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Senior nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785874/-because-the-baby-asks-for-it-a-mixed-methods-study-on-local-perceptions-toward-nutrition-during-pregnancy-among-marginalised-migrant-women-along-the-myanmar-thailand-border
#1
Ahmar H Hashmi, Moo Kho Paw, Suphak Nosten, Mu Chae Darakamon, Mary Ellen Gilder, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Verena I Carrara, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Emma Plugge, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy are known risk factors for pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. Understanding perceptions around nutrition in pregnancy can create culturally appropriate interventions for improved health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: A mixed-methods study was performed to explore local perceptions and practices of diet and physical activity in pregnancy in a marginalised population along the Myanmar-Thailand border...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743390/association-between-occupational-clusters-and-allergic-rhinitis-in-the-korean-population-analysis-of-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#2
Sungjin Park, Pil Kyun Jung, Myungsup Choi, Hongdeok Seok, Hansol Kim, Sung-Soo Oh, Sang-Baek Koh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the association between occupational clusters and allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: The study was based on data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES: 2007-2015). This study included 46,965 individuals: 20,491 men and 26,474 women. AR was defined as having been diagnosed by a physician. Occupations were classified according to occupational characteristics and skill levels into white (chief executives, senior officials, legislators, managers, professionals, and technicians), pink (clerks, clerical support workers, services and sales workers), blue (craft and related trades workers, drivers, plant and machine operators, assemblers, elementary occupation workers), and green (skilled agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers) categories...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737487/concentrations-of-selected-heterocyclic-aromatic-amines-among-us-population-aged-%C3%A2-6-years-data-from-nhanes-2013-2014
#3
Ram B Jain
Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for US population aged ≥ 6 years for 2013-2014 were used to analyze data for four heterocyclic aromatic amines (HCAA), namely 2-amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AαC), 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhlP), harman, and norharman. Data were analyzed separately for children aged 6-11 years (N = 416), adolescents aged 12-19 years (N = 475), adults aged 20-64 years (N = 1913), and seniors aged ≥ 65 years (N = 458)...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682844/empowering-senior-citizens-for-healthy-nutrition-in-germany-a-pilot-study
#4
Janina Curbach, Berit Warrelmann, Susanne Brandstetter, Verena Lindacher, Jana Rueter, Julika Loss
Main goal of this study was to analyse how empowerment processes and bottom-up activities aimed at healthier food choices and food environment could be initiated among a group of senior citizens (between 60 and 75 years old). The intervention was set up as a pilot study in a rural community (15,000 inhabitants) in the federal state of Bavaria, South Eastern Germany. A process evaluation documented how group formation and empowerment processes developed during the course of the intervention. Extensive field notes were taken in 27 meetings, interviews (n = 13) and focus groups (n = 4) were conducted with participants and key persons at different points of the intervention...
April 22, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621108/a-qualitative-investigation-of-the-self-perceived-health-behavior-changes-in-seniors-after-their-transitions-into-a-retirement-home
#5
Danielle B Haney, Paula C Fletcher, Jennifer E Robertson-Wilson
PURPOSE/AIMS: It is important for seniors to engage in positive health behaviors to reduce the incidence of health-related consequences associated with aging. The purpose of this research study was to examine self-perceived changes in physical activity, nutrition, and alcohol consumption behaviors of seniors living in a retirement home through consideration of previous behaviors and self-perceptions of behavior changes. DESIGN: A qualitative research design was used for this study...
May 2018: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597273/nutrition-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-kap-among-kindergarten-teachers-in-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Hongyan Liu, Xianglong Xu, Dengyuan Liu, Yunshuang Rao, Cesar Reis, Manoj Sharma, Jun Yuan, Yao Chen, Yong Zhao
Kindergarten teachers play an important role in providing kindergarten children with education on nutrition. However, few studies have been published on nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of Chinese kindergarten teachers. This study aimed to assess the nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of kindergarten teachers in Chongqing, China. Thus, a cross-sectional survey was conducted using a structured KAP model questionnaire administered to 222 kindergarten teachers, who were senior teachers from 80 kindergartens in 19 districts and 20 counties in Chongqing...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587455/role-of-nutrition-in-alcoholic-liver-disease-summary-of-the-symposium-at-the-esbra-2017-congress
#7
Kusum K Kharbanda, Martin J J Ronis, Colin T Shearn, Dennis R Petersen, Samir Zakhari, Dennis R Warner, Ariel E Feldstein, Craig J McClain, Irina A Kirpich
The symposium, "Role of Nutrition in Alcoholic Liver Disease", was held at the European Society for Biomedical Research on Alcoholism Congress on 9 October 2017 in Crete, Greece. The goal of the symposium was to highlight recent advances and developments in the field of alcohol and nutrition. The symposium was focused on experimental and clinical aspects in relation to the role of different types of dietary nutrients and malnutrition in the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). The following is a summary of key research presented at this session...
