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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937606/a-novel-nanocomposite-as-an-efficient-adsorbent-for-the-rapid-adsorption-of-ni-ii-from-aqueous-solution
#1
Xiaotao Zhang, Ximing Wang, Zhangjing Chen
A sulfhydryl-lignocellulose/montmorillonite (SLT) nanocomposite was prepared using a chemical intercalation reaction. The SLT nanocomposite was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), the results demonstrated that an intercalated-exfoliated nanostructure was formed in the SLT nanocomposite. Batch experiments were conducted to optimize parameters such as SLT nanocomposite dosage, the initial concentration of Ni(II), solution pH, temperature, and time...
September 22, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931428/personalized-predictive-modeling-for-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-using-an-extension-of-sullivan-s-life-table-model
#2
Eric Stallard, Bruce Kinosian, Yaakov Stern
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression varies substantially among patients, hindering calculation of residual total life expectancy (TLE) and its decomposition into disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) and disabled life expectancy (DLE) for individual patients with AD. The objective of the present study was to assess the accuracy of a new synthesis of Sullivan's life table (SLT) and longitudinal Grade of Membership (L-GoM) models that estimates individualized TLEs, DFLEs, and DLEs for patients with AD...
September 20, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931298/-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-implication-for-medicament-glaucoma-treatment-interruption-in-pregnant-and-breastfeeding-women
#3
P Výborný, S Sičáková, Z Flórová, I Sováková
During the period of the last six years (2010-2016), the authors performed Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) in 32 women (64 eyes); pregnant women patients with primary open angle glaucoma were referred to the Department of Ophthalmology, First Medical Faculty, Charles University, and Central Military Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic, European Union, to perform this procedure with the goal to interrupt their antiglaucomatic treatment by means of eye drops during the pregnancy and the breastfeeding period...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928314/smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health-in-bangladesh
#4
REVIEW
Rumana Huque, M Mostafa Zaman, Syed Mahfuzul Huq, Dhirendra N Sinha
Despite the high prevalence of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use among adults in Bangladesh, SLT was not included in the Tobacco Control Law till 2013. Information on SLT use among Bangladeshi people is inadequate for policymaking and implementing effective control measures. With the aim to identify the prevalence and trends of different SLT products, health and economic impacts, manufacture, and sale of and policies related to SLT in Bangladesh, we carried out a literature review, which involved literature search, data extraction, and synthesis...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904232/effects-of-high-versus-moderate-intensity-training-on-neuroplasticity-and-functional-recovery-after-focal-ischemia
#5
Caroline Pin-Barre, Annabelle Constans, Jeanick Brisswalter, Christophe Pellegrino, Jérôme Laurin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIT) and moderate-intensity aerobic training (MOD) on functional recovery and cerebral plasticity during the first 2 weeks after cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Rats were randomized as follows: control (n=15), SHAM (n=9), middle cerebral artery occlusion (n=13), middle cerebral artery occlusion at day 1 (n=7), MOD (n=13), and HIT (n=13). Incremental tests were performed at day 1 (D1) and 14 (D14) to identify the running speed associated with the lactate threshold (SLT) and the maximal speed (Smax)...
September 13, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903966/laser-in-glaucoma-and-ocular-hypertension-light-trial-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-design-and-methodology
#6
Gus Gazzard, Evgenia Konstantakopoulou, David Garway-Heath, Keith Barton, Richard Wormald, Stephen Morris, Rachael Hunter, Gary Rubin, Marta Buszewicz, Gareth Ambler, Catey Bunce
PURPOSE: The Laser in Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension (LiGHT) Trial aims to establish whether initial treatment with selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) is superior to initial treatment with topical medication for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT). DESIGN: The LiGHT Trial is a prospective, unmasked, multicentre, pragmatic, randomised controlled trial. 718 previously untreated patients with POAG or OHT were recruited at six collaborating centres in the UK between 2012 and 2014...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890407/treatment-for-intrahepatic-recurrence-after-curative-resection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-salvage-liver-transplantation-or-re-resection-radiofrequency-ablation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Xiaoyun Zhang, Chuan Li, Tianfu Wen, Wei Peng, Lunan Yan, Jiayin Yang
