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Childhood overweight

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244802/elevations-of-inflammatory-proteins-in-neonatal-blood-are-associated-with-obesity-and-overweight-among-2-year-old-children-born-extremely-premature
#1
Eliana M Perrin, T Michael O'Shea, Asheley Cockrell Skinner, Carl Bose, Elizabeth N Allred, Raina N Fichorova, Jelske W van der Burg, Alan Leviton
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is associated with elevated blood concentrations of inflammation markers. It is not known to what extent inflammation precedes the development of obesity. METHODS: In a cohort of 882 infants born before 28 weeks of gestation, we examined relationships between concentrations of 25 inflammation-related proteins in blood obtained during the first two postnatal weeks and body mass index at 2 years of age. RESULTS: Among children delivered for spontaneous indications (n=734), obesity was associated with elevated concentrations of four proteins (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-R1, and MCP-1) on the first postnatal day; one protein (IL-6) on postnatal day 7; and two proteins (ICAM-3 and VEGF-R1) on postnatal day 14...
December 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241620/trends-in-and-projections-of-indicators-of-universal-health-coverage-in-bangladesh-1995-2030-a-bayesian-analysis-of-population-based-household-data
#2
Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Mizanur Rahman, Stuart Gilmour, Khin Thet Swe, Sarah Krull Abe, Kenji Shibuya
BACKGROUND: Many countries are implementing health system reforms to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030. To understand the progress towards UHC in Bangladesh, we estimated trends in indicators of the health service and of financial risk protection. We also estimated the probability of Bangladesh's achieving of UHC targets of 80% essential health-service coverage and 100% financial risk protection by 2030. METHODS: We estimated the coverage of UHC indicators-13 prevention indicators and four treatment indicators-from 19 nationally representative population-based household surveys done in Bangladesh from Jan 1, 1991, to Dec 31, 2014...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240959/evaluation-of-left-ventricular-function-in-overweight-children-and-teenagers-with-arterial-hypertension-and-white-coat-hypertension
#3
Tomasz Florianczyk, Malgorzata Golabek-Dylewska, Beata Kucinska, Bozena Werner
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood is strongly associated with elevated arterial blood pressure and risk of hypertension. The aim of the study was the evaluation of left ventricular function in hypertensive and white coat hypertensive overweight children and teenagers. METHODS: The study group consisted of 74 overweight patients aged 10.3 ± 3.1 years (range: 6-16 years) diagnosed as hypertensive in standard blood pressure measurement. The control group consisted of 31 normotensive and normoweight children...
December 14, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239467/the-impact-of-anemia-and-body-mass-index-bmi-on-neuromotor-development-of-preschool-children
#4
Selen Ozakar Akca, Mehmet Ömer Bostanci
OBJECTIVE: According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), anemia is a prevalent health problem that leads to increased morbidity and mortality, especially in preschool children. Anemia is recognized as a major health problem due to its negative effects on the mental and physical development during childhood. The aim of our study was to determine the levels of anemia of children in a kindergarten affiliated to the Directorate of National Education using a non-invasive method, and to investigate the effects of anemia on the physical, mental and neuromotor development of children...
September 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238123/epidemiology-triggers-and-severity-of-childhood-asthma-in-ilesa-nigeria-implications-for-management-and-control
#5
Bankole Peter Kuti, Kehinde Oluyori Omole
Background: Knowledge about childhood asthma in a locality will assist clinicians to adequately manage the condition. This study set out to report the epidemiology, triggers of exacerbation, comorbid conditions, and severity of childhood asthma at a tertiary health facility in Nigeria and the implication of these, in management and symptoms control. Methods: Over a 15-month study period, children (aged <15 years) with physician-diagnosed asthma were consecutively recruited at the pediatric chest clinic of the hospital...
