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Liver, Renal & Pancreas transplantation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726195/the-use-of-robotic-surgery-in-abdominal-organ-transplantation-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Giovanni B Levi Sandri, Edoardo de Werra, Gianluca Mascianà, Francesco Guerra, Gabriele Spoletini, Quirino Lai
Minimally invasive surgical approaches in transplantation are gaining increasing interest, and many centers are reporting their, mainly laparoscopic, experiences. Robotic surgery (RS) has some hypothetical advantages over traditional laparoscopy and has been successfully applied, although infrequently to organ transplantation. Our goal was to review and critique the publications reporting RS use in organ transplantation. Most of the RS experience has been with living renal donor organ procurement and, to a lesser extent, with RS procedures in the transplant recipient...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569973/comparison-of-the-ovary-and-kidney-as-sites-for-islet-transplantation-in-diabetic-rats
#2
M Karakose, F A Pinarli, M S Arslan, G Boyuk, B Boztok, A Albayrak, A T Ulus, E Cakal, T Delibasi
BACKGROUND: Currently, the most commonly used site for clinical islet transplantation is the liver although it is far from being an ideal site. Low oxygen tension and the induction of an inflammatory response impair islet implantation and lead to significant early loss of islet. The present study aimed to investigate and compare the efficacy of islet transplantation to the ovary and kidney subcapsule in diabetic rats. METHODS: The study was performed with 3 groups of rats (control, ovary, and kidney subcapsule) including 6 Sprague female rats each...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380753/clinical-applications-of-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound
#3
REVIEW
W H She, T T Cheung, C R Jenkins, M G Irwin
Ultrasound has been developed for therapeutic use in addition to its diagnostic ability. The use of focused ultrasound energy can offer a non-invasive method for tissue ablation, and can therefore be used to treat various solid tumours. High-intensity focused ultrasound is being increasingly used in the treatment of both primary and metastatic tumours as these can be precisely located for ablation. It has been shown to be particularly useful in the treatment of uterine fibroids, and various solid tumours including those of the pancreas and liver...
August 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27203584/paid-living-donation-and-growth-of-deceased-donor-programs
#4
Nasrollah Ghahramani
Limited organ availability in all countries has stimulated discussion about incentives to increase donation. Since 1988, Iran has operated the only government-sponsored paid living donor (LD) kidney transplant program. This article reviews aspects of the Living Unrelated Donor program and development of deceased donation in Iran. Available evidence indicates that in the partially regulated Iranian Model, the direct negotiation between donors and recipients fosters direct monetary relationship with no safeguards against mutual exploitation...
June 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27067875/epico-3-0-antifungal-prophylaxis-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#5
Rafael Zaragoza, José María Aguado, Ricard Ferrer, Alejandro H Rodríguez, Emilio Maseda, Pedro Llinares, Santiago Grau, Patricia Muñoz, Jesús Fortún, Mercedes Bouzada, Juan Carlos Del Pozo, Rafael León
BACKGROUND: Although over the past decade the management of invasive fungal infection has improved, considerable controversy persists regarding antifungal prophylaxis in solid organ transplant recipients. AIMS: To identify the key clinical knowledge and make by consensus the high level recommendations required for antifungal prophylaxis in solid organ transplant recipients. METHODS: Spanish prospective questionnaire, which measures consensus through the Delphi technique, was conducted anonymously and by e-mail with 30 national multidisciplinary experts, specialists in invasive fungal infections from six national scientific societies, including intensivists, anesthetists, microbiologists, pharmacologists and specialists in infectious diseases that responded to 12 questions prepared by the coordination group, after an exhaustive review of the literature in the last few years...
April 8, 2016: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26823089/sleeve-gastrectomy-surgery-in-obese-patients-post-organ-transplantation
#6
Enrique F Elli, Raquel Gonzalez-Heredia, Lisa Sanchez-Johnsen, Neil Patel, Raquel Garcia-Roca, Jose Oberholzer
BACKGROUND: Among organ transplant recipients, a common side effect of immunosuppressive therapy is the development of obesity, which affects a third of the patients within 3 years after transplantation. Bariatric surgery represents a possible surgical option for weight loss among posttransplant patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine percent excess weight loss (%EWL), and percent weight loss (%WL) and perioperative and postoperative complications in posttransplant obese patients after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) compared with nontransplant patients...
March 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26784269/en-bloc-multiorgan-transplant-liver-pancreas-and-kidney-for-acute-liver-and-renal-failure-in-a-patient-with-wolcott-rallison-syndrome
#7
LETTER
Erilia Rivera, Sameer Gupta, Blanche Chavers, Laura Quinones, Megan Rooney Berger, Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, Timothy Pruett, Priya Verghese, Srinath Chinnakotla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26759930/practical-applications-in-immunohistochemistry-evaluation-of-rejection-and-infection-in-organ-transplantation
#8
Megan L Troxell, Christian Lanciault
CONTEXT: -Immunohistochemical analysis of tissue biopsy specimens is a crucial tool in diagnosis of both rejection and infection in patients with solid organ transplants. In the past 15 years, the concept of antibody-mediated rejection has been refined, and diagnostic criteria have been codified in renal, heart, pancreas, and lung allografts (with studies ongoing in liver, small intestine, and composite grafts), all of which include immunoanalysis for the complement split product C4d...
