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Senior nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610758/the-everyday-food-practices-of-community-dwelling-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-older-adults
#1
Nevin Cohen, Kristen Cribbs
Malnutrition during old age is a significant public health issue. Prevailing behavioral and structural senior malnutrition interventions have had marginal success, largely failing to reflect the realities of people's daily lives. This novel study employed Social Practice Theory (SPT) to explore the food practices of an under-researched, yet highly vulnerable, segment of the older adult population-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) seniors. Four focus groups were conducted with 31 older adult clients and volunteers at a national LGBT social service and advocacy organization...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608513/out-of-office-hours-elective-surgical-intensive-care-admissions-and-their-associated-complications
#2
David J R Morgan, Kwok Ming Ho, Yang Jian Ong, Marlene L Kolybaba
BACKGROUND: The 'weekend' effect is a controversial theory that links reduced staffing levels, staffing seniority and supportive services at hospitals during 'out-of-office hours' time periods with worsening patient outcomes. It is uncertain whether admitting elective surgery patients to intensive care units (ICU) during 'out-of-office hours' time periods mitigates this affect through higher staffing ratios and seniority. METHODS: Over a 3-year period in Western Australia's largest private hospital, this retrospective nested-cohort study compared all elective surgical patients admitted to the ICU based on whether their admission occurred 'in-office hours' (Monday-Friday 08...
June 12, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595795/relationship-between-arsenic-and-selenium-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-inorganic-arsenic
#3
Beata Janasik, Anna Zawisza, Beata Malachowska, Wojciech Fendler, Magdalena Stanislawska, Renata Kuras, Wojciech Wasowicz
The interaction between arsenic (As) and selenium (Se) has been one of the most extensively studied. The antagonism between As and Se suggests that low Se status plays an important role in aggravating arsenic toxicity in diseases development. The objective of this study was to assess the Se contents in biological samples of inorganic As exposed workers (n=61) and in non-exposed subjects (n=52). Median (Me) total arsenic concentration in urine of exposed workers was 21.83μg/g creat. (interquartile range (IQR) 15...
July 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537341/no-associations-of-25-hydroxycholecalciferol-and-parathyroid-hormone-concentrations-with-calcaneal-bone-characteristics-in-community-dwelling-elderly-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
A Jungert, M Neuhäuser-Berthold
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OH)D3] and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentrations with bone status parameters in elderly subjects. DESIGN/SETTING: Cross-sectional data based on the follow-up 2008 of the longitudinal study on nutrition and health status of senior citizens in Giessen, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-eight independently living subjects aged 66-96 years. MEASUREMENTS: Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D3, iPTH, N-terminal propeptide of type 1 collagen (P1NP) and activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were assessed...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498237/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-advanced-ovarian-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-interventions-trialed
#5
Kristina Lindemann, Peey-Sei Kok, Martin Stockler, Ken Jaaback, Alison Brand
OBJECTIVES: We sought to summarize the evidence for interventions aiming at enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in ovarian cancer through a systematic review. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library for studies testing ERAS interventions in patients undergoing surgery for ovarian cancer. Study selection and data extraction were done independently by 2 reviewers with disagreements resolved by discussion with a senior, third reviewer. RESULTS: We identified 25 studies including 1648 participants with ovarian cancer...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476322/factors-associated-with-effective-nutrition-interventions-for-pregnant-indigenous-women-a-systematic-review
#6
Amy M Ashman, Leanne J Brown, Clare E Collins, Megan E Rollo, Kym M Rae
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous people continue to experience health disparities relative to non-Indigenous populations. Interventions to improve nutrition during pregnancy in these groups may improve health outcomes for mothers and their infants. The effectiveness of existing nutrition intervention programs has not been reviewed previously. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to identify interventions targeting improving nutrition-related outcomes for pregnant Indigenous women residing in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, and to identify positive factors contributing to successful programs...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#7
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402217/the-dash-pilot-project-developing-community-based-nutrition-education-for-older-adults
#8
Jan M Ivery, Liza Benton, Ashley Harrison, Melissa Paul, Marielysse Cortés
Nutrition-related chronic health conditions among older adults are a growing concern. In this study, nutrition education materials were created for use in senior centers by graduate nutrition students. After the materials were presented, focus groups were conducted with participants (n = 62) to obtain feedback on the content and presentation. Findings related to the participant's knowledge of nutrition-related information, strategies to improve future class sessions, and participant recruitment will be discussed...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384270/the-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-high-risk-alcohol-consumption-in-korean-adults-the-2009-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#9
Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: The consequences of alcohol consumption on health outcomes are largely determined by two separate, but related, dimensions of drinking: the total volume of alcohol consumed and the pattern of drinking. Most epidemiological studies focus on the amount of alcohol consumed and do not consider the pattern of drinking. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the prevalence of and factors associated with high-risk and heavy alcohol drinking in Korean adults. METHODS: This study analyzed 15,215 of the 28,009 participants in the 2009-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340696/comments-on-the-history-of-medical-biological-studies-of-aging-the-birth-of-scientific-gerontology
#10
L Robert, J Labat-Robert
Recent books (Immunity. How Elie Metchnikoff changed the course of modern medicine and Expectations of Life) reviewed the important contribution of Metchnikoff to the emergence of gerontology as a new branch of biomedical sciences. Here, we insist on Metchnikoff's contribution and pivotal role in the emergence of nutrition as a science and its importance for health and longevity. The discovery of phagocytosis by Metchnikoff and of its evolutionary ancestry are at the origin of the emergence of cellular immunity as an independent science besides humoral immunity...
