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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040333/the-role-of-parental-education-in-child-disability-in-china-from-1987-to-2006
#1
Ping He, Gong Chen, Zhenjie Wang, Chao Guo, Xiaoying Zheng
This paper aimed to investigate the role of parental education in child disability in China. We used nationally representative data from China's National Sample Survey on Disability, iterated twice, in 1987 and 2006, with data of 764,718 children aged 0-14 years. Logit models were used for statistical analysis. Results showed that the prevalence of child disability was significantly associated with each parent's education. Maternal education was more important than paternal education in child disability in both surveys...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034155/a-mobile-team-for-screening-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-india-cost-effectiveness-outcomes-and-impact-assessment
#2
Jai Kelkar, Aditya Kelkar, Shubhangi Sharma, Jaya Dewani
PURPOSE: To study the cost effectiveness, outcomes and impact of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening and management model for urban neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). STUDY DESIGN: Public health intervention study. METHODS: This study was conducted in 2013. Staff of a mobile unit assessed all infants aged less than 34 weeks of Gestation age at birth and/or birth weight 1700 GM or less admitted in five NICUs between 2013 and 2015...
July 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034068/clinical-phenotype-of-asd-associated-dyrk1a-haploinsufficiency
#3
Rachel K Earl, Tychele N Turner, Heather C Mefford, Caitlin M Hudac, Jennifer Gerdts, Evan E Eichler, Raphael A Bernier
BACKGROUND: DYRK1A is a gene recurrently disrupted in 0.1-0.5% of the ASD population. A growing number of case reports with DYRK1A haploinsufficiency exhibit common phenotypic features including microcephaly, intellectual disability, speech delay, and facial dysmorphisms. METHODS: Phenotypic information from previously published DYRK1A cases (n = 51) and participants in an ongoing study at the University of Washington (UW, n = 10) were compiled. Frequencies of recurrent phenotypic features in this population were compared to features observed in a large sample with idiopathic ASD from the Simons Simplex Collection (n = 1981)...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032701/parent-reported-use-of-interventions-by-toddlers-and-preschoolers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Nalin Payakachat, J Mick Tilford, Karen A Kuhlthau
OBJECTIVE: This study examined services used by young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and factors associated with use. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted with baseline data for toddlers (under age three) and preschoolers (three to less than six years) with ASD enrolled in the Autism Speaks Autism Treatment Network registry from 2008 to 2013 (N=2,804). Parents' reports at enrollment of services received by children were documented...
October 16, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031874/an-update-on-the-physiopathology-and-therapeutic-management-of-cholestatic-pruritus-in-children
#5
A Thébaut, D Debray, E Gonzales
Pruritus is a disabling symptom accompanying chronic cholestasis. In extreme cases, the refractory nature of pruritus can result in a need for invasive therapies including liver transplantation. The pathogenesis of pruritus in cholestatic disease is poorly understood. It may involve a specific neural pathway (similar to that associated with pain) regulated by several pruritogenic substances such as bile acids, opioids, serotonin, and the more recently identified lysophosphatidic acid. While the therapeutic management of cholestatic pruritus is well established in adults, there is no consensus in children, in light of the difficulty of conducting controlled clinical studies...
October 11, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029169/a-family-affair-family-typologies-of-problems-and-midlife-well-being
#6
Karen L Fingerman, Meng Huo, Jamie L Graham, Kyungmin Kim, Kira S Birditt
Background and Objectives: Midlife adults are a "pivot" generation, responding to parents' and grown children's problems. Yet, some midlife adults may have families where multiple members suffer sorrows, whereas other midlife adults may have families with few problems. This study examined: (a) typologies of problems across generations and (b) associations between profiles of problems and midlife adults' well-being. Research Design and Methods: Midlife adults (N = 633) reported their own, each parent's (n = 868), and grown child's (n = 1,785) physical (e...
