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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927298/psychopathy-and-treatment-outcome-results-from-a-sexual-violence-reduction-program
#1
Lindsay A Sewall, Mark E Olver
The present study examined the association of psychopathy, measured by the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 1991, 2003), to sexual offender treatment completion, change, and recidivism in a Canadian sample of 302 treated sexual offenders followed up in the community 17.6 years post release. Sexual violence risk and treatment change was evaluated via the Violence Risk Scale-Sexual Offense version (Wong, Olver, Nicholaichuk, & Gordon, 2003-2017), and general violence risk via the Sex Offender Risk Appraisal Guide (Quinsey, Harris, Rice, & Cormier, 1998)...
June 21, 2018: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911417/public-reactions-to-male-versus-female-terrorism-experimental-evidence-for-the-male-warrior-hypothesis
#2
Miriam Lindner
One of the most consistent findings in the domain of criminal justice is that female and male offenders are perceived differently, often resulting in milder sentencing of women compared to men. Although previous studies have sought to identify factors that shape public reactions to terrorism and support for harsh interrogation techniques in its aftermath, empirical studies on differential reactions to female (vs. male) terrorist violence remain scarce. Here, it is argued that the often-violent evolutionary history of our species has shaped the way in which we perceive and react to female (vs...
April 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910564/early-results-of-fecal-microbial-transplantation-protocol-implementation-at-a-community-based-university-hospital
#3
Rodrigo Duarte-Chavez, Thomas R Wojda, Thomas B Zanders, Berhanu Geme, Gloria Fioravanti, Stanislaw P Stawicki
Introduction: Clostridium difficile (CD) is a serious and increasingly prevalent healthcare-associated infection. The pathogenesis of CD infection (CDI) involves the acquisition of CD with a concurrent disruption of the native gut flora. Antibiotics are a major risk although other contributing factors have also been identified. Clinical management combines discontinuation of the offending antibiotic, initiation of CD-specific antibiotic therapy, probiotic agent use, fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), and surgery as the "last resort" option...
April 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877115/an-examination-of-the-home-intruder-sex-offender
#4
Katherine Ensslen, Eric Beauregard, Amelie Pedneault
One particular crime location in sexual assaults is the victim's residence. Similar to sexual burglars, "home-intruder" sex offenders choose to assault the victim in her residence, most likely in their bedroom. The aim of the current study is to analyze modus operandi, temporal factors, and victim characteristics in a sample of 347 stranger sexual assaults committed by 69 serial sex offenders to determine which factors may be more relevant to sexual assaults committed in the victim's residence compared with sexual assaults committed at another type of location...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876253/pedophilic-sex-offenders-are-characterised-by-reduced-gaba-concentration-in-dorsal-anterior-cingulate-cortex
#5
Inka Ristow, Meng Li, Lejla Colic, Vanessa Marr, Carina Födisch, Felicia von Düring, Kolja Schiltz, Krasimira Drumkova, Joachim Witzel, Henrik Walter, Klaus Beier, Tillmann H C Kruger, Jorge Ponseti, Boris Schiffer, Martin Walter
A pedophilic disorder is characterised by abnormal sexual urges towards prepubescent children. Child abusive behavior is frequently a result of lack of behavioral inhibition and current treatment options entail, next to suppressing unchangeable sexual orientation, measures to increase cognitive and attentional control. We tested, if in brain regions subserving attentional control of behavior and perception of salient stimuli, such inhibition deficit can be observed also on the level of inhibitory neurotransmitters...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843661/high-prevalence-rates-for-multiple-psychiatric-conditions-among-inmates-at-french-guiana-s-correctional-facility-diagnostic-and-demographic-factors-associated-with-violent-offending-and-previous-incarceration
#6
Mathieu Nacher, Gulen Ayhan, Romain Arnal, Célia Basurko, Florence Huber, Agathe Pastre, Louis Jehel, Bruno Falissard, Vincent About
BACKGROUND: French Guiana has the highest incarceration rate among French territories, it is higher than that of Brazil, Colombia or Venezuela. It is well known that mental health problems are over-represented in correctional facilities. Our objectives were to describe the prevalence of various psychiatric conditions and to study factors associated with violence and repeated offenses among arriving detainees at the sole correctional facility of French Guiana. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional...
