keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Uno

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822537/impaired-renal-function-should-not-be-a-barrier-to-transplantation-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#1
Todd C Crawford, J Trent Magruder, Joshua C Grimm, Alejandro Suarez-Pierre, Xun Zhou, Jinny S Ha, Robert S Higgins, Stephen R Broderick, Jonathan B Orens, Pali Shah, Christian A Merlo, Bo S Kim, Errol L Bush
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated an association between pretransplantation renal dysfunction (PRD) and increased mortality after lung transplantation (LT). The purpose of this study was to determine whether PRD impacts survival after LT in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: We queried the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) database to identify all adult (≥18 years) recipients with CF who underwent isolated LT from May 4, 2005 to December 31, 2014...
August 16, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812950/expression-of-cytochrome-p450-regulators-in-cynomolgus-macaque
#2
Yasuhiro Uno, Hiroshi Yamazaki
1. Cytochrome P450 (P450) regulators including nuclear receptors and transcription factors have not been fully investigated in cynomolgus macaques, an important species used in drug metabolism studies. In this study, we analyzed seventeen P450 regulators by sequence and phylogenetic analysis, and tissue expression. 2. Gene and genome structures of seventeen P450 regulators were similar to the human orthologs, and the deduced amino acid sequences showed high sequence identities (92-95%) and more closely clustered, with the human orthologs...
August 16, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800271/overall-survival-in-the-randomized-phase-ii-study-investigating-pazopanib-versus-weekly-paclitaxel-in-relapsed-or-progressive-urothelial-cancer
#3
Miki Horiguchi, Hajime Uno, Lee-Jen Wei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796084/surgery-with-or-without-postoperative-radiation-therapy-for-early-stage-external-auditory-canal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#4
Ryohei Oya, Yukinori Takenaka, Kazuya Takemura, Naoki Ashida, Kotaro Shimizu, Takahiro Kitamura, Yoshifumi Yamamoto, Atsuhiko Uno
OBJECTIVE: External auditory canal squamous cell carcinoma (EACSCC) is a rare disease with no standard treatment supported by high-level evidence. The aim of this study was to investigate EACSCC prognoses according to treatment modality and thus determine the optimal intervention for early-stage disease. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, and Ichushi-Web searches of the English and Japanese-language literature published between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2016 were performed using the key words "external auditory canal cancer" and "temporal bone cancer...
August 8, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794203/the-myst-family-histone-acetyltransferase-complex-regulates-stress-resistance-and-longevity-through-transcriptional-control-of-daf-16-foxo-transcription-factors
#5
Takako Ikeda, Masaharu Uno, Sakiko Honjoh, Eisuke Nishida
The well-known link between longevity and the Sir2 histone deacetylase family suggests that histone deacetylation, a modification associated with repressed chromatin, is beneficial to longevity. However, the molecular links between histone acetylation and longevity remain unclear. Here, we report an unexpected finding that the MYST family histone acetyltransferase complex (MYS-1/TRR-1 complex) promotes rather than inhibits stress resistance and longevity in Caenorhabditis elegans Our results show that these beneficial effects are largely mediated through transcriptional up-regulation of the FOXO transcription factor DAF-16...
