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Franz Baumberger, Elsbeth Heinzelmann
For years biotechnet Switzerland has provided access to biotechnology capacity at Swiss universities of applied sciences, universities and research centres. Innovative companies put their trust in its support and services in research, development and training. Now two of the individuals who have made biotechnet what it is while keeping it on course for the future are departing.
October 2016: Chimia
Eyal Meltzer, Yael Paran, Yaniv Lustig, Shmuel Stienlauf, Miriam Weinberger, Eli Schwartz
During 2006-2014, four tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) cases occurred among Israeli travelers. We calculated TBE incidence at 321.0, 45.0, 13.2, and 7.5 cases/100,000 travelers/year of travel to Sweden, Switzerland, Austria, and Germany, respectively. TBE incidence among travelers to these destinations appears to justify TBE vaccination in accordance with World Health Organization recommendations.
January 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
M Bundi, L Meier, F Amsler, T Gross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential association of external factors such as time of day, lunar phases or specific weather conditions on the daily management and outcome of trauma emergencies remains under debate. We undertook this trauma centre investigation to detect possible worthwhile factors of influence in order to optimize the organizational structure of trauma admissions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis over the years 2010-2013, including all emergency trauma admissions with a new injury severity score (NISS) ≥8 (major trauma) treated in a teaching hospital in the lowland of Switzerland (uni- and multivariable analysis; p < 0...
October 24, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Chantal Grandjean, Jos M Latour, Jacques Cotting, Marie-Christine Fazan, Stéphane Leteurtre, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet
INTRODUCTION: Within paediatric intensive care units (PICUs), only a few parent satisfaction instruments are validated and none are available for French-speaking parents. The aims of the study were to translate and culturally adapt the Dutch EMPATHIC-65 questionnaire into a French version and to test its psychometric equivalence. METHODS: Two French-speaking PICUs in Switzerland and France participated. The questionnaire was translated using a standardised method and parents with PICU experience were interviewed to assess clarity of the translated version...
October 21, 2016: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
C Steiner, M P Steurer, D Mueller, M Zueger, A Dullenkopf
BACKGROUND: Midazolam is commonly used as a pre-anesthesia anxiolytic. It`s elimination may not be fast enough for short procedures. In orally premedicated patients we obtained midazolam plasma concentrations at the end of surgical procedures and compared those to concentrations at anesthesia induction. METHODS: The study was conducted prospectively with consent of the local ethics committee (Ethikkomission Kanton Thurgau, Switzerland) and carried out with written informed consent of each patient...
October 24, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Andreas Rohner, Jeannette D Widmer, Jennifer Klasen, Anita Scheiwiller, Dominik Muller, Markus K Muller
OBJECTIVE: The outcomes of patients undergoing band removal alone without an additional bariatric procedure after laparoscopic gastric banding are not well reported. We seek to close this gap in the literature. SETTING: Cantonal Hospital & University Teaching Hospital, Switzerland METHODS: In this retrospective study, we investigated 21 patients who underwent band removal with a mean follow-up of 63 months. Weight regain, co-morbidities, and quality of life were assessed...
