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gynecology ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146388/the-role-of-pelvic-ultrasound-in-preoperative-evaluation-for-laparoscopic-myomectomy
#1
Clarissa Frascà, Gianmarco Tuzzato, Alessandro Arena, Eugenia Degli Esposti, Margherita Zanello, Diego Raimondo, Renato Seracchioli
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of pelvic ultrasonography (US) in preoperative evaluation before laparoscopic myomectomy. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Tertiary level referral center of minimally invasive gynecologic surgery, Sant'Orsola University Hospital, Bologna, Italy. PATIENTS: One hundred and one of the 125 women undergoing laparoscopic myomectomy from September 2015 to May 2016 were included...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131023/evaluation-of-serum-nidogen-2-as-a-screening-and-diagnostic-tool-for-ovarian-cancer
#2
Haitham A Torky, Ahmed Sherif, Ashraf Abo-Louz, Mohamed Ali, Ali Ahmed, Ahmad Ali
INTRODUCTION: Ovarian cancer is a relatively common occurrence with the formation of a tumour in the ovaries and is the leading cause of death in the gynecological field. Despite enormous efforts, there are no successful screening methods developed until now to decrease mortality in this regard. AIM: To evaluate nidogen-2 as a new tumour marker combined with higher sensitivity, specificity and accuracy than carbohydrate antigen (CA-125) and Doppler ultrasound to improve early diagnosis of ovarian cancer...
November 7, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113516/medical-genetics-and-genomics-training-inobstetrics-and-gynecology-residencies-are-we-ready-for-the-future
#3
Manesha Putra, Jay Idler, Jing Dai, Miriam G Blitzer, Gerald Feldman, Robert J Sokol
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the availability and duration of formal medical genetics and genomics (MGG) education during obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) residency training in the US compared to other noncore OB/GYN rotations. METHODS: We performed a review of rotation schedules published in all American Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited OB/GYN residency programs' websites during the month of December 2016...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112641/obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-sara-harvey-md-ovarian-masses-with-papillary-projections-diagnosed-and-removed-during-pregnancy-ultrasound-features-and-histological-diagnosis
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110807/psychobiological-correlates-of-vaginismus-an-exploratory-analysis
#5
Elisa Maseroli, Irene Scavello, Sarah Cipriani, Manuela Palma, Massimiliano Fambrini, Giovanni Corona, Edoardo Mannucci, Mario Maggi, Linda Vignozzi
BACKGROUND: Evidence concerning the determinants of vaginismus (V), in particular medical conditions, is inconclusive. AIM: To investigate, in a cohort of subjects consulting for female sexual dysfunction, whether there is a difference in medical and psychosocial parameters between women with V and women with other sexual complaints. METHODS: A series of 255 women attending our clinic for female sexual dysfunction was consecutively recruited...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108903/-fake-it-until-they-make-it-practical-obstetrical-and-gynecological-ultrasound-education-nowadays-in-france
#6
EDITORIAL
G E Chalouhi, A Gueneuc, J M Levaillant, Y Ville
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103058/diagnosis-and-classification-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-by-transperineal-two-dimensional-ultrasound
#7
Yan-Qing Li, Jing Geng, Cheng Tan, Jun Tang, Xin Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the significance of transperineal two-dimensional ultrasound in the diagnosis and classification of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: A total of 87 preoperative SUI patients (group A) from the Department of Gynecology of Peking University People's Hospital were included into this study. These patients were further divided into two groups (groups A1 and A2) according to the severity of their disease...