August 9, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793127/development-and-validation-of-the-hospitality-axiological-scale-for-humanization-of-nursing-care
#6
José María Galán González-Serna, Soledad Ferreras-Mencia, Juan Manuel Arribas-Marín
Objective: to develop and validate a scale to evaluate nursing attitudes in relation to hospitality for the humanization of nursing care. Participants: the sample consisted of 499 nursing professionals and undergraduate students of the final two years of the Bachelor of Science in Nursing program. Method: the instrument has been developed and validated to evaluate the ethical values related to hospitality using a methodological approach. Subsequently, a model was developed to measure the dimensions forming the construct hospitality...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770221/impact-of-carbohydrate-electrolyte-beverage-ingestion-on-heart-rate-response-while-climbing-mountain-fuji-at-3000%C3%A2-m
#7
Masahiro Horiuchi, Junko Endo, Koichi Kondo, Tadashi Uno, Mayuko Morikawa, Hiroshi Nose
We sought to investigate whether carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage ingestion reduced heart rate (HR) in twenty-three healthy young adults while climbing Mount Fuji at a given exercise intensity. Twenty-three healthy adults were randomly divided into two groups: the tap water (11 males [M] and 1 female [F]) and the carbohydrate-electrolyte group (10 M and 1 F). HR and activity energy expenditure (AEE) were recorded every min. The HRs for the first 30 minutes of climbing were not significantly different between the groups [121 ± 2 beats per min (bpm) in the tap water and 116 ± 3 bpm in the carbohydrate-electrolyte]; however, HR significantly increased with climbing in the tap water group (129 ± 2 bpm) but showed no significant increase in the carbohydrate-electrolyte group (121 ± 3 bpm)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766759/value-of-a-flow-cytometry-crossmatch-in-the-setting-of-a-negative-complement-dependent-cytotoxicity-crossmatch-in-heart-transplant-recipients
#8
Britton C Keeshan, Matthew J O'Connor, Kimberly Y Lin, Dimitrios Monos, Curt Lind, Christopher E Mascio, J Eduardo Rame, Thomas L Spray, Robert E Shaddy, Joseph W Rossano
Complement-dependent cytotoxicity crossmatch (CDCXM) is used for evaluation of preformed HLA-specific antibodies in patients undergoing heart transplantation. Flow cytometry crossmatch (FCXM) is a more sensitive assay and used with increasing frequency. To determine the clinical relevance of a positive FCXM in the context of negative CDCXM in heart transplantation, the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) database was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard modeling were used to assess graft survival for three different patient cohorts defined by crossmatch results: T-cell and B-cell CDCXM+ ("CDCXM +" cohort), CDCXM- but T-cell and/or B-cell FCXM+ ("FCXM+" cohort), and T-cell/B-cell CDCXM- and FCXM- ("XM-" cohort)...
August 2, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766283/management-of-aorto-esophageal-fistula-secondary-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-a-review-of-literature
#9
REVIEW
Kaname Uno, Tomoyuki Koike, Seiichi Takahashi, Daisuke Komazawa, Tooru Shimosegawa
Aorto-esophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare and lethal entity, and the difficulty of making diagnosis of AEF is well-known. As promising results in the short-term effectiveness of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) promote its usage, the occurrence of AEF after TEVAR (post-TEVAR AEF) increases as one of the major complications. Therefore, we provide a review concerning the management strategy of post-TEVAR AEF. Although its representative symptom was reported as the triad of mid-thoracic pain and sentinel hematemesis followed by massive hematemesis, the symptom-free interval between sentinel hemorrhage and massive exsanguination is unpredictable...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763077/-national-academy-of-medicine-one-hundred-and-fifty-four-academic-year
#10
Armando Mansilla-Olivares
El incalculable valor que atesora la Academia Nacional de Medicina, su enorme influencia y repercusión sobre la toma de decisiones médico-científico-epidemiológicas, radica única y exclusivamente en el dominio del conocimiento, la mente científica y el talento de todos y cada uno de sus miembros, desde su fundación en 1864 hasta nuestros días.
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763059/rare-genetic-variants-in-cx3cr1-and-their-contribution-to-the-increased-risk-of-schizophrenia-and-autism-spectrum-disorders
#11
K Ishizuka, Y Fujita, T Kawabata, H Kimura, Y Iwayama, T Inada, Y Okahisa, J Egawa, M Usami, I Kushima, Y Uno, T Okada, M Ikeda, B Aleksic, D Mori, To Someya, T Yoshikawa, N Iwata, H Nakamura, T Yamashita, N Ozaki
CX3CR1, a G protein-coupled receptor solely expressed by microglia in the brain, has been repeatedly reported to be associated with neurodevelopmental disorders including schizophrenia (SCZ) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in transcriptomic and animal studies but not in genetic studies. To address the impacts of variants in CX3CR1 on neurodevelopmental disorders, we conducted coding exon-targeted resequencing of CX3CR1 in 370 Japanese SCZ and 192 ASD patients using next-generation sequencing technology, followed by a genetic association study in a sample comprising 7054 unrelated individuals (2653 SCZ, 574 ASD and 3827 controls)...