September 14, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Alvaro Vidal, Nicolas Arnold, Mihai Dorin Vartolomei, Bernhard Kiss, Fiona Burkhard, George N Thalmann, Beat Roth
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate the long-term oncological and functional outcomes of postoperative total parenteral nutrition after radical cystectomy. METHODS: A total of 157 consecutive patients (≤cT3, cN0, cM0) who underwent extended pelvic lymph node dissection, radical cystectomy and ileal urinary diversion from September 2008 to March 2011 at a single center were randomized to receive either postoperative total parenteral nutrition (group A; n = 74) or oral nutrition alone (group B; n = 83)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Stephan Christian Möhlhenrich, Kristian Kniha, Dirk Elvers, Nassim Ayoub, Evgeny Goloborodko, Frank Hölzle, Ali Modabber
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of two different microvascular reanastomized bone transplants on primary (PS) and secondary stability (SS) of dental implants. Totally 96 implants (Bone Level, Institut Straumann AG, Basel, Switzerland) were inserted in fibula (n = 50) and iliac crest (n = 46) in mean of 97.7 SD 75.6 weeks after performing reconstructive surgery. For measuring PS and SS the resonance frequency (RFA) analysis was used in mesiodistal and vestibulo-oral direction to quantify the implant stability quotient (ISQ)...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Severin Haug, Peter Eggli, Michael P Schaub
BACKGROUND: Few studies have compared characteristics of clients entering alcohol treatment who differ in their drinking goal preferences or have investigated the relevance of drinking goals as a predictor of treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations between baseline drinking goal preferences and client characteristics as well as treatment retention and outcomes among clients in outpatient alcohol treatment. METHODS: Secondary data analyses on a longitudinal multicenter study investigating the effectiveness of outpatient alcohol treatment in Switzerland among 805 clients...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Samia A Hurst, Alex Mauron
Assisting suicide is legal in Switzerland if it is offered without selfish motive to a person with decision-making capacity. Although the 'Swiss model' for suicide assistance has been extensively described in the literature, the formally and informally protected liberties and claims of assistors and recipients of suicide assistance in Switzerland are incompletely captured in the literature. In this article, we describe the package of rights involved in the 'Swiss model' using the framework of Hohfeldian rights as modified by Wenar...
October 21, 2016: Bioethics
Julia F Sowislo, Claudia Lange, Sebastian Euler, Henning Hachtel, Marc Walter, Stefan Borgwardt, Undine E Lang, Christian G Huber
Background There is evidence for two different types and/or sources of mental illness stigma, namely the display of psychiatric symptoms and the use of psychiatric service institutions. However, no current study has compared the two. Furthermore, gaps exist in our knowledge of both types of stigma. Little is known about the perceived stigma of specific psychiatric service treatment environments, for instance forensic settings. In addition, systematic research on stigma attached to symptoms of personality disorders in the general population is scarce, and for borderline personality disorder, nonexistent...
October 19, 2016: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Christian Rellstab, Stefan Zoller, Lorenz Walthert, Isabelle Lesur, Andrea R Pluess, René Graf, Catherine Bodénès, Christoph Sperisen, Antoine Kremer, Felix Gugerli
Testing how populations are locally adapted and predicting their response to their future environment is of key importance in view of climate change. Landscape genomics is a powerful approach to investigate genes and environmental factors involved in local adaptation. In a pooled amplicon sequencing approach of 94 genes in 71 populations, we tested if >3'500 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the three most common oak species in Switzerland (Quercus petraea, Q. pubescens, Q. robur) show an association with abiotic factors related to local topography, historical climate, and soil characteristics...
October 19, 2016: Molecular Ecology
Harm Wienbergen, Otmar Pfister, Matthias Hochadel, Stephan Michel, Oliver Bruder, Björn Andrew Remppis, Micha Tobias Maeder, Ruth Strasser, Wolfgang von Scheidt, Matthias Pauschinger, Jochen Senges, Rainer Hambrecht
Iron deficiency (ID) has been identified as an important co-morbidity in patients with heart failure (HF). Intravenous iron therapy reduced symptoms and rehospitalizations of iron-deficient patients with HF in randomized trials. The present multicenter study investigated the "real-world" management of iron status in patients with HF. Consecutive patients with HF and ejection fraction ≤40% were recruited and analyzed from December 2010 to October 2015 by 11 centers in Germany and Switzerland. Of 1,484 patients with HF, iron status was determined in only 923 patients (62...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Inge Werner, Annette Aldrich, Benjamin Becker, Dennis Becker, Markus Brinkmann, Michael Burkhardt, Norbert Caspers, Sophie Campiche, Nathalie Chèvre, Rolf-Alexander Düring, Beate I Escher, Fabian Fischer, Sabrina Giebner, Katharina Heye, Henner Hollert, Marion Junghans, Cornelia Kienle, Katja Knauer, Muris Korkaric, Veronika Märkl, Jane Muncke, Jörg Oehlmann, Georg Reifferscheid, Daniel Rensch, Andreas Schäffer, Sabrina Schiwy, Simon Schwarz, Helmut Segner, Eszter Simon, Rita Triebskorn, Etiënne L M Vermeirssen, Thomas Wintgens, Markus Zennegg
This report provides a brief review of the 20th annual meeting of the German Language Branch of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC GLB) held from September 7th to 10th 2015 at ETH (Swiss Technical University) in Zurich, Switzerland. The event was chaired by Inge Werner, Director of the Swiss Centre for Applied Ecotoxicology (Ecotox Centre) Eawag-EPFL, and organized by a team from Ecotox Centre, Eawag, Federal Office of the Environment, Federal Office of Agriculture, and Mesocosm GmbH (Germany)...