September 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029164/aging-parents-disabilities-and-daily-support-exchanges-with-middle-aged-children
#7
Meng Huo, Jamie L Graham, Kyungmin Kim, Steven H Zarit, Karen L Fingerman
Background and Objectives: Aging parents often incur disabilities in activities of daily living, which may limit their ability to give support and necessitate increased support from middle-aged children. Research has predominantly assessed disabled parents' retrospective reports of receiving support, but we know little about their daily support exchanges with middle-aged children. This study examined practical support, emotional support, and advice that aging parents with and without disabilities provided and received from middle-aged children, and links between these support exchanges and parents' daily mood...
September 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026562/developmental-progression-of-intellectual-disability-autism-and-epilepsy-in-a-child-with-an-iqsec2-gene-mutation
#8
Rachelle Zipper, Sherri D Baine, Jacob Genizi, Hen Maoz, Nina S Levy, Andrew P Levy
The neurodevelopmental progression of a school-aged child with a spontaneous IQSEC2 mutation has demonstrated apparent regression of milestones and language. Seizures associated with the disorder have been refractory to medical treatment. Late treatment of autism in this child has led to improved social skills.
October 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024219/the-determinants-of-service-complexity-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#9
S L Stewart, K Falah Hassani, J Poss, J Hirdes
BACKGROUND: To date, little is known about the predictors of healthcare service utilisation in children with intellectual disability (ID). The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with service complexity in children with ID in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: The population of this cross-sectional study consisted of 330 children with ID ages 4 to 18 years who accessed mental health services from November of 2012 to June of 2016 in four agencies. All participants completed the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health and Developmental Disability Assessment Instrument, which is a semi-structured clinician-rated assessment that covers a range of common issues in children with ID...
November 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021945/an-evaluation-of-instructive-feedback-to-teach-play-behavior-to-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Laura L Grow, Tiffany Kodak, Andrea Clements
Instructive feedback is used to expose learners to secondary targets during skill acquisition programs (Reichow & Wolery, in Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44, 327-340, 2011; Werts, Wolery, Gast, & Holcombe, in Journal of Behavioral Education, 5, 55-75, 1995). Although unrelated feedback may have clinical utility in practice, very little research has evaluated unrelated instructive feedback, particularly for promoting play behavior (Colozzi, Ward, & Crotty, in Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities, 43, 226-248, 2008)...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020793/sexual-abuse-of-children-with-learning-disabilities
#11
Jesse J Helton, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr, Ellen Gruber
Although children with a learning disability (LD) are at an increased risk of sexual abuse, it is unclear whether conditions specific to their impairment are associated with sexual assault or if risk derives from other comorbid conditions such as behavioral problems, social skill deficits, or loneliness. Using a national probability study of child maltreatment investigations in the United States ( n = 2,033), we hypothesized that children over the age of 4 with a LD are target congruent to a sexual perpetrator...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020791/parents-and-young-adults-perspectives-on-transition-outcomes-for-young-adults-with-autism
#12
Collette Sosnowy, Chloe Silverman, Paul Shattuck
Existing research shows that young adults with autism spectrum disorder have poorer outcomes than their peers with other developmental disabilities in the key areas of independent living, postsecondary education, and employment. However, we understand little about how young adults with autism and their families understand and value outcomes and whether these indicators match their goals and aspirations. We interviewed parents (n = 21) and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (n = 20) about their experiences with the transition to adulthood to understand what they consider to be desirable outcomes and how they seek to achieve them...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019476/parenting-a-child-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-orofacial-pain-and-dysfunction-a-qualitative-study
#13
Eva Leksell, Ulrika Hallberg, AnnaCarin Horne, Malin Ernberg, Britt Hedenberg-Magnusson
AIMS: To deepen knowledge of how parents of children diagnosed with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) perceive the orofacial manifestations of the disease, its treatments, and their encounters with dental care providers. METHODS: A total of 15 interviews with parents of JIA patients (3 to 16 years old) with orofacial pain were analyzed according to classic grounded theory. RESULTS: The main problem was identified as controlling an unpredictable life situation that includes a child with JIA...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018178/attitudes-of-paediatric-and-obstetric-specialists-towards-prenatal-surgery-for-lethal-and-non-lethal-conditions
