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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182263/otitis-media-with-effusion-accuracy-of-tympanometry-in-detecting-fluid-in-the-middle-ears-of-children-at-myringotomies
#1
Khurshid Anwar, Saeed Khan, Habib Ur Rehman, Mohammad Javaid, Isteraj Shahabi
OBJECTIVE: (1) The diagnostic accuracy of tympanometry in detecting fluid in the middle ear space in children with otitis media with effusion by comparing its findings with those of myringotomies. (2) Identify the age group most commonly affected by OME. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at the Department of ENT& Head and Neck Surgery, Postgraduate Medical Institute Hayatabad Medical complex, Peshawar from July 1, 2012 to April 30, 2015. Patients with suspicion of OME underwent tympanometry and later myringotomies...
March 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26777262/the-uterine-immune-profile-may-help-women-with-repeated-unexplained-embryo-implantation-failure-after-in-vitro-fertilization
#2
REVIEW
Nathalie Lédée, Marie Petitbarat, Lucie Chevrier, Dominique Vitoux, Katia Vezmar, Mona Rahmati, Sylvie Dubanchet, Hanne Gahéry, Armand Bensussan, Gerard Chaouat
LABELED PROBLEM: Embryo implantation remains the main limiting factor in assisted reproductive medicine (20% success rate). METHODS OF STUDY: An endometrial immune profiling was performed among 394 women with the previous history of repeated embryo implantation failures (RIF). The endometrial immune profile documented the ratio of IL-15/Fn-14 mRNA as a biomarker of uNK cell activation/maturation (together with the uNK cell count) and the IL-18/TWEAK mRNA ratio as a biomarker of both angiogenesis and the Th1/Th2 balance...
March 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26345795/cytogenetic-characterization-of-species-of-the-family-heptapteridae-teleostei-siluriformes-from-the-cuiab%C3%A3-and-iva%C3%A3-river-basins-brazil
#3
L M Barbosa, G E B Ferreira, A C Prizon, A L B Portela-Castro, I C Martins-Santos
We cytogenetically characterized three species of Heptapteridae (Pimelodella sp, Pimelodella taenioptera, and Imparfinis schubarti) by investigating the distribution of constitutive heterochromatin and nucleolar organizer regions by silver nitrate impregnation (Ag-NOR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Pimelodella sp showed had a diploid number (2n) = 46 chromosomes, 26m + 10sm + 10st, and FN = 92; P. taenioptera, 2n = 52 chromosomes, 26m + 22sm + 4st, and FN = 104; and I. schubarti, 2n = 58 chromosomes, 28m + 28sm + 2st, and FN = 116...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26320477/incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-febrile-neutropenia-in-thai-hematologic-malignancy-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-a-6-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Wasithep Limvorapitak, Thana Khawcharoenporn
A 6-year retrospective cohort study was conducted among Thai hematologic malignancy (HM) patients receiving intensive chemotherapy. Of the 145 eligible patients receiving 893 chemotherapy sessions, 46.9% were female, median age was 52 years, and the most common HM diagnosis was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (46.2%). Febrile neutropenia (FN) occurred in 14.9% of chemotherapy sessions with an incidence of 24.8 per 1,000 chemotherapy cycles per year. Independent factors associated with FN were receiving the first chemotherapy cycle [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 4...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26308626/the-conjugates-of-ferrocene-1-1-diamine-and-amino-acids-a-novel-synthetic-approach-and-conformational-analysis
#5
Monika Kovačević, Ivan Kodrin, Mario Cetina, Ivana Kmetič, Teuta Murati, Mojca Čakić Semenčić, Sunčica Roca, Lidija Barišić
A novel synthetic approach toward a poorly explored bioorganometallic consisting of ferrocene-1,1'-diamine bearing structurally and chirally diverse amino acid sequences is reported. Until now, ferrocene-1,1'-diamine was suitable for accommodating only identical amino acid sequences at its N-termini, leading to the symmetrically disubstituted homochiral products stabilized through a 14-membered intramolecular hydrogen-bonded ring as is seen in antiparallel β-sheet peptides. The key step of the novel synthetic pathway is the transformation of Ac-Ala-NH-Fn-COOH (5) (Fn = 1,1'-ferrocenylene) to orthogonally protected Ac-Ala-NH-Fn-NHBoc (7)...
