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Senior nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720241/the-physician-nurse-collaboration-in-feeding-critically-ill-patients-a-multicenter-survey
#1
Binbin Mei, Wenting Wang, Meifen Shen, Feifei Cui, Zunjia Wen, Jianping Ding
AIMS: Describe physician-nurse collaboration in feeding critically ill patients and explore the influence factors related to this collaboration, which can provide information for clinical practice and future studies. BACKGROUND: Appropriate nutrition support is essential and significant for critically ill patients, and the importance of physician-nurse collaboration in other fields has been confirmed, yet there are limited studies put insights into the status of physician-nurse collaboration in feeding critically ill patients...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688369/evaluation-of-diet-quality-of-the-elderly-and-associated-factors
#2
Dalila Pinto de Souza Fernandes, Maria Sônia Lopes Duarte, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest healthy dietary patterns are associated with risk reduction and better control of various chronic diseases. However, few Brazilian studies have focused on evaluating the quality of the elderly diet and its relationship with diseases. This study aimed to estimate the association between diet quality and socioeconomic factors, health and nutrition of the elderly. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study whose target population were non-institutionalized elderly residents in the city of Viçosa, Brazil...
September 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673915/collective-foraging-in-spatially-complex-nutritional-environments
#3
Mathieu Lihoreau, Michael A Charleston, Alistair M Senior, Fiona J Clissold, David Raubenheimer, Stephen J Simpson, Jerome Buhl
Nutrition impinges on virtually all aspects of an animal's life, including social interactions. Recent advances in nutritional ecology show how social animals often trade-off individual nutrition and group cohesion when foraging in simplified experimental environments. Here, we explore how the spatial structure of the nutritional landscape influences these complex collective foraging dynamics in ecologically realistic environments. We introduce an individual-based model integrating key concepts of nutritional geometry, collective animal behaviour and spatial ecology to study the nutritional behaviour of animal groups in large heterogeneous environments containing foods with different abundance, patchiness and nutritional composition...
August 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659877/dynamic-acquisition-and-loss-of-dual-obligate-symbionts-in-the-plant-sap-feeding-adelgidae-hemiptera-sternorrhyncha-aphidoidea
#4
Carol D von Dohlen, Usha Spaulding, Kistie B Patch, Kathryn M Weglarz, Robert G Foottit, Nathan P Havill, Gaelen R Burke
Sap-sucking insects typically engage in obligate relationships with symbiotic bacteria that play nutritional roles in synthesizing nutrients unavailable or in scarce supply from the plant-sap diets of their hosts. Adelgids are sap-sucking insects with complex life cycles that involve alternation between conifer tree species. While all adelgid species feed on spruce during the sexual phase of their life cycle, each adelgid species belongs to a major lineage that feeds on a distinct genus of conifers as their alternate host...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640724/enteral-feeding-for-nutritional-support-in-critically-ill-patients
#5
Omorogieva Ojo
Omorogieva Ojo, Senior Lecturer in Primary Care at the University of Greenwich, O.Ojo@greenwich.ac.uk , highlights key recommendations on enteral nutrition for patients in critical care.
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610758/the-everyday-food-practices-of-community-dwelling-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-older-adults
#6
Nevin Cohen, Kristen Cribbs
Malnutrition during old age is a significant public health issue. Prevailing behavioral and structural senior malnutrition interventions have had marginal success, largely failing to reflect the realities of people's daily lives. This novel study employed Social Practice Theory (SPT) to explore the food practices of an under-researched, yet highly vulnerable, segment of the older adult population-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) seniors. Four focus groups were conducted with 31 older adult clients and volunteers at a national LGBT social service and advocacy organization...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608513/out-of-office-hours-elective-surgical-intensive-care-admissions-and-their-associated-complications
#7
David J R Morgan, Kwok Ming Ho, Yang Jian Ong, Marlene L Kolybaba
BACKGROUND: The 'weekend' effect is a controversial theory that links reduced staffing levels, staffing seniority and supportive services at hospitals during 'out-of-office hours' time periods with worsening patient outcomes. It is uncertain whether admitting elective surgery patients to intensive care units (ICU) during 'out-of-office hours' time periods mitigates this affect through higher staffing ratios and seniority. METHODS: Over a 3-year period in Western Australia's largest private hospital, this retrospective nested-cohort study compared all elective surgical patients admitted to the ICU based on whether their admission occurred 'in-office hours' (Monday-Friday 08...
