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HIF and lymphoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866021/curcumin-modulates-glycolytic-metabolism-and-inflammatory-cytokines-via-nrf2-in-dalton-s-lymphoma-ascites-cells-in-vivo
#1
Laxmidhar Das, Manjula Vinayak
BACKGROUND: Warburg effect is characterized by upregulation of HIF-1 and c-Myc regulated LDH-A, even aerobically owing to hypoxic environment and alterations in oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes in cancer. Reduced antioxidant defence system in transformed cells favors higher ROS production, which plays a significant role in carcinogenesis and acts as an important regulator of NF-κB. In addition, various proinflammatory cytokines play active roles in maintenance and progression of cancer...
June 3, 2018: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844571/loss-of-maoa-in-epithelia-inhibits-adenocarcinoma-development-cell-proliferation-and-cancer-stem-cells-in-prostate
#2
Chun-Peng Liao, Tzu-Ping Lin, Pei-Chuan Li, Lauren A Geary, Kevin Chen, Vijaya Pooja Vaikari, Jason Boyang Wu, Chi-Hung Lin, Mitchell E Gross, Jean C Shih
Monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) is a mitochondrial enzyme, which degrades monoamine neurotransmitters and dietary amines and produces H2 O2 . Recent studies have shown increased MAOA expression in prostate cancer (PCa), glioma, and classical Hodgkin lymphoma. However, the biological function of MAOA in cancer development remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of MAOA in the development of prostate adenocarcinoma by creating a prostate-specific Pten/MAOA knockout (KO) mouse model, in which MAOA-floxP mouse was crossed with the conditional Pten KO PCa mouse that develops invasive PCa...
May 29, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806273/-effects-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-on-hypoxic-tolerance-of-human-amniotic-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#3
Lihao Ge, Deshui Yu, Ruichao Su, Yang Cao
Objective: Under hypoxic conditions, the survival and apoptosis of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) were observed by transient transfection of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) gene, to investigate the effect of HIF-1α on hypoxic tolerance of hAMSCs. Methods: The hAMSCs were isolated and cultured from amniotic membrane tissue from voluntary donors who were treated with cesarean section. And the morphological observation by inverted phase contrast microscope and immunofluorescence detection of the expressions of stem cell markers OCT-4 and NANOG were performed to identify the cultured cells...
March 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805520/analysis-of-the-in-vitro-effects-of-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-exposure-on-human-uterine-leiomyoma-cells
#4
Jin Hee Kim
Uterine leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor type of the female reproductive tract. Despite its high prevalence, the exact pathogenesis of the benign tumor remains unknown. In the present study, the effects of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) on the proliferation and apoptosis rates and expression of inflammatory proteins in human leiomyoma cells were evaluated. The effects of DEHP on cell viability were determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. The effects on apoptosis were evaluated by western blotting, TUNEL assay and Annexin V staining...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780898/sumoylation-and-phosphorylation-cross-talk-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
REVIEW
Maria Lauda Tomasi, Komal Ramani
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver and occurs predominantly in patients with underlying chronic liver disease and cirrhosis. The large spectrum of protein post-translational modification (PTM) includes numerous critical signaling events that occur during neoplastic transformation. PTMs occur to nearly all proteins and increase the functional diversity of proteins. We have reviewed the role of two major PTMs, SUMOylation and phosphorylation, in the altered signaling of key players in HCC...
