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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817832/successful-use-of-grenz-rays-for-disseminated-superficial-actinic-porokeratosis-report-of-8-cases
#1
Egle Ramelyte, Matilda Bylaite-Bucinskiene, Reinhard Dummer, Laurence Imhof
BACKGROUND: Disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis (DSAP) is a rare keratinization disorder with potential malignant transformation, for which present treatment strategies show limited success. AIM: To evaluate the response of DSAP lesions to grenz ray radiotherapy (RTx). METHODS: Data of patients treated with RTx at University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland, between 2004 and 2015, were reviewed. Patients with DSAP, who received at least 1 RTx treatment session and who had been followed up for at least 4 weeks were included in the further data analysis...
August 18, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817189/from-preparedness-to-risk-from-the-singular-risk-of-nuclear-war-to-the-plurality-of-all-hazards
#2
Joe Deville, Michael Guggenheim
Debates on risk have largely assumed risk to be the outcome of calculative practices. There is a related assumption that risk objects come only in one form, and that the reason not everything can be transformed into a risk is because of the difficulties in calculating and creating universal quantitative comparisons. In this article, building on recent studies of preparedness that have broadened understandings of risk, we provide an analysis of how preparedness measures might themselves produce risk, in particular through risk's durable instantiation, or what we call 'concretization'...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815917/hiv-infected-patients-beliefs-about-their-chronic-co-treatments-in-comparison-with-their-combined-antiretroviral-therapy
#3
S Kamal, O Bugnon, M Cavassini, M P Schneider
OBJECTIVES: Thanks to the success of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), HIV-infected patients can have almost a normal life expectancy. This has resulted in an aging HIV-infected population with other chronic comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and depression. Our hypothesis is that patients' perceptions of and attitudes towards their cART, which is perceived as crucial to their survival, differ from their beliefs about their co-treatments, and this may have an impact on their medication adherence...
August 16, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815845/proceedings-of-the-21st-annual-conference-of-the-european-society-for-domestic-animal-reproduction-esdar-bern-switzerland-24-26-august-2017
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814379/are-routine-radiographs-needed-the-day-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-surgery-for-distal-radius-and-ankle-fractures-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Florian Oehme, Annika Rühle, Julia Mühlhäusser, Lana Fourie, Björn-Christian Link, Reto Babst, Frank Jp Beeres
BACKGROUND: Distal radius and ankle fractures are one of the most common operatively treated fractures. To date, there is no consensus concerning the need for a standard postoperative radiograph. This leads to undesirable practice variations. A standardized radiograph in the department of radiology would theoretically be more reproducible and operator independent than an intraoperatively obtained fluoroscopic image. However, if adequate intraoperative radiographs have been obtained, it is questionable if these postoperative radiographs are necessary and will lead to changes in the treatment strategy...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813649/a-case-for-a-human-immuno-peptidome-project-consortium
#6
Etienne Caron, Ruedi Aebersold, Amir Banaei-Esfahani, Chloe Chong, Michal Bassani-Sternberg
A multidisciplinary group of researchers gathered at the Hönggerberg Campus at ETH Zurich, Switzerland, for the first meeting on the Human Immuno-Peptidome Project (https://hupo.org/human-immuno-peptidome-project/). The long-term goal of this project is to map the entire repertoire of peptides presented by human leukocyte antigen molecules using mass spectrometry technologies, and make its robust analysis accessible to any immunologist. Here we outline the specific challenges identified toward this goal, and within this framework, describe the structure of a multipronged program aimed at addressing these challenges and implementing solutions at a community-wide level...
