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Judit Karacsonyi, Ehrin J Armstrong, Huu Tam D Truong, Ryan Tsuda, Damianos G Kokkinidis, Jose Roberto Martinez-Parachini, Aya J Alame, Barbara A Danek, Aris Karatasakis, Michele Roesle, Houman Khalili, Imre Ungi, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Bavana V Rangan
BACKGROUND: The contemporary use and outcomes of excimer laser coronary atherectomy (ELCA) in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are not well described. METHODS: We examined the baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics and procedural outcomes of 130 target lesions in 121 consecutive PCIs (n = 116 patients) in which ELCA was performed at three United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers between 2008 and 2016. RESULTS: Mean age was 68...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Motoki Kida, Mayuko Kubo, Tomoyuki Ujihira, Takayuki Ebata, Manabu Abe, Yoshiya Inokuchi
Observation of an excimer fluorescence in solution is proposed for detecting the encapsulation of potassium ion as opposed to other alkali ions by dibenzo-crown ethers. The scheme has been validated by ultraviolet photodissociation (UVPD) spectroscopy of dibenzo-21-crown-7 and dibenzo-24-crown-8 complexes with potassium ion, K+·DB21C7 and K+·DB24C8, performed under cold (~10 K) conditions in the gas phase and by quantum chemical calculations of the geometry and electronic structures of the complexes. Calculations suggest formation of a closely spaced excimer structure of benzene rings only for the K+·DB24C8...
March 15, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Daiki Kato, Hayato Sakai, Yasuyuki Araki, Takehiko Wada, Nikolai V Tkachenko, Taku Hasobe
Photophysical control and switching on organic-inorganic hybrid interfaces are of great interest in diverse fundamental and applicative research areas. 6,13-Bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl)pentacene (TP) is well-known to exhibit efficient singlet fission (SF) for generation of high-yield triplet excited states in aggregated forms, whereas perylenediimide (PDI) ensembles show the characteristic excimer formation. Additionally, a combination of pentacene (electron donor: D) and PDI (electron acceptor: A) is expected to undergo an efficient photoinduced electron transfer (PET), and absorption of two chromophores combined covers the entire visible region...
March 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Xin-Da Huang, Mohamedally Kurmoo, Song-Song Bao, Kun Fan, Yan Xu, Zhao-Bo Hu, Li-Min Zheng
DyIII (depma)3 (NO3 )3 (1) and DyIII (depma)4 (NO3 )2 (CF3 SO3 ) (2) differ structurally by the number of depma ligands and the supramolecular interactions (π-π and C-Hπ, respectively) between anthracene moieties. They exhibit single-ion-magnetism which is coupled to photo- and mechanochromism that are partially reversible by thermal annealing. The changes are associated with the formation and destruction of excimers.
March 14, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Juanmin Li, Huipeng Zhou, Yunyi Zhang, Sohail Anjum Shahzad, Meiding Yang, Zhenzhen Hu, Cong Yu
Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) enhanced perylene probe excimer emission is reported for the first time. It was observed that strong interactions between the perylene probe and the Ag NPs induced co-aggregation. As a result, a new in situ generated plasmonic absportion band of the Ag NPs at longer wavelength emerged. The monomer emission of the perylene probe was efficiently quenched, and dramatically enhanced probe excimer emission was observed. A remarkable emission enhancement of over 1000 fold was obtained compared to anionic polymers and other nanoparticles...
August 3, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Abdullah Almasoud, Daniel Walters, Ehtisham Mahmud
The feasibility, safety, and high technical success of robotically assisted percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the treatment of both simple and complex coronary disease has been demonstrated. As the current generation robotic platform is limited to a rapid exchange system, orbital or rotational atherectomy cannot be performed robotically. However, excimer laser coronary atherectomy is performed with a rapid exchange catheter but its feasibility during robotically assisted PCI is unknown. We report the successful use of laser atherectomy during two complex robotically assisted PCI procedures using the CorPath GRX robotic system...
March 9, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Mitsunobu Nakamura, Fuyuki Ota, Tadao Takada, Kazuo Akagi, Kazushige Yamana
In this report, we describe the circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) of the RNA duplexes having one to four 2'-O-pyrene modified uridines (Upy) and the DNA duplexes having two, four, and six pyrene modified non-nucleosidic linkers (Py). Both the pyrene π-stack arrays formed on the RNA and DNA double helical structures exhibited pyrene excimer fluorescence. In the pyrene-modified RNA systems, the RNA duplex having four Upys gives CPL emission with glum value of <0.01 at 480 nm. The structure of pyrene stacks on the RNA duplex may be rigidly regulated with increase in the Upy domains, which resulted in the CPL emission...
