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Ondrej Balvín, Warren Booth
For over two decades, the bed bug, Cimex lectularius L. (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) has been undergoing a dramatic global resurgence, likely in part to the evolution of mechanisms conferring resistance to insecticides. One such mechanism is knock-down resistance (kdr), resulting from nonsynonymous mutations within the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) gene. To date, three mutations have been identified in C. lectularius, V419L, L925I, and I936F. Using Sanger sequencing, the frequency and distribution of these VGSC mutations across 131 populations collected from the bat-associated and human-associated lineages of C...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
Christoph Rudin, Hans H Hirsch, Rahel Spaelti, Sabine Schaedelin, Thomas Klimkait
BACKGROUND: Due to the lack of prospective data there is an ongoing debate about the need for screening and prevention programs for congenital toxoplasmosis in Europe. Accordingly, individual countries have chosen different public health strategies. METHODS: A cord-blood screening program for congenital toxoplasmosis was established in 1982 in obstetric units of hospitals in North-Western Switzerland. Samples were tested for specific IgG and IgM, and after 1992 also for IgA antibodies...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Robert Strohal, Martina Mittlböck, Gilbert Hämmerle
OBJECTIVE: Critical colonization or local infection is very common in chronic wounds, but clinically problematic. Because therapeutic options for these conditions are limited in number and efficacy, the study authors tested a new acid-oxidizing solution (AOS [Nexodyn]; APR Applied Pharma Research S.A., Balerna, Switzerland) to determine its ancillary antimicrobial properties and potential support for wound healing. DESIGN AND SETTING: This open-label clinical case series was conducted with a prospective, single-arm design at the Federal County Hospital in Bregenz, Austria...
April 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Sarah Ziegler, Margareta Schmid, Matthias Bopp, Georg Bosshard, Milo Alan Puhan
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, the number of patients continuously deeply sedated until death increased up to fourfold. The reasons for this increase remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To identify socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of sedated patients, and concurrent possibly life-shortening medical end-of-life decisions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional death certificate study in German-speaking Switzerland in 2001 and 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Non-sudden and expected deaths (2001: N = 2281, 2013: N = 2256) based on a random sample of death certificates and followed by an anonymous survey on end-of-life practices among attending physicians...
March 20, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Florian Falter, Nabeel Razzaq, Martin John, Jens Fassl, Markus Maurer, Sean Ewing, Ross Hofmeyr
Unfractionated heparin is the mainstay of anticoagulation during cardiac surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) due to its low cost, quick onset, and ease of reversal. Since over 30 years, the activated clotting time (ACT) has been used to assess the level of heparin activity both before and after CPB. We compared two different methods of measuring the ACT: i-STAT, which uses amperometric detection of thrombin cleavage, and Hemochron Jr, which is based on detecting viscoelastic changes in blood. We included 402 patients from three institutions (Papworth Hospital, Cambridge, UK; Groote Schuur, Cape Town, South Africa; University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland) undergoing elective cardiac surgery on CPB in our study...
March 2018: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
Gisela Weibel, Urs Eggenberger, Dmitrii A Kulik, Wolfgang Hummel, Stefan Schlumberger, Waldemar Klink, Martin Fisch, Urs K Mäder
Fly ash from municipal solid waste incineration contains a large potential for recyclable metals such as Zn, Pb, Cu and Cd. The Swiss Waste Ordinance prescribes the treatment of fly ash and recovery of metals to be implemented by 2021. More than 60% of the fly ash in Switzerland is acid leached according to the FLUWA process, which provides the basis for metal recovery. The investigation and optimization of the FLUWA process is of increasing interest and an industrial solution for direct metal recovery within Switzerland is in development...
