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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621934/tqopen-n-n-n-n-tetrakis-2-quinolylmethyl-3-oxa-1-5-pentanediamine-family-as-heptadentate-fluorescent-cd-2-sensors
#1
Yuji Mikata, Asako Kizu, Kana Nozaki, Hideo Konno, Hiroshi Ono, Shunsuke Mizutani, Shin-Ichiro Sato
A quinoline-based heptadentate ligand, N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-quinolylmethyl)-3-oxa-1,5-pentanediamine (TQOPEN), exhibits a fluorescence increase (ICd/I0 = 25, ϕCd = 0.017) at 428 nm upon addition of 1 equiv of Cd(2+). In contrast, 1 equiv of Zn(2+) induces a negligible fluorescence change due to weak interaction (IZn/I0 = 2.5, IZn/ICd = 10%). In comparison with TQOPEN, the thia and aza derivatives TQSPEN and TQNPEN exhibit improved Cd(2+)/Zn(2+) selectivity and higher Cd(2+)-binding affinity, respectively. The solid-state structures of mononuclear Cd(2+) and hydroxide-bridged dinuclear Zn(2+) complexes of TQOPEN were elucidated by X-ray crystallography...
June 16, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616398/new-photodynamic-therapy-with-next-generation-photosensitizers
#2
REVIEW
Hiromi Kataoka, Hirotada Nishie, Noriyuki Hayashi, Mamoru Tanaka, Akihiro Nomoto, Shigenobu Yano, Takashi Joh
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a non-invasive antitumor treatment that uses the combination of a photosensitizer, tissue oxygen, and visible light irradiation to produce cytotoxic reactive oxygen species, predominantly singlet oxygen. Currently, first-generation PDT using porfimer sodium with an excimer dye laser, and second-generation PDT using talaporfin sodium PDT with a semiconductor laser are approved by health insurance for use in Japan. However, the cancer cell specificity and selectivity of these treatments are inadequate...
April 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612432/bright-multi-responsive-sky-blue-pt-ii-phosphors-based-on-a-tetradentate-chelating-framework
#3
Lijie Liu, Xiang Wang, Nan Wang, Tai Peng, Suning Wang
A new class of highly efficient and stable blue phosphorescent Pt(II) complexes based on a tetradentate chelating framework has been found to exhibit highly sensitive and reversible responses to multiple external stimuli including temperature, pressure and UV irradiation with distinct phosphorescent colour switching  from blue to red or white. Intermolecular excimer formation is the main origin of this intriguing multi-response phenomenon. Highly efficient singlet oxygen sensitization by the Pt(II) compounds yields UV light-induced phosphorescence enhancement and colour switching...
June 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612330/endothelial-cell-changes-after-photorefractive-keratectomy-with-graded-usage-of-mitomycin-c
#4
Hamid Gharaee, Siamak Zarei-Ghanavati, Reza Alizadeh, Mojtaba Abrishami
PURPOSE: To compare differences in the endothelial cells before and after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia with refractive error graded mitomycin C (MMC) application. METHODS: In a prospective randomized clinical trial, forty-eight myopic patients referred to Khatam-al-Anbia Eye Hospital, Mashhad, Iran, for PRK. Patients were treated with PRK by a Bausch and Lomb Technolas 217z excimer laser (Bausch and Lomb, Rochester, NY). MMC was applied after PRK 5 s for each diopter of spherical equivalent myopic refractive error corrected...
