keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ativan

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27035758/alpha-2-agonists-for-sedation-of-mechanically-ventilated-adults-in-intensive-care-units-a-systematic-review
#1
Moira Cruickshank, Lorna Henderson, Graeme MacLennan, Cynthia Fraser, Marion Campbell, Bronagh Blackwood, Anthony Gordon, Miriam Brazzelli
BACKGROUND: Care of critically ill patients in intensive care units (ICUs) often requires potentially invasive or uncomfortable procedures, such as mechanical ventilation (MV). Sedation can alleviate pain and discomfort, provide protection from stressful or harmful events, prevent anxiety and promote sleep. Various sedative agents are available for use in ICUs. In the UK, the most commonly used sedatives are propofol (Diprivan(®), AstraZeneca), benzodiazepines [e.g. midazolam (Hypnovel(®), Roche) and lorazepam (Ativan(®), Pfizer)] and alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonists [e...
March 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26524474/haloperidol-for-the-treatment-of-nausea-and-vomiting-in-palliative-care-patients
#2
REVIEW
Fay Murray-Brown, Saskie Dorman
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms in patients with terminal, incurable illnesses. Both nausea and vomiting can be distressing. Haloperidol is commonly prescribed to relieve these symptoms. This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 2, 2009, of Haloperidol for the treatment of nausea and vomiting in palliative care patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and adverse events associated with the use of haloperidol for the treatment of nausea and vomiting in palliative care patients...
November 2, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26350991/lamotrigine-induced-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-and-uveitis-atypical-cogan-syndrome
#3
Anton M Kolomeyer, Shyam Kodati
PURPOSE: To report a case of lamotrigine-induced tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU)-atypical Cogan syndrome. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 16-year-old boy with traumatic brain injury and seizures presented to the emergency department with facial swelling, rash, and back pain several days after increasing lamotrigine dose secondary to a breakthrough seizure. Creatinine, urine β2 microglobulin, and eosinophils were elevated...
January 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24793078/a-randomized-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-topical-abh-gel-ativan-%C3%A2-benadryl-%C3%A2-haldol-%C3%A2-vs-placebo-in-cancer-patients-with-nausea
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Devon S Fletcher, Patrick J Coyne, Patricia W Dodson, Gwendolyn G Parker, Wen Wan, Thomas J Smith
CONTEXT: The topical gel known as "ABH gel," comprising lorazepam (Ativan(®)), diphenhydramine (Benadryl(®)), and haloperidol (Haldol(®)), is frequently used to treat nausea because of its perceived efficacy, relatively low cost, and ease of use in the home setting. There are limited scientific data on this medication, however. Recent pilot studies showed no absorption of the active ingredients of the gel, prompting further prospective studies into the cause of the perceived efficacy in the clinical setting...
November 2014: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23974188/initial-selection-of-antiemetics-in-end-of-life-care-a-retrospecitve-analysis
#5
Laura Tolen, Jill A McMath, Calvin Alt, Douglas J Weschules, Calvin H Knowlton, Mary Lynn McPherson
The purpose of this study was to compare the relative severity of nausea and vomiting scores before and after initiation of treatnment regimens in end-of-life cancer patients, and secondarily to evaluate the efficacy of a combination antiemetic preparation (ABHR; lorazepam [Ativan], diphenhydramine [Benadryl], haloperidol [Haldol], and metoclopramide [Reglan] in this patient population. A retrospective analysis of antiemetic use was performed through a systematic chart review of patients with an end-of-life diagnosis of lung, pancreatic, or colorectal cancer whose medications were provided through Hospice Pharmacia...
March 2006: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23434175/five-things-physicians-and-patients-should-question-in-hospice-and-palliative-medicine
#6
Daniel Fischberg, Janet Bull, David Casarett, Laura C Hanson, Scott M Klein, Joseph Rotella, Thomas Smith, C Porter Storey, Joan M Teno, Eric Widera
Overuse or misuse of tests and treatments exposes patients to potential harm. The American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation's Choosing Wisely® campaign is a multiyear effort to encourage physician leadership in reducing harmful or inappropriate resource utilization. Via the campaign, medical societies are asked to identify five tests or procedures commonly used in their field, the routine use of which in specific clinical scenarios should be questioned by both physicians and patients based on the evidence that the test or procedure is ineffective or even harmful...
March 2013: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23196404/application-of-behavior-based-ergonomics-therapies-to-improve-quality-of-life-and-reduce-medication-usage-for-alzheimer-s-dementia-residents
#7
Corinne Mowrey, Pratik J Parikh, Govind Bharwani, Meena Bharwani
Behavior-based ergonomics therapy (BBET) has been proposed in the past as a viable individualized non-pharmacological intervention to manage challenging behaviors and promote engagement among long-term care residents diagnosed with Alzheimer's/dementia. We evaluate the effect of BBET on quality of life and behavioral medication usage in an 18-bed dementia care unit at a not-for-profit continuing care retirement community in West Central Ohio. Comparing a target cohort during the 6-month pre-implementation period with the 6-month post-implementation period, our study indicates that BBET appears to have a positive impact on the resident's quality of life and also appears to correlate with behavioral medical reduction...
