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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944048/dysmenorrhea-and-related-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Mariagiulia Bernardi, Lucia Lazzeri, Federica Perelli, Fernando M Reis, Felice Petraglia
Dysmenorrhea is a common symptom secondary to various gynecological disorders, but it is also represented in most women as a primary form of disease. Pain associated with dysmenorrhea is caused by hypersecretion of prostaglandins and an increased uterine contractility. The primary dysmenorrhea is quite frequent in young women and remains with a good prognosis, even though it is associated with low quality of life. The secondary forms of dysmenorrhea are associated with endometriosis and adenomyosis and may represent the key symptom...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938062/news-from-the-editors-roberto-romero-editor-of-ultrasound-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-from-2003-to-2017-steps-down
#2
Stuart Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934086/towards-ontology-based-decision-support-systems-for-complex-ultrasound-diagnosis-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#3
P Maurice, F Dhombres, E Blondiaux, S Friszer, L Guilbaud, N Lelong, B Khoshnood, J Charlet, N Perrot, E Jauniaux, D Jurkovic, J-M Jouannic
INTRODUCTION: We have developed a new knowledge base intelligent system for obstetrics and gynecology ultrasound imaging, based on an ontology and a reference image collection. This study evaluates the new system to support accurate annotations of ultrasound images. We have used the early ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancies as a model clinical issue. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The ectopic pregnancy ontology was derived from medical texts (4260 ultrasound reports of ectopic pregnancy from a specialist center in the UK and 2795 Pubmed abstracts indexed with the MeSH term "Pregnancy, Ectopic") and the reference image collection was built on a selection from 106 publications...
May 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904809/magnetic-resonance-imaging-performance-for-diagnosis-of-ovarian-torsion-in-pregnant-women-with-stimulated-ovaries
#4
Elizabeth Asch, Jesse Wei, Koenraad J Mortele, Kathryn Humm, Kim Thornton, Deborah Levine
BACKGROUND: To determine if asymmetric ovarian edema on non-contrast MRI can be used to distinguish torsed from non-torsed stimulated ovaries in pregnant women. METHODS: In this retrospective study, our radiology database was searched for women who were pregnant and who had undergone ovarian stimulation and underwent MRI abdomen/pelvis from 1/2000-12/2012. At our institution, ultrasound is typically performed as a first line study for pregnant women with pelvic pain, with MR for those patients with indeterminate findings...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899594/delayed-detection-of-spontaneous-bilateral-tubal-ectopic-pregnancies-after-methotrexate-treatment
#5
Nicole E Brown, Shereen A Singer, Joe Suyama
BACKGROUND: Bilateral tubal ectopic pregnancies are a rare subset of ectopic pregnancy that can pose a diagnostic dilemma for clinicians. There is no distinct clinical presentation for bilateral tubal ectopic pregnancies, although they are typically associated with assistive reproductive techniques. In addition, there is no single diagnostic feature to help clinicians delineate bilateral tubal ectopic pregnancies from other types of ectopic pregnancy prior to passing the discriminatory zone (such as heterotopic pregnancy or twin ectopic [two gestational sacs in one tube])...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894855/evaluation-on-the-practice-and-behaviour-of-women-applied-for-gynecology-outpatient-clinics-about-screening-methods-for-early-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer
#6
Meryem Hocaoğlu, Aynur Adeviye Erşahin, Esra Akdeniz
OBJECTIVE: Breast self-examination (BSE), clinical breast exam (CBE), mammography and ultrasound imaging (UI) are screening methods used for early diagnosis of breast cancer (BC). The purpose of this study is to put forth the utilization frequency of these screening methods among women presenting to the gynecology outpatient clinics and the relation of these data with the socio-demographic characteristics of the women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted among 429 women (age, 16-80 years) who were admitted to the gynecology outpatient clinics...
July 2017: Eur J Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894332/breast-cancer-screening-updated-recommendations-of-the-brazilian-college-of-radiology-and-diagnostic-imaging-brazilian-breast-disease-society-and-brazilian-federation-of-gynecological-and-obstetrical-associations
#7
Linei Augusta Brolini Dellê Urban, Luciano Fernandes Chala, Selma di Pace Bauab, Marcela Brisighelli Schaefer, Radiá Pereira Dos Santos, Norma Medicis de Albuquerque Maranhão, Ana Lucia Kefalas, José Michel Kalaf, Carlos Alberto Pecci Ferreira, Ellyete de Oliveira Canella, João Emílio Peixoto, Heverton Leal Ernesto de Amorim, Helio Sebastião Amâncio de Camargo Junior
OBJECTIVE: To present the current recommendations for breast cancer screening in Brazil, as devised by the Brazilian College of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, the Brazilian Breast Disease Society, and the Brazilian Federation of Gynecological and Obstetrical Associations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed scientific studies available in the Medline and Lilacs databases. In the absence of evidence, the recommendations reflected the consensus of a panel of experts...
