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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347983/experiences-of-an-internet-based-support-and-coaching-model-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-adhd-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#1
Helena Sehlin, Britt Hedman Ahlström, Gerhard Andersson, Elisabet Wentz
BACKGROUND: There is a great demand for non-medical treatment and support targeting the needs of adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There is also a lack of qualitative studies providing in-depth insight into these individuals' own experiences within this area. The current study aimed to explore how adolescents and young adults with ADHD, ASD or both experienced taking part in an internet-based support and coaching intervention...
January 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346136/interdisciplinary-team-evaluation-an-effective-method-for-the-diagnostic-assessment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Jennifer Gerdts, James Mancini, Emily Fox, Candace Rhoads, Tracey Ward, Erin Easley, Raphael A Bernier
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research is to assess the feasibility of an interdisciplinary team diagnostic assessment model for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: Medical records from 366 patients evaluated for ASD at the Seattle Children's Autism Center (SCAC) were reviewed. ASD diagnostic outcomes, provider satisfaction, engagement in follow-up care, billed time, and reimbursement amounts were compared in patients evaluated through an interdisciplinary team approach (n = 91) with those seen in multidisciplinary evaluations led by either a psychologist (n = 165) or a physician (n = 110)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329259/extreme-overvalued-beliefs-how-violent-extremist-beliefs-become-normalized
#3
Tahir Rahman
Extreme overvalued beliefs (EOB) are rigidly held, non-deusional beliefs that are the motive behind most acts of terrorism and mass shootings. EOBs are differentiated from delusions and obsessions. The concept of an overvalued idea was first described by Wernicke and later applied to terrorism by McHugh. Our group of forensic psychiatrists (Rahman, Resnick, Harry) refined the definition as an aid in the differential diagnosis seen in acts of violence. The form and content of EOBs is discussed as well as group effects, conformity, and obedience to authority...
January 12, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325234/prospective-associations-between-infant-sleep-at-12-months-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-screening-scores-at-24-months-in-a-community-based-birth-cohort
#4
A K Danny Nguyen, Laura E Murphy, Mehmet Kocak, Frances A Tylavsky, Linda S Pagani
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems have been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms and diagnosis. However, past research has studied the simultaneous association of sleep problems with precursor ASD symptoms. Using data from a birth cohort, we estimate prospective associations between infant sleep characteristics at 12 months and later ASD screening scores at 24 months. METHODS: We obtained data from children (N = 1,096) and their mothers as participants in the Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early Childhood longitudinal birth cohort study...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310907/co-occurrence-and-severity-of-neurodevelopmental-burden-cognitive-impairment-cerebral-palsy-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-epilepsy-at-age-10-years-in-children-born-extremely-preterm
#5
Rachel G Hirschberger, Karl C K Kuban, Thomas M O'Shea, Robert M Joseph, Tim Heeren, Laurie Douglass, Carl E Stafstrom, Hernan Jara, Jean A Frazier, Deborah Hirtz, Julie Rollins, Nigel Paneth
BACKGROUND: This study aims to determine the prevalence of neurodevelopmental impairments at age ten years among children born extremely preterm (less than 28 weeks gestational age) and to offer a framework for categorizing neurological limitations. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective cohort follow-up study recruited 889 ten-year-old children born from 2002 to 2004. We assessed prevalence of cognitive impairment, measured by intelligent quotient and tests of executive function, cerebral palsy (CP), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and epilepsy singly and in combination...
November 13, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309384/toe-walking-a-neurological-perspective-after-referral-from-pediatric-orthopaedic-surgeons
#6
Katherine B Haynes, Robert L Wimberly, Jonathan M VanPelt, Chan-Hee Jo, Anthony I Riccio, Mauricio R Delgado
BACKGROUND: Toe walking (TW) in children is often idiopathic in origin. Our purpose was to determine the incidence of a neurological etiology for TW in patients seen in the neurology clinic after referral from pediatric orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: We performed an Institutional Review Board approved retrospective review of 174 patients referred to the neurology clinic from orthopaedic surgeons at an academic pediatric tertiary care center between January 2010 and September 2015...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309380/autism-spectrum-disorder-in-primary-care
#7
Victoria A Weill, Stefanie Zavodny, Margaret C Souders
Nurse practitioners working in the primary care setting will commonly see children with autism spectrum disorder. It is important for clinicians to be vigilant for subtle developmental signs that can lead to early identification and diagnosis. This article presents information on assessment, screening, the responsibilities of coordinating services, and ways to support families.
