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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095818/when-parents-won-t-vaccinate-their-children-a-qualitative-investigation-of-australian-primary-care-providers-experiences
#1
Nina J Berry, Alexandra Henry, Margie Danchin, Lyndal J Trevena, Harold W Willaby, Julie Leask
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, the experiences and perceptions of parents who decline vaccination are the subject of investigation. However, the experiences of clinicians who encounter these parents in the course of their work has received little academic attention to date. This study aimed to understand the challenges faced and strategies used when general practitioners and immunising nurses encounter parents who choose not to vaccinate their children. METHODS: Primary care providers were recruited from regions identified through the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register (ACIR) as having higher than national average rates of registered objection to childhood vaccination...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095726/male-professional-footballers-experiences-of-mental-health-difficulties-and-help-seeking
#2
Susan Wood, Lesley K Harrison, Jo Kucharska
OBJECTIVES: Male professional footballers (Soccer) represent an at-risk population of developing mental health difficulties and not accessing professional support. One in four current footballers report mental health difficulties. Higher prevalence is reported after retirement. This qualitative study aimed to provide in-depth insight into male professional footballers' lived experiences of mental health difficulties and help-seeking. METHODS: Seven participants were interviewed...
January 18, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088845/-%C3%A2-it-shows-that-there-s-no-limits-the-psychological-impact-of-co-production-for-experts-by-experience-working-in-youth-mental-health
#3
Claire Mayer, Karen McKenzie
Co-production is commonly conceptualised as a more equal sharing of power and decision-making between a dichotomy of service user and service provider, each bringing valuable and different assets to the process. 'Experts by experience' lie in the overlap between this conceptually created duality, providing the services they now do by virtue of having once used services themselves. Previous related studies suggest that their involvement in co-production could impact positively on their social capital, self-esteem, self-efficacy and life skills...
January 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081569/gender-incongruence-of-childhood-clinical-utility-and-stakeholder-agreement-with-the-world-health-organization-s-proposed-icd-11-criteria
#4
Titia F Beek, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Walter P Bouman, Annelou L C de Vries, Thomas D Steensma, Gemma L Witcomb, Jon Arcelus, Christina Richards, Griet De Cuypere, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
The World Health Organization (WHO) is revising the tenth version of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10). This includes a reconceptualization of the definition and positioning of Gender Incongruence of Childhood (GIC). This study aimed to: 1) collect the views of transgender individuals and professionals regarding the retention of the diagnosis; 2) see if the proposed GIC criteria were acceptable to transgender individuals and health care providers; 3) compare results between two countries with two different healthcare systems to see if these differences influence opinions regarding the GIC diagnosis; and 4) determine whether healthcare providers from high-income countries feel that the proposed criteria are clinically useful and easy to use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075699/outcome-and-impact-evaluation-of-a-transgender-health-course-for-health-profession-students
#5
Hannan M Braun, Ilana R Garcia-Grossman, Andrea Quiñones-Rivera, Madeline B Deutsch
PURPOSE: Being transgender is associated with numerous health disparities, and transgender individuals face mistreatment and discrimination in healthcare settings. At the same time, healthcare professionals report inadequate preparation to care for transgender people, and patients often have to teach their own medical providers about transgender care. Our study aimed to evaluate the impact of an elective course for health profession students in transgender health that was implemented to address these gaps in provider knowledge...
