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Colon cancer obstruction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679809/colonic-ischemia-mimicking-obstruction-due-to-sigmoid-colon-cancer-a-case-report
#1
Jiro Kimura, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Tadao Kubota
INTRODUCTION: Colonic ischemia is challenging to diagnose preoperatively. We present a patient with colonic ischemia, initially considered to have colonic obstruction. We review the history, physical findings, imaging, operative documents and postoperative diagnosis of this patient with an atypical presentation of colonic ischemia. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 74-year old female presented with dyspnea on exertion and melena. A tumor in the sigmoid colon was identified by colonoscopy and biopsy showed adenocarcinoma...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674405/localised-perforation-of-locally-advanced-transverse-colon-cancer-with-spontaneous-colocutaneous-fistula-formation-a-clinical-challenge
#2
Nikita Wadhwani, Deepak Kumar Diwakar
Colon cancer can present with complications such as obstruction, perforation and bleeding. The clinical presentation has been recognised as an independent prognostic factor for morbidity and mortality. 1 We present a rare case of localised perforation of a locally advanced colon cancer arising from mid-transverse colon in an elderly woman in the absence of widely metastatic disease with eventual cutaneous involvement of the overlying skin by direct extension, resulting in formation of colocutaneous fistula...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669684/impact-on-surgical-and-oncological-results-of-the-use-of-colonic-stents-as-a-bridge-to-surgery-for-potentially-curable-occlusive-colorectal-neoplasms
#3
Antònia Crespí-Mir, Juan Manuel Romero-Marcos, Anabel de la Llave-Serralvo, Carlos Dolz-Abadía, José Andrés Cifuentes-Ródenas
INTRODUCTION: The outcomes of patients treated with colonic stents as a bridge to surgery (BTS) have recently been questioned in terms of safety and long-term oncologic outcomes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects on surgical and oncologic outcomes of colonic stents as a BTS for potentially resectable obstructive colorectal cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients operated on for potentially resectable obstructive colorectal cancer with or without distant disease between September 2002 and October 2015, comparing the patients treated with a colonic stent as a BTS (Stent group) with those directly operated on (Surgery group)...
April 15, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663068/prevalence-of-colorectal-cancer-in-acute-uncomplicated-diverticulitis-and-the-role-of-the-interval-colonoscopy
#4
Yock Teck Nicholas Soh, Kai Ann Daryl Chia, Nan Zun Teo, Jian Ming Calvin Ong, Ramesh Wijaya
PURPOSE: Although computed tomography (CT) is the imaging modality of choice for diagnosing colonic diverticulitis today, there remains a risk of colorectal cancer mimicking diverticulitis due to overlapping imaging features. Current practice guidelines recommend interval colonoscopy after diverticulitis to exclude occult malignancy. Some authors have suggested that this may be unnecessary in patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis. The aim of our study was to examine the prevalence of occult colorectal cancer in patients with CT-proven acute uncomplicated diverticulitis in an Asian population...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661276/postoperative-morbidity-and-mortality-for-malignant-colon-obstruction-the-american-college-of-surgeon-calculator-reliability
#5
Maxime K Collard, David Moszkowicz, Anne-Caroline Clause-Verdreau, Alain Beauchet, Tristan Cudennec, Karina Vychnevskaia, Robert Malafosse, Frédérique Peschaud
BACKGROUND: The American College of surgical risk calculator (SRC) score has never been validated specifically for surgery in emergency. The objective was to evaluate the reliability of this calculator in patients with malignant colon obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively have analyzed the morbidity and mortality observed in operated patients. Risk factors for postoperative morbidity and mortality were analyzed by logistic regression model. We have compared the morbidity and mortality estimated by the SRC score with that observed using the Brier Score (BS)...