March 17, 2018: Waste Management
Manuela Schnyder, Hubertus Hertzberg, Alexander Mathis, Marietta Schönmann, Adrian Hehl, Peter Deplazes
Pursuant to the Joint Declaration by 29 European education ministers in June 1999 in the city of Bologna, Italy, the so-called 'Bologna Process' was officially introduced at the Vetsuisse Faculty (Universities of Zurich and Berne) in Switzerland in 2007. The long-term goal of restructuring the study programmes was to create a common European Higher Education Area (EHEA), with uniform and clearly defined standards for degrees ("diplomas"). Accordingly, the Vetsuisse curriculum was organised as a 3-year Bachelor and a 2-year Master study program...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Ravi Gupta, Thomas J Bollyky, Matthew Cohen, Joseph S Ross, Aaron S Kesselheim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether off-patent prescription drugs at risk of sudden price increases or shortages in the United States are available from independent manufacturers approved in other well regulated settings around the world. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Off-patent drugs in the USA and approved by the Food and Drug Administration, up to 10 April 2017. STUDY COHORT: Novel tablet or capsule prescription drugs approved by the FDA since 1939 that were no longer protected by patents or other market exclusivity and had up to three generic versions...
March 19, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Stefanie Bachnick, Dietmar Ausserhofer, Marianne Baernholdt, Michael Simon
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered care is a key element of high-quality healthcare and determined by individual, structural and process factors. Patient-centered care is associated with improved patient-reported, clinical and economic outcomes. However, while hospital-level characteristics influence patient-centered care, little evidence is available on the association of patient-centered care with characteristic such as the nurse work environment or implicit rationing of nursing care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe patient-centered care in Swiss acute care hospitals and to explore the associations with nurse work environment factors and implicit rationing of nursing care...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Lisa A Ostrin, Auzita Sajjadi, Julia S Benoit
SIGNIFICANCE: Significant differences in light exposure were observed between school and summer in children, whereas activity and sleep were similar. Associations between parent and child behaviors suggest a potential mechanism for how myopia is transmitted from parents to children through patterns of environmental exposure, in addition to genetic factors. PURPOSE: Objectively measured time outdoors, light exposure, activity, and sleep were examined in children during school and summer and assessed with eye growth...
March 16, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Ahmad Yaseen, Sa'd Suleiman, Omar Abu Zenah, Adham Abu Taha
BACKGROUND: Red blood-cell transfusion has greatly reduced the mortality and morbidity in multiply transfused patients with thalassaemia and sickle cell disease. However, this can result in red blood-cell isoimmunisation with autoantibodies and alloantibodies, which can lead to serious complications such as delayed haemolytic transfusion reaction. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and types of alloantibodies in multiply transfused patients living in the north of the West Bank...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Magdalena Nüesch-Inderbinen, Katrin Zurfluh, Marc J A Stevens, Roger Stephan
OBJECTIVES: Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) have emerged worldwide and represent a major threat to human health. Here, we report the genome sequence of K. pneumoniae 002SK2, an NDM-9 and CTX-M-15 producing strain isolated from wastewater in Switzerland and belonging to the international high-risk clone ST147. METHODS: Whole genome sequencing of K. pneumoniae 002SK2 was performed using Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) single-molecule real-time (SMRT) technology RS2 reads (C4/P6 chemistry)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Costanza Pellegrini, Oliver Husser, Won-Keun Kim, Andreas Holzamer, Thomas Walther, Tobias Rheude, Nicola Patrick Mayr, Teresa Trenkwalder, Michael Joner, Jonathan Michel, Fabian Chaustre, Adnan Kastrati, Heribert Schunkert, Christof Burgdorf, Michael Hilker, Helge Möllmann, Christian Hengstenberg
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The incidence of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) and new conduction abnormalities (CA) with the ACURATE neo (Symetis S.A., Eclubens, Switzerland) has not been studied in detail. We aimed to analyze their predictors, evaluating patient- and device-related factors, including implantation depth and device-to-annulus ratio (DAR). METHODS: Two analyses of a multicenter population were performed: new PPI in pacemaker-naive patients (n = 283), and PPI/new-CA in patients without prior CA or pacemaker (n = 232)...
