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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340964/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-as-a-simple-tool-for-assessment-of-malnutrition-among-geriatrics-in-northwest-of-iran-comparison-with-mini-nutritional-assessment
#1
Maryam Saghafi-Asl, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Nahid Karamzad, Lida Daeiefarshbaf, Parinaz Kalejahi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi
BACKGROUND: Older people are more likely to develop nutritional problems and timely diagnosis of malnutrition is crucial to prevent hazardous consequences following poor nutrition. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status among non-hospitalized elderly, compared to mini nutritional assessment (MNA) among Iranian seniors. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four subjects, aged ≥ 65 years old were recruited to our cross-sectional study from various districts of Tabriz (Tabriz, Iran)...
January 16, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325666/examining-internet-access-and-social-media-application-use-for-online-nutrition-education-in%C3%A2-snap-ed-participants-in-rural-illinois
#2
Emily Loehmer, Sylvia Smith, Jennifer McCaffrey, Jeremy Davis
OBJECTIVE: To examine Internet access and interest in receiving nutrition education via social media applications among low-income adults participating in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed during 25 SNAP-Ed classes throughout the 16 southernmost counties of Illinois. RESULTS: From 188 responses, the majority of participants had Internet access (76%). Among participants aged 18-32 years (n = 51), 92% owned a smartphone with Internet access and 57% indicated that they would use online nutrition education, with most interest in e-mail (41%), Facebook (40%), and text messaging (35%)...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323862/healthy-food-procurement-and-nutrition-standards-in-public-facilities-evidence-synthesis-and-consensus-policy-recommendations
#3
Kim D Raine, Kayla Atkey, Dana Lee Olstad, Alexa R Ferdinands, Dominique Beaulieu, Susan Buhler, Norm Campbell, Brian Cook, Mary L'Abbé, Ashley Lederer, David Mowat, Joshna Maharaj, Candace Nykiforuk, Jacob Shelley, Jacqueline Street
INTRODUCTION: Unhealthy foods are widely available in public settings across Canada, contributing to diet-related chronic diseases, such as obesity. This is a concern given that public facilities often provide a significant amount of food for consumption by vulnerable groups, including children and seniors. Healthy food procurement policies, which support procuring, distributing, selling, and/or serving healthier foods, have recently emerged as a promising strategy to counter this public health issue by increasing access to healthier foods...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275317/totally-implantable-central-venous-port-catheters-radiation-exposure-as-a-function-of-puncture-site-and-operator-experience
#4
Martin Jonczyk, Bernhard Gebauer, Roman Rotzinger, Dirk Schnapauff, Bernd Hamm, Federico Collettini
BACKGROUND: Totally implantable central venous port systems provide a safe and effective, long-term means of access for administration of hyperosmolar, local irritant medication, such as chemotherapy, antibiotics and parenteral nutrition. AIM: To evaluate the combination of access site and level of experience on fluoroscopy times (FT) and dose area products (DAP) during implantation of port catheters in a large patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,870 patients (992 women, 878 men; age: 61±13...
January 2018: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248435/delphi-consensus-of-an-expert-committee-in-oncogeriatrics-regarding-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-seniors-with-cancer-in-spain
#5
Maria-Jose Molina-Garrido, Carmen Guillén-Ponce, Remei Blanco, Juana Saldaña, Jaime Feliú, Maite Antonio, Rosa López-Mongil, Primitivo Ramos Cordero, Regina Gironés
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to reach a national consensus in Spain regarding the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) domains in older oncological patients and the CGA scales to be used as a foundation for widespread use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Delphi method was implemented to attain consensus. Representatives of the panel were chosen from among the members of the Oncogeriatric Working Group of the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM). Consensus was defined as ≥66...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226770/an-unexpected-image-on-a-chest-radiograph
#6
Dogus Hemsinli, Hasan Mutlu, Gokalp Altun, Zerrin Pulathan, Ahmet C Ozdemir
Introduction Central venous catheterisation is an essential component of patient care in hospital. A forgotten complete guide-wire is a rare complication, although the reported incidence has increased rapidly over the last decade. Case report We report a 72-year-old man with a complete guide-wire inadvertently overlooked during catheter insertion. A central venous catheter had been inserted for total parental nutrition during treatment for pancreatitis. Five years later, the patient was readmitted with a painful lesion on his neck and the sensation of a sharp object under his skin...
