keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Onu

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767584/effects-of-a-rational-emotive-health-education-intervention-on-stress-management-and-irrational-beliefs-among-technical-college-teachers-in-southeast-nigeria
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Samuel C Ugwoke, Chiedu Eseadi, Chima C Igbokwe, Gertrude T U Chiaha, Okechukwu O Nwaubani, Chibueze Tobias Orji, Leonard T Ugwuanyi, Ifeoma S Chukwuma, Edith C Edikpa, Vera N Ogakwu, Eucharia A Onu, Patricia Agu, Ujunwa A Nwobi, Faith Omeke, Francisca C Okeke, Rita N Ezema, Lawretta I Abugu
BACKGROUND: Stress is the product of how an individual reacts and adapts to the specific demands and threats they encounter while carrying out given tasks. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a rational-emotive health education intervention (REHEI) on stress management, and irrational beliefs in a sample of technical college teachers in Southeast Nigeria. METHOD: The study design was a pretest-posttest control group. Repeated measures analysis of variance, paired t test and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to analyze the data collected...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666757/a-novel-chimeric-hepatitis-b-virus-s-pres1-antigen-produced-in-mammalian-and-plant-cells-elicits-stronger-humoral-and-cellular-immune-response-than-the-standard-vaccine-constituent-s-protein
#2
Mihaela-Olivia Dobrica, Catalin Lazar, Lisa Paruch, Hanne Skomedal, Hege Steen, Sissel Haugslien, Catalin Tucureanu, Iuliana Caras, Adrian Onu, Sonya Ciulean, Alexandru Branzan, Jihong Liu Clarke, Crina Stavaru, Norica Branza-Nichita
Chronic Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection leads to severe liver pathogenesis associated with significant morbidity and mortality. As no curable medication is yet available, vaccination remains the most cost-effective approach to limit HBV spreading and control the infection. Although safe and efficient, the standard vaccine based on production of the small (S) envelope protein in yeast fails to elicit an effective immune response in about 10% of vaccinated individuals, which are at risk of infection. One strategy to address this issue is the development of more immunogenic antigens...
June 27, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537436/utilization-and-outcomes-of-nephroureterectomy-for-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-by-surgical-approach
#3
Joseph F Rodriguez, Vignesh T Packiam, William R Boysen, Scott C Johnson, Zachary L Smith, Norm D Smith, Arieh L Shalhav, Gary D Steinberg
OBJECTIVES: To compare outcomes and survival of open-, robotic-, and laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (ONU, RNU, LNU) using population-based data. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Database, we identified patients who underwent nephroureterectomy for localized upper tract urothelial carcinoma between 2010 and 2013. Demographic and clinicopathologic characteristics were compared among the three operative approaches. Multivariate regression analyses were used to determine the impact of approach on performance of lymphadenectomy (LND), positive surgical margins (PSM), and overall survival (OS)...
July 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522928/systematic-review-of-open-versus-laparoscopic-versus-robot-assisted-nephroureterectomy
#4
Emma Mullen, Kamran Ahmed, Ben Challacombe
Upper tract urothelial carcinoma is a relatively uncommon malignancy. The gold standard treatment for this type of neoplasm is an open radical nephroureterectomy with excision of the bladder cuff. This systematic review compares the perioperative and oncologic outcomes for the open surgical method with the alternative surgical management options of laparoscopic nephroureterectomy and robot-assisted nephroureterectomy (RANU). MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases were searched using a sensitive search strategy...