January 2017: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234414/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-lifestyle-modification-on-metabolic-control-in-overweight-children
#6
REVIEW
Angela Shin-Yu Lien, Jia-Ling Tsai, Jian-Tao Lee, Mei-Yao Wu, Yi-Der Jiang, Hung-Rong Yen
Childhood obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We aimed to determine the effects of lifestyle modification programs on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels in overweight children. We queried six relevant electronic databases and manually searched for studies published before December 2016. Overweight/obese children who underwent a lifestyle modification for more than 6 months were included. A total of 3923 children from eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Compared with the control group, the lifestyle modification group had significantly lower FPG levels by 1...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232526/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-in-child-health-services-follow-up-of-the-primrose-trial
#7
Johanna Enö Persson, Benjamin Bohman, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen, Ata Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an urgent public health concern, and there's a need for long-term, high-quality, primary prevention trials targeting parents of young children. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the long-term effect of a parental support program based on motivational interviewing (MI). METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried out in eight Swedish counties. Participating families (N = 1355) were enrolled when the child was 9 months old, and participated in nine sessions during ∼39 months...
December 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229232/dyslipidemia-in-children-with-arterial-ischemic-stroke-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#8
Sally Sultan, Michael Dowling, Adam Kirton, Gabrielle DeVeber, Alexandra Linds, Mitchell S V Elkind
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for pediatric stroke are poorly understood and require study to improve prevention. Total cholesterol and triglyceride values peak to near-adult levels before puberty, a period of increased stroke incidence. The role of lipids in childhood arterial ischemic stroke has been minimally investigated. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of lipid and Lp(a) concentrations in children with arterial ischemic stroke in the International Pediatric Stroke Study to compare the prevalence of dyslipidemia and high- or low-ranking lipid values in our dataset with reported population values...
October 10, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#9
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225141/effects-of-healthcare-professional-delivered-early-feeding-interventions-on-feeding-practices-and-dietary-intake-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Elaine Toomey, Lisa Delaney, Janas Harrington, Molly Byrne, Patricia M Kearney
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a global public health challenge. Parental feeding practices, such as responsive feeding, are implicated in the etiology of childhood obesity. PURPOSE: This systematic review aimed to examine of effects of healthcare professional-delivered early feeding interventions, on parental feeding practices, dietary intake, and weight outcomes for children up to 2 years. The role of responsive feeding interventions was also specifically examined...
December 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224987/tobacco-smoke-exposure-association-with-lipid-profiles-and-adiposity-among-u-s-adolescents
#11
Ashley L Merianos, Roman A Jandarov, Jane C Khoury, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
PURPOSE: We investigated the association between tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) as measured by serum cotinine and lipoprotein cholesterols and adiposity in adolescents. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of 1999-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data including participants 12-19 years old. We examined TSE: unexposed (<.05 ng/mL), passively exposed (.05-2.99 ng/mL), and actively exposed (≥3 ng/mL); lipid profiles: total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), non-HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides; and adiposity: body mass index z-score (BMIZ), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223472/-excess-weight-and-abdominal-obesity-in-galician-children-and-adolescents
#12
Mónica Pérez-Ríos, María Isolina Santiago-Pérez, Rosaura Leis, Ana Martínez, Alberto Malvar, Xurxo Hervada, Jorge Suanzes
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The excess of weight, mainly obesity, during childhood and adolescence increases morbimortality risk in adulthood. The aim of this article is to estimate both the overall prevalence, as well as according to age and gender, of underweight, overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity among schoolchildren aged between 6-15-years-old in the school year 2013-2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were taken from a cross-sectional community-based study carried out on a representative sample, by gender and age, of the Galician population aged between 6 and 15 years-old...
