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Gustavo K Marino, Marcony R Santhiago, Steven E Wilson
PURPOSE: To characterize the location and regularity of the opaque bubble layer (OBL) in the corneal stroma after femtosecond laser-assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK) flap generation. METHODS: In this prospective study, 30 eyes of 15 patients who had FS-LASIK surgery for myopia, astigmatism, and/or hyperopia were included. Screen captures were obtained at the end of the flap creation and the eyes with hard type OBL were immediately imaged with anterior segment optical coherence tomography...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Rohit Shetty, Rushad Shroff, Kalyani Deshpande, Roshan Gowda, Sumeet Lahane, Chaitra Jayadev
PURPOSE: To analyze refractive outcomes of wavefront-optimized (WFO) ablation and topography-guided custom ablation (TCAT) profiles using the Allegretto Wave excimer laser platform (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX) in the treatment of myopia. METHODS: Sixty eyes of 30 patients who underwent LASIK were included in this prospective interventional study. WFO ablation was performed in one eye (WFO group) and TCAT in the fellow eye (TCAT group). The WaveLight FS200 femtosecond laser (Alcon Laboratories, Inc...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Catherine M Mauck, Ryan M Young, Michael R Wasielewski
Excimer formation plays a significant role in trapping excitons within organic molecular solids. Covalent dimers of perylene-3,4:9,10-bis(dicarboximide) (PDI) are useful model systems for studying these processes as their intermolecular geometries can be precisely tuned. Using femtosecond visible-pump infrared-probe (fsIR) spectroscopy in the shortwave- and mid-infrared regions, we characterize two PDI dimers with a cofacial and a slip-stacked geometry that are coupled through a triptycene bridge. In the mid-infrared region, fsIR spectra for the strongly coupled dimers are highly blue-shifted compared to monomeric (1*)PDI...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
W Kedzierski, J W McConkey
A novel detector is described in which solid nitrogen at 17 K is used as the most significant element. Metastable particles impinge on this element and immediately transfer their internal energy to the solid nitrogen producing photons, via excimer formation or otherwise, whose wavelength depends on the metastable being detected and the energy transfer process. The performance of the instrument for the detection of atomic oxygen and molecular nitrogen metastables is discussed.
December 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Adam Zsedenyi, Balazs Farkas, Gaser N Abdelrasoul, Ilaria Romano, Edina Gyukity-Sebestyen, Katalin Nagy, Maria Harmati, Gabriella Dobra, Sandor Kormondi, Gabor Decsi, Istvan Balazs Nemeth, Alberto Diaspro, Fernando Brandi, Szabolcs Beke, Krisztina Buzas
Therapeutic stem cell transplantation bears the promise of new directions in organ and tissue replacement, but a number of its difficulties and perils are also well known. Our goal was to develop a method of transplantation by which the transplanted cells remain confined to the transplantation site and induce favorable processes. With the help of mask-projection excimer laser stereolithography, 3D hybrid nanoscaffolds were fabricated from biodegradable, photocurable PPF:DEF resin with incorporated gold nanoparticles (Au NPs)...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Sun Jin Kim, Han Eol Lee, Hyeongdo Choi, Yongjun Kim, Ju Hyung We, Ji Seon Shin, Keon Jae Lee, Byung Jin Cho
Flexible thermoelectric generators (f-TEGs) are emerging as a semipermanent power source for self-powered sensors, which is an important area of research for next-generation smart network monitoring systems in the Internet-of-things era. We report in this paper a f-TEG produced by a screen-printing technique (SPT) and a laser multiscanning (LMS) lift-off process. A screen-printed TEG was fabricated on a SiO2/a-Si/quartz substrate via the SPT process, and the LMS process completely separated the rigid quartz substrate from the original TEG by selective reaction of the XeCl excimer laser with the exfoliation layer (a-Si)...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Hajime Maeda, Masato Hironishi, Rikiya Ishibashi, Kazuhiko Mizuno, Masahito Segi
[3.3](1,3)Pyrenophanes tethered by oxygen (1), sulfur (2) and selenium (3) atoms were synthesized and the structural and physical properties of these substances were determined. The absorption maxima of the [3.3](1,3)pyrenophanes were observed to shift to longer wavelengths in the order of 1 < 2 < 3. The fluorescence spectra of 1-3 contained both monomer and intramolecular excimer emissions, which correspond to anti and syn conformers, respectively. The ratios of the intensities of intramolecular excimer to monomer emission were observed to increase with the increasing solvent polarity...