January 11, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071806/gps-perspectives-on-prescribing-for-older-people-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#6
David O Riordan, Stephen Byrne, Aoife Fleming, Patricia M Kearney, Rose Galvin, Carol Sinnott
AIMS: The aim of this study was firstly to reveal the determinants of GP prescribing behaviour for older adults in primary care and secondly to elicit GPs' views on the potential role for broad intervention strategies involving pharmacists and/or information technology systems in general practice. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were carried out with a purposive sample of GPs. Three multidisciplinary researchers independently coded the interview data using a framework approach...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070543/data-to-inform-a-social-media-component-for-professional-development-and-practices-a-design-based-research-study
#7
Jeanette Novakovich, Steven Shaw, Sophia Miah
This DIB article includes the course artefacts, instruments, survey data, and descriptive statistics, along with in-depth correlational analysis for the first iteration of a design-based research study on designing curriculum for developing online professional identity and social media practices for a multi-major advanced professional writing course. Raw data was entered into SPSS software. For interpretation and discussion, please see the original article entitled, "Designing curriculum to shape professional social media skills and identity in virtual communities of practice" (J...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068732/-concept-for-a-national-implant-registry-to-improve-patient-safety
#8
L Prantl, U von Fritschen, J Liebau, J von Hassel, E M Baur, P M Vogt, R E Giunta, R E Horch
Since the introduction of silicone implants, several events have led to considerable uncertainty among the patients, public, and users. So far, however, the necessary steps to significantly improving patient safety have not been taken in any of these cases. Requiring stricter approvals for medical devices, improving monitoring by the regulatory authorities and the revision of the Medical Devices Directive are all initial steps in the right direction towards a change in policy, but are insufficient as an early warning system...
December 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067092/-its-all-part-of-the-big-change-a-grounded-theory-study-of-women-s-identity-during-menopause
#9
Judith Sergeant, Rosemary Rizq
This study explores the impact of menopause on women's identity and considers the effect of sociocultural factors on their experience of this stage of life. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 women and analysed following constructivist Grounded Theory methods. Women described uncertainty produced by their changing bodies. Menopause was interpreted as marking transition to another phase of life, which necessitated renegotiation of role and status in the face of menopause narratives questioning women's relevance, vigour, attractiveness and emotional stability...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065738/disability-identity-development-model-voices-from-the-ada-generation
#10
Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Marianne P Zape
BACKGROUND: For persons with disabilities, 2015 was a historic year, marking the 25th anniversary of the Americans with Disability Act (ADA) and the 40th anniversary of the passing of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). It is important to consider the effects of this fundamental shift towards equal opportunity and participation on persons with disabilities' identity development. In practice, however, there are few empirical studies that have looked at this phenomenon and even fewer models of disability identity development...
January 1, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060838/attitudes-and-readiness-of-students-of-healthcare-professions-towards-interprofessional-learning
#11
Mari Kannan Maharajan, Kingston Rajiah, Suan Phaik Khoo, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Ranjit De Alwis, Hui Cing Chui, Lui Lee Tan, Yee Ning Tan, Shin Yee Lau
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the attitudes and readiness of students of healthcare professions towards interprofessional learning. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study design was used. Two different scales were used to measure the readiness for and perception of interprofessional learning; these were the 'Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale' and the 'Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale'. A convenience sampling method was employed. The sample was drawn from undergraduate students enrolled in years 1 to 5 of medical, dental, pharmacy and health sciences programme...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056948/educating-for-interprofessional-practice-moving-from-knowing-to-being-is-it-the-final-piece-of-the-puzzle
#12
Helena Ward, Lyn Gum, Stacie Attrill, Donald Bramwell, Iris Lindemann, Sharon Lawn, Linda Sweet
BACKGROUND: Professional socialisation and identity arise from interactions occurring within university-based interprofessional education, and workplace-based interprofessional practice experience. However, it is unclear how closely language and concepts of academic learning situations align with workplace contexts for interprofessional learning. This paper reports on a study that brought together university-based educators responsible for teaching health professional students and health service-based practitioners who supervise students in the field...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050911/caring-for-elder-patients
#13
Karin Nordström, Tenzin Wangmo
BACKGROUND: Neglect and abuse of elders in care institutions is a recurring issue in the media. Elders in care institutions are vulnerable due to their physical, cognitive, and verbal limitations. Such vulnerabilities may make them more susceptible to mistreatment by caregivers on whom they are heavily dependent. OBJECTIVES: The goal was to understand caregivers' concerns about ensuring correct and proper treatment, as well as their experiences with neglect and abuse of older patients...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048993/-a-professional-identity-rooted-in-public-health
#14
REVIEW
Marie-Sophie Cherillat
Marie-Sophie Cherillat was trained by managers well versed in the issues surrounding public healthcare. She focuses her practice on the health determinants specific to each individual patient and is committed to therapeutic education.