June 13, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611420/a-guide-to-design-functional-molecular-liquids-with-tailorable-properties-using-pyrene-fluorescence-as-a-probe
#5
Fengniu Lu, Tomohisa Takaya, Koichi Iwata, Izuru Kawamura, Akinori Saeki, Masashi Ishii, Kazuhiko Nagura, Takashi Nakanishi
Solvent-free, nonvolatile, room-temperature alkylated-π functional molecular liquids (FMLs) are rapidly emerging as a new generation of fluid matter. However, precision design to tune their physicochemical properties remains a serious challenge because the properties are governed by subtle π-π interactions among functional π-units, which are very hard to control and characterize. Herein, we address the issue by probing π-π interactions with highly sensitive pyrene-fluorescence. A series of alkylated pyrene FMLs were synthesized...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591507/-regarding-surface-ablation-as-an-ethically-superior-option-when-compared-to-lasik-primum-non-nocere
#6
Kepa Balparda
Refractive surgery is an extremely safe surgical intervention, with excellent profiles of clinical improvement and satisfaction. The ethical responsibility of the refractive surgeon is to look for diminishing the patients' exposure to unnecessary risks. Therefore, surface ablation would be a preferable option over LASIK as the former has a better safety profile than the latter, without compromising final visual acuity. Ethically, surface ablation should be considered as the first choice in those patients undergoing Excimer laser refractive surgery...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589448/-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-with-microkeratome-or-femtosecond-laser
#7
REVIEW
T Kohnen, G Steinwender
OBJECTIVE AND PRINCIPLES: In LASIK, after cutting a lamellating stromal corneal incision (flap) with a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser, the underlying tissue is treated with an excimer laser for refractive correction. The objective is to achieve independency from spectacles and contact lenses due to correction of ametropia. INDICATIONS: Surgery is indicated when the patient wishes to achieve independency from spectacles and contact lenses. For LASIK, the German Commission for Refractive Surgery defined a range of applicability for myopic correction up to -8 diopters (D), astigmatic correction up to 5 D and hyperopic correction up to +3 D...
June 6, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587100/excimer-laser-surgery-biometrical-iris-eye-recognition-with-cyclorotational-control-eye-tracker-system
#8
Bojan Pajic, Zeljka Cvejic, Zoran Mijatovic, Dragan Indjin, Joerg Mueller
A prospective comparative study assessing the importance of the intra-operative dynamic rotational tracking-especially in the treatment of astigmatisms in corneal refractive Excimer laser correction-concerning clinical outcomes is presented. The cyclotorsion from upright to supine position was measured using iris image comparison. The Group 1 of patients was additionally treated with cyclorotational control and Group 2 only with X-Y control. Significant differences were observed between the groups regarding the mean postoperative cylinder refraction (p < 0...
May 25, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586496/small-incision-lenticule-extraction-smile-for-hyperopia-optical-zone-diameter-and-spherical-aberration-induction
#9
Dan Z Reinstein, Kishore R Pradhan, Glenn I Carp, Timothy J Archer, Marine Gobbe, Walter Sekundo, Raynan Khan, Purushottam Dhungana
PURPOSE: To evaluate optical zone diameter efficacy and spherical aberration change in hyperopic small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: Prospective study of 60 consecutive hyperopic SMILE procedures using the VisuMax femtosecond laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) and matched LASIK procedures with the VisuMax and MEL 80 excimer (Carl Zeiss Meditec) lasers. Inclusion criteria were maximum attempted hyperopic meridian of between +1.00 and +7.00 diopters (D)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579751/treatment-of-moderate-to-high-hyperopia-with-the-wavelight-allegretto-400-and-ex500-excimer-laser-systems
#10
Manoj Motwani, Ronald Pei
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of treating patients with +3.00 diopters (D) to +6.00 D of hyperopia via laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with the WaveLight Allegretto 400 and EX500 excimer laser systems. SETTING: Private clinical ophthalmology practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients undergoing LASIK treatments of +3.00 to +6.00 D on two different WaveLight laser systems: 163 eyes on the 400 (Hertz) Hz system and 54 eyes on the 500 Hz system...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570235/five-year-freedom-from-target-lesion-revascularization-using-excimer-laser-ablation-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-in-stent-restenosis-of-femoropopliteal-arteries
#11
Nicolas W Shammas, Gail A Shammas, Lorraine Arikat, Andrew N Shammas, Alec Darrow, Avantika Banerjee, Benjamin Rudy
BACKGROUND: Target-lesion revascularization (TLR) and loss of patency remain high following treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR) of the femoropopliteal (FP) artery. Excimer laser atherectomy (ELA) is effective in reducing TLR and improves patency at 6-month and 1-year follow-up when compared with balloon angioplasty (PTA). The long-term sustainability of these early results is unknown. We present a retrospective analysis from our center on the 5-year outcomes of ELA in the treatment of ISR of the FP arteries...
