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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786117/the-relevance-of-the-hippocratic-oath-to-the-ethical-and-moral-values-of-contemporary-medicine-part-ii-interpretation-of-the-hippocratic-oath-today-s-perspective
#1
REVIEW
Helen Askitopoulou, Antonis N Vgontzas
This is the second part of a paper on the relevance and significance of the Hippocratic Oath to modern medical ethical and moral values with the aim at answering questions on controversial issues related to the Oath. Part I argued that the general attributes and ethical values of the Oath are relevant to the modern world. Part II attempts to elucidate the interpretation of the specific injunctions of the Oath from today's perspective in relation to ethical values concerning the duties of physicians to patients and society...
May 21, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778713/concluding-commentary-on-current-trends-to-enhance-the-clinical-safety-of-pediatric-transfusion-focusing-on-prevention-of-untoward-complications-of-hsc-transplantation-newer-strategies-for-improving-the-standards-of-safety-quality-of-stem-cells-expansion-for
#2
REVIEW
Irena Sniecinski, Jerard Seghatchian
Clinical practice and related diagnostic, development and research [DDR] strategies in pediatric transfusion and transplantation cover a broad range of multidisciplinary studies, performed by many professionals involved in this most challenging clinical field [1]. This commentary on the current position and future perspectives in pediatric transfusion field is aimed to highlight major unresolved transfusion complications in pediatric patients, namely red blood cell and platelet alloimmunisation, and new ones such as nosocomial infection, thrombosis and multi-organ failure...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770324/one-health-integration-a-proposed-framework-for-a-study-on-veterinarians-and-zoonotic-disease-management-in-ghana
#3
Sophie Françoise Valeix
In parallel with the recent world-wide promotion of One Health (OH) as a policy concept, a growing body of social science studies has raised questions about how successful OH policies and programs have been in managing some global health issues, such as zoonotic diseases. This paper briefly reviews this literature to clarify its critical perspective. Much of the literature on OH also is focused on health management at an international level and has paid less attention to implementation programs and policies for OH at the national and local levels, especially in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs)...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764267/clinical-narratives-in-residency-education-exploration-of-the-learning-process
#4
Jennifer A Furze, Bruce H Greenfield, J B Barr, Kathleen Geist, Judith Gale, Gail M Jensen
BACKGROUND: Post-professional residency educational programs aim to advance the knowledge and skills of therapists in a clinical specialty area, however, little is known about the process, outcomes, or effectiveness of residency education. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use narrative as a teaching and learning tool to gain insight into the progressive development of the residents' learning process. DESIGN: Qualitative methods including a retrospective analysis of residents' narratives were used to explore the professional development and thought process of residents...
May 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763995/the-meaning-of-co-production-for-clinicians-an-exploratory-case-study-of-practitioner-trainers-in-one-recovery-college
#5
Mark Dalgarno, Jennifer Oates
INTRODUCTION: Co-production between service users and clinicians is a desirable element of recovery-oriented practice in mental health but the effect of co-production on clinicians has not been explored thoroughly. AIM: to explore the meaning of co-production for clinicians based on their experience of co-production in a Recovery College Method: Thematic analysis of eight semi-structured interviews with clinicians who have co-produced and co-delivered workshops with a Recovery College Peer Trainer...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762285/cone-beam-computed-tomography-guided-navigation-in-complex-osteotomies-improves-accuracy-at-all-competence-levels-a-study-assessing-accuracy-and-reproducibility-of-joint-sparing-bone-cuts
#6
Amir Sternheim, Aidin Kashigar, Michael Daly, Harley Chan, Jimmy Qiu, Robert Weersink, David Jaffray, Jonathan C Irish, Peter C Ferguson, Jay S Wunder
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the accuracy and reproducibility of a novel cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)-guided navigation system designed for osteotomies with joint-sparing bone cuts. METHODS: Eighteen surgeons participated in this study. First, 3 expert tumor surgeons resected bone tumors in 3 Sawbones tumor models identical to actual patient scenarios. They first performed these osteotomies without navigation and then performed them using a navigation system and 3-dimensional (3D) planning tools based on CBCT imaging...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757985/the-influence-of-professional-identity-job-satisfaction-and-work-engagement-on-turnover-intention-among-township-health-inspectors-in-china
#7
Wenjie Zhang, Hongdao Meng, Shujuan Yang, Danping Liu
Health inspectors are part of the public health workforce in China, and its shortage has been identified as an urgent priority that should be addressed. Turnover is one of the main contributors to the shortage problem. This research assessed the influence of professional identity, job satisfaction and work engagement on turnover intention of township health inspectors and explored the intermediary effect of job satisfaction and work engagement between professional identity and turnover intention among township health inspectors in China...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753624/a-critical-review-and-analysis-of-ethical-issues-associated-with-the-artificial-pancreas
#8
REVIEW
A Quintal, V Messier, R Rabasa-Lhoret, E Racine
The artificial pancreas combines a hormone infusion pump with a continuous glucose ontinuous glucose monitoring, supported by a dosing algorithm currently installed on the pump. It allows for dynamic infusions of insulin (and possibly other hormones such as glucagon) tailored to patient needs. For patients with type 1 diabetes the artificial pancreas has been shown to prevent more effectively hypoglycaemic events and hyperglycaemia than insulin pump therapy and has the potential to simplify care. However, the potential ethical issues associated with the upcoming integration of the artificial pancreas into clinical practice have not yet been discussed...
