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Zhuolei Zhang, Shenqiang Ren
Luminescent network: Colloidal excimer superstructures with unique optical and electronic properties have recently been described. Ground-state gold cluster cores were held together by the hydrogen-bonding network formed by their capping ligands, which enabled excimer formation.
October 20, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Leandro P Ravaro, Tiago R Almeida, Rodrigo Q Albuquerque, Andrea S S de Camargo
The polynuclear complex Cu4I4py4 has been largely studied in solution and in the powder form due to its interesting luminescent properties, which are largely dependent on temperature and pressure. In this work, we present the synthesis of the complex and its wet impregnation in a mesoporous silica host obtained by sol-gel methodology. For optimized loadings, the well-dispersed guest molecules exhibit strong interaction with molecular oxygen, resulting in a significant quenching of the luminescence. The process is highly reversible with a Stern-Volmer constant of Ksv = 33...
October 17, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Thandar Aye, Thanh Trung Phan, Douglas Findlay Muir, Nicholas John Linker, Richard Hartley, Andrew John Turley
AIM: This new laser facilitated 'inside-out' technique was used for transvenous pacemaker insertion in a pacemaker-dependent patient with bilateral subclavian occlusion and a failed epicardial system who is not suitable for a transfemoral approach. METHOD AND RESULTS: Procedure was undertaken under general anaesthesia with venous access obtained from right femoral vein and left axillary vein. 7F multipurpose catheter was used to enter proximal edge of the occluded segment of subclavian vein via femoral approach, which then supported stiff angioplasty wires and microcatheters to tunnel into the body of occlusion...
October 14, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Sarah Moussa, Alois Dexl, Eva Maria Krall, Marie Dietrich, Eva-Maria Arlt, Günther Grabner, Josef Ruckhofer
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare visual and refractive outcomes after laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery for the correction of myopia or myopic astigmatism using 3 different treatment protocols. METHODS: We included 736 eyes of 369 patients (age 18-62 years) divided into 3 groups: 235 eyes of 118 patients (MEL80 group) undergoing LASIK using optimized aspheric ablation profiles (MEL80 excimer laser; Carl Zeiss Meditec), 248 eyes of 124 patients (Wavescan group) undergoing wavefront-guided (WFG) LASIK (STAR S4IR excimer laser + Wavescan aberrometer; Abbott Medical Optics), and 253 eyes of 127 patients (iDesign group) undergoing WFG LASIK (STAR S4IR excimer laser + iDesign system; Abbott Medical Optics)...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Mario Gutierrez, Boiko Cohen, Félix Sánchez, Abderrazzak Douhal
Understanding of the photocatalytic behaviour of Zr-based MOFs is fundamental for the improved design of new and more efficient photocatalysts. The present work describes steady-state and photodynamical studies on the behavior of two MOFs: Zr-2,6-naphthalene dicarboxylate (Zr-NDC) and Zr-4-amino-2,6-naphthalene dicarboxylate (Zr-NADC, 65% NDC/35% NADC) in dichloromethane (DCM) and N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) suspensions. In the DMF suspension, the Zr-NDC MOF exhibits excimer formation in 280 ps due to the interactions between neighboring linkers...
October 12, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
William T Kuo, Justin I Odegaard, Jarrett K Rosenberg, Lawrence V Hofmann
BACKGROUND: Many patients are subjected to the potential risks and morbidity associated with an indwelling IVC filter when standard methods fail to remove the filter. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the excimer laser-sheath technique for removing embedded IVC filters. METHODS: Over a 5-year period, 251 consecutive patients undergoing laser-assisted filter retrieval were prospectively enrolled. There were 103 men and 148 women (mean:46 years, range:15-82)...
