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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453631/prenatal-cerebellar-growth-trajectories-and-the-impact-of-periconceptional-maternal-and-fetal-factors
#1
I V Koning, J Dudink, I A L Groenenberg, S P Willemsen, I K M Reiss, R P M Steegers-Theunissen
STUDY QUESTION: CAN WE assess human prenatal cerebellar growth from the first until the third trimester of pregnancy and create growth trajectories to investigate associations with periconceptional maternal and fetal characteristics? SUMMARY ANSWER: Prenatal growth trajectories of the human cerebellum between 9 and 32 weeks gestational age (GA) were created using three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) and show negative associations with pre-pregnancy and early first trimester BMI calculated from self-reported and standardized measured weight and height, respectively...
April 27, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449311/reproducibility-of-the-international-endometrial-analysis-group-color-score-for-assigning-the-amount-of-flow-within-the-endometrium-using-stored-3-dimensional-volumes
#2
Juan Luis Alcázar, María Ángela Pascual, Silvia Ajossa, Cristina de Lorenzo, Alba Piras, Lourdes Hereter, Leire Juez, Paola Fabbri, Betlem Graupera, Stefano Guerriero
OBJECTIVES: To estimate intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility for assigning an International Endometrial Tumor Analysis (IETA) group color score for endometrial vascularization on color Doppler imaging. METHODS: Sixty-eight endometrial 3-dimensional volumes from endometrial color Doppler assessments of women with different endometrial disorders were evaluated by 8 different examiners (4 skilled examiners and 4 obstetric and gynecologic trainees). One skilled examiner who did not participate in the assessments selected the 68 volumes from a database to select a balanced number of each IETA score...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448435/a-resident-s-perspective-of-ovarian-cancer
#3
Christopher G Smith
Identifying, understanding, and curing disease is a lifelong endeavor for any medical practitioner. Equally as important is to be cognizant of the impact a disease has on the individual suffering from it, as well as on their family. Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death from gynecologic malignancies. Symptoms are vague, and the disease is generally at an advanced stage at diagnosis. Efforts have been made to develop methods to identify ovarian cancer at earlier stages, thus improving overall mortality...
April 27, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442932/granular-cell-tumor-in-breast-a-case-report
#4
Maria Castillo Lara, Antonia Martínez Herrera, Rafael Torrejón Cardoso, Daniel Maria Lubián López
Granular cell tumor (GCT) is a rare neoplasm of the soft tissues, and <1% of all GCTs are malignant. It usually appears in the tongue and sometimes may affect the female breast. Initially, GCT was considered to be a myogenic lesion affecting female breast (myoblastoma). Actually, it is assumed as a tumor originating from perineural or putative Schwann cells of peripheral nerves or their precursors that grows in the lobular breast tissue, due to the immunohistochemical features. Here, we review the importance of differentiating between this tumor and malignant breast carcinoma...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#5
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412862/impact-of-transvaginal-hydrolaparoscopy-ovarian-drilling-on-ovarian-stromal-blood-flow-and-ovarian-volume-in-clomiphene-citrate-resistant-pcos-patients-a-case-control-study
#6
Pierluigi Giampaolino, Ilaria Morra, Nicoletta De Rosa, Angelo Cagnacci, Massimiliano Pellicano, Costantino Di Carlo, Carmine Nappi, Giuseppe Bifulco
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in gynecology. In PCOS patients vascularization parameters are altered. Transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy (THL) is a mini-invasive approach for ovarian drilling in PCOS patients. In this study, we assessed the effect of ovarian drilling using THL on ovarian volume (OV) and vascularization index (VI) using 3D power Doppler ultrasonography in CC-resistant PCOS patients. A case-control study on 123 CC-resistant PCOS women who underwent THL ovarian drilling was performed...
