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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864533/calculating-probability-in-sex-offender-risk-assessment
#1
Richard W Elwood
Risk is the probability of an adverse event or outcome. In a previous article, I compared the Bayesian and Frequentist models of defining probability. This article compares the Bayesian and regression models of quantifying probability. Both approaches are widely used in the biomedical and behavioral sciences even though they yield different results. No consensus has emerged as to which is more appropriate. The choice between them remains controversial. This article concludes that the Bayesian model provides a viable alternative to logistic regression and may be more useful in quantifying the absolute recidivism risk of individual sex offenders...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861903/bestiality-in-forensically-committed-sexual-offenders-a-case-series
#2
Brian Holoyda
Although bestiality has occurred since prehistoric times, it remains a poorly understood aspect of human sexuality. Prevalence studies in the mid-20th century suggested that bestiality was a relatively common phenomenon. Since that time, researchers have studied bestiality among specific populations, including self-identified "zoophiles" and inmates who report a history of bestiality. Findings from inmate research suggest that bestiality may represent a risk factor for future interpersonal violence. This study presents a case series of bestiality among sexual offenders committed under forensic commitment schemes...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836160/sex-offender-risk-assessment-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Brad D Booth, Drew A Kingston
Sexual violence is common and can have profound effects on victims compared with other forms of violence. This violence includes unwelcome and forced sexual contact on adults or children. Assessment of individuals who perpetrate sexual violence starts with a comprehensive biopsychosocial evaluation after a finding of guilt. Clinicians should then evaluate risk. Based on this assessment, a risk management plan should be developed, directed at the specific risk of the offender. Management options include external control (eg, incarceration, probation), psychotherapeutic interventions, pharmacologic interventions, and treatment of comorbidity...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807206/an-empirical-examination-of-the-victim-search-methods-utilized-by-serial-stranger-sexual-offenders-a-classification-approach
#4
Ashley N Hewitt, Eric Beauregard, Garth Davies
Past research on the spatial mobility of serial offenders has generally found that these individuals make calculated decisions about the ways in which they come into contact with suitable victims. Within the geographic profiling literature, four victim-search methods have been theorized that describe how serial predatory offenders hunt for their victims: hunter, poacher, troller, and trapper Using latent class analysis, the aim of this study is to test whether this theoretical typology can be empirically derived using data that were collected from both police files and semi-structured interviews with 72 serial sex offenders who committed 361 stranger sexual assaults...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790436/surgical-site-infection-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-on-decline
#5
Susmita Bhattacharya, Kuhu Pal, Sonia Jain, Shiv Sekhar Chatterjee, Jayashree Konar
INTRODUCTION: Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is the most common healthcare associated infection that could be averted by antibiotics prophylaxis against the probable offending organisms. As Staphylococcus aureus has been playing a substantial role in the aetiology of SSIs, Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) happens to be a problem while dealing with the postoperative wound infection. AIM: To determine the prevalence of SSI caused by MRSA and the antibiotic sensitivity pattern of MRSA...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766656/comparison-of-arousal-and-preference-assessment-outcomes-for-sex-offenders-with-intellectual-disabilities
#6
Jorge R Reyes, Timothy R Vollmer, Astrid Hall
We compared outcomes of arousal and preference assessments for five adult male alleged sexual offenders with intellectual disabilities. Arousal assessments involved the use of the penile plethysmograph to measure changes in penile circumference to both deviant (males and females under the age of 18) and nondeviant (males and females over the age of 18) video clips. Paired-stimulus preference assessments were arranged to present still images from the video clips used in the arousal assessments. Results showed correspondence between the assessments for four out of the five participants...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754939/the-utility-of-post-conviction-polygraph-testing-among-sexual-offenders
#7
Elizabeth Elliott, Birgit Vollm
It is often difficult to ascertain the true extent and nature of sexually deviant behavior, as much relies on self-report or historic information. The polygraph has been proposed as a useful tool in the treatment and supervision of sex offenders. The current review aims to provide a coherent, objective, and recent synthesis of evaluation studies exploring the utility of the post-conviction polygraph (PCSOT) in the treatment and management of sexual offenders. This was assessed based on offense recidivism rates and disclosure; self-reported utility was also considered...
