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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922490/risk-factors-for-football-injuries-in-young-players-aged-7-to-12-years
#1
Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Jiri Chomiak, Karel Němec, Jiri Dvorak, Eric Lichtenstein, Oliver Faude
OBJECTIVES: Football (soccer) is very popular amongst children. Little is known about risk factors for football injuries in children. The aim was to analyse potential injury risk factors in 7 to 12 year old players. DESIGN: Prospective epidemiological study. METHODS: We collected prospective data in Switzerland and the Czech Republic over two seasons. Coaches reported exposure of players (in hours), absence, and injury data via an internet-based registration system...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916563/incidence-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-rop-and-rop-treatment-in-switzerland-2006-2015-a-population-based-analysis
#2
Roland Gerull, Viviane Brauer, Dirk Bassler, Bernard Laubscher, Riccardo E Pfister, Mathias Nelle, Béatrice Müller, Christina Gerth-Kahlert, Mark Adams
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a severe complication of preterm birth and can lead to severe visual impairment or even blindness if untreated. The incidence of ROP requiring treatment is increasing in some developed countries in conjunction with higher survival rates at the lower end of gestational age (GA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The incidence of ROP and severe ROP (sROP) requiring treatment in Switzerland was analysed using the SwissNeoNet registry...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916325/what-is-the-incidence-of-implant-malpositioning-and-revision-surgery-after-orbital-repair
#3
Fabian Schlittler, Andre Schmidli, Franca Wagner, Chantal Michel, Matthias Mottini, Olivier Lieger
PURPOSE: Postoperative radiographic examinations are the gold standard in maxillofacial surgery, except in orbital reconstruction. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency of implant malposition and revision operation after orbital repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in a level I trauma center at the University Hospital in Bern, Switzerland. To assess the incidence of malpositioning, a qualitative analysis of postoperative computed tomography scans, as well as comparative volumetric measurements of the orbits, was conducted...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913402/midterm-analysis-of-the-selexys-cup-with-ceramic-inlay
#4
Tamas Halasi, David Kieser, Christopher M A Frampton, Gary J Hooper
BACKGROUND: Ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) articulations in total hip replacement (THR) has been accepted as giving reliable mid-term results; however recent studies have reported higher revision rates of some implants. This study analyses the nationwide results of the seleXys TPS cup and the Bionit2 liner (Mathys, Bettlach, Switzerland) with respect to implant survival, cause for revision and mortality rates compared to other CoC articulations using the same stem. METHODS: Utilising the New Zealand Joint Registry, we compared the seleXys TPS cup with Bionit2 liner used with an uncemented Twinsys femoral stem to every other uncemented CoC THR using the same stem...
September 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912107/a-short-food-literacy-questionnaire-sflq-for-adults-findings-from-a-swiss-validation-study
#5
Corinna Gréa Krause, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Kathrin Sommerhalder, Stefanie Hayoz, Thomas Abel
The short food literacy questionnaire (SFLQ) was developed to measure a broad range of skills including functional, interactive, and critical elements of FL. This study evaluated SFLQ measurement properties. We used a workplace intervention trial to reduce salt intake in Switzerland to explore the underlying structure of the questionnaire with 350 respondents and identify the ideal number of SFLQ items to capture the different elements of FL. Exploratory factor analysis showed a unidimensional structure of the final 12-item questionnaire...
September 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911195/peter-j%C3%A3-ni-from-switzerland-to-canada
#6
Mark Nicholls
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903879/salmonella-enterica-subsp-diarizonae-serotype-61-k-1-5-7-associated-with-chronic-proliferative-rhinitis-and-high-nasal-colonization-rates-in-a-flock-of-texel-sheep-in-switzerland
#7
Nadine Stokar-Regenscheit, Gudrun Overesch, Regula Giezendanner, Simone Roos, Corinne Gurtner
Salmonella (S.) enterica subspecies diarizonae (IIIb) serovar 61:(k):1,5,(7) (S. IIIb 61:(k):1,5,(7)) is considered to be host adapted to sheep and is found regularly in feces of healthy carriers and of sheep with salmonellosis. A few cases of chronic proliferative rhinitis (CPR) in sheep have been described as a new disease in association with S. IIIb 61:k:1,5,(7) in the USA, in Spain and now for the first time in Switzerland. Three animals of a flock of Texel sheep suffering from chronic nasal discharge and dyspnea with subsequent death were necropsied...
September 15, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903876/persistence-of-mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae-sequence-types-in-spite-of-a-control-program-for-enzootic-pneumonia-in-pigs
#8
Gudrun Overesch, Peter Kuhnert
Enzootic pneumonia (EP) in pigs caused by Mycoplasma (M.) hyopneumoniae has successfully been combatted in Switzerland. A control program was fully implemented in 2004 which is based on total depopulation strategies of affected fattening farms as well as partial depopulation on breeding farms. Thereby, the number of cases has dropped drastically from more than 200 in 2003 to two cases in 2013. Currently monitoring is done based on clinical observation and subsequent diagnostic of coughing pigs. Moreover, in case of more than 10% gross pathological lesions per slaughter batch laboratory confirmation for EP is compulsory...