2017: Reviews in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512596/in-vitro-screening-for-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-1b-and-dipeptidyl-peptidase-iv-inhibitors-from-selected-nigerian-medicinal-plants
#5
Yusuf Saidu, Suleiman Alhaji Muhammad, Abdullahi Yahaya Abbas, Andrew Onu, Ibrahim Mohammed Tsado, Luba Muhammad
BACKGROUND/AIM: Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP 1B) and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) have been identified as one of the drug targets for the treatment of Type-2 diabetes. This study was designed to screen for PTP 1B and DPP-IV inhibitors from some Nigerian medicinal plants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PTP 1B and DPP-IV drug discovery kits from Enzo Life Sciences were used to investigate in vitro inhibitory effect of crude methanolic extract of 10 plants; Mangifera indica, Moringa oleifera, Acacia nilotica, Arachis hypogaea, Senna nigricans, Azadirachta indica, Calotropis procera, Leptadenia hastata, Ziziphus mauritiana, and Solanum incanum...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419665/lettuce-produced-hepatitis-c-virus-e1e2-heterodimer-triggers-immune-responses-in-mice-and-antibody-production-after-oral-vaccination
#6
Jihong Liu Clarke, Lisa Paruch, Mihaela-Olivia Dobrica, Iuliana Caras, Catalin Tucureanu, Adrian Onu, Sonya Ciulean, Crina Stavaru, Andre Eerde, Yanliang Wang, Hege Steen, Sissel Haugslien, Catalina Petrareanu, Catalin Lazar, Ioan Popescu, Ralph Bock, Jean Dubuisson, Norica Branza-Nichita
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major etiologic agent for severe liver diseases (e.g., cirrhosis, fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma). Approximately 140 million people have chronic HCV infections and about 500,000 die yearly from HCV-related liver pathologies. To date, there is no licenced vaccine available to prevent HCV infection and production of an HCV vaccine remains a major challenge. Here we report the successful production of the HCV E1E2 heterodimer, an important vaccine candidate, in an edible crop (lettuce, Lactuca sativa) using Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression technology...
April 17, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380770/frequency-and-time-domain-nonlinear-distortion-compensation-in-high-speed-ofdm-imdd-lr-pon-with-high-loss-budget
#7
Hsing-Yu Chen, Chia-Chien Wei, Che-Yu Lin, Li-Wei Chen, I-Cheng Lu, Jyehong Chen
This study compared two nonlinear distortion compensation techniques, SSII cancellation (in the frequency domain) and Volterra filtering (in the time domain), in a >50-Gbps/λ OFDM-IMDD LR-PON. Experiment results for SNR, BER, and data rate (based on a bit-loading algorithm) revealed that the performance of frequency-domain SSII cancellation is unaffected by power fading; however, it depends heavily on the precision of the mathematical model. Conversely, although time-domain Volterra filtering is affected by the faded waveform, adaptive-weighting provides flexibility in dealing with mixed nonlinear distortion, particularly that associated with the interplay between fiber dispersion and fiber nonlinearity...
March 6, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275521/transurethral-resection-versus-open-bladder-cuff-excision-in-patients-undergoing-nephroureterectomy-for-upper-urinary-tract-carcinoma-operative-and-oncological-results
#8
Charalampos Fragkoulis, Athanasios Pappas, Georgios I Papadopoulos, Georgios Stathouros, Aristodimos Fragkoulis, Konstantinos Ntoumas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of distal ureter management on oncological results after open nephroureterectomy (ONU) comparing transurethral resection of the intramural ureter to conventional open excision, as controversy still exists about the method of choice for managing the distal ureter and bladder cuff during ONU. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from 378 patients who underwent ONU for upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma (UUT-TCC) from 1988 to 2009...
March 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161740/serious-fungal-infections-in-ecuador
#9
J Zurita, D W Denning, A Paz-Y-Miño, M B Solís, L M Arias
There is a dearth of data from Ecuador on the burden of life-threatening fungal disease entities; therefore, we estimated the burden of serious fungal infections in Ecuador based on the populations at risk and available epidemiological databases and publications. A full literature search was done to identify all epidemiology papers reporting fungal infection rates. WHO, ONU-AIDS, Index Mundi, Global Asthma Report, Globocan, and national data [Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INEC), Ministerio de Salud Pública (MSP), Sociedad de Lucha Contra el Cáncer (SOLCA), Instituto Nacional de Donación y Trasplante de Órganos, Tejidos y Células (INDOT)] were reviewed...
