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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335871/early-identification-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-is-diagnosis-by-age-3-a-reasonable-goal
#1
EDITORIAL
Angela M Reiersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333849/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-males-with-sex-chromosome-aneuploidy-xxy-klinefelter-syndrome-xyy-and-xxyy
#2
Nicole R Tartaglia, Rebecca Wilson, Judith S Miller, Jessica Rafalko, Lisa Cordeiro, Shanlee Davis, David Hessl, Judith Ross
OBJECTIVE: Neurodevelopmental concerns in males with sex chromosome aneuploidy (SCA) (XXY/Klinefelter syndrome, XYY, XXYY) include symptoms seen in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), such as language impairments and social difficulties. We aimed to: (1) evaluate ASD characteristics in research cohorts of SCA males under DSM-IV compared to DSM-5 criteria, and (2) analyze factors associated with ASD diagnoses in SCA. METHODS: Evaluation of participants with XXY/KS (n=20), XYY (n=57) and XXYY (n=21) included medical history, cognitive/adaptive testing, Social Communication Questionnaire, Social Responsiveness Scale, Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised, and DSM ASD criteria...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332277/sequencing-of-sporadic-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-identifies-novel-and-potentially-pathogenic-de-novo-variants-and-excludes-overlap-with-genes-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Daniel Seung Kim, Amber A Burt, Jane E Ranchalis, Beth Wilmot, Joshua D Smith, Karynne E Patterson, Bradley P Coe, Yatong K Li, Michael J Bamshad, Molly Nikolas, Evan E Eichler, James M Swanson, Joel T Nigg, Deborah A Nickerson, Gail P Jarvik
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has high heritability; however, studies of common variation account for <5% of ADHD variance. Using data from affected participants without a family history of ADHD, we sought to identify de novo variants that could account for sporadic ADHD. Considering a total of 128 families, two analyses were conducted in parallel: first, in 11 unaffected parent/affected proband trios (or quads with the addition of an unaffected sibling) we completed exome sequencing. Six de novo missense variants at highly conserved bases were identified and validated from four of the 11 families: the brain-expressed genes TBC1D9, DAGLA, QARS, CSMD2, TRPM2, and WDR83...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326792/-i-was-just-so-different-the-experiences-of-women-diagnosed-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-adulthood-in-relation-to-gender-and-social-relationships
#4
Lucie Kanfiszer, Fran Davies, Suzanne Collins
Existing literature exploring autism spectrum disorders within female populations predominantly utilises quantitative methodology. A limited number of small-scale, qualitative studies have explored the experiences of adolescent girls with autism spectrum disorder, but adult women have remained largely unheard. This study aims to broaden the stories told within autobiographical literature and empower those within the wider community of women with autism spectrum disorder. In doing so, it seeks to extend existing conceptualisations of experience to include socially and culturally located factors...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325448/diagnosis-of-autism-through-eeg-processed-by-advanced-computational-algorithms-a-pilot-study
#5
Enzo Grossi, Chiara Olivieri, Massimo Buscema
BACKGROUND: Multi-Scale Ranked Organizing Map coupled with Implicit Function as Squashing Time algorithm(MS-ROM/I-FAST) is a new, complex system based on Artificial Neural networks (ANNs) able to extract features of interest in computerized EEG through the analysis of few minutes of their EEG without any preliminary pre-processing. A proof of concept study previously published showed accuracy values ranging from 94%-98% in discerning subjects with Mild Cognitive Impairment and/or Alzheimer's Disease from healthy elderly people...
