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oppositional defiance

Piero Bocchiaro, Philip Zimbardo
Across six Experimental conditions with university student participants (N=600), we examined some of the dynamics underlying expressed defiance to unjust authority. Results revealed disobedience was best enacted by participants low in right-wing authoritarianism and was more likely to occur when: 1) in physical proximity of other rebels, 2) the authority made two demanding requests instead of one, and 3) there had been an earlier opposition to injustice. Results are discussed within the theoretical framework of bounded rationality...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Chia-Jui Tsai, Yi-Lung Chen, Hsiang-Yuan Lin, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND: Several longitudinal studies have shown the partial symptomatic persistence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in clinic-based samples. However, little is known about the patterns and trajectories of ADHD symptoms in community-based populations. METHODS: To differentiate developmental trajectories of ADHD symptoms over 1 year, with a four-wave quarterly follow-up in children and adolescents in the community of Taiwan, we conducted this prospective study in 1281 students in grade 3, 5, and 8...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Mini Tandon, Andrea Giedinghagen
Disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs), specifically oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder, are common, serious, and treatable conditions among preschoolers. DBDs are marked by frequent aggression, deceitfulness, and defiance, and often persist through the lifespan. Exposure to harsh or inconsistent parenting, as frequently seen with parental depression and stress, increases DBD risk. Candidate genes that may increase DBD risk in the presence of childhood adversity have also been identified, but more research is needed...
July 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Stijn Van Petegem, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Bart Soenens, Grégoire Zimmermann, Jean-Philippe Antonietti, Sophie Baudat, Elien Audenaert
Drawing upon both Social-Cognitive Domain Theory and Self-Determination Theory, the goal of the present multi-informant study was to test whether the correlates of maternal prohibitions depend on what is prohibited (i.e., the content of the social domain involved), thereby contrasting moral with friendship prohibitions, as well on how the prohibition is communicated, thereby contrasting an autonomy-supportive with a controlling communication style. In a sample of adolescents (N = 196; mean age = 13...
May 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Nuria de la Osa, Roser Granero, Josep Maria Domenech, Simone Shamay-Tsoory, Lourdes Ezpeleta
The goal of the study was to examine the affective-cognitive components of Theory of Mind (ToM), in a community sample of 538 preschoolers, and more specifically in a subsample of 40 children diagnosed with ODD. The relationship between affective and cognitive ToM and some ODD clinical characteristics was examined. Children were assessed with structured diagnostic interviews and dimensional measures of psychopathology, impairment and unemotional traits. A measure based on eye-gaze was used to assess ToM. Mixed analysis of variance compared the mean cognitive versus affective scale scores and the between-subjects factor ODD...
July 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Richard Idro, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Benjamin Asea, Keron Ssebyala, Paul Bangirana, Robert O Opoka, Samson K Lubowa, Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, Chandy C John, Joyce Nalugya
BACKGROUND: Cerebral malaria (CM) and severe malarial anaemia (SMA) are associated with neuro-developmental impairment in African children, but long-term mental health disorders in these children are not well defined. METHODS: A cohort of children previously exposed to CM (n = 173) or SMA (n = 99) had neurologic assessments performed and screening for behaviour difficulties using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) a median of 21 months after the disease episode...
March 31, 2016: Malaria Journal
Elizabeth A Harvey, Rosanna P Breaux, Claudia I Lugo-Candelas
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) are among the most common childhood disorders and frequently co-occur. The present study sought to advance our understanding of how comorbidity between ADHD and ODD develops during the preschool years by testing a cross-lagged model that integrates 2 prominent models: the developmental precursor model and the correlated risk factors model. Participants were 199 children (107 boys) who took part in a longitudinal study of preschoolers with behavior problems...
