keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

excimer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225654/germicidal-efficacy-and-mammalian-skin-safety-of-222-nm-uv-light
#1
Manuela Buonanno, Brian Ponnaiya, David Welch, Milda Stanislauskas, Gerhard Randers-Pehrson, Lubomir Smilenov, Franklin D Lowy, David M Owens, David J Brenner
We have previously shown that 207-nm ultraviolet (UV) light has similar antimicrobial properties as typical germicidal UV light (254 nm), but without inducing mammalian skin damage. The biophysical rationale is based on the limited penetration distance of 207-nm light in biological samples (e.g. stratum corneum) compared with that of 254-nm light. Here we extended our previous studies to 222-nm light and tested the hypothesis that there exists a narrow wavelength window in the far-UVC region, from around 200-222 nm, which is significantly harmful to bacteria, but without damaging cells in tissues...
February 22, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219793/excimer-laser-facilitated-stent-expansion-the-effect-of-contrast-enhancement
#2
Andreas Y Andreou, Theodoros Kyriakou, Chrysostomos Mavroudis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210721/3-pyrene-modified-unlocked-nucleic-acids-synthesis-fluorescence-properties-and-a-surprising-stabilization-effect-on-duplexes-and-triplexes
#3
Maria Ejlersen, Niels Langkjær, Jesper Wengel
Efficient synthesis of a new 3'-O-amino-UNA monomer was developed as a scaffold for further functionalization and incorporation into oligonucleotides (ONs). Pyrene-functionalized 3'-O-amino-UNA was incorporated one, two or three times into 21-mer DNA and 2'-O-Me-RNA ONs. Duplex melting temperatures, circular dichroism (CD) spectra, steady-state fluorescence emission spectra, UV/Vis absorption spectra and triplex melting temperatures were measured for the modified duplexes. The presence of the pyrene-modified UNA monomer lead to a surprising and unprecedented thermal stabilization of especially DNA:DNA duplexes when compared to the corresponding unmodified DNA:DNA duplexes...
February 17, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207886/connective-tissue-growth-factor-is-not-necessary-for-haze-formation-in-excimer-laser-wounded-mouse-corneas
#4
Xiaodi Feng, Liya Pi, Sriniwas Sriram, Gregory S Schultz, Daniel J Gibson
We sought to determine if connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is necessary for the formation of corneal haze after corneal injury. Mice with post-natal, tamoxifen-induced, knockout of CTGF were subjected to excimer laser phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) and the corneas were allowed to heal. The extent of scaring was observed in non-induced mice, heterozygotes, and full homozygous knockout mice and quantified by macrophotography. The eyes from these mice were collected after euthanization for re-genotyping to control for possible Cre-mosaicism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195498/quantitative-imaging-of-ozone-vapor-using-photofragmentation-laser-induced-fluorescence-lif
#5
Kajsa Larsson, Dina Hot, Andreas Ehn, Andreas Lantz, Wubin Weng, Marcus Aldén, Joakim Bood
In the present work, the spectral properties of gaseous ozone (O3) have been investigated aiming to perform quantitative concentration imaging of ozone by using a single laser pulse at 248 nm from a KrF excimer laser. The O3 molecule is first photodissociated by the laser pulse into two fragments, O and O2. Then the same laser pulse electronically excites the O2 fragment, which is vibrationally hot, whereupon fluorescence is emitted. The fluorescence intensity is found to be proportional to the concentration of ozone...
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195482/the-influence-of-interfacial-effects-on-the-photophysics-of-rhodamine-6g-thin-films-on-a-poly-vinylidene-fluoride-surface
#6
Matthew Mullen, William B Euler
The spectral response of ultrathin films of rhodamine 6G (Rh6G) cast onto polyvinylidenefluoride (PVDF) coated glass slides is studied to investigate a perceived fluorescence emission enhancement. Varying the thickness of the Rh6G layer (submonolayer to multiple layers) on the PVDF layer revealed the existence of multiple Rh6G species on the surface, similar to previous reports on glass. Excitation spectra show that J-type excitons are not responsible for an emission enhancement. Trends in the fluorescence emission intensity show that the surface roughness of the PVDF layer prevents the Rh6G molecules from organizing the way they would on a smooth glass surface...