October 8, 2016: Chest
Weigang Zhu, Lingyun Zhu, Lingjie Sun, Yonggang Zhen, Huanli Dong, Zhixiang Wei, Wenping Hu
The spectroscopic and photophysical properties of organic materials in the solid-state are widely accepted as a result of their molecular packing structure and intermolecular interactions, such as J- and H-aggregation, charge-transfer (CT), excimer and exciplex. However, in this work, we show that Spe-F4 DIB cocrystals (SFCs) surprisingly retain the energy levels of photoluminescence (PL) states of Spe crystals, despite a significantly altered molecular packing structure after cocrystallization. In comparison, Npe-F4 DIB cocrystals (NFCs) with new spectroscopic states display different spectra and photophysical behaviors as compared with those of individual component crystals...
October 10, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
V Malheiro, F Lehner, V Dinca, P Hoffmann, K Maniura-Weber
The typical foreign body response (FBR) to synthetic implants is characterized by local inflammation and tissue fibrosis. Silicone implants have been associated with the development of adverse capsular contraction (ACC); a form of excessive FBR to the material that often requires the replacement of the implant. It has been shown that surface roughening of silicone can reduce the prevalence of ACC, but the mechanisms remain poorly understood. Macrophages are key cells in FBR. They exert their control mainly by polarizing into pro-inflammatory (M1) or pro-healing (M2) cells...
October 18, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Arun Kumar Jain, Chintan Malhotra, Anand Pasari, Pawan Kumar, Majid Moshirfar
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of topography-guided and wavefront-optimized treatment in patients having laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia. SETTING: Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. DESIGN: Prospective contralateral-eye case study. METHODS: Patients had topography-guided LASIK in 1 eye and wavefront-optimized LASIK in the contralateral eye using the Customized Refractive Surgery Master software and Mel 80 excimer laser...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Yuan Zeng, Jian-Hua Gao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Mydrin eye-drops on central corneal thickness values and investigate the duration of the effect. METHODS: In this prospective randomised self-controlled study, we enrolled 60 myopic patients (120 eyes) undergoing corneal laser refractive surgery. The central corneal thickness was measured before and one and four hours after administration of Mydrin eye-drops (major components are tropicamide and phenylephrine hydrochloride) using the Orbscan II anterior segment analysis system and a SP-2000P non-contact specular microscope, respectively...
September 29, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
Eleanor Higgins, Nicola Ralph, Sheila Ryan, Nicola Koik, Bahman Honari, Aoife Lally, Paul Collins
This study compared two dose-escalation regimens using the 308 nm excimer laser treating localised plaque psoriasis, to determine the optimal regimen. A randomised, left-right body trial was designed including patients aged >18 years with localised plaque psoriasis (<10% body surface area). The standard/low dose regimen started at 70% of the minimal erythema dose (MED), with 20% dose increments. The medium dose regimen commenced at 200% MED, with 25% increments. Patients were treated until disease clearance or a maximum of 36 treatments...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Wolfgang Tress, Beatrice Beyer, Negar Ashari Astani, Feng Gao, Simone Meloni, Ursula Rothlisberger
Efficient organic solar cells are based on (electron) donor-acceptor heterojunctions. An optically generated excited molecular state (exciton) is dissociated at this junction, forming a charge-transfer (CT) state in an intermediate step before the electron and hole are completely separated. The observed highly efficient dissociation of this Coulombically bound state raises the question on the dissociation mechanism. Here, we show that the observed high quantum yields of charge carrier generation and CT state dissociation are due to extended (and consequently weakly bound) CT states visible in absorption and emission spectra and first-principles calculations...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Meili Zhao, Xiufen Zhou, Jian Tang, Zhifu Deng, Xuan Xu, Zhi Chen, Xutian Li, Liting Yang, Li-Jun Ma
Pyrene excimer usually serves as a chromogenic unit for developing ratiometric fluorescent sensors. But this study used excimer as a large hydrophobic group to regulate the molecular hydrophobicity, and obtained a new fluorescent sensor, N, N-bi[4(1-pyrene)-butyroyl]ornithine (1), for detection and removal of Fe(3+) and Pb(2+) from aqueous solutions. The coordination of 1 and Fe(3+) in the aqueous solution or even pure water forms removable flocculent precipitates, accompanied by obvious fluorescent quenching of emission spectra...
