keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Target to treat diabetes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332315/comparison-of-treatment-strategies-for-femoro-popliteal-disease-a-network-meta-analysis
#1
Edward Koifman, Michael J Lipinski, Kyle Buchanan, Won Yu Kang, Ricardo O Escarcega, Ron Waksman, Nelson L Bernardo
OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare treatment strategies in a Bayesian network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a prevalent morbidity that is treated with various strategies. METHODS: We performed a MEDLINE search for randomized studies comparing at least 2 treatment strategies, including bypass surgery, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) balloons, stents, covered stents, drug-eluting stents (DES), and drug-coated balloons (DCB), in patients with native femoro-popliteal disease...
January 14, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332196/bioelectronic-modulation-of-carotid-sinus-nerve-activity-in-the-rat-a-potential-therapeutic-approach-for-type-2-diabetes
#2
Joana F Sacramento, Daniel J Chew, Bernardete F Melo, Matteo Donegá, Wesley Dopson, Maria P Guarino, Alison Robinson, Jesus Prieto-Lloret, Sonal Patel, Bradley J Holinski, Nishan Ramnarain, Victor Pikov, Kristoffer Famm, Silvia V Conde
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: A new class of treatments termed bioelectronic medicines are now emerging that aim to target individual nerve fibres or specific brain circuits in pathological conditions to repair lost function and reinstate a healthy balance. Carotid sinus nerve (CSN) denervation has been shown to improve glucose homeostasis in insulin-resistant and glucose-intolerant rats; however, these positive effects from surgery appear to diminish over time and are heavily caveated by the severe adverse effects associated with permanent loss of chemosensory function...
January 14, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331760/inotodiol-suppresses-proliferation-of-breast-cancer-in-rat-model-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-via-downregulation-of-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#3
Xia Zhang, Cuiyu Bao, Jingping Zhang
Breast cancer is amongst the most common cancers causing death of women worldwide. Breast cancer occurrence is more prominent in people with diabetes. A recent trend is management of diabetes and cancer has evolved to be natural remedy including single molecule therapy or combination. In this study, we investigated the effect of inotodiol on breast cancer growth in diabetic conditions. Inotodiol is a lanostane triterpenoid found in natural resources like edible mushroom Inonotus obliquus. We established a rat model of diabetic-breast cancer by treating female Sprague-Dawley rats with streptazotocin (STZ) at 35 mg/kg followed by induction of breast cancer by administration of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) at 10 mg/kg...
January 10, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327131/renal-vein-thrombosis-complicating-severe-acute-pyelonephritis-with-renal-abscesses-and-associated-bacteraemia-caused-by-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli
#4
Stelios F Assimakopoulos, Pantelis Kraniotis, Charalambos Gogos, Markos Marangos
Acute pyelonephritis might be complicated by the formation of renal and perirenal abscesses and very rarely by renal vein thrombosis, which is a life-threatening condition. The main causative agents of acute pyelonephritis are enterobacteriaceae with the incidence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing strains increasing worldwide. We present the case of a 71-year-old Greek man with history of diabetes mellitus and recent hospitalization, who suffered from severe pyelonephritis with renal abscesses formation and associated bacteraemia caused by ESBL-producing Escherichia coli, complicated by extensive thrombosis of the ipsilateral renal vein and its branches, protruding also in the inferior venal cava...
January 11, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325602/bile-acid-metabolism-in-liver-pathobiology
#5
John Y L Chiang, Jessica M Ferrell
Bile acids facilitate intestinal nutrient absorption and biliary cholesterol secretion to maintain bile acid homeostasis, which is essential for protecting liver and other tissues and cells from cholesterol and bile acid toxicity. Bile acid metabolism is tightly regulated by bile acid synthesis in the liver and bile acid biotransformation in the intestine. Bile acids are endogenous ligands that activate a complex network of nuclear receptor farnesoid X receptor and membrane G protein-coupled bile acid receptor-1 to regulate hepatic lipid and glucose metabolic homeostasis and energy metabolism...
