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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156087/fundamental-nursing-care-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-on-the-effect-of-nursing-care-interventions-for-nutrition-elimination-mobility-and-hygiene
#1
David A Richards, Angelique Hilli, Claire Pentecost, Victoria A Goodwin, Julia Frost
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of nursing interventions for people's nutrition, elimination, mobility and hygiene needs. BACKGROUND: Patient experience of health care is sensitive to nursing quality. A refocus on fundamental nursing care is undermined by lack of evidence of effectiveness for interventions in core areas such as elimination, nutrition, mobility and hygiene. DESIGN: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW: METHODS: We searched for and included experimental studies on interventions by professionally qualified and unregistered nurses that addressed participants' nutrition, elimination, mobility and hygiene needs...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140915/the-actual-versus-idealized-self-exploring-responses-to-feedback-about-implicit-bias-in-health-professionals
#2
Javeed Sukhera, Alexandra Milne, Pim W Teunissen, Lorelei Lingard, Chris Watling
PURPOSE: Implicit bias can adversely affect health disparities. The implicit association test (IAT) is a prompt to stimulate reflection; however, feedback about bias may trigger emotions that reduce the effectiveness of feedback interventions. Exploring how individuals process feedback about implicit bias may inform bias recognition and management curricula. The authors sought to explore how health professionals perceive the influence of the experience of taking the IAT and receiving their results...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140502/social-worker-identity-a-profession-in-context
#3
Brad Forenza, Caitlin Eckert
Social work is a broad field encompassing micro, mezzo, and macro areas of practice. Consequently, the field lacks a unifying professional identity due to the expansiveness of the profession. Professional identity is conceptualized as an extension of social identity, vis-à-vis the embodiment of three qualities: connectedness, expansiveness, and effectiveness. This study used 12 in-depth, individual interviews with practicing social workers to explore these qualities. Findings from interviews reveal six primary themes and 21 subthemes pertaining to social worker identity...
November 13, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132340/what-do-japanese-residents-learn-from-treating-dying-patients-the-implications-for-training-in-end-of-life-care
#4
Kazuko Arai, Takuya Saiki, Rintaro Imafuku, Chihiro Kawakami, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Yasuyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: How medical residents' experiences with care for dying patients affect their emotional well-being, their learning outcomes, and the formation of their professional identities is not fully understood. We examine residents' emotional states and learning occurring during the provision of care to dying patients and specifically discuss the impact of providing end-of-life (EOL) care on professional identity formation. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 residents who had graduated in the last 3 to 5 years...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132332/first-and-second-year-medical-students-identify-and-self-stereotype-more-as-doctors-than-as-students-a-questionnaire-study
#5
Bryan Burford, Harriet E S Rosenthal-Stott
BACKGROUND: The emergence of medical students' professional identity is important. This paper considers this in a snapshot of the early years of undergraduate medical education. From the perspective of social identity theory, it also considers self-stereotyping, the extent to which individuals associate with attributes identified as typical of groups. METHOD: Paper questionnaires were completed by first and second year medical students following teaching sessions at the beginning (October) and end (April) of the academic year...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131719/does-smile-intensity-in-photographs-really-predict-longevity-a-replication-and-extension-of-abel-and-kruger-2010
#6
Michael Dufner, Martin Brümmer, Joanne M Chung, Pia M Drewke, Christophe Blaison, Stefan C Schmukle
Abel and Kruger (2010) found that the smile intensity of professional baseball players who were active in 1952, as coded from photographs, predicted these players' longevity. In the current investigation, we sought to replicate this result and to extend the initial analyses. We analyzed (a) a sample that was almost identical to the one from Abel and Kruger's study using the same database and inclusion criteria ( N = 224), (b) a considerably larger nonoverlapping sample consisting of other players from the same cohort ( N = 527), and (c) all players in the database ( N = 13,530 valid cases)...