October 17, 2016: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752854/relations-between-self-reported-adverse-events-in-childhood-and-hypersexuality-in-adult-male-sexual-offenders
#8
Drew A Kingston, Franklyn J Graham, Raymond A Knight
Hypersexuality, or extreme normophilic sexual urges and behaviors, is a controversial construct that was recently considered as a candidate disorder for the DSM-5 and was rejected. It was also rejected for inclusion in Section III (Conditions for Further Study). Nonetheless, it has been found to be an important predictor of recidivism among sex offenders, and it continues to be discussed widely in the literature. In the present study, we investigated the developmental roots of this construct in a sample of 529 adult male sexual offenders, who were administered the Multidimensional Assessment of Sex and Aggression...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745760/-impairments-of-empathic-process-in-sexual-offenders
#9
Virginie Cailleau, Bérangère Thirioux, Bernard Méry, Jean-Louis Senon, Nematollah Jaafari
The review of literature devoted to empathy deficits of sexual offenders shows that they have difficulties in identifying specific emotions in specific situations. Their perspective taking abilities range from weak to normal. Face to their victims suffering, their emotional replication would be inhibited. Affective and cognitive impairments in sexual offenders do not result from a general empathy deficit but would however result from the context, cognitive distortions or indifference towards victims. Some sexual offenders are able to decenter from themselves and understand their victims' mental states, but maintain their viewpoint, leading them to not identify with their victims or share their feelings...
December 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733213/parental-and-perinatal-risk-factors-for-sexual-offending-in-men-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#10
K M Babchishin, M C Seto, A Sariaslan, P Lichtenstein, S Fazel, N Långström
BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest parental and perinatal risk factors are associated with later offending. It remains uncertain, however, if such risk factors are similarly related to sexual offending. METHOD: We linked socio-demographic, family relations, and perinatal (obtained at birth) data from the nationwide Swedish registers from 1973 to 2009 with information on criminal convictions of cases and control subjects. Male sex offenders (n = 13 773) were matched 1:5 on birth year and county of birth in Sweden to male controls without sexual or non-sexual violent convictions...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732028/an-internet-study-of-men-sexually-attracted-to-children-correlates-of-sexual-offending-against-children
#11
J Michael Bailey, Paula A Bernhard, Kevin J Hsu
We conducted an Internet survey of 1,102 men sexually attracted to children concerning their history of adjudicated offenses related to child pornography and sexual contact with children. Most of the men reported no offenses, but their rate of offenses was much higher than that expected for adult-attracted men. Correlates of offending are consistent with a strong role of the cumulative effects of temptation, especially age. Older men, men who had repeatedly worked in jobs with children, men who had repeatedly fallen in love with children, and men who had often struggled not to offend were especially likely to have offended...
October 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701680/-urolithiasis-in-the-long-term-gnrh-agonist-treatment-of-patients-with-paraphilia-3-case-studies
#12
G Mayrhofer, T Voß, D Wegner
The outpatient forensic aftercare department of the Charité Berlin treated 32 paraphilic sex offenders with GnRH analogues within the past 5 years. Out of those patients, three men suffered from urolithiasis and were in need of treatment. All 3 patients had previously developed osteopenia/osteoporosis while on antiandrogen treatment.This article describes these 3 cases and suggests an intense consideration of the possible occurrence of urolithiasis in sex offenders on antiandrogen treatment.
October 4, 2016: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677745/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-care-of-adolescent-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease-a%C3%A2-pathway-to-optimal-care
#13
A M M Strijbosch, R Zwart, N A Blom, B J Bouma, M Groenink, S M Boekholdt, R de Winter, B J M Mulder, A P Backx
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with congenital heart disease transition from a paediatric to an adult setting. This is associated with loss-to-follow-up and suboptimal care. Increasing numbers of patients justify a special program. In this study we evaluated the cooperative program between paediatric and adult cardiology departments in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients with congenital heart disease with at least one appointment scheduled at the transition program between January 2010 and January 2015 were included...
November 2016: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671782/the-development-of-in-vivo-measures-to-assess-the-impact-of-sex-drive-reducing-medications-in-an-offender-with-an-intellectual-disability
#14
Jerry A Rea, Michael R Dixon, Robert D Zettle, Kasey L Wright
The ability to adequately evaluate medications in the treatment of paraphilias has been limited by reliance upon self-report as a measure of effectiveness over periods of time that may be too short to detect reoffending. One solution to this shortcoming is the development of valid, long-term, stable assessment measures. The purpose of this case study was to analyze the effects of Prozac and Provera on an array of behaviors germane to the successful treatment of paraphilias, including: (a) sexual arousal in the laboratory and natural environment, (b) sexual thoughts (deviant and nondeviant) accompanied by arousal in the natural environment, and (c) overt actions in the community associated with increased risk of reoffending over a 31-month period for an exhibitionist with an intellectual disability...