May 29, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805319/rethinking-one-of-criminology-s-brute-facts-the-age-crime-curve-and-the-crime-drop-in-scotland
#7
Ben Matthews, Jon Minton
Examining annual variation in the age-crime curve as a way to better understand the recent crime drop, this paper explores how the age distribution of convicted offending changed for men and women in Scotland between 1989 and 2011. This analysis employs shaded contour plots as a method of visualizing annual change in the age-crime curve. Similar to recent findings from the USA, we observed falling rates of convicted offending for young people, primarily owing to lower rates of convicted offending for young men...
May 2018: European Journal of Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792506/testing-the-validity-of-criminal-risk-assessment-tools-in-sexually-abusive-youth
#8
Steffen Barra, Cornelia Bessler, Markus A Landolt, Marcel Aebi
Although accurate risk appraisals are mandatory to provide effective treatment to juveniles who have sexually offended (JSOs), the current knowledge on the validity of risk assessment instruments for JSOs is inconclusive. We compared the predictive validities of the Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol II (J-SOAP II), the Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Offense Recidivism (ERASOR), and the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide-Revised (VRAG-R) scores concerning sexual, nonsexual-violent, and general criminal recidivism (based on both official and nonregistered reoffenses) in a consecutive sample of 597 male JSOs (Mage = 14...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783916/unraveling-the-personality-profile-of-the-sexual-murderer
#9
Eric Beauregard, Matt DeLisi
Although sexual homicide offenders (SHOs) evince personality disorders, few prior studies have examined all personality disorders or utilized control groups of offenders. Drawing on data from 616 adult male sex offenders including 85 who were SHOs, the current study examined the personality profile of the SHOs, by comparing them with a group of violent nonhomicidal sex offenders (VNHSOs) and a group of nonhomicidal sex offenders (NHSOs) on clinical diagnostics of personality disorders and various crime characteristics...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783276/somnophilia-and-sexual-abuse-through-the-administration-of-ghb-and-gbl
#10
Mark Pettigrew
Somnophilia, the desire to have sex with an unconscious, sleeping, or comatose person who is unable to respond, is a sexual paraphilia that is seldom reported. The underlying desire is often overshadowed by the act of sexual violation and when using GHB or GBL to induce unconsciousness, as in the case presented here, the victim might not even be able to recall, for certain, that they have been sexually violated. A case study is offered of a somnophile who adulterated drinks to render young men unconscious, so he could rape them in that state, before progressing to administering drugs anally on the pretext of applying lubrication to the anus to facilitate sexual intercourse...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783179/staged-crime-scene-determination-by-handling-physical-and-digital-evidence-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Francesco Lupariello, Serena Curti, Janet Barber Duval, Giovanni Abbattista, Giancarlo Di Vella
Geberth in 2006 stated that "staging is a conscious criminal action on the part of an offender to thwart an investigation." In the present paper two crime scenes staged by handling digital evidence are reported. The first case involves a 50-year-old woman who had been living with the offender for three years before he murdered her at the end of their relationship. He staged the scene as a sex-related crime committed by an unknown perpetrator. The second case concerns a young woman who was found dead in Southern Italy in January 2004 with a gunshot on the forehead...
May 16, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779451/mixed-emotions-an-incentive-motivational-model-of-sexual-deviance
#12
Wineke J Smid, Edwin C Wever
Sexual offending behavior is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon. Most existing etiological models describe sexual offending behavior as a variant of offending behavior and mostly include factors referring to disinhibition and sexual deviance. In this article, we argue that there is additional value in describing sexual offending behavior as sexual behavior in terms of an incentive model of sexual motivation. The model describes sexual arousal as an emotion, triggered by a competent stimulus signaling potential reward, and comparable to other emotions coupled with strong bodily reactions...
May 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779064/sex-offender-risk-assessment-where-are-we-and-where-are-we-going
#13
REVIEW
L Maaike Helmus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Risk assessment is one of the most ubiquitous tasks in the criminal justice system, informing virtually every decision made about offenders. This review, intended for researchers and practitioners, outlines some of the most important recent advances, emerging issues, and recommendations in sex offender risk assessment. RECENT FINDINGS: The underlying nature and purpose of risk scales is reviewed, with implications for how we should evaluate them...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777819/7-tesla-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-caudal-anterior-cingulate-and-posterior-cingulate-cortex-atrophy-in-patients-with-trigeminal-neuralgia
#14
Hyeong Cheol Moon, Chan-A Park, Yeong-Jae Jeon, Soon Tae You, Hyun Man Baek, Youn Joo Lee, Chul Beom Cho, Chae Joon Cheong, Young Seok Park
The cingulate cortex (CC) is a brain region that plays a key role in pain processing, but CC abnormalities are not unclear in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN). The purpose of this study was to determine the central causal mechanisms of TN and the surrounding brain structure in healthy controls and patients with TN using 7 Tesla (T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Whole-brain parcellation in gray matter volume and thickness was assessed in 15 patients with TN and 16 healthy controls matched for sex, age, and regional variability using T1-weighted imaging...
