keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infant speech perception

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897999/development-of-fricative-sound-perception-in-korean-infants-the-role-of-language-experience-and-infants-initial-sensitivity
#1
Minha Shin, Youngon Choi, Reiko Mazuka
In this paper, we report data on the development of Korean infants' perception of a rare fricative phoneme distinction. Korean fricative consonants have received much interest in the linguistic community due to the language's distinct categorization of sounds. Unlike many fricative contrasts utilized in most of the world's languages, Korean fricatives (/s*/-/s/) are all voiceless. Moreover, compared with other sound categories, fricatives have received very little attention in the speech perception development field and no studies thus far have examined Korean infants' development of native phonology in this domain...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761835/attention-to-speech-and-spoken-language-development-in-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implants-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#2
Yuanyuan Wang, Carissa L Shafto, Derek M Houston
Early auditory/language experience plays an important role in language development. In this study, we examined the effects of severe-to-profound hearing loss and subsequent cochlear implantation on the development of attention to speech in children with cochlear implants (CIs). In addition, we investigated the extent to which attention to speech may predict spoken language development in children with CIs. We tested children with CIs and compared them to chronologically age-matched peers with normal hearing (NH) on their attention to speech at four time points post implantation; specifically, less than 1 month, 3 to 6 months, 12 months, and 18 months post implantation...
May 15, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692746/the-development-of-mismatch-responses-to-mandarin-lexical-tone-in-12-to-24-month-old-infants
#3
Ying-Ying Cheng, Chia-Ying Lee
This study explores the development of mismatch responses (MMRs) to Mandarin lexical tone changes in infants at 12, 18, and 24 months of age using the multi-deviant oddball paradigm with the low dipping Tone 3 (T3) as the standard, the high level Tone 1 (T1) as the large, and the high rising Tone 2 (T2) as the small deviant. The results show that the large acoustic change between T1/T3 elicited mismatch negativity (MMN) in all three age groups. The small acoustic change between T2/T3 elicited a positive mismatch response (P-MMR) at 12 and 18 months of age, but no MMR was found to the T2/T3 change at 24 months...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656014/and-then-i-saw-her-race-race-based-expectations-affect-infants-word-processing
#4
Drew Weatherhead, Katherine S White
How do our expectations about speakers shape speech perception? Adults' speech perception is influenced by social properties of the speaker (e.g., race). When in development do these influences begin? In the current study, 16-month-olds heard familiar words produced in their native accent (e.g., "dog") and in an unfamiliar accent involving a vowel shift (e.g., "dag"), in the context of an image of either a same-race speaker or an other-race speaker. Infants' interpretation of the words depended on the speaker's race...
August 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567097/differential-neural-responses-to-faces-paired-with-labels-versus-faces-paired-with-noise-at-6-and-at-9-months
#5
Ryan Barry-Anwar, Hillary Hadley, Lisa S Scott
Labeling objects or faces in the first year of life shapes subsequent attention and perception. Three months of hearing individual-level, unique labels for previously unfamiliar faces promotes face differentiation and impacts neural processing during the first year of life. However, it is currently unclear whether verbal labeling influences visual processing of faces during label learning and whether these effects differ across the first year of life. The current study examined the impact of individual-level labels versus a non-speech noise on neural responses to monkey faces...
March 28, 2018: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551600/typical-vs-atypical-combining-auditory-gestalt-perception-and-acoustic-analysis-of-early-vocalisations-in-rett-syndrome
#6
Florian B Pokorny, Katrin D Bartl-Pokorny, Christa Einspieler, Dajie Zhang, Ralf Vollmann, Sven Bölte, Markus Gugatschka, Björn W Schuller, Peter B Marschik
BACKGROUND: Early speech-language development of individuals with Rett syndrome (RTT) has been repeatedly characterised by a co-occurrence of apparently typical and atypical vocalisations. AIMS: To describe specific features of this intermittent character of typical versus atypical early RTT-associated vocalisations by combining auditory Gestalt perception and acoustic vocalisation analysis. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: We extracted N = 363 (pre-)linguistic vocalisations from home video recordings of an infant later diagnosed with RTT...
