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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655176/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-nudging-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-choice
#1
Valérie J V Broers, Céline De Breucker, Stephan Van den Broucke, Olivier Luminet
Background: Nudging refers to interventions that organize the choice architecture in order to alter people's behaviour in a predictable way without forbidding any options or significantly changing their economic incentives. As a strategy to encourage healthy behaviour, nudging can serve as a complement to health education. However, the empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of nudging as a way to influence food choice remains contradictory. To address this issue, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to test the effects of nudging to encourage people to select more fruit and vegetables...
June 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654968/association-of-electrochemical-therapy-with-optical-mechanical-and-acoustic-impedance-properties-of-porcine-skin
#2
Wesley J Moy, Erica Su, Jason J Chen, Connie Oh, Joe C Jing, Yueqiao Qu, Youmin He, Zhongping Chen, Brian J F Wong
Importance: The classic management of burn scars and other injuries to the skin has largely relied on soft-tissue transfer to resurface damaged tissue with local tissue transfer or skin graft placement. In situ generation of electrochemical reactions using needle electrodes and an application of current may be a new approach to treat scars and skin. Objective: To examine the changes in optical, mechanical, and acoustic impedance properties in porcine skin after electrochemical therapy...
June 22, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654829/fructose-intake-exacerbates-the-contractile-response-elicited-by-norepinephrine-in-mesenteric-vascular-bed-of-rats-via-increased-endothelial-prostanoids
#3
Glauciene J Sousa, Phablo Wendell C Oliveira, Breno V Nogueira, Antônio F Melo, Thaís de Oliveira Faria, Eduardo Frizera Meira, José G Mill, Nazaré S Bissoli, Marcelo P Baldo
Chronic fructose intake induces major cardiovascular and metabolic disturbances and is associated with the development of hypertension due to changes in vascular function. We hypothesized that high fructose intake for 6 weeks would cause metabolic syndrome and lead to initial vascular dysfunction. Male Wistar rats were assigned to receive fructose (FRU, 10%) or drinking water (CON) for 6 weeks. Systolic blood pressure was evaluated by tail plethysmography. Fasting glucose, insulin and glucose tolerance were measured at the end of the follow-up...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654827/characterisation-of-the-medipix3-detector-for-60-and-80kev-electrons
#4
J A Mir, R Clough, R MacInnes, C Gough, R Plackett, I Shipsey, H Sawada, I MacLaren, R Ballabriga, D Maneuski, V O'Shea, D McGrouther, A I Kirkland
In this paper we report quantitative measurements of the imaging performance for the current generation of hybrid pixel detector, Medipix3, used as a direct electron detector. We have measured the modulation transfer function and detective quantum efficiency at beam energies of 60 and 80keV. In single pixel mode, energy threshold values can be chosen to maximize either the modulation transfer function or the detective quantum efficiency, obtaining values near to, or exceeding those for a theoretical detector with square pixels...
June 20, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654818/high-throughput-screening-of-myxoid-liposarcoma-cell-lines-survivin-is-essential-for-tumor-growth
#5
Marieke A de Graaff, Shruti Malu, Irma Guardiola, Alwine B Kruisselbrink, Yvonne de Jong, Willem E Corver, H Gelderblom, Patrick Hwu, Torsten O Nielsen, Alexander J Lazar, Neeta Somaiah, Judith V M G Bovée
Myxoid liposarcoma (MLS) is a soft tissue sarcoma characterized by a recurrent t(12;16) translocation. Although tumors are initially radio- and chemosensitive, the management of inoperable or metastatic MLS can be challenging. Therefore, our aim was to identify novel targets for systemic therapy. We performed an in vitro high-throughput drug screen using three MLS cell lines (402091, 1765092, DL-221), which were treated with 273 different drugs at four different concentrations. Cell lines and tissue microarrays were used for validation...
June 24, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654173/rocuronium-vs-succinylcholine-for-rapid-sequence-intubation-a%C3%A2-cochrane-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
D T T Tran, E K Newton, V A H Mount, J S Lee, C Mansour, G A Wells, J J Perry
This systemic review was performed to determine whether rocuronium creates intubating conditions comparable to those of succinylcholine during rapid sequence intubation of the trachea. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2015, Issue 2), MEDLINE (1966 to February Week 2 2015), and EMBASE (1988 to February 14 2015) for any randomised controlled trials or controlled clinical trials that reported intubating conditions comparing rocuronium and succinylcholine for rapid or modified rapid sequence intubation...