#14
Ryan M Antiel, Farr A Curlin, John D Lantos, Christopher A Collura, Alan W Flake, Mark P Johnson, Natalie E Rintoul, Stephen D Brown, Chris Feudtner
BACKGROUND: While prenatal surgery historically was performed exclusively for lethal conditions, today intrauterine surgery is also performed to decrease postnatal disabilities for non-lethal conditions. We sought to describe physicians' attitudes about prenatal surgery for lethal and non-lethal conditions and to elucidate characteristics associated with these attitudes. METHODS: Survey of 1200 paediatric surgeons, neonatologists and maternal-fetal medicine specialists (MFMs)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992512/predictors-of-having-a-first-child-taken-into-care-at-birth-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, Marni Brownell, Nathan C Nickel, Dan Chateau
The objective of this study is to determine which maternal events and diagnoses in the two years before childbirth are associated with higher risk for having a first child taken into care at birth by child protection services. A population-based retrospective cohort of women whose first child was born in Manitoba, Canada between 2002 and 2012 and lived in the province at least two years before the birth of their first child (n=53,565) was created using linkable administrative data. A logistic regression model determined the adjusted odds ratios (AOR) of having a child taken into care at birth...
October 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990206/child-maltreatment-and-eating-disorders-among-men-and-women-in-adulthood-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#16
Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen, Janique Fortier, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Christine A Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment is associated with an increased likelihood of having mood disorders, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and personality disorders, but far less is known about eating disorders. The objective of the current study was to examine the associations between child maltreatment, including harsh physical punishment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, and exposure to intimate partner violence, and eating disorders in adulthood among men and women...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989948/morbidity-in-%C3%A2-1500-gram-births-in-spain-1993-2011-study-of-a-sample-of-1200-cases
#17
Concepción Gómez Esteban, Juan J Sánchez Carrión, Fernando J García Selgas, José M Segovia Guisado
Background and Objective. Preterm birth has a major impact on growth, and very preterm birth is associated with disabilities in numerous developmental domains. This article describes and quantifies morbidities in a sample of 1200 ≤1500-g births in Spain between 1993 and 2011 based on parent information, and it highlights several variables that influence these morbidities. Methods. Multiple method surveys using computer-assisted telephones interviewing and computer-assisted web interviewing methods. Sample design was intentional...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988511/adaptation-for-participation
#18
Berit Gjessing, Reidun Birgitta Jahnsen, Liv Inger Strand, Eli Natvik
PURPOSE: To explore children's experiences with testing, acquiring and using assistive devices. METHODS: Nine children (six boys, three girls, 9-12 years old, with different physical disability and activity experience, participated in semistructured interviews. The interviews were audio-taped, transcribed and analysed using Systematic text condensation. RESULTS: Assistive devices were reported to contribute to cope activities that the children otherwise would not have participated in...
October 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988384/language-barriers-impact-access-to-services-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#19
Helaine G St Amant, Sheree M Schrager, Carolina Peña-Ricardo, Marian E Williams, Douglas L Vanderbilt
Racial and ethnic disparities in accessing health care have been described in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In a retrospective chart review of 152 children with ASD, children of parents whose primary language was English were significantly more likely to have both social skills and communication goals within their individualized education plan (IEP) compared to children of parents whose primary language was not English. Additionally, children of primary English speakers received significantly more hours of direct services from their state disability program...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987969/effectiveness-of-cognitive-orientation-to-daily-occupational-performance-co-op-on-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-mixed-design
#20
Neda Ghorbani, Mehdi Rassafiani, Sara Izadi-Najafabadi, Farzaneh Yazdani, Nazila Akbarfahimi, Naser Havaei, Soraya Gharebaghy
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of physical disabilities during childhood. Therapeutic interventions mainly focus on impairment reduction to address motor-based difficulties. In contrast, Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) is a cognitive approach, providing intervention at the level of activity and participation. AIMS: This study aims to determine whether the CO-OP approach improves motor skills and achievement in motor-based occupational performance goals in children with CP...
October 5, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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