February 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
James R Andretta, Aaron M Ramirez, Michael E Barnes, Terri Odom, Shelia Roberson-Adams, Malcolm H Woodland
Many researchers have shown the importance of parent attachment in childhood and adolescence. The present study extends the attachment literature to African Americans involved in the juvenile justice system (N = 213), and provides an initial inquiry using person-oriented methods. The average age was 16.17 years (SD = 1.44), and the sample was predominantly male (71%). Results of a confirmatory factor analysis of Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment-Short Form (IPPA-S) scores supported a 3-factor model: (a) Communication, (b) Trust, and (c) Alienation...
December 2015: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Matthew D Burkey, Megan Hosein, Marianna Purgato, Ahmad Adi, Isabella Morton, Brandon A Kohrt, Wietse A Tol
INTRODUCTION: Disruptive behaviour disorders (DBDs) are among the most common forms of child psychopathology and have serious long-term academic, social, and mental health consequences worldwide. Psychosocial treatments are the first line of evidence-based treatments for DBDs, yet their effectiveness often varies according to patient sociodemographic characteristics, practice setting, and implementation procedures. While a large majority of the world's children live in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), most studies have evaluated psychosocial treatments for DBDs in high-income Anglo countries...
2015: BMJ Open
Hsiang-Yuan Lin, Wen-Yih Isaac Tseng, Meng-Chuan Lai, Kayako Matsuo, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
The frontoparietal control network, anatomically and functionally interposed between the dorsal attention network and default mode network, underpins executive control functions. Individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) commonly exhibit deficits in executive functions, which are mainly mediated by the frontoparietal control network. Involvement of the frontoparietal control network based on the anterior prefrontal cortex in neurobiological mechanisms of ADHD has yet to be tested. We used resting-state functional MRI and seed-based correlation analyses to investigate functional connectivity of the frontoparietal control network in a sample of 25 children with ADHD (7-14 years; mean 9...
April 2015: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
Yoshitaka Iwadare, Yuichi Kamei, Masahide Usami, Hirokage Ushijima, Tetsuya Tanaka, Kyota Watanabe, Masaki Kodaira, Kazuhiko Saito
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are frequently associated with childhood behavioral problems and mental illnesses such as anxiety disorder. To identify promising behavioral targets for pediatric anxiety disorder therapy, we investigated the associations between specific sleep and behavioral problems. METHODS: We conducted retrospective reviews of 105 patients aged 4-12 years who met the DSM-IV criteria for primary diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder (n = 33), separation anxiety disorder (n = 23), social phobia (n = 21), or obsessive compulsive disorder (n = 28)...
August 2015: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Stijn Van Petegem, Bart Soenens, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Wim Beyers
The present investigation focused on adolescents' defiance against parents by drawing upon psychological reactance theory (Brehm, 1966) and self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000). Psychological reactance would be elicited when freedom is taken away, thereby motivating individuals to engage in oppositional behavior. Throughout four studies (total N = 1,472, age ranging between 12 and 21 years), it was examined whether a controlling parenting style related to adolescents' experiences of autonomy need frustration (i...
May 2015: Child Development
Michelle M Martel, Monica L Gremillion, Jennifer L Tackett
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is highly comorbid with other childhood disorders, and there are striking sex differences in this comorbidity, particularly during early childhood. For example, boys with ADHD are more likely to exhibit comorbid disruptive behavior and neurodevelopmental disorders, compared to girls, during early childhood. Yet, explanations for these well-established sex differences remain in short supply. The current study evaluated the novel hypothesis that personality traits may serve as intermediate phenotypes that help explain sex differences in common ADHD comorbidity profiles during early childhood...
June 1, 2014: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Stijn Van Petegem, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Bart Soenens, Wim Beyers, Nathalie Aelterman
In this longitudinal study, we tested whether the association between oppositional defiance to parental authority (i.e., adolescents' tendency to bluntly reject parental rules) and autonomy would depend upon the specific conceptualization of autonomy. Whereas oppositional defiance would yield more interpersonal distance from parents, because it involves turning away from parental authority, it would also yield less volitional functioning, as oppositional defiance would come at the expense of acting upon one's personal values and interests...