June 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654043/light-mediated-reversible-modulation-of-the-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-pathway-during-cell-differentiation-and-xenopus-embryonic-development
#7
Vishnu V Krishnamurthy, Aurora J Turgeon, John S Khamo, Payel Mondal, Savanna R Sharum, Wenyan Mei, Jing Yang, Kai Zhang
Kinase activity is crucial for a plethora of cellular functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, and apoptosis. During early embryonic development, kinase activity is highly dynamic and widespread across the embryo. Pharmacological and genetic approaches are commonly used to probe kinase activities. Unfortunately, it is challenging to achieve superior spatial and temporal resolution using these strategies. Furthermore, it is not feasible to control the kinase activity in a reversible fashion in live cells and multicellular organisms...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653753/the-development-of-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-index-for-fistulising-crohn-s-disease
#8
M A Samaan, C A J Puylaert, B G Levesque, G Y Zou, L Stitt, S A Taylor, L M Shackelton, M K Vandervoort, R Khanna, C Santillan, J Rimola, P Hindryckx, C Y Nio, W J Sandborn, G D'Haens, B G Feagan, V Jairath, J Stoker
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for assessment of perianal fistulising Crohn's disease (CD). The Van Assche index is the most commonly used MRI fistula index. AIMS: To assess the reliability of the Van Assche index, and to modify the instrument to improve reliability and create a novel index for fistulising CD. METHODS: A consensus process developed scoring conventions for existing Van Assche index component items and new items...
June 27, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653744/estimates-of-genetic-parameters-and-genotypic-values-prediction-in-maize-landrace-populations-by-reml-blup-procedure
#9
D Baretta, M Nardino, I R Carvalho, A J de Pelegrin, M Ferrari, V J Szareski, W S Barros, V Q de Souza, A C de Oliveira, L C da Maia
The REML/BLUP statistics are analyses that can be used as selective criteria in the routine of maize breeding programs. The present study aims to determine the genetic potential in crosses of landrace populations applying the REML/BLUP methodology, and to identify populations for the synthesis of new populations and intrapopulation selection for family farming systems, as well as genetic constitutions for use in maize breeding programs. Nine top cross hybrids obtained in the 2012/2013 harvest were evaluated along with their testator, the landraces used as parents, and four commercial hybrids, in a randomized block design, with information taken from the average of each plot...
June 20, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653743/genetic-diversity-and-pectinolytic-activity-of-epiphytic-yeasts-from-grape-carposphere
#10
M Cilião Filho, M B D Bertéli, J S Valle, L D Paccola-Meirelles, G A Linde, F G Barcellos, N B Colauto
The genetic diversity of epiphytic yeasts from grape carposphere is susceptible to environmental variations that determine the predominant carposphere microbiota. Understanding the diversity of yeasts that inhabit grape carposphere in different environments and their pectinolytic activity is a way to understand the biotechnological potential that surrounds us and help improve winemaking. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the pectinolytic activity and characterize the genetic diversity of isolated epiphytic yeasts from grape carposphere...
June 20, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653675/periprostatic-adipose-inflammation-is-associated-with-high-grade-prostate-cancer
#11
A Gucalp, N M Iyengar, X K Zhou, D D Giri, D J Falcone, H Wang, S Williams, M D Krasne, I Yaghnam, B Kunzel, P G Morris, L W Jones, M Pollak, V P Laudone, C A Hudis, H I Scher, P T Scardino, J A Eastham, A J Dannenberg
BACKGROUND: Obesity, a cause of subclinical inflammation, is associated with increased risk of high-grade prostate cancer (PC) and poor outcomes. Whether inflammation occurs in periprostatic white adipose tissue (WAT), and contributes to the negative impact of obesity on PC aggressiveness, is unknown. METHODS: In a single-center, cross-sectional design, men with newly diagnosed PC undergoing radical prostatectomy were eligible for study participation. The primary objective was to examine the prevalence of periprostatic WAT inflammation defined by the presence of crown-like structures (CLS-P) as detected by CD68 immunohistochemistry...
June 27, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653580/short-term-host-selection-pressure-has-little-effect-on-the-evolution-of-a-monoclonal-population-of-verticillium-dahliae-race-1
#12
Krishna D Puri, Suraj Gurung, Dylan Pg Short, Zahi Atallah, German Sandoya, Mike Davis, Ryan J Hayes, Krishna V Subbarao
Understanding pathogen evolution over time is vital for plant breeding and deployment of host resistance. In the context of a soilborne pathogen, the potential of host-directed evolution of a Verticillium dahliae race 1 isolate and genotypic variation of V. dahliae associated with two major hosts (lettuce and tomato) were determined. A total of 427 isolates were recovered over six years from a resistance screening nursery infested with a single V. dahliae race 1 isolate. In a separate study, an additional 207 isolates representing 163 and 43 isolates from commercial lettuce and tomato fields were collected, respectively...
June 27, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653496/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-experimental-transmission-using-a-pig-model
#13
J Vergara-Alert, V S Raj, M Muñoz, F X Abad, I Cordón, B L Haagmans, A Bensaid, J Segalés
Dromedary camels are the main reservoir of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), but other livestock species (i.e., alpacas, llamas, and pigs) are also susceptible to infection with MERS-CoV. Animal-to-animal transmission in alpacas was reported, but evidence for transmission in other species has not been proved. This study explored pig-to-pig MERS-CoV transmission experimentally. Virus was present in nasal swabs of infected animals, and limited amounts of viral RNA, but no infectious virus were detected in the direct contact pigs...
