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Iron and anemia and children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329301/association-between-non-iron-deficient-anemia-and-insomnia-symptoms-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-baltimore-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#1
Lenis P Chen-Edinboro, Laura E Murray-Kolb, Eleanor M Simonsick, Luigi Ferrucci, Richard Allen, Martha E Payne, Adam P Spira
Background: Anemia is associated with poorer sleep in children, and clinically, anemia is linked to insomnia. However, the association between anemia and insomnia in older adults is understudied. Methods: We examined the cross-sectional association between anemia and insomnia in 1,053 adults (71.4 ± 10.6 years) in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Participants were classified as nonanemic, non-iron-deficient anemic, or iron-deficient anemic based on hemoglobin, ferritin, transferrin saturation, and mean cell volume...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319940/iron-status-of-vegetarian-children-a-review-of-literature
#2
Roman Pawlak, Kami Bell
BACKGROUND: Iron is considered a nutrient of concern for vegetarians. In children, inadequate iron status may lead to anemia and poor growth. SUMMARY: Thirteen original manuscripts met the inclusion criteria. Various biochemical markers of iron status, such as hemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin, were used. Seven of the 13 studies reported the prevalence of iron deficiency separately for vegetarians and non-vegetarians. Five out of 7 showed a higher prevalence of iron deficiency among the vegetarian participants, while the other 2 showed a higher prevalence of iron deficiency among non-vegetarians...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319154/effectiveness-of-community-based-complementary-food-supplement-yingyangbao-distribution-in-children-aged-6-23-months-in-poor-areas-in-china
#3
Jie Wang, Suying Chang, Liyun Zhao, Wentao Yu, Jian Zhang, Qingqing Man, Li He, Yifan Duan, Hui Wang, Robert Scherpbier, Shi-An Yin
BACKGROUND: Poor growth and micronutrient deficiency mainly attack older infants and young children. Some countries have adopted clinically effective measures to combat malnutrition, but the compliance and improvement in efficacy of intervention vehicles in national programs require evaluation. METHODS: Baseline and follow-up cross-sectional surveys were conducted before and after a nutrition intervention program in 3 national poverty counties in China. Soybean-based complementary food supplements called Yingyangbao (YYB) in Chinese and training materials on child feeding were distributed to households with children aged 6-23 months for 18 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302014/role-of-hepcidin-25-in-chronic-kidney-disease-anemia-and-beyond
#4
Norishi Ueda, Kazuya Takasawa
Iron is an essential element for all living organisms, but produces toxic oxidants. Thus, iron homeostasis is tightly regulated in mammals. Hepcidin-25 (hepcidin) has emerged as a molecule that regulates iron metabolism. Binding of hepcidin to its receptor, ferroportin, inhibits intestinal iron absorption and iron efflux from hepatocytes and macrophages. Decreased hepcidin enhances iron absorption and efflux. Hepcidin could be predictive of iron status and the response to iron supplementation or erythropoietin-stimulating agents...
March 16, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245227/delivery-of-iron-fortified-yoghurt-through-a-dairy-value-chain-program-increases-hemoglobin-concentration-among-children-24-to-59-months-old-in-northern-senegal-a-cluster-randomized-control-trial
#5
Agnes Le Port, Tanguy Bernard, Melissa Hidrobo, Ousmane Birba, Rahul Rawat, Marie T Ruel
BACKGROUND: Innovative strategies are needed to enhance the nutritional impact of agriculture. Value chain approaches, which use supply chains to add value (usually economic) to products as they move from producers to consumers, can be used to increase access to nutritious foods and improve nutritional status. This study tested whether a dairy value chain could be used to distribute a micronutrient-fortified yoghurt (MNFY) (conditional upon the producer supplying a minimum amount of cow milk/day) to improve hemoglobin and reduce anemia among preschool children in a remote area in Northern Senegal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202115/-clinical-features-and-pathogenic-gene-detection-of-diamond-blackfan-anemia
#6
Xu He, Zhi-Liang Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features of Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) and related pathogenic genes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of two children with DBA, and related literature was reviewed. RESULTS: The two children with DBA (2-3 months old) manifested with severe normochromic normocytic anemia, decreased reticulocyte count, and increased serum iron and serum ferritin. Normal white blood cell and platelet counts were noted in the two patients...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152989/small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-containing-different-amounts-of-zinc-along-with-diarrhea-and-malaria-treatment-increase-iron-and-vitamin-a-status-and-reduce-anemia-prevalence-but-do-not-affect-zinc-status-in-young-burkinabe-children-a-cluster
#7
Souheila Abbeddou, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Jérome W Somé, Jean Bosco Ouédraogo, Kenneth H Brown, Sonja Y Hess
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effects of providing a package of interventions including small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) containing 0, 5 or 10 mg zinc and illness treatment to Burkinabe children from 9 to 18 months of age, on biomarkers of zinc, iron and vitamin A status at 18 months and compared with a non-intervention cohort (NIC). METHODS: Using a two-stage cluster randomized trial design, communities were randomly assigned to the intervention cohort (IC) or NIC, and extended family compounds within the IC were randomly assigned to different treatment groups...
