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Alper Agca, Yusuf Yildirim, Burçin Kepez Yildiz, Dilek Yasa, Ali Demircan, Ahmet Demirok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
Anita Yadav, Siddharth Pandey
Ionic liquids, being composed of ions alone, may offer alternate pathways for molecular aggregation. These pathways could be controlled by the chemical structure of the cation and the anion of the ionic liquids. Intramolecular excimer formation dynamics of a bifluorophoric probe, 1,3-bis(1-pyrenyl)decane [1Py(10)1Py], where the fluorophoric pyrene moieties are separated by a long decyl chain, is investigated in seven different ionic liquids in 10 - 90 °C temperature range. The long alkyl separator allows for ample interaction with the solubilizing milieu prior to the formation of the excimer...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
José María Ortiz-Salvador, Amparo Pérez-Ferriols
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common chronic inflammatory skin diseases. Currently management of AD includes avoidance of triggering factors, skin care aiming to compensate the skin barrier defects, anti-inflammatory therapy (mostly topical corticosteroids and topical calcineurin inhibitors). When these first-line approaches are unsuccessful, systemic treatment or phototherapy ought to be carried out as next line of defence. Current phototherapy modalities for AD include broadband UVB (290-320 nm), narrowband UVB (311-313 nm), UVA-1 therapy (340-400 nm), UVA therapy plus 8-methoxypsoralens (PUVA), 308 nm excimer laser (EL) and Full spectrum light (FSL)...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Nahid Derikvand, Seyedeh Sara Ghasemi, Mohammad Moharami, Ehsan Shafiei, Nasim Chiniforush
Introduction: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a mucocutaneous disease with uncertain etiology. As the etiology is unknown standard treatment modalities are not available. The traditional and common treatment relies on corticosteroids whether topical or systemic. In recent years, development of lasers made a proper path to use this instrument for treatment of the diseases which are refractory to conventional treatments. Previous studies in this field used CO2, ND:YAG, Excimer and some wavelength of diode lasers for the treatment of different types of lichen planus...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Manal Mohamed Salah Eldin, Nevein Ahmed Sami, Dalia Gamal Aly, Noha Sami Hanafy
Introduction: Recently, the monochromatic excimer light (MEL) of 308 nm wavelength has shown some advantages in comparison to narrow band ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) for the treatment of vitiligo. To histopathologically compare the early effects of NB-UVB and 308-nm MEL phototherapy on vitiliginous patches using H&E and HMB-45. Methods: Thirty subjects with non-segmental vitiligo lesions were treated twice a week for 6 weeks with 308-nm MEL, while NB-UVB was used to treat lesions contra laterally. Skin biopsies were taken from lesional areas before and after 6 weeks of treatment by either modality...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Jason E Brenner, Ali Fadlallah, Kathryn M Hatch, Catherine Choi, Rony R Sayegh, Paul Kouyoumjian, Simon Wu, George T Frangieh, Samir A Melki
PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of surgeons' visual estimation of LASIK flap thickness when created by a femtosecond laser by comparing it to ultrasound measurements. METHODS: Surgeons were asked to visually estimate the thickness of a femtosecond flap during the procedure. Total corneal thickness was measured by ultrasound pachymetry prior to the procedure and the stromal bed was similarly measured after flap lifting. The estimates from three experienced surgeons (cornea fellowship trained and more than 5 years in practice) were compared to those of three cornea fellows, with each surgeon evaluating 20 eyes (120 total)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
F Hafezi, Z Gatzioufas, R Angunawela, L M Ittner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Eye
Kan Takeshima, Kanako Mizuno, Hitoshi Nakahashi, Hiroshi Aoki, Yasumasa Kanekiyo
We demonstrate that the copolymers containing boronic acid and pyrene units can be utilized for the fluorometric sensing of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in aqueous solutions. The copolymer exists in a relatively extended conformation in the absence of H2O2, whereas the polymer chain is contracted by the reaction of boronic acid moieties with H2O2 to form phenol groups. This conformational change induces aggregation of the originally isolated pyrene groups. As a result, relative intensity of excimer emission with respect to monomer emission increases with H2O2 concentration...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Jorge L Alió Del Barrio, Mauro Tiveron, Ana B Plaza-Puche, María A Amesty, Laura Casanova, María J García, Jorge L Alió
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual outcomes after femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery to correct primary compound hyperopic astigmatism with high cylinder using a fast repetition rate excimer laser platform with optimized aspheric profiles and cyclotorsion control. METHODS: Eyes with primary simple or compound hyperopic astigmatism and a cylinder power ≥3.00 D had uneventful femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK with a fast repetition rate excimer laser ablation, aspheric profiles, and cyclotorsion control...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Supphachok Chanmungkalakul, Vuthichai Ervithayasuporn, Sasikarn Hanprasit, Manlika Masik, Nicha Prigyai, Suda Kiatkamjornwong
Pyrene functionalized silsesquioxane cages (PySQ) not only provide significant fluorescence from pyrene-pyrene excimers with a very large Stokes shift (Δλ = 143 nm, 69 930 cm(-1)) in DMSO but also exhibit fluoride capture results coincidentally with a π-π* fluorescence enhancement. On the other hand, PySQ-F(-) in THF significantly exhibits π-π* fluorescence quenching and a color change can be observed with the naked eye from light yellow to deep orange by forming a charge-transfer (CT) complex among the pyrenyl rings...
