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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790998/association-of-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-oral-cancer-a-systematic-global-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Smita Asthana, Satyanarayana Labani, Uma Kailash, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
Introduction: Smokeless tobacco products have been linked to precancerous and cancers of oral cavity for long. Evidence was available on the association between smokeless tobacco (SLT) products and oral cancers at regional but not at global level. Present meta-analysis is aimed to evaluate the risk of oral cancer with the use of SLT products among "ever" versus "never" users. Method: Studies published for the period (1960-2016) are retrieved using Pubmed, Indmed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar search engines for the subject "ever" versus "never" users of SLT products and estimated the risk association with oral cancer...
May 22, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790243/identifying-language-impairment-in-bilingual-children-in-france-and-in-germany
#2
Laurice Tuller, Cornelia Hamann, Solveig Chilla, Sandrine Ferré, Eléonore Morin, Philippe Prevost, Christophe Dos Santos, Lina Abed Ibrahim, Racha Zebib
BACKGROUND: The detection of specific language impairment (SLI) in children growing up bilingually presents particular challenges for clinicians. Non-word repetition (NWR) and sentence repetition (SR) tasks have proven to be the most accurate diagnostic tools for monolingual populations, raising the question of the extent of their usefulness in different bilingual populations. AIMS: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of NWR and SR tasks that incorporate phonological/syntactic complexity as discussed in recent linguistic theory...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790209/subclinical-leaflet-thrombosis-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#3
Somsupha Kanjanauthai, Luigi Pirelli, Nikhil Nalluri, Chad A Kliger
Since the inception of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), there have been significant reductions in complications due to improvements of transcatheter heart valve (THV) designs and technologies. Given expanding TAVR applications, reducing complications further and better understanding THV durability has become a focus within the structural heart space. Recently, dedicated cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CTA) performed at 1 month post-TAVR has identified subclinical leaflet thrombosis (SLT), with rates as high as 40%...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780908/rare-corneal-complication-following-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty
#4
Sarah Dougherty Wood, Angela Elam, Sayoko Moroi
Purpose: This case report describes two glaucoma patients who underwent selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) and developed a rare post-procedure corneal complication and subsequent permanent corneal distortions and reduced acuity. Observations: Both patients experienced early post-procedure corneal edema, reduced visual acuity, and pain. Each patient was treated with topical steroids with resolution of the edema, but each patient had irregular corneal astigmatism which was not present pre-operatively and did not resolve...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755474/exercise-increases-insulin-sensitivity-and-skeletal-muscle-ampk-expression-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Fabiana B Benatti, Cíntia N H Miyake, Wagner S Dantas, Vanessa O Zambelli, Samuel K Shinjo, Rosa M R Pereira, Maria Elizabeth R Silva, Ana Lúcia Sá-Pinto, Eduardo Borba, Eloisa Bonfá, Bruno Gualano
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients may show increased insulin resistance (IR) when compared with their healthy peers. Exercise training has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity in other insulin-resistant populations, but it has never been tested in SLE. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of a moderate-intensity exercise training program on insulin sensitivity and potential underlying mechanisms in SLE patients with mild/inactive disease. A 12-week, randomized controlled trial was conducted...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747216/survival-outcomes-in-split-compared-to-whole-liver-transplantation
#6
Kyung Chul Yoon, Sanghee Song, Eun-Kyoung Jwa, Sanghoon Lee, Jong Man Kim, Ok-Kyoung Kim, Suk Kyun Hong, Nam-Joon Yi, Kwang-Woong Lee, Myoung Soo Kim, Shin Hwang, Kyung-Suk Suh, Suk-Koo Lee
Split liver transplantation (SLT) should be cautiously considered because the right tri-sectional (RTS) graft can be a marginal graft in adult recipients. Herein, we analyzed the outcomes of RTS-SLT in Korea, where > 75% of adult liver transplantations are performed by living donor liver transplantation. Among 2,462 patients who underwent deceased donor liver transplantations (DDLT) from 2005 to 2014, we retrospectively reviewed 86 adult patients (3.4%) who received a RTS graft (RTS-SLT group). The outcomes of the RTS-SLT group were compared to those of 303 recipients of whole liver (WL-DDLT group)...