June 12, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595795/relationship-between-arsenic-and-selenium-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-inorganic-arsenic
#8
Beata Janasik, Anna Zawisza, Beata Malachowska, Wojciech Fendler, Magdalena Stanislawska, Renata Kuras, Wojciech Wasowicz
The interaction between arsenic (As) and selenium (Se) has been one of the most extensively studied. The antagonism between As and Se suggests that low Se status plays an important role in aggravating arsenic toxicity in diseases development. The objective of this study was to assess the Se contents in biological samples of inorganic As exposed workers (n=61) and in non-exposed subjects (n=52). Median (Me) total arsenic concentration in urine of exposed workers was 21.83μg/g creat. (interquartile range (IQR) 15...
July 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537341/no-associations-of-25-hydroxycholecalciferol-and-parathyroid-hormone-concentrations-with-calcaneal-bone-characteristics-in-community-dwelling-elderly-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
A Jungert, M Neuhäuser-Berthold
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol [25(OH)D3] and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentrations with bone status parameters in elderly subjects. DESIGN/SETTING: Cross-sectional data based on the follow-up 2008 of the longitudinal study on nutrition and health status of senior citizens in Giessen, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-eight independently living subjects aged 66-96 years. MEASUREMENTS: Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D3, iPTH, N-terminal propeptide of type 1 collagen (P1NP) and activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were assessed...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498237/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-advanced-ovarian-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-interventions-trialed
#10
Kristina Lindemann, Peey-Sei Kok, Martin Stockler, Ken Jaaback, Alison Brand
OBJECTIVES: We sought to summarize the evidence for interventions aiming at enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in ovarian cancer through a systematic review. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library for studies testing ERAS interventions in patients undergoing surgery for ovarian cancer. Study selection and data extraction were done independently by 2 reviewers with disagreements resolved by discussion with a senior, third reviewer. RESULTS: We identified 25 studies including 1648 participants with ovarian cancer...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476322/factors-associated-with-effective-nutrition-interventions-for-pregnant-indigenous-women-a-systematic-review
#11
Amy M Ashman, Leanne J Brown, Clare E Collins, Megan E Rollo, Kym M Rae
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous people continue to experience health disparities relative to non-Indigenous populations. Interventions to improve nutrition during pregnancy in these groups may improve health outcomes for mothers and their infants. The effectiveness of existing nutrition intervention programs has not been reviewed previously. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to identify interventions targeting improving nutrition-related outcomes for pregnant Indigenous women residing in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, and to identify positive factors contributing to successful programs...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#12
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402217/the-dash-pilot-project-developing-community-based-nutrition-education-for-older-adults
#13
Jan M Ivery, Liza Benton, Ashley Harrison, Melissa Paul, Marielysse Cortés
Nutrition-related chronic health conditions among older adults are a growing concern. In this study, nutrition education materials were created for use in senior centers by graduate nutrition students. After the materials were presented, focus groups were conducted with participants (n = 62) to obtain feedback on the content and presentation. Findings related to the participant's knowledge of nutrition-related information, strategies to improve future class sessions, and participant recruitment will be discussed...
