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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457562/quality-of-life-outcomes-in-cochlear-implantation-of-children-with-profound-and-multiple-learning-disability
#1
Richard Benjamin Speaker, Jennifer Roberston, Cristina Simoes-Franklin, Fergal Glynn, Peter Walshe, Laura Viani
This study was performed to investigate the effect of cochlear implantation on the Quality of Life (QoL) of children with profound and multiple learning disability (PMLD). This cohort of children has been viewed historically as poor candidates for cochlear implantation as they generally have poor speech and hearing outcomes. The Irish National Cochlear Implant Program's prospectively maintained database was examined for all children implanted from July 1996 to July 2015. All charts of the 381 children implanted during this time were reviewed retrospectively; 16 children met criteria for being PMLD...
May 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454756/outcomes-after-acute-symptomatic-seizures-in-neonates
#2
REVIEW
Hannah C Glass, Zachary M Grinspan, Renée A Shellhaas
Acute symptomatic seizures are a common sign of neurological dysfunction and brain injury in neonates and occur in approximately one to three per 1000 live births. Seizures in neonates are usually a sign of underlying brain injury and, as such, are commonly associated with adverse outcomes. Neurological morbidities in survivors often co-occur; epilepsy, cerebral palsy, and intellectual disability often occur together in the most severely affected children. Risk factors for adverse outcome include prematurity, low Apgar scores, low pH on the first day of life, seizure onset <24 or >72 h after birth, abnormal neonatal neurological examination, abnormal neonatal electroencephalographic background, status epilepticus, and presence and pattern of brain injury (particularly deep gray or brainstem injury)...
February 6, 2018: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445639/the-association-between-adverse-events-in-the-last-5-years-and-the-rate-of-breast-cancer
#3
Babak Rastegarimehr, Atefeh Zahedi, Parvin Yavari, Mohammad Hassan Lotfi, Moslem Taheri Soodejani
Background: This study was conducted in Yazd Province, Central Iran aimed to investigate the relationship between adverse events and breast cancer during 2012-2014. Methods: Hospital-based case-control study of 150 women with breast cancer and 150 healthy women (did not have breast cancer) was conducted. Sampling was performed in the form of accessibility. Data collection was conducted using questionnaire through interview. The collected data were entered into SPSS for statistical analysis...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441219/a-new-patient-with-potocki-lupski-syndrome-a-literature-review
#4
Andrea Domenico Praticò, Raffaele Falsaperla, Renata Rizzo, Martino Ruggieri, Alberto Verrotti, Piero Pavone
Speech delay, intellectual disability, and behavioral disturbances are the main clinical manifestations of Potocki-Lupski syndrome. Other features include infantile hypotonia, the absence of major dysmorphism, sleep disorders, and congenital anomalies, particularly of the cardiovascular system. A male patient with Potocki-Lupski syndrome is reported herein. He showed speech and borderline cognitive delay, behavioral troubles with no signs suggestive of autism, in the absence of major dysmorphism. A de novo 17p12-p11...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439308/comparison-of-musculoskeletal-pain-distribution-quality-of-life-and-hopelessness-level-in-mothers-with-disabled-children-in-different-ambulation-levels
#5
Emine Aslan Telci, Feride Yarar, Uğur Cavlak, Orcin Telli Atalay
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the musculoskeletal pain distribution, quality of life, and the hopelessness level in mothers with disabled children in different ambulation levels. METHODS: This study included a total of 177 mothers (mean age: 36.1 ± 6.5 years) of children with disabilities. The mothers were divided into 3 different groups according to the ambulation level of their disabled children: Ambulatory children (Group 1), partially ambulatory children (Group 2) and non-ambulatory children (Group 3)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438396/children-s-peer-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-prevalence-and-associated-factors-among-school-children-in-afghanistan
#6
Julienne Corboz, Osman Hemat, Wahid Siddiq, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts children's physical and psychological health, and their education outcomes. There are few research studies on children's peer violence available in South Asian countries, particularly in Afghanistan. This paper describes the prevalence of children's peer violence perpetration and victimization and associated factors among school children in Afghanistan. METHODS: A total of 770 children were recruited into a baseline study conducted as part of an intervention evaluation in 11 schools (seven girls' and four boys' schools)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437051/the-likely-impact-of-congenital-zika-syndrome-on-families-considerations-for-family-supports-and-services
#7
Donald B Bailey, Liana O Ventura
Congenital Zika virus infection has obvious implications for infants, and considerable research has addressed the nature and consequences of congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). Children with classic CZS meet the criteria for "children with medical complexity," and ongoing research is required to understand the range of needs and optimal treatment options. Far less attention has been given to the consequences of CZS for families, which are both immediate and lifelong. Although families of children with CZS have much in common with families of other children with disabilities, at least 4 features of CZS have special family implications: (1) the severity of the impact on children with obvious abnormalities at birth, coupled with the anticipation of a lifetime of caregiving and economic burdens; (2) uncertainty about the unfolding consequences, both for obviously affected children and for exposed children with no symptoms at birth; (3) a lack of specialized professional knowledge about the course of the disease or treatment options; and (4) social isolation, a lack of social or community supports, and potential stigma...
