Read by QxMD icon Read

Plastic reconstructive surgery

Sylwia Szotek, Joanna Dawidowicz, Brian Eyden, Natalia Matysiak, Aleksander Czogalla, Grzegorz Dudzik, Anna Leśniewicz, Krzysztof Maksymowicz
Fascia lata is an important element of the fascial system, which forms the continuum of connective tissue throughout the body. This deep fascia envelops the entire thigh and hip area and its main function is to transmit mechanical forces generated by the musculoskeletal system of the lower extremities. Fascia lata is also known as a useful and easily harvested graft material. Despite its crucial role in lower extremity biomechanics and wide-ranging applications in plastic and reconstructive surgery, both the structure of fascia lata and particularly the cells populating this tissue are relatively unexplored and therefore poorly understood...
October 20, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
Nirav Patel, Justine Pierson, Timothy Lee, Bruce Mast, Bernard T Lee, Irene Estores, Dhruv Singhal
BACKGROUND: Integrative medicine (IM) is currently used by 40% of Americans. Our objective is to examine the prevalence and perception of IM utilization in patients being evaluated for elective plastic surgery. METHODS: In July 2014, 402 consecutive patients presenting to plastic surgery clinics at the University of Florida, Veterans Affairs (VA), and Private Practices in Gainesville, Florida were requested to complete a survey regarding utilization of and attitudes towards IM...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Nidal Farhan Al Deek, Donald H Lalonde
Fu-Chan Wei is a world-renowned plastic and reconstructive surgeon. He is clearly one of the most influential and innovative surgeons in the history of plastic surgery. The Taiwanese legend is the innovator of the osteoseptocutaneous fibula flap, which revolutionized the reconstruction of composite bone and soft tissue defects in the jaw and extremities. He has pioneered several perforator flaps, including the free style variety. He has taken toe-to-hand microsurgical transplantation to a whole new level. He is not only recognized for his surgical skills and clinical innovations, but also for his vision, leadership, and teaching...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Lars Johan M Sandberg
The reconstructive ladder and the reconstructive elevator have withstood the test of time as didactic tools for resident education. Over time, many alternative models have been suggested to incorporate the technological advances in plastic surgery, but none of them have focused on the patient. Changes in practice and the trend toward personalized health care demand a 360-degree evaluation and solution of surgical problems incorporating patient-specific characteristics. We, therefore, suggest the concept of the plastic surgery compass to navigate the ladder...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Hamid Karimi, Seyed-Abolhassan Emami, Mohammad-Kazem Olad-Gubad
BACKGROUND: Repair of total human ear loss or congenital lack of ears is one of the challenging issues in plastic and reconstructive surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was 3D reconstruction of the human ear with cadaveric ear cartilages seeded with human mesenchymal stem cells. METHOD: We used cadaveric ear cartilages with preserved perichondrium. The samples were divided into 2 groups: group A (cartilage alone) and group B (cartilage seeded with a mixture of fibrin powder and mesenchymal stem cell [1,000,000 cells/cm] used and implanted in back of 10 athymic rats)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
M Savolainen, A Ritvanen, J Hukki, P Vuola, J Telkkä, J Leikola
Correction of calvarial defects after calvarial vault reconstruction (CVR) is challenging in craniosynostosis patients of advanced age and typically employs autologous bone. Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) is a potential alternative material for autologous bone, but its use has not been extended to correct calvarial defects. CVR patients operated at the Department of Plastic Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital, during 2008-2010 were retrospectively reviewed. Inclusion criteria of the study were CVR patients who received DBM plate, with or without bone dust, on calvarial defects and who had suitable uncovered defect on the contralateral side as control...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Michelle T Sun, Andrea J O'Connor, John Wood, Robert Casson, Dinesh Selva
PURPOSE: Bioengineering aims to produce functional tissue replacements to repair defects and has been widely investigated over the past few decades. We aimed to review the available literature on the application of tissue engineering in ophthalmology, with a particular focus on ophthalmic plastic surgery and potential applications for eyelid reconstruction. METHODS: A literature search was performed on the MEDLINE database using the keywords "bioengineering," "tissue engineering," and "ophthalmology...
October 5, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Anton H Schwabegger
Minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) or similar procedures for pectus excavatum (PE) repair, nowadays no longer performed by one single speciality, may not always achieve sufficient aesthetic results, particularly in the infrapectoral or infraxiphoidal region. Reasons for this include the diaphragm inhibiting correct positioning of the bars, as well as asymmetric deformities which may still be present after remodelling attempts. Furthermore, some cases develop a mild recurrence or partial concavity once the correction bar is removed...
September 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Hans Kristian Pilegaard
BACKGROUND: Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most frequent anomaly of the anterior chest wall. Before 2001, all patients in Denmark were referred to the plastic and reconstructive surgeon for implantation of a subcutaneous silicone prosthesis, because the modified Ravitch procedure was not used. Since 2001, all patients have been treated with a modified Nuss procedure, which today has become the gold standard for correction of PE. METHODS: From September 2001 to March 2016, 1,713 patients have been operated by a modified Nuss procedure using the short bar at Aarhus University Hospital with a male-female ratio 6:1...
September 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Donatas Samsanavičius, Vygintas Kaikaris, Simonas-Jonas Norvydas, Rokas Liubauskas, Skaidra Valiukevičienė, Jurgita Makštienė, Kęstutis Maslauskas, Rytis Rimdeika
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) is a malignant epithelial cell tumor. CSCC has a tendency to spread via lymphogenic pathway. Metastases are found in 2%-6% of cases. Prognosis of patients with CSCC is directly related to the morphology and localization of primary tumor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the recurrence-free survival of patients with CSCC after tumor excision and SLNB as well as to analyze morphologic CSCC features related to patient recurrence-free survival...