October 23, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099111/subtle-metabolic-alterations-in-adolescents-with-obesity-and-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#8
Víctor Saúl Vital-Reyes, Mardia Guadalupe Lopez-Alarcón, Patricia Inda-Icaza, Concepción Márquez-Maldonado
Objective: To evaluate the frequency of some subtle metabolic alterations in a group of adolescents with obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, comparative study was conducted in a group of adolescents with obesity, and characterized as with or without PCOS according with the Rotterdam Consensus. Medical history, anthropometry, gynecologic pelvic ultrasound (to evaluate ovarian volumes, number of antral follicles and endometrial width), as well as serum glucose, insulin, lipoproteins, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, total testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, sexual hormones binding globulin, leptin, adiponectin and insulin-like growth factor 1, the free-androgen index, free and available testosterone, and homeostatic model assessment index were calculated...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077171/preterm-birth-incidence-risk-factors-and-second-trimester-cervical-length-in-a-single-center-population-a-two-year-retrospective-study
#9
R Granese, S Mantegna, S Mondello, D Amadore, G Imbesi, G Calagna, R Marci, E R Magro Malosso, O Triolo
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence and the major risk factors (RFs) associated with preterm birth (PTB), combining both maternal RFs and cervical length (CL), and to understand if cervical length measurement is really useful in all the patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 2048 women admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Messina, over a 2-year period. Preterm cases represented approximately 8...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046621/applying-a-statistical-method-in-transvaginal-ultrasound-training-lessons-from-the-learning-curve-cumulative-summation-test-lc-cusum-for-endometriosis-mapping
#10
Vered H Eisenberg, Juan L Alcazar, Nissim Arbib, Eyal Schiff, Reuven Achiron, Motti Goldenberg, David Soriano
BACKGROUND: Methods available for assessing the learning curve, such as a predefined number of procedures or direct mentoring are lacking. Our aim was to describe the use of a statistical method to identify the minimal training length of an experienced sonographer, newly trained in deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) mapping by evaluating the learning curve of transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) in the preoperative assessment of endometriosis. METHODS: A retrospective study in a tertiary referral center for endometriosis...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026065/urethral-diverticulum-presenting-as-a-large-vaginal-mass-complicating-pregnancy-and-delivery
#11
Everett F Magann, Lisa S Newton, Susan A Barr
BACKGROUND A case report of urethral diverticulum complicating pregnancy is presented. The diagnosis and management are challenging because of the rare nature of this condition, the varied presentations and differential diagnoses, and the possibility of misdiagnosis. CASE REPORT A 25-year-old primigravida with scheduled induction of labor at 39 weeks gestation due to gestational diabetes mellitus presented for a routine antenatal appointment at 38 weeks and four days. On digital cervical examination, she was found to have a large semi-solid anterior vaginal mass, shown by trans-vaginal ultrasound to have a nearly solid appearance of a 5×7 cm mass with septation...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025054/presence-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-is-associated-with-longer-anogenital-distance-in-adult-mediterranean-women
#12
María L Sánchez-Ferrer, Jaime Mendiola, Ana I Hernández-Peñalver, Shiana Corbalán-Biyang, Ana Carmona-Barnosi, María T Prieto-Sánchez, Aníbal Nieto, Alberto M Torres-Cantero
STUDY QUESTION: Is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) associated with anogenital distance (AGD), a biomarker of fetal androgen exposure, in adult Mediterranean women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Longer AGD is associated with PCOS in adult Mediterranean women. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: AGD is a biomarker of prenatal androgen milieu. Human observational studies have reported that associations between AGD and reproductive parameters in both sexes. Exposure of the female fetus to intrauterine androgens may be a risk factor for PCOS in adulthood...
