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Airway ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215134/drainage-of-pleural-effusion-improves-diaphragmatic-function-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#1
Michele Umbrello, Giovanni Mistraletti, Andrea Galimberti, Ilaria R Piva, Ottavia Cozzi, Paolo Formenti
BACKGROUND: Pleural effusion adversely affects the pressuregenerating capacity of the diaphragm. It uncouples the lung and chest wall, which may result in diaphragmatic dysfunction. Information on the effects of effusion drainage on diaphragmatic function is limited, but several studies report relief of dyspnoea after drainage, which was attributed to improved diaphragmatic mechanics, even if this issue was never formally addressed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of drainage of unilateral pleural effusion on diaphragmatic function...
March 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141659/altered-plasma-fibrin-clot-properties-in-hypertensive-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-are-improved-by-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment
#2
Katarzyna Jóźwik-Plebanek, Aleksander Prejbisz, Ewa Wypasek, Barbara Pręgowska-Chwała, Katarzyna Hanus, Anna M Kaszuba, Magdalena Januszewicz, Przemysław Bieleń, Marek Kabat, Mariusz Kruk, Piotr Dobrowolski, Anna Klisiewicz, Paweł Śliwiński, Andrzej Januszewicz, Anetta Undas
AIM: We investigated plasma fibrin clot properties in high-risk hypertensive patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and assessed the impact of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on clot phenotype. METHODS: We studied 50 hypertensive patients with clinically significant OSA (age 50.0 ± 8.8 years, 39 M, 11 F). In total, 38 hypertensive patients without OSA balanced for age, sex, blood pressure, cardiovascular risk factors, and metabolic status served as controls...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058141/ultrasonographic-measurement-of-subglottic-diameter-for-paediatric-cuffed-endotracheal-tube-size-selection-feasibility-report
#3
Demet Altun, Mukadder Orhan Sungur, Achmet Ali, Emre Sertaç Bingül, Tülay Özkan Seyhan, Emre Çamcı
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this feasibility study was to investigate the first attempt success of ultrasonography (USG) in paediatric patients in predicting an appropriate cuffed endotracheal tube (ETT) size. METHODS: Fifty children who were 1-10 years of age and who received general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation for adenoidectomy or adenotonsillectomy were enrolled in the study. In all participants, the transverse diameter of the subglottic airway was measured with USG at the cricoid level without ventilation...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942053/ultrasonography-a-viable-tool-for-airway-assessment
#4
Preethi B Reddy, Pankaj Punetha, Kolli S Chalam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Accurate prediction of the Cormack-Lehane (CL) grade preoperatively can help in better airway management of the patient during induction of anaesthesia. Our aim was to determine the utility of ultrasonography in predicting CL grade. METHODS: We studied 100 patients undergoing general endotracheal anaesthesia. Mallampati (MP) class, thyromental distance (TMD) and sternomental distance (SMD) were noted. Ultrasound measurements of the anterior neck soft tissue thickness at the level of the hyoid (ANS-Hyoid), anterior neck soft tissue thickness at the level of the vocal cords (ANS-VC) and ratio of the depth of the pre-epiglottic space (Pre-E) to the distance from the epiglottis to the mid-point of the distance between the vocal cords (E-VC) were obtained...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916244/first-evaluation-of-the-new-thin-convex-probe-endobronchial-ultrasound-scope-a-human-ex%C3%A2-vivo-lung-study
#5
Priya Patel, Hironobu Wada, Hsin-Pei Hu, Kentaro Hirohashi, Tatsuya Kato, Hideki Ujiie, Jin Young Ahn, Daiyoon Lee, William Geddie, Kazuhiro Yasufuku
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS)-guided transbronchial needle aspiration allows for sampling of mediastinal lymph nodes. The external diameter, rigidity, and angulation of the convex probe EBUS renders limited accessibility. This study compares the accessibility and transbronchial needle aspiration capability of the prototype thin convex probe EBUS against the convex probe EBUS in human ex vivo lungs rejected for transplant. METHODS: The prototype thin convex probe EBUS (BF-Y0055; Olympus, Tokyo, Japan) with a thinner tip (5...
December 1, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913050/congenital-high-airway-obstruction-syndrome-chaos-a-perinatal-autopsy-case-report
#6
Manasi Gosavi, Lalit Kumar, Ashwini Ratnakar, Hema Bannur
INTRODUCTION: Congenital High Airway Obstruction Syndrome (CHAOS) is a rare anomaly where a partial or complete obstruction of upper airway is seen. As a consequence, the foetus develops enlarged lungs, inverted or flattened diaphragm and ascites. The pathological findings in a case of CHAOS is presented. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old primigravida presented with a history of 5 months of amenorrhoea. Ultrasonography revealed enlarged echogenic lungs, cardiac mid-position, inverted diaphragm, foetal ascites and talipes of left foot...