May 16, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775135/sex-offender-supervision-communication-training-and-mutual-respect-are-necessary-for-effective-collaboration-between-probation-officers-and-therapists
#15
Nicholas P Newstrom, Michael Miner, Chris Hoefer, R Karl Hanson, Beatrice Bean E Robinson
Developed with the goal of preventing recidivism, contemporary sex offender supervision models focus on collaboration between probation officers and therapists. This exploratory study used focus groups to examine the working relationships between probation officers and therapists from two large U.S. urban probation departments. Overall, both probation officers and therapists were quite positive about their working relationships; they valued each others' roles and agreed that regular, accurate, and timely communication occurred frequently...
May 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768992/the-effect-of-sex-and-perpetrator-victim-relationship-on-perceptions-of-domestic-homicide
#16
Linda C Karlsson, Tuulia Malén, Johanna K Kaakinen, Jan Antfolk
Previous research on how stereotypes affect perceptions of intimate partner violence and domestic homicide has found that violence committed by men is perceived as more severe and judged more harshly than violence committed by women. The present mock jury study investigated how perpetrator sex (male or female), crime type (familicide or filicide), and relatedness between perpetrator and child victims (biological or step) affect laypeople's perceptions of the appropriate consequence of the crime, the reason for the offense, responsibility of the perpetrator, the likelihood of certain background factors being present, and the risk of future violence...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761909/perceptions-of-sex-offenders-with-intellectual-disability-a-comparison-of-forensic-staff-and-the-general-public
#17
Jennifer Steans, Simon Duff
BACKGROUND: Existing literature suggests that individuals with intellectual disability are not always held accountable for their actions and forensic staff are unlikely to report their sexually harmful behaviour. METHOD: This research explores how categorization of an offender as having intellectual disability and the framing of an offence as planned or opportunistic, impacts upon ratings of risk, blame and intent by forensic staff and the general public. The impact of pre-existing attitudes towards sex offenders upon these ratings was also considered...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759034/motives-offending-behavior-and-gender-differences-in-murder-perpetrators-with-or-without-psychosis
#18
Henning Hachtel, Margaret Nixon, Debra Bennett, Paul Mullen, James Ogloff
Little is known whether differences exist in motivation and reactive/instrumental offense behaviors between murder offenders with and without psychotic disorder. To contribute to better prevention strategies, the aim of this study was to investigate offense characteristics in murder offenders with a psychotic, nonpsychotic or no psychiatric diagnosis, and whether these factors differ according to sex. This data study examined the population of murder offenders between 1997 and 2005 ( N = 435) in Victoria, Australia...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756478/outcome-of-serious-violent-offenders-with-psychotic-illness-and-cognitive-disorder-dealt-with-by-the-new-south-wales-criminal-justice-system
#19
Olav Nielssen, Natalia Yl Yee, Kimberlie Dean, Matthew Large
BACKGROUND: The few studies of the recidivism by people with psychotic illness and cognitive disorder who are convicted of serious violent offences and sentenced by the courts. METHOD: Re-imprisonment data were obtained for 661 individuals convicted of serious non-lethal violent offences in the District Courts of New South Wales in the years 2006 and 2007. Rates of re-imprisonment of offenders known to psychotic illness or cognitive disorder (intellectual disability or acquired brain injury) was compared to those not known to have those conditions...
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730965/comparing-women-s-and-men-s-sexual-offending-using-a-statewide-incarcerated-sample-a-two-study-design
#20
Erin B Comartin, Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Sheryl Kubiak, Kimberly A Bender, Poco Kernsmith
This study identifies the characteristics that distinguish between women's and men's sexual offending. We compare women and men currently incarcerated for a sex offense in one state using two data sources: administrative data on sex offenders in the state prison ( N = 9,235) and subsample surveys ( n = 129). Bivariate and logistic regressions were used in these analyses. Women account for a small proportion (1.1%, N = 98) of incarcerated sex offenders. In the population, women and men were convicted of similar types of sex offenses...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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