February 4, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095848/laparoscopic-versus-open-nephroureterectomy-to-treat-localized-and-or-locally-advanced-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-oncological-outcomes-from-a-multicenter-study
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jian-Ye Liu, Ying-Bo Dai, Fang-Jian Zhou, Zhi Long, Yong-Hong Li, Dan Xie, Bin Liu, Jin Tang, Jing Tan, Kun Yao, Le-Ye He
BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported the oncological outcomes between open radical nephroureterectomy (ONU) and laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy (LNU) of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). However, few data have focused on the oncological outcomes of LNU in the subgroup of localized and/or locally advanced UTUC (T1-4/N0-X). The purpose of this study was to compare the oncological outcomes of LNU vs. ONU for the treatment in patients with T1-4/N0-X UTUC. METHODS: We collected and analyzed the data and clinical outcomes retrospectively for 265 patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy for T1-4/N0-X UTUC between April 2000 and April 2013 at two Chinese tertiary hospitals...
January 17, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923887/reflective-tape-applied-to-bicycle-frame-and-conspicuity-enhancement-at-night
#11
Marco Costa, Leonardo Bonetti, Manuela Bellelli, Claudio Lantieri, Valeria Vignali, Andrea Simone
OBJECTIVE: Four studies were conducted to assess bicyclist conspicuity enhancement at night by the application of reflective tape (ECE/ONU 104) to the bicycle rear frame and to pedal cranks. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have tested the benefits of reflective markings applied to bicyclist clothing. Reflective jackets however need to be available and worn while reflective markings enhance conspicuity without any active behavior by the bicyclist. METHOD: In the first study, reflective tape was applied to the rear frame...
May 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509254/brief-report-sexual-violence-against-hiv-positive-women-in-the-nyanza-region-of-kenya-is-condom-negotiation-an-instigator
#12
Chinwe C Onu, Shari L Dworkin, Linnet G Ongeri, Patrick Oyaro, Thomas C Neylan, Craig R Cohen, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Grace Rota, Susan M Meffert
For people living with HIV, exposure to sexual violence (SV) is associated with decreased adherence to antiretroviral medication, a primary predictor of their survival. Identification of risk factors for SV is a pressing issue in sub-Saharan Africa, where the global majority of HIV-positive women live and the prevalence of SV against women is high. We used qualitative data to examine SV against HIV-positive women enrolled in HIV care in Kenya. Respondents identified husbands as perpetrators of SV in the context of women's efforts to use condoms as directed by HIV care providers...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410307/cost-effective-coherent-onu-transceiver-based-on-single-directly-modulated-laser
#13
Ming Luo, Rong Hu, Wei Li, Qi Yang, Shaohua Yu
A cost-effective structure is proposed for the optical network unit (ONU) transceivers in coherent ultra-dense wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (UDWDM-PON), which is based on a single directly modulated laser (DML). This is the first time that a DML is used as both optical transmitter in upstream and local oscillator (LO) for coherent detection in downstream. The impact of extinction ratio (ER) of signal from DML is investigated and optimized by adapting the driving amplitude and bias of DML...
June 13, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409910/using-single-side-band-modulation-for-colorless-ofdm-wdm-access-network-to-alleviate-rayleigh-backscattering-effects
#14
Chien-Hung Yeh, Chi-Wai Chow
In this investigation, we demonstrate a new colorless orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexing (OFDM) wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) system with Rayleigh backscattering (RB) noise mitigation. Here, only a single laser source at the central office (CO) is needed to produce the downstream signal and distributed continuous-wave (CW) carrier, which will then be modulated at the optical networking unit (ONU) to produce the upstream signal. Single side-band (SSB) modulation is used to wavelength-shift the distributed CW carrier, which will be launched into a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) based ONU for directly modulation of 5...
May 16, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367066/congestion-estimation-technique-in-the-optical-network-unit-registration-process
#15
Geunyong Kim, Hark Yoo, Dongsoo Lee, Youngsun Kim, Hyuk Lim
We present a congestion estimation technique (CET) to estimate the optical network unit (ONU) registration success ratio for the ONU registration process in passive optical networks. An optical line terminal (OLT) estimates the number of collided ONUs via the proposed scheme during the serial number state. The OLT can obtain congestion level among ONUs to be registered such that this information may be exploited to change the size of a quiet window to decrease the collision probability. We verified the efficiency of the proposed method through simulation and experimental results...