August 15, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813490/low-validity-of-google-trends-for-behavioral-forecasting-of-national-suicide-rates
#7
Ulrich S Tran, Rita Andel, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Benedikt Till, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Martin Voracek
Recent research suggests that search volumes of the most popular search engine worldwide, Google, provided via Google Trends, could be associated with national suicide rates in the USA, UK, and some Asian countries. However, search volumes have mostly been studied in an ad hoc fashion, without controls for spurious associations. This study evaluated the validity and utility of Google Trends search volumes for behavioral forecasting of suicide rates in the USA, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Suicide-related search terms were systematically collected and respective Google Trends search volumes evaluated for availability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810586/worldwide-research-productivity-in-fracture-surgery-a-10-year-survey-of-publication-activity
#8
Jianzhong Sun, Ren Ding, Tai Ma, Xiaobing Shi, Chaolu Bao, Huapeng Guan
Worldwide research contributions have allowed the field of fracture surgery to progress. However, to the best of our knowledge, no studies have documented the main characteristics of publications from different countries. The present study aimed to determine the quantity and quality of worldwide research in fracture surgery. The Web of Science database was searched to identify fracture articles published between 2005 and 2014. The contributions of countries were evaluated based on paper and citation numbers, and the research output of each country was adjusted according to population size...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810322/-comparison-of-generic-and-original-imatinib-in-the-treatment-of-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-chronic-myelogenous-leukemia-in-chronic-phase-a-multicenter-retrospective-clinical-study
#9
H Jiang, L T Zhi, M Hou, J X Wang, D P Wu, X J Huang
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of generic imatinib (Genike, Chiatai Tianqing Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd.) and imatinib (Glevic, Novartis, Switzerland) in newly diagnosed patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP) . Methods: A retrospective study of 323 CML-CP patients (205 in Glivec treatment group and 118 in Genike group) who were ≥ 18 years old receiving imatinib monotherapy over the period of June 2013 to March 2016 was done to compare the differences of cytogenetics, molecular curative effect, survival, and adverse reactions between the two groups...
July 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808898/wilhelm-his-and-mechanistic-approaches-to-development-at-the-time-of-entwicklungsmechanik
#10
Jean-Claude Dupont
At the end of the nineteenth century, approaches from experimental physiology made inroads into embryological research. A new generation of embryologists felt urged to study the mechanisms of organ formation. This new program, most prominently defended by Wilhelm Roux (1850-1924), was called Entwicklungsmechanik. Named variously as "causal embryology", "physiological embryology" or "developmental mechanics", it catalyzed the movement of embryology from a descriptive science to one exploring causal mechanisms...
August 14, 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807331/health-insurance-subsidies-and-deductible-choice-evidence-from-regional-variation-in-subsidy-schemes
#11
Cornel Kaufmann, Christian Schmid, Stefan Boes
The extent to which premium subsidies can influence health insurance choices is an open question. In this paper, we explore the regional variation in subsidy schemes in Switzerland, designed as either in-kind or cash transfers, to study their impact on the choice of health insurance deductibles. Using health survey data and a difference-in-differences methodology, we find that in-kind transfers increase the likelihood of choosing a low deductible plan by approximately 4 percentage points (or 7%). Our results indicate that the response to in-kind transfers is strongest among women, middle-aged and unmarried individuals, which we explain by differences in risk-taking behavior, health status, financial constraints, health insurance and financial literacy...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804867/sources-of-distress-for-physicians-and-nurses-working-in-swiss-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#12
Sabine D Klein, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Manya J Hendriks, Ruth Baumann-Hölzle, Jürg C Streuli, Thomas M Berger, Jean-Claude Fauchère, On Behalf Of The Swiss Neonatal End-Of-Life Study Group
BACKGROUND: Medical personnel working in intensive care often face difficult ethical dilemmas. These may represent important sources of distress and may lead to a diminished self-perceived quality of care and eventually to burnout. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to identify work-related sources of distress and to assess symptoms of burnout among physicians and nurses working in Swiss neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: In summer 2015, we conducted an anonymous online survey comprising 140 questions about difficult ethical decisions concerning extremely preterm infants...
August 14, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804864/prescription-and-indication-for-oral-nutritional-supplements-in-a-swiss-university-hospital-a-prospective-survey
#13
Julie Mareschal, Jean Altwegg, Dimitri Berthet, Marinette Chikhi, Pierre Chopard, Séverine Graf, Christian Sierro, Claude Pichard, Laurence Genton
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Patients with an acute or chronically negative nutritional balance are at nutritional risk. Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are simple and effective medical treatments of nutritional risk. In the ambulatory setting, in Switzerland, ONS are reimbursed by public insurance under conditions defined by Swiss Society for Clinical Nutrition. The reimbursement requires a medical prescription for ONS and their delivery at the patient's home by a homecare service. The indication for the ONS, defined as a Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002) score ≥3, must also be present...
August 14, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804861/trends-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-amenable-mortality-in-switzerland-with-international-comparisons
#14
Anita Feller, Kurt Schmidlin, Kerri M Clough-Gorr
BACKGROUND: Amenable mortality is a composite measure of deaths from conditions that might be avoided by timely and effective healthcare. It was developed as an indicator to study health care quality. METHODS: We calculated mortality rates for the population aged 0-74 years for the time-period 1996-2010 and the following groups of causes of death: amenable conditions, ischaemic heart diseases (IHD, defined as partly amenable) and remaining conditions. We compared the Swiss results with those published for 16 other high-income countries...
