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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144580/higher-retransplantation-rate-following-extended-right-split-liver-transplantation-an-analysis-from-the-eurotransplant-liver-follow-up-registry
#1
J Andrassy, S Wolf, M Lauseker, M Angele, M D van Rosmalen, U Samuel, X Rogiers, J Werner, M Guba
Split liver transplantation (SLT) has been perceived as an important strategy to increase the supply of liver grafts by creating 2 transplants from 1 allograft. The Eurotransplant allocation system (ELAS) envisages that the ERLs after splitting (usually in the pediatric center) are almost exclusively shipped to a second center. Whether the ELAS policy impacts the graft and patient survival of ERLT in comparison to WLT recipients remains unclear. Data on all LTs performed between 2007 and 2013 were retrieved from the ET Liver follow-up Registry (n=5351)...
November 16, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126271/examining-the-transitions-between-cigarette-and-smokeless-tobacco-product-use-in-the-united-states-using-the-2002-2003-and-2010-2011-longitudinal-cohorts
#2
Joanne T Chang, David T Levy, Rafael Meza
Introduction: Smokeless tobacco (SLT) use in the US has remained constant or even increased slightly in recent years, while smoking has continuously decreased. Characterization of transitions between tobacco products is critical to understand the reasons behind the continuing use of smokeless tobacco. Methods: Two longitudinal cohorts of Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS), 2002-2003 (n=14,996) and 2010-2011 (n=18,226) were used to examine transitions between cigarette and SLT use over one-year periods...
November 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070627/tdcs-over-the-motor-cortex-improves-lexical-retrieval-of-action-words-in-post-stroke-aphasia
#3
Meret Branscheidt, Julia Hoppe, Pienie Zwitserlood, Gianpiero Liuzzi
One-third of stroke survivors worldwide suffer from aphasia. Speech and language therapy (SLT) is considered effective in treating aphasia, but due to time constraints, improvements are often limited. Non-invasive brain stimulation is a promising adjuvant strategy to facilitate SLT. However, stroke might render "classical" language regions ineffective as stimulation sites. Recent work showed the effectiveness of motor-cortex stimulation together with intensive naming therapy to improve outcomes in aphasia (Meinzer et al...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059425/snus-and-snuff-use-in-switzerland-among-young-men-are-there-beneficial-effects-on-smoking
#4
Gerhard Gmel, Carole Clair, Ansgar Rougemont-Bücking, Véronique S Grazioli, Jean-Bernard Daeppen, Meichun Mohler-Kuo, Joseph Studer
Introduction: There are few recent longitudinal studies on smokeless tobacco products (SLT) and smoking outside the United States or European Nordic countries. The present longitudinal study tests whether Swedish type snus and nasal snuff use decreases smoking incidence and prevalence in a central European country. Methods: The sample consisted of 5,198 Swiss men (around 20 years of age). Retention rate was 91.5% over 15 months. Regression models, adjusting for a variety of psychosocial, smoking-related, and other risk factors, assessed whether no, low (<weekly) and high (weekly+) use baseline groups showed changes or maintenance in snus and snuff use related to smoking initiation, cessation, and reduction...
September 27, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030797/corneal-endothelial-changes-following-a-single-session-of-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-for-pseudoexfoliative-glaucoma
#5
Nurgül Örnek, Kemal Örnek
PURPOSE: To evaluate corneal endothelial cell parameters after a single session of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PEG) patients. METHODS: Corneal endothelial cell parameters of 18 PEG patients were compared with 18 healthy subjects following SLT treatment. All patients underwent SLT treatment to 180 degrees of inferior trabecular meshwork. Corneal measurements were performed using specular microscopy (Noncon Robo SP8000, Konan Medical, Hyogo, Japan)...
October 13, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020532/trends-in-point-of-sale-tobacco-marketing-around-college-campuses-opportunities-for-enhanced-tobacco-control-efforts
#6
Kimberly G Wagoner, Erin L Sutfin, Eunyoung Song, Jessica L King, Kathleen L Egan, Beth Reboussin, Beata Debinski, John Spangler, Mark Wolfson
OBJECTIVE: Colleges have implemented policies to limit tobacco use on-campus; however, the off-campus environment is often overlooked in tobacco control efforts. We assessed availability, marketing, and promotion of cigarettes, snus, and traditional smokeless tobacco (SLT) in a sample of communities surrounding 11 college campuses in North Carolina and Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Between January-March of 2011, 2012 and 2013, 481 tobacco-selling retailers, including convenience stores, pharmacies and supermarkets, located near campuses were assessed...