January 2015: Developmental Psychology
Bonnie J Leadbeater, Jacqueline Homel
Emerging research has identified sub-dimensions of oppositional defiant disorder - irritability and defiance - that differentially predict internalizing and externalizing symptoms in preschoolers, children, and adolescents. Using a theoretical approach and confirmatory factor analyses to distinguish between irritability and defiance, we investigate the associations among these dimensions and internalizing (anxiety and depression) and externalizing problems (conduct problems) within and across time in a community-based sample of 662 youth (342 females) spanning ages 12 to 18 years old at baseline...
April 2015: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Jennifer L Roberts, Stephanie K Gandomi, Melissa Parra, Ira Lu, Chia-Ling Gau, Majed Dasouki, Merlin G Butler
Copy number variations involving the 17q12 region have been associated with developmental and speech delay, autism, aggression, self-injury, biting and hitting, oppositional defiance, inappropriate language, and auditory hallucinations. We present a tall-appearing 17-year-old boy with marfanoid habitus, hypermobile joints, mild scoliosis, pectus deformity, widely spaced nipples, pes cavus, autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and psychiatric manifestations including physical and verbal aggression, obsessive-compulsive behaviors, and oppositional defiance...
2014: Case Reports in Genetics
Robert R Althoff, Ana V Kuny-Slock, Frank C Verhulst, James J Hudziak, Jan van der Ende
BACKGROUND: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) has components of both irritability and defiance. It remains unclear whether children with variation in these domains have different adult outcomes. This study examined the concurrent and predictive validity of classes of oppositional defiant behavior. METHODS: Latent class analysis was performed on the oppositional defiant problems scale of the Child Behavior Checklist in two samples, one in the US (the Achenbach Normative Sample, N = 2029) and one in the Netherlands (the Zuid-Holland Study, N = 2076)...
October 2014: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Sheryl L Olson, Arnold J Sameroff, Jennifer E Lansford, Holly Sexton, Pamela Davis-Kean, John E Bates, Gregory S Pettit, Kenneth A Dodge
The purpose of this study was to determine whether five subcomponents of children's externalizing behavior showed distinctive patterns of long-term growth and predictive correlates. We examined growth in teachers' ratings of overt aggression, covert aggression, oppositional defiance, impulsivity/inattention, and emotion dysregulation across three developmental periods spanning kindergarten through Grade 8 (ages 5-13 years). We also determined whether three salient background characteristics, family socioeconomic status, child ethnicity, and child gender, differentially predicted growth in discrete categories of child externalizing symptoms across development...
August 2013: Development and Psychopathology
Eyup Sabri Ercan, Ulku Akyol Ardic, Burge Kabukcu Basay, Elif Ercan, Omer Basay
The DSM-IV-TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 1994, American Psychiatric Association) describes attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as a heterogeneous disorder; providing diagnostic criteria for three subtypes: hyperactive/impulsive (ADHD/HI), inattentive (ADHD/I), and combined type (ADHD/C). Differences among the subtypes are well defined, but there may be also differences in terms of treatment responses. The aim of this study is to assess the responses of ADHD/I and ADHD/C to atomoxetine treatment...
December 2013: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
Maarten Vansteenkiste, Bart Soenens, Stijn Van Petegem, Bart Duriez
This study examined associations between perceived degree and style of parental prohibition and adolescents' internalization of and oppositional defiance against parental rules in the friendship and moral domain. Relations were investigated in 2 longitudinal adolescent samples (total N = 532). Results indicated that perceived style but not degree of prohibition related to overtime changes in internalization and oppositional defiance. Specifically, in line with self-determination theory, autonomy-supportive and controlling styles of prohibiting were found to relate differentially to quality of internalization and oppositional defiance...
January 2014: Developmental Psychology
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