August 1, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762864/progesterone-hydroxylation-by-cytochromes-p450-2c-and-3a-enzymes-in-marmoset-liver-microsomes
#12
Kazuyuki Nakanishi, Shotaro Uehara, Yasuhiro Uno, Takashi Inoue, Erika Sasaki, Hiroshi Yamazaki
1. Common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) are potentially useful nonhuman primate models for preclinical drug metabolism studies. However, the roles of marmoset cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms in the oxidation of endobiotic progesterone have not been fully investigated. In this study, the roles of marmoset P450 isoforms in progesterone hydroxylation were extensively determined. 2. The activities of liver microsomes from individual marmosets with respect to progesterone 21/17α- and 16α/6β-hydroxylation were significantly correlated with those for flurbiprofen 4-hydroxylation and midazolam 1'-hydroxylation, respectively, as similar correlations have been found in humans...
August 1, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762672/safety-efficacy-and-persistence-of-long-term-mirabegron-treatment-for-overactive-bladder-in-the-daily-clinical-setting-interim-1-year-report-from-a-japanese-post-marketing-surveillance-study
#13
Daisuke Kato, Hiromi Tabuchi, Satoshi Uno
OBJECTIVES: To report interim 1-year results from a 3-year surveillance study evaluating safety, efficacy, and persistence of long-term mirabegron for overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: Patients starting treatment with mirabegron for urinary urgency, daytime frequency, and urgency incontinence associated with OAB were registered and followed up for 3 years. Data were collected on adverse drug reactions (ADR), changes in OAB symptoms, changes in Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), and treatment discontinuations...
August 1, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758225/metabolism-of-7-ethoxycoumarin-flavanone-and-steroids-by-cytochrome-p450-2c9-variants
#14
Tomohide Uno, Ryosuke Nakano, Kengo Kanamaru, Shinji Takenaka, Yuichi Uno, Hiromasa Imaishi
CYP2C9 is a human microsomal cytochrome P450c (CYP). Much variation in CYP2C9 levels and activity can be attributed to polymorphisms of this gene. Wild-type CYP2C9 and mutants were coexpressed with NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase in Escherichia coli. The hydroxylase activities toward 7-ethoxycoumarin, flavanone and steroids were examined. Six CYP2C9 variants showed Soret peaks (450 nm) typical of P450 in reduced CO-difference spectra. CYP2C9.38 had the highest 7-ethoxycoumarin de-ethylase activity. All the CYP2C9 variants showed lower flavanone 6-hydroxylation activities than CYP2C9...
July 30, 2017: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752932/development-of-genotyping-method-for-functionally-relevant-variants-of-cytochromes-p450-in-cynomolgus-macaques
#15
Y Uno, N Osada, S Sakurai, N Shimozawa, T Iwata, K Ikeo, H Yamazaki
In cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis), widely used in drug metabolism studies, CYP2C9, CYP2C76, CYP2D6, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5, important drug-metabolizing enzymes, are abundantly expressed in liver and metabolize cytochrome P450 substrates. CYP2C9 (c.334A>C), CYP2C76 (c.449TG>A), CYP2D6 (c.891A>G), CYP3A4 (IVS3 + 1G>del), and CYP3A5 (c.625A>T) substantially influence metabolic activity of enzymes, and thus are important variants in drug metabolism studies. In this study, a real-time PCR method was developed for genotyping these variants...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751156/performance-evaluation-of-the-verigene-%C3%A2-clostridium-difficile-nucleic-acid-test-an-automated-multiplex-molecular-testing-system-for-detection-of-c-%C3%A2-difficile-toxin
#16
Kosuke Kosai, Yuki Iwanaga, Norihiko Akamatsu, Yuya Okada, Norihito Kaku, Naoki Uno, Yoshitomo Morinaga, Hiroo Hasegawa, Taiga Miyazaki, Koichi Izumikawa, Hiroshi Mukae, Katsunori Yanagihara