October 26, 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887758/blind-nasal-intubation-revisited-no-longer-a-blind-technique
#7
Prakash K Dubey, Preksha Dubey, Niranjan Kumar, Gautam Bhardwaj, Neeraj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Advancements in airway management have made the practice of blind nasal intubation obsolete. We report on successful blind nasal intubation performed with the help of capnography and real-time ultrasonography in two patients with tempormandibular joint ankylosis. CASE REPORT: Blind nasal intubation was performed in a 12-year-old patient and a 17-year old patient under general anesthesia with spontaneous respiration. Capnography was used as an aid during insertion and dynamic ultrasonography was performed to guide and confirm proper tracheal tube placement...
February 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878445/can-non-invasive-ventilation-modify-central-venous-pressure-comparison-between-invasive-measurement-and-ultrasonographic-evaluation
#8
Maurizio Zanobetti, Alessio Prota, Alessandro Coppa, Laura Giordano, Sofia Bigiarini, Peiman Nazerian, Francesca Innocenti, Alberto Conti, Federica Trausi, Simone Vanni, Giuseppe Pepe, Riccardo Pini
Central venous pressure (CVP) is primarily measured to assess intravascular volume status and heart preload. In clinical practice, the measuring device most commonly used in emergency departments and intensive care units, is an electronic transducer that interconnects a central venous catheter (CVC) with a monitoring system. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) consists in a breathing support that supplies a positive pressure in airways through a mask or a cask though not using an endotracheal prosthesis. In emergency settings, non-invasive ultrasonography evaluation of CVP, and hence of intravascular volume status entail the measurement by a subxiphoid approach of inferior vena cava diameter and its variations in relation to respiratory activity...
November 22, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770196/is-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformation-really-a-rare-disease-result-of-a-prospective-registry-with-universal-antenatal-screening-program
#9
C T Lau, A Kan, N Shek, P Tam, K K Y Wong
BACKGROUND: Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) is an increasingly recognized disease with potential mortality. Owing to limited published studies, the true incidence is yet to be determined. We carried out this prospective study with the aim to estimate its true incidence on a population basis. METHODS: An antenatal ultrasonography program was implemented since 2009. Fetuses with suspected intra-thoracic lesions were monitored by regular follow-ups...
October 21, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625474/intraoperative-lung-ultrasound-a-clinicodynamic-perspective
#10
REVIEW
Amit Kumar Mittal, Namrata Gupta
In the era of evidence-based medicine, ultrasonography has emerged as an important and indispensable tool in clinical practice in various specialties including critical care. Lung ultrasound (LUS) has a wide potential in various surgical and clinical situations for timely and easy detection of an impending crisis such as pulmonary edema, endobronchial tube migration, pneumothorax, atelectasis, pleural effusion, and various other causes of desaturation before it clinically ensues to critical level. Although ultrasonography is frequently used in nerve blocks, airway handling, and vascular access, LUS for routine intraoperative monitoring and in crisis management still necessitates recognition...
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579201/prenatal-diagnosis-of-isolated-agnathia-otocephaly-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Kazuhiro Kajiwara, Tomohiro Tanemoto, Chie Nagata, Aikou Okamoto
Agnathia is a rare disease characterized by the absence of a mandible. Few cases of prenatally diagnosed isolated agnathia have been reported. We present a case report and review of the literature of prenatally diagnosed agnathia. A 38-year-old woman (gravida 0, para 0) was referred to our hospital at 28 weeks and 3 days of gestation for fetal evaluation because of polyhydramnios and suspected facial anomalies. Three-dimensional ultrasonography and MRI indicated agnathia. Premature rupture of the membranes occurred before the parents could reach a decision on the postnatal treatment...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432055/ultrasonographic-identification-of-the-cricothyroid-membrane-best-evidence-techniques-and-clinical-impact
#12
M S Kristensen, W H Teoh, S S Rudolph
Inability to identify the cricothyroid membrane by inspection and palpation contributes substantially to the high failure rate of cricothyrotomy. This narrative review summarizes the current evidence for application of airway ultrasonography for identification of the cricothyroid membrane compared with the clinical techniques. We identified the best-documented techniques for bedside use, their success rates, and the necessary training for airway-ultrasound-naïve clinicians. After a short but structured training, the cricothyroid membrane can be identified using ultrasound in difficult patients by previously airway-ultrasound naïve anaesthetists with double the success rate of palpation...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27258179/otocephaly-complex-case-report-literature-review-and-ethical-considerations
#13
REVIEW
Jack Diep, David Kam, Farrah Munir, Steven M Shulman, Glen Atlas
Otocephaly complex is a rare and usually lethal syndrome characterized by a set of malformations consisting of microstomia, mandibular hypoplasia/agnathia, and ventromedial malposition of the ears. Those cases that have been diagnosed prenatally have used an ex utero intrapartum treatment procedure to establish a definitive airway. However, prenatal diagnosis continues to be challenging, primarily because of poor diagnostic sensitivity associated with ultrasonography. We present a case of a newborn with an unanticipated otocephaly complex requiring emergent airway management...
