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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240554/effects-of-a-tobacco-free-work-site-policy-on-employee-tobacco-attitudes-and-behaviors-travis-county-texas-2010-2012
#1
Sarah E Seidel, Kristi Metzger, Andrea Guerra, Jessie Patton-Levine, Sandeepkumar Singh, William T Wilson, Philip Huang
BACKGROUND: The adoption of tobacco-free policies in behavioral health settings is an important step in reducing staff tobacco use as well as the high rates of tobacco use among people with mental illness and behavioral disorders. Studies have demonstrated the importance of staff support when implementing tobacco-free workplace policies, but there is limited research examining tobacco use prevalence among staff and staff attitude before and after policy adoption. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Integral Care, a local authority for behavioral health and developmental disabilities in Austin, Texas, and Austin Public Health embarked on a comprehensive planning process before implementing a 100% tobacco-free campus policy...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240020/association-study-of-fgf18-with-developmental-dyslexia-in-chinese-population
#2
Huan Chen, Yuxi Zhou, Zeng Ge, Qian Li, Qinsheng Sun, Liyuan Zheng, Hong Lv, Li-Hai Tan, Yimin Sun
Developmental dyslexia (DD) is a neurobiological disorder featured by reading disabilities. In recent years, genome-wide approaches provided new perspectives to discover novel candidate genes of DD. In a previous study, rs9313548 located downstream of FGF18 showed borderline genome-wide significant association with DD. Herein, we selected rs9313548 and 11 independent tag single nucleotide polymorphisms covering gene region of FGF18 to perform association analysis with DD among 978 Chinese dyslexic cases and 998 controls recruited from elementary schools...
December 12, 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239743/phenotypic-and-molecular-spectrum-of-aicardi-gouti%C3%A3-res-syndrome-a-study-of-24-patients
#3
Fuad Al Mutairi, Majid Alfadhel, Marwan Nashabat, Ayman W El-Hattab, Tawfeg Ben-Omran, Jozef Hertecant, Wafaa Eyaid, Rehab Ali, Ali Alasmari, Majdi Kara, Waleed Al-Twaijri, Rana Filimban, Abduljabbar Alshenqiti, Mohammed Al-Owain, Eissa Faqeih, Fowzan S Alkuraya
BACKGROUND: Aicardi-Goutières syndrome is a rare genetic neurological disorder with variable clinical manifestations. Molecular detection of specific mutations is required to confirm the diagnosis. The aim of this retrospective study was to review the clinical and molecular diagnostic findings in 24 cases of Aicardi-Goutières syndrome presenting in childhood in the Arab population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of 24 patients from six tertiary hospitals in different Arab countries...
October 5, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235982/estimated-prevalence-of-children-with-diagnosed-developmental-disabilities-in-the-united-states-2014-2016
#4
Benjamin Zablotsky, Lindsey I Black, Stephen J Blumberg
Key findings Data from the National Health Interview Survey ● During 2014-2016, the prevalence of children aged 3-17 years who had ever been diagnosed with a developmental disability increased from 5.76% to 6.99%. ● During this same time, the prevalence of diagnosed autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability did not change significantly. ● The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, other developmental delay, and any developmental disability was higher among boys compared with girls...
November 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233622/underrepresentation-of-adolescents-with-respiratory-mental-health-and-developmental-disabilities-using-american-community-survey-acs-questions
#5
Catherine Ipsen, Cathy Chambless, Noelle Kurth, Sara McCormick, Rebecca Goe, Jean Hall
BACKGROUND: Disability prevalence estimates are used to identify populations, establish priorities and allocate funding for a broad range of federal, state, and local initiatives. Increasingly, these estimates are based on a set of six questions developed and tested for use in the American Community Survey (ACS). A key assumption about the ACS disability screeners is that they sufficiently capture the entire population of people with disabilities, but some studies indicate that certain disability groups are underrepresented...
November 29, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232961/friendships-and-social-participation-as-markers-of-quality-of-life-of-adolescents-and-adults-with-fragile-x-syndrome-and-autism
#6
Leann Smith DaWalt, Lauren V Usher, Jan S Greenberg, Marsha R Mailick
Friendships and social participation are key domains of quality of life for individuals with intellectual disabilities. This study examined the friendships, social and recreational activities, and family social networks of individuals with intellectual disabilities from two distinct diagnostic groups: individuals diagnosed with fragile X syndrome (n = 81) compared with those diagnosed with autistic disorder (n = 226). Within each diagnostic group, individuals in two developmental stages were compared: adolescence and adulthood...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232062/testing-scenario-for-intellectual-disability-developmental-delay-and-autism-challenged
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232042/evaluation-of-visual-motion-perception-ability-in-mice-with-knockout-of-the-dyslexia-candidate-susceptibility-gene-dcdc2
#8
Amanda R Rendall, Peter A Perrino, Joseph J LoTurco, R Holly Fitch
Developmental dyslexia is a heritable disability characterized by difficulties in learning to read and write that cannot be explained by comorbid factors such as intellectual impairment, lack of educational opportunity, or other neurological disorders (e.g. epilepsy or primary sensory impairments (blindness, deafness)). Dyslexia is considered a common neurodevelopmental disorder, affecting 5%-12% of the population (Lyon, Shaywitz & Shaywitz, 2003; Peterson & Pennington, 2012). It is also a highly heterogeneous disorder, with varied intermediate phenotypes, that include visual and cross-modal integration deficits...