2018: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749460/role-of-txndc5-in-tumorigenesis-of-colorectal-cancer-cells-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-evidence
#6
Fengbo Tan, Hong Zhu, Xiao He, Nanhui Yu, Xingwen Zhang, Haifan Xu, Haiping Pei
Thioredoxin domain‑containing 5 (TXNDC5) is reportedly overexpressed in colorectal cancer (CRC) and is therefore considered an oncogene. However, the role of TXNDC5 in CRC tumorigenesis remains unclear. The present study aimed to explore the role of TXNDC5 in CRC tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo under hypoxic and normoxic conditions. Analyses of patient tissue samples revealed a positive association between the expression of hypoxia‑inducible factor‑1α (HIF‑1α) or TXNDC5 and the TNM stage of CRC...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436688/necrostatin-1-protects-c2c12-myotubes-from-cocl2-induced-hypoxia
#7
Rui Chen, Jiehua Xu, Yanling She, Ting Jiang, Shanyao Zhou, Huacai Shi, Cheng Li
Necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) is a selective and potent allosteric inhibitor of necroptosis by specifically inhibiting the activity of receptor‑interacting protein (RIP) 1 kinase. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of Nec‑1 on an anoxia model comprising mouse skeletal C2C12 myotubes. In the present study, a hypoxic mimetic reagent, cobalt chloride (CoCl2), was used to induce hypoxia in C2C12 myotubes. The cytotoxic effects of CoCl2‑induced hypoxia were determined by a Cell Counting kit‑8 assay and flow cytometry...
May 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416753/co-targeting-of-tiam1-rac1-and-notch-ameliorates-chemoresistance-against-doxorubicin-in-a-biomimetic-3d-lymphoma-model
#8
Muhammad Ikram, Yeseon Lim, Sun-Yong Baek, Songwan Jin, Young Hun Jeong, Jong-Young Kwak, Sik Yoon
Lymphoma is a heterogeneous disease with a highly variable clinical course and prognosis. Improving the prognosis for patients with relapsed and treatment-resistant lymphoma remains challenging. Current in vitro drug testing models based on 2D cell culture lack natural tissue-like structural organization and result in disappointing clinical outcomes. The development of efficient drug testing models using 3D cell culture that more accurately reflects in vivo behaviors is vital. Our aim was to establish an in vitro 3D lymphoma model that can imitate the in vivo 3D lymphoma microenvironment...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365089/stat5-dependent-cardioprotection-in-late-remote-ischaemia-preconditioning
#9
Hui Chen, Xin-Yue Jing, Yu-Jun Shen, Tian-Lin Wang, Chen Ou, Sheng-Feng Lu, Yun Cai, Qian Li, Xia Chen, Ya-Juan Ding, Xiao-Chun Yu, Bing-Mei Zhu
Aims: To study the protective effects of late remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) against myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and determine whether Stat5 is involved in this protection by using cardiomyocyte-specific Stat5 knockout mice (Stat5-cKO). Methods and results: Mice were exposed to lower limb RIPC or sham ischaemia. After 24 h, the left anterior descending artery (LAD) was ligated for 30 min, then reperfused for 180 min. The myocardial infarct size (IS), apoptotic rate of cardiomyocytes, and serum myocardial enzymes were measured to evaluate for cardioprotective effects...
April 1, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300322/mutations-in-emt-related-genes-in-alk-positive-crizotinib-resistant-non-small-cell-lung-cancers
#10
Jiacong Wei, Anthonie J van der Wekken, Ali Saber, Miente M Terpstra, Ed Schuuring, Wim Timens, T Jeroen N Hiltermann, Harry J M Groen, Anke van den Berg, Klaas Kok
Crizotinib is an effective drug for patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but upon treatment, the tumors inevitably become crizotinib resistant in time. The resistance mechanisms are only partly understood. In this study, we aim to identify gene mutations associated with resistance in ALKpositive advanced non-squamous NSCLC treated with crizotinib. Four ALK positive patients with progressive disease following crizotinib treatment were identified with paired pre- and post-crizotinib tumor tissue from our previously published cohort...
January 4, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277791/strong-prolyl-hydroxylase-domain-1-expression-predicts-poor-outcome-in-radiotherapy-treated-patients-with-classical-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#11
Hamid Bur, Kirsi-Maria Haapasaari, Taina Turpeenniemi-Hujanen, Outi Kuittinen, Päivi Auvinen, Katja Marin, Ylermi Soini, Peeter Karihtala
BACKGROUND: Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) and prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD) proteins control cellular oxygen homeostasis and a wide range of other processes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We immunohistochemically assessed the expression of HIF1α, HIF2α, PHD1, PHD2 and PHD3 in 115 cases of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma, all treated in the first line with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine and darcabazine (ABVD) chemotherapy. RESULTS: In advanced-stage patients treated with involved-field radiotherapy (IFRT), nuclear HIF1α expression in reactive cellular infiltrate predicted prolonged relapse-free survival (RFS) (p=0...