April 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323463/injury-mortality-in-individuals-with-autism
#6
Joseph Guan, Guohua Li
OBJECTIVES: To examine epidemiological patterns of injury fatalities in individuals with a diagnosis of autism. METHODS: We identified individuals with a diagnosis of autism who died between 1999 and 2014 by screening causes of death in the multiple cause-of-death data files in the National Vital Statistics System based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, code F84.0. We used the general US population as the reference to calculate proportionate mortality ratios (PMRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323454/interaction-behaviors-of-bilingual-parents-with-their-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Kristelle Hudry, Lisa Rumney, Nicole Pitt, Josephine Barbaro, Giacomo Vivanti
Given concerns that bilingual exposure might confuse children with disabilities-including autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-bilingual parents may restrict exposure to one language, often the community-dominant language. We investigated a potential consequence of this decision; the possibility that non-native language use might influence parental communicative behaviors during interaction with the child. We recruited 39 parent-child dyads, each with a young child with ASD (mostly boys) and parent/carer (mostly mothers)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322650/parental-feeding-behaviors-and-weight-related-concerns-in-children-with-special-needs
#8
Michele Polfuss, Pippa Simpson, Rachel Neff Greenley, Liyun Zhang, Kathleen J Sawin
Parental feeding behaviors and concern about child weight are associated with obesity among youth who are typically developing. Little is known about this relationship among parents of youth with special needs, despite these children having higher obesity risk. This study used an online survey to explore associations among parental feeding behaviors, parent weight concerns, demographics, and child weight status in a sample of 356 parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, spina bifida, and Down syndrome...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319657/risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-children-born-to-mothers-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
Sophie Wojcik, Sasha Bernatsky, Robert W Platt, Christian A Pineau, Ann E Clarke, Éric Fombonne, Anick Bérard, Évelyne Vinet
OBJECTIVE: Recent evidence suggests in utero exposure to maternal antibodies and cytokines as important risk factors for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We aimed to systematically review the risk of ASD in children born to mothers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared to children born to mothers without RA. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of original articles using electronic databases: PubMed, EMBase, and Web of Science. RESULTS: Our literature search identified a total of 70 articles...
March 20, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316772/neural-circuitry-at-age-6%C3%A2-months-associated-with-later-repetitive-behavior-and-sensory-responsiveness-in-autism
#10
Jason J Wolff, Meghan R Swanson, Jed T Elison, Guido Gerig, John R Pruett, Martin A Styner, Clement Vachet, Kelly N Botteron, Stephen R Dager, Annette M Estes, Heather C Hazlett, Robert T Schultz, Mark D Shen, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Joseph Piven
BACKGROUND: Restricted and repetitive behaviors are defining features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Under revised diagnostic criteria for ASD, this behavioral domain now includes atypical responses to sensory stimuli. To date, little is known about the neural circuitry underlying these features of ASD early in life. METHODS: Longitudinal diffusion tensor imaging data were collected from 217 infants at high familial risk for ASD. Forty-four of these infants were diagnosed with ASD at age 2...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314733/genetics-implicate-common-mechanisms-in-autism-and-schizophrenia-synaptic-activity-and-immunity
#11
REVIEW
Xiaoming Liu, Zhengwei Li, Conghai Fan, Dongli Zhang, Jiao Chen
The diagnosis of debilitating psychiatric disorders like autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia (SCHZ) is on the rise. These are severe conditions that lead to social isolation and require lifelong professional care. Improved diagnosis of ASD and SCHZ provides early access to medication and therapy, but the reality is that the mechanisms and the cellular pathology underlying these conditions are mostly unknown at this time. Although both ASD and SCHZ have strong inherited components, genetic risk seems to be distributed in hundreds of variants, each conferring low risk...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301476/classification-and-adaptive-behavior-prediction-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-based-upon-multivariate-data-analysis-of-markers-of-oxidative-stress-and-dna-methylation
#12
Daniel P Howsmon, Uwe Kruger, Stepan Melnyk, S Jill James, Juergen Hahn
The number of diagnosed cases of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) has increased dramatically over the last four decades; however, there is still considerable debate regarding the underlying pathophysiology of ASD. This lack of biological knowledge restricts diagnoses to be made based on behavioral observations and psychometric tools. However, physiological measurements should support these behavioral diagnoses in the future in order to enable earlier and more accurate diagnoses. Stepping towards this goal of incorporating biochemical data into ASD diagnosis, this paper analyzes measurements of metabolite concentrations of the folate-dependent one-carbon metabolism and transulfuration pathways taken from blood samples of 83 participants with ASD and 76 age-matched neurotypical peers...
March 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301087/response-to-changing-contingencies-in-infants-at-high-and-low-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Jessie B Northrup, Klaus Libertus, Jana M Iverson
One recently proposed theory of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) hypothesizes that individuals with the disorder may have difficulty using prior experiences to predict future events [Hellendoorn et al., 2015; Northrup, 2016; Sinha et al., 2014]. To date, this theory has not been tested in infancy. The current study analyzed how young infants at heightened (HR; older sibling with ASD) vs. low risk (LR; no first degree relatives with ASD) for ASD responded to changing contingencies when interacting with two visually identical rattles-one that produced sounds during shaking (Sound), and one that did not (Silent)...