March 15, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501303/auditory-and-language-development-in-mandarin-speaking-children-after-cochlear-implantation
#7
Xing Lu, Zhaobing Qin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate early auditory performance, speech perception and language skills in Mandarin-speaking prelingual deaf children in the first two years after they received a cochlear implant (CI) and analyse the effects of possible associated factors. METHODS: The Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (ITMAIS)/Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (MAIS), Mandarin Early Speech Perception (MESP) test and Putonghua Communicative Development Inventory (PCDI) were used to assess auditory and language outcomes in 132 Mandarin-speaking children pre- and post-implantation...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396579/the-effect-of-remote-masking-on-the-reception-of-speech-by-young-school-age-children
#8
Carla L Youngdahl, Eric W Healy, Sarah E Yoho, Frédéric Apoux, Rachael Frush Holt
Purpose: Psychoacoustic data indicate that infants and children are less likely than adults to focus on a spectral region containing an anticipated signal and are more susceptible to remote masking of a signal. These detection tasks suggest that infants and children, unlike adults, do not listen selectively. However, less is known about children's ability to listen selectively during speech recognition. Accordingly, the current study examines remote masking during speech recognition in children and adults...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369288/developmental-effects-in-masking-release-for-speech-in-speech-perception-due-to-a-target-masker-sex-mismatch
#9
Lori J Leibold, Emily Buss, Lauren Calandruccio
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which infants, school-age children, and adults benefit from a target/masker sex mismatch in the context of speech detection or recognition in a background of 2 competing talkers. It was hypothesized that the ability to benefit from a target/masker sex mismatch develops between infancy and the early school-age years, as children gain listening experience in multi-talker environments. DESIGN: Listeners were infants (7 to 13 months), children (5 to 10 years), and adults (18 to 33 years) with normal hearing...
January 23, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210952/survey-of-the-american-neurotology-society-on-cochlear-implantation-part-1-candidacy-assessment-and-expanding-indications
#10
Matthew L Carlson, Douglas P Sladen, Richard K Gurgel, Nicole M Tombers, Christine M Lohse, Colin L Driscoll
OBJECTIVE: To examine practice variance of cochlear implant candidacy assessment and off-label indications across centers in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of the American Neurotology Society (ANS). RESULTS: A total of 81 surveys were returned from ANS members who report regular involvement in cochlear implant care. Overall there was a broad distribution in age and clinical experience, with most respondents reporting ACGME accreditation in neurotology and employment at an academic center...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157996/longitudinal-interactions-between-brain-and-cognitive-measures-on-reading-development-from-6-months-to-14-years
#11
Kaisa Lohvansuu, Jarmo A Hämäläinen, Leena Ervast, Heikki Lyytinen, Paavo H T Leppänen
Dyslexia is a neurobiological disorder impairing learning to read. Brain responses of infants at genetic risk for dyslexia are abnormal already at birth, and associations from infant speech perception to preschool cognitive skills and reading in early school years have been documented, but there are no studies showing predicting power until adolescence. Here we show that in at-risk infants, brain activation to pseudowords at left hemisphere predicts 44% of reading speed at 14 years, and even improves the prediction after taking into account neurocognitive preschool measures of letter naming, phonology, and verbal short-term memory...
January 8, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156241/pre-linguistic-segmentation-of-speech-into-syllable-like-units
#12
Okko Räsänen, Gabriel Doyle, Michael C Frank
Syllables are often considered to be central to infant and adult speech perception. Many theories and behavioral studies on early language acquisition are also based on syllable-level representations of spoken language. There is little clarity, however, on what sort of pre-linguistic "syllable" would actually be accessible to an infant with no phonological or lexical knowledge. Anchored by the notion that syllables are organized around particularly sonorous (audible) speech sounds, the present study investigates the feasibility of speech segmentation into syllable-like chunks without any a priori linguistic knowledge...
February 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970650/the-organization-and-reorganization-of-audiovisual-speech-perception-in-the-first-year-of-life
#13
D Kyle Danielson, Alison G Bruderer, Padmapriya Kandhadai, Eric Vatikiotis-Bateson, Janet F Werker
The period between six and 12 months is a sensitive period for language learning during which infants undergo auditory perceptual attunement, and recent results indicate that this sensitive period may exist across sensory modalities. We tested infants at three stages of perceptual attunement (six, nine, and 11 months) to determine 1) whether they were sensitive to the congruence between heard and seen speech stimuli in an unfamiliar language, and 2) whether familiarization with congruent audiovisual speech could boost subsequent non-native auditory discrimination...
