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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231380/perioperative-medications-for-preventing-temporarily-increased-intraocular-pressure-after-laser-trabeculoplasty
#1
REVIEW
Linda Zhang, Jennifer S Weizer, David C Musch
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is the international leading cause of irreversible blindness. Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only currently known modifiable risk factor; it can be reduced by medications, incisional surgery, or laser trabeculoplasty (LTP). LTP reduces IOP by 25% to 30% from baseline, but early acute IOP elevation after LTP is a common adverse effect. Most of these IOP elevations are transient, but temporarily elevated IOP may cause further optic nerve damage, worsening of glaucoma requiring additional therapy, and permanent vision loss...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221190/pulmonary-perfusion-changes-following-single-lung-transplantation
#2
Joby Tsai, Steven P Rowe, Lilja B Solnes, Roberto A Salas Fragomeni
Following single-lung transplantation (SLT), there is significant redistribution of flow preferentially to the transplanted lung. Altered lung perfusion leads to unusual results when performing pulmonary scintigraphy, which could result in interpretation errors. We present pulmonary scintigraphy images from a 67-year-old female patient with history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that were obtained before SLT, 10 days after SLT, and 3 months after SLT.
February 17, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188403/-stereotactic-laser-thermocoagulation-in-epilepsy-surgery
#3
C Hoppe, J-A Witt, C Helmstaedter, T Gasser, H Vatter, C E Elger
In common with other stereotactic procedures, stereotactic laser thermocoagulation (SLT) promises gentle destruction of pathological tissue, which might become especially relevant for epilepsy surgery in the future. Compared to standard resection, no large craniotomy is necessary, cortical damage during access to deep-seated lesions can be avoided and interventions close to eloquent brain areas become possible. We describe the history and rationale of laser neurosurgery as well as the two available SLT systems (Visualase® and NeuroBlate®; CE marks pending)...
February 10, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178150/the-effects-of-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-and-travoprost-on-circadian-intraocular-pressure-fluctuations-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Weerawat Kiddee, Supreeya Atthavuttisilp
BACKGROUND: To compare the effect of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) and travoprost on 24-hour IOP fluctuations in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). METHODS: Sixty eyes were included. Sixteen and 14 eyes of POAG patients were randomized to receive 360° SLT or 0.004% travoprost, respectively. Fourteen and 16 eyes of NTG patients were randomized to receive either SLT or travoprost, respectively. The 24-hour IOP data were collected before treatment and 6 to 8 weeks after treatment...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168045/transient-peripapillary-retinoschisis-in-glaucomatous-eyes
#5
Josine van der Schoot, Koenraad A Vermeer, Hans G Lemij
Purpose. To investigate transient focal microcystic retinoschisis in glaucomatous eyes in images obtained with several imaging techniques used in daily glaucoma care. Methods. Images of 117 glaucoma patients and 91 healthy subjects participating in a large prospective follow-up study into glaucoma imaging were reviewed. Participants were measured with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), scanning laser polarimetry (SLP), scanning laser tomography (SLT), and standard automated perimetry (SAP)...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165214/tape-casting-of-high-performance-low-temperature-solid-oxide-cells-with-thin-la0-8sr0-2ga0-8mg0-2o3-%C3%AE-electrolytes-and-impregnated-nano-anodes
#6
Zhan Gao, Hongqian Wang, Elizabeth Miller, Qinyuan Liu, Daniel Senn, Scott Barnett
Low-temperature solid oxide cells (LT-SOCs), operating at 400 to 650 °C, have great potential for commercialization since they can provide lower cost and improved long-term durability. Low operating temperature can also enable high round-trip efficiency of SOCs as reversible energy storage devices. This paper describes Sr0.8La0.2TiO3-α (SLT) anode supported LT-SOC with thin La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-δ (LSGM) electrolyte made by tape casting, with screen printed La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Co0.2O3-δ (LSCF) cathode and impregnated Ni anode...
February 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160661/measuring-youth-beliefs-about-the-harms-of-e-cigarettes-and-smokeless-tobacco-compared-to-cigarettes
#7
Alexander Persoskie, Erin Keely O'Brien, Anh B Nguyen, Cindy Tworek
This study examined validity of direct and indirect measures of perceived harm of e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco (SLT) compared to cigarettes. On direct measures, people compare one product to another, whereas on indirect measures, people rate each product separately and the researcher compares these ratings. Data from youth in Wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study (2013-2014) were analyzed (N=13,651 youth aged 12-17years). The study included direct measures of perceived harm of e-cigarettes and SLT compared to cigarettes, and indirect measures were created by comparing ratings of the products...