November 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130288/optimising-early-neonatal-nutrition-using-translational-research-methodology
#7
Denise Page, Melissa Gilroy, Elizabeth Hurrion, Lisa Clark, Shelley Wilkinson
AIM: Preterm birth has been described as a 'nutritional emergency', with these infants often born with minimal nutrition reserves. Failure to provide adequate early nutrition jeopardises growth and neurodevelopment. Consensual nutrition guidelines exist for infants who weigh <1500 g; however, audits have identified shortfalls in their adherence, consequently highlighting an evidence-practice gap. This work aimed to identify the barriers to the delivery of early optimal nutrition in a tertiary-level Neonatal Critical Care Unit to inform an implementation project to ensure best practice care...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125806/the-secret-of-intrafamilial-child-sexual-abuse-who-keeps-it-and-how
#8
Dafna Tener
This article analyzes how women survivors of intrafamilial child sexual abuse perceive the family members who took part in keeping it secret and their tactics for doing so. Analysis of 20 in-depth interviews with Jewish Israeli women revealed unique ways of guarding the secret. These were attributed to the perpetrator, the mother and the family. Secret-keeping tactics included presenting a normative public identity or an unstable psychological identity, presenting multiple personas, reframing the abuse, concealing any trace of the secret after it was disclosed, as if the abuse had never happened, and making a monument of the abuser...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123559/factors-associated-with-success-in-the-oral-part-of-the-european-diploma-in-intensive-care
#9
Petr Waldauf, Francesca Rubulotta, Christian Sitzwohl, Paul Elbers, Armand Girbes, Rajnish Saha, Brian Marsh, Ravindra Kumar, Marco Maggiorini, František Duška
Introduction: The oral part of European Diploma in Intensive Care diploma examinations changed in 2013 into an objective structured clinical examination-type exam. This step was undertaken to provide a fair and reproducible clinical exam. All candidates face identical questions with predefined correct answers simultaneously in seven high throughput exam centres on the same day. We describe the factors that are associated with success in part 2 European Diploma in Intensive Care exam. Methods: We prospectively collected self-reported data from all candidates sitting European Diploma in Intensive Care part 2 in 2015, namely demographics, professional background and attendance to a European Diploma in Intensive Care part 2 or generic objective structured clinical examination preparatory courses...
November 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122266/tone-as-a-health-concept-an-analysis
#10
Donald McDowall, Elizabeth Emmanuel, Sandra Grace, Marilyn Chaseling
STUDY DESIGN: Concept analysis. INTRODUCTION: This paper is a report on the analysis of the concept of tone in chiropractic. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to clarify the concept of tone as originally understood by Daniel David Palmer from 1895 to 1914 and to monitor its evolution over time. METHODS: Data was sourced from Palmer's original work, published between 1895 and 1914. A literature search from 1980 to 2016 was also performed on the online databases CINHAL, PubMed and Scopus with key terms including 'tone', 'chiropractic', 'Palmer', 'vitalism', 'health', 'homeostasis', 'holism' and 'wellness'...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121902/online-or-face-to-face-instruction-a-qualitative-study-on-the-electrocardiogram-course-at-the-university-of-ulm-to-examine-why-students-choose-a-particular-format
#11
Oliver Keis, Claudia Grab, Achim Schneider, Wolfgang Öchsner
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of the e-learning electrocardiogram (ECG) course 'ECG Online' into the curriculum at the University of Ulm, a small but relatively constant number of students have decided not to participate in the online course but to attend the face-to-face course, although the content of both courses is identical. The present study examined why students prefer one format or the other. METHODS: In a qualitative research approach, ten medical students were questioned in a guided interview...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119863/understanding-uncertainty-in-young-onset-parkinson-disease
#12
Michael Ravenek, Debbie L Rudman, Mary E Jenkins, Sandi Spaulding
Objectives Individuals living with young-onset Parkinson's disease compose a rare subtype of a disease typically associated with older age. Situated within a large grounded theory study exploring information behavior, this paper describes the core category of the theory, i.e. uncertainty. Methods Data were collected with 39 individuals living with young-onset Parkinson's disease who took part in in-depth interviews, focus groups and/or an online discussion board. Fourteen autobiographies written by individuals living with young-onset Parkinson's disease were also used as data sources...