April 2017: Cognitive Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955278/bilingual-infants-demonstrate-perceptual-flexibility-in-phoneme-discrimination-but-perceptual-constraint-in-face-discrimination
#14
Leher Singh, Darrell Loh, Naiqi G Xiao
Perceptual narrowing is a highly significant development associated with the first year of life. It conventionally refers to an orientation toward nativeness whereby infant's perceptual sensitivities begin to align with the phonetic properties of their native environment. Nativeness effects, such as perceptual narrowing, have been observed in several domains, most notably, in face discrimination within other-race faces and speech discrimination of non-native phonemes. Thus, far, nativeness effects in the face and speech perception have been theoretically linked, but have mostly been investigated independently...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937300/infants-processing-of-prosodic-cues-electrophysiological-evidence-for-boundary-perception-beyond-pause-detection
#15
Julia Holzgrefe-Lang, Caroline Wellmann, Barbara Höhle, Isabell Wartenburger
Infants as young as six months are sensitive to prosodic phrase boundaries marked by three acoustic cues: pitch change, final lengthening, and pause. Behavioral studies suggest that a language-specific weighting of these cues develops during the first year of life; recent work on German revealed that eight-month-olds, unlike six-month-olds, are capable of perceiving a prosodic boundary on the basis of pitch change and final lengthening only. The present study uses Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) to investigate the neuro-cognitive development of prosodic cue perception in German-learning infants...
March 2018: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712970/cortical-responses-to-tone-and-phoneme-mismatch-as-a-predictor-of-dyslexia-a-systematic-review
#16
Susanne Volkmer, Gerd Schulte-Körne
Evidence from event-related-potential (ERP) studies has repeatedly shown differences in the perception and processing of auditory stimuli in children with dyslexia compared to control children. The mismatch negativity (MMN) - an ERP component reflecting passive auditory change detection ability - has been found to be reduced, not only in children with a diagnosis of dyslexia, but also in infants and preschool children at risk of developing dyslexia. However, the results are controversial due to the different methods, age of the children and stimuli used...
January 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688078/differences-in-neural-correlates-of-speech-perception-in-3-month-olds-at-high-and-low-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Laura A Edwards, Jennifer B Wagner, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Charles A Nelson
In this study, we investigated neural precursors of language acquisition as potential endophenotypes of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in 3-month-old infants at high and low familial ASD risk. Infants were imaged using functional near-infrared spectroscopy while they listened to auditory stimuli containing syllable repetitions; their neural responses were analyzed over left and right temporal regions. While female low risk infants showed initial neural activation that decreased over exposure to repetition-based stimuli, potentially indicating a habituation response to repetition in speech, female high risk infants showed no changes in neural activity over exposure...
October 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680487/auditory-speech-perception-development-in-relation-to-patient-s-age-with-cochlear-implant
#18
Grace Kelly Seixas Ciscare, Erika Barioni Mantello, Carla Aparecida Urzedo Fortunato-Queiroz, Miguel Angelo Hyppolito, Ana Cláudia Mirândola Barbosa Dos Reis
Introduction  A cochlear implant in adolescent patients with pre-lingual deafness is still a debatable issue. Objective  The objective of this study is to analyze and compare the development of auditory speech perception in children with pre-lingual auditory impairment submitted to cochlear implant, in different age groups in the first year after implantation. Method  This is a retrospective study, documentary research, in which we analyzed 78 reports of children with severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, unilateral cochlear implant users of both sexes...
July 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674020/brain-regions-and-functional-interactions-supporting-early-word-recognition-in-the-face-of-input-variability
#19
Silvia Benavides-Varela, Roma Siugzdaite, David Maximiliano Gómez, Francesco Macagno, Luigi Cattarossi, Jacques Mehler
Perception and cognition in infants have been traditionally investigated using habituation paradigms, assuming that babies' memories in laboratory contexts are best constructed after numerous repetitions of the very same stimulus in the absence of interference. A crucial, yet open, question regards how babies deal with stimuli experienced in a fashion similar to everyday learning situations-namely, in the presence of interfering stimuli. To address this question, we used functional near-infrared spectroscopy to test 40 healthy newborns on their ability to encode words presented in concomitance with other words...
July 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662419/perceptual-statistical-learning-over-one-week-in-child-speech-production
#20
Peter T Richtsmeier, Lisa Goffman
What cognitive mechanisms account for the trajectory of speech sound development, in particular, gradually increasing accuracy during childhood? An intriguing potential contributor is statistical learning, a type of learning that has been studied frequently in infant perception but less often in child speech production. To assess the relevance of statistical learning to developing speech accuracy, we carried out a statistical learning experiment with four- and five-year-olds in which statistical learning was examined over one week...
July 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
keyword
keyword
48031
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"