February 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192589/a-critical-evaluation-of-refractive-outcomes-following-lasik-for-moderate-to-high-astigmatism-using-two-excimer-laser-platforms
#7
Sudi Patel, Maja Bohac, Alma Biscevic, Mateja Koncarevic, Marija Anticic, Nikica Gabric
PURPOSE: To calculate the surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) following LASIK and identify any association between SIA and the target induced astigmatism (TIA) at 1 year postoperatively. METHODS: The SIA was calculated using the TIA and residual astigmatism values for [A] myopic astigmatism and [B] mixed astigmatism treated with either the [I] WaveLight Allegretto EyeQ 400-Hz (Alcon Laboratories, Inc. Fort Worth, TX) or [II] Schwind Amaris 750S (Schwind eye-tech-solutions, Kleinostheim, Germany) platforms...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192587/advanced-surface-ablation-with-a-new-software-for-the-reduction-of-ablation-irregularities
#8
Paolo Vinciguerra, Fabrizio I Camesasca, Riccardo Vinciguerra, Samuel Arba-Mosquera, Ingrid Torres, Emanuela Morenghi, J Bradley Randleman
PURPOSE: To compare visual outcomes and postoperative aberrations after surface ablation performed with a 750-Hz versus a 1,050-Hz excimer laser coupled with an ablation software designed to reduce corneal surface irregularity. METHODS: Retrospective comparative trial of myopic eyes that had refractive surgery consecutively treated with transepithelial advanced surface ablation with a 750-Hz excimer laser (750 group) versus a 1,050-Hz excimer laser coupled with the Smart Pulse Technology ablation software (SPT group)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191955/excimer-formation-and-symmetry-breaking-charge-transfer-in-cofacial-perylene-dimers
#9
Rita E Cook, Brian T Phelan, Rebecca J Kamire, Marek B Majewski, Ryan M Young, Michael R Wasielewski
The use of multiple chromophores as photosensitizers for catalysts involved in energy-demanding redox reactions is often complicated by electronic interactions between the chromophores. These interchromophore interactions can lead to processes, such as excimer formation and symmetry-breaking charge separation (SB-CS), that compete with efficient electron transfer to or from the catalyst. Here, two dimers of perylene bound either directly or through a xylyl spacer to a xanthene backbone were synthesized to probe the effects of interchromophore electronic coupling on excimer formation and SB-CS using ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187472/-epi-bowman-keratectomy-clinical-evaluation-of-a-new-method-of-surface-ablation
#10
S Taneri, S Kießler, A Rost, T Schultz, M Elling, B Dick
Purpose A new device for epithelial abrasion before excimer laser surface ablation or corneal cross-linking (CXL) has recently been introduced (Epi-Clear™, Orca Surgical, Kiryat-Shmona, Israel). We have reviewed the literature on the clinical results, potential benefits and drawbacks of this instrument, compared to other methods of epithelial removal. Method Literature search for "Epi-Bowman Keratectomy", "Epi-clear", and "Epikeratome" yielded 1 peer-review publication, 1 non-peer-review publication, 18 posters and presentations at international conferences (European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons [ESCRS] and American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery [ASCRS]) on the use of the Epi-Clear™ device before surface ablation, 2 posters on the use of Epi-Clear before corneal crosslinking and 1 presentation on the experimental use of Epi-Clear for removal of a pterygium...
