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Senior nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329809/mediterranean-dietary-patterns-and-impaired-physical-function-in-older-adults
#1
Ellen A Struijk, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther López-García
Background: Information about nutritional risk factors of functional limitation is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the Mediterranean diet and risk of physical function impairment in older adults. Methods: We used data from 1,630 participants in the Seniors-ENRICA cohort aged ≥60 years. In 2008-2010, adherence to the Mediterranean diet pattern was measured with the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) and the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS)...
October 19, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315779/energy-and-macronutrient-intake-over-the-course-of-the-day-of-german-adults-a-dedipac-study
#2
Friederike Wittig, Eva Hummel, Germaine Wenzler, Thorsten Heuer
The aim of the study was to analyze the energy and macronutrient intake over the course of the day of selected population groups in Germany defined by sex, age, BMI, SES, and diet quality. The study was based on food consumption data from the German National Nutrition Survey II (2005-2007) assessed by two 4-day dietary weighing records of 662 women and men aged between 18 and 80 years. Energy and macronutrient intake were calculated using the German Nutrient Database 3.02 and summarized for the periods 'morning', 'midday', 'afternoon', 'evening', and 'night'...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298596/dietary-restriction-increases-variability-in-longevity
#3
A M Senior, S Nakagawa, D Raubenheimer, S J Simpson, D W A Noble
Nutritional environments, particularly those experienced during early life, are hypothesized to affect longevity. A recent cross-taxa meta-analysis found that, depending upon circumstance, average longevity may be increased or decreased by early-life dietary restriction. Unstudied are the effects of diet during development on among-individual variance in longevity. Here, we address this issue using emerging methods for meta-analysis of variance. We found that, in general, standard deviation (s.d.) in longevity is around 8% higher under early-life dietary restriction than a standard diet...
March 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#4
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271967/community-food-environments-and-healthy-food-access-among-older-adults-a-review-of-the-evidence-for-the-senior-farmers-market-nutrition-program-sfmnp
#5
Kellie O'Dare Wilson
Although an array of federal, state, and local programs exist that target food insecurity and the specific nutritional needs of seniors, food insecurity among older adults in the United States remains a persistent problem, particularly in minority and rural populations. Food insecurity is highly predictive of inadequate fresh fruit and vegetable (FFV) consumption in particular. The Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP) is a community-based program to help seniors purchase FFVs at farmer's markets in their neighborhoods...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244774/satisfaction-with-life-and-food-related-life-in-ecuadorian-older-adults
#6
Berta Schnettler, Germán Lobos, María Del Carmen Lapo, Cristian Adasme-Berríos, Clementina Hueche
OBJECTIVE: To distinguish typologies of seniors according to their levels of satisfaction with life and food-related life, and to characterize them according to the importance assigned to family, health-related aspects, eating habits, nutritional status and sociodemographic characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A survey was administered to a non-probabilistic sample of 817 seniors aged 60 years and over, of both genders, resident in urban and rural zones of the province of Guayas, Ecuador...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244569/improving-nutritional-status-of-older-persons-with-dementia-using-a-national-preventive-care-program
#7
L Johansson, H Wijk, L Christensson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the outcome of change in body weight associated with use of a structured preventive care process among persons with dementia assessed as at risk of malnutrition or malnourished. The preventive care process is a pedagogical model used in the Senior Alert (SA) quality register, where nutrition is one of the prioritized areas and includes four steps: assessment, analysis of underlying causes, actions performed and outcome. DESIGN: An analysis of data from SA with a pre-post design was performed...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244556/relationship-between-fear-of-falling-and-preceived-difficulty-with-grocery-shopping
#8
C S Johnson, K M McLeod