February 16, 2018: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307037/autism-spectrum-symptomatology-among-children-with-duplication-7q11-23-syndrome
#8
Bonita P Klein-Tasman, Carolyn B Mervis
Gold-standard diagnostic assessments of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptomatology were conducted on 63 children (mean CA: 8.81 years) with 7q11.23 duplication syndrome, one of the copy number variants identified by Sanders et al. (Neuron 70:863-885, 2011a) as associated with ASD. ASD classification rate was 39.6% for the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and 25.4% for the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 (ADOS-2). Based on these assessments combined with clinical judgment, 19.0% of children were diagnosed with ASD...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307036/acceptance-or-despair-maternal-adjustment-to-having-a-child-diagnosed-with-autism
#9
Nikko S Da Paz, Bryna Siegel, Michael A Coccia, Elissa S Epel
Psychological adjustment to having one's child diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder has important implications for a parent's mental health. In a longitudinal study, we examined the association between maternal adjustment to the diagnosis and measures of distress and well-being in 90 mothers of children with autism (baseline and 18 months). We used a novel 30-item scale "Adjustment to the Diagnosis of Autism." Factor analysis identified three dimensions of adjustment: acceptance, self-blame, and despair...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304784/ethical-aspects-of-diagnosis-and-interventions-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-and-their-families
#10
Gert Helgesson, Göran Bertilsson, Helena Domeij, Gunilla Fahlström, Emelie Heintz, Anders Hjern, Christina Nehlin Gordh, Viviann Nordin, Jenny Rangmar, Ann-Margret Rydell, Viveka Sundelin Wahlsten, Monica Hultcrantz
BACKGROUND: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term covering several conditions for which alcohol consumption during pregnancy is taken to play a causal role. The benefit of individuals being identified with a condition within FASD remains controversial. The objective of the present study was to identify ethical aspects and consequences of diagnostics, interventions, and family support in relation to FASD. METHODS: Ethical aspects relating to diagnostics, interventions, and family support regarding FASD were compiled and discussed, drawing on a series of discussions with experts in the field, published literature, and medical ethicists...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304372/a-comprehensive-workflow-for-read-depth-based-identification-of-copy-number-variation-from-whole-genome-sequence-data
#11
Brett Trost, Susan Walker, Zhuozhi Wang, Bhooma Thiruvahindrapuram, Jeffrey R MacDonald, Wilson W L Sung, Sergio L Pereira, Joe Whitney, Ada J S Chan, Giovanna Pellecchia, Miriam S Reuter, Si Lok, Ryan K C Yuen, Christian R Marshall, Daniele Merico, Stephen W Scherer
A remaining hurdle to whole-genome sequencing (WGS) becoming a first-tier genetic test has been accurate detection of copy-number variations (CNVs). Here, we used several datasets to empirically develop a detailed workflow for identifying germline CNVs >1 kb from short-read WGS data using read depth-based algorithms. Our workflow is comprehensive in that it addresses all stages of the CNV-detection process, including DNA library preparation, sequencing, quality control, reference mapping, and computational CNV identification...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299606/association-of-maternal-use-of-folic-acid-and-multivitamin-supplements-in-the-periods-before-and-during-pregnancy-with-the-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-offspring
#12
Stephen Z Levine, Arad Kodesh, Alexander Viktorin, Lauren Smith, Rudolf Uher, Abraham Reichenberg, Sven Sandin
Importance: The association of maternal use of folic acid and multivitamin supplements before and during pregnancy with the risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring is unclear. Objective: To examine the associations between the use of maternal folic acid and multivitamin supplements before and during pregnancy and the risk of ASD in offspring. Design, Setting, and Participants: A case-control cohort study of 45 300 Israeli children born between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2007, were followed up from birth to January 26, 2015, for the risk of ASD...