September 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26722644/preservation-solutions-used-during-abdominal-transplantation-current-status-and-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Nicholas Latchana, Joshua R Peck, Bryan A Whitson, Mitchell L Henry, Elmahdi A Elkhammas, Sylvester M Black
Organ preservation remains an important contributing factor to graft and patient outcomes. During donor organ procurement and transportation, cellular injury is mitigated through the use of preservation solutions in conjunction with hypothermia. Various preservation solutions and protocols exist with widespread variability among transplant centers. In this review of abdominal organ preservation solutions, evolution of transplantation and graft preservation are discussed followed by classification of preservation solutions according to the composition of electrolytes, impermeants, buffers, antioxidants, and energy precursors...
December 24, 2015: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26555949/calcineurin-inhibitors-downregulate-hnf-1%C3%AE-and-may-affect-the-outcome-of-hnf1b-patients-after-renal-transplantation
#10
Stanislas Faguer, Laure Esposito, Audrey Casemayou, Yves Pirson, Stéphane Decramer, Claire Cartery, Marc Hazzan, Valérie Garrigue, Gwenaelle Roussey, Olivier Cointault, Thien Ho, Pierre Merville, Olivier Devuyst, Pierre Gourdy, Nicolas Chassaing, Jean-Loup Bascands, Nassim Kamar, Joost-Peter Schanstra, Lionel Rostaing, Dominique Chauveau
BACKGROUND: Patients with HNF1B mutations develop progressive chronic renal failure, diabetes mellitus (40-50%), and liver tests abnormalities (40-70%). In HNF1B patients who reach end-stage renal disease, single kidney transplantation (SKT) or combined kidney-pancreas transplantation can be considered. METHODS: A retrospective multicenter study including 18 HNF1B patients receiving SKT or kidney-pancreas transplantation, and in vitro experiments including the characterization of the HNF1B expression after calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) exposure...
September 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26520471/outcomes-of-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-previous-solid-organ-transplantation-kidney-liver-and-pancreas
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Patrick R Vargo, Nicholas K Schiltz, Douglas R Johnston, Nicholas G Smedira, Nader Moazami, Eugene H Blackstone, Edward G Soltesz
A growing number of solid organ transplant survivors require surgery for cardiac disease. We examined the effect of having a previous transplant on outcomes after cardiac surgery in these patients from a population-based perspective. Of 1,709,735 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting, valve, or thoracic aorta surgery from 2004 to 2008 in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 3,535 patients (0.21%) had a previous organ transplant (2,712 kidney, 738 liver, 300 pancreas). Multivariate logistic regression analysis and propensity score matching were used to determine the effect of a previous solid organ transplant on outcomes...
December 15, 2015: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25724255/successful-term-pregnancy-in-an-intestine-pancreas-transplant-recipient-with-chronic-graft-dysfunction-and-parenteral-nutrition-dependence-a-case-report
#12
E A Marcus, L J Wozniak, R S Venick, S M Ponthieux, E Y Cheng, D G Farmer
Pregnancy after solid organ transplantation is becoming more common, with the largest recorded numbers in renal and liver transplant recipients. Intestinal transplantation is relatively new compared to other solid organs, and reports of successful pregnancy are far less frequent. All pregnancies reported to date in intestinal transplant recipients have been in women with stable graft function. The case reported here involves the first reported successful term pregnancy in an intestine-pancreas transplant recipient with chronic graft dysfunction and dependence on both transplant immunosuppression and parenteral nutrition (PN) at the time of conception...
April 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25646529/the-lymph-node-as-a-new-site-for-kidney-organogenesis
#13
Maria Giovanna Francipane, Eric Lagasse
The shortage of organs for kidney transplantation has created the need to develop new strategies to restore renal structure and function. Given our recent finding that the lymph node (LN) can serve as an in vivo factory to generate or sustain complex structures like liver, pancreas, and thymus, we investigated whether it could also support kidney organogenesis from mouse renal embryonic tissue (metanephroi). Here we provide the first evidence that metanephroi acquired a mature phenotype upon injection into LN, and host cells likely contributed to this process...
March 2015: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25457347/simultaneous-pancreas-and-kidney-transplantation-for-liver-transplant-recipients-with-diabetes-and-uremia
#14
Ngalei Tam, Chuanzhao Zhang, Jianwei Lin, Chenglin Wu, Ronghai Deng, Bing Liao, Shuiqing Hu, Dongping Wang, Xiaofeng Zhu, Linwei Wu, Xiaoshun He
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a critical problem due to immunosuppressant related nephrotoxicity in liver transplant (LTx) recipients, especially in patients with pre-transplant risk factors. LTx recipients with uraemia and diabetes have poor prognosis even when treated with dialysis and insulin. Simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK) has been proven to be an effective treatment for patients with diabetic uraemia, but rarely performed in patients after LTx...