December 12, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230307/who-parents-skills-training-pst-programme-for-children-with-developmental-disorders-and-delays-delivered-by-family-volunteers-in-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-effectiveness-implementation-hybrid-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
S U Hamdani, P Akhtar, Zill-E-Huma, H Nazir, F A Minhas, S Sikander, D Wang, C Servilli, A Rahman
Background: Development disorders and delays are recognised as a public health priority and included in the WHO mental health gap action programme (mhGAP). Parents Skills Training (PST) is recommended as a key intervention for such conditions under the WHO mhGAP intervention guide. However, sustainable and scalable delivery of such evidence based interventions remains a challenge. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and scaled-up implementation of locally adapted WHO PST programme delivered by family volunteers in rural Pakistan...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227958/limited-access-to-special-education-services-for-school-aged-children-with-developmental-delay
#10
Erica Twardzik, Ellen Smit, Bridget Hatfield, Michelle C Odden, Alicia Dixon-Ibarra, Megan MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Current policy in Oregon limits eligibility of children diagnosed with developmental delay for school-based services. Due to eligibility definitions, children with developmental delay may face additional barriers transitioning from early intervention/early childhood special education into school-based special education services. AIMS: Examine the relationship between enrollment in school-based special education programs given a change in primary disability diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227297/neuropsychiatric-effects-of-epilepsy-in-developmental-disorders
#11
Jay Salpekar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The overlap of neuropsychiatric illness and developmental disability continues to be prominently recognized in clinical practice and in the academic literature. Theoretical and practical considerations may represent a frontier for understanding brain and behavior relationships. The purpose of this review is to explore this common relationship and report on recent literature that helps advance the larger fields of psychiatry and neurology. RECENT FINDINGS: Overlap between developmental disability, epilepsy, and neuropsychiatric illness may be more common than originally thought...
December 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226631/novel-compound-heterozygous-mutations-in-gpt2-linked-to-microcephaly-and-intellectual-developmental-disability-with-or-without-spastic-paraplegia
#12
Hande Kaymakcalan, Yanki Yarman, Nukte Goc, Fatih Toy, Cihan Meral, A Gulhan Ercan-Sencicek, Murat Gunel
We here describe novel compound heterozygous missense variants, NM_133443:c.[400C>T] and NM_133443:[1435G>A], in the glutamic-pyruvic transaminase 2 (GPT2) gene in a large consanguineous family with two affected siblings diagnosed with microcephaly intellectual disability and developmental delay (IDD). In addition to these clinical phenotypes, the male sibling has spastic paraplegia, and the female sibling has epilepsy. Their four extended family members have IDD and microcephaly. Both of these variants, c...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226267/orbitofrontal-cortex-activity-and-connectivity-predict-future-depression-symptoms-in-adolescence
#13
Jingwen Jin, Ananth Narayanan, Greg Perlman, Katherine Luking, Christine DeLorenzo, Greg Hajcak, Daniel N Klein, Roman Kotov, Aprajita Mohanty
Background: Major depressive disorder is a leading cause of disability worldwide; however, little is known about pathological mechanisms involved in its development. Research in adolescent depression has focused on reward sensitivity and striatal mechanisms implementing it. The contribution of loss sensitivity to future depression, as well as the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) mechanisms critical for processing losses and rewards, remain unexplored. Furthermore, it is unclear whether OFC functioning interacts with familial history in predicting future depression...
October 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222570/narrative-language-sampling-in-typical-development-implications-for-clinical-trials
#14
Marie Moore Channell, Susan J Loveall, Frances A Conners, Danielle J Harvey, Leonard Abbeduto
Purpose: This study examined cross-sectional age-related trajectories of expressive language variables (syntactic complexity, lexical diversity, unintelligibility, dysfluency, and talkativeness) derived from a narrative language sampling procedure. Method: Narrative samples were analyzed from 103 typically developing individuals, ages 4-21 years. Results: Results showed that this procedure was effective for the entire age range, with participants producing an utterance on virtually every page of the wordless picture books used to prompt the narrative...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222398/cerebral-palsy-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#15
Maria Hafström, Karin Källén, Fredrik Serenius, Karel Maršál, Eva Rehn, Helen Drake, Ulrika Ådén, Aijaz Farooqi, Kristina Thorngren-Jerneck, Bo Strömberg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The risk of cerebral palsy (CP) is high in preterm infants and is often accompanied by additional neurodevelopmental comorbidities. The present study describes lifetime prevalence of CP in a population-based prospective cohort of children born extremely preterm, including the type and severity of CP and other comorbidities (ie, developmental delay and/or cognitive impairment, neurobehavioral morbidity, epilepsy, vision and hearing impairments), and overall severity of disability...