July 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220929/-open-drainage-for-mediastinitis-after-endobronchial-ultrasonography-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration
#14
Nobuhisa Yamazaki, Masakazu Kawabe, Hirokazu Tanaka, Hiroyoshi Watanabe, Masaharu Nakade
A 61-year-old man had been diagnosed as lung cancer (cT4N2M0, stage IIIB) and radiochemotherapy was performed. After the treatment, endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) was done to identify the histrogical type and to detect the oncogenic driver mutation. After EBUS-TBNA, he developed a high grade fever and the findings of the chest computed tomography (CT) suggested the infection of puncture site in mediastinum. Symptoms disappeared once by oral and intravenous antibiotics, but the infection recurred again...
May 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27210810/-long-term-effects-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-on-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome
#15
Raquel Català, Raimon Ferré, Anna Cabré, Josefa Girona, María Porto, Anna Texidó, Lluís Masana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Our objective was to evaluate subclinical atherosclerosis in OSA patients and the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). PATIENTS AND METHOD: We included 125 patients with suspected OSA. After polysomnography, 107 patients were diagnosed with OSA; 58 of these met the criteria for CPAP treatment...
July 1, 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27177417/emergency-department-evaluation-and-management-of-blunt-chest-and-lung-trauma-trauma-cme
#16
REVIEW
Eric J Morley, Scott Johnson, Evan Leibner, Jawad Shahid
The majority of blunt chest injuries are minor contusions or abrasions; however, life-threatening injuries, including tension pneumothorax, hemothorax, and aortic rupture can occur and must be recognized early. This review focuses on the diagnosis, management, and disposition of patients with blunt injuries to the ribs and lung. Utilization of decision rules for chest x-ray and computed tomography are discussed, along with the emerging role of bedside lung ultrasonography. Management controversies presented include the limitations of needle thoracostomy us¬ing standard needle, chest tube placement, and chest tube size...
June 2016: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163597/finding-the-nidus-detection-and-workup-of-non-central-nervous-system-arteriovenous-malformations
#17
Gregor M Dunham, Christopher R Ingraham, Jeffrey H Maki, Sandeep S Vaidya
Vascular anomalies are a diverse group of pathologic conditions. They have different manifestations, natural histories, and treatments. Compared with other vascular malformations, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are considered the most symptomatic and difficult to manage. AVMs inherently progress and have a high rate of recurrence after treatment. Imaging helps provide an accurate and early diagnosis, which can then be used to direct appropriate management, with embolization evolving as the primary therapy...
May 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156094/ultrasonography-in-the-preoperative-difficult-airway-assessment
#18
REVIEW
Justin S Fulkerson, Heather M Moore, Tristan S Anderson, Robert F Lowe
To evaluate the utility of ultrasound for detection of the difficult intubation in a preoperative setting. PubMed, Ovid, CINAHL Plus Full Text, and Google Scholar searches using ["difficult airway" OR "difficult intubation" OR "difficult laryngoscopy" OR "difficult ventilation"] AND [ultrasonography OR sonography OR ultrasound] without date limitations. Abstracts without publications, case reports, letters, textbooks, unrelated topics, or foreign language articles were excluded. Ancestry references were included from the reviewed articles...
May 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109459/manual-vs-pressure-controlled-facemask-ventilation-for-anaesthetic-induction-in-paralysed-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
J H Park, J Y Kim, J M Lee, Y H Kim, H W Jeong, H K Kil
BACKGROUND: During anaesthetic induction with a facemask, the inconsistent inspiratory flow with manual ventilation (MV) raises the peak airway pressure (PAP), which can be significantly higher than PAP during pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV). In this study, PAP was compared between MV and PCV at the same tidal volume of 8-10 ml/kg during facemask ventilation for anaesthetic induction in children. The occurrence of gastric insufflation (GI) was evaluated with ultrasonography and stethoscopic auscultation...
September 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26958691/the-value-of-the-oxygenation-index-in-the-prediction-of-postnatal-outcome-in-neonates-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-preliminary-report
#20
Ewa Basiewicz-Slaczka, Bogumiła Wołoszczuk-Gebicka, Sadeq Yaqoub, Andrzej Kamiński
UNLABELLED: The predicitive values of fetal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging are well established as antenatal outcome predictors in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CHD). Postnatal outcome predictors remain elusive. THE AIM: To evaluate the value of the oxygenation index (OI) as a predictor of postnatal survival. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 58 newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, treated in the same centre (a university hospital) between February 2006 and March 2014 were involved in the retrospective study...
July 2015: Developmental Period Medicine
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