April 25, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752859/shifts-in-nursing-and-medical-student-s-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-about-interprofessional-work-an-interprofessional-placement-in-ambulatory-care
#9
Karla Seaman, Rosemary Saunders, Helen Dugmore, Claire Tobin, Rachel Singer, Fiona Lake
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To examine students' beliefs, behaviours and attitudes in relation to interprofessional socialisation, and their expectations and experience, before and after a two-week clinical placement in ambulatory care. BACKGROUND: Interprofessional clinical placements for students are important for developing an understanding of interprofessional collaboration and identity, for the benefit of patient care. Ambulatory care environment involves collaborative management of complex chronic problems...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752850/role-modelling-and-the-hidden-curriculum-new-graduate-nurses-professional-socialisation
#10
Kiri Hunter, Catherine Cook
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore new graduate nurses' experiences of professional socialisation by registered nurses in hospital-based practice settings, and identify strategies that support professional identity development. BACKGROUND: Professionalism is reinforced and stabilised in the clinical environment through the 'hidden curriculum', with major learning coming from practice role-models. New graduates observe attitudes, behaviours, decision-making and skills, and gain feedback from registered nurses, which they translate into their own practice...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751291/shame-and-avoidance-as-barriers-in-midwives-communication-about-body-weight-with-pregnant-women-a-qualitative-interview-study
#11
Anne Christenson, Eva Johansson, Signy Reynisdottir, Jarl Torgerson, Erik Hemmingsson
INTRODUCTION: Excessive gestational weight gain, regardless of initial BMI, is associated with perinatal risks for both mother and offspring and contributes to obesity in women. Studies report that healthcare professionals find it difficult to communicate about weight and pregnant women perceive healthcare professionals as unconcerned, leaving many women uninformed about weight recommendations and risks. We aimed to explore how midwives approach communication about gestational weight gain recommendations, and to characterize communication barriers and facilitators...
April 26, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750773/missed-opportunities-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-syphilis-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Jason J Ong, Hongyun Fu, Stephen Pan, M Kumi Smith, Dan Wu, Chongyi Wei, Bolin Cao, Wei Ma, Ligang Yang, Weiming Tang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/syphilis. To inform strategies for dual testing, we describe patterns of HIV/syphilis testing, and examine factors associated with never testing for HIV/syphilis in China. METHODS: An online survey (2016) was completed by MSM from 8 cities: men born biologically male, 16 years or older, and had sex with another man at least once during their lifetime. Demographic, sexual behavioral, and HIV/syphilis testing data were collected...
