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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813087/validation-of-the-expression-and-emotion-scale-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-into-brazilian-portuguese
#1
Margarete Andreozzi Vaz Pereira Simon, Umbertina Conti Reed, Brigette Vaughan, Valdecir Antonio Simon, Erasmo Barbante Casella
Objective: To validate the parent-rated Expression and Emotion Scale for Children (EESC) for patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: The EESC was applied to parents of children with and without ADHD. The children were divided into age groups: Group A, between six and eight years old; Group B, between nine and 11 years old; and Group C, between 12 and 15 years old. The validation was carried out according to the steps proposed by Guillemin et al...
August 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811687/a-preliminary-study-on-investigation-of-serum-%C3%AE-synuclein-and-tau-protein-levels-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity%C3%A2-disorder
#2
Ihsan Cetin, Seref Simsek
Neurodegenerative molecules play an important role in maintaining a supply for synaptic vesicles; and they are also likely to help regulate the dopamine release which is the primary mechanism of action in pharmacological treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is suggested that there could be interactions between α-synuclein and tau in cytoskeletal disorganization and synaptic dystrophy. Therefore, we aim to determine the serum levels of neurodegenerative molecules such as α-synuclein and tau in children with ADHD...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811624/pupil-size-tracks-attentional-performance-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
G Wainstein, D Rojas-Líbano, N A Crossley, X Carrasco, F Aboitiz, T Ossandón
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis is based on reported symptoms, which carries the potential risk of over- or under-diagnosis. A biological marker that helps to objectively define the disorder, providing information about its pathophysiology, is needed. A promising marker of cognitive states in humans is pupil size, which reflects the activity of an 'arousal' network, related to the norepinephrine system. We monitored pupil size from ADHD and control subjects, during a visuo-spatial working memory task...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809852/the-snp-set-based-association-study-identifies-itga1-as-a-susceptibility-gene-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-han-chinese
#4
L Liu, L Zhang, H M Li, Z R Wang, X F Xie, J P Mei, J L Jin, J Shi, L Sun, S C Li, Y L Tan, L Yang, J Wang, H M Yang, Q J Qian, Y F Wang
Genome-wide association studies, which detect the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and disease susceptibility, have been extensively applied to study attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but genome-wide significant associations have not been found yet. Genetic heterogeneity and insufficient genomic coverage may account for the missing heritability. We performed a two-stage association study for ADHD in the Han Chinese population. In the discovery stage, 1033 ADHD patients and 950 healthy controls were genotyped using both the Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP Array 6...
August 15, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809658/impact-of-the-cognitive-functional-cog-fun-intervention-on-executive-functions-and-participation-among-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Jeri Hahn-Markowitz, Itai Berger, Iris Manor, Adina Maeir
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effect of the Cognitive-Functional (Cog-Fun) occupational therapy intervention on executive functions and participation among children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: We used a randomized, controlled study with a crossover design. One hundred and seven children age 7-10 yr diagnosed with ADHD were allocated to treatment or wait-list control group. The control group received treatment after a 3-mo wait. Outcome measures included the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) and the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809509/tailoring-parent-child-interaction-therapy-pcit-for-older-children-a-case-study
#6
Wolfgang Briegel
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an evidence-based intervention designed for families of 2- to 6-year-old children with disruptive behavior disorders. This article illustrates the application of PCIT in a 10-year-old boy with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Both parents and the patient attended PCIT sessions. The course of therapy included minor changes to the PCIT protocol. After 13 PCIT sessions, the patient displayed disruptive behaviors within normal limits, and 12 months later he no longer met diagnostic criteria for ODD...
August 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807495/the-colorful-spectrum-of-tourette-syndrome-and-its-medical-surgical-and-behavioral-therapies
#7
Jan Roth
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder, more common in males than females, with onset before age 18. TS is characterized by multiple motor tics and one or more vocal/phonic tics, persisting for more than a year. Tics are unvoluntary, abrupt, rapid, repetitive, but non-rhythmic movements or sounds (vocalizations). They are preceded by an inner urge. Tics can be temporarily suppressed, but this leads to a powerful re-emergence. The performance of tics results in immediate but transient relief...