December 6, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214030/prevalence-and-predictors-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-school-aged-children-in-urban-ghana
#13
Richmond Aryeetey, Anna Lartey, Grace S Marquis, Helena Nti, Esi Colecraft, Patricia Brown
Background: Childhood overnutrition is a serious public health problem, with consequences that extend into adulthood. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of overweight and obesity among school-age children in two urban settings in Ghana. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 3089 children (9-15 years) recruited between December 2009 and February 2012 in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. Socio-demographic, dietary, and physical activity data were collected using pretested questionnaires...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210956/motor-skills-of-obese-and-severely-obese-children-and-adolescents-a-circuit-study
#14
Anna-Luisa Häcker, Jean-Luc Bigras, Mélanie Henderson, Tracie A Barnett, Marie-Eve Mathieu
During childhood, excessive weight is negatively associated with the development of motor skills, with children with overweight or obesity having poorer motor skills compared to children with normal weight. The objectives of the current study are to identify the differences in motor skills between children and adolescent with obesity and severe obesity and the extent of this difference. To do so, we examined cross-sectionally 165 subjects. Physical fitness was analyzed in both participants with obesity (>97-99...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209385/the-role-of-uncontrolled-eating-and-screen-time-in-the-link-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-weight-in-late-childhood
#15
Joung-Sook Ahn, Seongho Min, Min-Hyuk Kim
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the mediating roles of uncontrolled eating and sedentary behaviours in the link of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and weight. Methods: A total of 352 children in fifth and sixth grade participated in the present study by completing the self-rated Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire and Children of Alcoholics Screening Test during regular classes. An additional questionnaire completed by their parents provided information about the children's ADHD and emotional symptoms, sedentary behaviour based on screen time, and parental variables...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209262/body-size-estimation-from-early-to-middle-childhood-stability-of-underestimation-bmi-and-gender-effects
#16
Silje Steinsbekk, Christian A Klöckner, Alison Fildes, Pernille Kristoffersen, Stine L Rognsås, Lars Wichstrøm
Individuals who are overweight are more likely to underestimate their body size than those who are normal weight, and overweight underestimators are less likely to engage in weight loss efforts. Underestimation of body size might represent a barrier to prevention and treatment of overweight; thus insight in how underestimation of body size develops and tracks through the childhood years is needed. The aim of the present study was therefore to examine stability in children's underestimation of body size, exploring predictors of underestimation over time...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207394/cumulative-effect-of-obesogenic-behaviours-on-adiposity-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents
#17
Helmut Schröder, Rowaedh Ahmed Bawaked, Lourdes Ribas-Barba, Maria Izquierdo-Pulido, Blanca Roman-Viñas, Montserrat Fíto, Lluis Serra-Majem
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the cumulative effect of obesogenic behaviours on childhood obesity risk. We determined the cumulative effect on BMI z-score, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), overweight and abdominal obesity of four lifestyle behaviours that have been linked to obesity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, data were obtained from the EnKid sudy, a representative sample of Spanish youth. The study included 1,614 boys and girls aged 5-18 years...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205074/overweight-and-obesity-risk-factors-in-children-aged-3-7-years-a-prospective-study-in-the-city-of-krak%C3%A3-w
#18
Małgorzata Kowal, Stanisław Matusik, Maciej Wojciech Pilecki, Łukasz Kryst, Jan Sobiecki, Agnieszka Woronkowicz
BACKGROUND: Early identified factors determining overweight and obesity in childhood may be important for preventive purposes. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the commonly accepted and hypothetical risk factors for overweight/obesity and their mutual relations, using the method of classification trees. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The data were collected during anthropometric surveys carried out in 2010 in Kraków, Poland. The study involved 1042 pre-school children aged 3-7 years...
December 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204459/hypertension-in-low-income-adolescents
#19
D Rose Ewald, Sarah Howle Bond, Lauren A Haldeman
Disadvantaged adolescents are at higher risk for undiagnosed and untreated obesity and hypertension. Using nurse-measured weight, height, and blood pressure (BP) as well as self-reported age and activity/lifestyle behaviors, we assessed the prevalence of obesity and hypertension in 573 adolescent patients aged 13.0 to 17.9 years (females: n = 267, 46.6%; males: n = 306, 53.4%) from a clinic serving low-income, ethnically diverse pediatric patients. Body mass index distribution was as follows: 11, underweight (1...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204421/weight-related-barriers-for-overweight-students-in-an-elementary-physical-education-classroom-an-exploratory-case-study-with-one-physical-education-teacher
#20
Mary Odum, Corliss W Outley, E Lisako J McKyer, Christine A Tisone, Sharon L McWhinney
Introduction: As physical performance may be more difficult for overweight children than for their non-overweight peers, understanding how weight impacts student performance in the physical education (P.E.) classroom could inform school-based obesity prevention programming. Materials and methods: This qualitative case study examined one elementary physical educator's perspectives of overweight students' weight-related experiences in her classroom. Narratives were elicited during an in-depth interview and analyzed using structural and thematic analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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