July 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888707/the-value-of-laparoscopy-in-the-management-of-chronic-groin-pain
#8
Abdulzahra Hussain, Ihsan Al-Shoek, Ajay Arora, Jonathan Walczak, Shamsi El-Hasani
BACKGROUND: Chronic groin pain problem represents a diagnostic and management challenge. This study is reporting all patients who underwent laparoscopic exploration of the groin and pelvis for undiagnosed chronic groin pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study. Evaluators were not involved in the operations. Laparoscopic exploration and mesh insertion using Trans-Abdominal Pre-Preitoneal (TAPP) approach was performed for all patients. Follow up in the; clinic at 2 weeks and 6 months was arranged...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884300/what-every-radiologist-should-know-about-adnexal-torsion
#9
Guillaume Ssi-Yan-Kai, Anne-Laure Rivain, Caroline Trichot, Marie-Chantal Morcelet, Sophie Prevot, Xavier Deffieux, Jocelyne De Laveaucoupet
Adnexal torsion is the fifth most common gynecologic surgical emergency, requiring clinician and radiologist awareness. It involves the rotation of the ovarian tissue on its vascular pedicle leading to stromal edema, hemorrhagic infarction, and necrosis of the adnexal structures with the subsequent sequelae. Expedient diagnosis poses a difficult challenge because the clinical presentation is variable and often misleading. Adnexal torsion can mimic malignancy as it can take a subacute, intermittent, or chronic course, and thereby can be complicated to diagnose...
September 7, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876497/automated-follicle-count-using-three-dimensional-ultrasound-in-polycystic-ovarian-morphology
#10
W Froyman, D Van Schoubroeck, D Timmerman
A 24-year-old nulligravida was referred for gynecological ultrasonography since she presented at the outpatient clinic with the complaint of secondary amenorrhea after stopping the combined oral contraceptive pill ten months before. Physical examination showed no abnormalities. Two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound (GE Voluson E10 Expert, GE Medical Systems, Zipf, Austria) showed a normal anteverted uterus with a regular and thin endometrium (double endometrial thickness 2 mm).
September 6, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875758/review-of-the-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-vulvar-leiomyoma-a-rare-gynecological-tumor
#11
Chao Sun, Junkai Zou, Qing Wang, Qi Wang, Lu Han, Nasra Batchu, Qurat Ulain, Jiang Du, Shulan Lv, Qing Song, Qiling Li
The objective of this article is to discuss the pathophysiology, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and therapy of vulvar leiomyoma. We performed a review of all English-language reports of vulvar leiomyoma published in PubMed from 1978 to 2015 using the following search terms: "vulval leiomyoma," "vulvar leiomyoma," "vulval smooth muscle tumor," and "external genitalia smooth muscle tumor." Vulvar leiomyomas, which are rare benign monoclonal tumors, most commonly occur in the fourth and fifth decades of life...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870935/detection-of-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-by-ultrasound-and-mammography-size-dependent-inaccuracy
#12
Christian Eichler, Sharareh Abrar, Julian Puppe, Mariam Arndt, Ralf Ohlinger, Markus Hahn, Mathias Warm
BACKGROUND: Retrospective analysis of breast cancer imaging methods is a common tool for evaluating the effectiveness of ultrasound and mammography regarding ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). No large number subpopulation of pure DCIS has been reported. It is however known that mammography and ultrasound underestimate tumor dimension with increasing tumor size. We aimed to quantify this discrepancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis reviewed the ultrasound and mammography data from 173 patients with DCIS at the University of Cologne - Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics between the years 2007 and 2010...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856829/efficacy-and-safety-of-very-early-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-a-cohort-study
#13
Isabella Bizjak, Christian Fiala, Linus Berggren, Helena Hognert, Ingrid Sääv, Johan Bring, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of medical termination of pregnancy (MTOP) where no intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) is confirmed on ultrasound. DESIGN: Retrospective case note review. SETTING: Two gynecological clinics in Vienna, Austria and Gothenburg, Sweden. POPULATION: All women with gestations of ≤49 days undergoing an MTOP during 2004-2014 (Vienna) and 2012-2015 (Gothenburg). METHODS: Two study cohorts were created; women with and women without a confirmed IUP...