February 10, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187180/comparative-evaluation-of-visual-outcomes-and-corneal-asphericity-after-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-with-the-six-dimension-amaris-excimer-laser-system
#11
JunJie Piao, Ying-Jun Li, Woong-Joo Whang, Mihyun Choi, Min Ji Kang, Jee Hye Lee, Geunyoung Yoon, Choun-Ki Joo
PURPOSE: To compare the visual and refractive outcomes after laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery for correction of myopia or myopic astigmatism using a six-dimensional Amaris excimer laser. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we enrolled 47 eyes of 28 patients (age: 19-36 years) with myopia or myopic astigmatism. We used the Custom Ablation Manager protocol and performed ablations with the SCHWIND AMARIS system. LASIK flaps were cut with an iFS Advanced Femtosecond Laser...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182435/rewriting-the-story-of-excimer-formation-in-liquid-benzene
#12
E Siva Subramaniam Iyer, Arman Sadybekov, Oleg Lioubashevski, Anna I Krylov, Sanford Ruhman
Formation of benzene excimer following UV excitation of the neat liquid is moni- tored with femtosecond spectroscopy. A prompt rise component in excimer transient absorption, which contradicts the classical scenario of gradual reorientation and pairing of the excited monomers, is observed. Three-pulse experiments in which the evolving excimers are probed by a secondary dump pulse demonstrate that the excimer absorption band is polarized along the inter-fragment axis. The experi- ments furthermore prove that the subsequent 4-fold increase in excimer absorption over ∼50 ps is primarily due to an increase in the transition dipole of pairs which are formed early on, and not to excited monomers forming excimers in a delayed fashion due to unfavorable initial geometry...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177598/surface-engineering-of-polycrystalline-silicon-for-long-term-mechanical-stress-endurance-enhancement-in-flexible-low-temperature-poly-si-thin-film-transistors
#13
Bo-Wei Chen, Ting-Chang Chang, Yu-Ju Hung, Shin-Ping Huang, Hua-Mao Chen, Po-Yung Liao, Yu-Ho Lin, Hui-Chun Huang, Hsiao-Cheng Chiang, Chung-I Yang, Yu-Zhe Zheng, Ann-Kuo Chu, Hung-Wei Li, Chih-Hung Tsai, Hsueh-Hsing Lu, Terry Tai-Jui Wang, Tsu-Chiang Chang
Surface morphology in polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) film is an issue regardless of whether conventional excimer laser annealing (ELA) or the newer metal-induced lateral crystallization (MILC) process is used. This paper investigates the stress distribution while undergoing long-term mechanical stress and the influence of stress on electrical characteristics. Our simulated results show that the non-uniform stress in the gate insulator is more pronounced near the polysilicon/gate insulator edge and at the two sides of the polysilicon protrusion...
February 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168735/does-imiquimod-pretreatment-optimize-308-nm-excimer-laser-uvb-therapy-in-psoriasis-patients
#14
Joselin D Tacastacas, Patricia Oyetakin-White, David C Soler, Andrew Young, Sarah Groft, Kord Honda, Kevin D Cooper, Thomas S McCormick
Psoriasis continues to be a debilitating skin disease affecting 1-3% of the United States population. Although the effectiveness of several current biologic therapies have described this pathology as a IL-23, TNF-α and Th17-mediated disease, less invasive approaches are still in use and in need of refinement. One of these is the usage of narrow band-UVB (NB-UVB) therapy to deplete specifically intra-epidermal CD3(+) , CD4(+) and CD8(+) cells to clear psoriatic plaques. In order to improve NB-UVB therapy, we sought to determine whether skin pre-treatment with the TLR7 agonist imiquimod (IMQ) would help increase the efficiency of the former at resolving psoriatic plaques...
February 7, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165085/steric-effect-on-excimer-formation-in-planar-pt-ii-complexes
#15
Yang-Jin Cho, So-Yoen Kim, Ho-Jin Son, Dae Won Cho, Sang Ook Kang
In order to understand the steric influence on excimer formation in square planar metal complexes, three different Pt(ii) complexes were prepared by modifying the substituents in the main ligand: Pt(ii)(dfppy)(acac) (Pt-1, where dfppy is difluorophenylpyridine, acac is acetylacetonate); the bulky triphenyl silyl (Ph3Si-) group was substituted at the pyridine moiety (Pt-2) and at the phenyl moiety (Pt-3) of the main ligand of Pt-1. The Pt-complexes showed sky-blue emission at ∼460 nm. In addition, Pt-1 and Pt-3 showed excimer emission at ∼600 nm in the concentrated solution and the solid sample...
