keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

exercise, fitness, performance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452135/evidence-based-exercise-recommendations-to-reduce-hepatic-fat-content-in-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
María Medrano, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Idoia Labayen
The main purposes of this study were to elucidate the effects of supervised-exercise training (ET) interventions on hepatic fat content and on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) prevalence in children and adolescents and to provide information about the optimal ET prescription (type, intensity, volume, and frequency) needed to reduce hepatic fat content in youths. Supervised-ET interventions performed in children and adolescents (6-19 years) that provided results of exercise effects on hepatic fat content or NAFLD prevalence were included...
February 13, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451638/-association-between-health-anthropometric-indexes-with-physical-fitness-in-physically-active-elderly-women
#2
Pablo Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Samuel Durán-Agüero, José Zapata-Bastias, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Eduardo Guzmán-Muñoz, Antonio López-Fuenzalida
OBJECTIVE: To associate health anthropometric indexes with physical fitness of elderly women (EW) who participate in physical exercise workshops. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 272 Chilean women over 60 years took part in the study. The variables studied were BMI, waist circumference (WC), waist-height index (WHI) and physical fitness (PF). Correlations were made through the Pearson or Spearman coefficient, and bivariate associations using Pearson's Chi-square and the Fisher's exact test, considering p<0...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443823/aerobic-training-improves-quality-of-life-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#3
Eduardo Caldas Costa, Joceline Cássia Ferezini de Sá, Nigel Keith Stepto, Ingrid Bezerra Barbosa Costa, Luiz Fernando Farias-Junior, Simone da Nóbrega Tomaz Moreira, Elvira Maria Mafaldo Soares, Telma Maria Araújo Moura Lemos, Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, George Dantas Azevedo
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a supervised aerobic exercise training intervention on health-related quality of life (HRQL), cardiorespiratory fitness, cardiometabolic profile, and affective response in overweight/obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Twenty-seven overweight/obese inactive women with PCOS (body mass index, BMI ≥ 25 kg/m; aged from 18 to 34 years) were allocated into an exercise group (n = 14) and a control group (n = 13)...
February 13, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439911/-effects-of-physical-exercise-in-a-population-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review
#4
C Ayán, A de Pedro-Múñez, I Martínez-Lemos
This systematic review was aimed at analysing the existing scientific evidence regarding the effects of physical exercise on the symptomatology, disease activity, and fitness level in a population with systemic lupus erythematosus. Following the PRISMA checklist, a search was carried out on PubMed, PEDro, and Sportdiscus databases. The PEDro and MINORS checklists were used in order to identify the methodological quality of the studies selected. A total of 14 studies were found, of which 10 were randomised controlled trials, and 4 were comparative studies...
February 10, 2018: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437484/the-effects-of-thai-yoga-on-physical-fitness-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#5
Chuenjid Kongkaew, Parinya Lertsinthai, Katechan Jampachaisri, Pajaree Mongkhon, Peerapong Meesomperm, Kunwarang Kornkaew, Phichamon Malaiwong
OBJECTIVES: Thai yoga is a traditional Thai exercise used for improving health-related physical fitness. Many studies have evaluated these effects, but their results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the effectiveness of Thai yoga on physical fitness. DESIGN/METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane library, Thai Library Integrated System (ThaiLis), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), National Rehabilitation Information Center (Rehabdata), Scopus, Web of Science, Thai University library databases/journals, and Thai Physical Therapy database up to March 2016 were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of Thai yoga exercise compared with normal daily activities as controls, in any language...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436126/aerobic-exercise-prior-to-task-specific-training-to-improve-poststroke-motor-function-a-case-series
#6
S R Valkenborghs, M M Visser, M Nilsson, R Callister, P van Vliet
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise can improve upper limb motor function in both healthy and stroke populations. Research in animals after stroke has shown that aerobic exercise combined with forelimb motor training improved forelimb motor function more than aerobic exercise or motor training alone. There is a lack of knowledge about this combined intervention in humans after stroke. PURPOSE: These 2 case reports describe the exploratory implementation of a combined aerobic exercise and task-specific training intervention to improve upper limb motor function in one person in subacute stroke recovery and one person in chronic stroke recovery...