January 2017: Current Research in Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329809/mediterranean-dietary-patterns-and-impaired-physical-function-in-older-adults
#11
Ellen A Struijk, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther López-García
Background: Information about nutritional risk factors of functional limitation is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the Mediterranean diet and risk of physical function impairment in older adults. Methods: We used data from 1,630 participants in the Seniors-ENRICA cohort aged ≥60 years. In 2008-2010, adherence to the Mediterranean diet pattern was measured with the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) and the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS)...
October 19, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315779/energy-and-macronutrient-intake-over-the-course-of-the-day-of-german-adults-a-dedipac-study
#12
Friederike Wittig, Eva Hummel, Germaine Wenzler, Thorsten Heuer
The aim of the study was to analyze the energy and macronutrient intake over the course of the day of selected population groups in Germany defined by sex, age, BMI, SES, and diet quality. The study was based on food consumption data from the German National Nutrition Survey II (2005-2007) assessed by two 4-day dietary weighing records of 662 women and men aged between 18 and 80 years. Energy and macronutrient intake were calculated using the German Nutrient Database 3.02 and summarized for the periods 'morning', 'midday', 'afternoon', 'evening', and 'night'...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298596/dietary-restriction-increases-variability-in-longevity
#13
A M Senior, S Nakagawa, D Raubenheimer, S J Simpson, D W A Noble
Nutritional environments, particularly those experienced during early life, are hypothesized to affect longevity. A recent cross-taxa meta-analysis found that, depending upon circumstance, average longevity may be increased or decreased by early-life dietary restriction. Unstudied are the effects of diet during development on among-individual variance in longevity. Here, we address this issue using emerging methods for meta-analysis of variance. We found that, in general, standard deviation (s.d.) in longevity is around 8% higher under early-life dietary restriction than a standard diet...
March 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#14
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271967/community-food-environments-and-healthy-food-access-among-older-adults-a-review-of-the-evidence-for-the-senior-farmers-market-nutrition-program-sfmnp
#15
Kellie O'Dare Wilson
Although an array of federal, state, and local programs exist that target food insecurity and the specific nutritional needs of seniors, food insecurity among older adults in the United States remains a persistent problem, particularly in minority and rural populations. Food insecurity is highly predictive of inadequate fresh fruit and vegetable (FFV) consumption in particular. The Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP) is a community-based program to help seniors purchase FFVs at farmer's markets in their neighborhoods...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244774/satisfaction-with-life-and-food-related-life-in-ecuadorian-older-adults
#16
Berta Schnettler, Germán Lobos, María Del Carmen Lapo, Cristian Adasme-Berríos, Clementina Hueche
OBJECTIVE: To distinguish typologies of seniors according to their levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life, and to characterize them according to the importance assigned to family, health-related aspects, eating habits, nutritional status and sociodemographic characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A survey was administered to a non-probabilistic sample of 817 seniors aged 60 years and over, of both genders, resident in urban and rural zones of the province of Guayas, Ecuador...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244569/improving-nutritional-status-of-older-persons-with-dementia-using-a-national-preventive-care-program
#17
L Johansson, H Wijk, L Christensson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the outcome of change in body weight associated with use of a structured preventive care process among persons with dementia assessed as at risk of malnutrition or malnourished. The preventive care process is a pedagogical model used in the Senior Alert (SA) quality register, where nutrition is one of the prioritized areas and includes four steps: assessment, analysis of underlying causes, actions performed and outcome. DESIGN: An analysis of data from SA with a pre-post design was performed...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244556/relationship-between-fear-of-falling-and-preceived-difficulty-with-grocery-shopping
#18
C S Johnson, K M McLeod
Fear of falling is associated with self-imposed restrictions of basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL/IADL), leading greater risk for functional decline and falls. The inability to independently grocery shop, a food-related IADL, negatively affects nutritional status and survival among seniors. Thus, this study examined the relationship between the fear of falling and difficulty with grocery shopping among seniors (n=98, mean age=82, 83% female), taking into account their functional capacity...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236606/physical-function-differences-between-the-stages-from-normal-cognition-to-moderate-alzheimer-disease
#19
Chisato Fujisawa, Hiroyuki Umegaki, Kazushi Okamoto, Hirotaka Nakashima, Masafumi Kuzuya, Kenji Toba, Takashi Sakurai
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the differences in the physical function test results across stages from normal cognition (NC) to moderate Alzheimer disease (AD) and how risk factors of physical function decline are correlated with the physical function test results. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of outpatients at the Memory Disorder Outpatient Center of Japan's National Center of Geriatrics and Gerontology. PARTICIPANTS: We enrolled 882 individuals aged ≥65 diagnosed with NC (n = 210), amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI; n = 273), mild AD (n = 181) or moderate AD (n = 197)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219149/-study-on-vitamin-a-nutritional-status-of-chinese-urban-elderly-residents-in-2010-2012
#20
J Chen, Y C Hu, C Yang, C F Yun, R Wang, D Q Mao, W D Li, Y H Yang, X G Yang, L C Yang
Objective: To assess the vitamin A nutritional status of the Chinese urban elderly population by analyzing serum retinol level in 2010-2012. Methods: Data were collected from the Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey in 2010-2012. Using the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method, serum samples from elderly residents aged ≥60 years old were obtained from 34 metropolis and 41 middle-sized and small cities. Demographic data were collected using a questionnaire survey. The serum retinol concentration was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography...
February 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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