April 17, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400829/a-case-control-study-of-bisphenol-a-and-endometrioma-among-subgroup-of-iranian-women
#7
Batool Hossein Rashidi, Massoud Amanlou, Tahere Behrouzi Lak, Mahya Ghazizadeh, Bita Eslami
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a multifactorial hormonally related complex disease with unknown etiology. Epidemiologic data were suggested the possible effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) on endometriosis. BPA is similar to endogenous estrogen and has the ability to interact with estrogen receptors and stimulate estrogen production. Our aim was to evaluate the relationship between urinary BPA concentrations in women with endometrioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study consisted of fifty women who have been referred to gynecology and infertility center with endometrioma and were candidates for operative laparoscopy and ovarian cystectomy as cases...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390945/intraoperative-factors-that-predict-the-successful-placement-of-essure-microinserts
#8
Chloé J Arthuis, Emmanuel G Simon, Thomas Hébert, Henri Marret
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the number of coils visualized in the uterotubal junction at the end of hysteroscopic microinsert placement predicts successful tubal occlusion. DESIGN: Cohort retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Department of obstetrics and gynecology in a teaching hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred and fifty-three women underwent tubal microinsert placement for permanent birth control from 2010 through 2014...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389908/validation-of-rem-score-to-predict-endometrial-cancer-in-patients-with-ultrasound-endometrial-abnormalities-results-of-a-new-independent-dataset
#9
Francesco Plotti, Stella Capriglione, Corrado Terranova, Roberto Montera, Giuseppe Scaletta, Salvatore Lopez, Daniela Luvero, Antonelli Gianina, Alessia Aloisi, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Roberto Angioli
The risk of endometrial malignancy (REM) score is a model formulated in a previous single-center validation study, which has been shown to predict endometrial cancer in women with ultrasound endometrial abnormalities based on multiple features (clinical, ultrasound and laboratorial). The purpose of this study was to validate the performance of REM score in an external validation setting. A population-based database with patients, who underwent elective hysteroscopy for ultrasound endometrial abnormalities between 2013 and 2016 at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Campus Bio-medico of Rome, was used...
May 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355702/-prevalence-of-breast-and-gynecological-diseases-in-female-workers-in-the-administrative-office-and-workshop-of-an-automobile-part-factory
#10
L X Bai, L Yang, D P Duan, X Y Xu, Z Li, Y M Liu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of breast and gynecological diseases in female workers in the administrative office and workshop of an automobile part factory, and to provide a basis for promoting the health of female workers. Methods: In March 2015, color ultrasound examination of the breast, uterus, and bilateral adnexa was performed for all female workers, and routine gynecological examination, routine leucorrhea examination, and thinprep liquid-based cytology test were performed for married female workers...
February 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341383/utilization-of-gynecologic-services-in-women-with-breast-cancer-receiving-hormonal-therapy
#11
Jason D Wright, Vrunda B Desai, Ling Chen, William M Burke, Ana I Tergas, June Y Hou, Melissa Accordino, Cande V Ananth, Alfred I Neugut, Dawn L Hershman
BACKGROUND: The selective estrogen receptor modulator tamoxifen is now widely used for the treatment and prevention of breast cancer. Tamoxifen use has been associated with a variety of gynecologic problems. Despite the frequency with which hormonal therapy is used for the treatment of breast cancer, limited population-level data are available to describe the occurrence of gynecologic conditions and the use of surveillance testing in women receiving tamoxifen and aromatase inhibitors...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326210/cesarean-scar-endometriosis-an-uncommon-surgical-complication-on-the-rise-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Imane Khachani, Abdelhai Filali Adib, Rachid Bezad
Endometriosis is defined by the presence and growth of ectopic functional endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Scar endometriosis has been described following obstetrical and gynecological surgery. It is a rare condition, though probably on the rise, due to the considerable increase of cesarean sections performed worldwide. Its physiopathology is complex; its symptomatology is rich and diverse but thorough clinical examination along with ultrasound imaging and potentially pretherapeutic cytologic evaluation are usually efficient in diagnosing the condition...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298725/evaluation-of-the-indications-for-performing-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-female-pelvis-at-a-referral-center-for-cancer-according-to-the-american-college-of-radiology-criteria
#13
Camila Silva Boaventura, Daniel Padilha Rodrigues, Olimpio Antonio Cornehl Silva, Fabrício Henrique Beltrani, Rayssa Araruna Bezerra de Melo, Almir Galvão Vieira Bitencourt, Gustavo Gomes Mendes, Rubens Chojniak
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the indications for performing magnetic resonance imaging of the female pelvis at a referral center for cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study, conducted by reviewing medical records and imaging reports. We included 1060 female patients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis at a cancer center between January 2013 and June 2014. The indications for performing the examination were classified according to the American College of Radiology (ACR) criteria...
January 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295403/toward-a-3d-transrectal-ultrasound-system-for-verification-of-needle-placement-during-high-dose-rate-interstitial-gynecologic-brachytherapy
#14
Jessica Robin Rodgers, Kathleen Surry, Eric Leung, David D'Souza, Aaron Fenster
PURPOSE: Treatment for gynecologic cancers, such as cervical, recurrent endometrial, and vaginal malignancies, commonly includes external-beam radiation and brachytherapy. In high-dose-rate (HDR) interstitial gynecologic brachytherapy, radiation treatment is delivered via hollow needles that are typically inserted through a template on the perineum with a cylinder placed in the vagina for stability. Despite the need for precise needle placement to minimize complications and provide optimal treatment, there is no standard intra-operative image-guidance for this procedure...
