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Senior nutrition

Carmen Byker Shanks, Sarah Haack, Dawn Tarabochia, Kate Bates, Lori Christenson
Nutrition is an essential component in promoting health and quality of life into the older adults years. The purpose of this qualitative research is to explore how the rural food environment influences food choices of older adults. Four focus groups were conducted with 33 older adults (50 years of age and older) residing in rural Montana communities. Four major themes related to factors influencing food choices among rural older adults emerged from this study: perception of the rural community environment, support as a means of increasing food access, personal access to food sources, and dietary factors...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Community Health
John J M Dwyer, Andrea Starr, Christine Mills, Jess Haines
PURPOSE: This qualitative study, guided by a phenomenological approach, explored senior-level undergraduate, nutrition students' perceptions of how obesity and weight bias were addressed in the undergraduate curricula and how the curricula influenced their attitudes toward individuals with obesity. METHODS: Twenty senior-level undergraduate, nutrition students from the University of Guelph participated in interviews. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Iva Brabcová, Marie Trešlová, Sylva Bártlová, Jitka Vacková, Valerie Tóthová, Lenka Maťhová
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutrition is an important social determinant of health that influences the ageing process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional condition of a group of seniors and identify the bio-psycho-social factors that increase the risk of malnutrition. METHODS: The research was conducted using a quantitative method. The standardised scales Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form (MNA-SF) and the Geriatric depression scale (GDS-5) were used to evaluate the nutritional condition and tendency towards depression of the tested group...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Aparna P Nanduri, Sally Fullman, Lori Morell, Steve Buyske, Mary L Wagner
BACKGROUND: Project Healthy Bones (PHB) is a 24-week, peer-led exercise and education program for older adults at risk of osteoporosis. METHOD: Residents from an assisted living and senior community program were enrolled after medical clearance. Participant demographics, geriatric fitness assessments, exercise logs, quizzes, and surveys were collected at baseline and 24 weeks. Data were analyzed using paired t tests and ANOVA of change scores for the pooled data within the R statistical environment...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Morris Gordon, Sahira Isaji, Fiona Tyacke
AIM: To ascertain United Kingdom adherence to European society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition guidance (ESPGHAN). METHODS: A national cross sectional questionnaire study of neonatal units across England was completed between January and March 2014. All 174 units in the country were attempted to be contacted to complete a telephone survey. This included all level 1, 2 and 3 units. They were initially contacted by phone and asking any senior member of the team about their current practice and procedures...
August 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Rhian Isaac, Astrid Gerrard, Kevin Bazaz
BACKGROUND: Pressures to open pharmacy services 7 days a week, with no financial input for these extra resources, has knock on effects that may dilute accessibility to clinical pharmacists in specialist areas. AIMS: The aim of this survey was to assess opinions of the users of the current pharmacy services to PICU and the planned extended hours provision. METHOD: An e-survey was sent to PIC Consultants, Advanced Nurse Practitioners, and Senior Nursing Staff following a six month period of increased clinical pharmacists time allocation to PIC...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Brian P Chen, Rashami Awasthi, Shane N Sweet, Enrico M Minnella, Andreas Bergdahl, Daniel Santa Mina, Francesco Carli, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl
PURPOSE: High complication rates following colorectal surgery render many patients unable to fully regain functional capacity, thus seriously compromising quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess whether a 4-week trimodal prehabilitation program (exercise, nutritional supplementation, and counseling on relaxation techniques), implemented during the preoperative period, is sufficient to modify exercise behaviors and improve functional capacity of elderly patients scheduled for colorectal cancer surgery...
August 18, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Melanie T Turk, Okan U Elci, Lenore K Resick, Melissa A Kalarchian
Effective interventions for older adults are needed to address lifestyle behaviors linked to chronic illnesses. We implemented a 12-week group behavioral intervention for 118 racially diverse older adults at 6 community-based senior centers to improve eating and physical activity. Assessments were completed pre- and postintervention, with 85.6% retention. We documented increases in fruit, vegetable, and whole grain intake; pace of walking; number of city blocks walked; daily steps walked; functional mobility; and self-rated general health (P < ...
October 2016: Family & Community Health
Alistair M Senior, Alison K Gosby, Jing Lu, Stephen J Simpson, David Raubenheimer
Meta-analysis, which drives evidence-based practice, typically focuses on the average response of subjects to a treatment. For instance in nutritional research the difference in average weight of participants on different diets is typically used to draw conclusions about the relative efficacy of interventions. As a result of their focus on the mean, meta-analyses largely overlook the effects of treatments on inter-subject variability. Recent tools from the study of biological evolution, where inter-individual variability is one of the key ingredients for evolution by natural selection, now allow us to study inter-subject variability using established meta-analytic models...
2016: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
Kate Gerrish, Sara Laker, Carolyn Taylor, Fiona Kennedy, Ann McDonnell
AIM: To report a multi-faceted knowledge translation intervention to facilitate use of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool and innovation in nutritional care for patients at risk of malnutrition. BACKGROUND: Malnutrition among hospitalised patients is a widespread problem leading to adverse health outcomes. Despite evidence of the benefits of malnutrition screening and recommendations for achieving good nutrition, shortfalls in practice continue. DESIGN: A mixed-method integrated knowledge translation study...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Maram G Katoue, Dalal Al-Taweel
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists can provide beneficial pharmaceutical care services to patients receiving Parenteral Nutrition (PN) therapy by working within Nutrition Support Teams (NSTs). OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to explore pharmacists' role in PN therapy in hospitals of Kuwait, sources of PN-related information, opinions on NSTs, perceptions about the barriers to pharmaceutical care implementation and views on how to enhance their practices. METHODS: Data were collected via face-to-face semi-structured interviews with the senior Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) pharmacists at all the hospitals which provide TPN preparation services (six governmental hospitals and one private hospital) in Kuwait...