Fear of falling is associated with self-imposed restrictions of basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL/IADL), leading greater risk for functional decline and falls. The inability to independently grocery shop, a food-related IADL, negatively affects nutritional status and survival among seniors. Thus, this study examined the relationship between the fear of falling and difficulty with grocery shopping among seniors (n=98, mean age=82, 83% female), taking into account their functional capacity...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236606/physical-function-differences-between-the-stages-from-normal-cognition-to-moderate-alzheimer-disease
#9
Chisato Fujisawa, Hiroyuki Umegaki, Kazushi Okamoto, Hirotaka Nakashima, Masafumi Kuzuya, Kenji Toba, Takashi Sakurai
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the differences in the physical function test results across stages from normal cognition (NC) to moderate Alzheimer disease (AD) and how risk factors of physical function decline are correlated with the physical function test results. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of outpatients at the Memory Disorder Outpatient Center of Japan's National Center of Geriatrics and Gerontology. PARTICIPANTS: We enrolled 882 individuals aged ≥65 diagnosed with NC (n = 210), amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI; n = 273), mild AD (n = 181) or moderate AD (n = 197)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219149/-study-on-vitamin-a-nutritional-status-of-chinese-urban-elderly-residents-in-2010-2012
#10
J Chen, Y C Hu, C Yang, C F Yun, R Wang, D Q Mao, W D Li, Y H Yang, X G Yang, L C Yang
Objective: To assess the vitamin A nutritional status of the Chinese urban elderly population by analyzing serum retinol level in 2010-2012. Methods: Data were collected from the Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey in 2010-2012. Using the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method, serum samples from elderly residents aged ≥60 years old were obtained from 34 metropolis and 41 middle-sized and small cities. Demographic data were collected using a questionnaire survey. The serum retinol concentration was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography...
February 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216856/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-implementing-the-integrated-care-plan-for-the-dying-in-the-indian-setting-survey-of-perspectives-of-indian-palliative-care-providers
#11
Naveen Salins, Jeremy Johnson, Stanley Macaden
INTRODUCTION: Capacity to provide end-of-life care in India is scored as 0.6/100, and very few people in India have access to palliative and end-of-life care. Lack of end-of-life care provision in India has led to a significant number of people receiving inappropriate medical treatment at the end of life, with no access to pain and symptom control and high treatment costs. The International Collaborative for the Best Care for the Dying Person is an initiative that offers the opportunity to apply international evidence on the key factors required to provide best care for the dying in the Indian context...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196791/use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-among-older-people-with-and-without-frailty-a-population-based-survey
#12
Niina Susanna Keränen, Maarit Kangas, Milla Immonen, Heidi Similä, Heidi Enwald, Raija Korpelainen, Timo Jämsä
BACKGROUND: Use of information and communication technologies (ICT) among seniors is increasing; however, studies on the use of ICT by seniors at the highest risk of health impairment are lacking. Frail and prefrail seniors are a group that would likely benefit from preventive nutrition and exercise interventions, both of which can take advantage of ICT. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to quantify the differences in ICT use, attitudes, and reasons for nonuse among physically frail, prefrail, and nonfrail home-dwelling seniors...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095099/efficacy-of-an-exercise-and-nutritional-supplement-program-on-physical-performance-and-nutritional-status-in-older-adults-with-mobility-limitations-residing-at-senior-living-facilities
#13
Michael P Corcoran, Miriam E Nelson, Jennifer M Sacheck, Kieran F Reid, Dylan Kirn, Roger A Fielding, Kenneth K H Chui, Sara C Folta
This cluster-randomized trial was designed to determine the efficacy of a 6-month exercise-nutritional supplement program (ENP) on physical function and nutritional status for older adults and the feasibility of implementing this program in a senior living setting. Twenty senior living facilities were randomized to either a three day per week group-based ENP led by a trained facility staff member or a health education program (SAP). Participants (N=121) completed a short physical performance battery, 400 meter walk, handgrip strength test, and mini-nutrition assessment...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057108/-nutritional-status-and-influence-of-vitamin-d-among-chinese-lactating-women-in-2013
#14
X H Pang, Z Y Yang, J Wang, Y F Duan, L Y Zhao, S A Yin, J Q Lai