June 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657714/non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-detection-in-the-lower-airways-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Krishna B Sriram, Amanda J Cox, Pathmanathan Sivakumaran, Maninder Singh, Annabelle M Watts, Nicholas P West, Allan W Cripps
Background: Chronic airway inflammation and hypersensitivity to bacterial infection may contribute to lung cancer pathogenesis. Previous studies have demonstrated that nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is the most common colonizing bacteria in the lower airways of patients with COPD. The objective of this study was to determine the presence of NTHi and immunoglobulin concentrations in patients with lung cancer, COPD and controls. Methods: Serum and bronchial wash samples were collected from patients undergoing diagnostic bronchoscopy...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650936/-review-of-the-efficacy-of-endoscopic-stenting-for-malignant-colorectal-obstruction-at-tokyo-metropolitan-ohtsuka-hospital
#7
Taiki Masuda, Sakiko Yabe, Eisuke Yamamoto, Kenta Kobayashi, Tetsunori Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: The use of self-expandable metallic stent(SEMS)was first authorized by insurance and became available nationwide in Japan in 2012. Insertion of SEMS for colorectal obstruction due to colorectal cancer is useful as a bridge to surgery(BTS)approach and releases stenosis as palliative care. AIM: To assess the outcomes of SEMS placement for colorectal obstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 14 patients were treated with SEMS between April 2014 and March 2017...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650907/-cases-of-oncologic-emergency-associated-with-colorectal-cancer
#8
Yukihisa Nishimura, Masayuki Yubakami, Nobuyuki Watanabe, Yutaka Kondo, Kazuto Ujiie, Momoko Todo, Yoshitaka Nakamura, Kiyoto Atsuji, Akihiro Yamaguchi, Naoki Kakihara, Osamu Ikawa, Hiroki Taniguchi
The clinical condition of oncologic emergency associated with colorectal cancer includes hemorrhage, perforation and obstruction. Obstructive colorectal cancer is an oncologic emergency commonly observed in our daily clinical practice. Colonic stent placement for obstructive colorectal cancer is relatively easy and safe and may be considered as an effective treatment method that enables favorable intestinal decompression preoperatively and one-stage resection. Colonic stent use can be a bridge to surgery, enabling shorter duration of hospitalization, and reduced postoperative complications, and colostomy rates, as compared to emergency surgery...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650833/-a-case-of-local-recurrence-of-descending-colon-cancer-with-ileus-obstruction-and-lung-liver-and-brain-metastasis
#9
Ryouichi Tomita, Shigeru Fujisaki, Kenichi Sakurai, Takeo Azuhata, Yuko Takamoto
We report a 50-year-old man with local recurrence of descending colon cancer with ileus obstruction and brain metastasis, 2 years 6 months after initial resection due to perforation of descending colon cancer(Hartmann procedure, D2 lymph node resection, Stage II, tub2). He complained of left upper abdominal pain and abdominal fullness. He also complained of paresis of the right upper extremity and of experiencing convulsions 1 month before admission. He was diagnosed with local recurrence of descending colon cancer, based on findings of contrast radiography and the presence of colonic fiber...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643958/outcomes-and-complications-of-self-expanding-metal-stent-placement-for-malignant-colonic-obstruction-in-a-single-center-study
#10
Rafał Stankiewicz, Sławomir Kozieł, Jan Pertkiewicz, Krzysztof Zieniewicz
Introduction: Approximately 20% of cases of colorectal cancer are accompanied by acute colonic obstruction. While emergency colonic surgery is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates, placement of a self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) has been suggested as an alternative method. The SEMS placement can serve as either a definitive treatment in palliative cases or a bridge to surgery. Aim: To summarize the experience of our center in the treatment of malignant colonic obstruction using SEMS placement...
March 2018: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610931/optimal-surgery-for-mid-transverse-colon-cancer-laparoscopic-extended-right-hemicolectomy-versus-laparoscopic-transverse-colectomy
#11
Takeru Matsuda, Yasuo Sumi, Kimihiro Yamashita, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Masashi Yamamoto, Yoshiko Matsuda, Shingo Kanaji, Taro Oshikiri, Tetsu Nakamura, Satoshi Suzuki, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: Although the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic surgery for transverse colon cancer have been shown by the recent studies, the optimal laparoscopic approach for mid-transverse colon cancer is controversial. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with the mid-transverse colon cancer at our institutions between January 2007 and April 2017. Thirty-eight and 34 patients who received extended right hemicolectomy and transverse colectomy, respectively, were enrolled...
April 2, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595689/single-port-surgery-sps-strategy-for-small-bowel-obstruction-sbo-caused-by-postoperative-internal-hernia-a-series-case-report
#12
Kohei Taniguchi, Ryo Iida, Koshi Ota, Mitsuhiro Asakuma, Kazuhisa Uchiyama, Akira Takasu
RATIONALE: Internal hernia due to postoperative adhesions sometimes causes small bowel obstruction (SBO) and requires emergency surgery. The difficulties in the management of SBO with internal hernia include accurate diagnosis and estimation of its ischemic degree and of the risk of SBO recurrences following the surgical procedure. Laparoscopic surgery is a noninvasive to reduce postoperative adhesions and therefore has been widely used recently. However, surgeons often tend to hesitate in applying laparoscopic surgery for SBO because of some situational disadvantages such as poor operating space or iatrogenic bowel injury...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576788/successful-treatment-of-a-catheter-induced-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-through-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-a-case-report
#13
Reza Ghanavati, Ali Amiri, Nafiseh Ansarinejad, Shokoufeh Hajsadeghi, Hasan Riahi Beni, Seyyed Hashem Sezavar
Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a medical condition resulting from the obstruction of the blood flow through the large central veins. Recently, central venous catheters have been reported as the increasingly common cause of this syndrome. We describe a 56-year-old woman with previous history of metastatic colon cancer, who had recently undergone central venous catheter insertion for her second chemotherapy course. Eight days following port insertion, she presented with signs and symptoms suggestive of acute SVC syndrome, which was successfully managed with catheter-directed thrombolysis...
October 2017: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572575/metastatic-colonic-and-gastric-polyps-from-breast-cancer-resembling-hyperplastic-polyps
#14
Yoshiya Horimoto, Tetsuro Hirashima, Atsushi Arakawa, Hiroyoshi Miura, Mitsue Saito
Breast cancer metastasis to the gastrointestinal tract is relatively rare and is generally found when patients complain of symptoms such as gastrointestinal obstruction. Herein, we report a case with metastatic colonic and gastric lesions from breast cancer, with the formation of mucosal polyps which resembled typical hyperplastic polyps.A 47-year-old woman underwent curable surgery for breast cancer and received standard systemic treatments. Her primary tumor was composed of a mix of invasive lobular and ductal carcinomas...