January 11, 2018: Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324316/microrna-145-alleviates-high-glucose-induced-proliferation-and-migration-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-through-targeting-rock1
#6
Mantian Chen, Yi Zhang, Wei Li, Jieying Yang
The excessive proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are important steps in atherosclerosis. The present study aimed to investigate whether the high glucose-induced changes of VSCMs are mediated by miR-145 and the potential molecular mechanism involved. We found that loss of miR-145 accompanied with increased proliferation and migration was observed in cultured human VSMCs exposed to high glucose. Exogenous overexpression of miR-145 effectively suppressed the high glucose-induced excessive proliferation and migration of VSMCs...
January 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322610/safety-and-efficacy-of-once-weekly-semaglutide-versus-additional-oral-antidiabetic-drugs-in-japanese-subjects-with-inadequately-controlled-t2d-a-randomised-trial
#7
Kohei Kaku, Yuichiro Yamada, Hirotaka Watada, Atsuko Abiko, Tomoyuki Nishida, Jeppe Zacho, Arihiro Kiyosue
AIMS: Semaglutide is a glucagon-like peptide 1 analogue in development for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Safety and efficacy of once-weekly subcutaneous semaglutide as monotherapy or combined with an oral antidiabetic drug (OAD) vs an additional OAD was evaluated in Japanese subjects with T2D inadequately controlled on diet/exercise or OAD monotherapy. METHODS: In this phase 3, open-label trial, adults with T2D were randomised 2:2:1 to semaglutide 0.5 mg or 1.0 mg, or one additional OAD (dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, biguanide, sulphonylurea, glinide, α-glucosidase inhibitor or thiazolidinedione) with different modes of action...
January 11, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322013/dillenia-indica-l-attenuates-diabetic-nephropathy-via-inhibition-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-accumulation-in-stz-nicotinamide-induced-diabetic-rats
#8
Navpreet Kaur, Lalit Kishore, Randhir Singh
The present study was aimed to evaluate advanced glycation end products (AGEs) inhibitory activity of alcohol and hydro-alcohol extract (DAE and DHE) of Dillenia indica L. (Family: Dilleniaceae) and its potential in treatment of diabetic nephropathy by targeting markers of oxidative stress. D. indica was evaluated for its in vitro inhibitory activity against formation of AGEs by using bovine serum albumin. Diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats by streptozotocin (65 mg/kg i.p.) 15 min after nicotinamide (230 mg/kg, i...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319180/wisp1-promotes-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-skeletal-muscle-insulin-resistance-via-tlr4-jnk-signaling
#9
Tae Woo Jung, Changmuk Kang, Jiwon Goh, Soo In Chae, Hyoung-Chun Kim, Tae Jin Lee, A M Abd El-Aty, Ji Hoon Jeong
Wnt1-inducible signaling pathway protein-1 (WISP1) is a Cyr61/CTGF/NOV (CCN) family matricellular protein involved in adipogenesis and low-grade inflammation in obesity. However, the roles of WISP1 in hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle remain elusive. Mouse primary hepatocytes and differentiated mouse skeletal muscle cells (C2C12) were treated with various concentrations of WISP1 and the functions and signaling pathways were analyzed by Western blot analysis. In vivo transfection for WISP1 knockdown was also performed to examine the effects of WISP1 on hepatic steatosis and skeletal muscle insulin resistance...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319171/the-key-genes-underlying-pathophysiology-association-between-the-type-2-diabetic-and-colorectal-cancer
#10
Wen-Fang Peng, Feng Bai, Kan Shao, Li-Sha Shen, Hui-Hua Li, Shan Huang
Althoughdiabetes mellitus (DM) is reported as an independent risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC) in many researches, the underlying pathophysiology is still unclear. We investigated the differentiallyexpressedgenes (DEGs)for the diabetes and CRC to reveal the underlying pathophysiological association between the type 2-diabetic (T2D) and CRC. Gene expression profiles for T2D (GSE55650), CRC (GSE8671) and Metformin treated cell lines (GSE67342) were downloaded from GEO database. The DEGs between T2D samples and their control samples were identified with t-test and variance analysis...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318537/glucose-control-and-weight-change-associated-with-treatment-with-exenatide-compared-with-basal-insulin-a%C3%A2-retrospective-study
#11
Christopher Ll Morgan, Qing Qiao, Susan Grandy, Kristina Johnsson, Sara Jenkins-Jones, Sarah Holden, Craig J Currie
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to compare glycemic and weight change outcomes for type 2 diabetes patients treated with either exenatide once-weekly (EQW) or exenatide twice-daily (EBID) with those patients treated with basal insulin (BI). METHODS: Retrospective data (2010-2014) were extracted from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, a UK primary care database. Patients previously naïve to injectable therapy initiating EQW, EBID, or BI were extracted and matched by propensity score within two analyses (EQW vs BI and EBID vs BI)...