OBJECTIVE: The optimal treatment strategy for patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. This study was designed to investigate the outcomes of salvage liver transplantation (SLT) and re-resection (RR)/radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with respect to the time to recurrence after initial curative resection. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2016, 756 patients underwent curative hepatectomy for HCC in accordance with the Milan criteria. Among them, 152 experienced an intrahepatic recurrence and underwent SLT (n = 36) and RR/RFA (n = 116)...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886123/increased-medial-olivocochlear-reflex-strength-in-normal-hearing-noise-exposed-humans
#8
Ishan Bhatt
Research suggests that college-aged adults are vulnerable to tinnitus and hearing loss due to exposure to traumatic levels of noise on a regular basis. Recent human studies have associated exposure to high noise exposure background (NEB, i.e., routine noise exposure) with the reduced cochlear output and impaired speech processing ability in subjects with clinically normal hearing sensitivity. While the relationship between NEB and the functions of the auditory afferent neurons are studied in the literature, little is known about the effects of NEB on functioning of the auditory efferent system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870554/effectiveness-of-speech-language-therapy-either-alone-or-with-add-on-computer-based-language-therapy-software-malayalam-version-for-early-post-stroke-aphasia-a-feasibility-study
#9
Praveen Kesav, S L Vrinda, Sajith Sukumaran, P S Sarma, P N Sylaja
CONTEXT AND AIMS: This study aimed to assess the feasibility of professional based conventional speech language therapy (SLT) either alone (Group A/less intensive) or assisted by novel computer based local language software (Group B/more intensive) for rehabilitation in early post stroke aphasia. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Comprehensive Stroke Care Center of a tertiary health care institute situated in South India, with the study design being prospective open randomised controlled trial with blinded endpoint evaluation...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866829/an-investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-swallowing-difficulties-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-lung-cancer
#10
Grainne C Brady, Justin W G Roe, Mary O' Brien, Annette Boaz, Clare Shaw
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia can occur in advanced lung cancer due to direct tumour invasion or nerve compression. Anti-cancer treatments and co-morbid conditions may also cause or compound dysphagic symptoms. Speech and language therapy (SLT), medical and surgical interventions are available to address dysphagic symptoms in patients with lung cancer, however, management options are not described in national guidelines. Given the potentially short prognoses for patients with lung cancer, the aim of care should be to reduce symptom burden and maximise quality of life (QOL)...
September 2, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857633/practice-makes-perfect-the-pedagogic-value-of-online-independent-phonetic-transcription-practice-for-speech-and-language-therapy-students
#11
Jill Titterington, Sally Bates
Accuracy of phonetic transcription is a core skill for speech and language therapists (SLTs) worldwide (Howard & Heselwood, 2002). The current study investigates the value of weekly independent online phonetic transcription tasks to support development of this skill in year one SLT students. Using a mixed methods observational design, students enrolled in a year one phonetics module completed 10 weekly homework activities in phonetic transcription on a stand-alone tutorial site (WebFon (Bates, Matthews & Eagles, 2010)) and 5 weekly online quizzes (the 'Ulster Set' (Titterington, unpublished))...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851443/the-pd-comm-trial-a-protocol-for-the-process-evaluation-of-a-randomised-trial-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-two-types-of-slt-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Patricia Masterson-Algar, Christopher R Burton, Marian C Brady, Avril Nicoll, Carl E Clarke, Caroline Rick, Max Hughes, Pui Au, Christina H Smith, Catherine M Sackley
BACKGROUND: The PD COMM trial is a phase III multi-centre randomised controlled trial whose aim is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of two approaches to speech and language therapy (SLT) compared with no SLT intervention (control) for people with Parkinson's disease who have self-reported or carer-reported problems with their speech or voice. Our protocol describes the process evaluation embedded within the outcome evaluation whose aim is to evaluate what happened at the time of the PD COMM intervention implementation and to provide findings that will assist in the interpretation of the PD COMM trial results...
August 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845323/selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-vs-fixed-combinations-with-timolol-in-practice-a-replacement-study-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#13
Ali Kutlay Tufan, İsmail Umut Onur, Fadime Ulviye Yiğit, Ahmet Ağaçhan, Şenay Aşık Nacaroğlu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in two arms (360˚ vs. 180˚) as a replacement for fixed combinations (FCs) with timolol in primary open angle glaucoma over 6 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 40 patients in a prospective, comparative, interventional case series, 18 eyes and 22 eyes were randomized to SLT 180º and SLT 360º groups, respectively, along with 40 fellow-control eyes. FC with timolol was discontinued on the day of treatment for the eye to be operated on, while ongoing therapy was not interrupted for the contralateral eye...