January 26, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139066/effect-of-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-on-ocular-haemodynamics-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#8
Karin R Pillunat, Eberhard Spoerl, Naim Terai, Lutz E Pillunat
PURPOSE: Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) is known to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) effectively. The aim of this study, however, was to evaluate the effect of SLT on ocular haemodynamics. METHODS: A total of 69 eyes of 69 patients (age 67.8 ± 9.9 years) with already treated primary open-angle glaucoma who were assigned for SLT for further IOP reduction were consecutively enrolled in this prospective interventional case series. Intraocular pressure, the ocular pulse amplitude (OPA), ocular pulse volume (OPV) and pulsatile ocular blood flow (pOBF) were assessed with the Ocular Blood Flow Analyzer prior to and 3 months after SLT...
January 31, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138214/racial-differences-in-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-efficacy
#9
Emil Goosen, Kate Coleman, Linda Visser, William E Sponsel
AIM: Sub-Saharan Africa has a population of 1 billion, with one ophthalmologist per million people. Basic ophthalmic support services are virtually absent for all but a few urban populations. Minimally invasive laser treatment may help. This study reports our initial experience using selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in a mixed-racial population of adult glaucoma patients in Durban, South Africa. STUDY DESIGN: Institution Review Board approved the 5-year chart review...
January 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122830/prevalence-pattern-and-sociodemographic-differentials-in-smokeless-tobacco-consumption-in-bangladesh-evidence-from-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-chakaria
#10
Mohammad Nahid Mia, S M A Hanifi, M Shafiqur Rahman, Amena Sultana, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: The health hazards associated with the use of smokeless tobacco (SLT) are similar to those of smoking. However, unlike smoking, limited initiatives have been taken to control the use of SLT, despite its widespread use in South and Southeast Asian countries including Bangladesh. It is therefore important to examine the prevalence of SLT use and its social determinants for designing appropriate strategies and programmes to control its use. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of SLT in terms of prevalence, pattern and sociodemographic differentials in a rural area of Bangladesh...
January 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079655/microarchitecture-of-schlemm-canal-before-and-after-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-in-enhanced-depth-imaging-optical-coherence-tomography
#11
Alon Skaat, Michael S Rosman, Jason L Chien, Mark P Ghassibi, Jeffrey M Liebmann, Robert Ritch, Sung Chul Park
PURPOSE: To characterize the in vivo effect of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) on the Schlemm canal (SC) in eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one serial horizontal enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomograph B-scans (interval between B-scans, ∼35 μm) of the nasal corneoscleral limbus were obtained before and 4 weeks after SLT. Fifty B-scans in the overlapping regions before and after SLT were selected for analysis based on the structures of aqueous and blood vessels as landmarks...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076575/selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-as-an-initial-treatment-option-for-open-angle-glaucoma
#12
Ana Lúcia Freitas, Michele Ushida, Izabela Almeida, Diego T Dias, Syril Dorairaj, Fábio Nishimura Kanadani, Tiago Santos Prata
Although eye drops are frequently used as an initial treatment option for open angle glaucoma (OAG), side effects, and poor adherence, among others, may compromise treatment efficacy. In this scenario, laser trabeculoplasty is an interesting therapeutic option for open angle glaucoma cases. Commonly used for many years as a last alternative prior to glaucoma incisional surgery, laser trabeculoplasty has been changing its indication after the advent of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT). In the current review, we critically evaluated the published data regarding the use of laser trabeculoplasty as a first treatment option for open angle glaucoma patients...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073035/criterion-validity-of-measures-of-perceived-relative-harm-of-e-cigarettes-and-smokeless-tobacco-compared-to-cigarettes
#13
Alexander Persoskie, Anh B Nguyen, Annette R Kaufman, Cindy Tworek
Beliefs about the relative harmfulness of one product compared to another (perceived relative harm) are central to research and regulation concerning tobacco and nicotine-containing products, but techniques for measuring such beliefs vary widely. We compared the validity of direct and indirect measures of perceived harm of e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco (SLT) compared to cigarettes. On direct measures, participants explicitly compare the harmfulness of each product. On indirect measures, participants rate the harmfulness of each product separately, and ratings are compared...
