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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930794/using-donor-lenticules-obtained-through-smile-for-an-epikeratophakia-technique-combined-with-phototherapeutic-keratectomy
#1
Jing Zhao, Ling Sun, Yang Shen, Mi Tian, Peijun Yao, Xingtao Zhou
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of using a donor lenticule created during small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) in an epikeratophakia technique combined with phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK). METHODS: Six patients with decreased visual acuity due to a recurrence of corneal dystrophy were included in this prospective pilot study. PTK was performed using the MEL 80 excimer laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) followed by the transplantation of donor lenticules onto the recipient eyes...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930395/excimer-laser-versus-phakic-intraocular-lenses-for-myopia-and-astigmatism-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Haiting Chen, Yu Liu, Guangzeng Niu, Ma Jingxue
OBJECTIVE: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which compared excimer laser refractive surgery and phakic intraocular lenses (PIOLs) for the treatment of myopia and astigmatism. METHODS: An electronic literature search was performed using the PubMed, EBSCO, CNKI, and Cochrane Library database to identify prospective RCTs which compared excimer laser refractive surgery and PIOL with a follow-up time of at least 12 months. Efficacy, accuracy, safety outcomes, and complications were analyzed by standardized mean difference, risk ratio, and the pooled estimates according to a fixed effect model or random effect model...
October 25, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930376/excimer-light-treatment-for-idiopathic-guttate-hypomelanosis-a-pilot-study
#3
Jennifer R S Gordon, Kellie E Reed, Katherine R Sebastian, Ammar M Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis (IGH) is a commonly acquired benign leukoderma characterized by multiple discrete, hypo- or depigmented macules often on extremities that can be aesthetically undesirable for patients. This is the first study using excimer laser for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of excimer laser for repigmentation of idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this longitudinal, split-body controlled, single-blinded pilot study, 6 patients were treated with excimer laser for 12 weeks using the vitiligo protocol...
December 2, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910921/bipolar-and-unipolar-silylene-diphenylene-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-conjugated-polymer-route-for-highly-efficient-electrophosphorescence
#4
Yao-Tang Chang, Sunil Sharma, Miao-Ken Hung, Yu-Hsuan Lee, Show-An Chen
σ-π conjugated polymer strategy is proposed for designing electroluminescent host polymers with silylene-diphenylene as the backbone repeat unit giving a high triplet energy (ET = 2.67 eV). By incorporation of high ET (3.0 eV) electron (oxadiazole, OXD) and hole (triphenyl amine, TPA) transport moieties, or TPA alone (in this case, the main chain acts as electron transport channel) as side arms on the silylene, the high ET bipolar and unipolar polymers are formed, allowing a use of iridium green phosphor (Ir(ppy)2(acac), Ir-G) (ET = 2...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904832/frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-treatment-options
#5
Raymond Fertig, Antonella Tosti
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a rare dermatologic disease that causes scarring and hair loss and is increasing in prevalence worldwide. FFA patients typically present with hair loss in the frontal scalp region and eyebrows which may be associated with sensations of itching or burning. FFA is a clinically distinct variant of lichen planopilaris (LPP) that affects predominantly postmenopausal women, although men and premenopausal women may also be affected. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are necessary to prevent definitive scarring and permanent hair loss...
November 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901015/laser-induced-phase-separation-of-silicon-carbide
#6
Insung Choi, Hu Young Jeong, Hyeyoung Shin, Gyeongwon Kang, Myunghwan Byun, Hyungjun Kim, Adrian M Chitu, James S Im, Rodney S Ruoff, Sung-Yool Choi, Keon Jae Lee
Understanding the phase separation mechanism of solid-state binary compounds induced by laser-material interaction is a challenge because of the complexity of the compound materials and short processing times. Here we present xenon chloride excimer laser-induced melt-mediated phase separation and surface reconstruction of single-crystal silicon carbide and study this process by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and a time-resolved reflectance method. A single-pulse laser irradiation triggers melting of the silicon carbide surface, resulting in a phase separation into a disordered carbon layer with partially graphitic domains (∼2...
November 30, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896886/two-in-one-%C3%AE-orthogonal-photochemistry-on-a-radical-photoinitiating-system
#7
Silvana Hurrle, Andrea Lauer, Hartmut Gliemann, Hatice Mutlu, Christof Wöll, Anja S Goldmann, Christopher Barner-Kowollik
An alkyne functional radical photoinitiator, 2-(4-(2-hydroxy-2-methylpropanoyl)phenoxy)ethyl hex-5-ynoate, and evidence that both reactive moieties - the alkyne and the photoinitiator terminus - can be independently addressed with light of disparate wavelength (λ-orthogonality) are introduced. The alkyne functionality is subjected to a visible light (420 nm) induced copper-catalyzed Huisgen reaction, which is employed for the selective functionalization of the initiator with a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) chain...