August 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843085/the-influence-of-groups-and-alcohol-consumption-on-individual-risk-taking
#14
Marianne Erskine-Shaw, Rebecca L Monk, Adam W Qureshi, Derek Heim
BACKGROUND: Research addressing the influence of alcohol and groups on risky behaviour has yielded contradictory findings regarding the extent to which intoxicated groups exaggerate or minimise risk-taking. Previous work has examined the effect of intoxication on risk-taking focusing on collective group decision-making, and to date the influence of alcohol consumption and groups on individual risk-taking has yet to be explored experimentally. The current study therefore examined the impact of intoxication and groups on individual risk-taking...
August 22, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839407/smokeless-tobacco-profiling-sachets-and-pattern-of-use-among-low-socioeconomic-population-of-puducherry
#15
Kuldeep Singh Shekhawat, Arunima Chauhan, S Sakthidevi, Prasoon Goyal, Saptadeepa Bhattacharjee
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption is highest among labor classes and low socioeconomic status (SES), with inclination toward smokeless tobacco (SLT). AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of SLT consumption with secondary objective to profile various sachets of SLT most commonly sold in the study setting. SETTING AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire study conducted in rural Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-interviewed structured questionnaire was administered to 150 participants from two villages...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837872/pollution-potential-leaching-index-as-a-tool-to-assess-water-leaching-risk-of-arsenic-in-excavated-urban-soils
#16
Jining Li, Tomoya Kosugi, Shohei Riya, Yohey Hashimoto, Hong Hou, Akihiko Terada, Masaaki Hosomi
Leaching of hazardous trace elements from excavated urban soils during construction of cities has received considerable attention in recent years in Japan. A new concept, the pollution potential leaching index (PPLI), was applied to assess the risk of arsenic (As) leaching from excavated soils. Sequential leaching tests (SLT) with two liquid-to-solid (L/S) ratios (10 and 20Lkg(-1)) were conducted to determine the PPLI values, which represent the critical cumulative L/S ratios at which the average As concentrations in the cumulative leachates are reduced to critical values (10 or 5µgL(-1))...
August 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833305/factors-associated-with-second-line-triplet-therapy-in-routine-care-in-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma
#17
P Hari, D Romanus, H J Henk, L K Becker, S J Noga, V A Morrison
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Second-line therapy (SLT) trials in relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) report superior outcomes with triplet combinations. We sought to determine factors associated with triplet SLT in routine practice. METHODS: A retrospective cohort with claims for MM between 01/01/2008 and 03/31/2015 was grouped by 1-2 ("doublet") or 3+ ("triplet") agent therapy. Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) and disability status; CRAB symptoms (hypercalcaemia, renal/bone disease, anaemia); and relapse risk were determined...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817359/developing-the-storyline-for-an-advance-care-planning-video-for-surgery-patients-patient-centered-outcomes-research-engagement-from-stakeholder-summit-to-state-fair
#18
Rebecca A Aslakson, Anne L R Schuster, Thomas J Lynch, Matthew J Weiss, Lydia Gregg, Judith Miller, Sarina R Isenberg, Norah L Crossnohere, Alison M Conca-Cheng, Angelo E Volandes, Thomas J Smith, John F P Bridges
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) methods and social learning theory (SLT) require intensive interaction between researchers and stakeholders. Advance care planning (ACP) is valuable before major surgery, but a systematic review found no extant perioperative ACP tools. Consequently, PCOR methods and SLT can inform the development of an ACP educational video for patients and families preparing for major surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to develop and test acceptability of an ACP video storyline...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806477/curative-salvage-liver-transplantation-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-intention-to-treat-analysis
#19
Robbert J de Haas, Chetana Lim, Prashant Bhangui, Chady Salloum, Philippe Compagnon, Cyrille Feray, Julien Calderaro, Alain Luciani, Daniel Azoulay
The salvage liver transplantation (SLT) strategy was conceived for initially resectable and transplantable (R&T) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, to try to obviate upfront LT, with the 'safety net' of SLT in case of post-resection recurrence. The SLT strategy is successful or curative when patients are recurrence-free following primary resection alone, or after SLT for recurrence. The aim of the current study was to determine the SLT strategy's potential for cure in R&T HCC patients, and to identify predictors for its success...
August 14, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738826/association-of-adult-tobacco-use-with-household-food-access-insecurity-results-from-nepal-demographic-and-health-survey-2011
#20
Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, N Ramakrishnareddy
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is a very common problem in developing countries particularly among the poorer households. Very few studies have tested the association between adult smoking and food insecurity. METHODS: We analysed the data from a nationally representative sample of 10,826 households in which women and men (in a sub sample of 4121 households) aged 15-49 years were interviewed in Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Data from households in which both men and women were interviewed were analysed for association of household food insecurity access score (HFIAS), with tobacco use among men and women, socio-demographic and spatial factors...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
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