February 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435654/standardised-assessment-of-functioning-in-adhd-consensus-on-the-icf-core-sets-for-adhd
#8
Sven Bölte, Soheil Mahdi, David Coghill, Susan Shur-Fen Gau, Mats Granlund, Martin Holtmann, Sunil Karande, Florence Levy, Luis A Rohde, Wolfgang Segerer, Petrus J de Vries, Melissa Selb
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with significant impairments in social, educational, and occupational functioning, as well as specific strengths. Currently, there is no internationally accepted standard to assess the functioning of individuals with ADHD. WHO's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-child and youth version (ICF) can serve as a conceptual basis for such a standard. The objective of this study is to develop a comprehensive, a common brief, and three age-appropriate brief ICF Core Sets for ADHD...
February 12, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433665/global-disability-adjusted-life-year-estimates-of-long-term-health-burden-and-undernutrition-attributable-to-diarrhoeal-diseases-in-children-younger-than-5-years
#9
Christopher Troeger, Danny V Colombara, Puja C Rao, Ibrahim A Khalil, Alexandria Brown, Thomas G Brewer, Richard L Guerrant, Eric R Houpt, Karen L Kotloff, Kavita Misra, William A Petri, James Platts-Mills, Mark S Riddle, Scott J Swartz, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Robert C Reiner, Simon I Hay, Ali H Mokdad
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death and illness globally among children younger than 5 years. Mortality and short-term morbidity cause substantial burden of disease but probably underestimate the true effect of diarrhoea on population health. This underestimation is because diarrhoeal diseases can negatively affect early childhood growth, probably through enteric dysfunction and impaired uptake of macronutrients and micronutrients. We attempt to quantify the long-term sequelae associated with childhood growth impairment due to diarrhoea...
March 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433470/an-investigation-of-physical-and-mental-health-consequences-among-chinese-parents-who-lost-their-only-child
#10
Qianlan Yin, Zhilei Shang, Na Zhou, Lili Wu, Guangyu Liu, Xiaoqian Yu, Huaihui Zhang, Haidong Xue, Weizhi Liu
BACKGROUND: The term "loss-of-only-child family" means that the only child in a family passed away or is disabled due to an accident or other events. The parents who cannot conceive or do not adopt another child, are known as Shidu parents in China. This study compares the physical and mental health of Shidu parents with those parents who have not experienced such loss. METHODS: The target group is comprised of parents being Shidu for more than 1 year (N = 95) and the control group is comprised of parents with a living child (N = 97) from the same area as the Shidu parents...
February 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432245/evaluation-of-the-child-with-developmental-impairments
#11
Clara D M van Karnebeek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses the diagnostic evaluation of intellectual developmental disorder, comprising global developmental delay and intellectual disability in children. RECENT FINDINGS: With a prevalence of 1% to 3% and substantial comorbidity, high lifetime costs, and emotional burden, intellectual developmental disorder is characterized by limitations in both intellectual functioning (IQ less than 70) and adaptive behavior starting before 18 years of age...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432237/hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-and-other-neonatal-encephalopathies
#12
Hannah C Glass
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neonatal encephalopathy is the most common condition in neonates encountered by child neurologists. The etiology is most often global hypoxia-ischemia due to failure of cerebral perfusion to the fetus caused by uterine, placental, or umbilical cord compromise prior to or during delivery. Other etiologies of neonatal encephalopathy include ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage, infection, developmental anomalies, and inborn errors of metabolism. RECENT FINDINGS: Therapeutic hypothermia is standard of care for the treatment of neonatal encephalopathy presumed to be caused by hypoxia-ischemia...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430997/opportunity-to-participate-in-planning-and-evaluation-of-support-for-children-with-disabilities-parents-and-professionals-perspectives
#13
Herawati I Nowak, Malin Broberg, Mikaela Starke
A random sample of parents of children with disabilities ( n = 144) from three Swedish municipalities participated in a structured telephone interview including seven questions on child participation and 156 professionals from the same municipalities completed a web-based survey including six questions on child participation. The aim of the study was to explore parents' and professionals' (1) ratings of the opportunities available to children with disabilities to participate in planning, decision-making and evaluation of support and (2) satisfaction with the children's current level of such participation...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430692/mental-health-care-needs-and-preferences-for-mothers-of-children-with-a-disability
#14
K-M Gilson, E Davis, S Johnson, J Gains, D Reddihough, K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with a disability are at increased risk of poor mental health compared with mothers of typically developing children. The aim of the study was to describe the mental health care needs and preferences for support of mothers of children and young people aged 0-25 years with a disability. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used, using an online survey with 294 mothers of children with a disability. Questions were asked about mental health, perceived need for support, barriers to accessing mental health care, and preferences for support...