March 23, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564039/case-of-pancreatic-metastasis-from-colon-cancer-in-which-cell-block-using-the-trefle-%C3%A2-endoscopic-scraper-enables-differential-diagnosis-from-pancreatic-cancer
#15
Akihisa Kato, Itaru Naitoh, Hiroyuki Kato, Kazuki Hayashi, Katsuyuki Miyabe, Michihiro Yoshida, Yasuki Hori, Makoto Natsume, Naruomi Jinno, Takeshi Yanagita, Shuji Takiguchi, Satoru Takahashi, Takashi Joh
Endoscopic transpapillary brush cytology and forceps biopsy during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatology are generally used to obtain pathological evidence of biliary strictures. Recently, the new endoscopic scraper Trefle® has been reported and demonstrated high cancer detectability in malignant biliary strictures. This device is used to scrape the stricture over the guidewire, and, in the original method, the tissue and/or cell samples obtained are subjected to histological and/or cytological analysis separately...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509539/cervical-exenteration-guidelines-and-surgical-technique-principles
#16
Constantin Ciuce, Răzvan Scurtu, Cătălin Ciuce, Raluca Apostu, Horea Bocşe, George Dindelegan
Introduction: Neoplastic invasion of the structures of the cervical region originating from a malignant tumour developed in one of the viscera of the throat may benefit from cervical exenteration. Defined as resection of the hypopharynx, cervical oesophagus, larynx and cervical trachea, exenteration has limited indications and is mandatorily accompanied by digestive tube reconstruction. The aim of this article is to highlight the indication, surgical strategy and important surgical stages illustrated by images from personal professional experience...
January 2018: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508182/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-model-for-postoperative-peritoneal-metastasis-after-curative-resection-of-colon-cancer
#17
Hiroshi Nagata, Soichiro Ishihara, Koji Oba, Toshiaki Tanaka, Keisuke Hata, Kazushige Kawai, Hiroaki Nozawa
BACKGROUND: Detection of peritoneal metastasis remains challenging due to the limited sensitivity of current examination methods. This study aimed to establish a prediction model for estimating the individual risk of postoperative peritoneal metastasis from colon cancer to facilitate early interventions for high-risk patients. METHODS: This study investigated 1720 patients with stages 1-3 colon cancer who underwent curative resection at the University of Tokyo Hospital between 1997 and 2015...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495118/what-are-the-predictive-factors-of-caecal-perforation-in-patients-with-obstructing-distal-colon-cancer
#18
C Sabbagh, N Siembida, T Yzet, B Robert, C Chivot, F Browet, F Mauvais, J M Regimbeau
AIM: In the presence of large bowel obstruction, the choice of treatment is determined by the patient's general status, tumour characteristics, and the perceived risk of of caecal perforation.. This study was designed to evaluate the t predictive factors of impending caecal perforation, and also investigated the the use of caecal volumetry. METHOD: From January 2011 to June 2016, patients with obstructive distal colon cancer, undergoing emergency laparotomy, for whom a pretreatment CT scan was available, were included in this retrospective, case control, two-centre study...
March 1, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492920/-d2-radical-resection-of-omental-bursa-and-no-12p-and-no-8p-for-gastric-carcinoma-a-retrospectively-analysis-from-a-single-center-in-china
#19
Luchuan Chen, Shenghong Wei, Zaisheng Ye, Jun Xiao, Yi Zeng, Yi Wang, Zhenmeng Lin, Zhitao Lin, Xiaoling Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safty and feasibility of the D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No.12p and No.8p for gastric carcinoma (GC). METHODS: Clinical data of 1801 GC patients undergoing D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No.12p and No.8p at Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2000 to January 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. Inclusion case criteria: (1)age of 18 to 90 years;(2)pathologically diagnosed as GC and receiving D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484065/a-successful-case-of-a-para-aortic-lymphocele-treated-with-autologous-peripheral-blood-injection
#20
Keiji Nishibeppu, Tomohiro Arita, Masayoshi Nakanishi, Yoshiaki Kuriu, Yasutoshi Murayama, Katsutoshi Shoda, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Hirotaka Konishi, Ryo Morimura, Shuhei Komatsu, Atsushi Shiozaki, Hisashi Ikoma, Daisuke Ichikawa, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Kazuma Okamoto, Eigo Otsuji
A lymphocele is one of the complications of systematic pelvic or para-aortic lymphadenectomy. Although most patients are entirely asymptomatic, our patient exhibited an obstructive ileus at the jejunum compressed by a lymphocele. We report here a case of a subsequent para-aortic lymphocele treated with autologous peripheral blood injection. A 68-year-old woman with sigmoid colon cancer (T3N2bM1a) underwent laparoscopic sigmoidectomy. After 4 courses of chemotherapy (CapeOX + Bmab), para-aortic lymphadenectomy was additionally performed...
December 2017: Radiology Case Reports
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