keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

formula

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454399/inhibition-of-lung-cancer-growth-by-hangamdan-b-is-mediated-by-macrophage-activation-to-m1-subtype
#1
Hye-Rin Park, Eun-Ji Lee, Seong-Cheol Moon, Tae-Wook Chung, Keuk-Jun Kim, Hwa-Seung Yoo, Chong-Kwan Cho, Ki-Tae Ha
Re-education of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) toward antitumor effectors may be a promising therapeutic strategy for the successful treatment of cancer. HangAmDan-B (HAD-B), a herbal formula, has been used for stimulating immune function and activation of vital energy to cancer patients in traditional Korean Medicine. Previous studies have reported the anti-angiogenic and anti-metastatic effects of HAD-B; however, evidence on the immunomodulatory action of HAD-B was not demonstrated. In the present study, immunocompetent mice were used to demonstrate the suppression of the in vivo growth of allograft Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells, by HAD-B...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454396/treatment-with-the-herbal-formula-songyou-yin-inhibits-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-through-downregulation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-1-expression-and-inhibition-of-the-smad2-3-signaling-pathway
#2
Susu Zheng, Qingan Jia, Hujia Shen, Xin Xu, Jiajia Ling, Chuyu Jing, Boheng Zhang
It was previously reported that treatment with the herbal formula Songyou Yin (SYY) may serve a role in attenuating epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). In the present study, the effect of treatment with SYY on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced EMT was investigated and the potential underlying molecular mechanisms were evaluated. MHCC97H cells were pretreated with SYY for 4 weeks and subsequently named MHCC97HSYY cells. Simultaneously, MHCC97H cells were cultured for 4 weeks without SYY and used as a negative control...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454179/simple-effective-medium-approximation-with-rayleigh-scattering
#3
Ashfaqul Anwar Siraji, Yang Zhao
We present a simple analytical effective medium approximation (EMA) that can account for finite-sized and interacting inclusions in the Rayleigh scattering regime. The polarizability of an individual inclusion is calculated using the Mie solution and net polarizability is formed, leading to effective parameters. The Mie coefficients are expanded into polynomials and curtailed to the sixth order, which is accurate in the Rayleigh regime. Results obtained using the developed models are compared with experimental results and existing EMAs...
May 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454110/personalizing-chinese-medicine-by-integrating-molecular-features-of-diseases-and-herb-ingredient-information-application-to-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#4
REVIEW
Lin Huang, Haichang Li, Duoli Xie, Tieliu Shi, Chengping Wen
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been widely used as a complementary medicine in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) treatment. In this study, we proposed a new classification of Chinese Medicines (CMs) by integrating the latest discoveries in disease molecular mechanisms and traditional medicine theory. We screened out a set of chemical compounds on basis of AML differential expression genes and chemical-protein interactions and then mapped them to Traditional Chinese Medicine Integrated Database. 415 CMs contain those compounds and they were categorized into 8 groups according to the Traditional Chinese Pharmacology...
April 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453498/scale-anchoring-with-the-rasch-model
#5
Adam E Wyse
Scale anchoring is a method to provide additional meaning to particular scores at different points along a score scale by identifying representative items associated with the particular scores. These items are then analyzed to write statements of what types of performance can be expected of a person with the particular scores to help test takers and other stakeholders better understand what it means to achieve the different scores. This article provides simple formulas that can be used to identify possible items to serve as scale anchors with the Rasch model...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449461/correlation-of-pleural-effusions-grayscale-sonographic-parameters-with-fluid-s-analysis-results
#6
Alexandros Kalkanis, Charalampos Varsamas, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis
BACKGROUND: Quantitative sonographic methods are used to assess pleural fluid's volume but no validated method exists for the measurement of the fluids' density and other qualitative values. We suggest a quantitative method, based on the pixel density of the pleural effusion's image, in order to evaluate the echogenicity of pleural effusion. METHODS: Pleural ultrasound (US) was performed in 62 patients with pleural effusion. Five consequent images of the pleural effusion were retrieved through axial view between the 9(th) and the 10(th) rib and one from the 10(th) rib through coronal view and converted into the high-resolution tagged image file format...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449209/the-frequency-of-qtc-prolongation-among-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients-receiving-methadone-for-cancer-pain
#7
Kevin Madden, Minjeong Park, Diane Liu, Eduardo Bruera
