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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683925/short-term-8-weeks-high-intensity-interval-training-in-diseased-cohorts
#1
James E M Blackwell, Brett Doleman, Philip J J Herrod, Samuel Ricketts, Bethan E Phillips, Jonathan N Lund, John P Williams
BACKGROUND & AIM: Exercise training regimes can lead to improvements in measures of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), improved general health, and reduced morbidity and overall mortality risk. High intensity interval training (HIIT) offers a time-efficient approach to improve CRF in healthy individuals, but the relative benefits of HIIT compared to traditional training methods are unknown in across different disease cohorts. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis compares CRF gains in randomised controlled trials of short-term (<8 weeks) HIIT vs...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683919/hiit-in-the-real-world-outcomes-from-a-12-month-intervention-in-overweight-adults
#2
Melyssa Roy, Sheila M Williams, Rachel C Brown, Kim A Meredith-Jones, Hamish Osborne, Michelle Jospe, Rachael W Taylor
PURPOSE: Although high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous exercise have comparable health outcomes in the laboratory setting, effectiveness studies in real-world environments are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an unsupervised HIIT programme in overweight/obese adults over 12 months. METHODS: 250 overweight/obese adults could choose HIIT or current exercise guidelines of 30 minutes/day moderate-intensity exercise...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683913/acute-cardiometabolic-responses-to-a-novel-training-rope-protocol-in-children
#3
Avery D Faigenbaum, Jie Kang, Nicholas A Ratamess, Anne Farrell, Stephanie Golda, Andrew Stranieri, Jordan Coe, Jill A Bush
Faigenbaum, AD, Kang, J, Ratamess, NA, Farrell, A, Golda, S, Stranieri, A, Coe, J, and Bush, JA. Acute cardiometabolic responses to a novel training rope protocol in children. J Strength Cond Res 32(5): 1197-1206, 2018-The purpose of this study was to quantify the acute cardiometabolic responses to a novel training rope (TR) protocol in children. Fifteen boys (10.6 ± 1.4 years) were tested for peak oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) on a treadmill and subsequently (2-7 days later) performed a progressive 10-minute protocol of 5 TR exercises (EX): EX1: standing side-to-side waves, EX2: seated alternating waves, EX3: standing alternating waves, EX4: jumping jacks, and EX5: double-arm slams...
May 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683834/the-effect-of-preoperative-exercise-on-upper-extremity-recovery-following-breast-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review
#4
Ajax Yang, Jonas Sokolof, Amitabh Gulati
Prehabilitation benefits among patients undergoing various oncological surgeries have been demonstrated. However, the effects of presurgical exercise and fitness on postoperative ipsilateral upper extremity recovery outcomes in patients with breast cancer surgery are less evident. A systematic review was performed to assess the effects of preoperative exercise and fitness on postmastectomy recovery. Systematic literature search was performed in 12 electronic databases. Study eligibility was accessed using the PICOS (Participants, Interventions, Comparison, Outcome and Study Design) criteria...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683026/exercise-induced-neuroplasticity-a-mechanistic-model-and-prospects-for-promoting-plasticity
#5
Jenin El-Sayes, Diana Harasym, Claudia V Turco, Mitchell B Locke, Aimee J Nelson
Aerobic exercise improves cognitive and motor function by inducing neural changes detected using molecular, cellular, and systems level neuroscience techniques. This review unifies the knowledge gained across various neuroscience techniques to provide a comprehensive profile of the neural mechanisms that mediate exercise-induced neuroplasticity. Using a model of exercise-induced neuroplasticity, this review emphasizes the sequence of neural events that accompany exercise, and ultimately promote changes in human performance...
April 1, 2018: Neuroscientist: a Review Journal Bringing Neurobiology, Neurology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682215/oxidative-stress-role-of-physical-exercise-and-antioxidant-nutraceuticals-in-adulthood-and-aging
#6
REVIEW
Carolina Simioni, Giorgio Zauli, Alberto M Martelli, Marco Vitale, Gianni Sacchetti, Arianna Gonelli, Luca M Neri
Physical exercise is considered to be one of the beneficial factors of a proper lifestyle and is nowadays seen as an indispensable element for good health, able to lower the risk of disorders of the cardiovascular, endocrine and osteomuscular apparatus, immune system diseases and the onset of potential neoplasms. A moderate and programmed physical exercise has often been reported to be therapeutic both in the adulthood and in aging, since capable to promote fitness. Regular exercise alleviates the negative effects caused by free radicals and offers many health benefits, including reduced risk of all-cause mortality, sarcopenia in the skeletal muscle, chronic disease, and premature death in elderly people...
March 30, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679294/gender-differences-in-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-of-post-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-patients
#7
Yong Hwan Kim, Wi-Young So
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a structured program for the prevention of secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. This study aimed to investigate whether there are gender differences after 9 months of home-based cardiac rehabilitation program in post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients. A total of 114 (58.29 ± 10.33 years) men and 30 (60.90 ± 9.32 years) women were enrolled in the CR program. The program included three visits: initial, 4th month (follow-up), and 9th month (final) visits at a CR center...