December 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119819/stories-of-survival-children-s-narratives-of-psychosocial-well-being-following-paediatric-critical-illness-or-injury
#13
Joseph C Manning, Pippa Hemingway, Sarah A Redsell
Survival from critical illness can expose children to an array of negative physical and psychological problems. While the perspective of parents and professionals have been well documented, there is limited understanding of how childhood critical care survivors make sense of their experiences in relation to psychosocial well-being. We aimed to explore long-term psychosocial well-being of childhood survivors of critical illness through their stories. A qualitative, exploratory study using serial in-depth interviews was employed...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116978/-you-re-not-trying-to-save-somebody-from-death-learning-as-becoming-in-palliative-care
#14
Frances Kilbertus, Rola Ajjawi, Douglas B Archibald
PURPOSE: Learning can be conceptualized as a process of "becoming," considering individuals, workplace participation, and professional identity formation. How postgraduate trainees learn palliative care, encompassing technical competence, compassion, and empathy, is not well understood or explained by common conceptualizations of learning as "acquisition" and "participation." Learning palliative care, a practice that has been described as a cultural shift in medicine challenging the traditional role of curing and healing, provided the context to explore learning as "becoming...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114436/preferred-names-preferred-pronouns-and-gender-identity-in-the-electronic-medical-record-and-laboratory-information-system-is-pathology-ready
#15
Katherine L Imborek, Nicole L Nisly, Michael J Hesseltine, Jana Grienke, Todd A Zikmund, Nicholas R Dreyer, John L Blau, Maia Hightower, Robert M Humble, Matthew D Krasowski
Background: Electronic medical records (EMRs) and laboratory information systems (LISs) commonly utilize patient identifiers such as legal name, sex, medical record number, and date of birth. There have been recommendations from some EMR working groups (e.g., the World Professional Association for Transgender Health) to include preferred name, pronoun preference, assigned sex at birth, and gender identity in the EMR. These practices are currently uncommon in the United States. There has been little published on the potential impact of these changes on pathology and LISs...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112776/a-meta-ethnography-of-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-successful-implementation-of-patient-complaints-processes-in-health-care-settings
#16
David A H Scott, Suzanne M Grant
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize experiences of the patient complaints process for patients and health-care professionals to identify facilitators and barriers in the successful implementation of patient complaints processes. This will assist the development of cultural change programmes, enabling complaints managers to incorporate stakeholder perspectives into future care. DESIGN: Systematic literature search and meta-ethnography, comprising reciprocal syntheses of "patient" and "professional" qualitative studies, combined to form a "line-of-argument" embodying both perspectives...
November 7, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105507/-factors-affecting-services-offered-to-older-adults-with-psychological-morbidity-an-exploration-of-health-professional-attitudes
#17
Jennifer White, Kath Greer, Grant Russell, Aislinn Lalor, Rene Stolwyk, Cylie Williams, Ted Brown, Terrence Haines
AIM: Poor collaboration between the multiple services involved in hospital discharge planning may contribute to suboptimal patient outcomes post discharge. This study aimed to explore clinician (medical, allied health and nursing) attitudes towards the management of the older patient with psychological morbidity during and following hospitalization. METHODS: Focus groups were held with 54 health professionals comprising of 7 from acute, 20 from subacute (geriatric assessment and rehabilitation), and 27 from community care settings...
November 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102483/the-digital-environment-in-men-s-sexual-disorders-a-systematic-review
#18
E García-Cruz, J Romero-Otero, M Fode, A Alcaraz
CONTEXT: The revolution of digital technologies constitutes a new setting for the patient-physician relationship and provides patients with a scenario of privacy and universal access to a vast amount of information. However, there is little information on how digital resources are used and what their advantages and disadvantages are. OBJECTIVES: To explore the scope of the scientific research on the use of digital technology related to men's sexual disorders and to analyze the primary sources of digital information related to this field...
November 1, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102221/-gender-meanings-of-the-risk-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-hiv-transmission-among-young-people
#19
Sílvia Saura, Víctor Jorquera, Dolors Rodríguez, Carina Mascort, Immaculada Castellà, Jordi García
AIM: To identify the links between social representations used by young people to construct their gender identity, sexuality, and the risk management for sexually transmitted infections. SETTING: Different settings of Primary Health Care in Girona. PARTICIPANTS: Young people aged between 16 and 21 years (32 participants) living in Girona. METHOD: A qualitative study with a social constructionist perspective. A theoretical sampling was carried out and the triangular group and individual interview techniques were used for data collection...
October 25, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100653/understanding-the-struggles-to-be-a-medical-provider-view-through-medical-student-essays
#20
William J Peterson, Joseph B House, Cemal B Sozener, Sally A Santen
BACKGROUND: The clinical learning environment helps to shape the professional identity of medical students. This process begins from existing personal identity and is influenced by various factors, including clinical experiences and clinical learning environment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine medical students' reflections as a way to identify and better characterize the modern struggles that medical students face, in order to inform the development of professional identity...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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