January 9, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318388/h-atpase-blockade-reduced-renal-gluconeogenesis-and-plasma-glucose-in-a-diabetic-rat-model
#12
Akihiro Tojo, Saaya Hatakeyama, Masaomi Nangaku, Toshihiko Ishimitsu
Vacuolar H+-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) plays important roles in urinary acid excretion, vesicular acidification to activate enzymes, and the membrane recycling of transporters in the kidney. As acidosis stimulates renal gluconeogenesis, we investigated the effect of blockade of H+-ATPase on renal gluconeogenesis in diabetic rats. Diabetes mellitus was induced by a single injection of streptozotocin, and a group of DM rats was treated with bafilomycin B1 intraperitoneally for 8 days. In diabetic rats, the renal expression and activity of H+-ATPase were increased with elevated urinary ammonium excretion...
January 9, 2018: Medical Molecular Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316130/efficacy-and-safety-of-fast-acting-insulin-aspart-in-comparison-with-insulin-aspart-in-type-1-diabetes-onset%C3%A2-1-a-52-week-randomized-treat-to-target-phase%C3%A2-3-trial
#13
Chantal Mathieu, Bruce W Bode, Edward Franek, Athena Philis-Tsimikas, Ludger Rose, Tina Graungaard, Anne Birk Østerskov, David Russell-Jones
AIMS: Compare safety and efficacy of fast-acting insulin aspart (faster aspart) with conventional insulin aspart (IAsp) in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D). MATERIALS AND METHODS: onset 1 was a randomized, multicentre, treat-to-target, phase 3, 52-week (initial 26 weeks + additional 26 weeks) trial conducted at 165 sites across nine countries. Adults with T1D were randomly allocated to double-blind mealtime faster aspart or IAsp, each with once- or twice-daily insulin detemir...
January 8, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315246/recent-advances-in-electrochemical-biosensors-based-on-enzyme-inhibition-for-clinical-and-pharmaceutical-applications
#14
REVIEW
Loubna El Harrad, Ilhame Bourais, Hasna Mohammadi, Aziz Amine
A large number of enzyme inhibitors are used as drugs to treat several diseases such as gout, diabetes, AIDS, depression, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases. Electrochemical biosensors based on enzyme inhibition are useful devices for an easy, fast and environment friendly monitoring of inhibitors like drugs. In the last decades, electrochemical biosensors have shown great potentials in the detection of different drugs like neostigmine, ketoconazole, donepezil, allopurinol and many others. They attracted increasing attention due to the advantage of being high sensitive and accurate analytical tools, able to reach low detection limits and the possibility to be performed on real samples...