March 15, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
Daniela Schneid Schuh, Lucia Campos Pellanda, Idris Guessous, Pedro Marques-Vidal
Adherence to dietary guidelines is associated with significantly better health outcomes. Studies across the world shows that compliance with the guidelines was low, but data in Switzerland are lacking. Hence, we aimed to assess the 5-year trends in dietary compliance regarding food guidelines in Switzerland in a prospective, population-based observational study. Data from 2882 participants (1591 women, 35-75 years), from the first (2009-2012) and second (2014-2017) follow-up. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire...
March 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Gülşah Uslu, Taha Özyürek, Koray Yılmaz, Mustafa Gündoğar, Gianluca Plotino
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the amount of apically extruded debris by Reciproc Blue (REC Blue; VDW, Munich, Germany), HyFlex EDM (HEDM; Coltene/Whaledent, Altstätten, Switzerland), and XP-endo Shaper (XPS; FKG Dentaire SA, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) files during root canal preparation at body temperature. METHODS: Sixty extracted single-rooted mandibular premolar human teeth were randomly assigned to 3 groups (n = 20). The canals were instrumented using 1 of the following instruments: REC Blue, HEDM, or XPS...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Martin Vorster, Peet J van der Vyver, Farzana Paleker
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the glide path preparation times of stainless steel hand files, PathFiles (Dentsply Sirona, Ballaigues, Switzerland), and the WaveOne Gold Glider (Dentsply Sirona). The preparation times for final root canal shaping with the Primary WaveOne Gold instrument in extracted human molar teeth with and without prior glide path preparation were also recorded and compared. METHODS: Mesiobuccal canals of 60 extracted human mandibular molars (curvature angles between 25° and 35° and radii <10 mm) were selected and randomly divided into 4 groups with 15 canals each...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Alejandro Peña López, Antonio J Conde, Roberto Estevez, Oliver Valencia de Pablo, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Rafael Cisneros
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate porcine palatal mucosa dissolution by sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) with or without an auxiliary dissolving agent containing glycocholic acid and a mixture of surfactants (Keratobacter [KB]; Saint Joseph DID, Valencia, Spain). METHODS: One hundred forty samples were obtained from porcine palatal mucosa and weighed using a high-precision balance. The samples were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups (n = 35) based on the test solution used: distilled water (the negative control), CanalPro NaOCl 6% (Coltene Whaledent, Altstätten, Switzerland), KB, and a 9:1 vol/vol mixture of NaOCl with KB (NaOCl + KB)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Pouya Nezafati, Ali Shomali, Mahdi Kahrom, Sahar Omidvar Tehrani, Minoo Dianatkhah, Mohammad Hassan Nezafati
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to compare postoperative complications commonly revealed after sternotomy closure by new sternal ZipFix™ (Synthes GmbH, Oberdorf, Switzerland) implant and conventional steel wire. METHODS: Among the initial 360 subjects, 326 patients enrolled in this randomised control trial who were candidates for cardiac surgery from April 2014 to March 2015. After the surgery, the sternal closure was randomly done with poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) based sternal ZipFix (ZF) on the sternal body (n=168) or with conventional wires (CWs) (n=158)...
February 8, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Christina Staniforth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Luís P Carmo, Liza R Nielsen, Lis Alban, Paulo M da Costa, Gertraud Schüpbach-Regula, Ioannis Magouras
Reducing antimicrobial use (AMU) in livestock is requested by Public Health authorities. Ideally, this should be achieved without jeopardizing production output or animal health and welfare. Thus, efficient measures must be identified and developed to target drivers of AMU. Veterinarians play a central role in the identification and implementation of such efficient interventions. Sixty-seven veterinarians with expertise in livestock production in Denmark, Portugal, and Switzerland participated in an expert opinion study aimed at investigating experiences and opinions of veterinarians about the driving forces and practices related to AMU in the main livestock sectors (broiler, dairy cattle, fattening/veal calf, and pig industry) of the aforementioned countries...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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