April 20, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673246/validity-of-the-6-minute-walk-test-and-step-test-for-evaluation-of-cardio-respiratory-fitness-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Min Chul Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability, reproducibility, and validity of the 6-minute walk test and step test as substitutes for ergometer exercise in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: The study included 54 women aged 50-70 years who had type 2 diabetes mellitus. All the patients performed a cycle ergometer-graded exercise test for cardiorespiratory fitness (V̇O2max), followed by 6-minute walk and step tests. RESULTS: The mean distance covered during the 6-minute walk test was 538 ± 54 m, and the mean recovery heart rate after the step test was 93 ± 11 beats/min...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670343/effect-of-6-month-community-based-exercise-interventions-on-gait-and-functional-fitness-of-an-older-population-a-quasi-experimental-study
#9
Fátima Ramalho, Rita Santos-Rocha, Marco Branco, Vera Moniz-Pereira, Helô-Isa André, António P Veloso, Filomena Carnide
Background: Gait ability in older adults has been associated with independent living, increased survival rates, fall prevention, and quality of life. There are inconsistent findings regarding the effects of exercise interventions in the maintenance of gait parameters. Objectives: The aim of the study was to analyze the effects of a community-based periodized exercise intervention on the improvement of gait parameters and functional fitness in an older adult group compared with a non-periodized program...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668729/using-machine-learning-on-cardiorespiratory-fitness-data-for-predicting-hypertension-the-henry-ford-exercise-testing-fit-project
#10
Sherif Sakr, Radwa Elshawi, Amjad Ahmed, Waqas T Qureshi, Clinton Brawner, Steven Keteyian, Michael J Blaha, Mouaz H Al-Mallah
This study evaluates and compares the performance of different machine learning techniques on predicting the individuals at risk of developing hypertension, and who are likely to benefit most from interventions, using the cardiorespiratory fitness data. The dataset of this study contains information of 23,095 patients who underwent clinician- referred exercise treadmill stress testing at Henry Ford Health Systems between 1991 and 2009 and had a complete 10-year follow-up. The variables of the dataset include information on vital signs, diagnosis and clinical laboratory measurements...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667507/effect-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-imt-on-aerobic-capacity-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-rate-of-perceived-exertion-in-paraplegics
#11
Sonali Soumyashree, Jaskirat Kaur
OBJECTIVES: The purpose is to study the effect of inspiratory muscle training on aerobic capacity, respiratory muscle strength and rate of perceived exertion in paraplegics. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: Rehabilitation department in Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, New Delhi. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 30 paraplegics (T1-T12) were randomly allocated into two groups: inspiratory muscle training (IMT) group and control group...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661150/a-moderate-500-m-treadmill-walk-for-estimating-peak-oxygen-uptake-in-men-with-nyha-class-i-ii-heart-failure-and-reduced-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#12
Gianni Mazzoni, Biagio Sassone, Giovanni Pasanisi, Jonathan Myers, Simona Mandini, Stefano Volpato, Francesco Conconi, Giorgio Chiaranda, Giovanni Grazzi
BACKGROUND: Maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is the gold-standard for cardiorespiratory fitness assessment in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. However, high costs, required medical supervision, and safety concerns make maximal exercise testing impractical for evaluating mobility-impaired adults. Thus, several submaximal walking protocols have been developed and currently used to estimate peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) in CHF patients. However, these tests have to be performed at close to maximum exercise intensity...
April 16, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651953/comparison-between-supervised-and-partly-supervised-cardiac-rehabilitation-protocols-in-hypertensive-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Larissa Barreto Parreira, Priscila Valverde de Oliveira Vitorino, Paulo Cesar Brandao Veiga Jardim, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Thiago Veiga Jardim, Watila de Moura Sousa, Alberto Fenrando Oliveira Justo, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is the main cause of cardiovascular diseases accounting for one third of global mortality. Physical exercise reduces the incidence and prevalence of HTN and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Exercises recommended for hypertensive patients include supervised cardiac rehabilitation, which occurs in rehabilitation centers, and partly supervised rehabilitation, with individual prescription of exercises conducted at patients' residences. OBJECTIVE: Compare clinical and functional parameters of hypertensive patients subjected to two cardiac rehabilitation protocols: supervised and partly supervised...
April 13, 2018: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626616/benefits-of-hippotherapy-and-horse-riding-simulation-exercise-on-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Camille Hilliere, Daniel Collado-Mateo, Santos Villafaina, Paulo Duque-Fonseca, José A Parraça
OBJECTIVE: To provide an up-to-date research analysis on equine-assisted therapies and horse riding simulation exercise in older adults, and to suggest future directions in clinical practice and research. TYPE: Systematic Review. LITERATURE SURVEY: A comprehensive search of studies was performed in 4 electronic databases (Cochrane, PubMed, PEDro and Web of Science) regarding the effects of equine-assisted therapies and horse riding simulation exercise in older adults...
