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Airway ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768359/case-report-of-gastric-distension-due-to-superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-mimicking-hollow-viscus-perforation-considerations-in-critical-care-ultrasound
#1
Yan-Mei Feng, Dong Wan, Rui Guo
RATIONALE: Critical care ultrasound identifies the signs of free intraperitoneal air and echogenic free fluid always indicates hollow viscus perforation (HVP) and needs immediate surgical interventions. However, in rare cases, these classic signs may also mislead proper clinical decisions. We report perforated viscus associated large peritoneal effusion with initial critical care ultrasound findings, whereas computed tomography (CT) examination confirmed a giant stomach due to superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS)...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661380/relationship-between-severe-obesity-and-depth-to-the-cricothyroid-membrane-in-third-trimester-non-labouring-parturients-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
K Gadd, K Wills, R Harle, N Terblanche
BACKGROUND: Severely obese parturients have increased 'cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate' risk during Caesarean section under general anaesthesia. Front-of-neck access (FONA) at the cricothyroid membrane (CTM) is definitive management; however, attempted FONA can fail. Point-of-care ultrasonography may provide useful information about CTM depth to aid FONA in obesity. This study determined the difference in CTM depth between severely obese and non-obese parturients, utilising ultrasonography...
May 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628843/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-airway-assessment-a-correlation-of-ultrasonography-guided-parameters-to-the-cormack-lehane-classification
#3
Shelly Rana, Versha Verma, Shyam Bhandari, Shalini Sharma, Vishal Koundal, Sudarshan Kumar Chaudhary
Background and Aim: The sonographic assessment of airway in the preoperative period has encouraging results in predicting difficult laryngoscopy. Materials and Methods: The prospective, observational study was conducted on 120 patients scheduled for elective surgery requiring general anesthesia and tracheal intubation. The depth of the pre-epiglottic space (Pre-E), the distance from the epiglottis to the midpoint of the distance between the vocal cords (E-VC) was measured sonographically...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573624/ultrasonography-of-the-airway-to-identify-patients-at-risk-for-difficult-tracheal-intubation-are-we-there-yet
#4
EDITORIAL
Joanne Guay, Sandra Kopp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477268/diagnostic-utilities-of-tracheal-ultrasound-and-usb-endoscope-for-the-confirmation-of-endotracheal-tube-placement-a-cadaver-study
#5
Erkman Sanri, Ebru Unal Akoglu, Sinan Karacabey, Ural Verimli, Haldun Akoglu, Umit Sehirli, Arzu Denizbasi
OBJECTIVES: Confirmation of the endotracheal tube placement (CoETP) has the utmost importance in the management of an airway. Visualization of tracheal rings or carina with a fiber-optical bronchoscope (FOB) has considered to be a reliable method for the CoETP. However, FOB is expensive, time-consuming, and not always practical. Inexpensive endoscopic USB-cameras were shown to aid intubation successfully and reliably. On the other hand, there have been no studies investigating their use for the CoETP...
February 17, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396742/a-review-of-diagnostic-accuracy-and-clinical-impact-from-the-focused-use-of-perioperative-ultrasound
#6
REVIEW
Daniel Bainbridge, Brie McConnell, Colin Royse
PURPOSE: To perform a narrative review of the current trials examining the use of perioperative ultrasound to diagnose common issues related to the heart, lungs, stomach, and airway. METHOD: A review of the current literature was conducted in June 2017 on all trials involving ultrasound, including both surface and transesophageal ultrasound, in the perioperative period. The search included the terms 'ultrasonography', 'perioperative care', 'point-of-care', and 'bedside'...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349733/point-of-care-ultrasound-pocus-of-the-upper-airway
#7
REVIEW
Kong Eric You-Ten, Naveed Siddiqui, Wendy H Teoh, Michael S Kristensen
Airway management is a critical skill in the practice of several medical specialities including anesthesia, emergency medicine, and critical care. Over the years mounting evidence has showed an increasing role of ultrasound (US) in airway management. The objective of this narrative review is to provide an overview of the indications for point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) of the upper airway. The use of US to guide and assist clinical airway management has potential benefits for both provider and patient. Ultrasound can be utilized to determine airway size and predict the appropriate diameter of single-lumen endotracheal tubes (ETTs), double-lumen ETTs, and tracheostomy tubes...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349680/ultrasound-evaluation-of-the-airway-in-the-ed-a-feasibility-study
#8
Elizabeth A Hall, Ibrahim Showaihi, Frances S Shofer, Nova L Panebianco, Anthony J Dean
BACKGROUND: Recognition of the difficult airway is a critical element of emergency practice. Mallampati score and body mass index (BMI) are not always predictive and they may be unavailable in critically ill patients. Ultrasonography provides high-resolution images that are rapidly obtainable, mobile, and non-invasive. Studies have shown correlation of ultrasound measurements with difficult laryngoscopy; however, none have been performed in the Emergency Department (ED) using a consistent scanning protocol...