February 6, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151939/role-of-percent-peripheral-tissue-ablated-on-refractive-outcomes-following-hyperopic-lasik
#16
George Fatseas, Fiona Stapleton, Patrick Versace
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (H-LASIK) on corneal integrity, by investigating relationships between proportionate corneal tissue ablated and refractive outcomes at 3 months. METHODS: 18 eyes of 18 subjects treated with H-LASIK by Technolas 217c Excimer Laser were included in the study. Orbscan II Topography System was used to determine corneal volume and pachymetry 3mm temporally (3T). The volume of corneal tissue ablated was determined from the laser nomogram...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137751/lead-extraction-with-high-frequency-laser-sheaths-a-single-centre-experience
#17
Simon Pecha, Matthias Linder, Nils Gosau, Liesa Castro, Julia Vogler, Stephan Willems, Hermann Reichenspurner, Samer Hakmi
OBJECTIVES: Extraction of chronically implanted cardiac implantable electrophysiological devices leads can be difficult. Excimer laser-assisted extraction with 40 Hz sheaths has shown good results in challenging cases. In 2012, a new 80 Hz high-frequency laser sheath became available that delivers twice as many pulses per second. Here, we report our clinical experience with the new GlideLight 80 Hz laser sheath. METHODS: Between January 2012 and August 2016, 292 leads were treated in 151 patients using 80 Hz GlideLight laser sheath...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125069/recent-advances-in-macrocyclic-fluorescent-probes-for-ion-sensing
#18
REVIEW
Joseph K-H Wong, Matthew H Todd, Peter J Rutledge
Small-molecule fluorescent probes play a myriad of important roles in chemical sensing. Many such systems incorporating a receptor component designed to recognise and bind a specific analyte, and a reporter or transducer component which signals the binding event with a change in fluorescence output have been developed. Fluorescent probes use a variety of mechanisms to transmit the binding event to the reporter unit, including photoinduced electron transfer (PET), charge transfer (CT), Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), excimer formation, and aggregation induced emission (AIE) or aggregation caused quenching (ACQ)...
January 25, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124404/vacuum-ultraviolet-photon-mediated-production-of-18-f-f2
#19
Anna Krzyczmonik, Thomas Keller, Anna Kirjavainen, Sarita Forsback, Olof Solin
The chemistry of F2 and its derivatives are amenable to facile aliphatic or aromatic substitution, as well as electrophilic addition. The main limitation in the use of [(18) F]F2 for radiopharmaceutical synthesis is the low specific activity achieved by the traditional methods of production. The highest specific activities, 55 GBq/µmol, for [(18) F]F2 have been achieved so far by using electrical discharge in the post-target production of [(18) F]F2 gas from [(18) F]CH3 F. We demonstrate that [(18) F]F2 is produced by illuminating a gas mixture of neon/F2 /[(18) F]CH3 F with vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photons generated by an excimer laser...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117346/holographic-image-generation-with-a-thin-film-resonance-caused-by-chalcogenide-phase-change-material
#20
Seung-Yeol Lee, Yong-Hae Kim, Seong-M Cho, Gi Heon Kim, Tae-Youb Kim, Hojun Ryu, Han Na Kim, Han Byeol Kang, Chi-Young Hwang, Chi-Sun Hwang
The development of digital holography is anticipated for the viewing of 3D images by reconstructing both the amplitude and phase information of the object. Compared to analog holograms written by a laser interference, digital hologram technology has the potential to realize a moving 3D image using a spatial light modulator. However, to ensure a high-resolution 3D image with a large viewing angle, the hologram panel requires a near-wavelength scale pixel pitch with a sufficient large numbers of pixels. In this manuscript, we demonstrate a digital hologram panel based on a chalcogenide phase-change material (PCM) which has a pixel pitch of 1 μm and a panel size of 1...
January 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
48020
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"