September 26, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669732/sex-offending-and-situational-motivation-findings-from-a-qualitative-analysis-of-desistance-from-sexual-offending
#15
Mark Farmer, Anne-Marie McAlinden, Shadd Maruna
Sex offending is typically understood from a pathology perspective with the origin of the behavior thought to be within the offending individual. Such a perspective may not be beneficial for those seeking to desist from sexual offending and reintegrate into mainstream society. A thematic analysis of 32 self-narratives of men convicted of sexual offences against children suggests that such individuals typically explain their pasts utilizing a script consistent with routine activity theory, emphasizing the role of circumstantial changes in both the onset of and desistance from sexual offending...
September 25, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651448/intra-and-extra-familial-victimization-experiences-differentiating-between-incarcerated-serious-youth-offenders-and-youth-rapists
#16
Jamie R Yoder, Ashleigh I Hodge, Donna Ruch
Although research is becoming increasingly nuanced by exploring differential risk factors linked with types of youth offenders, typological distinctions have rarely been made between youth rapists and other serious youth offenders. This study tests the relative effects of intra- and extra-familial victimization-while holding other theoretically driven variables constant-on membership in three mutually exclusive youth offending groups: non-serious non-sexual offenders (n = 4,013), serious non-sexual offenders (n = 2,571), and rapists (n = 489)...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644871/sex-offenders-in-the-digital-age
#17
Eric J Chan, Dale E McNiel, Renee L Binder
With most youths now using the Internet and social networking sites (SNSs), the public has become increasingly concerned about risks posed by online predators. In response, lawmakers have begun to pass laws that ban or limit sex offenders' use of the Internet and SNSs. At the time of this article, 12 states and the federal government have passed legislation attempting to restrict or ban the use of SNSs by registered sex offenders. These laws have been successfully challenged in 4 states. In this article, we discuss examples of case law that illustrate evolving trends regarding Internet and social networking site restrictions on sex offenders on supervised release, as well as those who have already completed their sentences...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641716/female-sex-offenders-public-awareness-and-attributions
#18
Calli M Cain, Amy L Anderson
Traditional gender roles, sex scripts, and the way female sex offenders are portrayed in the media may lead to misconceptions about who can commit sexual offenses. Sexual crimes by women may go unnoticed or unreported if there is a general lack of awareness that females commit these crimes. Data from the 2012 Nebraska Annual Social Indicators Survey were used to determine whether the public perceives women as capable sex offenders and the perceived causes of female sex offending. The traditional focus on male sex offenders by researchers, media, and politicians, in addition to gender stereotypes, introduces the possibility of group differences (e...
September 16, 2016: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634818/-while-this-does-not-in-any-way-excuse-my-conduct-the-role-of-treatment-and-neutralizations-in-desistance-from-sexual-offending
#19
Joanne L Hulley
This article explores the role of neutralizations in desistance from sexual offending. The project involved interviews with 15 men convicted of a sexual offence against a child and living in the community for between 1 and 15 years following a period of incarceration. The majority had undertaken sex offender treatment and highlighted its utility. Participants less than 9 years post-release tended to neutralize their offending via the technique of "denial of responsibility," while those 9 years plus post-release displayed less evidence of neutralizations...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634817/desistance-from-crime-without-reintegration-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-social-context-and-life-course-path-to-desistance-in-a-sample-of-adults-convicted-of-a-sex-crime
#20
Patrick Lussier, Evan McCuish
Criminological theories suggest that desistance from crime cannot be considered outside its social context. Few studies, however, have examined the social context and its importance for individuals convicted of a sex offense. Their unique experience during community reentry warrants specific attention to this group. Using prospective longitudinal data, the current study examined desistance from general offending in a sample of 500 adult males convicted of at least one sex offense. Cox proportional hazards models showed that, although desistance is associated with the presence of prosocial social influences, these differences disappeared after controlling for prior involvement in crime and delinquency...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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