April 4, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619795/switching-between-pitch-surfaces-practical-applications-and-future-perspectives-for-soccer-training
#15
Vincenzo Rago, João R Silva, João Brito, Daniel Barreira, Magni Mohr, Peter Krustrup, António N Rebelo
Soccer training and completion is conventionally practiced on natural grass (NG) or artificial turf (AT). Recently, AT pitches for training / competition, and of unstable surfaces for injury prevention training has increased. Therefore, soccer players are frequently exposed to variations in pitch surface during either training or competition. These ground changes may impact physical and physiological responses, adaptations as well as the injury. The aim of this review was to summarize the acute physical and physiological responses, chronic adaptations, and injury risk associated with exercising on different pitch surfaces in soccer...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614659/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-cognitive-function-are-positively-related-among-participants-with-mild-and-subjective-cognitive-impairment
#16
Tim Stuckenschneider, Christopher David Askew, Stefanie Rüdiger, Maria Cristina Polidori, Vera Abeln, Tobias Vogt, Andreas Krome, Marcel Olde Rikkert, Brian Lawlor, Stefan Schneider
BACKGROUND: By 2030, about 74 million people will be diagnosed with dementia, and many more will experience subjective (SCI) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). As physical inactivity has been identified to be a strong modifiable risk factor for dementia, exercise and physical activity (PA) may be important parameters to predict the progression from MCI to dementia, but might also represent disease trajectory modifying strategies for SCI and MCI. OBJECTIVE: A better understanding of the relationship between activity, fitness, and cognitive function across the spectrum of MCI and SCI would provide an insight into the potential utility of PA and fitness as early markers, and treatment targets to prevent cognitive decline...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611322/small-non-coding-rnas-are-altered-by-short-term-sprint-interval-training-in-men
#17
Joshua Denham, Adrian J Gray, John Scott-Hamilton, Amanda D Hagstrom, Aron J Murphy
Small non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are emerging as important molecules for normal biological processes and are deregulated in disease. Exercise training is a powerful therapeutic strategy that prevents cardiometabolic disease and improves cardiorespiratory fitness and performance. Despite the known systemic health benefits of exercise training, the underlying molecular mechanisms are incompletely understood. Recent evidence suggests a role for epigenetic mechanisms, such as microRNAs, but whether other small ncRNAs are modulated by chronic exercise training is unknown...
April 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601228/evaluation-of-three-measures-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-independently-ambulant-stroke-survivors
#18
Ashlee Dunn, Dianne L Marsden, Daniel Barker, Paulette van Vliet, Neil J Spratt, Robin Callister
Measuring cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in the stroke population is challenging. Currently, the recommended method is a graded exercise test (GXT) on an ergometer such as a treadmill or cycle, which may not always be possible. We investigated whether walking tests such as the six-minute walk test (6MWT) and the shuttle walk test (SWT) may be appropriate indicators of CRF in the stroke population. Twenty-three independently ambulant stroke survivors (11 men, age 61.5 ± 18.4 years) within one-year post stroke performed the 6MWT, SWT, and cycle GXT, during which peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak ) and heart rate (HRpeak ) were recorded...
March 30, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600837/the-effects-of-functional-and-traditional-strength-training-on-different-parameters-of-strength-elderly-women-a-trial-randomized-and-controlled
#19
José C Aragão-Santos, Antônio G de Resende-Neto, Albernon Costa Nogueira, M Lourdes Feitosa-Neta, Leandro H Albuquerque Brandão, Leury M da Silva Chaves, Marzo E da Silva-Grigoletto
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise is the main strategy for improving physical fitness in elderly population. However, it is not clear which training method lead to greater adaptations on maximal dynamic strength, muscle power, muscle endurance and isometric strength in this population. Thus, our aim was to compare the effects of functional and traditional training on these variables in the elderly. METHODS: This study lasted twelve weeks, where forty-four elderly women were randomly divided into three groups: Functional (FT; n = 18); Traditional (TT; n = 15); and Control (CG; n = 11)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600726/aerobic-with-resistance-training-or-aerobic-training-alone-poststroke-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Susan Marzolini, Dina Brooks, Paul Oh, David Jagroop, Bradley J MacIntosh, Nicole D Anderson, David Alter, Dale Corbett
BACKGROUND: Stroke is associated with muscle atrophy and weakness, mobility deficits, and cardiorespiratory deconditioning. Aerobic and resistance training (AT and RT) each have the potential to improve deficits, yet there is limited evidence on the utility of combined training. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of AT+RT versus AT on physiological outcomes in chronic stroke with motor impairments. METHODS: Participants (n = 73) were randomized to 6 months of AT (5 d/wk) or AT+RT (3 and 2 d/wk, respectively)...
March 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
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