July 1, 2016: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280069/long-term-oncologic-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-nephroureterectomy-versus-open-nephroureterectomy-for-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Su Zhang, You Luo, Cheng Wang, Sheng-Jun Fu, Li Yang
Background. Several factors have been validated as predictors of disease recurrence in upper tract urothelial carcinoma. However, the oncological outcomes between different surgical approaches (open nephroureterectomy versus laparoscopic nephroureterectomy, ONU vs LNU) remain controversial. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the oncological outcomes associated with different surgical approaches. Methods. We conducted an electronic search of the PubMed, Embase, ISI Web of Knowledge and Cochrane Library electronic databases through November 2015, screened the retrieved references, collected and evaluated the relevant information...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190897/evaluation-of-clinical-diagnosis-of-fetal-distress-and-perinatal-outcome-in-a-low-resource-nigerian-setting
#17
Leonard Ogbonna Ajah, Perpetus Chudi Ibekwe, Fidelis Agwu Onu, Ogah Emeka Onwe, Thecla Chinonyelum Ezeonu, Innocent Omeje
INTRODUCTION: Fetal distress has been shown to contribute to the increasing caesarean section rate. There has been controversy on the usefulness of clinical diagnosis of fetal distress using only the intermittent counting of the fetal heart rate and/or passage of meconium-stained liquor. AIM: To evaluate the clinical diagnosis of fetal distress and the perinatal outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study in which the case records of the patients, who were diagnosed of fetal distress at Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria, from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2014, were collated...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27000080/erratum-to-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-hiv-positive-women-in-kisumu-kenya-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Chinwe Onu, Linnet Ongeri, Elizabeth Bukusi, Craig R Cohen, Thomas C Neylan, Patrick Oyaro, Grace Rota, Faith Otewa, Kevin L Delucchi, Susan M Meffert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985766/building-and-strengthening-infection-control-strategies-to-prevent-tuberculosis-nigeria-2015
#19
E Kainne Dokubo, Bethrand Odume, Virginia Lipke, Custodio Muianga, Eugene Onu, Ayodotun Olutola, Lucy Ukachukwu, Patricia Igweike, Nneka Chukwura, Emperor Ubochioma, Everistus Aniaku, Chinyere Ezeudu, Joseph Agboeze, Gabriel Iroh, Elvina Orji, Okezue Godwin, Hasiya Bello Raji, S A Aboje, Chijioke Osakwe, Henry Debem, Mustapha Bello, Dennis Onotu, Susan Maloney
Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of infectious disease mortality worldwide, accounting for more than 1.5 million deaths in 2014, and is the leading cause of death among persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1). Nigeria has the fourth highest annual number of TB cases among countries, with an estimated incidence of 322 per 100,000 population (1), and the second highest prevalence of HIV infection, with 3.4 million infected persons (2). In 2014, 100,000 incident TB cases and 78,000 TB deaths occurred among persons living with HIV infection in Nigeria (1)...
March 18, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26959983/influenza-vaccine-manufacturing-effect-of-inactivation-splitting-and-site-of-manufacturing-comparison-of-influenza-vaccine-production-processes
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Theone C Kon, Adrian Onu, Laurentiu Berbecila, Emilia Lupulescu, Alina Ghiorgisor, Gideon F Kersten, Yi-Qing Cui, Jean-Pierre Amorij, Leo Van der Pol
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of different inactivation and splitting procedures on influenza vaccine product composition, stability and recovery to support transfer of process technology. Four split and two whole inactivated virus (WIV) influenza vaccine bulks were produced and compared with respect to release criteria, stability of the bulk and haemagglutinin recovery. One clarified harvest of influenza H3N2 A/Uruguay virus prepared on 25.000 fertilized eggs was divided equally over six downstream processes...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
48080
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"