March 15, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282875/a-perspective-on-ovarian-cancer-biomarkers-past-present-and-yet-to-come
#15
Frederick R Ueland
The history of biomarkers and ultrasonography dates back over more than 50 years. The present status of biomarkers used in the context of ovarian cancer is addressed. Attention is given to new interpretations of the etiology of ovarian cancer. Cancer antigen 125 (CA125) and multivariate index assays (Ova1, Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm, Overa) are biomarker-driven considerations that are presented. Integration of biomarkers into ovarian cancer diagnostics and screening are presented in conjunction with ultrasound...
March 8, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266033/first-international-consensus-report-on-adnexal-masses-management-recommendations
#16
Phyllis Glanc, Beryl Benacerraf, Tom Bourne, Douglas Brown, Beverly G Coleman, Christopher Crum, Jason Dodge, Deborah Levine, Edward Pavlik, Dirk Timmerman, Frederick R Ueland, Wendy Wolfman, Steven R Goldstein
The First International Consensus Conference on Adnexal Masses was convened to thoroughly examine the state of the science and to formulate recommendations for clinical assessment and management. The panel included representatives of societies in the fields of gynecology, gynecologic oncology, radiology, and pathology and clinicians from Europe, Canada, and the United States. In the United States, there are approximately 9.1 surgeries per malignancy compared to the European International Ovarian Tumor Analysis center trials, with only 2...
May 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252312/-management-of-recurrent-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-anti-incontinence-surgery
#17
A Martan, J Mašata, K Švabík
OBJECTIVE: The review article describes the possibilities of procedures for failed anti-incontinence surgery - sling procedure or "bulking agent"? DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The correct choice of procedure type to treat persistent SUI (Stress Urinary Incontinence) which persists or soon reoccurs after anti-incontinence surgery is often problematic...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247661/-internal-drainage-in-cancer-patients-optimizing-treatment-of-stent-related-symptoms
#18
A G Martov, D V Ergakov, A B Novikov, N G Muzhetskaya, G L Esen'yan
INTRODUCTION: The so-called stent-related symptoms caused mainly by detrusor overactivity due to distal ("cystic") curl of the internal stent are common among patients with this type of drainage. The need for long-term stenting makes the quality of life of cancer patients one of the challenging problems of modern urology. The aim of this study was to optimize treatment of stent-related symptoms in cancer patients with internal long-term stents by complementing the treatment regimen with m-anticholinergic solifenacin...
April 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238496/prevalence-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-chinese-obese-women-of-reproductive-age-with-or-without-metabolic-syndrome
#19
Peiwen Liang, Liuqing Xi, Juan Shi, Wanyu Li, Shaoqian Zhao, Yuying Deng, Rui Wang, Yingkai Sun, Bin Gu, Lihui Yuan, Yifei Zhang, Weiqiong Gu, Weiqing Wang, Jie Hong
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and related clinical characteristics between metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) and metabolically healthy obese (MHO) women of reproductive age. DESIGN: Cross-sectional clinical study. SETTING: Tertiary hospital. PATIENT(S): We studied 299 MUO and 122 MHO Chinese women matched on body mass index. Metabolically healthy obese was defined as obesity with no more than one metabolic abnormality...
April 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237993/clinical-validation-of-the-intergrowth-21st-standards-of-fetal-abdominal-circumference-for-the-prediction-of-small-for-gestational-age-neonates-in-italy
#20
Federica Bellussi, Ilaria Cataneo, Silvia Visentin, Giuliana Simonazzi, Jacopo Lenzi, Maria Pia Fantini, Stefano Mimmi, Erich Cosmi, Gianluigi Pilu
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of the INTERGROWTH-21st (IG-21) with the Italian Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (SIEOG) abdominal circumference (AC) standards in the detection of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses in a high-risk population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study included all pregnant patients with an increased risk of placental insufficiency that were seen in two Italian university hospitals between 2014 and 2015. The accuracy of IG-21 and SIEOG AC standards in the detection of SGA neonates was analyzed by means of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC-AUC) at 4 gestational age intervals (24-27, 28-31, 32-35, >35 weeks)...
February 25, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
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