June 2015: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25373363/acute-graft-versus-host-disease-following-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation-report-of-a-case
#15
REVIEW
Sadaki Asari, Ippei Matsumoto, Hirochika Toyama, Makoto Shinzeki, Tadahiro Goto, Masaki Tanaka, Sachiyo Shirakawa, Hironori Yamashita, Tetsuo Ajiki, Takumi Fukumoto, Yonson Ku
Acute graft-versus-host-disease (aGVHD) is a rare complication in the setting of pancreas-kidney transplantation (PKT). We herein describe the case of a 37-year-old male with severe type 1 diabetes with chronic renal failure who received simultaneous PKT from a female donor. Diarrhea developed on postoperative day (POD) 10. Subsequently, fever and liver dysfunction occurred on POD 32. Skin rashes appeared with pain and itching on his trunk and extremities on POD 40. As pancytopenia occurred on POD 63, bone marrow biopsies demonstrated profound hypoplastic marrow...
December 2015: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25219902/graft-versus-host-disease-after-simultaneous-pancreas-kidney-transplantation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
A P Rossi, B A Bone, A R Edwards, M K Parker, R B Delos Santos, J Hagopian, C Lockwood, A Musiek, C L Klein, D C Brennan
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after solid organ transplantation is rare and usually fatal. We present, to our knowledge, the second successfully treated case in a simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplant recipient. A 29-year-old female with end-stage renal disease from type 1 diabetes mellitus received an SPK transplant from a male donor, with rabbit-antithymocyte globulin induction. Twelve days posttransplant, she was readmitted with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. She developed leukopenia, abnormal liver enzymes, fever and a skin rash...
November 2014: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25095506/transplantation-in-turkey
#17
Mehmet Haberal
The cornerstone events of transplantation history in Turkey are summarized herein. In 1975, we performed the first living-related renal transplant in Turkey. We followed this in 1978 with the first deceased donor kidney transplantation, using an organ supplied by Eurotransplant. In 1979, the law on harvesting, storage, grafting, and transplantation of organs and tissues was enacted; later that year, the first local deceased donor kidney transplantation was performed by our team. In 1988, another groundbreaking event in Turkey was successfully achieved: the first cadaveric liver transplantation...
2013: Clinical Transplants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24912437/fanconi-bickel-syndrome-mutation-in-slc2a2-gene
#18
Mohit Kehar, Sunita Bijarnia, Sian Ellard, Jayne Houghton, Renu Saxena, I C Verma, Nishant Wadhwa
Fanconi-Bickel Syndrome (FBS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of carbohydrate metabolism. The defect in the GLUT 2 receptors in the hepatocytes, pancreas and renal tubules leads to symptoms secondary to glycogen storage, glucose metabolism and renal tubular dysfunction. Derangement in glucose metabolism is classical with fasting hypoglycemia and post-prandial hyperglycemia. The authors report a 4-year-old boy who presented with failure to thrive, motor delay, protuberant abdomen and was noted to have huge hepatomegaly with glycogen deposition in liver, and renal tubular acidosis...
November 2014: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24825520/donation-after-circulatory-determination-of-death-the-university-of-michigan-experience-with-extracorporeal-support
#19
Alvaro Rojas-Peña, Lauren E Sall, Mark T Gravel, Elaine G Cooley, Shawn J Pelletier, Robert H Bartlett, Jeffrey D Punch
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal support (ECS) during organ procurement from donors after circulatory determination of death (DCDD) could increase the number of donor organs and decrease posttransplant complications. This study reports the experience of a large transplant center with controlled DCDD. METHODS: A retrospective review of all potential controlled-DCDD cases between October 1, 2000 and July 31, 2013 was performed. We focused on methods, ethical and practical issues, and recipient outcome data of organs procured and transplanted in our institution using ECS-assisted DCDD (E-DCDD)...
August 15, 2014: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24616200/pancreas-transplantation-solid-organ-and-islet
#20
REVIEW
Shruti Mittal, Paul Johnson, Peter Friend
Transplantation of the pancreas, either as a solid organ or as isolated islets of Langerhans, is indicated in a small proportion of patients with insulin-dependent diabetes in whom severe complications develop, particularly severe glycemic instability and progressive secondary complications (usually renal failure). The potential to reverse diabetes has to be balanced against the morbidity of long-term immunosuppression. For a patient with renal failure, the treatment of choice is often a simultaneous transplant of the pancreas and kidney (SPK), whereas for a patient with glycemic instability, specifically hypoglycemic unawareness, the choice between a solid organ and an islet transplant has to be individual to the patient...
April 2014: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
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