May 10, 2018: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731072/changing-paradigm-in-the-surgical-management-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-salvage-transplantation
#7
K W Ma, A C Y Chan, B W H She, K S H Chok, T T Cheung, J W C Dai, J Y Y Fung, C M Lo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of primary and salvage liver transplantation for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHOD: This was a 10-year retrospective analysis in a tertiary referral center. RESULTS: There were 184 patients recruited (primary liver transplantation [pLT]:salvage liver transplantation [sLT], 143:41). The median follow-up time was 79 months. Operation time was shorter in the pLT group than the sLT group (661 ± 164 minutes vs 754 ± 206 minutes; P = ...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722253/running-economy-and-energy-cost-of-running-with-backpacks
#8
Volker Scheer, Leoni Cramer, Hans-Christian Heitkamp
BACKGROUND: Running is a popular recreational activity and additional weight is often carried in backpacks on longer runs. Our aim was to examine running economy and other physiological parameters while running with a 1kg and 3 kg backpack at different submaximal running velocities. METHODS: 10 male recreational runners (age 25 ± 4.2 years, VO2peak 60.5 ± 3.1 ml·kg-1·min-1) performed runs on a motorized treadmill of 5 minutes durations at three different submaximal speeds of 70, 80 and 90% of anaerobic lactate threshold (LT) without additional weight, and carrying a 1kg and 3 kg backpack...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697501/preregistration-research-training-of-speech-and-language-therapists-in-the-united-kingdom-a-nationwide-audit-of-quantity-content-and-delivery
#9
Emma Pagnamenta, Victoria L Joffe
AIM: To carry out an audit of the quantity and content of research teaching on UK preregistration speech and language therapy (SLT) degree programmes. METHOD: Lecturers delivering research teaching from each higher education institution providing preregistration training were invited to complete an online survey. QUESTIONS INCLUDED: Amount of research teaching, content of research teaching (including final-year projects), perceived confidence by staff of graduates in research awareness, research activity and leading research...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696726/evidence-based-pathways-to-intervention-for-children-with-language-disorders
#10
Susan H Ebbels, Elspeth McCartney, Vicky Slonims, Julie E Dockrell, Courtenay Frazier Norbury
BACKGROUND: Paediatric speech and language therapist (SLT) roles often involve planning individualized intervention for specific children, working collaboratively with families and education staff, providing advice, training and coaching and raising awareness. A tiered approach to service delivery is currently recommended whereby services become increasingly specialized and individualized for children with greater needs. AIMS: To stimulate discussion regarding delivery of SLT services by examining evidence regarding the effectiveness of (1) intervention for children with language disorders at different tiers and (2) SLT roles within these tiers; and to propose an evidence-based model of SLT service delivery and a flowchart to aid clinical decision-making...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653256/impact-of-presence-of-children-on-indoor-tobacco-restrictions-in-households-of-urban-and-rural-adult-tobacco-users
#11
Benjamin T Kopp, Alice Hinton, Rong Lu, Sarah Cooper, Haikady Nagaraja, Mary Ellen Wewers
OBJECTIVES: Secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) in children is changing due to new public policy and electronic nicotine products (e-cigarettes). We examined factors related to self-imposed indoor household tobacco restrictions, with emphasis on children in the household and associations with combustible and non-combustible product use. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of urban and rural Ohio adult tobacco users classified participants as exclusive combustible users, smokeless tobacco (SLT) users, e-cigarette users, or dual users...
April 10, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650412/theoretical-considerations-for-muscle-energy-savings-during-distance-running
#12
Jared R Fletcher, Brian R MacIntosh
We have recently demonstrated that the triceps surae muscles energy cost (ECTS ) represents a substantial portion of the total metabolic cost of running (Erun ). Therefore, it seems relevant to evaluate the factors which dictate ECTS , namely the amount and velocity of shortening, since it is likely these factors will dictate Erun . Erun and triceps surae morphological and AT mechanical properties were obtained in 46 trained and elite male and female distance runners using ultrasonography and dynamometry. ECTS (J·stride-1 ) at the speed of lactate threshold (sLT) was estimated from AT force and crossbridge mechanics and energetics...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644538/a-review-of-the-clinical-usefulness-of-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-in-exfoliative-glaucoma
#13
REVIEW
Andreas Katsanos, Anastasios G Konstas, Dimitrios G Mikropoulos, Luciano Quaranta, Irini C Voudouragkaki, Georgios P Athanasopoulos, Ioannis Asproudis, Miguel A Teus
In the last decade, selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) has been commonly used in the management of several different types of glaucoma, as either primary or adjunct therapy. The technique has an excellent safety profile and is at least as effective as argon laser trabeculoplasty. Although the actual mechanism of action of SLT remains unclear, evidence has shown that it does not induce morphologically evident trabecular meshwork alterations. SLT's non-disruptive mode of action offers the advantage of repeatability...