February 2, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152069/subclinical-inflammation-influences-the-association-between-vitamin-a-and-iron-status-among-schoolchildren-in-ghana
#8
Abdul-Razak Abizari, Fusta Azupogo, Inge D Brouwer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In resource-poor settings, micronutrient deficiencies such as vitamin A deficiency may co-exist with iron-deficiency. In this study we assessed the iron and vitamin A status of schoolchildren and the association between vitamin A and iron status. METHODS: A cross-sectional design using the baseline data of a dietary intervention trial conducted among randomly selected 5-12 years old schoolchildren (n = 224) from 2 rural schools in northern Ghana...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125303/sugarcane-molasses-a-potential-dietary-supplement-in-the-management-of-iron-deficiency-anemia
#9
Rahi Jain, Padma Venkatasubramanian
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a serious public health problem that debilitates ∼1.6 billion people globally every year, the majority being pregnant women and children from developing countries. In India, for example, in spite of several operational programs at the national level using iron-folic acid and other allopathic interventions, IDA is still prevalent. Traditional medicines, such as Ayurveda, prescribe herbal formulations containing sugarcane derivatives for the management of pandu, a condition similar to IDA...
September 3, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090490/iron-deficiency-anemia-in-infants-and-toddlers
#10
Eun Young Joo, Keun Young Kim, Dong Hyun Kim, Ji-Eun Lee, Soon Ki Kim
BACKGROUND: In Korea, the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) among older infants and young children remains high. To detect IDA early and to reduce its adverse impact, we assessed the characteristics of infants and young children who had IDA or were at risk of developing IDA, or who exhibited characteristics associated with severe anemia. METHODS: Among the 1,782 IDA-affected children aged 6 months to 18 years who visited the hospital, we retrospectively analyzed the medical records and laboratory data of 1,330 IDA-affected children aged 6-23 months who were diagnosed between 1996 and 2013...
December 2016: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068960/nutritional-status-among-primary-school-children-in-rural-sri-lanka-a-public-health-challenge-for-a-country-with-high-child-health-standards
#11
N P G C R Naotunna, M Dayarathna, H Maheshi, G S Amarasinghe, V S Kithmini, M Rathnayaka, L Premachandra, N Premarathna, P C Rajasinghe, G Wijewardana, T C Agampodi, S B Agampodi
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status of pre adolescent children is not widely studied in Sri Lanka. The purpose of this study was to determine the nutritional status among pre-adolescent school children in a rural province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: A school based cross sectional study was carried out in North Central Province in 100 rural schools, selected using multi stage cluster sampling with probability proportionate to size. Children in grade one to five were enrolled with a maximum cluster size of fifty...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060688/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-iron-depletion-during-pregnancy-a-prospective-study
#12
Ana Gomes da Costa, Sara Vargas, Nuno Clode, Luís M Graça
INTRODUCTION: Anemia and iron deficiency during pregnancy are a worldwide concern and are more frequent among women of reproductive age, pregnant women, and young children. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia and the risk factors for iron depletion during the first half of pregnancy, in a Portuguese population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted at a tertiary hospital and included pregnant women, until the 20th week of gestation...
September 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028297/histopathological-features-of-coeliac-disease-in-a-sample-of-sudanese-patients
#13
M A N Mokhtar, S O Mekki, H M Y Mudawi, S H Sulaiman, M A Tahir, M A Tigani, I A Omer, B M Yousif, I A Fragalla, Z Mohammed, M Dafaalla
INTRODUCTION: Coeliac disease can occur at any age but is more common in children. Its diagnosis requires correlation between clinical presentations, serological results, endoscopic findings and histopathological classification using the modified Marsh grading system. This study of coeliac disease with biopsies received in the department of histopathology at Soba University Hospital, and Fedail Hospital aimed to gain insight into the demographic profile, clinical presentations and histopathological classification of patients with coeliac disease...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004477/revisiting-autoimmune-gastritis-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#14
Alix Besançon, Bénédicte Michaud, Jacques Beltrand, Tania Goncalves, Jean-Philippe Jais, Michel Polak, Lucienne Chatenoud, Jean-Jacques Robert
OBJECTIVE: Assess the frequency of anti-H(+) /K(+) adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) autoantibodies (AAB) and symptoms of autoimmune gastritis in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Anti-H(+) /K(+) ATPase AAB were measured in 402 children and adolescents (210 boys and 192 girls, 11.1 ± 4.5 years) treated for T1D (screened positive for β-cell AAB), along with search of symptoms of anemia (hemoglobin, serum iron, and ferritin levels) and gastric pain...