November 29, 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894000/synthesis-and-fluorescence-studies-of-nine-1-5-benzodiazepine-2-4-dione-derivatives-dual-emission-and-excimer-fluorescence
#8
Hamid Reza Qomi, Azizollah Habibi, Seyyed Mohammad Shahcheragh
The photophysical properties of nine 1,5-benzodiazepine-2,4-dione (BZD) derivatives were investigated using absorption and fluorescence spectral techniques in dimethyl sulfoxide. The trend of red shifts caused by the substitutions had full compliance with the trend of decreasing the calculated band gap (ΔELUMO-HOMO) by semi-empirical AM1 and DFT/B3LYP/6-311+G* computational methods. The positive solvatochromism of BZD a demonstrated the π-π* nature of the singlet excited state. Dual fluorescence was observed in the emission spectra of BZD f and g, while their spectrum in different concentration showed only one peak short wavelength (SW) in dilute solutions...
November 22, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862848/safety-and-efficacy-of-rotational-atherectomy-for-the-treatment-of-undilatable-underexpanded-stents-implanted-in-calcific-lesions
#9
Luca A Ferri, Richard J Jabbour, Francesco Giannini, Susanna Benincasa, Marco Ancona, Damiano Regazzoli, Antonio Mangieri, Matteo Montorfano, Antonio Colombo, Azeem Latib
OBJECTIVES: Coronary stent underexpansion is a known risk factor for in-stent restenosis and stent thrombosis. There are limited options once noncompliant balloons have failed to achieve optimal stent expansion. Excimer Laser Coronary Angioplasty with contrast medium injection is one possibility, but not readily available. Rotational atherectomy is an alternative, and has been described in case reports, but concerns exist regarding safety. METHODS: All consecutive patients undergoing rotational atherectomy for symptomatic in-stent restenosis due to stent underexpansion resistant to noncompliant balloon postdilatation between January 2005 and December 2015 were analysed...
November 10, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859829/phosphorescent-pt-ii-and-pd-ii-complexes-for-efficient-high-color-quality-and-stable-oleds
#10
Tyler Fleetham, Guijie Li, Jian Li
Phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are leading candidates for next-generation displays and solid-state lighting technologies. Much of the academic and commercial pursuits in phosphorescent OLEDs have been dominated by Ir(III) complexes. Over the past decade recent developments have enabled square planar Pt(II) and Pd(II) complexes to meet or exceed the performance of Ir complexes in many aspects. In particular, the development of N-heterocyclic carbene-based emitters and tetradentate cyclometalated Pt and Pd complexes have significantly improved the emission efficiency and reduced their radiative lifetimes making them competitive with the best reported Ir complexes...
November 18, 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843292/topography-modified-refraction-tmr-adjustment-of-treated-cylinder-amount-and-axis-to-the-topography-versus-standard-clinical-refraction-in-myopic-topography-guided-lasik
#11
Anastasios John Kanellopoulos
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and contralateral eye comparison of topography-guided myopic LASIK with two different refraction treatment strategies. SETTING: Private clinical ophthalmology practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 100 eyes (50 patients) in consecutive cases of myopic topography-guided LASIK procedures with the same refractive platform (FS200 femtosecond and EX500 excimer lasers) were randomized for treatment as follows: one eye with the standard clinical refraction (group A) and the contralateral eye with the topographic astigmatic power and axis (topography-modified treatment refraction; group B)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828426/freeform-microlens-array-homogenizer-for-excimer-laser-beam-shaping
#12
Yuhua Jin, Ali Hassan, Yijian Jiang
We presented a novel technique to design microlens optical beam homogenizing system for excimer lasers. As a new approach by applying freeform surface microlens array, the homogenizer can yield somehow superior beam shaping results with larger but less microlens units than conventional method. With new concept and design, the diffraction effects at the microlens apertures can be reduced substantially. Large scale and highly uniform beam profile can be realized at a relative nearby working distance after beam shaping...