June 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749849/a-faculty-professional-development-model-that-improves-student-learning-encourages-active-learning-instructional-practices-and-works-for-faculty-at-multiple-institutions
#13
Karen N Pelletreau, Jennifer K Knight, Paula P Lemons, Jill S McCourt, John E Merrill, Ross H Nehm, Luanna B Prevost, Mark Urban-Lurain, Michelle K Smith
Helping faculty develop high-quality instruction that positively affects student learning can be complicated by time limitations, a lack of resources, and inexperience using student data to make iterative improvements. We describe a community of 16 faculty from five institutions who overcame these challenges and collaboratively designed, taught, iteratively revised, and published an instructional unit about the potential effect of mutations on DNA replication, transcription, and translation. The unit was taught to more than 2000 students in 18 courses, and student performance improved from preassessment to postassessment in every classroom...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749837/competing-discourses-of-scientific-identity-among-postdoctoral-scholars-in-the-biomedical-sciences
#14
Rebecca M Price, Ira Kantrowitz-Gordon, Sharona E Gordon
The postdoctoral period is generally one of low pay, long hours, and uncertainty about future career options. To better understand how postdocs conceive of their present and future goals, we asked researchers about their scientific identities while they were in their postdoctoral appointments. We used discourse analysis to analyze interviews with 30 scholars from a research-intensive university or nearby research institutions to better understand how their scientific identities influenced their career goals...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741966/feminine-identity-and-functional-benefits-are-key-factors-in-women-s-decision-making-about-upper-limb-prostheses-a-case-series
#15
Linda Resnik, Shana Klinger, Anisha Gill, Sarah Ekerholm Biester
PURPOSE: Although the DEKA Arm promises new abilities, it is unclear if women with upper limb amputation are willing to avail themselves of this new technology. The study purpose was to understand key factors and tradeoffs that shape women's attitudes towards the DEKA Arm. METHODS: This case series includes three women with transradial amputation. Structured surveys and semi-guided interviews were administered after completion of in-laboratory training and a home trial of the DEKA Arm...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734048/the-role-of-alcohol-in-constructing-gender-class-identities-among-young-women-in-the-age-of-social-media
#16
Jemma Lennox, Carol Emslie, Helen Sweeting, Antonia Lyons
Research suggests young women view drinking as a pleasurable aspect of their social lives but that they face challenges in engaging in a traditionally 'masculine' behaviour whilst maintaining a desirable 'femininity'. Social network sites such as Facebook make socialising visible to a wide audience. This paper explores how young people discuss young women's drinking practices, and how young women construct their identities through alcohol consumption and its display on social media. We conducted 21 friendship-based focus groups (both mixed and single sex) with young adults aged 18-29 years and 13 individual interviews with a subset of focus group respondents centred on their Facebook practices...
May 4, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727319/what-makes-difficult-patients-difficult-for-medical-students
#17
Jody E Steinauer, Patricia O'Sullivan, Felisa Preskill, Olle Ten Cate, Arianne Teherani
PURPOSE: Physicians can find it challenging to provide high-quality care to "difficult patients." While studies support that medical students also find some patients "difficult," little is known about why they do or how being a student affects their perceptions. The authors conducted this study to gain a deeper understanding of students' experiences with "difficult patients" to inform clinical teaching about effective patient communication and patient-centered care...
May 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724984/a-study-on-the-korean-medicine-education-and-the-changes-in-the-traditional-korean-medicine-during-the-japanese-colonial-era-focused-on-the-korean-medicine-training-schools
#18
Yongyuan Huang
The modern education institutes play an important role in fostering professional talents, reproducing knowledge and studies, and forming the identities of certain academic fields and vocational communities. It is a matter of common knowledge that the absence of an official Korean medicine medical school during the Japanese colonial era was a severely disadvantageous factor in the aspects of academic progress, fostering follow-up personnel, and establishment of social capability. Therefore, the then Korean medicine circle put emphasis on inadequate official education institutes as the main factor behind oppression...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720009/interprofessional-learning-experiences-exploring-the-perception-and-attitudes-of-saudi-arabian-medical-and-dental-students
#19
Ghadeer K Al-Shaikh, Ebtissam M Al-Madi, Jazba Masood, Quratulain Shaikh, Sadiqa B Syed, Rima S Bader, Judy McKimm
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the awareness and attitudes of medical and dental students regarding interprofessional learning (IPL). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 278 female undergraduate Medical and Dental students from Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh. These students undertook IPL in the Foundation block, in basic science teaching, clinical skills' laboratories and in professionalism and learning skills' modules...
May 2, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720003/integrating-an-interprofessional-education-initiative-evidence-from-king-abdulaziz-university
#20
Almuatazbellah A Awan, Zuhier A Awan, Lana Alshawwa, Ara Tekian, Yoon Soo Park, Ahmed Altyar
PURPOSE: This paper examines current issues with interprofessional education (IPE) at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) and discusses initiatives for integrating IPE into the medical curricula at KAU. METHODS: We reviewed the current body of literature, studied reports from IPE conferences and workshops organized at KAU, and synthesized participants' feedback from the IPE programs, including an online survey. RESULTS: A total of 506 participants responded to the online survey...
May 2, 2018: Medical Teacher
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