January 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045276/evaluating-the-feature-comparison-strategy-for-forensic-face-identification
#15
Alice Towler, David White, Richard I Kemp
Face recognition is thought to rely on representations that encode holistic properties. Paradoxically, professional forensic examiners who identify unfamiliar faces by comparing facial images are trained to adopt a feature-by-feature comparison strategy. Here we tested the effectiveness of this strategy by asking participants to rate facial feature similarity prior to making same/different identity decisions to pairs of face images. Experiment 1 provided preliminary evidence that rating feature similarity improves unfamiliar face matching accuracy in novice participants...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044334/monitoring-the-anaesthetist-in-the-operating-theatre-professional-competence-and-patient-safety
#16
REVIEW
J Larsson
This article about competence and patient safety in anaesthesia was inspired by a statement in the 2015 AAGBI guidelines on monitoring during anaesthesia: 'the presence of an appropriately trained and experienced anaesthetist is important for patient safety during anaesthesia'. The review starts with a structured description of competence, presenting five dimensions of it; the first two dimensions are identical with the two classical attributes of competence, practical skills and theoretical knowledge. Concerning skills, the value of aiming for a high level of proficiency early in a traning programme is pointed out, and deliberate practice is given as an example of a pedagogical model where aiming for excellence is a core idea...
January 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033728/measuring-professional-identity-formation-early-in-medical-school
#17
Adina Kalet, Lynn Buckvar-Keltz, Victoria Harnik, Verna Monson, Steven Hubbard, Ruth Crowe, Hyuksoon S Song, Sandra Yingling
AIM: To assess the feasibility and utility of measuring baseline professional identity formation (PIF) in a theory-based professionalism curriculum for early medical students. METHODS: All 132 entering students completed the professional identity essay (PIE) and the defining issues test (DIT2). Students received score reports with individualized narrative feedback and wrote a structured reflection after a large-group session in which the PIF construct was reviewed...
December 30, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032364/possibility-and-agency-in-figured-worlds-becoming-a-good-doctor
#18
Deirdre Bennett, Yvette Solomon, Colm Bergin, Mary Horgan, Tim Dornan
CONTEXT: Figured Worlds is a socio-cultural theory drawing on Vygotskian and Bakhtinian traditions, which has been applied in research into the development of identities of both learners and teachers in the wider education literature. It is now being adopted in medical education. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to show what Figured Worlds can offer in medical education. Having explained some of its central tenets, we apply it to an important tension in our field...
December 29, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019141/drawing-on-healthcare-professionals-ethnicity-lessons-learned-from-a-danish-community-pharmacy-intervention-for-ethnic-minorities
#19
Anna Mygind, Lotte Stig Nørgaard, Janine M Traulsen, Mira El-Souri, Maria Kristiansen
AIMS: To present and discuss implementation experiences regarding the involvement of community pharmacists with ethnic minority backgrounds in a medication review intervention for ethnic minority poly-pharmacy patients in Denmark. METHODS: Data sources include 1) reflection notes from an introductory seminar with pharmacists and the cross-disciplinary research team and 2) five individual interviews and one focus group interview with pharmacists. Data were thematically coded and synthesised to identify underlying rationales and challenges encountered when involving professionals with ethnic minority backgrounds in interventions for ethnic minorities...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019136/causes-of-resident-lapses-in-professional-conduct-during-the-training-a-qualitative-study-on-the-perspectives-of-residents
#20
Hyung-Joo Chang, Young-Mee Lee, Young-Hee Lee, Hyo-Jin Kwon
BACKGROUND: The residency is a critical period for doctors to establish their professional identity and ethical standards, and yet during this time, residents are susceptible to engage in a diverse range of unprofessional behaviors. To prevent the misconduct of residents, it is critical to have a thorough understanding of the contributing factors or circumstances. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study on 20 residents at one Korean university-affiliated tertiary hospital...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
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