November 7, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Maiko Girschikofsky, Manuel Rosenberger, Michael Förthner, Mathias Rommel, Lothar Frey, Ralf Hellmann
Embedded channel waveguide Bragg gratings are fabricated in the Ormocer(®) hybrid polymers OrmoComp(®), OrmoCore, and OrmoClad by employing a single writing step technique based on phase mask technology and KrF excimer laser irradiation. All waveguide Bragg gratings exhibit well-defined reflection peaks within the telecom wavelengths range with peak heights of up to 35 dB and -3 dB-bandwidths of down to 95 pm. Furthermore, the dependency of the fabricated embedded channel waveguide Bragg gratings on changes of the temperature and relative humidity are investigated...
October 26, 2017: Sensors
Mohammad Ghoreishi, Afsaneh Naderi Beni, Zahra Naderi Beni, Alireza Zandi, Farzan Kianersi
The purpose of this study is to compare visual outcomes of myopic refractive surgery, using tissue saving (TS), a standard ablation profile by a Technolas 217z100, and aberration smart ablation (ASA), an aspheric algorithm by a MEL 80 excimer laser in two eyes of one patient. In this prospective interventional paired-eye controlled study, a total of 100 eyes of 50 participants with myopia with or without astigmatism underwent thin-flap Femto-LASIK, using a Femto LDV femtosecond laser (Ziemer Ophthalmic Systems AG, Port, Switzerland)...
December 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
Yoshihiro Imai, Takehiro Yamashita, On Topaz
RATIONALE: Thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) and red thrombus are suggested as a high-risk of embolic complications during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Intracoronary aspiration procedures occasionally result in either an insufficient thrombus removal or provide no significant effects on TCFA. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 76-year-old male underwent coronary angiography for chest pain. DIAGNOSES: Coronary angiography revealed a tight stenosis at the right coronary artery which resulted in treatment by PCI...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Paul I Dron, Josef Michl, Justin C Johnson
We describe the preparation and excited state dynamics of three alkyl derivatives of 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran (1) in both solutions and thin films. The substitutions are intended to disrupt the slip-stacked packing observed in crystals of 1 while maintaining the favorable energies of singlet and triplet for singlet fission (SF). All substitutions result in films that are largely amorphous as judged by the absence of strong X-ray diffraction peaks. The films of 1 carrying a methyl in the para position of one phenyl ring undergo SF relatively efficiently (≥75% triplet yield, ΦT) but more slowly than thin films of 1...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Sarah Greish, Åsmund Rinnan, Helle Marcussen, Peter E Holm, Jan H Christensen
Understanding interaction mechanisms between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and soil-washing agents can help in choosing efficient agents which are able to desorb and solubilize PAHs. This study investigated interaction mechanisms between pyrene and four washing agents including: two dissolved organic matters (DOM) F-DOM and CRC-DOM, and two commercial bio-based surfactants BBE-1000 and Supersolv using fluorescence spectroscopy combined with multivariate curve resolution alternating regression (MCR-AR)...
October 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Anna Dembska, Elzbieta Kierzek, Bernard Juskowiak
Intracellular sensing using fluorescent molecular beacons is a potentially useful strategy for real-time, in vivo monitoring of important cellular events. This work is focused on evaluation of pyrene excimer signaling molecular beacons (MBs) for the monitoring of pH changes in vitro as well as inside living cells. The recognition element in our MB called pHSO (pH-sensitive oligonucleotide) is the loop enclosing cytosine-rich fragment that is able to form i-motif structure in a specific pH range. However, alteration of a sequence of the 6 base pairs containing stem of MB allowed the design of pHSO probes that exhibited different dynamic pH range and possessed slightly different transition midpoint between i-motif and open loop configuration...
October 16, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Samy Fenniche, Houda Hammami, Anissa Zaouak
Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder of hair, characterized by non-scarring hair loss. 308-nm Excimer lamp (EL) has been reported as one effective modality in the treatment of AA. Khellin is a furanochromone photosensitizer whose chemical structure is close to psoralens and has previously proven its efficacy in vitiligo in association with UVA. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of a combination of topical khellin and 308-nm EL in the treatment of a refractory ophiasic AA (OAA), of 1-year evolution, in a 5-year-old boy...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Yu-Ling Liu, Chien-Chi Tseng, Chang-Ping Lin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, predictability, and visual performance of excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia greater than -8 diopters (D). METHODS: Fifty-four patients (104 eyes) with myopia from -8D to -13D and cylinder up to -4D received surface ablation technique with the Allegretto wave version 1009-1 excimer laser to correct their refractive error. The patients were examined on days 1, 3, 7, and 14 and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively...
April 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
Chip J Smith, Durgesh V Wagle, Hugh M O'Neill, Barbara R Evans, Sheila N Baker, Gary A Baker
To fully leverage the advantages of ionic liquids for many applications, it is necessary to immobilize or encapsulate the fluids within an inert, robust, quasi-solid-state format that does not disrupt their many desirable, inherent features. The formation of ionogels represents a promising approach; however, many earlier approaches suffer from solvent/matrix incompatibility, optical opacity, embrittlement, matrix-limited thermal stability, and/or inadequate ionic liquid loading. We offer a solution to these limitations by demonstrating a straightforward and effective strategy toward flexible and durable ionogels comprising bacterial cellulose supports hosting in excess of 99% ionic liquid by total weight...
October 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Stefano Guglielmetti, Amy Kirton, Dan Z Reinstein, Glenn I Carp, Timothy J Archer
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of transepithelial phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) in the management of irregularly irregular astigmatism. METHODS: This was a case series of two patients who underwent transepithelial PTK for irregularly irregular astigmatism. In the first case, the patient complained of diplopia due to corneal scarring caused by a metallic foreign body injury. The topography demonstrated irregularly irregular astigmatism with significant asymmetry in the inferotemporal to superonasal axis...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
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