March 16, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299880/rates-of-autism-and-potential-risk-factors-in-children-with-congenital-heart-defects
#14
Jessica L Bean Jaworski, Thomas Flynn, Nancy Burnham, Jesse L Chittams, Therese Sammarco, Marsha Gerdes, Judy C Bernbaum, Robert R Clancy, Cynthia B Solot, Elaine H Zackai, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, J William Gaynor
OBJECTIVE: Atypical development, behavioral difficulties, and academic underachievement are common morbidities in children with a history of congenital heart defects and impact quality of life. Language and social-cognitive deficits have been described, which are associated with autism spectrum disorders. The current study aimed to assess the rates of autism spectrum disorders in a large sample of children with a history of congenital heart defects and to assess medical, behavioral, and individual factors that may be associated with the risk of autism spectrum disorders...
March 16, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299159/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-a-community-based-sample-with-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-lagos-nigeria
#15
Yewande O Oshodi, Andrew T Olagunju, Motunrayo A Oyelohunnu, Elizabeth A Campbell, Charles S Umeh, Olatunji F Aina, Wellington Oyibo, Folusho E A Lesi, Joseph D Adeyemi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a globally prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder for which early diagnosis and intervention is the mainstay of management. In the African continent, limited data is available regarding the non-clinic based samples. Lack of information available to caregivers and inadequate skilled manpower often limit early detection and access to the few available though under resourced services in the community. Community based screening can be an important drive to create awareness and improve information dissemination regarding services available for those living with this disorder...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296209/the-urinary-1-h-nmr-metabolomics-profile-of-an-italian-autistic-children-population-and-their-unaffected-siblings
#16
Milena Lussu, Antonio Noto, Alice Masili, Andrea C Rinaldi, Angelica Dessì, Maria De Angelis, Andrea De Giacomo, Vassilios Fanos, Luigi Atzori, Ruggiero Francavilla
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) make a dishomogeneous group of psychiatric diseases having either genetic and environmental components, including changes of the microbiota. The rate of diagnosis, based on a series of psychological tests and observed behavior, dramatically increased in the past few decades. Currently, no biological markers are available and the pathogenesis is not defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential use of (1) H-NMR metabolomics to analyze the global biochemical signature of ASD patients (n = 21) and controls (n = 21), these being siblings of autistic patients...
March 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292384/association-of-learning-and-memory-calcineurin-binding-protein-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Abdulrahman Mohammed Alhowikan, Laila Y. Al- ayadhi, Adel Q. Alkhedaide
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of learning and memory calcineurin binding (CABIN1) protein with autism spectrum disorders. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparative study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Autism Research and Treatment Center, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from October 2013 to May 2014. METHODOLOGY: Serum levels of CABIN1 protein in 62 (64%) autistic male children were analysed and 35 (36%) age healthy children measured by using ELISA...
February 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288301/oral-health-assessment-of-a-group-of-children-with-autism-disorder
#18
Mariana C Morales-Chávez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to determine the oral status of a group of children with autism. STUDY DESIGN: An observational transversal study was carried out in 96 pediatric patients between the ages of 2 and 16 years old with a diagnosis of autism. The patients were assessed to determine the presence of caries with Index Caries (WHO criteria) and debris and calculus with the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index, as well as the type of diet they followed. RESULTS: It was established that 41...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287497/role-of-genetics-in-the-etiology-of-autistic-spectrum-disorder-towards-a-hierarchical-diagnostic-strategy
#19
REVIEW
Cyrille Robert, Laurent Pasquier, David Cohen, Mélanie Fradin, Roberto Canitano, Léna Damaj, Sylvie Odent, Sylvie Tordjman
Progress in epidemiological, molecular and clinical genetics with the development of new techniques has improved knowledge on genetic syndromes associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The objective of this article is to show the diversity of genetic disorders associated with ASD (based on an extensive review of single-gene disorders, copy number variants, and other chromosomal disorders), and consequently to propose a hierarchical diagnostic strategy with a stepwise evaluation, helping general practitioners/pediatricians and child psychiatrists to collaborate with geneticists and neuropediatricians, in order to search for genetic disorders associated with ASD...
March 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286917/characterizing-sleep-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
S E Goldman, M L Alder, H J Burgess, B A Corbett, R Hundley, D Wofford, D B Fawkes, L Wang, M L Laudenslager, B A Malow
We studied 28 adolescents/young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and 13 age/sex matched individuals of typical development (TD). Structured sleep histories, validated questionnaires, actigraphy (4 weeks), and salivary cortisol and melatonin (4 days each) were collected. Compared to those with TD, adolescents/young adults with ASD had longer sleep latencies and more difficulty going to bed and falling asleep. Morning cortisol, evening cortisol, and the morning-evening difference in cortisol did not differ by diagnosis (ASD vs...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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