December 22, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999949/anemia-in-nephrotic-syndrome-approach-to-evaluation-and-treatment
#15
Franca Iorember, Diego Aviles
Nephrotic syndrome is one of the most common glomerular diseases that affect in children. Complications may occur in nephrotic syndrome as a result of the disease itself as well as its treatment. Most of these complications result from excessive urinary protein losses, and control of proteinuria is the most effective treatment strategy. Anemia is one of the many complications seen in patients with persistent nephrotic syndrome and may occur as a result of excessive urinary losses of iron, transferrin, erythropoietin, transcobalamin and/or metals...
December 21, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998390/cut-off-values-of-diagnostic-indices-to-detect-iron-deficiency-in-chinese-breast-fed-infants
#16
Qin Wu, Jie Ren, Li Chen Yang, Jie Liu, Jun Wei, Wei Zhang, Na Li, Yue Jiao Wang, Li Huang Yan, Jian Rong Ma, Xiao Guang Yang
Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most prevalent nutritional deficiency worldwide. The commonly used cut-off values for identifying iron deficiency are extrapolated from older children and may not be suitable for infants. Therefore, our study aimed to establish appropriate cut-off values for the evaluation of iron status in Chinese infants. Pregnant women who delivered at ⋝37 gestational weeks with normal iron status were recruited. Later, infants with normal birth weight and who were breastfed in the first 4 months were selected...
November 2016: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982368/nutrition-situation-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-current-scenario-past-trends-and-data-gaps
#17
Luis Galicia, Rubén Grajeda, Daniel López de Romaña
Objective: To determine the current nutritional status in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and identify data gaps and trends in nutrition surveillance. Methods: A systematic Internet search was conducted to identify official sources that allowed for monitoring of LAC countries' nutritional status, including progress toward World Health Organization Global Nutrition Targets 2025. Reports from national nutrition surveillance systems and reports on nationally representative surveys were collected and collated to 1) analyze nutritional status, based on life-course anthropometric indicators and biomarkers, and 2) identify gaps in data availability and trends in nutritional deficiencies...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940685/prenatal-iron-deficiency-neonatal-ferritin-and-infant-cognitive-function
#18
Michael O Mireku, Leslie L Davidson, Michael J Boivin, Romeo Zoumenou, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Florence Bodeau-Livinec
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of prenatal maternal iron deficiency (ID) on cord blood serum ferritin (CBSF) concentration and infant cognitive and motor development. METHODS: Our prospective cohort study included 636 mother-singleton child pairs from 828 eligible pregnant women who were enrolled during their first antenatal care (ANC) visit in Allada, Benin, into a clinical trial comparing the efficacy of mefloquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine. Venous blood samples of women were assessed for ferritin and hemoglobin concentrations at the first and second ANC visits (occurring at least 1-month apart) and at delivery...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928530/prevalence-of-thalassemia-trait-iron-deficiency-anemia-during-infancy-in-2011-2013-in-a-thalassemia-prevalent-region-north-cyprus
#19
Burçin Şanlidağ, Buse Çağin, Övgü Özenli, Özlem Şahaloğlu, Ceyhun Dalkan, Nilüfer Galip, Arzu Babayiğit Hocaoğlu, Nerin Bahçeciler
BACKGROUND: Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) is an important health problem all around the world especially in developing countries. In the Mediterranean countries another prevelant reason of anemia is Thalassemia. Certain strategies had been established as a government policy to reduce prevalence in North Cyprus, such as pre-marital screening of Thalassemia. The prevalence of thalassemia trait has not been evaluated since then. The aim of this study was to detect the prevalence of IDA, thalassemia trait in infants under regular follow-up and to evaluate the compliance to prophylactic iron supplementation (PIS) and its effect on IDA...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916873/the-effect-of-low-dose-iron-and-zinc-intake-on-child-micronutrient-status-and-development-during-the-first-1000-days-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Nicolai Petry, Ibironke Olofin, Erick Boy, Moira Donahue Angel, Fabian Rohner
Adequate supply of micronutrients during the first 1000 days is essential for normal development and healthy life. We aimed to investigate if interventions administering dietary doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) of iron and zinc within the window from conception to age 2 years have the potential to influence nutritional status and development of children. To address this objective, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and quasi-randomized fortification, biofortification, and supplementation trials in women (pregnant and lactating) and children (6-23 months) delivering iron or zinc in doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) levels was conducted...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
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