October 7, 2015: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26303618/phase-i-clinical-trial-of-autologous-nk-cell-therapy-using-novel-expansion-method-in-patients-with-advanced-digestive-cancer
#6
Naoyuki Sakamoto, Takeshi Ishikawa, Satoshi Kokura, Tetsuya Okayama, Kaname Oka, Mitsuko Ideno, Fumiyo Sakai, Akiko Kato, Masashige Tanabe, Tatsuji Enoki, Junichi Mineno, Yuji Naito, Yoshito Itoh, Toshikazu Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: NK cells can destroy tumor cells without prior sensitization or immunization. Tumors often lose expression of MHC molecules and/or antigens. However, NK cells can lyse tumor cells in a non-MHC-restricted manner and independent of the expression of tumor-associated antigens. NK cells are therefore considered ideal for adoptive cancer immunotherapy; however the difficulty of obtaining large numbers of fully functional NK cells that are safe to administer deters its clinical use...
2015: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26214191/heparin-induced-conformational-changes-of-fibronectin-within-the-extracellular-matrix-promote-hmsc-osteogenic-differentiation
#7
Bojun Li, Zhe Lin, Maria Mitsi, Yang Zhang, Viola Vogel
An increasing body of evidence suggests important roles of extracellular matrix (ECM) in regulating stem cell fate. This knowledge can be exploited in tissue engineering applications for the design of ECM scaffolds appropriate to direct stem cell differentiation. By probing the conformation of fibronectin (Fn) using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), we show here that heparin treatment of the fibroblast-derived ECM scaffolds resulted in more extended conformations of fibrillar Fn in ECM. Since heparin is a highly negatively charged molecule while fibronectin contains segments of positively charged modules, including FnIII13, electrostatic interactions between Fn and heparin might interfere with residual quaternary structure in relaxed fibronectin fibers thereby opening up buried sites...
January 2015: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26150022/impact-of-prophylactic-levofloxacin-on-rates-of-bloodstream-infection-and-fever-in-neutropenic-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-undergoing-autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Michael J Satlin, Santosh Vardhana, Rosemary Soave, Tsiporah B Shore, Tomer M Mark, Samantha E Jacobs, Thomas J Walsh, Usama Gergis
Few studies have evaluated the role of antibacterial prophylaxis during neutropenia in patients with multiple myeloma undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). At our center, levofloxacin prophylaxis was initiated in June 2006 in patients with myeloma who were undergoing autologous HSCT. We compared the incidence of bloodstream infection (BSI) and fever and neutropenia (FN) within 30 days of transplantation before (January 2003 to May 2006) and after (June 2006 to April 2010) the initiation of levofloxacin prophylaxis in patients undergoing autologous HSCT for myeloma...
October 2015: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26140168/first-description-of-the-karyotype-and-localization-of-major-and-minor-ribosomal-genes-in-rhoadsiaaltipinna-fowler-1911-characiformes-characidae-from-ecuador
#9
Omar Sánchez-Romero, César Quezada Abad, Patricio Quizhpe Cordero, Viviani França de Sene, Mauro Nirchio, Claudio Oliveira
Karyotypic features of Rhoadsiaaltipinna Fowler, 1911 from Ecuador were investigated by examining metaphase chromosomes through Giemsa staining, C-banding, Ag-NOR, and two-color-fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for mapping of 18S and 5S ribosomal genes. The species exhibit a karyotype with 2n = 50, composed of 10 metacentric, 26 submetacentric and 14 subtelocentric elements, with a fundamental number FN=86 and is characterized by the presence of a larger metacentric pair (number 1), which is about 2/3 longer than the average length of the rest of the metacentric series...
2015: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26116679/phenotypic-and-phylogenetic-identification-of-coliform-bacteria-obtained-using-12-coliform-methods-approved-by-the-u-s-environmental-protection-agency
#10
Ya Zhang, Pei-Ying Hong, Mark W LeChevallier, Wen-Tso Liu
The current definition of coliform bacteria is method dependent, and when different culture-based methods are used, discrepancies in results can occur and affect the accuracy of identification of true coliforms. This study used an alternative approach to the identification of true coliforms by combining the phenotypic traits of the coliform isolates and the phylogenetic affiliation of 16S rRNA gene sequences with the use of lacZ and uidA genes. A collection of 1,404 isolates detected by 12 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-approved coliform-testing methods were characterized based on their phylogenetic affiliations and responses to their original isolation media and lauryl tryptose broth, m-Endo, and MI agar media...