2016: Environmental Sciences Europe
Katja Knauer
BACKGROUND: Chemical analysis of surface water conducted in European countries indicates that pesticides are often detected in surface waters. This asks regulatory authorities to consider these monitoring data while re-evaluating pesticide approval and setting appropriate risk mitigation measures. During the years 2005-2012, the cantons in Switzerland performed 345,000 pesticide measurements in surface waters. Overall, 203 approved pesticides were examined. For 60 of these substances, regulatory acceptable concentrations (RACs) were published, which were determined from ecotoxicological data in accordance with international test methods within the framework of the authorization procedure...
2016: Environmental Sciences Europe
Peter J Kelly, Gregory W Albers, Anastasios Chatzikonstantinou, Gian Marco De Marchis, Julia Ferrari, Paul George, Mira Katan, Michael Knoflach, Jong S Kim, Linxin Li, Eun-Jae Lee, Jean-Marc Olivot, Francisco Purroy, Nicolas Raposo, Peter M Rothwell, Vijay K Sharma, Bo Song, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Cathal Walsh, Yuming Xu, Aine Merwick
BACKGROUND: Identification of patients at highest risk of early stroke after transient ischaemic attack has been improved with imaging based scores. We aimed to compare the validity and prognostic utility of imaging-based stroke risk scores in patients after transient ischaemic attack. METHODS: We did a pooled analysis of published and unpublished individual-patient data from 16 cohort studies of transient ischaemic attack done in Asia, Europe, and the USA, with early brain and vascular imaging and follow up...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
Anne Vuadens, Simone Ackermann, Fabio Levi, Jean-Luc Bulliard
Switzerland, particularly its western region, has the highest incidence of melanoma in Europe. Although the risk of melanoma increases with sun overexposure during childhood, sun-related knowledge and attitudes of Swiss children are scarcely documented. We report the first investigation of the knowledge of the danger of ultraviolet radiation, attitudes towards a suntan and parental influence of schoolchildren in western Switzerland. All fifth, eighth and eleventh graders (average ages of 9, 12 and 15, respectively) in the 18 primary (fifth grade, n=431) and secondary (eighth and eleventh grades, n=837) public schools of La Chaux-de-Fonds were surveyed during regular school classes...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
Judith L Griffin, Marie Yersin, Stéphanie Baggio, Katia Iglesias, Venetia-Sofia Velonaki, Karine Moschetti, Bernard Burnand, Jean-Blaise Wasserfallen, Francis Vu, Corine Ansermet, Olivier Hugli, Jean-Bernard Daeppen, Patrick Bodenmann
OBJECTIVES: Frequent Emergency Department (ED) users have an elevated mortality, yet little is known about risk factors. Our aim was to characterize deceased frequent ED users and determine predictors of mortality. METHODS: This is a post-hoc analysis of all-cause mortality among frequent ED users participating in a randomized clinical trial on case management at the Lausanne University Hospital (Switzerland). We enrolled 250 frequent ED users (5+ visits/past year) in a 12-month randomized clinical trial; those with an estimated survival of fewer than 18 months were excluded...
October 4, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Heather Carter-Templeton, Leslie H Nicoll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Katja Bohner
Transitions Theory (TT) states that change and transition are phenomena that make humans more vulnerable to health risks. Transitions Theory was evaluated through a text analysis of 4 publications, 3 nursing expert focus group interviews in Switzerland, and a mapping review of the transition literature of the last 5 years. Although the implementation of TT into Swiss nursing practice seems problematic due to conceptual deficiencies, transition is a meaningful nursing topic. The connection between TT, research, and practice is weak...
October 3, 2016: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
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