September 15, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903873/validation-of-a-model-for-ranking-aquaculture-facilities-for-risk-based-disease-surveillance
#9
Nicolas Diserens, Laura Cristina Falzon, Beat von Siebenthal, Gertraud Schüpbach-Regula, Thomas Wahli
A semi-quantitative model for risk ranking of aquaculture facilities in Switzerland with regard to the introduction and spread of Viral Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (VHS) and Infectious Haematopoietic Necrosis (IHN) was developed in a previous study (Diserens et al., 2013). The objective of the present study was to validate this model using data collected during field visits on aquaculture sites in four Swiss cantons compared to data collected through a questionnaire in the previous study. A discrepancy between the values obtained with the two different methods was found in 32...
September 15, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903635/nothing-changes-really-why-women-who-break-through-the-glass-ceiling-end-up-reinforcing-it
#10
Klea Faniko, Naomi Ellemers, Belle Derks, Fabio Lorenzi-Cioldi
Two correlational studies conducted in Switzerland ( N = 222) and Albania ( N = 156) explained the opposition of female managers to gender quotas by examining the origins and consequences of the "Queen Bee (QB)-phenomenon," whereby women who have been successful in male-dominated organizations do not support the advancement of junior women. Results disconfirm previous accounts of the QB-phenomenon as indicating competitiveness among women. Instead, the tendency of women managers to consider themselves as different from other women, and their opposition to gender quotas, emerged when junior women were addressed but not when they considered their direct competitors, other women managers...
May 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902013/-bubble-in-the-roll-technique-using-the-endoject-dmek-injector-influence-of-the-air-bubble-on-endothelial-cell-loss
#11
Yasemin Akbaba, Julia M Weller, Kathrin Rössler, W John Armitage, Ursula Schlötzer-Schrehardt, Friedrich E Kruse, Theofilos Tourtas
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of the air bubble on endothelial cell loss using the "bubble-in-the-roll" technique during Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). METHODS: Twenty DMEK grafts not suitable for transplantation were manually prepared from organ-cultured corneoscleral discs and injected into culture media using the Endoject DMEK injector (Medicel AG, Wolfhalden, Switzerland). Based on the injection method, the grafts were divided into 2 groups: In group A (n = 10), a small air bubble was placed inside the graft roll while it was in the injector...
September 8, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899451/hand-hygiene-improvement-and-sustainability-assessing-a-breakthrough-collaborative-in-western-switzerland
#12
Anthony Staines, Isabelle Amherdt, Estelle Lécureux, Christiane Petignat, Philippe Eggimann, Marcos Schwab, Didier Pittet
OBJECTIVE To assess hand hygiene improvement and sustainability associated with a Breakthrough Collaborative. DESIGN Multicenter analysis of hand hygiene compliance through direct observation by trained observers. SETTING A total of 5 publicly funded hospitals in 14 locations, with a total of 1,152 beds, in the County of Vaud, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS Clinical staff. INTERVENTIONS In total, 59,272 opportunities for hand hygiene were monitored for the duration of the study, for an average of 5,921 per audit (range, 5,449-6,852)...
September 13, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898932/effects-of-thermopeaking-on-the-thermal-response-of-alpine-river-systems-to-heatwaves
#13
Meili Feng, Guido Zolezzi, Martin Pusch
Within the past 30years there have been two major heatwave events (in 2003 and 2006) that broke 500-year-old temperature records in Europe. Owing to the growing concern of rising temperatures, we analyzed the potential response in a number of river sections that are subject to hydropeaking and thermopeaking through the intermittent release of water from hydropower stations. Thermopeaking in alpine streams is known to intermittently cool down the river water in summer and to warm it up in winter. We analyzed the response of river water temperature to air temperature during heatwaves at 19 gauging stations across Switzerland, using a 30-yr dataset at a 10-min resolution...
September 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898129/trans-atlantic-comparison-of-ct-radiation-doses-in-the-era-of-radiation-dose-tracking-software
#14
Anushri Parakh, Andre Euler, Zsolt Szucs-Farkas, Sebastian T Schindera
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare diagnostic reference levels from a local European CT dose registry, using radiation-tracking software from a large patient sample, with preexisting European and North American diagnostic reference levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data (n = 43,761 CT scans obtained over the course of 2 years) for the European local CT dose registry were obtained from eight CT scanners at six institutions. Means, medians, and interquartile ranges of volumetric CT dose index (CTDIvol), dose-length product (DLP), size-specific dose estimate, and effective dose values for CT examinations of the head, paranasal sinuses, thorax, pulmonary angiogram, abdomen-pelvis, renal-colic, thorax-abdomen-pelvis, and thoracoabdominal angiogram were obtained using radiation-tracking software...