August 30, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852842/the-impact-of-combined-nutraceutical-supplementation-on-quality-of-life-and-metabolic-changes-during-the-menopausal-transition-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#14
Paola Villa, Inbal D Amar, Carolina Bottoni, Clelia Cipolla, Giorgia Dinoi, Maria C Moruzzi, Giovanni Scambia, Antonio Lanzone
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a combined nutraceutical supplement on symptoms and early metabolic alterations during the menopausal transition. This pilot randomized study was conducted at the service for menopause disorders of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. METHODS: Ninety women in menopausal transition who attended our service with menopausal symptoms were enrolled in the study...
August 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840274/prevalence-of-levator-ani-muscle-avulsion-and-effect-on-quality-of-life-in-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#15
Chun Hung Yu, Symphorosa Shing Chee Chan, Rachel Yau Kar Cheung, Tony Kwok Hung Chung
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsion is associated with pelvic organ prolapse (POP). There is limited information on the prevalence of LAM avulsion in Chinese women with POP. This study evaluated the prevalence of LAM avulsion in women presenting with POP and the effects on their quality of life (QoL). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in a tertiary urogynecology center. Chinese women presenting with POP were recruited and completed standardized questionnaires exploring their symptoms and QoL and underwent gynecological examination to assess the stage of POP and involved compartments...
August 24, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838323/use-of-an-endotracheal-tube-for-surgical-abortion-complicated-by-a-leiomyomatous-uterus-a-case-report
#16
Christy M Boraas, Catherine A Chappell, Colleen M Krajewski
BACKGROUND: Abnormal uterine anatomy, especially leiomyomas, can significantly impact the difficulty and potential morbidity of surgical uterine evacuation. To avoid hysterotomy and/or hysterectomy, limited evidence exists to guide surgical uterine evacuation when pregnancy tissue is inaccessible with routine instruments. CASE PRESENTATION: A 41-year-old G4P1021 African American woman at 14 4/7 weeks' gestation was referred for surgical-induced abortion in the setting of an enlarged leiomyomatous uterus...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829510/clinical-outcomes-after-resectoscopic-treatment-of-cesarean-induced-isthmocele-a-prospective-case-control-study
#17
L Muzii, L Domenici, F Lecce, M Di Feliciantonio, R Frantellizzi, C Marchetti, M Monti, P Benedetti Panici
OBJECTIVE: Isthmocele represents a reservoir on the anterior wall of the uterine isthmus or of the cervical canal at the site of a previous cesarean delivery scar. Recently, it has been clarified that it might be the cause of several gynecologic symptoms, as most common abnormal uterine bleeding. Hysteroscopy and trans-vaginal ultrasound are considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of this defect. Resectoscopic treatment can be considered effective in small size defects, but no randomized clinical trials are available...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809063/color-and-power-doppler-combined-with-fetal-intelligent-navigation-echocardiography-fine-to-evaluate-the-fetal-heart
#18
L Yeo, R Romero
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of color and bidirectional power Doppler ultrasound combined with Fetal Intelligent Navigation Echocardiography (FINE) in examining the fetal heart. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted of fetuses in the second and third trimesters with a normal heart or with congenital heart disease (CHD). One or more spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) volume datasets, combined with color or bidirectional power Doppler (S-flow) imaging, were acquired in the apical four-chamber view...
August 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806987/a-prospective-study-to-evaluate-the-risk-malignancy-index-and-its-diagnostic-implication-in-patients-with-suspected-ovarian-mass
#19
Santosh Kumar Dora, Atal Bihari Dandapat, Benudhar Pande, Jatindra Prasad Hota
BACKGROUND: There is no universal screening method for discrimination between benign and malignant adnexal masses yet. Various authors have tried tumor markers, imaging studies, cytology but no one yet is a definite method for screening of cancer ovary, for which a combined diagnostic modality has come to practice in form of RMI. With this background we conducted our study "Evaluation of risk malignancy index and its diagnostic value in patients with adnexal masses". METHODS: The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of risk of malignancy index (RMI-3) in preoperative discrimination between benign and malignant masses and also to reveal the most suitable cut off value...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802593/evaluation-of-ultrasound-guided-posterior-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-laparoscopic-gynecologic-surgery
#20
Junichi Ishio, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Haruki Kido, Toshiaki Minami
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of ultrasound-guided posterior quadratus lumborum block (QLB) in treating postoperative pain following laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study. PATIENTS: Seventy adult patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic gynaecological surgery under general anesthesia. INTERVENTION: This randomized controlled study involved two groups of adult females who were scheduled to undergo laparoscopic gynecologic surgery under general anesthesia...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
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