October 11, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994647/factors-influencing-the-initiation-of-smokeless-tobacco-consumption-among-low-socioeconomic-community-in-bangladesh-a-qualitative-investigation
#7
Md Shahjahan, Md Golam Dostogir Harun, A B M Alauddin Chowdhury, Kapil Ahmed, Hafiz T A Khan
This study explored factors influencing the initiation of smokeless tobacco (SLT) consumption in a low socioeconomic urban community in Bangladesh. The study conducted four focus group discussions among 33 informants involves school teachers, community leaders, women, and betel-nut shops owners. The results were prepared by thematic analysis of the transcripts where informants mean age was 30 ( SD ± 6.8) years with varying level of education. Tradition of hospitality, curiosity, offer from an elderly person, and avoiding nausea during pregnancy and at time of quitting smoking were key factors for the initiation of SLT consumption...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982956/the-laser-in-glaucoma-and-ocular-hypertension-light-trial-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-baseline-patient-characteristics
#8
Evgenia Konstantakopoulou, Gus Gazzard, Victoria Vickerstaff, Yuzhen Jiang, Neil Nathwani, Rachael Hunter, Gareth Ambler, Catey Bunce
PURPOSE: The laser in glaucoma and ocular hypertension (LiGHT) trial aims to establish whether initial treatment with selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) is superior to initial treatment with topical medication for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT). DESIGN: LiGHT is a prospective unmasked, multicentre, pragmatic, randomised controlled trial (RCT). PARTICIPANTS: 718 previously untreated patients with POAG or OHT were recruited at 6 UK centres between 2012 and 2014...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962966/west-indies-glaucoma-laser-study-wigls-1-12-month-efficacy-of-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-in-afro-caribbeans-with-glaucoma
#9
Tony Realini, Hazel Shillingford-Ricketts, Darra Burt, Goundappa K Balasubramani
PURPOSE: To characterize the 12-month intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) as sole therapy for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in an Afro-Caribbean population. DESIGN: Stepped-wedge trial. METHODS: Subjects in St. Lucia and Dominica with established POAG were randomized to prompt washout of IOP-lowering medications followed by SLT, 3-month delay followed by washout and SLT, or 6-month delay followed by washout and SLT...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945503/between-traditions-and-health-beliefs-and-perceptions-of-health-effects-of-smokeless-tobacco-among-selected-users-in-nigeria
#10
Michael Adewole Adedigba, Joshua -Aransiola, Regina I Arobieke, Olufemi Adewole, Temitope Oyelami
OBJECTIVES: Snuffing or licking of smokeless tobacco (SLT) is one of the oldest traditional practices among the African population. This study aims to investigate the beliefs and practices related to SLT use among users in Nigeria. We also assess the awareness of the health consequences of SLT among users. METHODS: A qualitative technique involving an in-depth interview was employed to collect data from SLT users from selected indigenous Nigerian populations in their traditional settings (Saki, Ile-Ife, Ibadan, and Abuja)...
September 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937606/a-novel-nanocomposite-as-an-efficient-adsorbent-for-the-rapid-adsorption-of-ni-ii-from-aqueous-solution
#11
Xiaotao Zhang, Ximing Wang, Zhangjing Chen
A sulfhydryl-lignocellulose/montmorillonite (SLT) nanocomposite was prepared using a chemical intercalation reaction. The SLT nanocomposite was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), the results demonstrated that an intercalated-exfoliated nanostructure was formed in the SLT nanocomposite. Batch experiments were conducted to optimize parameters such as SLT nanocomposite dosage, the initial concentration of Ni(II), solution pH, temperature, and time...
September 22, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931428/personalized-predictive-modeling-for-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-using-an-extension-of-sullivan-s-life-table-model
#12
Eric Stallard, Bruce Kinosian, Yaakov Stern
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression varies substantially among patients, hindering calculation of residual total life expectancy (TLE) and its decomposition into disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) and disabled life expectancy (DLE) for individual patients with AD. The objective of the present study was to assess the accuracy of a new synthesis of Sullivan's life table (SLT) and longitudinal Grade of Membership (L-GoM) models that estimates individualized TLEs, DFLEs, and DLEs for patients with AD...
