keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Autism diagnosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126371/changes-in-spending-and-service-use-after-a-state-autism-insurance-mandate
#1
Brendan Saloner, Colleen L Barry
Almost all states have insurance coverage mandates for childhood autism spectrum disorder treatment, yet little is known about how mandates affect spending and service use. We evaluated a 2011 Kansas law mandating comprehensive coverage of autism spectrum disorder treatments in the State Employee Health Plan. Data were extracted from the Kansas All-Payer Claims Database from 2009 to 2013 for enrollees of State Employee Health Plan and private health plans. The sample included children aged 0-18 years with >2 claims with an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis insured through State Employee Health Plan or a comparison group enrolled through private health plans...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119672/self-compassion-and-psychological-distress-in-parents-of-young-people-and-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#2
Suzanne Robinson, Richard P Hastings, Jonathan A Weiss, Jaffni Pagavathsing, Yona Lunsky
BACKGROUND: Parenting an individual with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) can be challenging, particularly during adulthood. It is important to better understand ways of supporting families as individuals with IDD age. Self-compassion is a potential internal coping resource for parents, and is strongly linked to positive mental health outcomes, though research has yet to examine it in parents of adults with IDD. METHOD: The current study examines the association between self-compassion and measures of well-being for 56 parents of adults with IDD...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119560/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Lauren Strasser, Michelle Downes, Jane Kung, J Helen Cross, Michelle De Haan
AIM: To assess the prevalence and risk factors for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in epilepsy, and to better understand the relationship and comorbidity between these disorders. METHOD: PsychINFO and PubMed were searched for articles published in the past 15 years that examined the prevalence of ASD in individuals with epilepsy. RESULTS: A total of 19 studies were found with a pooled ASD prevalence of 6.3% in epilepsy. When divided by type, the risks of ASD for general epilepsy, infantile spasms, focal seizures, and Dravet syndrome were 4...
November 9, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119345/impaired-face-perception-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-insights-on-diagnosis-and-treatment
#4
Taiyong Bi, Fang Fang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117712/systematic-review-of-differential-reinforcement-of-alternative-behavior-without-extinction-for-individuals-with-autism
#5
Hannah L MacNaul, Leslie C Neely
The purpose of this article is to review the literature on differential reinforcement of alternative behavior procedures without extinction for individuals with autism. Using predetermined inclusion criteria, a total of 10 studies were included and summarized in terms of the following: (a) participant characteristics (e.g., sex, age, and diagnosis), (b) treatment setting, (c) problem behavior, (d) function, (e) alternative behavior, (f) intervention, (g) outcomes, and (h) conclusiveness of evidence. Of the 10 studies, nine demonstrated positive effects and one mixed effects...
November 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113453/the-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-autism-diagnosis-in-the-united-kingdom-for-children-aged-5-8%C3%A2-years-of-age-findings-from-the-born-in-bradford-cohort
#6
Brian Kelly, Stefan Williams, Sylvie Collins, Faisal Mushtaq, Mark Mon-Williams, Barry Wright, Dan Mason, John Wright
There has been recent interest in the relationship between socioeconomic status and the diagnosis of autism in children. Studies in the United States have found lower rates of autism diagnosis associated with lower socioeconomic status, while studies in other countries report no association, or the opposite. This article aims to contribute to the understanding of this relationship in the United Kingdom. Using data from the Born in Bradford cohort, comprising 13,857 children born between 2007 and 2011, it was found that children of mothers educated to A-level or above had twice the rate of autism diagnosis, 1...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104007/perinatal-exposure-to-concentrated-ambient-particulates-results-in-autism-like-behavioral-deficits-in-adult-mice
#7
Jamie S Church, Pamella B Tijerina, Felicity J Emerson, Morgan A Coburn, Jason L Blum, Judith T Zelikoff, Jared J Schwartzer
Exposure to fine ambient particulates (PM2.5) during gestation or neonatally has potent neurotoxic effects. While biological and behavioral data indicate a vulnerability to environmental pollutants across distinct neurodevelopmental windows, the behavioral consequences following exposure across the entire developmental period remain unknown. Moreover, several epidemiological studies support a link between developmental exposure to air pollution and an increased risk of later receiving a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), a neurodevelopmental disorder that persists throughout life...