September 1, 2015: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26112819/bone-turnover-markers-are-associated-with-higher-cortical-porosity-thinner-cortices-and-larger-size-of-the-proximal-femur-and-non-vertebral-fractures
#11
Rajesh Shigdel, Marit Osima, Luai A Ahmed, Ragnar M Joakimsen, Erik F Eriksen, Roger Zebaze, Åshild Bjørnerem
Bone turnover markers (BTM) predict bone loss and fragility fracture. Although cortical porosity and cortical thinning are important determinants of bone strength, the relationship between BTM and cortical porosity has, however, remained elusive. We therefore wanted to examine the relationship of BTM with cortical porosity and risk of non-vertebral fracture. In 211 postmenopausal women aged 54-94 years with non-vertebral fractures and 232 age-matched fracture-free controls from the Tromsø Study, Norway, we quantified femoral neck areal bone mineral density (FN aBMD), femoral subtrochanteric bone architecture, and assessed serum levels of procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide (PINP) and C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX)...
December 2015: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26111956/comparison-of-effectiveness-of-biosimilar-filgrastim-nivestim%C3%A2-reference-amgen-filgrastim-and-pegfilgrastim-in-febrile-neutropenia-primary-prevention-in-breast-cancer-patients-treated-with-neo-adjuvant-tac-a-non-interventional-cohort-study
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M Brito, S Esteves, R André, M Isidoro, A Moreira
PURPOSE: Biosimilars are supported by limited clinical data at the time of approval. Recently, Nivestim™, a biosimilar of reference of filgrastim, was approved for prevention of chemotherapy-related febrile neutropenia (FN). To add clinical experience to this new biosimilar, we performed a study to compare the effectiveness of Nivestim™ with reference filgrastim and pegfilgrastim in FN prevention in patients receiving high-risk FN chemotherapy. METHODS: This is a comparative cohort study, with retrospective data collection...
February 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26085095/the-p63-gene-is-regulated-by-grainyhead-like-2-grhl2-through-reciprocal-feedback-and-determines-the-epithelial-phenotype-in-human-keratinocytes
#13
Shebli Mehrazarin, Wei Chen, Ju-Eun Oh, Zi X Liu, Kyung L Kang, Jin K Yi, Reuben H Kim, Ki-Hyuk Shin, No-Hee Park, Mo K Kang
In this study, we investigated the effects of p63 modulation in epithelial plasticity in human keratinocytes. The p63 isoforms ΔNp63α, ΔNp63β, and ΔNp63γ were ectopically expressed in normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs). The epithelial or mesenchymal state was determined by morphological changes and altered expression of various markers, e.g. fibronectin, E-Cadherin, and keratin 14. Overexpression of ΔNp63α and ΔNp63β but not ΔNp63γ isoforms led to morphological changes consistent with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
August 7, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26051078/interferon-gamma-treated-dental-pulp-stem-cells-promote-human-mesenchymal-stem-cell-migration-in-vitro
#14
Chelsee Strojny, Michael Boyle, Amelia Bartholomew, Premanand Sundivakkam, Satish Alapati
INTRODUCTION: Chronic inflammation disrupts dental pulp regeneration by disintegrating the recruitment process of progenitors for repair. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) share the common features with dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). The aim of the study was to investigate the migration of BM-MSCs toward DPSCs in response to inflammatory chemoattractants. Additionally, our studies also delineated the signaling mechanisms from BM-MSCs in mediating the proliferation and differentiation of DPSCs in vitro...
