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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227615/smart-monitoring-of-fluid-intake-and-bladder-voiding-using-pressure-sensitive-mats
#1
Madison Cohen-McFarlane, James R Green, Frank Knoefel, Rafik Goubran, Madison Cohen-McFarlane, James R Green, Frank Knoefel, Rafik Goubran, Frank Knoefel, Madison Cohen-McFarlane, Rafik Goubran, James R Green
Pressure sensitive mats have been used in noninvasive smart monitoring for a variety of problems including breathing rate monitoring, sleep monitoring, mobility, and weight. This paper describes a proof of concept application of pressure mats to monitor fluid intake/output (fluid cycle) events during the night. The ability to more accurately track such events has potential implications for monitoring those individuals who have nocturia, a condition where a person wakes at night to urinate. Data were collected from a healthy young female subject instructed to drink as much water as was comfortable (700mL) and lie in a supine position on a mattress located directly on three pressure mats...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218410/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-tolvaptan-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-phase-2-trials-for-dose-selection-in-the-pivotal-phase-3-trial
#2
Susan E Shoaf, Arlene B Chapman, Vicente E Torres, John Ouyang, Frank S Czerwiec
In the pivotal TEMPO 3:4 trial, the arginine vasopressin V2-receptor antagonist tolvaptan reduced the rate of kidney growth in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Tolvaptan was initiated as daily morning/afternoon doses of 45/15 mg, and uptitrated weekly to 60/30 mg and 90/30 mg according to patient-reported tolerability. The current report describes 3 phase 2 trials in adult autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease subjects that were the basis for the titrated split-dose regimen: a single ascending-dose trial (tolvaptan 15 to 120 mg; n = 11), a multiple split-dose trial (tolvaptan 15/15 mg, 30/0 mg, 30/15 mg, and 30/30 mg; n = 37), and an 8-week open-label safety and efficacy trial in 46 of the 48 subjects who participated in the prior 2 trials (tolvaptan 30/15 mg, 45/15 mg, 60/30 mg, and 90/30 mg)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217508/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-type-2-diabetes-and-impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-glycemic-control
#3
Javid Ahmad Malik, Shariq Rashid Masoodi, Sheikh Shoib
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are two interacting epidemics both with high prevalence and morbidity. Both epidemiologic and clinical studies suggest that the majority of patients with T2DM also have OSA and untreated OSA in these patients results in poor glycemic control leading to acceleration of diabetes-related complications. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and severity of OSA in T2DM patients and to assess the impact of OSA treatment on presenting symptoms and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204876/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-adherence-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-symptomatic-bph
#4
Ramesh V V S Metta, Awais Zaka, Vincent C Lee, M Jeffery Mador
Purpose To determine the short-term and long-term adherence rates with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy in sleep apnea patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) compared to matched controls. Methods A case-control retrospective analysis was performed in a veterans affairs hospital. All symptomatic patients with BPH (n = 107) ever started on CPAP therapy between 2006 and 2012 were compared with controls matched for severity of sleep apnea (AHI). Adherence measures were obtained at the third and twelfth month visits...
February 16, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197893/gender-differences-in-clinical-and-polysomnographic-features-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-clinical-study-of-2827-patients
#5
Ozen K Basoglu, Mehmet Sezai Tasbakan
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is underdiagnosed in females due to different clinical presentation. We aimed to determine the effect of gender on clinical and polysomnographic features and identify predictors of OSA in women. METHODS: Differences in demographic, clinical, and polysomnographic parameters between 2052 male and 775 female OSA patients were compared. RESULTS: In female OSA patients, age (56.1 ± 9.7 vs. 50.4 ± 11...
February 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195356/efficacy-of-onabotulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-pediatric-patients-with-non-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity
#6
Omer Bayrak, Erkan Sadioglu, Haluk Sen, Kazim Dogan, Sakip Erturhan, Ilker Seckiner
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness and reliability of onabotulinum toxin A (onaBoNT-A) injections in pediatric patients with non-neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NNDO). METHODS: Between January 2010 and February 2016, 39 patients underwent onaBoNT-A injections for NNDO, and were evaluated retrospectively. Three-day voiding diary was filled at baseline, and at the postoperative 9th month. The voiding frequency, incontinence episodes, and the cystometric capacity were noted...