November 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226455/perceptions-of-oral-health-among-older-cambodians-and-their-caregivers-a-qualitative-study
#7
Rithvitou Horn, Chanlay Heng, Chamrouen Chea, Chanthyda Sieng, Chenlay Louv, Bathsheba Turton, Callum Durward, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
OBJECTIVE: Older adults (those above the age of 60) are an emerging demographic in Cambodia, and very little is understood about their oral health experiences, needs, perceptions and behaviours. The aim of this study was to explore the oral health experiences, practices and perceptions of a convenience sample of a small but diverse group of older adults in Cambodia. METHOD: A cross-sectional qualitative study in which focus group interviews were conducted by 5 trained senior Cambodian dental students...
December 11, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225314/validity-and-reliability-of-a-general-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-for-japanese-adults
#8
Mai Matsumoto, Rie Tanaka, Shinji Ikemoto
Nutrition knowledge is necessary for individuals to adopt appropriate dietary habits, and needs to be evaluated before nutrition education is provided. However, there is no tool to assess general nutrition knowledge of adults in Japan. Our aims were to determine the validity and reliability of a general nutrition knowledge questionnaire for Japanese adults. We developed the pilot version of the Japanese general nutrition knowledge questionnaire (JGNKQ) and administered the pilot study to assess content validity and internal reliability to 1,182 Japanese adults aged 18-64 y...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206731/enteral-feeding-practices-in-infants-with-congenital-heart-disease-across-european-picus-a-european-society-of-pediatric-and-neonatal-intensive-care-survey
#9
Lyvonne N Tume, Reinis Balmaks, Eduardo da Cruz, Lynne Latten, Sascha Verbruggen, Frédéric V Valla
OBJECTIVES: To describe enteral feeding practices in pre and postoperative infants with congenital heart disease in European PICUs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey. SETTING: European PICUs that admit infants with congenital heart disease pre- and postoperatively. PARTICIPANTS: One senior PICU physician or designated person per unit. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Fifty-nine PICUs from 18 European countries responded to the survey...
December 4, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206197/associations-between-urinary-phthalate-metabolites-and-serum-anti-m%C3%A3-ller-hormone-levels-in-u-s-men-based-on-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2004
#10
Ningning Li, Yaqi Li, Hao Meng, Hanqing Sun, Di Wu
Anti-Müller hormone (AMH) plays an important role in reproductive development and has a wide potential clinical application value. Phthalates have been widely found in human living environment and have negative effects on human reproduction. This study aimed to explore the relationship between urinary phthalate metabolites and serum AMH level in the general male population. Cross-sectional analyses were performed with a population of 489 men aged more than 12 years who participated in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2004 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the United States...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188596/observed-differentials-in-the-levels-of-selected-environmental-contaminants-among-mexican-and-other-hispanic-american-children-adolescents-adults-and-senior-citizens
#11
Ram B Jain
Starting with the 2007-2008 cycle, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) also oversampled Hispanics other than Mexicans (OHISP) making it possible to treat OHISP as a separate demographic group along with Mexican Americans (MAs), non-Hispanic whites (NHWs), and non-Hispanic blacks (NHBs). Yet, more often than not, OHISP have been merged with MA to form an all-Hispanic demographic group (HISP) thus limiting comparisons between NHW, NHB, and HISP. Consequently, for the first time, this study was undertaken to evaluate differences in the observed levels of selected environmental contaminants between MA and OHISP from five groups of environmental contaminants, namely, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), iodine uptake inhibitors (IUIs), environmental phenols (EPHs), priority pesticides (PPs), and perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs)...
November 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178238/intergenerational-effects-of-nutrition-on-immunity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Catherine E Grueber, Lindsey J Gray, Katrina M Morris, Stephen J Simpson, Alistair M Senior
Diet and immunity are both highly complex processes through which organisms interact with their environment and adapt to variable conditions. Parents that are able to transmit information to their offspring about prevailing environmental conditions have a selective advantage by 'priming' the physiology of their offspring. We used a meta-analytic approach to test the effect of parental diet on offspring immune responses. Using the geometric framework for nutrition (a method for analysing diet compositions wherein food nutrient components are expressed as axes in a Cartesian coordinate space) to define dietary manipulations in terms of their energy and macronutrient compositions, we compiled the results of 226 experiments from 38 published papers on the intergenerational effects of diet on immunity, across a range of study species and immunological responses...
November 27, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130589/australia-s-health-star-rating-policy-process-lessons-for-global-policy-making-in-front-of-pack-nutrition-labelling
#13
Medha Kumar, Deborah Gleeson, Simon Barraclough
AIM: This study explored factors that shaped the development of Australia's Health Star Rating system for front-of-pack labelling (FoPL) on packaged foods and whether insights could be drawn from this experience to inform the development of global FoPL standards. METHODS: Ten individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with public health or consumer advocates, academics in the field of nutrition labelling and policy, a food industry employee, and Australian public servants...