February 2013: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22971204/long-term-medicaid-excess-payments-from-alleged-price-manipulation-of-generic-lorazepam
#8
Boyang Bian, Elizabeth Gorevski, Christina M L Kelton, Jeff J Guo, Jill E Martin Boone
BACKGROUND: Cost savings from the use of generic drugs versus brand-name drugs are well known. Both private and public prescription drug plans encourage the use of generic drugs through a variety of mechanisms. The magnitude of cost savings for a given generic drug is dependent on the degree to which the generic market is competitive. Should the competitive structure become compromised, higher prices and reduced cost savings may result. An alleged conspiracy between Mylan Laboratories and its active-ingredient suppliers in 1997 was associated with an increase in seller concentration in the generic lorazepam market...
September 2012: Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy: JMCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22560361/abh-gel-is-not-absorbed-from-the-skin-of-normal-volunteers
#9
Thomas J Smith, Joseph K Ritter, Justin L Poklis, Devon Fletcher, Patrick J Coyne, Patricia Dodson, Gwendolyn Parker
BACKGROUND: Lorazepam (Ativan(®)), diphenhydramine (Benadryl(®)), haloperidol (Haldol(®)) (ABH) topical gel is currently widely used for nausea in hospice because of perceived efficacy and low cost and has been suggested for cancer chemotherapy. However, there are no studies of absorption, a prerequisite for effectiveness. We completed this study to establish whether ABH gel drugs are absorbed, as a prerequisite to effectiveness. INTERVENTION: Ten healthy volunteers, aged 25 to 58 years (mean 37 years), two African Americans and eight Caucasian Americans, applied the standard 1...
May 2012: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22548613/ativan-lorazepam
#10
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2012: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22258993/muscle-relaxants-for-pain-management-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
REVIEW
Bethan L Richards, Samuel L Whittle, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Pain management is a high priority for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Muscle relaxants include drugs that reduce muscle spasm (for example benzodiazepines such as diazepam (Valium), alprazolam (Xanax), lorazepam (Ativan) and non-benzodiazepines such as metaxalone (Skelaxin) or a combination of paracetamol and orphenadrine (Muscol)) and drugs that prevent increased muscle tone (baclofen and dantrolene). Despite a paucity of evidence supporting their use, antispasmodic and antispasticity muscle relaxants have gained widespread clinical acceptance as adjuvants in the management of patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain...
2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21897194/bladder-rupture-after-intentional-medication-overdose
#12
Butch Huston, Kelly Mills, Victor Froloff, Michael McGee
We report the case of a 51-year-old woman who had a medical history of diabetes, depression with past suicide attempts, and suicidal ideation. She was found unresponsive in a motel with multiple bottles of medicines (melatonin, carisoprodol, ativan, and clonazepam) and an unopened bottle of wine. She was transported to the local hospital and treated for benzodiazepine toxicity and aspiration pneumonitis.The decedent gradually became more alert and was extubated 3 days after hospital admission. The decedent was reportedly getting up to use the restroom when she became tachypneic and diaphoretic and complained of generalized body pain...
June 2012: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21277137/hiccups-as-the-only-symptom-of-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#13
Joshua Davenport, Michelle Duong, Richard Lanoix
Hiccups, which are usually benign and self-limited, occasionally serve as markers of a serious underlying pathology. We present this case report to inform emergency physicians about the potential for hiccups to serve as the only presenting symptom of a myocardial infarction. The patient, a 68-year-old man with a history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and current tobacco use, was first seen in the emergency department after 4 days of intractable hiccups with no other complaints or symptoms. After ineffective hiccup treatment on the first visit with 2 mg Ativan and 25 intramuscular (i...
January 2012: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19821364/benzodiazepines-for-delirium
#14
REVIEW
Edmund Lonergan, Jay Luxenberg, Almudena Areosa Sastre
BACKGROUND: Delirium occurs in 30% of hospitalised patients and is associated with prolonged hospital stay and increased morbidity and mortality. The results of uncontrolled studies have been unclear, with some suggesting that benzodiazepines may be useful in controlling non-alcohol related delirium. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and incidence of adverse effects of benzodiazapines in the treatment of non-alcohol withdrawal related delirium. SEARCH STRATEGY: The trials were identified from a search of the Specialized Register of the Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group on 26 February 2008 using the search terms: (deliri* or confusion) and (benzo* or lorazepam," or "alprazolam" or "ativan" or diazepam or valium or chlordiazepam)...