September 28, 2016: Medicina
Alan Matarasso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Cassio Eduardo Raposo-Amaral, Rafael Denadai, Enrico Ghizoni, Cesar Augusto Raposo-Amaral
BACKGROUND: Although craniofacial bone correction is the essential step in hypertelorbitism correction, the final result depends on the management of soft tissue deformities. The purpose of this study was to review our surgical strategies for soft tissue reconstruction in hypertelorbitism correction. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of consecutive patients with hypertelorbitism, undergoing hypertelorbitism correction between 2007 and 2014. All aspects related to the craniofacial surgical procedures (number and type of procedures, outcomes, and complications) were verified through medical records, clinical photographs, and interviews with all patients...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Srinivas M Susarla, Erin M Rada, Joseph Lopez, Edward W Swanson, Devin Miller, Richard J Redett, Anand R Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the H index and the academic rank among full-time academic craniofacial surgeons. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study of full-time academic craniofacial surgeons. SETTING: Data were compiled and analyzed at the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital. RESULTS: The study sample included 127 full-time academic craniofacial surgeons. Overall, 89% were men, the mean number of years since completion of training was 16...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Antonio C Costa, Leandro Viecili, Marina T C Sambuy, Marcelo R Rezende, Ivan Chakkour
Background: A widely discussed subject, albeit with few associated studies and publications, centers on whether sacrifice of the radial artery to perform the radial forearm flap (RFF) is deleterious to the patient. The objective of this study was to assess, by questionnaire, the complications reported at the donor site, particularly those related to sacrifice of the radial artery. Methods: During the 2014 Symposium of the Brazilian Society of Reconstructive Microsurgery, surgeons were asked to answer a questionnaire on RFF cases and complications...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Simon F Williams, David P Martin, Arikha C Moses
The GalaFLEX Scaffold (Galatea Surgical, Inc., Lexington, MA) for plastic and reconstructive surgery belongs to a new generation of products for soft tissue reinforcement made from poly-4-hydroxybutyrate (P4HB). Other members of this new family of products include MonoMax Suture (Aesculap AG, Tuttlingen, Germany) for soft tissue approximation, BioFiber Scaffold (Tornier, Inc., Edina, MN) for tendon repair, and Phasix Mesh (C.R. Bard, Inc., Murray Hill, NJ) for hernia repair. Each of these fully resorbable products provides prolonged strength retention, typically 50% to 70% strength retention at 12 weeks, and facilitates remodeling in vivo to provide a strong, lasting repair...
October 3, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Jinhai Huo, Benjamin D Smith, Sharon H Giordano, Gregory P Reece, Ya-Chen Tina Shih
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to compare, by patient obesity status, the contemporary utilization patterns of different reconstruction surgery types, understand postoperative complication profiles in the community setting, and analyze the financial impact on health care payers and patients. METHODS: Using data from the MarketScan Health Risk Assessment Database and Commercial Claims and Encounters Database, we identified breast cancer patients who received breast reconstruction surgery following mastectomy between 2009 and 2012...
September 30, 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Natashia M Seemann, Sebastian K King, Abdul Elkadri, Thomas Walters, Joel Fish, Jacob C Langer
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Perianal Crohn's disease (PCD) can affect both quality of life and psychological wellbeing. A subset of pediatric patients with complex PCD require surgical intervention, although appropriate timing and treatment regimens remain unclear. This study aimed to describe a large pediatric cohort in a tertiary center to determine the range of surgical management in children with complex PCD. METHODS: A retrospective review of children requiring operative intervention for PCD over 13 years (2002-2014) was performed...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Bo Young Park, Jungwoo Kwon, So Ra Kang, Seung Eun Hong
BACKGROUND: In an increasing number of lawsuits doctors lose, despite providing preoperative patient education, because of failure to prove informed consent. We analyzed judicial precedents associated with insufficient informed consent to identify judicial factors and trends related to aesthetic surgery medical litigation. METHODS: We collected data from civil trials between 1995 and 2015 that were related to aesthetic surgery and resulted in findings of insufficient informed consent...
September 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
Laura A Davis, Firas Dandachli, Robert Turcotte, Oren K Steinmetz
BACKGROUND: The standard of care for lower extremity soft tissue sarcoma (STS) is limb-sparing surgery. A small subset of these patients will require concomitant vascular reconstruction to ensure adequate resection and to preserve limb viability and function. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes in these patients with respect to wound healing and postoperative functional status. METHODS: Outcomes for a total of 154 patients treated for malignant lower extremity STS during an 8-year period between 2005 and 2013 were entered in a prospective registry...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Gianluca Franceschini, Alejandro Martin Sanchez, Giuseppe Visconti, Alba Di Leone, Sabatino D'Archi, Antonino Mulè, Angela Santoro, Marzia Salgarello, Riccardo Masetti
: Oncoplastic surgery of the breast has generated great excitement over the past years and has become an integrated component of the surgical treatment of breast cancer. Oncoplastic procedures (OPP) associate the best surgical oncologic principles to achieve wide tumor-free margins with the best principles of plastic surgery to optimize cosmetic outcomes. So, a number of conventional mammoplasty techniques have been adapted to allow reconstruction of resection defects with parenchymal flaps using a variety of different approaches...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"