January 9, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312591/metformin-sensitizes-lung-cancer-cells-to-treatment-by-the-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-erlotinib
#15
Xiaofei Wang, Keqiang Chen, Ying Yu, Yi Xiang, Jae Hong Kim, Wanghua Gong, Jiaqiang Huang, Guochao Shi, Qingyun Li, Min Zhou, Thomas Sayers, Poonam Tewary, Beili Gao, Ji Ming Wang
Lung cancer is one of the deadliest malignant tumors with limited treatment options. Although targeted therapy, using tyrosine-kinase inhibitors such as erlotinib (Erlo), has shown therapeutic benefit, only 15 % patients with mutated epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in lung cancer cells are sensitive. Therefore, additional therapeutic strategy should be developed. In this study, we found that metformin (Met), which is widely used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D), sensitized lung cancer cells bearing wild-type EGFR to Erlo treatment by enriching cancer cells expressing higher levels of EGFR with persistent phosphorylation...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310989/visit-to-visit-variability-of-lipid-measurements-as-predictors-of-cardiovascular-events
#16
David D Waters, Sripal Bangalore, Rana Fayyad, David A DeMicco, Rachel Laskey, Shari Melamed, Philip J Barter
BACKGROUND: Higher visit-to-visit variability in risk factors such as blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol are associated with an increase in cardiovascular (CV) events. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether variability in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglyceride levels predicted coronary and CV events in a clinical trial population with known coronary disease. METHODS: We assessed intraindividual variability in fasting high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL-cholesterol measurements among 9572 patients in the Treating to New Targets trial and correlated the results with coronary events over a median follow-up of 4...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306589/oxidative-stress-dependent-mmp-13-activity-underlies-glucose-neurotoxicity
#17
Ashley L Waldron, Patricia A Schroder, Kelly L Bourgon, Jessie K Bolduc, James L Miller, Adriana D Pellegrini, Amanda L Dubois, Magdalena Blaszkiewicz, Kristy L Townsend, Sandra Rieger
BACKGROUND: A complication of diabetes is neuropathy, a condition of sensory axon degeneration that originates in the epidermis. The mechanisms remain unknown but reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in this condition. In this study, we assessed the role of ROS and a candidate downstream target, MMP-13 in glucose-induced sensory axon degeneration in zebrafish and mice. METHODS: The effects of glucose on metabolism and sensory axon degeneration were assessed using qPCR and live imaging...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305863/mir-449-overexpression-inhibits-osteogenic-differentiation-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-via-suppressing-sirt1-fra-1-pathway-in-high-glucose-and-free-fatty-acids-microenvironment
#18
Bo Qu, Kai Gong, Hong-Sheng Yang, Yu-Gang Li, Tao Jiang, Zhi-Mou Zeng, Zong-Rui Cao, Xian-Ming Pan
Diabetic osteoporosis is a chronic complication caused by diabetes mellitus, and However, the exact mechanism of diabetes mellitus-induced osteoporosis is still unknown. In this study, we investigate the effect of miR-449 on osteogenic differentiation and its underlying mechanism in human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) with high glucose (HG) and free fatty acids (FFA) treatment. Results showed that after culturing for 14 days, high glucose (HG) and free fatty acids (FFA) treatment dramatically decreased mineralization of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) compared with cells treated with osteogenic medium (OM) alone...
January 3, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305825/slender-transradial-iliac-artery-stenting-using-a-4-5%C3%A2-french-guiding-sheath
#19
Norihiko Shinozaki, Takashi Minowa, Tsutomu Murakami, Yohei Ohno, Masataka Nakano, Toshiharu Fujii, Gaku Nakazawa, Fuminobu Yoshimachi, Yuji Ikari
We previously reported safety and usefulness of transradial iliac artery stenting using 6 Fr guiding sheath. However, radial artery occlusion was a major limitation of this procedure. We analyzed the safety and utility of slender transradial iliac artery stenting using a 4.5 Fr guiding sheath to prevent radial artery occlusion. We performed transradial iliac artery stenting in left radial artery, using a 4.5 Fr sheath incorporating a shaft length of 110 cm, for 34 lesions in 29 patients. Transradial intervention was attempted at the discretion of the operator...
January 5, 2018: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299781/slit2-robo1-signaling-is-involved-in-angiogenesis-of-glomerular-endothelial-cells-exposed-to-a-diabetic-like-environment
#20
Junhui Liu, Weiping Hou, Tao Guan, Luyao Tang, Xufei Zhu, Yi Li, Shihui Hou, Jun Zhang, Hua Chen, Yunjian Huang
Abnormal angiogenesis plays a pathological role in diabetic nephropathy (DN), contributing to glomerular hypertrophy and microalbuminuria. Slit2/Robo1 signaling participates in angiogenesis in some pathological contexts, but whether it is involved in glomerular abnormal angiogenesis of early DN is unclear. The present study evaluated the effects of Slit2/Robo1 signaling pathway on angiogenesis of human renal glomerular endothelial cells (HRGECs) exposed to a diabetic-like environment or recombinant Slit2-N...
January 3, 2018: Angiogenesis
keyword
keyword
48097
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"