March 26, 2018: Biomolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579406/a-life-in-food-a-grain-of-salt-and-some-humble-pie
#8
Michael J Gibney
From my senior school days, I had wanted to pursue a career in food. In quite what capacity I was not too sure. So my starting points were within the fields of animal nutrition before moving for the major part of my career to medical schools to study human nutrition and health. My career scientific achievements lie within the Kuhnian spectrum of normal science, but within that normality, I was always one to challenge conventional wisdom. An academic career is about more than just research. It is about teaching and not just the minutiae of nutrition, but about life and living, about challenges and failures...
March 26, 2018: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499978/evaluation-of-implementation-of-fasting-guidelines-for-enterally-fed-critical-care-patients
#9
Bethan Jenkins, Philip C Calder, Luise V Marino
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Critically ill adults have increased nutrition risk. Prior to procedures patients are often fasted, leading to nutritional deficits. The use of fasting guidelines may therefore help reduce deficits from accumulating. The aim of this work was to determine the impact on nutrition support delivery following the implementation of fasting guidelines in addition to characterizing staff knowledge of the guidelines. DESIGN: Retrospective data were collected on n = 74 patients at two different time points; prior to launch of fasting guidelines and post launch, with regards to estimated nutritional requirements, nutritional targets, volume of enteral nutrition (EN) delivered and periods of fasting...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498182/use-of-the-malnutrition-screening-tool-by-non-dietitians-to-identify-at-risk-patients-in-a-rehabilitation-setting-a-validation-study
#10
Paulina Wester, Rebecca Angus, Dayle Easlea, Michelle Lin, Benjamin Chen, Leanne Bisset
AIM: Malnutrition is highly prevalent in rehabilitation patients, and screening is important to allow for timely intervention to reduce the incidence of adverse clinical outcomes. We aimed to determine the reliability and validity of the commonly employed malnutrition screening tool by non-dietitian staff in categorising patients at risk of malnutrition in the rehabilitation setting. METHODS: This prospective observational cohort study recruited 100 participants on admission to a rehabilitation ward...
March 2, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474746/the-ageing-pancreas-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-and-analysis-of-the-consequences
#11
REVIEW
J-M Löhr, N Panic, M Vujasinovic, C S Verbeke
Senior people constitute the fastest growing segment of the population. The elderly are at risk for malnutrition, thought to be caused by reduced food intake or involution of the physiological capacity of the GI tract. Age-related changes are well known in other secretory organs such as liver, kidney and intestine. The pancreas, representing a metabolically active organ with uptake and breakdown of essential nutritional components, changes its morphology and function with age. During childhood, the volume of the pancreas increases, reaching a plateau between 20 and 60 years, and declines thereafter...
May 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473941/targeted-geriatric-assessment-for-fast-paced-healthcare-settings-development-validity-and-reliability
#12
Márlon J R Aliberti, Daniel Apolinario, Claudia K Suemoto, Juliana A Melo, Sileno Q Fortes-Filho, Marcos D Saraiva, Carolina B Trindade, Kenneth E Covinsky, Wilson Jacob-Filho
OBJECTIVES: To develop and examine the validity and reliability of a targeted geriatric assessment (TaGA) for busy healthcare settings. DESIGN: The TaGA was developed through the consensus of experts (Delphi technique), and we investigated its construct validity and reliability in a cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric day hospital specializing in acute care in Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (N = 534) aged 79...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456125/development-and-validation-of-a-tool-to-measure-dietitians-self-efficacy-with-using-mobile-health-apps-in-dietetic-practice
#13
Juliana Chen, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a tool for assessing dietitians' self-efficacy with using mobile health (mHealth) apps in dietetic practice. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A tool for measuring mHealth app self-efficacy among dietitians was constructed based on a literature review, consultation with experts, and Bandura's self-efficacy scales development guide. Senior dietetic students and new graduate dietitians in Australia (n = 100) tested the tool. OUTCOME MEASURES AND ANALYSIS: Validation of the tool was conducted using factor analysis...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433498/what-does-an-enabling-environment-for-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-look-like-at-implementation-level-perspectives-from-a-multi-stakeholder-process-in-the-breede-valley-sub-district-western-cape-south-africa
#14
L M Du Plessis, M H McLachlan, S E Drimie
BACKGROUND: Breede Valley is a sub-district of the Cape Winelands district, Western Cape Province, South Africa. The administrative capital of the district is situated in the semi-rural town Worcester. Findings of a baseline survey in Worcester revealed poor infant feeding practices and childhood under- and overnutrition, with particular concern over high levels of stunting and low dietary diversity. Maternal overweight and obesity was high. These characteristics made the site suitable to study multi-sectoral arrangements for infant and young child nutrition (IYCN)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389602/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-factors-underlying-seniors-receptiveness-to-entomophagy
#15
Gael Myers, Simone Pettigrew
Entomophagy presents a novel approach to securing a nutritive and environmentally sustainable food source to meet the needs of a growing and ageing population. To date, research exploring the receptiveness of Western consumers towards entomophagy has focused on younger age groups and there has been little examination of the views of older adults. The aims of this study were to (i) explore the factors associated with older people's attitudes towards entomophagy and (ii) identify strategies to encourage seniors to adopt the practice...