August 14, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804007/antibiotic-therapy-duration-for-prosthetic-joint-infections-treated-by-debridement-and-implant-retention-dair-similar-long-term-remission-for-6-weeks-as-compared-to-12-weeks
#15
Hélène Chaussade, Ilker Uçkay, Albert Vuagnat, Jérôme Druon, Guillaume Gras, Philippe Rosset, Benjamin A Lipsky, Louis Bernard
BACKGROUND: The required duration of antibiotic treatment for prosthetic joint infections (PJI) with debridement and retention of the implant (DAIR procedure) is unknown. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective study emphasizing the duration of antibiotic therapy in patients treated with by DAIR. RESULTS: We included 87 hip or knee PJI episodes in 87 patients from three university hospitals in France and Switzerland. All debridements were performed within 3 weeks of symptom onset...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803230/revised-reference-values-for-potassium-intake
#16
Daniela Strohm, Sabine Ellinger, Eva Leschik-Bonnet, Friederike Maretzke, Helmut Heseker
BACKGROUND: The nutrition societies of Germany, Austria and Switzerland have revised the reference values for potassium intake in January 2017. METHODS: For adults, the estimated value was based on the 24-h urinary potassium excretion and on preventive considerations regarding hypertension and stroke. The estimated values for children and adolescents were extrapolated from the adult estimated value considering differences in body mass. For infants aged 0 to under 4 months, the estimated value was set based on the potassium intake via breast milk...
August 11, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802181/temporal-change-to-self-rated-health-in-the-swiss-population-from-1997-to-2012-the-roles-of-age-gender-and-education
#17
T Volken, F Wieber, P Rüesch, M Huber, R J Crawford
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to describe the temporal changes in self-rated health status (SRH) from 1997 to 2012 in adults aged 25 to 84 residing in Switzerland, with a view to identifying groups at risk for declining health. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of population-based cross-sectional health surveys. METHODS: Data were collected from the cross-sectional, population-based, five-year Swiss Health Survey, from 1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012...
August 9, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802171/parental-occupational-exposure-to-benzene-and-the-risk-of-childhood-cancer-a-census-based-cohort-study
#18
Ben Daniel Spycher, Judith Eva Lupatsch, Anke Huss, Johannes Rischewski, Christina Schindera, Adrian Spoerri, Roel Vermeulen, Claudia Elisabeth Kuehni
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on occupational exposures in parents and cancer risks in their children support a link between solvents and paints with childhood leukaemia. Few studies have focused specifically on benzene. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether parental occupational exposure to benzene is associated with an increased cancer risk in a census-based cohort of children. METHODS: From a census-based cohort study in Switzerland, we included children aged <16years at national censuses (1990, 2000)...
August 9, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801837/blunt-injuries-related-to-equestrian-sports-results-from-an-international-prospective-trauma-database-analysis
#19
Christian D Weber, Anthony R Nguyen, Rolf Lefering, Martijn Hofman, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the nature, management, and outcome of major injuries related to equestrian sports and to define the at-risk groups for serious and life-threatening injuries. METHODS: We analyzed demographic, pre-hospital, clinical, and outcome data from an international population-based prospective trauma database (TraumaRegister DGU®). Patients with major injuries (Injury Severity Score [ISS] ≥9 points) related to equestrian sports activities were included (January 1, 1993, to December 31, 2012)...
August 11, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801383/long-term-outcomes-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-countries-with-different-socioeconomic-environments-an-international-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Judith Kämpfer, Andriy Yagensky, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Stephan Windecker, Bernhard Meier, Mykhailo Pavelko, Iryna Sichkaruk, Piotr Kasprzyk, Marzin Gruchala, Mikael Giacomini, Lukas Räber, Hugo Saner
BACKGROUND: Hospital-based data on the impact of socioeconomic environment on long-term survival after myocardial infarction (MI) are lacking. We compared outcome and quality of secondary prevention in patients after MI living in three different socioeconomic environments including patients from three tertiary-care teaching hospitals with similar service population size in Switzerland, Poland and Ukraine. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of patients with a first MI in three different tertiary-care teaching hospitals in Bern (Switzerland), Gdansk (Poland) and Lutsk (Ukraine) during the acute phase in the year 2010 and follow-up of these patients with a questionnaire and, if necessary, telephone interviews 3...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
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