April 11, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618696/subclinical-leaflet-thrombosis-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-detected-by-multidetector-computed-tomography-a-review-of-current-evidence
#14
Hashrul N Rashid, Adam J Brown, Liam M McCormick, Ameera S Amiruddin, Kim K Be, James D Cameron, Arthur Nasis, Robert P Gooley
Subclinical leaflet thrombosis (SLT) following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has been increasingly recognized. SLT has the hallmark features of hypo-attenuated leaflet thickening (HALT) on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), which may result in hypoattenuation affecting motion (HAM). The actual prevalence of this condition is uncertain, with limited observational registries. SLT has caught the attention of the cardiovascular community because of concerns regarding its clinical sequelae, specifically the potential increased incidence of cerebrovascular events...
April 4, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614478/investigations-of-water-extractability-of-as-in-excavated-urban-soils-using-sequential-leaching-tests-effect-of-testing-parameters
#15
Jining Li, Tomoya Kosugi, Shohei Riya, Yohey Hashimoto, Hong Hou, Akihiko Terada, Masaaki Hosomi
Excavated soils with low-level As contamination obtained from construction projects during city development have been of great concern in Japan. Water-extractable As represents the most easily mobilized and ecotoxicologically relevant fraction in the soil environment. In the present study, the water-extractability of As in excavated alkaline urban soils was assessed using sequential leaching tests (SLTs) with a focus on the effects of test parameters. In addition, the potentially water-leachable As over an extremely long period was assessed using the pollution potential leaching index (PPLI), from which one can estimate the number of extractions required to reduce the As in the cumulative leachates to below the Japanese environmental standard (10 μg L-1 )...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610084/multiline-transmit-beamforming-combined-with-adaptive-apodization
#16
Grigoriy Zurakhov, Ling Tong, Alessandro Ramalli, Piero Tortoli, Jan D'hooge, Zvi Friedman, Dan Adam
Increased frame rate is of high importance to cardiac diagnostic imaging as it enables examination of fast events during the cardiac cycle and improved quantitative analysis, such as speckle tracking. Multiline transmission (MLT) is one of the methods proposed for this purpose. In contrast to the single-line transmission (SLT), where one focused beam is sent in each direction, MLT beams are simultaneously transmitted and focused in several ( ) directions improving the frame rate accordingly. The simultaneous transmission is known to cause crosstalk artifacts due to the interference between the main lobes and the sidelobes of the transmitted and received beams...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606148/telerehabilitation-for-aphasia-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-exploratory-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Hege Prag Øra, Melanie Kirmess, Marian C Brady, Ingvild Elisabeth Winsnes, Silje Merethe Hansen, Frank Becker
BACKGROUND: The Cochrane review on the effectiveness of speech and language therapy for aphasia following stroke suggests intensity of therapy is a key predictor for outcome. Current aphasia services cannot provide intervention at the intensity observed within trial contexts because of resource limitations. Telerehabilitation could widen access to speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in geographically remote contexts and reduce the time spent on travel by the therapist and patient. The current academic literature within this field is in its infancy, with few trials of speech and language therapy (SLT) delivered by videoconference...
April 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589469/assessing-speech-language-and-communication-difficulties-in-children-referred-for-adhd-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-uk-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service
#18
Kelly M Y Chan, Andrew J B Fugard
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood neuropsychiatric disorders and is highly comorbid with speech, language and communication difficulties (SLCDs). However, it is unclear how often SLCDs are identified in ADHD referrals in routine practice and whether there are unidentified SLCDs within this population. METHOD: A thematic analysis was conducted on a random sample of case notes from 18 referrals for ADHD made to a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) in London, United Kingdom...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563691/the-influence-of-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-on-the-success-of-trabeculectomy
#19
Gonen Baser, Hakan Cengiz, Ugur Unsal, Eyyup Karahan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this to investigate whether selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) has any effect on the success of trabeculectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirteen-one eyes of 29 primary open-angle glaucoma patients who underwent SLT before trabeculectomy and 29 eyes of 27 patients with the same inclusion criteria which underwent trabeculectomy without prior SLT in the Sifa University and in the Batigöz Eye Hospital in January 2012 and November 2012 were reviewed...
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546390/comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-tooth-alignment-among-lingual-and-labial-brackets-an-in-vitro-study
#20
Ahmad Alobeid, Tarek El-Bialy, Susanne Reimann, Ludger Keilig, Dirk Cornelius, Andreas Jäger, Christoph Bourauel
Background/objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of tooth alignment with conventional and self-ligating labial and lingual orthodontic bracket systems. Materials/methods: We tested labial brackets (0.022″ slot size) and lingual brackets (0.018″ slot size). The labial brackets were: (i) regular twin brackets (GAC-Twin [Dentsply]), (ii) passive self-ligating brackets including (Damon-Q® [ORMCO]; Ortho classic H4™ [Orthoclassic]; FLI®SL [RMO]), and (iii) active self-ligating brackets (GAC In-Ovation®C [DENTSPLY] and SPEED™[Strite])...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
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