February 13, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428927/dancing-for-healthy-aging-functional-and-metabolic-perspectives
#7
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Mauricio Krause, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
Context • Dancing has been used as a form of exercise to improve functional and metabolic outcomes during aging. The field lacks randomized, clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating metabolic outcomes related to dance interventions, but dancing may be a form of exercise that could induce positive effects on the metabolic health of older adults. However, primary studies seem very heterogonous regarding the trial designs, characteristics of the interventions, the methods for outcomes assessments, statistical powers, and methodological quality...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425566/functional-outcome-in-contemporary-children-with-total-cavopulmonary-connection-health-related-physical-fitness-exercise-capacity-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#8
Julia Hock, Barbara Reiner, Rhoia C Neidenbach, Renate Oberhoffer, Alfred Hager, Peter Ewert, Jan Müller
OBJECTIVE: Children and adolescents with an univentricular heart after total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) have functional impairments. This study assesses health-related physical fitness (HRPF) and exercise capacity, as well as their relation to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with an univentricular heart after total-pulmonary connection (TCPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between July 2014 and October 2016 a total of 78 children and adolescents with TCPC (12...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424279/commentary-on-the-assessment-and-interpretation-of-pediatric-aerobic-fitness-the-year-that-was-2017
#9
Neil Armstrong
Three papers, which between them contribute to the current debate on the assessment and interpretation of pediatric aerobic fitness, were selected for commentary. The first paper (Children. 2017; 4:6; doi: 10.3390/children4010006 ) highlights the merits of clinical exercise testing and advocates the advancement of pediatric exercise testing through a rationale founded on demonstrated prognostic value of data obtained. It notes the lack of well-accepted definitions of exercise outcome variables in children and promotes the case for data harmonization across laboratories...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421607/differences-in-muscle-adaptation-to-a-12-week-mixed-power-training-in-elderly-men-depending-on-usual-protein-intake
#10
M C Dulac, C H Pion, F Lemieux, G Boutros El Hajj, M Belanger, P Gaudreau, S Chevalier, J A Morais, G Gouspillou, M Aubertin-Leheudre
INTRODUCTION: Normal aging is often associated with a decline of muscle mass (MM), strength (MS) and quality (MQ: MS/MM), leading to functional incapacities. This aging-related deterioration of muscles may involve a decreased protein intake. Mixed power training has been recently shown to induce positive effects on MM, MS and MQ. However, to our knowledge, no study has examined if muscle adaptations following mixed power training could be influenced by the daily amount of protein ingested in elderly men...
February 5, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410581/the-effects-of-proprioception-exercise-with-and-without-visual-feedback-on-the-pain-and-balance-in-patients-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#11
Hyung-Taek Oh, Gak Hwangbo
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the effects of proprioception exercise to decrease pain and increase the ability to balance by implementing visual feedback during early rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty. [Subjects and Methods] In this study, 24 patients who receive a total knee arthroplasty were randomly and equally assigned to a visual feedback training group (VFT group) and a visual disuse group (Control group). They performed visual feedback training using the My Fitness Trainer (MFT, Austria) for 20 minutes, three times per week for eight weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408563/exercise-prescription-using-a-group-normalized-rating-of-perceived-exertion-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-spina-bifida
#12
Theresa M Crytzer, Mariam Keramati, Steve Anthony, Yu-Ting Cheng, Robert J Robertson, Brad E Dicianno
BACKGROUND: People with spina bifida (SB) face personal and environmental barriers to exercise that contribute to physical inactivity, obesity, risk of cardiovascular disease and poor aerobic fitness. The WHEEL rating of perceived exertion (RPE) scale was validated in people with SB to monitor exercise intensity. However, the psycho-physiological link between RPE and ventilatory breakpoint (Vpt), the Group Normalized Perceptual Response, has not been determined and would provide a starting point for aerobic exercise in this cohort...
February 3, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401194/anthropometric-and-physiological-characteristics-of-brazilian-jiu-jitsu-athletes
#13
Karsten Øvretveit
The aim of this study was to describe anthropometric and physiological characteristics of Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) athletes. For this purpose, 42 male athletes were recruited from one of the largest BJJ academies in central Norway. The subjects were 32 ± 6 (SD) years old, 181.9 ± 7.2 cm tall, had a body mass (mb) of 85.7 ± 10.6 kg, and 5.5 ± 3.7 years of BJJ training experience. The subjects underwent segmental multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) of body composition, direct measurements of pulmonary function and maximal oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2max), assessments of one-repetition maximum (1RM) in the parallel squat and paused bench press, and one set of pronated-grip pull-ups to muscular failure...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395374/effects-of-weight-changes-in-the-autonomic-nervous-system-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
João Costa, André Moreira, Pedro Moreira, Luís Delgado, Diana Silva
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been linked to autonomic dysfunction, which is thought to be one of the main contributors for hypertension, cardiac remodelling and death. Exercise and diet-based weight loss are the mainstay therapy for obesity, but there is a paucity of data regarding the effect of weight changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity. OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of weight changes in autonomic nervous system. METHODS: A systematic literature search of four biomedical databases was performed evaluating effects of weight changes, thorough diet and/or exercise-based interventions, in the following ANS outcomes: heart rate variability, namely low frequency (LF)/high frequency (HF) ratio (LF/HF ratio), normalized units of LF (LFnu) and HF (HFnu), muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), noradrenaline spillover rate (NA-SR), standard deviation of normal-to-normal intervals (SDNN), root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD), baroreflex sensitivity and pupillometry...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392087/role-of-dietary-protein-and-muscular-fitness-on-longevity-and-aging
#15
REVIEW
Barbara Strasser, Konstantinos Volaklis, Dietmar Fuchs, Martin Burtscher
Muscle atrophy is an unfortunate effect of aging and many diseases and can compromise physical function and impair vital metabolic processes. Low levels of muscular fitness together with insufficient dietary intake are major risk factors for illness and mortality from all causes. Ultimately, muscle wasting contributes significantly to weakness, disability, increased hospitalization, immobility, and loss of independence. However, the extent of muscle wasting differs greatly between individuals due to differences in the aging process per se as well as physical activity levels...