January 18, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114419/unanticipated-difficult-airway-in-a-neonate-are-we-prepared-for-this-chaos
#9
Priyanka Pradeep Karnik, Nandini Malay Dave, Madhu Garasia
Unanticipated difficult airway in a neonate is a challenging situation with many difficulties because of inherent anatomical variations. To complicate the situation there is a lack of appropriate equipment, expertise and established guidelines on the management of difficult airway in neonates and infants. There are few published reports regarding the use of available devices for emergency front-of-neck access. We report the case of airway management of a neonate with an unanticipated finding of subglottic stenosis...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110850/nanoparticle-targeted-folate-receptor-1-enhanced-photodynamic-therapy-for-lung-cancer
#10
Tatsuya Kato, Cheng S Jin, Hideki Ujiie, Daiyoon Lee, Kosuke Fujino, Hironobu Wada, Hsin-Pei Hu, Robert A Weersink, Juan Chen, Mitsuhito Kaji, Kichizo Kaga, Yoshiro Matsui, Brian C Wilson, Gang Zheng, Kazuhiro Yasufuku
OBJECTIVE: Despite modest improvements, the prognosis of lung cancer patients has still remained poor and new treatment are urgently needed. Photodynamic therapy (PDT), the use of light-activated compounds (photosensitizers) is a treatment option but its use has been restricted to central airway lesions. Here, we report the use of novel porphyrin-lipid nanoparticles (porphysomes) targeted to folate receptor 1 (FOLR1) to enhance the efficacy and specificity of PDT that may translate into a minimally-invasive intervention for peripheral lung cancer and metastatic lymph nodes of advanced lung cancer...
November 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095310/sonography-used-in-the-infantile-desmoid-fibromatosis-of-postcricoid-area-a-case-report
#11
Chunxia Xia, Qiang Zhu, Changli Yue, Minxia Hu, Pingdong Li, Zheng Li
RATIONALE: Infantile desmoid fibromatosis of the postcricoid area is a rare disease and is characterized by a proliferation of fibrous tissue with non-metastasis, local infiltration, and a high rate of recurrence after surgical resection. Currently, ultrasound is scarcely used in the hypopharynx and larynx area. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 4-year-old boy presented with hoarseness, deep voice and snoring for 2∼4 years without any surgical history. On sonography, the lesion was found in the postcricoid area, and the left larynx showed impaired mobility in real time observation...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949025/perinatal-diagnosis-and-management-of-oropharyngeal-fetus-in-fetu-a-case-report
#12
Yangyang R Yu, Jimmy Espinoza, Deepak K Mehta, Sundeep G Keswani, Timothy C Lee
Fetus in fetu is an extremely rare congenital anomaly. We describe the perinatal diagnosis and management of a fetus with oropharyngeal and cervical fetus in fetu. High-resolution ultrasonography with 3-dimensional rendering can identify increased risks of airway obstruction in utero. Early identification allows a multidisciplinary team to be assembled for a scheduled ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2017.
September 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900521/effectiveness-of-ultrasonography-and-computed-tomography-in-assessing-thyroid-cartilage-invasion-in-laryngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-cancers
#13
Nilu Malpani Dhoot, B Choudhury, A C Kataki, L Kakoti, S Ahmed, J Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the adequacy of ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) in the assessment of thyroid cartilage invasion in patients with airway cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-two consecutive patients referred to our institute underwent US and CT to stage laryngeal (n = 27) or hypopharyngeal (n = 35) cancer in this prospective study. Two radiologists, who were blinded to the patients' clinical histories and histopathology, evaluated thyroid cartilage invasion on US and CT separately and independently...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818179/multiple-trauma-and-emergency-room-management
#14
Michael Frink, Philipp Lechler, Florian Debus, Steffen Ruchholtz
BACKGROUND: The care of severely injured patients remains a challenge. Their initial treatment in the emergency room is the essential link between first aid in the field and definitive in-hospital treatment. METHODS: We present important elements of the initial in-hospital care of severely injured patients on the basis of pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed and the current German S3 guideline on the care of severely and multiply traumatized patients, which was last updated in 2016...