September 21, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Judit Karacsonyi, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Khaldoon Alaswad, Farouc A Jaffer, Robert W Yeh, Mitul Patel, John Bahadorani, Anthony Doing, Ziad A Ali, Aris Karatasakis, Barbara A Danek, Bavana V Rangan, Aya J Alame, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
BACKGROUND: Balloon uncrossable lesions can be challenging to treat, requiring specialized techniques and equipment. METHODS: We examined the prevalence, clinical and angiographic characteristics, management and procedural outcomes of balloon uncrossable lesions in a multicenter chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) registry. RESULTS: Between 2012 and 2016, 718 CTO PCIs (in which the occlusion was successfully crossed with a guidewire) were performed in 701 patients at 11 US centers...
September 21, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Li Lei, Jinhua Huang, Qinghai Zeng, Caiyun Xi, Aiyuan Guo, Jing Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and influential factors for 308 nm excimer laser in the treatment of stable vitiligo patients.
 METHODS: A total of 207 stable vitiligo patients with 1 763 patches were treated with 308 nm excimer laser. Open-label study was carried out to investigate the efficacy and safety regarding the treatment with 308 nm excimer laser, and to compare the response under different conditions including gender, age, duration, lesion location, and hair color...
September 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Dorothy L Rodenbeck, Jonathan I Silverberg, Nanette B Silverberg
Phototherapy is a second-line treatment for moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (AD) that effectively decreases cutaneous inflammation with minimal or no systemic side effects. Children in grade school, adolescents, and adults may benefit from phototherapy, when they have chronic AD refractory to first-line topical treatments. This review focuses on six approaches for phototherapy in AD: (1) broadband ultraviolet B (UVB), (2) Goeckerman regimen (coal tar + broadband UVB), (3) narrowband UVB, (4) excimer lasers for targeted areas, (5) combination UVA/UVB, and (6) UVA-1...
September 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
Tiago R Matos, Tsui C Ling, Vaneeta Sheth
Psoriasis is a chronic and common disease mediated by resident memory T cells that negatively affects a broad range of people worldwide. One of the oldest and most commonly used treatments is phototherapy. We reviewed the existing literature on the four main ultraviolet B (UVB) modalities of phototherapy in the management of psoriasis: heliotherapy, broadband UVB, narrowband UVB, and excimer laser and lamp. Despite the many studies done on these therapies, there is significant variation in their prescription and use...
September 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
Jan-Karl Burkhardt, Giuseppe Esposito, Jorn Fierstra, Oliver Bozinov, Luca Regli
AIM: Managing ruptured giant internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms in an emergency situation is very challenging. By reporting two cases, we discuss the role of the Excimer Laser-assisted Non-occlusive Anastomosis (ELANA) technique as an armamentarium for cerebrovascular surgeons dealing with giant ICA aneurysms presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The management of two consecutive patients treated with ELANA bypass during a 6-month period (June- December 2013) for ruptured giant ICA aneurysms in an emergency setting is presented...
2016: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Jamil Bashir, Lynn M Fedoruk, John Ofiesh, Shahzad S Karim, G Frank O Tyers
BACKGROUND: Injuries to cardiac and venous structures during pacemaker and defibrillator lead extraction are serious complications that have been studied poorly. The incidence of these injuries is unknown but likely underestimated. No systematic multicenter review of these injuries or their management has been undertaken. METHODS AND RESULTS: We interrogated our mandatory administrative database for all excimer laser extractions that sustained a cardiac or venous injury in the province of British Columbia...
September 2016: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Marcony R Santhiago, Bruna V Ventura, Ramon C Ghanem, Newton Kara-Junior, Haroldo V Moraes, Emir Ghanem
PURPOSE: To investigate potential differences in predictability, efficacy, and safety of corneal excimer laser to correct residual myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism in eyes previously implanted with multifocal intraocular lenses using distinct optical surfaces and platforms for multifocality. METHODS: This prospective comparative study included 37 eyes submitted to laser in situ keratomileusis correction for residual errors after implantation of either an apodized diffractive-refractive (Restor) or a full-diffractive (Tecnis) multifocal intraocular lens...
November 2016: Cornea
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