January 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131087/deferoxamine-induced-migration-and-odontoblast-differentiation-via-ros-dependent-autophagy-in-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#12
Xuan Wang, Tian Tian Wu, Long Jiang, Du Rong, Ya Qin Zhu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: As a vital degradation and recycling system, autophagy plays an essential role in regulating the differentiation of stem cells. We previously showed that iron chelator deferoxamine (DFO) could promote the repair ability of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). Here, we investigated the effect of DFO in autophagy and the role of autophagy in regulating the migration and odontoblast differentiation of DPSCs. METHODS: Transmission electron microscopy, immunofluorescence staining and western blotting were performed to evaluate the autophagic activity of DPSCs...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922425/hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-alpha-as-a-therapeutic-target-for-primary-effusion-lymphoma
#13
Prabha Shrestha, David A Davis, Ravindra P Veeranna, Robert F Carey, Coralie Viollet, Robert Yarchoan
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma with poor prognosis caused by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). Previous studies have revealed that HIF-1α, which mediates much of the cellular response to hypoxia, plays an important role in life cycle of KSHV. KSHV infection promotes HIF-1α activity, and several KSHV genes are in turn activated by HIF-1α. In this study, we investigated the effects of knocking down HIF-1α in PELs. We observed that HIF-1α knockdown in each of two PEL lines leads to a reduction in both aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis as well as lipid biogenesis, indicating that HIF-1α is necessary for maintaining a metabolic state optimal for growth of PEL...
September 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912871/paeonol-enhances-the-sensitivity-of-human-ovarian-cancer-cells-to-radiotherapy-induced-apoptosis-due-to-downregulation-of-the-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-akt-phosphatase-and-tensin-homolog-pathway-and-inhibition-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor
#14
Hai-Mei Zhou, Qin-Xiang Sun, Yan Cheng
Radiotherapy is a vital and effective method to treat solid tumors. However, in many tumor types, development of resistance of cancer cells and cytotoxicity in normal tissues presents a major therapeutic problem. It is therefore crucial to identify and develop novel sensitizing agents that may improve the response to radiation therapy without causing any adverse effects. The present study aimed to investigate whether paeonol, a bioactive flavonoid, was able to confer sensitivity to radiation in human ovarian cancer cells...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842748/pd-l1-expression-correlates-with-vegf-and-microvessel-density-in-patients-with-uniformly-treated-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma
#15
Young Wha Koh, Jae-Ho Han, Dok Hyun Yoon, Cheolwon Suh, Jooryung Huh
Recent studies have reported the associations between programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) or PD-L2/PD-1 pathways and pro-angiogenic genes including hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in several malignancies. However, no study has examined the relationship or prognostic implication of PD-L1, PD-L2, PD-1, VEGF expression, and microvessel density (MVD) in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) patients. Diagnostic tissues from 109 patients with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine-treated cHL were evaluated retrospectively by immunohistochemical analysis for PD-L1, PD-L2, PD-1, VEGF expression, and for CD31 expression as a measure of MVD...