January 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349280/food-insecurity-and-family-structure-in-nigeria
#16
Nkechi S Owoo
The article explores a series of questions and hypotheses related to polygynous family structures and both household and individual-level food security outcomes, using the World Bank Living Standards Measurement Survey data from Nigeria, collected in 2011, 2013 and 2015. A Correlated Random Effects (CRE) model is used to examine the relationship between polygyny and household-level food security, and the degree to which it is mediated by household wealth, size, and livelihood. A Household Fixed Effect model is employed to explore whether a mother's status as monogamous versus polygynous relates systematically to her child's health, and also whether child outcomes of senior wives are better than outcomes of junior wives within polygynous households...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348994/the-association-of-mediterranean-diet-and-exercise-modifications-with-anthropometric-parameters-in-a-psychiatric-community-population-a-pilot-study
#17
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Jessica Pedretti, Letizia Grossi, Benedetta Cuoghi, Cinzia Varni, Giulia Landi, Ludovica Spattini, Chiara Visentini, Paola Ferri, Francesca Carubbi
Weight gain and related metabolic syndrome (MS) are major current issues in public health. MS consists of abdominal fat, atherogenic dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory and pro-thrombotic state, and accounts for both cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus risk factors. Patients affected by psychiatric illness present a prevalence of 35-40% of MS. Many studies have shown that Mediterranean diet is associated with the reduction of mortality due to cardiovascular and malignant diseases, potentially preventing both obesity and type II diabetes mellitus...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340964/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-as-a-simple-tool-for-assessment-of-malnutrition-among-geriatrics-in-northwest-of-iran-comparison-with-mini-nutritional-assessment
#18
Maryam Saghafi-Asl, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Nahid Karamzad, Lida Daeiefarshbaf, Parinaz Kalejahi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi
BACKGROUND: Older people are more likely to develop nutritional problems and timely diagnosis of malnutrition is crucial to prevent hazardous consequences following poor nutrition. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status among non-hospitalized elderly, compared to mini nutritional assessment (MNA) among Iranian seniors. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four subjects, aged ≥ 65 years old were recruited to our cross-sectional study from various districts of Tabriz (Tabriz, Iran)...
January 16, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325666/examining-internet-access-and-social-media-application-use-for-online-nutrition-education-in-snap-ed-participants-in-rural-illinois
#19
Emily Loehmer, Sylvia Smith, Jennifer McCaffrey, Jeremy Davis
OBJECTIVE: To examine Internet access and interest in receiving nutrition education via social media applications among low-income adults participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed during 25 SNAP-Ed classes throughout the 16 southernmost counties of Illinois. RESULTS: From 188 responses, the majority of participants had Internet access (76%). Among participants aged 18-32 years (n = 51), 92% owned a smartphone with Internet access and 57% indicated that they would use online nutrition education, with most interest in e-mail (41%), Facebook (40%), and text messaging (35%)...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323862/healthy-food-procurement-and-nutrition-standards-in-public-facilities-evidence-synthesis-and-consensus-policy-recommendations
#20
Kim D Raine, Kayla Atkey, Dana Lee Olstad, Alexa R Ferdinands, Dominique Beaulieu, Susan Buhler, Norm Campbell, Brian Cook, Mary L'Abbé, Ashley Lederer, David Mowat, Joshna Maharaj, Candace Nykiforuk, Jacob Shelley, Jacqueline Street
INTRODUCTION: Unhealthy foods are widely available in public settings across Canada, contributing to diet-related chronic diseases, such as obesity. This is a concern given that public facilities often provide a significant amount of food for consumption by vulnerable groups, including children and seniors. Healthy food procurement policies, which support procuring, distributing, selling, and/or serving healthier foods, have recently emerged as a promising strategy to counter this public health issue by increasing access to healthier foods...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
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