February 14, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193128/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-erectile-dysfunction-and-quality-of-life-in-poststroke-men
#7
Sigrid Tibaek, Gunvor Gard, Christian Dehlendorff, Helle K Iversen, Fin Biering-Soerensen, Rigmor H Jensen
The aim of the current study was to compare lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), erectile dysfunction (ED), and quality of life (QoL) in poststroke and healthy men. Thirty poststroke men with stroke-related LUTS, and as controls, 96 healthy men participated in this controlled, cross-sectional study. Participants filled in the Danish Prostate Symptom Score (DAN-PSS-1) Questionnaire, the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5), the 36-Item Short Form (SF-36), the Nocturia Quality-of-Life (N-QoL) Questionnaire...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169449/a-questionnaire-survey-to-assess-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#8
Minoru Miyazato, Takeshi Tana, Akira Higa, Kiyoshi Wakugami, Takashi Tokashiki, Hirokuni Sakima, Aiwa Maehara, Asuka Ashikari, Takuma Oshiro, Yusuke Ohya, Seiichi Saito
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms and the associated clinical features in patients with chronic stroke. METHODS: Patients with stroke who had been regularly followed up at general medical hospitals in Okinawa, Japan were enrolled in the study. The patients were asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire regarding their physical activity, medical history, and the core lower urinary tract symptom score (CLSS) questionnaire, with anonymity...
February 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160499/clinical-effects-of-formulated-food-of-peucedanum-japonicum-extract-and-saw-palmetto-extract-in-male-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#9
Shinji Kageyama, Masanori Beppu, Hiromu Ohnogi, Sayaka Miyazaki, Akihiro Haruno, Yoshihiko Ito, Shizuo Yamada
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate changes over time in subjective symptom scores and urination parameters before and after oral administration of formulated food containing a combination of Peucedanum japonicum (P. japonicum) extract and saw palmetto extract (SPE) in male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). METHODS: This study was conducted in an open label manner on male patients with untreated LUTS. The urination state of patients was evaluated before and after administration of food formulated with P...
February 4, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154882/transperineal-gold-marker-implantation-for-image-guided-external-beam-radiotherapy-of-prostate-cancer-a-single-institution-prospective-study
#10
Kliton Jorgo, Péter Ágoston, Tibor Major, Zoltán Takácsi-Nagy, Csaba Polgár
PURPOSE: To present the feasibility and complications of transperineal fiducial marker implantation in prostate cancer patients undergoing image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between November 2011 and April 2016, three radiopaque, gold-plated markers were transperineally implanted into the prostate of 300 patients under transrectal ultrasound guidance and with local anaesthesia. A week after the procedure patients filled in a questionnaire regarding pain, dysuria, urinary frequency, nocturia, rectal bleeding, hematuria, hematospermia or fever symptoms caused by the implantation...
February 2, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150436/efficacy-and-safety-of-gabapentin-in-comparison-to-solifenacin-succinate-in-adult-overactive-bladder-treatment
#11
Michael E Chua, Manuel C See, Ednalyn B Esmeňa, Jaime C Balingit, Marcelino L Morales
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of gabapentin in comparison to solifenacin succinate and placebo for the treatment of adult patients with overactive bladder (OAB). METHOD: A 12-week, randomized, double-blind, double dummy placebo-controlled, clinical trial was conducted between October 2010 and August 2014 at a tertiary medical center. Eligible and consenting patients included were randomized into three treatment groups (placebo, gabapentin and solifenacin)...
February 2, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150028/which-bladder-instillations-are-more-effective-dmso-vs-bupivacaine-heparin-triamcinolone-a-retrospective-study
#12
Shilpa Iyer, Elizabeth Lotsof, Ying Zhou, Alexis Tran, Carolyn Botros, Peter Sand, Roger Goldberg, Janet Tomezsko, Adam Gafni-Kane, Sylvia Botros
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) is a chronic and debilitating condition. Our objective was to compare two different bladder instillation treatments in patients with BPS/IC: dimethyl sulfoxide with triamcinolone (DMSO) vs. bupivacaine with heparin and triamcinolone (B/H/T). Our hypothesis was that both treatments are equally effective. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of instillation-naïve patients was conducted comparing responses to either DMSO or B/H/T at our tertiary urogynecology center from 2012 to 2014...
February 1, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139743/analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-nocturia-in-adult-korean-men
#13
So Young Kim, Woojin Bang, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
This study investigated the prevalence of and factors associated with nocturia in Korean men. A total of 92,626 participants aged between 19 and 103 years from the 2011 Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS) were enrolled. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses with complex sampling investigated participants' personal health and socioeconomic and disease factors. The prevalence of nocturia ≥1 time and ≥2 times/night was 41.8% and 17.6%, respectively, and nocturia increased with age (1.44 [1.39-1...
