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Professional identity

Roger L Hammer, Joshua T Linton, Adam M Hammer
The purpose of this investigation was to determine maximal strength and jump performance outcomes of heavy squat training on a low-amplitude (<1.0 mm peak-to-peak) vibration platform (VP). Nineteen recreationally resistance-trained college-aged men (22.3 ± 1.66 years) completed the 6-week study. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two training groups: SQT (n = 10) performed conventional back squats on the floor; SQTV (n = 9) performed back squats on the VP. Supervised training took place over 12 sessions (2 days/week) which utilized an aggressive strength development protocol (85-95 % 1-RM), which was identically followed by both groups...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Janet E Fischel, Doreen M Olvet, Richard J Iuli, Wei-Hsin Lu, Latha Chandran
AIM: Curriculum reform in medical schools continues to be an ever-present and challenging activity in medical education. This paper describes one school's experiences with specific curricular innovations that were developed or adapted and targeted to meet a clear set of curricular goals during the curriculum reform process. Those goals included: (a) promoting active learning and learner engagement; (b) establishing early professional identity; and (c) developing physician competencies in an integrated and contextual manner while allowing for individualized learning experiences for the millennial student...
March 11, 2018: Medical Teacher
Mariana Lagos, Silvana Bekerman, Noemí Sosa
Clinical and psychosocial assistance demand that we try and understand the complex effect traumatic events have on people and their subjectivity, as well as on our own stance and reference framework. Traumatic situations of social origin affect groups of individuals and the State is to some extent responsible for their genesis and the resolution of their effects. In our professional practice we are faced with problems that concern both the individuals and the relationships they establish. The way highly traumatic events are dealt with is in?uenced by various factors that challenge our therapeutic theories and approaches...
July 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Heather A Feldner, Samuel W Logan, James C Galloway
AIM: Rehabilitation professionals are increasingly recognizing mobility as a basic human right and endorsing the efficacy of early powered mobility for children with mobility impairments to foster independence, promote socialization with peers and facilitate participation in family and community life. However, the relationship between mobility and technology provision, when considered in the context of lived experiences of children with mobility impairments and their families, is complex and understudied...
March 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Smita C Banerjee, Chasity B Walters, Jessica M Staley, Koshy Alexander, Patricia A Parker
Delivery of culturally competent care toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients depends on how health-care providers (HCPs) communicate with them; however, research about knowledge, attitude, and behavior of HCPs toward LGBT patients is scant. The objectives of our study were to describe oncology HCPs' knowledge and examine if beliefs about LGB and transgender patients mediate the effects of LGBT health-care knowledge on open communication behaviors with LGB and transgender patients, respectively...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Bracha Azoulay, Hod Orkibi
Although the literature indicates that students in mental health professions start to form their professional identity and competence in graduate school, there are few studies on the in-training experience of creative arts therapies students. This mixed methods study examined how five first-year students in a psychodrama master's degree program in Israel experienced their field training, with the aim of identifying the factors likely to promote or hinder the development of their professional identity and sense of professional ability...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Suzanne Morony, Kristie Weir, Gregory Duncan, Janice Biggs, Don Nutbeam, Kirsten J Mccaffery
BACKGROUND: Telehealth professionals require advanced communication skills, in part to compensate for lack of visual cues. Teach-Back is a best practice communication technique that has been recommended but not previously evaluated for consumer telehealth. We aimed to implement Teach-Back at a national maternal and child health telephone helpline. We describe the intervention and report telenurse experiences learning to use Teach-Back. METHODS: We identified barriers (time, knowledge, skills, beliefs) and enablers (self-reflection) to using Teach-Back, and developed a novel training program to address these, guided by the Theoretical Domains Framework...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Allison R Warren, Ann M Steffen
There is consensus that providers who work with transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) older adults should use the language preferred by the older adult; however, assessment tools to document professional training efforts are lacking. This study presents data on a new TGNC Language Self-Efficacy Scale, using responses collected from employees and volunteers of area agencies on aging (AAA) across the United States ( N = 155). Exploratory factor analysis supports a two-factor model: Interactions and Information subscales significantly correlated with knowledge of TGNC terminology, genderism and transphobia, gender role beliefs, beliefs about gender and gender identity, and attitudes toward lesbians and gay men...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Hyemin Lee, Jooyoung Park, Bokyoung Choi, Horim Yi, Seung-Sup Kim
Objectives: Previous literature has documented that transgender people may encounter barriers when they use transition-related healthcare services. This study aims to investigate the experiences of transition-related healthcare and the barriers to those services among transgender adults in South Korea. Methods: In 2017, we conducted a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 278 transgender adults in South Korea. We assessed the prevalence of transition-related healthcare such as Gender Identity Disorder (GID) diagnosis, hormone therapy, and sex reassignment surgery...
February 27, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
Erin Rothwell, Jeffrey R Botkin, Sydney Cheek-O'Donnell, Bob Wong, Gretchen A Case, Erin Johnson, Trent Matheson, Alena Wilson, Nicole R Robinson, Jared Rawlings, Brooke Horejsi, Ana Maria Lopez, Carrie L Byington
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the short-term impact of the play "Informed Consent" by Deborah Zoe Laufer (a fictionalized look at the controversy over specimens collected from the Havasupai Tribe for diabetes research in 1989) on perceptions of trust, willingness to donate biospecimens, attitudes toward harm and privacy among the medical and undergraduate students, faculty and the public in the intermountain west. METHODS: Surveys were administered before and after a staged reading of the play by professional actors...