November 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020779/management-of-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-mtop-up-until-the-7th-week-of-gestation-in-the-czech-republic
#13
P Slunska, J Hanacek, M Fanta, B Sehnal, R Gerychová, A Hola, A Zdenkova, H Neumannová, M Dziakova, M Lubusky
OBJECTIVE: In the Czech Republic (CR), it is possible, to carry out Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MToP) in the 1st trimester since June 2014, in case a woman submits a written request for it and in case the ultrasound examination confirms an intrauterine singleton prosperous pregnancy, between day 42 and 49 of gestation, crown-rump length (CRL) of the embryo 2-9 mm. The aim of the study is to analyze the management of MToP up until the 7th week of gestation in five centres in the CR...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020778/-management-of-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-mtop-up-until-the-7th-week-of-gestation-in-the-czech-republic
#14
P Slunska, J Hanacek, M Fanta, B Sehnal, R Gerychová, A Hola, A Zdenkova, H Neumannová, M Dziakova, M Lubusky
OBJECTIVE: In the Czech Republic (CR), it is possible, to carry out Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MToP) in the 1st trimester since June 2014, in case a woman submits a written request for it and in case the ultrasound examination confirms an intrauterine singleton prosperous pregnancy, between day 42 and 49 of gestation, crown-rump length (CRL) of the embryo 2-9 mm. The aim of the study is to analyze the management of MToP up until the 7th week of gestation in five centres in the CR...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016577/can-a-leaflet-with-brief-verbal-instruction-teach-nepali-women-how-to-correctly-contract-their-pelvic-floor-muscles
#15
Delena-Mae Caagbay, Kirsten Black, Ganesh Dangal, Camille Raynes-Greenow
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common disorder for women in Nepal causing symptoms and reduced quality of life. Pelvic floor muscle exercise is a conservative treatment option for pelvic organ prolapse but the effective way to teach women in Nepal is not known. The objective of this pilot study was to determine if an illustrative leaflet with brief verbal instruction could teach Nepali women to correctly contract their pelvic floor muscles. METHODS: Fifteen parous women attending two outpatient gynecology clinics in Kathmandu Valley were interviewed to assess their knowledge of pelvic organ prolapse and pelvic floor muscles exercise...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979167/three-dimensional-four-dimensional-transperineal-ultrasound-clinical-utility-and-future-prospects
#16
REVIEW
Ginevra Salsi, Ilaria Cataneo, Gaia Dodaro, Nicola Rizzo, Gianluigi Pilu, Mar Sanz Gascón, Aly Youssef
During the last decade, there has been a huge advancement in the use of transperineal ultrasound (TPU) in the field of obstetrics and gynecology. Its main applications in obstetrics include the monitoring of fetal progression in labor and recently the assessment of maternal pelvic dimensions, whereas in gynecology, TPU is at present widely used for the evaluation of the female pelvic floor, opening new boundaries for the assessment of pelvic floor disorders. The association of volumetric three-dimensional techniques has largely contributed to the remarkable progress that has occurred in the use of TPU...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975020/a-case-of-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-developing-from-the-broad-ligament-of-the-uterus
#17
Yui Itonaga, Masakazu Nishida, Harunobu Matsumoto, Kaei Nasu, Hisashi Narahara
Neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC), also called small cell carcinoma or large cell carcinoma, is a rare and aggressive tumor that develops mainly in the lung and intestine. More rarely, NEC develops in gynecologic organs, with poor prognoses. We experienced a case of NEC in the broad ligament of the uterus. The patient was a 74-year-old woman with symptoms of abdominal distension and constipation. Ultrasound sonography detected an abdominal tumor larger than 10 cm. She was then admitted to our hospital. She underwent surgery under the diagnosis of ovarian cancer, but the bilateral ovaries and uterus were normal in appearance, and a tumor was developing instead from the broad ligament of the uterus...
July 3, 2017: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944048/dysmenorrhea-and-related-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Mariagiulia Bernardi, Lucia Lazzeri, Federica Perelli, Fernando M Reis, Felice Petraglia
Dysmenorrhea is a common symptom secondary to various gynecological disorders, but it is also represented in most women as a primary form of disease. Pain associated with dysmenorrhea is caused by hypersecretion of prostaglandins and an increased uterine contractility. The primary dysmenorrhea is quite frequent in young women and remains with a good prognosis, even though it is associated with low quality of life. The secondary forms of dysmenorrhea are associated with endometriosis and adenomyosis and may represent the key symptom...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938062/news-from-the-editors-roberto-romero-editor-of-ultrasound-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-from-2003-to-2017-steps-down
#19
Stuart Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934086/towards-ontology-based-decision-support-systems-for-complex-ultrasound-diagnosis-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#20
P Maurice, F Dhombres, E Blondiaux, S Friszer, L Guilbaud, N Lelong, B Khoshnood, J Charlet, N Perrot, E Jauniaux, D Jurkovic, J-M Jouannic
INTRODUCTION: We have developed a new knowledge base intelligent system for obstetrics and gynecology ultrasound imaging, based on an ontology and a reference image collection. This study evaluates the new system to support accurate annotations of ultrasound images. We have used the early ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancies as a model clinical issue. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The ectopic pregnancy ontology was derived from medical texts (4260 ultrasound reports of ectopic pregnancy from a specialist center in the UK and 2795 Pubmed abstracts indexed with the MeSH term "Pregnancy, Ectopic") and the reference image collection was built on a selection from 106 publications...
May 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
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