June 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569307/photodynamics-of-zr-based-mofs-effect-of-explosive-nitroaromatics
#12
M Gutiérrez, R Navarro, F Sánchez, A Douhal
The present work describes the spectroscopic and photodynamics of two different Zr mixed-linkers MOFs (Zr-NDC/Tz and Zr-NDC/CN) and their interaction with nitroaromatics. Both MOFs exhibit comparable spectroscopic behaviours, with a broad emission band mainly due to the naphthalene excimers within their three-dimensional structure. Flash photolysis experiments show a slow radiative electron-hole (e(-)-h(+)) recombination, reflected as a large negative absorption band. The interaction with the selected nitroaromatic compounds produces a static fluorescence quenching of Zr-NDC/Tz...
June 1, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567176/combinatorial-screening-of-halide-perovskite-thin-films-and-solar-cells-by-mask-defined-ir-laser-molecular-beam-epitaxy
#13
Kazuhiro Kawashima, Yuji Okamoto, Orazmuhammet Annayev, Nobuo Toyokura, Ryota Takahashi, Mikk Lippmaa, Kenji Itaka, Yoshikazu Suzuki, Nobuyuki Matsuki, Hideomi Koinuma
As an extension of combinatorial molecular layer epitaxy via ablation of perovskite oxides by a pulsed excimer laser, we have developed a laser molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) system for parallel integration of nano-scaled thin films of organic-inorganic hybrid materials. A pulsed infrared (IR) semiconductor laser was adopted for thermal evaporation of organic halide (A-site: CH3NH3I) and inorganic halide (B-site: PbI2) powder targets to deposit repeated A/B bilayer films where the thickness of each layer was controlled on molecular layer scale by programming the evaporation IR laser pulse number, length, or power...
2017: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555239/efficient-light-harvesting-within-a-c153-zr-based-mof-embedded-in-a-polymeric-film-spectral-and-dynamical-characterization
#14
M Gutiérrez, M López-González, F Sánchez, A Douhal
Light harvesting is a natural phenomenon that scientists try to mimic in artificial systems. Having this in mind, attention has been focused on using new smart-materials for photonics. Herein, we report on the photobehaviour of a Zr-NDC MOF (NDC = dimethyl 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate) and its composite material, Coumarin153@Zr-NDC, embedded within a polymeric membrane of poly[bisphenol A carbonate-co-4,4'-(3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexylidene)diphenol carbonate] (PC). For the mixed matrix membrane (MMM) Zr-NDC/PC, we observed interparticle excimer-like formation, taking place in times shorter than 15 ps and giving rise to a red-shifted broad emission band...
May 30, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553070/the-use-of-wavelight-%C3%A2-contoura-to-create-a-uniform-cornea-the-lyra-protocol-part-2-the-consequences-of-treating-astigmatism-on-an-incorrect-axis-via-excimer-laser
#15
Manoj Motwani
PURPOSE: To show how an incorrect manifest astigmatism axis can cause an abnormal induced astigmatism on a new axis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four eyes of three patients were treated primarily with WaveLight(®) EX500 wavefront optimized (WFO) treatments for astigmatism. All four eyes needed enhancements and were analyzed retrospectively via WaveLight(®) Contoura to determine the reason for the incorrect astigmatism treatment. Two of the eyes were retreated with topographic-guided ablation, and two were treated with WFO correction...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541350/ultrasensitive-and-reproducible-sers-platform-of-coupled-ag-grating-with-multibranched-au-nanoparticles
#16
Yevgeniya Kalachyova, David Mares, Vitezslav Jerabek, Pavel Ulbrich, Ladislav Lapcak, Vaclav Svorcik, Oleksiy Lyutakov
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy is an extremely sensitive analytical technique that is capable of identifying the vibration signatures of target molecules up to single-molecule sensitivity. In this work, the ultrahigh sensitivity of SERS has been achieved through the immobilization of sharp-edges specific nanoparticles - so-called gold multibranched NPs (AuMs) on the silver grating surface through the biphenyl dithiol. This approach allows combining the extremely high SERS enhancement factor (better than that in the case of AuMs immobilized on the flat Ag film) with perfect reproducibility of Raman signals...