July 24, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757854/vocal-cord-dysfunction-ultrasonography-aided-diagnosis-during-routine-airway-examination
#15
Amarjeet Kumar, Chandni Sinha, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Umesh Kumar Bhadani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757830/a-feasibility-study-to-assess-vallecula-and-pyriform-sinus-using-protocol-based-ultrasonic-evaluation-of-floor-of-mouth-and-upper-airway
#16
Kulvinder Singh, Saru Singh, Ruchi Gupta, Chiranjeev Gathwal, Pranav Bansal, Manjeet Singh
PURPOSE: The current study aimed to systematically evaluate the sonoanatomy of floor of the mouth and upper airway using protocol-based ultrasonography (USG); and to assess the feasibility of imaging the valleculae and pyriform fossae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An institutional prospective observational study was planned on fifty volunteers of all ages and both sexes, attending outpatient department for nonairway-related diseases. Protocol for ultrasonographic systemic evaluation was designed before starting the trial...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701601/an-antenatal-diagnosis-congenital-high-airway-obstruction
#17
S Miital, A Mittal, R Singal, S Singal, G Sekhon
Congenital high airway obstruction (CHAOS) is a rare lethal fetal malformation characterised by obstruction to the fetal upper airway, which can be partial or complete. Antenatal diagnosis of CHAOS is important due to recent management options. Diagnosis is made with secondary changes such as hyperechoic enlarged lungs resulting in mediastinal compression, ascites, hydrops, flattened or everted diaphragms and dilated distal airways. We reported a case of CHAOS, antenatally on ultrasonography (USG) at 20 weeks of gestation...
July 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693057/-the-value-of-the-excursion-of-diaphragm-tested-by-ultrosonography-to-predict-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation-in-icu-patients
#18
L X Liu, D Su, Z J Hu
Objective: To evaluate the excursion of the diaphragm and analyze the value in predicting weaning from mechanical ventilation in intensive care unit patients. Methods: The patients with mechanical ventilation (>48 hours) in ICU at Hebei Forth Medical University Hospital from June 2014 to December were classified into a success group or a failure group according to the weaning outcome. T-piece spontaneous breathing (SBT), airway occlusion pressure at 0.1 sec (P(0.1)) and maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), rapid shallow breathing index (RSBI) and P(0...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658880/ultrasonographic-estimation-of-endotracheal-tube-size-in-paediatric-patients-and-its-comparison-with-physical-indices-based-formulae-a-prospective-study
#19
Jagadish G Sutagatti, Ranjana Raja, Madhuri S Kurdi
INTRODUCTION: Choosing the correct Endotracheal Tube (ETT) size is important in paediatric anaesthesia. The subglottic diameter being the narrowest diameter of the paediatric upper airway plays an important role in appropriate ETT size selection. AIM: This study was planned to determine the accuracy of Ultrasonography (USG) to assess the appropriate ETT size and compare it with physical indices based formulae. The secondary outcome was to assess the number of times the tube was changed based on air leak test for USG estimated tube size...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655954/end-tidal-capnography-and-upper-airway-ultrasonography-in-the-rapid-confirmation-of-endotracheal-tube-placement-in-patients-requiring-intubation-for-general-anaesthesia
#20
Chintamani Abhishek, Kartik Munta, S Manimala Rao, C N Chandrasekhar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Confirmation of correct endotracheal tube placement is essential immediately after intubation for general anaesthesia. In this study, we have compared upper airway ultrasonography (USG) with reference to capnography for rapid confirmation of endotracheal tube placement after general anaesthesia. METHODS: A prospective, single centre, observational study was conducted on 100 patients requiring tracheal intubation for general anaesthesia. Both capnography and upper airway USG were performed immediately after intubation to confirm the endotracheal tube (ETT) placement...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
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