The Verigene(®)Clostridium difficile nucleic acid test (Verigene(®) CDF test) is an automatic and rapid detection system for the genes encoding tcdA, tcdB, binary toxin, and the single nucleotide deletion at base pair 117 in the tcdC based on microarray and PCR amplification. We compared the performance of the Verigene(®) CDF test to that of two enzyme immunoassays, C. DIFF QUIK CHEK COMPLETE and X/Pect Toxin A/B, using 118 specimens. We found overall concordance rates of 81.4% and 78.8% between C. DIFF QUIK CHEK COMPLETE and Verigene(®) CDF test, and X/Pect Toxin A/B and Verigene(®) CDF test...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744836/liver-transplantation-for-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-the-us-temporal-trends-and-outcomes
#17
George Cholankeril, Robert J Wong, Menghan Hu, Ryan B Perumpail, Eric R Yoo, Puneet Puri, Zobair M Younossi, Stephen A Harrison, Aijaz Ahmed
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a rapidly growing etiology of end-stage liver disease in the US. Temporal trends and outcomes in NASH-related liver transplantation (LT) in the US were studied. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study utilizing the United Network for Organ Sharing and Organ Procurement and Transplantation (UNOS/OPTN) 2003-2014 database was conducted to evaluate the frequency of NASH-related LT. Etiology-specific post-transplant survival was evaluated with Kaplan-Meier methods and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models...
July 25, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739153/active-donor-management-during-the-hospital-phase-of-care-is-associated-with-more-organs-transplanted-per-donor
#18
Madhukar S Patel, Salvador De La Cruz, Mitchell B Sally, Tahnee Groat, Darren J Malinoski
BACKGROUND: Meeting donor management goals (DMGs) while caring for potential organ donors has been associated with more organs transplanted per donor (OTPD). Concern persists, however, as to whether this reflects that younger/healthier donors are more likely to meet DMGs or whether active management affects outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study of all standard criteria donors (SCDs) was conducted by 10 organ procurement organizations across UNOS Regions 4, 5, and 6...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729052/tedizolid-inhibits-muc5ac-production-induced-by-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-human-airway-epithelial-cells
#19
Kazuaki Takeda, Norihito Kaku, Yoshitomo Morinaga, Kosuke Kosai, Naoki Uno, Yoshifumi Imamura, Hiroo Hasegawa, Taiga Miyazaki, Koichi Izumikawa, Hiroshi Mukae, Katsunori Yanagihara
The innate immune system plays an important role in early immunity against respiratory tract infection. Although airway epithelial cells produce mucus to eliminate pathogens and irritants, hypersecretion of mucus is harmful for the host as it may cause airway obstruction and inhibit influx of antimicrobial agents. It has been reported that several antimicrobial agents have an immunomodulatory effect in vitro and in vivo, but little is known about whether tedizolid, a novel oxazolidinone, can modulate immune responses...
September 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726802/strain-induced-skeletal-rearrangement-of-a-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-on-a-copper-surface
#20
Akitoshi Shiotari, Takahiro Nakae, Kota Iwata, Shigeki Mori, Tetsuo Okujima, Hidemitsu Uno, Hiroshi Sakaguchi, Yoshiaki Sugimoto
Controlling the structural deformation of organic molecules can drive unique reactions that cannot be induced only by thermal, optical or electrochemical procedures. However, in conventional organic synthesis, including mechanochemical procedures, it is difficult to control skeletal rearrangement in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Here, we demonstrate a reaction scheme for the skeletal rearrangement of PAHs on a metal surface using high-resolution noncontact atomic force microscopy. By a combination of organic synthesis and on-surface cyclodehydrogenation, we produce a well-designed PAH-diazuleno[1,2,3-cd:1',2',3'-fg]pyrene-adsorbed flatly onto Cu(001), in which two azuleno moieties are highly strained by their mutual proximity...
July 20, 2017: Nature Communications
keyword
keyword
48081
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"