August 10, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806385/a-naturalistic-comparison-of-methylphenidate-and-risperidone-monotherapy-in-drug-naive-youth-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-comorbid-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-and-aggression
#8
Gabriele Masi, Azzurra Manfredi, Giulia Nieri, Pietro Muratori, Chiara Pfanner, Annarita Milone
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) are frequently co-occurring in youth, but data about the pharmacological management of this comorbidity are scarce, especially when impulsive aggression is prominent. Although stimulants are the first-line medication for ADHD, second-generation antipsychotics, namely, risperidone, are frequently used. We aimed to assess effectiveness and safety of monotherapy with the stimulant methylphenidate (MPH) and risperidone in a consecutive sample of 40 drug-naive male youths diagnosed as having ADHD-combined presentation, comorbid with ODD and aggression, without psychiatric comorbidities, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria and a structured clinical interview (Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805580/tourette-syndrome-and-chronic-tic-disorders-the-clinical-spectrum-beyond-tics
#9
Davide Martino, Christos Ganos, Tamara M Pringsheim
The clinical surveillance and active management of Tourette syndrome (TS) and other primary chronic tic disorders cannot be limited to tics, as these patients manifest a spectrum of sensory-, behavioral-, cognitive-, and sleep-related problems that have a major impact on their functioning and quality of life, influencing enormously clinical decision making on a routine basis. The sensory phenomena of primary tic disorders consist of premonitory urges and heightened sensitivity to external somatosensory and interoceptive stimuli...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805445/prevalence-and-predictors-of-learning-and-psychological-diagnoses-following-pediatric-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#10
Tricia S Williams, Kyla P McDonald, Samantha D Roberts, Nomazulu Dlamini, Gabrielle deVeber, Robyn Westmacott
This study examined the prevalence of learning and psychological diagnoses and associated neurological and personal-environmental risk factors following perinatal and childhood arterial ischemic stroke. In our sample of 126 children and youth, 52.4% received a diagnosis following their assessment. Specifically, 32% had a single diagnosis and 21% had two or more diagnoses. Learning disability, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, and intellectual disability were the most prevalent diagnoses. Associated risk factors varied by diagnosis with lower intellectual functioning being the common risk factor across categories...
August 14, 2017: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804748/health-of-children-living-near-coal-ash
#11
Clara G Sears, Kristina M Zierold
Coal ash, generated from coal combustion, is composed of small particles containing metals and other elements, such as metalloids. Coal ash is stored in open-air impoundments, frequently near communities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of health and sleep problems in children living near coal ash and compare these prevalences to children not living near coal ash. In 2013 to 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional survey in a community adjacent to coal ash storage sites and a community not exposed to coal ash...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803577/auditory-brainstem-response-abr-profiling-tests-as-diagnostic-support-for-schizophrenia-and-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#12
Eva Juselius Baghdassarian, Maria Nilsson Markhed, Eva Lindström, Björn M Nilsson, Tommy Lewander
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performances of two auditory brainstem response (ABR) profiling tests as potential biomarkers and diagnostic support for schizophrenia and adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), respectively, in an investigator-initiated blinded study design. METHOD: Male and female patients with schizophrenia (n=26) and adult ADHD (n=24) meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition (DSM IV) diagnostic criteria and healthy controls (n=58) comprised the analysis set (n=108) of the total number of study participants (n=119)...