March 9, 2018: Chirality
Marie-Sophie Hanet, Annette Zimpfer, Sabine Lepper, Berthold Seitz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this report was to describe a single case of recurrent interstitial keratitis in a young patient leading to keratoconus-like corneal changes. RESULTS: Over the 2 years follow-up, the patient developed clinical signs of keratoconus with Vogt's striae, Fleischer Ring and paracentral stromal thinning in the affected eye only. The tomographic measurements revealed a rapid reduction of corneal thickness from 581 to 303 μm and an irregular steepening of the pathological cornea...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Sara Magdi, Joumana El-Rifai, Mohamed A Swillam
We report the fabrication of an array of random Silicon nanocones using a KrF excimer laser. A 370 nm thick amorphous Silicon layer deposited on a glass substrate was used in the process. The fabricated nanocones showed a large and broadband absorption enhancement over the entire visible wavelength range. An enhancement up to 350% is measured at λ = 650 nm. Additionally, the laser irradiation caused the nanocones to crystallize. The effect of changing the laser parameters (i.e. energy density, time, and frequency) on the morphology and the absorption is studied and compared...
March 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yu Zhang, Yue-Guo Chen
BACKGROUND: To compare the incidence of rainbow glare (RG) after femtosecond laser assisted-LASIK (FS-LASIK) using the upgraded FS200 femtosecond laser with different flap cut parameter settings. METHODS: A consecutive series of 129 patients (255 eyes) who underwent FS-LASIK for correcting myopia and/or astigmatism using upgraded WaveLight FS200 femtosecond laser with the original settings was included in group A. Another consecutive series of 129 patients (255 eyes) who underwent FS-LASIK using upgraded WaveLight FS200 femtosecond laser with flap cut parameter settings changed (decreased pulse energy, spot and line separation) was included in group B...
March 5, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Man-Chung Tang, Chin-Ho Lee, Maggie Ng, Yi-Chun Wong, Mei-Yee Chan, Vivian W W Yam
A new class of fused heterocyclic tridentate ligand-containing alkynylgold(III) complexes with tunable emission color has been successfully designed and synthesized. Upon structural modifications on the σ-donating fused heterocyclic alkynyl ligands, including substituted fluorene, carbazole and triphenylamine, a large spectral shift of ~110 nm (~3310 cm-1) covering the green to red region can be realized by utilizing the same tridentate ligand-containing alkynylgold(III) complexes in the solid-state thin films...
March 5, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Christina Kaufmann, Woojae Kim, Agnieszka Nowak-Król, Yongseok Hong, Dongho Kim, Frank Würthner
An adequately designed, bay-tethered perylene bisimide (PBI) dimer Bis-PBI was synthesized by Pd/Cu-catalyzed Glaser-type oxidative homo-coupling of the respective PBI building block. This newly synthesized PBI dimer self-assembles exclusively and with high binding constants of up to 10^6 M-1 into a discrete π-stack of four chromophores. Steady-state absorption and emission spectra show the signatures of H-type excitonic coupling among the dye units. Broadband fluorescence upconversion spectroscopy (FLUPS) reveals an ultrafast dynamics in the optically excited state...
March 5, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Marcel Heeger, Bonnie J Tyler, Martin Körsgen, Heinrich F Arlinghaus
In this study, the influence of two different cluster primary ions in laser secondary neutral mass spectrometry (Laser-SNMS) has been investigated. Despite the many advantages of Laser-SNMS, fragmentation of neutral organic molecules during both sputtering and photoionization has limited its efficiency for the study of large organic and biological molecules. Cluster ion sputtering, and in particular large argon gas cluster sputtering, has been proposed as a means of reducing this fragmentation. Molecules of 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl-pentafluoro-l-phenylalanine were sputtered using Bi3 + and Ar2000 + cluster primary ions, and the desorbed neutral species ("secondary neutrals") were postionized using a 7...