2009: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19520272/role-of-intravenous-levetiracetam-in-acute-seizure-management-of-children
#15
Batool F Kirmani, Edwin D Crisp, Saima Kayani, Hasan Rajab
Status epilepticus is defined as a seizure lasting beyond 30 minutes. Children with intractable epilepsy undergo frequent hospital admissions secondary to status epilepticus or because of acute exacerbation of seizures. Intravenous levetiracetam became available in August 2006 for use in patients aged above 16 years. There are insufficient data about the efficacy and safety of intravenous levetiracetam in children. We retrospectively analyzed data from children treated with intravenous levetiracetam for status epilepticus and acute exacerbation of seizures...
July 2009: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19371497/a-randomized-double-blind-comparison-of-lorazepam-and-chlordiazepoxide-in-patients-with-uncomplicated-alcohol-withdrawal
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Chittaranjan Andrade, Pratima Murthy
OBJECTIVE: For important reasons, lorazepam (Ativan) and chlordiazepoxide (Librium) are both popular treatments for alcohol-withdrawal syndrome. Nevertheless, there is little literature directly comparing the two drugs. A formal comparison is desirable because of pharmacokinetic and other differences that could affect safety and efficacy considerations relevant to practice in developing countries. METHOD: One hundred consecutive consenting male inpatients in a state of moderately severe, uncomplicated alcohol withdrawal at screening were randomized to receive either lorazepam (8 mg/day) or chlordiazepoxide (80 mg/day) with dosing down-titrated to zero in a fixed-dose schedule across 8 treatment days...
May 2009: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19160280/benzodiazepines-for-delirium
#17
REVIEW
Edmund Lonergan, Jay Luxenberg, Almudena Areosa Sastre, Torgeir Bruun Wyller
BACKGROUND: Delirium occurs in 30% of hospitalised patients and is associated with prolonged hospital stay and increased morbidity and mortality. The results of uncontrolled studies have been unclear, with some suggesting that benzodiazepines may be useful in controlling non-alcohol related delirium. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and incidence of adverse effects of benzodiazapines in the treatment of non-alcohol withdrawal related delirium. SEARCH STRATEGY: The trials were identified from a search of the Specialized Register of the Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group on 26 February 2008 using the search terms: (deliri* or confusion) and (benzo* or lorazepam," or "alprazolam" or "ativan" or diazepam or valium or chlordiazepam)...
2009: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19081798/pills-thrills-and-bellyaches-case-studies-of-prescription-pill-use-and-misuse-among-marijuana-blunt-smoking-middle-class-young-women
#18
Flutura Bardhi, Stephen J Sifaneck, Bruce D Johnson, Eloise Dunlap
Recent survey research has documented important increases during the 2000s in the misuse and abuse of several prescription drugs (Vicodin, Percocet, Codeine, Dilaudid, Xanax, Klonopin, Valium, Ativan, Adderall, Ritalin, among others). This article focuses upon the patterns of pill use and misuse among young women who are middle-class white and college-educated, and they are also experienced marijuana users who report recreational consumption of other illegal drugs. The ethnographic data provides insights about various ways and reasons that such prescription pill misuse occurs among 12 college-educated, (upper) middle-class, white/Asian women in their 20s who were involved in a major ethnographic study of marijuana and blunts...
2007: Contemporary Drug Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18257398/lorazepam-diphenhydramine-and-haloperidol-transdermal-gel-for-rescue-from-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-vomiting-results-of-two-pilot-trials
#19
Jacob Bleicher, Achala Bhaskara, Tim Huyck, Susan Constantino, Aditya Bardia, Charles L Loprinzi, Peter T Silberstein
Despite their use of prophylactic antiemetic therapies, cancer patients continue to consider chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) to be a significant problem. Patients frequently use various "breakthrough" medications for these symptoms. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of trials regarding treatment of breakthrough CINV. This study investigated the efficacy of "ABH," a topical gel containing lorazepam (Ativan), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), and haloperidol (Haldol), in reducing breakthrough CINV. Adults receiving standard recommended prophylactic antiemetics as outpatients were instructed to use 0...
January 2008: Journal of Supportive Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15516298/lorazepam-and-driving-impairment
#20
Jayne E Clarkson, Ann Marie Gordon, Barry K Logan
Lorazepam (Ativan), is a benzodiazepine frequently used to manage anxiety, presurgically, and as a sedative. Common side effects include sedation, dizziness, weakness, unsteadiness, and disorientation. Consequently, lorazepam can have a significant effect on driving ability. We reviewed all positive lorazepam drug-impaired driving cases submitted to the Washington State Toxicology Laboratory between January 1998 and December 2003. The mean concentration found in the blood of these drivers (n = 170) was 0.048 mg/L (std...
September 2004: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
keyword
keyword
48042
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"