April 2016: Pharmacy Practice
Omorogieva Ojo
Oral nutritional supplements offer support to patients in acute care who are undernourished or at risk of malnutrition. Yet doubts remain over cost and compliance. Omorogieva Ojo, Senior Lecturer in Primary Care at University of Greenwich weighs up the evidence.
June 23, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Juliana De Abreu Gonçalves, Emilia Addison Machado Moreira, Michelle Soares Rauen, Alessandra Rossi, Adriano Ferreti Borgatto
PURPOSE: To assess intergenerational associations between dental caries and nutritional status, oral hygiene habits, and diet. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with three generations of 54 families. Inclusion criteria were senior citizens with an adult son/daughter who also had a child (five to 12 years old). Dental caries was assessed using the decayed, missing, filled, primary teeth (dmft) and permanent teeth (DMFT) indexes. Nutritional status was evaluated using the body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and percentage of body fat...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
J Laussen, C Kowaleski, K Martin, C Hickey, R A Fielding, K F Reid
BACKGROUND: As the population of older adults continues to increase, the dissemination of strategies to maintain independence of older persons is of critical public health importance. Recent large-scale clinical trial evidence has definitively shown intervention of moderate-intensity physical activity (PA) reduces major mobility disability in at-risk older adults. However, it remains unknown whether structured PA interventions, with demonstrated efficacy in controlled, clinical environments, can be successfully disseminated into community settings to benefit wider populations of older adults...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
Julie Bobitt, Andiara Schwingel
While U.S. national policies have been developed to support evidence-based (EB) lifestyle programs for older adults, there has been limited research to determine to what extent these programs actually reach local communities. This study sought to identify factors that impact the implementation of EB physical activity, nutrition, and chronic disease management programs at regional (Area Agencies on Aging, AAAs) and community levels (Senior Centers, SCs). Interviews were conducted with directors of 4 AAAs and 12 SCs to understand their perspectives on EB program implementation...
May 23, 2016: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Esther García-Esquinas, Berna Rahi, Karine Peres, Marco Colpo, Jean-François Dartigues, Stefania Bandinelli, Catherine Feart, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
BACKGROUND: Consuming fruit and vegetables (FVs) may protect against frailty, but to our knowledge no study has yet assessed their prospective dose-response relation. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the dose-response association between FV consumption and the risk of frailty in older adults. DESIGN: Data were taken from 3 independent cohorts of community-dwelling older adults: the Seniors-ENRICA (Study on Nutrition and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Spain) cohort (n = 1872), Three-City (3C) Bordeaux cohort (n = 581), and integrated multidisciplinary approach cohort (n = 473)...
July 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
James H Swan, Jennifer J Severance, Keith Turner
Healthy diet and weight control are important for elders and senior centers (SCs). The authors consider effects of SCs on attendee nutrition and health and efforts to improve diets and weight. Data derive from surveys in 2006 (N = 798) and 2007 (N = 742) at 21 multipurpose SCs in Tarrant County, Texas, supplemented with data from 2012 (N = 1,402). Measures included attendee agreement that SC meals improved nutrition, improved health, attempts to improve diets, and success in controlling weight. Cumulative and binary logistic regression methods were employed...
August 2016: Social Work in Public Health
Min-Gyu Choi, Mi-Jung Park, Shin-Hye Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the reference values and factors influencing blood lead levels among Korean adolescents. METHODS: The study population consisted of 1,585 adolescents (801 males, 784 females; aged 10-19 years) who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2013. We analyzed blood lead concentrations in relation to demographic/lifestyle characteristics for all participants. "Reference values" of blood lead levels were calculated as the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval of the 95th percentile...
March 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
Alistair M Senior, Mathieu Lihoreau, Michael A Charleston, Jerome Buhl, David Raubenheimer, Stephen J Simpson
Collective foraging, based on positive feedback and quorum responses, is believed to improve the foraging efficiency of animals. Nutritional models suggest that social information transfer increases the ability of foragers with closely aligned nutritional needs to find nutrients and maintain a balanced diet. However, whether or not collective foraging is adaptive in a heterogeneous group composed of individuals with differing nutritional needs is virtually unexplored. Here we develop an evolutionary agent-based model using concepts of nutritional ecology to address this knowledge gap...
April 2016: Royal Society Open Science
Ludmila Anderson, Nancy R Martin, Stephanie M Kelly, Heather A Brown
PURPOSE: This study assessed the oral health status of older adults in randomly selected New Hampshire senior centers and congregate meal sites for the purpose of future planning, implementation and evaluation of targeted public health programs. METHODS: A cross-sectional surveillance project was developed. Registered dental hygienists visually assessed denture use, number of natural teeth, teeth mobility, untreated caries, root fragments, gingivitis, need for care and treatment urgency among randomly selected active older adults living within New Hampshire communities...
April 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
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