January 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137518/complementary-therapy-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-blood-sugar-control-in-a-patient-with-type-1-diabetes
#14
Ming-Huei Cheng, Ching-Liang Hsieh, Chih-Yu Wang, Chin-Chuan Tsai, Che-Chang Kuo
OBJECTIVE: Using a case study to discuss the effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatments on Type 1 diabetes mellitus. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 4-year-old girl with sudden polyuria and nocturia (fasting plasma glucose level: 270mg/dL) was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Although multiple daily insulin injections were applied, her plasma glucose levels were still unstable. Therefore, she received a complementary TCM therapy by taking modified Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan (3...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129482/nocturia-increases-the-incidence-of-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-heijo-kyo-cohort
#15
Kenji Obayashi, Keigo Saeki, Hiromitsu Negoro, Norio Kurumatani
OBJECTIVES: Previous epidemiological studies have suggested a cross-sectional association between nocturia and depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between nocturia and the incidence of depressive symptoms. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Of 1127 participants in the HEIJO-KYO population-based cohort, 866 elderly individuals (mean age, 71.5 years) without depressive symptoms at baseline were followed for a median period of 23 months...
January 27, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124536/a-prospective-randomized-controlled-multicentre-trial-comparing-intravesical-dmso-and-chondro%C3%A3-tin-sulphate-2-for-painful-bladder-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis
#16
Manuela Tutolo, Enrico Ammirati, Giulia Castagna, Katrien Klockaerts, Hendrik Plancke, Dieter Ost, Frank Van der Aa, Dirk De Ridder
OBJECTIVE: To compare effectiveness of intravesical chondroïtin sulphate (CS) 2% and dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) 50% in patients with painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis (PBS/IC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive either 6 weekly instillations of CS 2% or 50% DMSO. Primary endpoint was difference in proportion of patients achieving score 6 (moderately improved) or 7 (markedly improved) in both groups using the Global Response Assessment (GRA) scale...
January 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124534/percutaneous-tibial-nerve-stimulation-versus-electrical-stimulation-with-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-overactive-bladder-syndrome-in-women-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Carlo Vecchioli Scaldazza, Carolina Morosetti, Rosita Giampieretti, Rossana Lorenzetti, Marinella Baroni
INTRODUCTION: This study compared percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) versus electrical stimulation with pelvic floor muscle training (ES + PFMT) in women with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 women with OAB were enrolled. Patients were randomized into two groups. In group A, women underwent ES with PFMT, in group B women underwent PTNS. RESULTS: A statistically significant reduction in the number of daily micturitions, episodes of nocturia and urge incontinence was found in the two groups but the difference was more substantial in women treated with PTNS; voided volume increased in both groups...
January 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120450/an-investigation-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-women-aged-40-and-over
#18
Neziha Sever, Umran Oskay
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and associated risk factors in women aged 40 years and over. METHODS: The study was carried out with a total of 312 women. The data were collected between 1 January 2009 and 30 July 2010. As research instruments, an interview form of 19 questions that questioned personal characteristics and was developed by researchers, and the Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (BFLUTS) Questionnaire evaluating lower urinary tract symptoms were used...
January 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114808/comorbidity-between-idiopathic-overactive-bladder-and-chronic-migraine
#19
Marta L Ramos, Carmen García-Cabo, Rogelio Leira, Clara Domínguez, Patricia Pozo-Rosich, Carme Vila, Miguel J Laínez, Julio Pascual
Objective We tested whether overactive bladder (OAB) and chronic migraine (CM) could be comorbid. Patients and methods CM women, aged 40-69 years, answered a validated OAB questionnaire. Prevalence data were compared with those reported in our country in the general population (GP) using the same questionnaire. Results We interviewed 231 CM women. Eighty-four met OAB criteria. OAB prevalence in CM patients was significantly higher than that found in the GP (36.4% vs. 21.8% in the GP; p = 0.0001). There were 34 CM women aged 40-49 years (34...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114247/neuroendocrine-dysfunction-in-a-young-athlete-with-concussion-a-case-report
#20
David M Langelier, Gregory A Kline, Chantel T Debert
An 18-year-old female ringette and basketball player presented to our sport concussion clinic 27 months after concussion with fatigue, headache, exercise intolerance, polyuria, nocturia, and difficulties concentrating. Her history was remarkable for 4 previous concussions. Her neurologic examination was normal. Neuroendocrine screen including thyroid function, morning cortisol, glucose, and insulin-like growth factor-1 (screening test for growth hormone deficiency) were normal. Further testing for growth hormone deficiency with an insulin hypoglycemia test revealed severe growth hormone deficiency...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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