September 20, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931298/-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-implication-for-medicament-glaucoma-treatment-interruption-in-pregnant-and-breastfeeding-women
#13
P Výborný, S Sičáková, Z Flórová, I Sováková
During the period of the last six years (2010-2016), the authors performed Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) in 32 women (64 eyes); pregnant women patients with primary open angle glaucoma were referred to the Department of Ophthalmology, First Medical Faculty, Charles University, and Central Military Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic, European Union, to perform this procedure with the goal to interrupt their antiglaucomatic treatment by means of eye drops during the pregnancy and the breastfeeding period...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928314/smokeless-tobacco-and-public-health-in-bangladesh
#14
REVIEW
Rumana Huque, M Mostafa Zaman, Syed Mahfuzul Huq, Dhirendra N Sinha
Despite the high prevalence of smokeless tobacco (SLT) use among adults in Bangladesh, SLT was not included in the Tobacco Control Law till 2013. Information on SLT use among Bangladeshi people is inadequate for policymaking and implementing effective control measures. With the aim to identify the prevalence and trends of different SLT products, health and economic impacts, manufacture, and sale of and policies related to SLT in Bangladesh, we carried out a literature review, which involved literature search, data extraction, and synthesis...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904232/effects-of-high-versus-moderate-intensity-training-on-neuroplasticity-and-functional-recovery-after-focal-ischemia
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Caroline Pin-Barre, Annabelle Constans, Jeanick Brisswalter, Christophe Pellegrino, Jérôme Laurin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIT) and moderate-intensity aerobic training (MOD) on functional recovery and cerebral plasticity during the first 2 weeks after cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Rats were randomized as follows: control (n=15), SHAM (n=9), middle cerebral artery occlusion (n=13), middle cerebral artery occlusion at day 1 (n=7), MOD (n=13), and HIT (n=13). Incremental tests were performed at day 1 (D1) and 14 (D14) to identify the running speed associated with the lactate threshold (SLT) and the maximal speed (Smax)...
October 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903966/laser-in-glaucoma-and-ocular-hypertension-light-trial-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-design-and-methodology
#16
Gus Gazzard, Evgenia Konstantakopoulou, David Garway-Heath, Keith Barton, Richard Wormald, Stephen Morris, Rachael Hunter, Gary Rubin, Marta Buszewicz, Gareth Ambler, Catey Bunce
PURPOSE: The Laser in Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension (LiGHT) Trial aims to establish whether initial treatment with selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) is superior to initial treatment with topical medication for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT). DESIGN: The LiGHT Trial is a prospective, unmasked, multicentre, pragmatic, randomised controlled trial. 718 previously untreated patients with POAG or OHT were recruited at six collaborating centres in the UK between 2012 and 2014...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890407/treatment-for-intrahepatic-recurrence-after-curative-resection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-salvage-liver-transplantation-or-re-resection-radiofrequency-ablation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Xiaoyun Zhang, Chuan Li, Tianfu Wen, Wei Peng, Lunan Yan, Jiayin Yang
OBJECTIVE: The optimal treatment strategy for patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. This study was designed to investigate the outcomes of salvage liver transplantation (SLT) and re-resection (RR)/radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with respect to the time to recurrence after initial curative resection. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2016, 756 patients underwent curative hepatectomy for HCC in accordance with the Milan criteria. Among them, 152 experienced an intrahepatic recurrence and underwent SLT (n = 36) and RR/RFA (n = 116)...
October 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886123/increased-medial-olivocochlear-reflex-strength-in-normal-hearing-noise-exposed-humans
#18
Ishan Bhatt
Research suggests that college-aged adults are vulnerable to tinnitus and hearing loss due to exposure to traumatic levels of noise on a regular basis. Recent human studies have associated exposure to high noise exposure background (NEB, i.e., routine noise exposure) with the reduced cochlear output and impaired speech processing ability in subjects with clinically normal hearing sensitivity. While the relationship between NEB and the functions of the auditory afferent neurons are studied in the literature, little is known about the effects of NEB on functioning of the auditory efferent system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870554/effectiveness-of-speech-language-therapy-either-alone-or-with-add-on-computer-based-language-therapy-software-malayalam-version-for-early-post-stroke-aphasia-a-feasibility-study
#19
Praveen Kesav, S L Vrinda, Sajith Sukumaran, P S Sarma, P N Sylaja
CONTEXT AND AIMS: This study aimed to assess the feasibility of professional based conventional speech language therapy (SLT) either alone (Group A/less intensive) or assisted by novel computer based local language software (Group B/more intensive) for rehabilitation in early post stroke aphasia. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Comprehensive Stroke Care Center of a tertiary health care institute situated in South India, with the study design being prospective open randomised controlled trial with blinded endpoint evaluation...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866829/an-investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-swallowing-difficulties-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-lung-cancer
#20
Grainne C Brady, Justin W G Roe, Mary O' Brien, Annette Boaz, Clare Shaw
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia can occur in advanced lung cancer due to direct tumour invasion or nerve compression. Anti-cancer treatments and co-morbid conditions may also cause or compound dysphagic symptoms. Speech and language therapy (SLT), medical and surgical interventions are available to address dysphagic symptoms in patients with lung cancer, however, management options are not described in national guidelines. Given the potentially short prognoses for patients with lung cancer, the aim of care should be to reduce symptom burden and maximise quality of life (QOL)...
September 2, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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