November 12, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120385/hospital-audit-as-a-useful-tool-in-the-process-of-introducing-falsified-medicines-directive-fmd-into-hospital-pharmacy-settings-a-pilot-study
#14
Urszula Religioni, Damian Swieczkowski, Anna Gawrońska, Anna Kowalczuk, Mariola Drozd, Mikołaj Zerhau, Dariusz Smoliński, Stanisław Radomiński, Natalia Cwalina, David Brindley, Miłosz J Jaguszewski, Piotr Merks
BACKGROUND: Recently, the European Union has introduced the Falsified Medicines Directive (FMD). Additionally, in early 2016, a Delegated Act (DA) related to the FMD was published. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of external audits in the context of implementing new regulations provided by the FMD in the secondary care environment. METHODS: The external, in-person workflow audits were performed by an authentication company in three Polish hospital pharmacies...
November 9, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106554/active-and-healthy-lifestyle-nationwide-programs-in-israeli-schools
#15
Sima Zach, Varda Inglis, Aviva Zeev, Michal Arnon, Yael Netz
The World Health Organization (WHO) announced the 'Global School Health Initiative' in 1995 following recommendations formulated in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Hence, the aims of the present study were to describe the various programs for nurturing an active and healthy lifestyle implemented during 2011-12 in schools in Israel, and to identify variables that may explain the success versus lack of success in implementing these programs. Participants were a nationwide representative sample of 126 school principals from six supervisory districts of the Ministry of Education, including six sectors, from the elementary, junior-high and senior-high school levels...
July 3, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095007/-influence-of-habitual-chocolate-consumption-over-the-mini-mental-state-examination-in-spanish-older-adults
#16
Edilbeto Orozco Arbelaez, José Ramón Banegas, Fernando Rodríguez Artalejo, Esther López García
BACKGROUND: There are associations described between dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and foods with a high content of polyphenols. OBJECTIVE: To assess the infl uence of habitual chocolate consumption over the MMSE in Spanish older adults. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional study, using data of the follow-up of the Seniors-Study on Nutrition and Cardiovascular Risk in Spain (ENRICA) cohort. Habitual chocolate consumption in the last year was assessed with a computerized dietary history; differences between dark chocolate and milk chocolate were recorded...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083448/quality-indicators-of-nutritional-care-practice-in-elderly-care
#17
M Skinnars Josefsson, M Nydahl, I Persson, Y Mattsson Sydner
OBJECTIVES: The aim is to explore the effects of antecedent, structural and process quality indicators of nutritional care practice on meal satisfaction and screened nutritional status among older adults in residential care homes. DESIGN: Data for this Swedish cross-sectional study regarding older adults living in residential care homes were collected by i) a national questionnaire, ii) records from the quality registry Senior Alert, iii) data from an Open Comparison survey of elderly care in 2013/2014...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076209/oral-health-matters-for-the-nutritional-status-of-older-persons-a-population-based-study
#18
Ulrika Lindmark, Henrik Jansson, Christina Lannering, Linda Johansson
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the association between oral health and nutritional status in the context of daily care for older people. BACKGROUND: Oral problems often increase with age and affect a person's ability to chew and swallow. They might also influence the ability to maintain a satisfactory nutritional status. Oral health awareness is therefore of great importance in nursing care for older people. METHODS: Data from the Swedish quality register, Senior Alert, were used, including structured assessments of both oral and nutritional status using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide - Jönköping (ROAG-J) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055217/trends-in-and-factors-affecting-the-observed-levels-of-urinary-inorganic-and-total-blood-mercury-among-us-children-adolescents-adults-and-senior-citizens-over-2005-2012
#19
Ram B Jain
Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2005-2012 were used to (i) study adjusted and unadjusted trends in the levels of urinary inorganic mercury (UIHG) and total blood mercury (TBHG) and (ii) factors that affect the observed levels of UIHG and TBHG among children aged 1-5 (CHLD15) and 6-11 (CHLD611) years, adolescents aged 12-19 years (ADOL), adults aged 20-64 years (ADLT), and senior citizens aged >=65 years (SNR). Decrease in adjusted levels of UIHG for each 2-year NHANES cycle for CHLD611 was 0...
September 6, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053531/nursing-student-collaborative-with-meals-on-wheels-home-visits-for-at-risk-senior-adults
#20
Susan Campbell, Jill M Berg
Nursing students at Washington State University Tri-Cities Campus are taking part in a program to provide care for homebound senior adults enrolled in home delivery meal services. Students perform home safety, functional, and cognitive assessments while learning the challenges of meeting nutritional needs of an at-risk senior adult population. This article outlines the program and its outcomes after two years of collaboration. Meals on Wheels is identified as an innovative placement for meeting nursing program outcomes and clinical practice hours...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
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