November 2, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102779/sialic-acid-and-anti-ganglioside-antibody-levels-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#8
Xiaolei Yang, Shuang Liang, Lin Wang, Panpan Han, Xitao Jiang, Jianli Wang, Yanqiu Hao, Lijie Wu
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors, and impact neurological functions and behaviors. Sialic acid (SA) is an indispensable nutrient for early brain development, and its polymer polySia (PSA) can modify neural cell adhesion molecules (NCAM), thereby indirectly mediating neuronal outgrowth, synaptic connectivity and memory formation. To investigate the association between SA and ASD, we conducted a case-control study...
November 1, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101226/presentation-and-diagnosis-of-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-in-infants
#9
Peter E Davis, Rajna Filip-Dhima, Georgios Sideridis, Jurriaan M Peters, Kit Sing Au, Hope Northrup, E Martina Bebin, Joyce Y Wu, Darcy Krueger, Mustafa Sahin
OBJECTIVES: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a neurocutaneous genetic disorder with a high prevalence of epilepsy and neurodevelopmental disorders. TSC can be challenging to diagnose in infants because they often do not show many clinical signs early in life. In this study, we describe the timing and pattern of presenting and diagnostic features in a prospective longitudinal study of infants with TSC. METHODS: Two multicenter, prospective studies enrolled 130 infants with definite TSC by clinical or genetic criteria and followed them longitudinally up to 36 months of age...
November 3, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100626/heritable-variation-with-little-or-no-maternal-effect-accounts-for-recurrence-risk-to-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-sweden
#10
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Dan Bai, Behrang Mahjani, Lambertus Klei, Yudi Pawitan, Christina M Hultman, Dorothy E Grice, Kathryn Roeder, Joseph D Buxbaum, Bernie Devlin, Abraham Reichenberg, Sven Sandin
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has both genetic and environmental origins, including potentially maternal effects. Maternal effects describe association of one or more maternal phenotypes with liability to ASD in progeny that are independent of maternally transmitted risk alleles. While maternal effects could play an important role, consistent with association to maternal traits such as immune status, no study has estimated maternal, additive genetic, and environmental effects in ASD...
September 21, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095880/circumscribed-interests-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-look-beyond-trains-planes-and-clocks
#11
Ivy Y K Cho, Kristina Jelinkova, Manuela Schuetze, Sarah A Vinette, Sarah Rahman, Adam McCrimmon, Deborah Dewey, Signe Bray
Adolescence is a unique developmental period, characterized by physical and emotional growth and significant maturation of cognitive and social skills. For individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), it is also a vulnerable period as cognitive and social skills can deteriorate. Circumscribed interests (CIs), idiosyncratic areas of intense interest and focus, are a core symptom of ASD that may be associated with social development. Yet, relatively little is known about the expression of CIs in adolescents with ASD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090079/prospective-investigation-of-foxp1-syndrome
#12
Paige M Siper, Silvia De Rubeis, Maria Del Pilar Trelles, Allison Durkin, Daniele Di Marino, François Muratet, Yitzchak Frank, Reymundo Lozano, Evan E Eichler, Morgan Kelly, Jennifer Beighley, Jennifer Gerdts, Arianne S Wallace, Heather C Mefford, Raphael A Bernier, Alexander Kolevzon, Joseph D Buxbaum
BACKGROUND: Haploinsufficiency of the forkhead-box protein P1 (FOXP1) gene leads to a neurodevelopmental disorder termed FOXP1 syndrome. Previous studies in individuals carrying FOXP1 mutations and deletions have described the presence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits, intellectual disability, language impairment, and psychiatric features. The goal of the present study was to comprehensively characterize the genetic and clinical spectrum of FOXP1 syndrome. This is the first study to prospectively examine the genotype-phenotype relationship in multiple individuals with FOXP1 syndrome, using a battery of standardized clinical assessments...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082426/anxiety-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Valentina Postorino, Connor M Kerns, Giacomo Vivanti, Jessica Bradshaw, Martina Siracusano, Luigi Mazzone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to synthesize the most recent research on anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and discuss the relationship between these conditions and challenges for assessment. Furthermore, implications for treatment and future directions are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Research suggests that anxiety disorders and OCD are highly prevalent in individuals with ASD. However, the significant overlap of ASD features with anxiety and OCD symptomology makes differential diagnosis of these disorders particularly challenging...