October 31, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824375/visual-outcomes-after-lasik-using-topography-guided-vs-wavefront-guided-customized-ablation-systems
#13
Ikuko Toda, Takeshi Ide, Teruki Fukumoto, Kazuo Tsubota
PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual performance of two customized ablation systems (wavefront-guided ablation and topography-guided ablation) in LASIK. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized clinical study, 68 eyes of 35 patients undergoing LASIK were enrolled. Patients were randomly assigned to wavefront-guided ablation using the iDesign aberrometer and STAR S4 IR Excimer Laser system (Abbott Medical Optics, Inc., Santa Ana, CA) (wavefront-guided group; 32 eyes of 16 patients; age: 29...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809539/excimers-in-the-lowest-rotational-quantum-state-in-liquid-helium
#14
Luis Guillermo Mendoza-Luna, Nagham M K Shiltagh, Mark J Watkins, Nelly Bonifaci, Frederic Aitken, Klaus von Haeften
Evidence for helium excimers (He∗_2) in the lowest allowed rotational quantum state in liquid helium is presented. He∗_2 was generated by a corona discharge in the gas and normal liquid phases. Fluorescence spectra recorded in the visible region between 3.8 and 5.0 K and 0.2 and 5.6 bar showed the rotationally resolved d3 Σ+ u → b3 Πg transition of He∗_2. Analysis of the pressure and temperature dependence of lineshifts and line intensities showed features of solvated He∗_2 superimposed on its gas phase spectrum and, in the liquid phase only, pressure-induced rotational cooling...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802065/a-review-on-laser-and-light-based-therapies-for-alopecia-areata
#15
Stephanie Mlacker, Adam Souhail Aldahan, Brian James Simmons, Vidhi Shah, Colin Andrew McNamara, Sahal Samarkandy, Keyvan Nouri
Alopecia areata is a form of non-scarring alopecia that results from a hyperactive immune response of T cells against hair follicles. Many patients with visible hair loss experience psychological and emotional distress, as a result of their cosmetic disfigurement, and frequently seek treatment. However, existing treatment methods, such as corticosteroids, topical irritants, sensitizing agents, immunosuppressants, and psoralen plus ultraviolet light A may result in various adverse effects and often lack efficacy...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797516/can-excited-state-energy-of-pyrenyl-unit-be-directly-transferred-to-perylene-bisimide-moiety
#16
Gang Wang, Congdi Shang, Li Wang, Haonan Peng, Shiwei Yin, Yu Fang
A pyrenyl unit (Py) was chemically connected to a perylene bisimide moiety (PBI) via a long and flexible linker, 4,7,10-trioxa-1,13-tridecanediamine (TOA), resulting in a fluorescent dyad, PBI-TOA-Py. UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence studies revealed that the two fluorescent units of PBI-TOA-Py behave independently. However, efficient Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) from the Py unit to the PBI moiety in solution state was also observed. Temperature and solvent effect studies demonstrated that the energy transfer efficiency is highly dependent upon solution temperature and solvent nature...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783517/interaction-of-helium-rydberg-state-molecules-with-dense-helium
#17
Nelly Bonifaci, Zhiling Li, Jussi Eloranta, Steven L Fiedler
The interaction potentials of the He(*)(2) excimer, in the a (3)Σu, b (3)Πg, c (3)Σg , and d (3)Σu electronic states with a ground state helium atom are presented. The symmetry of the interaction potentials closely follows the excimer Rydberg electron density with pronounced short-range minima appearing along the nodal planes of the Rydberg orbital. In such cases, a combination of the electrostatic short-range attraction combined with Pauli repulsion leads to the appearance of unusual long-range maxima in the potentials...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776184/deoxyarbutin-possesses-a-potent-skin-lightening-capacity-with-no-discernible-cytotoxicity-against-melanosomes
#18
Fang Miao, Ying Shi, Zhi-Feng Fan, Shan Jiang, Shi-Zheng Xu, Tie-Chi Lei
Safe and effective ingredients capable of removing undesired hyperpigmentation from facial skin are urgently needed for both pharmaceutical and cosmetic purposes. Deoxyarbutin (4-[(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl) oxy] phenol, D-Arb) is a glucoside derivative of hydroquinone. Here, we investigated the toxicity and efficacy of D-Arb at the sub-cellular level (directly on melanosomes) and skin pigmentation using in vivo and in vitro models to compare with its parent compound hydroquinone (1,4-benzenediol, HQ). At first, we examined the ultrastructural changes of melanosomes in hyperpigmented guinea pig skin induced by 308-nm monochromatic excimer lightand/or treated with HQ and D-Arb using transmission electron microscopy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774802/-relationship-between-corneal-surface-temperature-and-air-flow-conditions-during-refractive-laser-eye-surgery-using-three-different-excimer-lasers
#19
Csaba Szekrényesi, Gábor László Sándor, Andrea Gyenes, Huba Kiss, Tamás Filkorn, Zoltán Nagy
INTRODUCTION: Thermal conditions during photorefractive keratectomy might be an important issue related to the corneal wound healing and long-term outcomes. AIM: Authors tried to find out the importance of temperature conditions during the treatment. METHOD: One eye of 90 patients has been included into the study. Photorefractive keratoctomy was applied with Carl Zeiss MEL 70, MEL 80 and Wavelight Allegretto excimer lasers. EBRO TLC 730 infrared thermometer was used for the measurement of surface temperature of the cornea before epithelial removal, as well as before and after the treatment...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763729/metal-cluster-based-colloidal-excimer-superstructures
#20
Zhuolei Zhang, Shenqiang Ren
Luminescent network: Colloidal excimer superstructures with unique optical and electronic properties have recently been described. Ground-state gold cluster cores were held together by the hydrogen-bonding network formed by their capping ligands, which enabled excimer formation.
October 20, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
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