June 26, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653458/left-ventricular-only-pacing-in-heart-failure-patients-with-normal-atrioventricular-conduction-improves-global-function-and-left-ventricular-regional-mechanics-compared-with-biventricular-pacing-an-adaptive-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-sub-study
#14
Kevin V Burns, Ryan M Gage, Antonia E Curtin, John Gorcsan, Alan J Bank
AIMS: Right ventricular (RV) pacing can impair left ventricular (LV) function. When timed with native RV activation, LV-only pacing may cause greater improvements in LV function than biventricular pacing. This study compared the chronic effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on LV mechanics between biventricular pacing and LV-only pacing in patients with normal atrioventricular (AV) conduction. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Adaptive CRT (aCRT) algorithm provides LV-only pacing timed with native RV activation when the AV interval is normal (≤200 ms during sinus rhythm)...
June 26, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653376/has-the-income-of-the-residential-area-impact-on-the-use-of-intensive-care
#15
J H Liisanantti, R Käkelä, L V Raatiniemi, P Ohtonen, S Hietanen, T I Ala-Kokko
BACKGROUND: The socioeconomic factors have an impact on case mix and outcome in critical illness, but how these factors affect the use of intensive care is not studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of intensive care unit (ICU) admissions in patients from residential areas with different annual incomes. METHODS: Single-center, retrospective study in Northern Finland. All the non-trauma-related emergency admissions from the hospital district area were included...
June 26, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653363/quiet-echo-planar-imaging-for-functional-and-diffusion-mri
#16
Jana Hutter, Anthony N Price, Lucilio Cordero-Grande, Shaihan Malik, Giulio Ferrazzi, Andreia Gaspar, Emer J Hughes, Daan Christiaens, Laura McCabe, Torben Schneider, Mary A Rutherford, Joseph V Hajnal
PURPOSE: To develop a purpose-built quiet echo planar imaging capability for fetal functional and diffusion scans, for which acoustic considerations often compromise efficiency and resolution as well as angular/temporal coverage. METHODS: The gradient waveforms in multiband-accelerated single-shot echo planar imaging sequences have been redesigned to minimize spectral content. This includes a sinusoidal read-out with a single fundamental frequency, a constant phase encoding gradient, overlapping smoothed CAIPIRINHA blips, and a novel strategy to merge the crushers in diffusion MRI...
June 26, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653258/azole-resistance-in-aspergillus-fumigatus-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-matter-of-concern
#17
A Hamprecht, F Morio, O Bader, P Le Pape, J Steinmann, E Dannaoui
Aspergillus fumigatus is the most frequent filamentous fungus isolated from respiratory specimens from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Triazoles are the most widely used antifungals in the treatment of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and invasive aspergillosis (IA) in CF patients. Treatment success could be severely compromised by the occurrence of azole-resistant A. fumigatus (ARAf), which is increasingly reported worldwide from both clinical samples and the environment. In previous studies, ARAf has been detected in up to 8% of CF patients...
June 26, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653209/-early-onset-of-fingolimod-associated-macular-edema
#18
D Schelenz, I Kleiter, J Schöllhammer, J Rehrmann, M Elling, H B Dick, V Kakkassery
BACKGROUND: Fingolimod, a disease-modifying sphingosine 1‑phosphate receptor modulator, which was approved in Germany in 2011, decreases the relapse rate and reduces neuroinflammation in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Macular edema is a well-known ocular side effect of fingolimod therapy. Specific intervals for ophthalmologic check-ups after starting fingolimod and definite treatment schedules for fingolimod-associated macular edema are, however, still lacking...
June 26, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652932/a-study-of-the-progression-of-damage-in-an-axially-loaded-branta-leucopsis-femur-using-x-ray-computed-tomography-and-digital-image-correlation
#19
Zartasha Mustansar, Samuel A McDonald, William Irvin Sellers, Phillip Lars Manning, Tristan Lowe, Philip J Withers, Lee Margetts
This paper uses X-ray computed tomography to track the mechanical response of a vertebrate (Barnacle goose) long bone subjected to an axial compressive load, which is increased gradually until failure. A loading rig was mounted in an X-ray computed tomography system so that a time-lapse sequence of three-dimensional (3D) images of the bone's internal (cancellous or trabecular) structure could be recorded during loading. Five distinct types of deformation mechanism were observed in the cancellous part of the bone...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652919/-khelaifiella-massiliensis-niameybacter-massiliensis-brachybacterium-massiliense-enterobacter-timonensis-massilibacillus-massiliensis-new-bacterial-species-and-genera-isolated-from-the-gut-microbiota-of-healthy-infants
#20
M Tidjani Alou, F Cadoret, S Brah, A Diallo, C Sokhna, V Mehrej, J-C Lagier, P-E Fournier, D Raoult
The main characteristics of 'Khelaifiella massiliensis' strain Mt13(T) (= CSUR P1935, = DSM100591), 'Niameybacter massiliensis' strain Mt14(T) (= CSUR P1909, = DSM100592), 'Brachybacterium massiliense' strain MT5(T) (= CSUR P2240, = DSM101766), 'Enterobacter timonensis' strain mt20(T) (= CSUR P2201, = DSM 101775) and 'Massilibacillus massiliensis' strain Marseille-P2411(T) (= CSUR P2411, = DSM102838), new species isolated from the gut of healthy African infants, are presented.
September 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
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