November 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837676/alk-signaling-cascade-confers-multiple-advantages-to-glioblastoma-cells-through-neovascularization-and-cell-proliferation
#16
Risako Chiba, Masashi Akiya, Miki Hashimura, Yasuko Oguri, Madoka Inukai, Atsuko Hara, Makoto Saegusa
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), which is a receptor tyrosine kinase, is essentially and transiently expressed in the developing nervous system. Here we examined the functional role of the ALK gene in glioblastomas (GBMs). In clinical samples of GBMs, high ALK expression without gene rearrangements or mutations was frequently observed in perivascular lesions, in contrast to the relatively low expression in the perinecrotic areas, which was positively correlated with N-myc and phosphorylated (p) Stat3 scores and Ki-67 labeling indices...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762556/nadph-oxidase-5-nox5-induced-reactive-oxygen-signaling-modulates-normoxic-hif-1%C3%AE-and-p27-kip1-expression-in-malignant-melanoma-and-other-human-tumors
#17
Smitha Antony, Guojian Jiang, Yongzhong Wu, Jennifer L Meitzler, Hala R Makhlouf, Diana C Haines, Donna Butcher, Dave S Hoon, Jiuping Ji, Yiping Zhang, Agnes Juhasz, Jiamo Lu, Han Liu, Iris Dahan, Mariam Konate, Krishnendu K Roy, James H Doroshow
NADPH oxidase 5 (NOX5) generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in signaling cascades that regulate cancer cell proliferation. To evaluate and validate NOX5 expression in human tumors, we screened a broad range of tissue microarrays (TMAs), and report substantial overexpression of NOX5 in malignant melanoma and cancers of the prostate, breast, and ovary. In human UACC-257 melanoma cells that possesses high levels of functional endogenous NOX5, overexpression of NOX5 resulted in enhanced cell growth, increased numbers of BrdU positive cells, and increased γ-H2AX levels...
December 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666189/oral-metronomic-topotecan-sensitizes-crizotinib-antitumor-activity-in-alk-f1174l-drug-resistant-neuroblastoma-preclinical-models
#18
Libo Zhang, Bing Wu, Sylvain Baruchel
BACKGROUND: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor crizotinib has proven to be effective in the treatment of ALK-mutated neuroblastoma, but crizotinib resistance was commonly observed in patients. We aimed to overcome crizotinib resistance by combining with the MEK inhibitor trametinib or low-dose metronomic (LDM) topotecan in preclinical neuroblastoma models. METHODS: We selected a panel of neuroblastoma cell lines carrying various ALK genetic aberrations to assess the therapeutic efficacy on cell proliferation in vitro...
August 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617871/hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-plays-roles-in-epstein-barr-virus-s-natural-life-cycle-and-tumorigenesis-by-inducing-lytic-infection-through-direct-binding-to-the-immediate-early-bzlf1-gene-promoter
#19
Richard J Kraus, Xianming Yu, Blue-Leaf A Cordes, Saraniya Sathiamoorthi, Tawin Iempridee, Dhananjay M Nawandar, Shidong Ma, James C Romero-Masters, Kyle G McChesney, Zhen Lin, Kathleen R Makielski, Denis L Lee, Paul F Lambert, Eric C Johannsen, Shannon C Kenney, Janet E Mertz
When confronted with poor oxygenation, cells adapt by activating survival signaling pathways, including the oxygen-sensitive transcriptional regulators called hypoxia-inducible factor alphas (HIF-αs). We report here that HIF-1α also regulates the life cycle of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Incubation of EBV-positive gastric carcinoma AGS-Akata and SNU-719 and Burkitt lymphoma Sal and KemIII cell lines with a prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor, L-mimosine or deferoxamine, or the NEDDylation inhibitor MLN4924 promoted rapid and sustained accumulation of both HIF-1α and lytic EBV antigens...
June 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592433/bifurcated-bach2-control-coordinates-mantle-cell-lymphoma-survival-and-dispersal-during-hypoxia
#20
Han Zhang, Zheng Chen, Roberto N Miranda, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Nami McCarty
BACH2, a B-cell-specific transcription factor, plays a critical role in oxidative stress-mediated drug resistance in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL); however, the biological functions of BACH2 and its regulation of B-cell malignancies in chronic hypoxic microenvironment have not been studied. Here, we found that silencing BACH2 led to not only increased tumor formation and colony formation but also increased tumor dispersal to spleen and bone marrow. Decreased BACH2 levels in patients were also correlated with bone marrow and gastrointestinal dispersal of MCL and blastoid subtypes of MCL...
August 10, 2017: Blood
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