January 3, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289663/identification-of-the-antigenic-epitopes-of-maternal-autoantibodies-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Elizabeth Edmiston, Karen L Jones, Tam Vu, Paul Ashwood, Judy Van de Water
Several groups have described the presence of fetal brain-reactive maternal autoantibodies in the plasma of some mothers whose children have autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We previously identified seven autoantigens targeted by these maternal autoantibodies, each of which is expressed at significant levels in the developing brain and has demonstrated roles in typical neurodevelopment. To further understand the binding repertoire of the maternal autoantibodies, as well as the presence of any meaningful differences with respect to the recognition and binding of these ASD- specific autoantibodies to each of these neuronal autoantigens, we utilized overlapping peptide microarrays incubated with maternal plasma samples obtained from the Childhood Autism Risk from Genetics and Environment (CHARGE) Study...
December 28, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280230/high-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-hypertension-and-obesity-among-persons-with-a-recorded-diagnosis-of-intellectual-disability-or-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
E Flygare Wallén, G Ljunggren, A C Carlsson, D Pettersson, P Wändell
BACKGROUND: Obesity and lack of physical activity are frequently reported in persons with intellectual disability (ID) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We hypothesised a higher prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in this population. METHOD: We used administrative data for all primary and specialist outpatient and inpatient healthcare consultations for people with at least one recorded diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, hypertension or obesity from 1998 to 2015...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277263/genetics-of-human-epilepsies-continuing-progress
#15
Pierre Szepetowski
Numerous epilepsy genes have been identified in the last years, mostly in the (rare) monogenic forms and thanks to the increased availability and the decreased cost of next-generation sequencing approaches. Besides the somehow expected group of epilepsy genes encoding various ion channel subunits (e.g. sodium or potassium channel subunits, or GABA receptors, or glutamate-gated NMDA receptors), more diversity has emerged recently, with novel epilepsy genes encoding proteins playing a wide range of physiological roles at the cellular and molecular levels, such as synaptic proteins, members of the mTOR pathway, or proteins involved in chromatin remodeling...
December 22, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262466/-consensus-on-early-identification-screening-and-early-intervention-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260439/eye-movement-research-in-the-twenty-first-century-a-window-to-the-brain-mind-and-more
#17
EDITORIAL
Aasef G Shaikh, David S Zee
The study of eye movements not only addresses debilitating neuro-ophthalmological problems but has become an essential tool of basic neuroscience research. Eye movements are a classic way to evaluate brain function-traditionally in disorders affecting the brainstem and cerebellum. Abnormalities of eye movements have localizing value and help narrow the differential diagnosis of complex neurological problems. More recently, using sophisticated behavioral paradigms, measurement of eye movements has also been applied to disorders of the thalamus, basal ganglia, and cerebral cortex...
December 19, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251835/child-and-family-characteristics-moderate-agreement-between-caregiver-and-clinician-report-of-autism-symptoms
#18
Emily Neuhaus, Theodore P Beauchaine, Raphael A Bernier, Sara J Webb
Rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and age at first diagnosis vary considerably across the United States and are moderated by children's sex, race, ethnicity, and availability of services. We additionally suggest that degree of caregiver-clinician agreement on ASD symptoms may play a role in ASD assessment. Since gold standard ASD assessment integrates caregiver-reported developmental history with clinician observations, differential agreement between reporters across demographic groups may contribute to a host of detrimental outcomes...
December 18, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250725/angelman-syndrome-due-to-ube3a-gene-mutation
#19
Jyotindra Narayan Goswami, Jitendra Kumar Sahu, Pratibha Singhi
A 12-y-old boy presented with developmental delay, autism, epilepsy, limb tremors and behavioral problems which posed a diagnostic challenge. Though his clinical profile and electroencephalogram were suggestive of Angelman syndrome, initial genetic tests were unyielding. Exome sequencing revealed a previously unreported mutation of Ubiquitin Protein Ligase E3A (UBE3A) gene, confirming the diagnosis of Angelman syndrome. The case is aimed to sensitize pediatricians about Angelman syndrome and to highlight the role of sequential investigations in establishing the diagnosis...
December 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249338/wavelet-coherence-based-classifier-a-resting-state-functional-mri-study-on-neurodynamics-in-adolescents-with-high-functioning-autism
#20
Antoine Bernas, Albert P Aldenkamp, Svitlana Zinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis requires a long and elaborate procedure. Due to the lack of a biomarker, the procedure is subjective and is restricted to evaluating behavior. Several attempts to use functional MRI as an assisting tool (as classifier) have been reported, but they barely reach an accuracy of 80%, and have not usually been replicated or validated with independent datasets. Those attempts have used functional connectivity and structural measurements...
February 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
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