March 7, 2018: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
Bonnie J Baty
Growth of the profession of genetic counseling has gone hand-in-hand with professional development of individual genetic counselors. Genetic counseling has achieved most of the typical early milestones in the development of a profession. The profession is maturing at a time when the number of practitioners is predicted to vastly expand. The last two decades have seen a proliferation of genetic counselor roles and practice areas, and a distinct professional identity. It is likely that the next two decades will see an increase in educational paths, practice areas, and possibilities for professional advancement...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
Nicole Collaço, Carol Rivas, Lauren Matheson, Johana Nayoan, Richard Wagland, Obrey Alexis, Anna Gavin, Adam Glaser, Eila Watson
PURPOSE: To review and interpret existing qualitative literature on the experiences of couples affected by prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: A metasynthesis was carried out which included a systematic search of seven databases between 2000 and 2016. A modified version of Noblit and Hare's meta-ethnographic approach was used to synthesise qualitative study findings and inform overarching interpretations. RESULTS: Thirty-seven studies focusing on the experiences of men with PCa and their partner dyad were included producing seven interconnected constructs...
March 6, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Mike Mikkelsen Lorenzen, Lotte Poulsen, Signe Poulsen, Jens Ahm Sørensen, Kirsten K Roessler
INTRODUCTION: Body contouring surgery is associated with changes in body image and identity. The primary aim of the study was to investigate a multidisciplinary assessment of potential psychological challenges before and after body contouring surgery. METHODS: Eight pre- and post-operative patients undergoing plastic surgery, two surgeons and two nurses were investigated using semi-structured and focus group interviews to capture the perspectives of both the healthcare professionals and the patients...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
Katie E de Luca, Jordan A Gliedt, Matthew Fernandez, Greg Kawchuk, Michael S Swain
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Australian and New Zealand chiropractic students' opinions regarding the identity, role setting, and future of chiropractic practice. METHODS: An online, cross-sectional survey was administered to chiropractic students in all chiropractic programs in Australia and New Zealand. The survey explored student viewpoints about the identity, role/scope, setting, and future of chiropractic practice as it relates to chiropractic education and health promotion...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Riho Iwasaki, Masako Kageyama, Satoko Nagata
OBJECTIVE: As health problems become more diverse and complicated, the way public health nurses (PHNs) work is changing. Research at the conceptual level of professional identity of PHNs is lacking. This study aimed to explore the structure of the perceived professional identity of Japanese PHNs. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Grounded theory method was used. Twenty-five PHNs in Japanese municipalities were participated in the study. MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected through semistructured interviews and analyzed using open, axial, and selective coding...
March 6, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Johanna Olson-Kennedy, Jonathan Warus, Vivian Okonta, Marvin Belzer, Leslie F Clark
Importance: Transmasculine youth, who are assigned female at birth but have a gender identity along the masculine spectrum, often report considerable distress after breast development (chest dysphoria). Professional guidelines lack clarity regarding referring minors (defined as people younger than 18 years) for chest surgery because there are no data documenting the effect of chest surgery on minors. Objective: To examine the amount of chest dysphoria in transmasculine youth who had had chest reconstruction surgery compared with those who had not undergone this surgery...
March 5, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a major concern for people with cancer and their partners. There have been calls for further research on the gendered nature of psychosocial, emotional and identity concomitants of fertility post-cancer across women and men. METHOD: The gendered construction and experience of infertility following cancer was examined through a survey of 693 women and 185 men, and in-depth one-to-one interviews with a subsample of survey respondents, 61 women and 17 men, purposively selected across cancer types and age groups...
March 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
Feng-Kai Chan, Chien-Chin Hsu, Hung-Jung Lin, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su, Chien-Cheng Huang, Shih-Feng Weng
Physicians in Taiwan have long working hours and are at risk for inappropriate posture when handling patients, which may contribute to lumbar herniated intervertebral disc (L-HIVD). This study was conducted to delineate this issue, which is still unknown. This nationwide population-based cohort study was based on Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We identified 25,428 physicians, 32,316 nonphysician health care professionals (HCPs), and an identical number of age- and sex-matched individuals from the general population...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Aditee Ghate
The paper explores the impact of the dissociated feminine principle resulting from the trauma of cultural displacement in a young Chinese woman keen to embrace a modern Western identity. A case study illustrates the outcome of the client both consciously and unconsciously rejecting the traditional stereotypical Chinese feminine identity and instead embracing the distorted, yet seductive, image of the Western (Caucasian) woman as independent, intellectual and confident. Her defensive denial of the traditional feminine was dealt with by intellectualising both personal and professional relationships...
April 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
Emiko Kondo, Mayumi Torii, Izumi Oba, Mai Okamoto
 The issue of drug lag in Japan has been rapidly reduced in recent years, and newly approved drugs now become available on Japanese and international markets at the same time. In this context, the risk management plan (RMP) system was introduced in 2012. RMPs describe important safety concerns recognized by Japan's Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) and marketing authorization holders (MAHs), as well as safety measures that MAHs request healthcare professionals (HCPs) to follow. The publication of RMPs is expected to support the sharing of drug risk management among HCPs during the postmarketing phase...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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