August 14, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803557/altered-intrinsic-functional-connectivity-of-the-cingulate-cortex-in-children-with-severe-temper-outbursts
#13
Amy Krain Roy, Randi Bennett, Jonathan Posner, Leslie Hulvershorn, F Xavier Castellanos, Rachel G Klein
Severe temper outbursts (STO) in children are associated with impaired school and family functioning and may contribute to negative outcomes. These outbursts can be conceptualized as excessive frustration responses reflecting reduced emotion regulation capacity. The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been implicated in negative affect as well as emotional control, and exhibits disrupted function in children with elevated irritability and outbursts. This study examined the intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) of a region of the ACC, the anterior midcingulate cortex (aMCC), in 5- to 9-year-old children with STO (n = 20), comparing them to children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) without outbursts (ADHD; n = 18)...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803031/neurofeedback-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Winfried Rief
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803030/neurofeedback-sham-neurofeedback-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-triple-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Michael Schönenberg, Eva Wiedemann, Alexander Schneidt, Jonathan Scheeff, Alexander Logemann, Philipp M Keune, Martin Hautzinger
BACKGROUND: Many studies suggest that electroencephalographic (EEG) neurofeedback might be beneficial in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, numbers of well controlled studies are low and neurofeedback techniques are regarded as highly controversial. The present trial examined the efficacy (compared with sham neurofeedback) and efficiency (compared with meta-cognitive therapy) of a standard EEG neurofeedback protocol in adults with ADHD. METHODS: We did a concurrent, triple-blind, randomised, controlled trial using authorised deception in adults with ADHD from one centre (University of Tübingen) in Tübingen, Germany...
August 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801917/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-interaction-between-socioeconomic-status-and-parental-history-of-adhd-determines-prevalence
#16
Andrew S Rowland, Betty J Skipper, David L Rabiner, Fares Qeadan, Richard A Campbell, A Jack Naftel, David M Umbach
BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported a higher prevalence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among disadvantaged populations, but few have considered how parental history of ADHD might modify that relationship. We evaluated whether the prevalence of ADHD varies by socioeconomic status (SES) and parental history of ADHD in a population-sample of elementary school children age 6-14 years. METHODS: We screened all children in grades 1-5 in 17 schools in one North Carolina (U...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800444/do-parental-adhd-symptoms-reduce-the-efficacy-of-parent-training-for-preschool-adhd-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Rex Forehand, Justin Parent, Virginia D Peisch, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Nicholas Long, Nicole Lafko Breslend, Howard B Abikoff
Previous studies have suggested that children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may benefit less from behavioral parent training (BPT) if their parents have high levels of ADHD symptoms. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial to test the hypothesis that parental ADHD symptoms reduce the efficacy of two BPT programs in a sample of preschoolers with ADHD. One intervention was specifically designed for children with ADHD (NFPP: New Forest Parenting Programme) and one was designed for children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) (HNC: Helping the Noncompliant Child)...
August 4, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800281/attentional-lapses-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-blank-rather-than-wandering-thoughts
#18
Charlotte Van den Driessche, Mikaël Bastian, Hugo Peyre, Coline Stordeur, Éric Acquaviva, Sara Bahadori, Richard Delorme, Jérôme Sackur
People with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have difficulties sustaining their attention on external tasks. Such attentional lapses have often been characterized as the simple opposite of external sustained attention, but the different types of attentional lapses, and the subjective experiences to which they correspond, remain unspecified. In this study, we showed that unmedicated children (ages 6-12) with ADHD, when probed during a standard go/no-go task, reported more mind blanking (a mental state characterized by the absence of reportable content) than did control participants...
August 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799918/developmental-pbde-exposure-and-iq-adhd-in-childhood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Juleen Lam, Bruce P Lanphear, David Bellinger, Daniel A Axelrad, Jennifer McPartland, Patrice Sutton, Lisette Davidson, Natalyn Daniels, Saunak Sen, Tracey J Woodruff
BACKGROUND: In the United States, one in six children are affected by neurodevelopmental disorders, and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in flame-retardant chemicals are measured ubiquitously in children. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic a systematic review regarding developmental exposure to PBDEs and intelligence or Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and attention-related behavioral conditions in humans. METHODS: We searched articles published up to 26 September 2016, and included original studies that quantified exposures to PBDEs incurred any time in proximity to conception or during in utero, perinatal, or childhood time periods...
August 3, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796925/neurological-comorbidity-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#20
Keiko Hirabaru, Muneaki Matsuo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of central nervous system comorbidities in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). METHODS: We performed a nationwide survey to investigate neurological comorbidities in 3-15-year-old children with NF1 in Japan by sending questionnaires to pediatricians and pediatric neurologists. A secondary questionnaire was sent to the parents of identified NF1 patients to assess neurological comorbidities including headache, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-Rating Scale (RS), and the Social Responsiveness Scale -2...
August 10, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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