February 2018: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390416/southern-italian-teenagers-the-older-they-get-the-unfit-they-become-with-girls-worse-than-boys-a-cohort-epidemiological-study-the-adolescents-surveillance-system-for-the-obesity-prevention-project-asso
#16
Monèm Jemni, M Justin Zaman, Daniela La Rocca, Garden Tabacchi
Italy comprises a high proportion of people who never exercised. Low physical activity levels in adolescents is a risk factor for several disorders. The aim of this cohort epidemiological study was to compare physical fitness profiles between boys and girls with regard to age and gender and to identify health and fitness-related markers that contribute to the make-up of Southern Italian teenagers.Eight hundred eleven teenagers were assessed for anthropometric measurements and completed the 5 ASSO-fitness tests battery...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382479/-does-a-physical-education-lesson-affect-the-foot-morphology-in-school-aged-children
#17
Laura Martín-Casado, Christian Barquín
BACKGROUND: To analyze the changes in foot morphology in school-age children, after a Physical Education lesson. METHODS: A total of 10 school-age children (5 girls and 5 boys) were recruited with a mean age of 9.3 ± 0.5 years that voluntary participated in this study. Measurements of both feet were obtained using a 3D foot digitizer model IFU-S-01 (Japan) in two different moments, before and after a physical education lesson (per-exercise and post-exercise), where different activities involving displacements, jumps and landings were performed...
September 2017: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380320/physical-activity-assessment-in-clinical-studies-of-substance-use-disorder
#18
Rhiannon Dowla, Bridin Murnion, Kia Roberts, Jonathan Freeston, Kieron Rooney
The therapeutic effect of exercise in promoting mental health is well known, and there is a growing body of evidence for incorporating physical activity-based interventions in the management of substance use disorders (SUD). A particular challenge in this area is a lack of standardized testing protocols between studies and clear descriptive statistics on the capacity of the SUD patient to perform exercise. Therefore, an essential starting point for new studies that seek to incorporate exercise into usual care therapy for SUD is an appropriate suite of baseline fitness assessments that include measures of aerobic capacity as well as muscular strength and/or endurance...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377715/fitness-level-modulates-intraocular-pressure-responses-to-strength-exercises
#19
Jesús Vera, Raimundo Jiménez, Beatríz Redondo, David Cárdenas, Amador García-Ramos
Purpose/Aim: The execution of strength exercises has demonstrated to increase the intraocular pressure (IOP) levels, and it may have a negative impact on the ocular health. We aimed to explore the influence of fitness level on the acute IOP response to strength exercises performed under different loading conditions, as well as to test whether the IOP responses differ between the bench press and jump squat when performed against the same relative loads. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty military personnel males were divided in two subgroups (20 high-fit and 20 low-fit) based on their relative to body mass one-repetition maximum (1-RM)...
January 29, 2018: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377552/cardiorespiratory-fitness-exercise-hemodynamics-and-birth-outcomes-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#20
Abbi D Lane-Cordova, Mercedes R Carnethon, Janet M Catov, Samantha Montag, Cora E Lewis, Pamela J Schreiner, Annie Dude, Barbara Sternfeld, Sylvia E Badon, Philip Greenland, Erica P Gunderson
OBJECTIVE: Determine associations of cardiorespiratory fitness, exercise systolic blood pressure (SBP), and heart rate recovery (HRR) following a maximal exercise test performed years preceding pregnancy with odds of preterm birth (PTB; <37 weeks gestation) and small for gestational age (SGA; birthweight <10th percentile) delivery. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal. SETTING: Multi-site, observational cohort study initially consisting of 2,787 Black and White women aged 18-30 at baseline (1985-86) and followed for 25 years (Y25; 2010-11)...
January 29, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
keyword
keyword
48059
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"