October 30, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081756/the-locus-preservation-hypothesis-shared-linguistic-profiles-across-developmental-disorders-and-the-resilient-part-of-the-human-language-faculty
#14
Evelina Leivada, Maria Kambanaros, Kleanthes K Grohmann
Grammatical markers are not uniformly impaired across speakers of different languages, even when speakers share a diagnosis and the marker in question is grammaticalized in a similar way in these languages. The aim of this work is to demarcate, from a cross-linguistic perspective, the linguistic phenotype of three genetically heterogeneous developmental disorders: specific language impairment, Down syndrome, and autism spectrum disorder. After a systematic review of linguistic profiles targeting mainly English-, Greek-, Catalan-, and Spanish-speaking populations with developmental disorders (n = 880), shared loci of impairment are identified and certain domains of grammar are shown to be more vulnerable than others...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080927/time-lag-between-diagnosis-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-onset-of-publicly-funded-early-intensive-behavioral-intervention-do-race-ethnicity-and-neighborhood-matter
#15
Marissa E Yingling, Robert M Hock, Bethany A Bell
Health coverage of early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is rapidly expanding across the United States. Yet we know little about the time-lag between diagnosis and treatment onset. We integrated administrative, Medicaid claims, and Census data for children in an EIBI Medicaid waiver (n = 473) to examine the relationship between time-lag and (a) child race-ethnicity and (b) neighborhood racial composition, poverty, affluence, and urbanicity. We explored whether the relationship between child race-ethnicity and time-lag varies by neighborhood characteristics...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078024/don-t-ask-me-what-s-the-matter-ask-me-what-matters-acute-mental-health-facility-experiences-of-people-living-with-autism-spectrum-conditions
#16
Paul Maloret, Tricia Scott
BACKGROUND: This qualitative study explored how mental health inpatients with autistic spectrum conditions experience and cope with anxiety when admitted to an acute mental health inpatient facility in the UK. Anxiety is a common characteristic for people who live with autistic spectrum conditions and whilst a plethora of studies on anxiety in this population are published which correlate anxiety with mental health service experience, little is known about the actual triggers of anxiety and its manifestations...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073339/autism-and-primary-care-dentistry-parents-experiences-of-taking-children-with-autism-or-working-diagnosis-of-autism-for-dental-examinations
#17
Nicole Thomas, Sharon Blake, Christopher Morris, David R Moles
BACKGROUND: Accessing and receiving preventative dental treatment can be difficult for children with autism due to sensory processing disorders and/or challenging behaviours coupled with a reported reluctance by dentists to treat these children. AIM: To gather dental experiences of UK parents of children with autism or working diagnosis of autism and explore how they feel primary care dental services can be improved. DESIGN: A total of 17 parents of children with a diagnosis or working diagnosis of autism took part in semi-structured interviews...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#18
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070622/sepsis-ptosis-an-unusual-diagnosis
#19
Brooke Leigh Powell, Oliver Toby Charles Morgan
The authors present the case of a 19-year old man presenting to the emergency department with a 2-day history of left eye pain and ptosis, facial pain around the maxillae, coryza, headaches and fevers. He had a background of autism, mild learning disability, obsessive-compulsive disorder and asthma. Within the last month, his risperidone and sertraline doses had been increased. Basic observations and investigations suggested sepsis: tachypnoea, sinus tachycardia, fever and a raised white cell count and C reactive protein level...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065375/cryptorchidism-and-increased-risk-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#20
Jianping Chen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Maohua Miao, Hong Liang, Vera Ehrenstein, Ziliang Wang, Wei Yuan, Jiong Li
Male congenital malformations as cryptorchidism may contribute to the development of neurodevelopmental disorders directly or via shared familial genetic and/or environmental factors, but the evidence is sparse. Using population-based health registries, we conducted a cohort study of all liveborn singleton boys in Denmark during 1979-2008. Boys with a diagnosis of cryptorchidism were categorized into the exposed cohort and the other boys into the unexposed comparison cohort. The outcomes were diagnoses of any neurodevelopmental disorders and their subtypes...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
keyword
keyword
4803
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"