April 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067784/sailuotong-prevents-hydrogen-peroxide-h%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-induced-injury-in-ea-hy926-cells
#14
Sai Wang Seto, Dennis Chang, Wai Man Ko, Xian Zhou, Hosen Kiat, Alan Bensoussan, Simon M Y Lee, Maggie P M Hoi, Genevieve Z Steiner, Jianxun Liu
Sailuotong (SLT) is a standardised three-herb formulation consisting of Panax ginseng, Ginkgo biloba, and Crocus sativus designed for the management of vascular dementia. While the latest clinical trials have demonstrated beneficial effects of SLT in vascular dementia, the underlying cellular mechanisms have not been fully explored. The aim of this study was to assess the ability and mechanisms of SLT to act against hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂)-induced oxidative damage in cultured human vascular endothelial cells (EAhy926)...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040851/impact-of-laser-pulse-duration-on-the-reduction-of-intraocular-pressure-during-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty
#15
Spela Stunf Pukl, Brigita Drnovšek-Olup
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) to lower intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), normal tension glaucoma (NTG) or ocular hypertension (OHT), when performed with laser pulse duration of 1 ns compared with standard 3-5 ns. METHODS: Bilateral SLT with a 532 nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser was conducted in 30 patients (60 eyes) with POAG (n = 5), NTG (n = 2) or OHT (n = 23)...
December 31, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032402/a-systematic-scoping-review-of-speech-and-language-therapists-public-health-practice-for-early-language-development
#16
REVIEW
Clare Smith, Emma Williams, Karen Bryan
BACKGROUND: There have been calls for speech and language therapists (SLTs) to work within a public-health framework to support language development. Innovative practice is reported, but the range of services remains unknown. Furthermore, the potential impact of public health practice in speech and language therapy on early child development is also currently unknown. A new method in SLT research, systematic scoping reviews enable greater breadth of focus than traditional systematic reviews when identifying innovative practice...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995697/language-development-delay-and-intervention-the-views-of-parents-from-communities-that-speech-and-language-therapy-managers-in-england-consider-to-be-under-served
#17
Julie Marshall, Sam Harding, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice includes research evidence, clinical expertise and stakeholder perspectives. Stakeholder perspectives are important and include parental ethno-theories, which embrace views about many aspects of speech, language and communication, language development, and interventions. The Developmental Niche Framework provides a useful theory to understand parental beliefs. Ethnotheories, including those about language development, delay and interventions, may vary cross culturally and are less well understood in relation to families who may be considered 'under-served' or 'hard-to-reach' by speech and language therapy services...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990376/management-of-glaucoma-in-pregnancy-risks-or-choices-a-dilemma
#18
REVIEW
Harinder Singh Sethi, Mayuresh Naik, Vishnu Swarup Gupta
The treatment of glaucoma in and around pregnancy offers the unique challenge of balancing the risk of vision loss to the mother as against the potential harm to the fetus or newborn. Most anti-glaucoma drugs (i.e. beta-blockers, prostaglandin analogues, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors topical and systemic, cholinergics, anticholinesterases, and apraclonidine) are considered category C agents and ophthalmologists are usually limited to treating patients with the category B drugs of brimonidine and dipivefrin...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979366/does-the-saline-load-test-still-have-a-role-in-the-orthopaedic-world-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Benjamin B Browning, Anthony V Ventimiglia, Anant Dixit, Emmanuel Illical, William P Urban, Julio J Jauregui
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy of Saline load tests (SLTs) to evaluate extension of periarticular wounds into capsule in emergent settings. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature to evaluate the accuracy of the SLT in diagnosing penetrating joint injuries in the elbow, wrist, shoulder, knee, or ankle. RESULTS: The SLT values to determine knee arthrotomies vary from 73.8 mL to 194 mL with sensitivities ranging between 91% and 99% depending on the size of the laceration...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977476/24-hour-intraocular-pressure-rhythm-in-patients-with-untreated-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-and-effects-of-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty
#20
Florent Aptel, Cécile Musson, Thierry Zhou, Antoine Lesoin, Christophe Chiquet
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the 24-hour nyctohemeral rhythm of intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with untreated primary open angle glaucoma using a contact lens sensor. To evaluate the effect of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) on the 24-hour rhythm of IOP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective study conducted in a chronobiology center. Fourteen patients with primary open angle glaucoma underwent three 24-hour IOP measurement sessions after a complete wash-out of the medical treatment: before SLT and 1 and 6 months after, using the contact lens sensor Triggerfish (SENSIMED, Lausanne, Switzerland)...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
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