March 2, 2018: Biointerphases
Ayako Harima, Akinori Sairaku, Ichiro Inoue, Kenji Nishioka, Toshiharu Oka, Yasuharu Nakama, Kazuoki Dai, Kuniomi Ohi, Haruki Hashimoto, Yasuki Kihara
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to test a novel stent-less revascularization strategy using a combination of excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) and drug-coated balloon (DCB) for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention with drug eluting stents is a standard invasive treatment for ACS. Some unsolved issues however remain, such as stent thrombosis and bleeding risks associated with dual antiplatelet therapy. METHODS: Consecutive ACS patients were planned to receive either a DCB application following ELCA without a stent implantation or conventional revascularization with a coronary stent...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
Cameron B Dover, Joseph K Gallaher, Laszlo Frazer, Patrick C Tapping, Anthony J Petty, Maxwell J Crossley, John E Anthony, Tak W Kee, Timothy W Schmidt
Singlet fission is a process whereby two triplet excitons can be produced from one photon, potentially increasing the efficiency of photovoltaic devices. Endothermic singlet fission is desired for a maximum energy-conversion efficiency, and such systems have been considered to form an excimer-like state with multiexcitonic character prior to the appearance of triplets. However, the role of the excimer as an intermediate has, until now, been unclear. Here we show, using 5,12-bis((triisopropylsilyl)ethynyl)tetracene in solution as a prototypical example, that, rather than acting as an intermediate, the excimer serves to trap excited states to the detriment of singlet-fission yield...
March 2018: Nature Chemistry
Atulya Prasad, Katarzyna M Sawicka, Kelly B Pablo, Lauren K Macri, Jerome Felsenstein, James J Wynne, Richard A F Clark
INTRODUCTION: Recent evidence indicates that early removal of eschar by tangential debridement can promote healing. Laser debridement can be used for debridement of areas that prove challenging for debridement using tangential excision. In particular, irradiation with an ArF excimer laser ablates desiccated eschar and is self-terminating, preserving hydrated or viable tissue. METHODS: Thermal burns were created on the flanks of two outbred, female Yorkshire pigs using aluminum bars heated to 70°C and applied for different lengths of time...
February 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Sagar Rambhia, Matthew Janko, Robert I Hacker
Central venous occlusion is conventionally managed with balloon angioplasty, stent extension or sharp recanalization. Here we describe recanalization of a chronically occluded innominate vein using excimer laser after conventional techniques were unsuccessful. Patient clinical improvement and fistula patency have been sustained two years post-intervention. This technique may provide new hemodialysis access options for patients who would not otherwise be candidates for hemodialysis access on the ipsilateral side of a central venous occlusion...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Chien-Hung Wu, Kow-Ming Chang, Yi-Ming Chen, Bo-Wen Huang, Yu-Xin Zhang, Shui-Jinn Wang
Atmospheric pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (AP-PECVD) technique and KrF excimer laser annealing (ELA) were employed for the fabrication of indium gallium zinc oxide thin-film transistors (IGZO-TFTs). Device with a 150 mJ/cm2 laser annealing densities demonstrated excellent electrical characteristics with improved on/off current ratio of 4.7×107, high channel mobility of 10 cm2/V-s, and low subthreshold swing of 0.15 V/dec. The improvements are attributed to the adjustment of oxygen vacancies in the IGZO channel to an appropriate range of around 28...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Alena Semerádtová, Marcel Štofik, Oldřich Neděla, Ondřej Staněk, Petr Slepička, Zdeňka Kolská, Jan Malý
Herein, we report a novel concept of low-cost flexible platform for fluorescence-based biosensor. The surface of polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) foil was exposed to KrF excimer laser through a photolitographic contact mask. Laser initiated surface modification resulted in micro-patterned areas with surface functional groups available for localized covalent immobilization of biotin. High affinity binding protein (albumin-binding domain (ABD) of protein G, Streptococcus G148) recognizing human serum albumin (HSA), genetically fused with streptavidin (SA-ABDwt), was immobilized on the micro-patterned surface through biotin-streptavidin coupling...
February 2, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
N Kaerkitcha, T Sagawa
Nanofibers with the cationic fluorescent molecules, 1-pyrenemethylamine hydrochloride (PyrMA) and α,β,γ,δ-tetrakis(1-methylpyridinium-4-yl)porphyrin p-toluenesulfonate (TMPyP), in the presence of complementary anionic chiral polysaccharide, hyaluronic acid (HA) and transparent polymer, polyethylene oxide (PEO) were successfully prepared using an electrospinning technique. The results showed that the fluorescence spectra of electrospun nanofibers (ENFs) of PEO-HA-PyrMA exhibit a higher amount of pyrene excimer emission when the [PyrMA]/[HA] ratio was increased from 0...
February 15, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
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