INTRODUCTION: A prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval in pediatric patients is defined as ≥470 msec. Methadone can cause a prolonged QTc interval that can lead to ventricular arrhythmias. The risk of methadone-induced prolongation of the QTc interval in children and young adults is unknown. The purpose of the study was to determine the frequency of QTc prolongation among pediatric and young adult patients with cancer pain on methadone treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data for all patients on methadone during the study period...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448612/hydrodynamic-characteristics-of-submerged-vegetation-flow-with-non-constant-vertical-porosity
#8
Mingdeng Zhao, Zilong Fan
In order to investigate the influence of the vertical variation of porosity on open-channel flow with submerged vegetation, vertical non-homogeneous stumps and stems in submerged vegetation flow are simulated with truncated cones in a laboratory flume. First, porosity is defined as a function of water depth. A new governing equation for vegetation flow is established on the basis of the poroelastic media flow theory, and its analytical solution is obtained with the finite analytic method. Then, the fitting expression of permeability is established with experimental data, which shows the variation in permeability with vertical porosity and vegetation density...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448191/total-arterial-compliance-estimated-by-a-novel-method-is-better-related-to-left-ventricular-mass-compared-to-aortic-pulse-wave-velocity-the-safar-study
#9
Theodore G Papaioannou, Athanase D Protogerou, Antonis Argyris, Evangelia Aissopou, George Georgiopoulos, Efthimia Nasothimiou, Christos Tountas, Petros P Sfikakis, Nikolaos Stergiopulos, Dimitrios Tousoulis
The investigation of the association between total arterial compliance (CT)-estimated by a novel technique-with left ventricular mass (LVM) and hypertrophy (LVH). Our hypothesis was that CT may be better related to LVM compared to the gold-standard regional aortic stiffness. Within the frame of the ongoing cross-sectional study "SAFAR," 226 subjects with established hypertension or with suspected hypertension underwent blood pressure (BP) assessment, carotid-to-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), and echocardiographic measurement of LVM...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447960/an-analytical-reconstruction-model-of-the-spread-out-bragg-peak-using-the-laser-accelerated-proton-beams
#10
Li Tao, Kun Zhu, Jungao Zhu, Xiaohan Xu, Chen Lin, Wenjun Ma, Haiyang Lu, Yanying Zhao, Yuanrong Lu, Jia-Er Chen, Xueqing Yan
With the development of laser technology, laser-driven proton acceleration provides a new way for proton tumor therapy. However, it has not been applied in practice, because of the wide and decreasing energy spectrum of laser-accelerated proton beams. In this paper, we propose an analytical model to reconstruct the spread-out Bragg peak (SOBP) using the laser-accelerated proton beams. Firstly, we present a modified weighting formula for protons of different energies. Secondly, a theoretical model for the reconstruction of SOBPs with laser-accelerated proton beams has been built...
April 27, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447883/c-h-infrared-absorption-and-solubility-of-ethylene-propyne-2-methyl-2-butene-and-2-methyl-1-3-butadiene-isoprene-in-liquid-argon-solutions
#11
Parashu R Nyaupane, Helena Diez-Y-Riega, Daniel Cordier, Carlos E Manzanares
The solubility of ethylene (H2C=CH2), propyne (CH3-C≡C-H), 2-methyl-2-butene (CH3-CH=C(CH3)2), and isoprene or 2-methyl-1, 3-butadiene (H2C=C(CH3)-CH=CH2) in liquid argon has been measured using mid-infrared and near-infrared (NIR) absorption. Spectra were recorded in the C-H infrared (IR) region. Spectra were obtained at increasing solution composition until the magnitude of the integrated absorption band reached a maximum value, indicating a saturated solution. The approximate experimental solubilities are: (600 ± 100) ppm at 92 K for ethylene, (22 ± 9) ppm at 100 K for propyne, (9 ± 5) ppm at 100 K for 2-methyl-2-butene, and (12 ± 2) ppm at 86 K for isoprene...
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447712/wiryeongtang-regulates-hypertonicity-induced-expression-of-aquaporin-2-water-channels-in-mimcd-3-cells
#12
Mi Gyeong Kim, Yun Jung Lee, Eun Sik Choi, Jung Joo Yoon, Byung Hyuk Han, Dae Gill Kang, Ho Sub Lee
The kidneys have a key role in the homeostasis of water excretion and reabsorption. Water channels, particularly aquaporin-2 (AQP2), are important proteins in water homeostasis in the body through the short‑term and long-term regulation of water permeability. Wiryeongtang (WRT) is a well-known traditional oriental medicine, which is used for the treatment of chronic edema and dysuresia. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of WRT on the hypertonicity-induced expression of AQP2 in the inner medullary collecting duct cell line (IMCD‑3)...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447676/excited-state-e-%C3%A2-z-photoisomerization-mechanism-unveiled-by-ab-initio-nonadiabatic-molecular-dynamics-simulation-for-hemithioindigo-hemistilbene
#13
Meihong Yang, Chunyan Huo, Anyang Li, Yibo Lei, Le Yu, Chaoyuan Zhu
The Zhu-Nakamura formulas based on on-the-fly trajectory surface hopping dynamics simulations at the two-state-averaged CASSCF level were employed to investigate the E → Z photoisomerization mechanisms of hemithioindigo-hemistilbene (HTI) upon S1 excitation. Seven conical intersections were observed along the isomerization pathways, which were composed of double bond torsion, benzene ring torsion, inversion and pyramidalization motions, and only three of them were found to play a role in the dynamics simulations started at S1E-HTI...