September 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895527/assessing-the-danger-of-self-sustained-hiv-epidemics-in-heterosexuals-by-population-based-phylogenetic-cluster-analysis
#15
Teja Turk, Nadine Bachmann, Claus Kadelka, Jürg Böni, Sabine Yerly, Vincent Aubert, Thomas Klimkait, Manuel Battegay, Enos Bernasconi, Alexandra Calmy, Matthias Cavassini, Hansjakob Furrer, Matthias Hoffmann, Huldrych F Günthard, Roger D Kouyos
Assessing the danger of transition of HIV transmission from a concentrated to a generalized epidemic is of major importance for public health. In this study, we develop a phylogeny-based statistical approach to address this question. As a case study, we use this to investigate the trends and determinants of HIV transmission among Swiss heterosexuals. We extract the corresponding transmission clusters from a phylogenetic tree. To capture the incomplete sampling, the delayed introduction of imported infections to Switzerland, and potential factors associated with basic reproductive number R0, we extend the branching process model to infer transmission parameters...
September 12, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895227/comparing-generic-drug-markets-in-europe-and-the-united-states-prices-volumes-and-spending
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Olivier J Wouters, Panos G Kanavos, Martin McKEE
Policy Points: Our study indicates that there are opportunities for cost savings in generic drug markets in Europe and the United States. Regulators should make it easier for generic drugs to reach the market. Regulators and payers should apply measures to stimulate price competition among generic drugmakers and to increase generic drug use. To meaningfully evaluate policy options, it is important to analyze historical context and understand why similar initiatives failed previously. CONTEXT: Rising drug prices are putting pressure on health care budgets...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894889/influence-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-administration-setups-on-microbubble-enhancement-a-focus-on-pediatric-applications
#17
Michael R Kramer, Nishi Bhagat, Susan J Back, Laura Poznick, Flemming Forsberg, Kassa Darge, John R Eisenbrey
BACKGROUND: In pediatrics, contrast-enhanced ultrasound offers high-quality imaging with an excellent safety profile. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of varying intravenous administration setups on in vitro enhancement and concentration of two commercially available ultrasound contrast agents, taking into consideration potential pediatric applications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We quantified in vitro enhancement using a flow phantom (ATS Laboratories, Bridgeport, CT) and Acuson S3000 ultrasound system (Siemens Healthineers, Mountain View, CA) with a 9L4 probe in Cadence pulse sequencing mode...
September 11, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894596/magmaris-a-new-generation-metallic-sirolimus-eluting-fully-bioresorbable-scaffold-present-status-and-future-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Claudio Rapetto, Massimo Leoncini
Drug-eluting stents (DES) have reached a high safety and efficacy profile, becoming the best option for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) based revascularization. However, despite their optimal performance, a few concerns remain regarding their use, mainly due to permanent caging of the vessels and its consequences, first of all late stent thrombosis (ST). Bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) aim to overcome these issues. The results achieved in randomized controlled trials (RCT) by the first generation of poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) based scaffolds were promising at 1 year, but the first long term reports (albeit flawed by non-optimal implantation technique) have been disappointing, showing, for instance, an increased risk of ST and target vessel myocardial infarction (TV-MI)...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894431/-i-want-therefore-i-am-anticipated-upward-mobility-reduces-ingroup-concern
#19
Marion Chipeaux, Clara Kulich, Vincenzo Iacoviello, Fabio Lorenzi-Cioldi
Empirical findings suggest that members of socially disadvantaged groups who join a better-valued group through individual achievement tend to express low concern for their disadvantaged ingroup (e.g., denial of collective discrimination, low intent to initiate collective action). In the present research, we investigated whether this tendency occurs solely for individuals who have already engaged in social mobility, or also for individuals who psychologically prepare themselves, that is 'anticipate', social mobility...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893550/specificity-of-two-hiv-screening-tests-detecting-simultaneously-hiv-1-p24-antigen-and-antibodies-to-hiv-1-and-2
#20
Annette Blaich, Andreas Buser, Marcel Stöckle, Christian Gehringer, Hans H Hirsch, Manuel Battegay, Thomas Klimkait, Reno Frei
This study aimed at assessing the specificity of the Elecsys(®) HIV combi PT in comparison to the ARCHITECT(®) HIV Ag/Ab Combo. With both of these assays, 3997 unselected sera from patients of a tertiary health care centre in Basel, Switzerland, were screened for HIV. Reactive sera were reanalysed on the VIDAS(®) HIV Duo Ultra to identify false-reactive specimens prior to confirmation by quantitative PCR and line immunoassay. The Elecsys(®) compared to the ARCHITECT(®) shows a similar specificity (99.7% versus 99...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
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