Objective: To analyze serum vitamin D levels in Chinese lactating women, in 2013, and to evaluate their vitamin D nutritional status and influencing factors. Methods: Data were from the Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2013. Using the multistage stratified cluster sampling method, serum samples from lactating women, at 0-24 months postpartum, were obtained from 55 sites in 30 provinces of China, excluding the Tibet Autonomous Region. The concentration of serum vitamin D was determined by mass spectroscopy...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057106/-dietary-intake-status-of-chinese-lactating-women-during-the-first-month-postpartum-in-2013
#15
Y F Duan, S Jiang, J Wang, L Y Zhao, X H Pang, Y Bi, S A Yin, Z Y Yang
Objective: To assess the dietary intake status of Chinese lactating women during the first month postpartum. Methods: Data were extracted from Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance, children aged 0-5 years and lactating women (2013). A total of 55 counties from 30 provinces in China (excluding the Tibet Autonomous Region) were selected using a multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method. A group of 3 623 lactating women, at 1-6 months after delivery, were investigated in the study...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050995/anaemia-in-adolescent-girls-an-intervention-of-diet-editing-and-counselling
#16
Andezhath K Susheela, Rashmi Gupta, Nisith K Mondal
BACKGROUND: Though a major public health problem of nutritional anaemia in schoolchildren is being addressed by iron supplementation and/or fortified food, they continue to be anaemic. We aimed to study the effect of fluoride consumption on haemoglobin levels and whether elimination of fluoride from the diet would correct anaemia in children. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty adolescent girls, 10-17 years of age, from a government senior secondary girls school in East Delhi, participated in the programme...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038676/health-care-professionals-experience-understanding-and-perception-of-need-of-advanced-cancer-patients-with-cachexia-and-their-families-the-benefits-of-a-dedicated-clinic
#17
David Scott, Joanne Reid, Peter Hudson, Peter Martin, Sam Porter
BACKGROUND: Cachexia is defined as the on-going loss of skeletal muscle mass that cannot be fully reversed by conventional nutritional support. It is found in up to 80% of patients with advanced cancer and has profound psycho-social consequences for patients and their families. Previous studies demonstrate that many healthcare professionals receive little formal education in cachexia management leading them to feel that they have limited understanding of the syndrome and cannot intervene effectively...
December 30, 2016: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034740/the-role-of-food-shopping-in-later-life
#18
Simone Pettigrew, Caitlin Worrall, Nicole Biagioni, Zenobia Talati, Michelle Jongenelis
By the time they reach retirement, individuals are typically highly experienced in sourcing food products and they have strong familiarity with food retailing environments. To investigate the ongoing role of food shopping in later life, the present study explored seniors' attitudes to food shopping and their food-selection behaviours through the lens of their broader lifestyles. The aim was to provide insights of relevance to the development of future efforts to optimise seniors' food shopping experiences and nutrition-related outcomes...
December 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030460/health-care-professionals-usage-and-documentation-of-a-swedish-quality-registry-regarding-preventive-nutritional-care
#19
Linda Johansson, Helle Wijk, Lennart Christensson
OBJECTIVES: To describe health care staff members' usage and documentation in a Swedish quality registry focusing on a preventive care process regarding the risk area of malnutrition among persons with dementia. The preventive care process includes risk assessment, analysis of underlying causes, planning and performing interventions, as well as evaluating effects. METHODS: Data were collected from 2 Swedish quality registries, Senior Alert and the Swedish Dementia Register (Svedem)...
January 2017: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006961/key-informants-perceptions-on-the-implementation-of-a-national-program-for-improving-nutritional-status-of-children-in-iran
#20
Delaram Ghodsi, Nasrin Omidvar, Arash Rashidian, Hossein Raghfar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Marziyeh Ebrahimi
INTRODUCTION: Childhood malnutrition is a major public health issue. Multidisciplinary approach for Improvement of Nutritional Status of Children in Iran was implemented in order to reduce malnutrition among children. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the implementation aspect of the program and to explore key informants' perceptions and experience regarding the factors affected its implementation. METHODS: Data were collected through the review of secondary data and semistructured interviews at national, province, and local levels...
January 1, 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
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