December 23, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Torsten Schlote, Alexander Heuberger
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the multifocal excimer laser corneal ablation profile (the Supracor procedure) in hyperopic presbyopia 1 year after laser treatment. METHODS: This prospective, consecutive, one-center, cross-sectional study included 20 patients with hyperopic presbyopia 1 year after treatment with the Supracor procedure. The main outcome measures were monocular uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) and uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA), photopic contrast sensitivity (Pelli-Robson charts), patient satisfaction, and functioning at 12 months...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Marcony R Santhiago
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Julie M Schallhorn, Steven C Schallhorn, Keith A Hettinger, Jan A Venter, Martina Pelouskova, David Teenan, Stephen J Hannan
PURPOSE: To assess refractive and visual outcomes and postoperative complications in a large number of patients with well-controlled collagen vascular and other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. SETTING: Optical Express, Glasgow, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: The files were reviewed of patients who had collagen vascular and other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases and who had excimer laser surgery between 2008 and 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Eman M Al-Sharif, Donald U Stone
BACKGROUND: PRK is a refractive surgery that reshapes the corneal surface by excimer laser photoablation to correct refractive errors. The effect of increased ultraviolet (UV) exposure on promoting post-PRK corneal haze has been reported in the literature; however, information is lacking regarding the effect of ambient UV exposure on physician practice patterns. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ophthalmologists' practice location on their reported practice patterns to prevent post-PRK corneal haze...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
Sarah Moussa, Alois K Dexl, Eva M Krall, Eva M Arlt, Günther Grabner, Josef Ruckhofer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual, refractive, and aberrometric outcomes as well as the level of patient satisfaction and photic phenomena after myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery using wavefront-guided (WFG) ablations based on measurements obtained with a high-resolution aberrometer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was a prospective analysis including 253 eyes of 127 patients (aged between 19 years and 54 years) undergoing WFG LASIK using the STAR S4 IR Excimer Laser System combined with the iDesign System and iFS Femtosecond Laser...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Brian C Toy, Edward E Manche
OBJECTIVE: To compare the astigmatic outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) with a wavefront-guided (WFG) and a wavefront-optimized (WFO) excimer laser performed on two different platforms. METHODS: Setting: institutional. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, fellow eye comparison clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 142 eyes of 71 patients with myopia of 12 diopters (D) or less and astigmatism of 3D or less were enrolled at the Byers Eye Institute at Stanford between April 2009 and March 2011...
December 19, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
Mostafa Naderi, Khosrow Jadidi, Seyed Aliasghar Mosavi, Seyed Aref Daneshi
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness, safety and stability of the results of transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (tPRK) with conventional photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for low to moderate myopia. METHODS: In this prospective non-randomized case-control study, patients with low to moderate myopia were assigned to the tPRK group (cases) or the PRK group (controls). In the tPRK group, eyes were treated using the Amaris excimer laser (SCHWIND eye-tech-solutions GmbH and Co...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Yuan Cao, Lijun Zhang, Xinyan Huang, Yunhong Xin, Liping Ding
Fluorescent sensor arrays with pattern recognition ability have been widely used to detect and identify multiple chemically similar analytes. In the present work, two particular bispyrene fluorophores containing hydrophilic oligo(oxyethylene) spacer, 6 and 4, were synthesized, but one is with and the other is without cholesterol unit. Their ensembles with cationic surfactant (CTAB) assemblies realize multiple fluorescence responses to different metalloproteins, including hemoglobin, myoglobin, ferritin, cytochrome c, and alcohol dehydrogenase...
December 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yuji Mikata, Ayaka Takekoshi, Minori Kaneda, Hideo Konno, Keiko Yasuda, Masato Aoyama, Satoshi Tamotsu
A quinoline-based heptadentate ligand, N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-quinolylmethyl)-2,6-bis(aminomethyl)pyridine (TQLN), exhibits a Zn(2+)-specific fluorescence increase at 428 nm, which is assigned to excimer emission (IZn/I0 = 38, ICd/IZn = 24%, ϕZn = 0.069). In contrast, the isoquinoline counterpart 1-isoTQLN exhibits a Cd(2+)-specific fluorescence increase at 365 nm attributable to monomer emission (ICd/I0 = 83, IZn/ICd = 19%, ϕCd = 0.015).
December 16, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Eric A Margulies, Jenna L Logsdon, Claire E Miller, Lin Ma, Ethan Simonoff, Ryan M Young, George C Schatz, Michael R Wasielewski
Singlet exciton fission (SF) in organic chromophore assemblies results in the conversion of one singlet exciton (S1) into two triplet excitons (T1), provided that the overall process is exoergic, i.e., E(S1) > 2E(T1). We report on SF in thin polycrystalline films of two terrylene-3,4:11,12-bis(dicarboximide) (TDI) derivatives 1 and 2, which crystallize into two distinct π-stacked structures. Femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy (fsTA) reveals a charge-transfer state preceding a 190% T1 yield in films of 1, where the π-stacked TDI molecules are rotated by 23° along an axis perpendicular to their π systems...
December 29, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
A Lazaridis, A Messerschmidt-Roth, W Sekundo, S Schulze
The ReLEx® technique allows correction of refractive errors through the creation and extraction of refractive stromal lenticules. Contrary to excimer laser corneal refractive procedures, where the stromal tissue is photoablated, the extracted lenticules obtained with ReLEx® can be preserved. Recent studies and case reports have described autologous re-implantation and allogeneic implantation of refractive lenticules into femtosecond-laser created stromal pockets in order to reverse the refractive outcome of a myopic corneal refractive procedure, correct hyperopia, aphakia, presbyopia and treat keratoconus...
December 14, 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Sho Hashimoto, Akihiko Takahashi, Takeshi Yamada, Yukio Mizuguchi, Norimasa Taniguchi, Shunsuke Nakajima, Tetsuya Hata
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Paul N Day, Ruth Pachter, Kiet A Nguyen
Using density functional theory (DFT) and linear and quadratic response time-dependent DFT, we investigated the structure and optical properties of a silver sulfide cluster with the interesting property of dual emission that was observed when in crystal form but not in solution. Since the dual fluorescence is observed only in the crystal, a supposition of stabilization of a higher-energy excited state by an excimer-like complex was analyzed by calculations for a cluster dimer, formed through π-stacking of aromatic groups bonded to the sulfur atoms...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
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