February 12, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417434/mothers-experiences-of-a-women-s-health-and-empowerment-program-for-mothers-of-a-child-with-a-disability
#15
Helen M Bourke-Taylor, Fiona M Jane
Substantial research identifies mothers of children with a disability as a vulnerable group with compromised health outcomes and restrictions for their own self-care, social, economic and leisure participation. This study investigated perceptions and experiences of mothers following attendance at health education and empowerment workshops (Healthy Mothers Healthy Families). Mixed methods evaluated mothers' experiences. A pragmatic qualitative approach was applied to data analysis of interviews with mothers (N = 19)...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416845/ehmt1-mosaicism-in-apparently-unaffected-parents-is-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-neurocognitive-dysfunction
#16
Anneke de Boer, Karlijn Vermeulen, Jos I M Egger, Joost G E Janzing, Nicole de Leeuw, Hermine E Veenstra-Knol, Nicolette S den Hollander, Hans van Bokhoven, Wouter Staal, Tjitske Kleefstra
Background: Genetic mosaicism is only detected occasionally when there are no obvious health or developmental issues. Most cases concern healthy parents in whom mosaicism is identified upon targeted testing of a genetic defect that was initially detected in their children. A germline genetic defect affecting the euchromatin histone methyltransferase 1 (EHMT1) gene causes Kleefstra syndrome, which is associated with the typical triad of distinct facial appearance, (childhood) hypotonia, and intellectual disability...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415750/acute-malnutrition-among-children-aged-6-59%C3%A2-months-of-the-nomadic-population-in-hadaleala-district-afar-region-northeast-ethiopia
#17
Zemichael Gizaw, Wondwoson Woldu, Bikes Destaw Bitew
BACKGROUND: Acute malnutrition to be a major health burden in the world, particularly in the developing world. Acute malnutrition is associated with more than one third of the global disease burden for children. Malnourished children are physically, emotionally and intellectually less productive and suffer more from chronic illnesses and disabilities. The nature, magnitude and determinants of acute malnutrition are determined among the general populations; however, there is a lack of evidence in the nomadic communities...
February 7, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415681/prenatal-and-perinatal-risks-for-late-language-emergence-in-a-population-level-sample-of-twins-at-age-2
#18
Catherine L Taylor, Mabel L Rice, Daniel Christensen, Eve Blair, Stephen R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Late Language Emergence (LLE) in the first two years of life is one of the most common parental concerns about child development and reasons for seeking advice from health professionals. LLE is much more prevalent in twins (38%) than singletons (20%). In studies of language development in twins without overt disability, adverse prenatal and perinatal environments have been reported to play a lesser role in the etiology of LLE than adverse postnatal environments. However, there is a lack of population-level evidence about prenatal and perinatal risk factors for LLE in twins...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415676/chiari-malformation-type-1-presenting-as-unilateral-progressive-foot-drop-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
Chamara Jayamanne, Lakkumar Fernando, Sachith Mettananda
BACKGROUND: Foot drop is a disabling clinical condition with multiplicity of causes, which requires detailed evaluation to identify the exact aetiology. Here, we report an extremely rare cause of foot drop in a child, which if not recognized early, could lead to multiple complications. CASE PRESENTATION: A 6-year-old girl presented with difficulty in walking and left sided foot droop for1-month duration. On examination she had reduced muscle power in dorsiflexors and plantar flexors and diminished knee and absent ankle jerk in the left side...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415561/psychological-and-physical-violence-towards-children-with-disabilities-in-finland-and-sweden
#20
Tanja Koivula, Noora Ellonen, Staffan Janson, Carolina Jernbro, Heini Huhtala, Eija Paavilainen
This article describes psychological aggression and physical violence by Swedish and Finnish mothers ( N = 3420) towards their 0- to 12-year-old children with disabilities ( N = 286) by comparing such behaviour with the mothers of children without disabilities ( N = 3134). The survey data are based on representative samples from Finland and Sweden of mothers' reports of their behaviour towards their child in conflict situations. Mothers of children with disabilities reported more psychological aggression towards their child than did mothers of children without disabilities...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
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