June 7, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534679/laser-induced-photofragmentation-fluorescence-imaging-of-alkali-compounds-in-flames
#17
Tomas Leffler, Christian Brackmann, Marcus Aldén, Zhongshan Li
Laser-induced photofragmentation fluorescence has been investigated for the imaging of alkali compounds in premixed laminar methane-air flames. An ArF excimer laser, providing pulses of wavelength 193 nm, was used to photodissociate KCl, KOH, and NaCl molecules in the post-flame region and fluorescence from the excited atomic alkali fragment was detected. Fluorescence emission spectra showed distinct lines of the alkali atoms allowing for efficient background filtering. Temperature data from Rayleigh scattering measurements together with simulations of potassium chemistry presented in literature allowed for conclusions on the relative contributions of potassium species KOH and KCl to the detected signal...
June 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532939/guiding-flying-spot-laser-transepithelial-phototherapeutic-keratectomy-with-optical-coherence-tomography
#18
REVIEW
Yan Li, Hideaki Yokogawa, Maolong Tang, Winston Chamberlain, Xinbo Zhang, David Huang
PURPOSE: To analyze transepithelial phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) results using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and develop a model to guide the laser dioptric and depth settings. SETTING: Casey Eye Institute, Portland, Oregon, USA. DESIGN: Prospective nonrandomized case series. METHODS: Patients with superficial corneal opacities and irregularities had transepithelial PTK with a flying-spot excimer laser by combining wide-zone myopic and hyperopic astigmatic ablations...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532116/antibacterial-mechanical-and-surface-properties-of-ag-dlc-films-prepared-by-dual-pld-for-medical-applications
#19
P Písařík, M Jelínek, J Remsa, J Mikšovský, J Zemek, K Jurek, Š Kubinová, J Lukeš, J Šepitka
Silver doped diamond-like carbon layers were deposited by dual pulsed laser deposition using two KrF excimer lasers. The concentration of Ag, determined by XPS and WDS, moved from zero to ~10at%. We found that the sp(2)/sp(3) ratio, film roughness and the number of droplets (SEM and AFM) increased with increasing silver concentration. The sp(3) content measurement (XPS) was influenced by ion cluster surface sputtering and varied from 71.0% (undoped DLC) to 36.2% (for 9.3at% Ag). Transmission was measured on the scale from 200nm to 1100nm, and decreased with increasing silver content...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526838/thioflavin-t-fluoresces-as-excimer-in-highly-concentrated-aqueous-solutions-and-as-monomer-being-incorporated-in-amyloid-fibrils
#20
Anna I Sulatskaya, Andrey V Lavysh, Alexander A Maskevich, Irina M Kuznetsova, Konstantin K Turoverov
Fluorescence of thioflavin T (ThT) is a proven tool for amyloid fibrils study. The correct model of ThT binding to fibrils is crucial to clarify amyloid fibrils structure and mechanism of their formation. Although there are convincing evidences that ThT has molecular rotor nature, implying it's binding to fibrils in monomer form, speculations concerning ThT binding to fibrils in aggregated forms appear in literature so far. The elaborated approach for fluorescence intensity correction on the inner filter effects applied to ThT aqueous solutions with a wide range of concentration allowed characterizing ThT excimers fluorescence and showing its difference from that of ThT bound to fibrils...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
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