April 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447592/the-phantom-derivative-method-when-a-structure-model-is-available-about-its-theoretical-basis
#14
Maria Cristina Burla, Giovanni Luca Cascarano, Carmelo Giacovazzo, Giampiero Polidori
This study clarifies why, in the phantom derivative (PhD) approach, randomly created structures can help in refining phases obtained by other methods. For this purpose the joint probability distribution of target, model, ancil and phantom derivative structure factors and its conditional distributions have been studied. Since PhD may use n phantom derivatives, with n ≥ 1, a more general distribution taking into account all the ancil and derivative structure factors has been considered, from which the conditional distribution of the target phase has been derived...
May 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section A, Foundations and Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447226/the-effects-of-phonological-short-term-memory-and-speech-perception-on-spoken-sentence-comprehension-in-children-simulating-deficits-in-an-experimental-design
#15
Meaghan C Higgins, Sarah B Penney, Erin K Robertson
The roles of phonological short-term memory (pSTM) and speech perception in spoken sentence comprehension were examined in an experimental design. Deficits in pSTM and speech perception were simulated through task demands while typically-developing children (N [Formula: see text] 71) completed a sentence-picture matching task. Children performed the control, simulated pSTM deficit, simulated speech perception deficit, or simulated double deficit condition. On long sentences, the double deficit group had lower scores than the control and speech perception deficit groups, and the pSTM deficit group had lower scores than the control group and marginally lower scores than the speech perception deficit group...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447096/the-effect-of-k-cations-on-the-phase-transitions-and-structural-dielectric-and-luminescence-properties-of-cat-k0-5cr0-5-hcoo-3-where-cat-is-protonated-dimethylamine-or-ethylamine
#16
Maciej Ptak, Anna Gągor, Adam Sieradzki, Bartosz Bondzior, Przemysław Dereń, Aneta Ciupa, M Trzebiatowska, Mirosław Mączka
We report the synthesis, crystal structure, and dielectric, vibrational and emission spectra of two novel heterometallic perovskite-type metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of the following formula: [(CH3)2NH2][K0.5Cr0.5(HCOO)3] (DMAKCr) and [C2H5NH3][K0.5Cr0.5(HCOO)3] (EtAKCr). DMAKCr crystallizes in a trigonal structure (R3[combining macron] space group) and undergoes an order-disorder phase transition to the monoclinic system (P1[combining macron] space group) at about 190 K. The dielectric studies confirm the presence of first-order relaxor-like structural transformation...
April 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446919/high-nitrogen-supply-induces-physiological-responsiveness-to-long-photoperiod-in-barley
#17
Jian Zeng, Huajin Sheng, Yang Liu, Yao Wang, Yi Wang, Houyang Kang, Xing Fan, Lina Sha, Shu Yuan, Yonghong Zhou
Photoperiod and nutrient nitrogen (N) supply influence the growth, development, and productivity of crops. This study examined the physiological, biochemical, and morpho-anatomical traits of NA5 and NA9, two barley cultivars with contrasting photoperiod lengths, under the combined treatment of photoperiod regime and N supply. Under long photoperiod, high N supply decreased net photosynthesis; decreased chlorophyll a and chlorophyll a/b; decreased ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities; decreased ascorbate, glutathione, soluble protein, and soluble sugar; destroyed mesophyll cell integrity; and increased [Formula: see text], malondialdehyde, and proline in both NA5 and NA9...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446843/a-class-of-generalized-invex-functions-and-vector-variational-like-inequalities
#18
Ru Li, Guolin Yu
In this paper, a class of generalized invex functions, called [Formula: see text]-invex functions, is introduced, and some examples are presented to illustrate their existence. Then we consider the relationships of solutions between two types of vector variational-like inequalities and multi-objective programming problem. Finally, the existence results for the discussed variational-like inequalities are proposed by using the KKM-Fan theorem.
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446134/assessment-of-perioperative-minute-ventilation-in-obese-versus-non-obese-patients-with-a-non-invasive-respiratory-volume-monitor
#19
Jaideep H Mehta, Davide Cattano, Jordan B Brayanov, Edward E George
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the adequacy of spontaneous breathing is a major patient safety concern in the post-operative setting. Monitoring is particularly important for obese patients, who are at a higher risk for post-surgical respiratory complications and often have increased metabolic demand due to excess weight. Here we used a novel, noninvasive Respiratory Volume Monitor (RVM) to monitor ventilation in both obese and non-obese orthopedic patients throughout their perioperative course, in order to develop better monitoring strategies...
April 26, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446090/law-and-ethics-in-nursing-and-healthcare-an-introduction-avery-graham-law-and-ethics-in-nursing-and-healthcare-an-introduction-392pp-%C3%A2-26-99-sage-9781412961745-1412961742-formula-see-text
#20
(no author information available yet)
The aim of this book, now in its second edition, is to deliver the main concepts of law and ethics in an easy-to-read style.
April 27, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
keyword
keyword
4809
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"