May 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384270/the-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-high-risk-alcohol-consumption-in-korean-adults-the-2009-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#14
Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: The consequences of alcohol consumption on health outcomes are largely determined by two separate, but related, dimensions of drinking: the total volume of alcohol consumed and the pattern of drinking. Most epidemiological studies focus on the amount of alcohol consumed and do not consider the pattern of drinking. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the prevalence of and factors associated with high-risk and heavy alcohol drinking in Korean adults. METHODS: This study analyzed 15,215 of the 28,009 participants in the 2009-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340696/comments-on-the-history-of-medical-biological-studies-of-aging-the-birth-of-scientific-gerontology
#15
L Robert, J Labat-Robert
Recent books (Immunity. How Elie Metchnikoff changed the course of modern medicine and Expectations of Life) reviewed the important contribution of Metchnikoff to the emergence of gerontology as a new branch of biomedical sciences. Here, we insist on Metchnikoff's contribution and pivotal role in the emergence of nutrition as a science and its importance for health and longevity. The discovery of phagocytosis by Metchnikoff and of its evolutionary ancestry are at the origin of the emergence of cellular immunity as an independent science besides humoral immunity...
January 2017: Current Research in Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329809/mediterranean-dietary-patterns-and-impaired-physical-function-in-older-adults
#16
Ellen A Struijk, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther López-García
Background: Information about nutritional risk factors of functional limitation is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the Mediterranean diet and risk of physical function impairment in older adults. Methods: We used data from 1,630 participants in the Seniors-ENRICA cohort aged ≥60 years. In 2008-2010, adherence to the Mediterranean diet pattern was measured with the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) and the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS)...
October 19, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315779/energy-and-macronutrient-intake-over-the-course-of-the-day-of-german-adults-a-dedipac-study
#17
Friederike Wittig, Eva Hummel, Germaine Wenzler, Thorsten Heuer
The aim of the study was to analyze the energy and macronutrient intake over the course of the day of selected population groups in Germany defined by sex, age, BMI, SES, and diet quality. The study was based on food consumption data from the German National Nutrition Survey II (2005-2007) assessed by two 4-day dietary weighing records of 662 women and men aged between 18 and 80 years. Energy and macronutrient intake were calculated using the German Nutrient Database 3.02 and summarized for the periods 'morning', 'midday', 'afternoon', 'evening', and 'night'...
March 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298596/dietary-restriction-increases-variability-in-longevity
#18
A M Senior, S Nakagawa, D Raubenheimer, S J Simpson, D W A Noble
Nutritional environments, particularly those experienced during early life, are hypothesized to affect longevity. A recent cross-taxa meta-analysis found that, depending upon circumstance, average longevity may be increased or decreased by early-life dietary restriction. Unstudied are the effects of diet during development on among-individual variance in longevity. Here, we address this issue using emerging methods for meta-analysis of variance. We found that, in general, standard deviation (s.d.) in longevity is around 8% higher under early-life dietary restriction than a standard diet...
March 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288956/home-based-intervention-program-to-reduce-food-insecurity-in-elderly-populations-using-a-tv-app-study-protocol-of-the-randomized-controlled-trial-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-come-senior
#19
Ana Maria Rodrigues, Maria João Gregório, Pierre Gein, Mónica Eusébio, Maria José Santos, Rute Dinis de Sousa, Pedro S Coelho, Jorge M Mendes, Pedro Graça, Pedro Oliveira, Jaime C Branco, Helena Canhão
BACKGROUND: The limited or uncertain access to adequate food in elderly people includes not only economic restrictions but also inability of food utilization due to functional or cognitive impairment, health problems, and illiteracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work is to present the protocol of the randomized controlled trial Saúde.Come Senior, an educational and motivational television (TV)-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyles and decrease food insecurity in elderly people...
March 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271967/community-food-environments-and-healthy-food-access-among-older-adults-a-review-of-the-evidence-for-the-senior-farmers-market-nutrition-program-sfmnp
#20
Kellie O'Dare Wilson
Although an array of federal, state, and local programs exist that target food insecurity and the specific nutritional needs of seniors, food insecurity among older adults in the United States remains a persistent problem, particularly in minority and rural populations. Food insecurity is highly predictive of inadequate fresh fruit and vegetable (FFV) consumption in particular. The Senior Farmers' Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP) is a community-based program to help seniors purchase FFVs at farmer's markets in their neighborhoods...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
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