December 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220674/actb-loss-of-function-mutations-result-in-a-pleiotropic-developmental-disorder
#16
Sara Cuvertino, Helen M Stuart, Kate E Chandler, Neil A Roberts, Ruth Armstrong, Laura Bernardini, Sanjeev Bhaskar, Bert Callewaert, Jill Clayton-Smith, Cristina Hernando Davalillo, Charu Deshpande, Koenraad Devriendt, Maria C Digilio, Abhijit Dixit, Matthew Edwards, Jan M Friedman, Antonio Gonzalez-Meneses, Shelagh Joss, Bronwyn Kerr, Anne Katrin Lampe, Sylvie Langlois, Rachel Lennon, Philippe Loget, David Y T Ma, Ruth McGowan, Maryse Des Medt, James O'Sullivan, Sylvie Odent, Michael J Parker, Céline Pebrel-Richard, Florence Petit, Zornitza Stark, Sylvia Stockler-Ipsiroglu, Sigrid Tinschert, Pradeep Vasudevan, Olaya Villa, Susan M White, Farah R Zahir, Adrian S Woolf, Siddharth Banka
ACTB encodes β-actin, an abundant cytoskeletal housekeeping protein. In humans, postulated gain-of-function missense mutations cause Baraitser-Winter syndrome (BRWS), characterized by intellectual disability, cortical malformations, coloboma, sensorineural deafness, and typical facial features. To date, the consequences of loss-of-function ACTB mutations have not been proven conclusively. We describe heterozygous ACTB deletions and nonsense and frameshift mutations in 33 individuals with developmental delay, apparent intellectual disability, increased frequency of internal organ malformations (including those of the heart and the renal tract), growth retardation, and a recognizable facial gestalt (interrupted wavy eyebrows, dense eyelashes, wide nose, wide mouth, and a prominent chin) that is distinct from characteristics of individuals with BRWS...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219245/behavior-profiles-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-kindergarten-comparison-with-other-developmental-disabilities-and-typically-developing-children
#17
Magdalena Janus, Emma Mauti, Matt Horner, Eric Duku, Ayesha Siddiqua, Scott Davies
Monitoring behavior patterns that may be specific to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at a population level has the potential to improve the allocation of intervention strategies and reduction of the burden of the disease. In Ontario, Canada, developmental data are regularly collected for all kindergarten children with the Early Development Instrument (EDI), a teacher-completed questionnaire that provides information on children's status in five domains: physical, social, emotional, language/cognitive, and communication/general knowledge...
December 8, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217683/insulin-like-growth-factor-ii-targets-the-mtor-pathway-to-reverse-autism-like-phenotypes-in-mice
#18
Adam B Steinmetz, Sarah A Stern, Amy S Kohtz, Giannina Descalzi, Cristina M Alberini
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability characterized by impairments in social interaction and repetitive behavior, and is also associated with cognitive deficits. There is no current treatment that can ameliorate most of the ASD symptomatology; thus, identifying novel therapies is urgently needed. We used male BTBR T+Itpr3tf /J (BTBR) mice, a model that reproduces most of the core behavioral phenotypes of ASD, to test the effects of systemic administration of insulin like growth factor II (IGF-II), a polypeptide that crosses the blood brain barrier and acts as a cognitive enhancer...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217098/prolonged-time-lag-to-final-diagnosis-of-fragile-x-syndrome
#19
Lidia V Gabis, Oded Hochberg, Odelia Leon Attia, Yonit Banet-Levi, Dana Topf, Shahar Shefer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic process in children ultimately diagnosed with fragile X syndrome (FXS), with an emphasis on the time lag between initial presentation and on diagnosis in female vs male children. STUDY DESIGN: Interviews were conducted with 89 families of children with a final diagnosis of FXS and assessment of time intervals between initial presentation and confirmed molecular diagnosis. RESULTS: Screening of 117 patients (25 female patients) from the 89 families revealed that less than 20% of patients obtained a diagnosis within the first year of seeking medical attention...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216607/frequency-of-risk-factors-and-coexisting-abnormalities-in-a-population-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Nagwa Abdel Meguid, Neveen Hassan Nashaat, Heba S Hashem, Mai M Khalil
BACKGROUND: Many risk factors interact together during the critical period of development and govern the future phenotype of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, co-occurring abnormalities among individuals with ASD vary a lot so as their abilities. AIM OF WORK: To investigate possible risk factors and to determine the prevalence of coexisting abnormalities in a sample of Egyptian ASD children and their influence on the severity and their communication performance...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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