August 2015: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26042668/mefunidone-attenuates-tubulointerstitial-fibrosis-in-a-rat-model-of-unilateral-ureteral-obstruction
#15
Chunyan Liu, Wenjuan Mei, Juan Tang, Qiongjing Yuan, Ling Huang, Miaomiao Lu, Lin Wu, Zhangzhe Peng, Jie Meng, Huixiang Yang, Hong Shen, Ben Lv, Gaoyun Hu, Lijian Tao
BACKGROUND: Inflammation has a crucial role in renal interstitial fibrosis, which is the common pathway of chronic kidney diseases. Mefunidone (MFD) is a new compound which could effectively inhibit the proliferation of renal fibroblasts in vitro. However, the overall effect of Mefunidone in renal fibrosis remains unknown. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided intro 6 groups: sham operation, unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO), UUO/Mefunidone (25, 50, 100mg/kg/day) and UUO/PFD (500mg/kg/day)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25977979/what-causes-uneven-aerosol-deposition-in-the-bronchoconstricted-lung-a-quantitative-imaging-study
#16
Elliot Eliyahu Greenblatt, Tilo Winkler, Robert Scott Harris, Vanessa Jane Kelly, Mamary Kone, Ira Katz, Andrew R Martin, George Caillibotte, Jose Venegas
BACKGROUND: A previous PET-CT imaging study of 14 bronchoconstricted asthmatic subjects showed that peripheral aerosol deposition was highly variable among subjects and lobes. The aim of this work was to identify and quantify factors responsible for this variability. METHODS: A theoretical framework was formulated to integrate four factors affecting aerosol deposition: differences in ventilation, in how air vs. aerosol distribute at each bifurcation, in the fraction of aerosol escaping feeding airways, and in the fraction of aerosol reaching the periphery that is exhaled...
May 15, 2015: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25975790/-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-using-epirubicin-cyclophosphamide-and-fluorouracil-neutropenia-and-elevation-of-transaminase-and-their-management
#17
Xinguang Wang, Tie Fan, Zhaoqing Fan, Tianfeng Wang, Yuntao Xie, Jinfeng Li, Tao Ouyang
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively investigate the incidence of severe neutropenia and elevation of transaminase during neoadjuvant chemotherapy using epirubicin, cyclophosphamide and fluorouracil in breast cancer patients. METHODS: From January 2011 to December 2012, 303 consecutive breast cancer patients with complete treatment data treated in our department were included in this analysis. All patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with equal dose of EPI (100 mg/m(2)) administered every 3 weeks for 4 cycles before surgery...
March 2015: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25957578/hospital-discharges-for-fever-and-neutropenia-in-pediatric-cancer-patients-united-states-2009
#18
Emily L Mueller, Kelly J Walkovich, Rajen Mody, Achamyeleh Gebremariam, Matthew M Davis
BACKGROUND: Fever and neutropenia (FN) is a common complication of pediatric cancer treatment, but hospital utilization patterns for this condition are not well described. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID), an all-payer US hospital database, for 2009. Pediatric FN patients were identified using: age ≤19 years, urgent or emergent admit type, non-transferred, and a combination of ICD-9-CM codes for fever and neutropenia. Sampling weights were used to permit national inferences...
May 10, 2015: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25931196/a-prospective-observational-study-of-antibiotic-therapy-in-febrile-neutropenia-patients-with-hematological-malignances-from-multiple-centers-in-northeast-china
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Weihua Zhai, Xiaoyu Zhang, Jialin Wei, Qi Deng, Xiaoyuan Dong, Xiaolei Zhang, Guixin Zhang, Qiaoling Ma, Rongli Zhang, Dong Su, Sizhou Feng, Mingzhe Han
OBJECTIVES: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a common but lethal complication of chemotherapy in hematological malignance. The aim of this study was to identify the prognostic risk factors for antibiotic treatment outcome in PN patients, and provide the optimal choice for the initial empirical antibiotic treatment. METHODS: 227 consecutive FN hematologic malignancies from four hospitals in Northeast China were enrolled. The outcome of antibiotic therapy was investigated until 14 days after the onset of FN...
August 2015: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25867236/intraoperative-neuromonitoring-for-removal-of-large-vestibular-schwannoma-facial-nerve-outcome-and-predictive-factors
#20
Sheng-wen Liu, Wei Jiang, Hua-qiu Zhang, Xiao-peng Li, Xue-yan Wan, Bosomah Emmanuel, Kai Shu, Jing-cao Chen, Jian Chen, Ting Lei
BACKGROUND: Preservation of facial nerve (FN) function is one of the major goals for resection of large vestibular schwannoma (VS) (≥ 30 mm). Little is known about the FN outcome and its predictive factors due to limited data. OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive factors affecting FN outcome following resection of large VS. METHODS: 106 Large VS patients underwent surgical resection from 2010 to 2012 via intraoperative neuromonitoring for FN preservation approach...
June 2015: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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