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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054731/the-impact-of-obesity-and-hypercaloric-diet-consumption-on-anxiety-and-emotional-behavior-across-the-lifespan
#1
REVIEW
Kathryn D Baker, Amy Loughman, Sarah J Spencer, Amy C Reichelt
Obesity is an increasing problem in young people. Childhood obesity and overweight have increased rapidly on a global scale, and have tripled in the past 30 years, to affect approximately one in five children. Diets high in refined fats and sugar are a major contributor to the development of obesity, and the effects of such obesity-inducing hypercaloric diets on brain function may contribute to the high prevalence of anxiety disorders in people with obesity. Anxiety disorders typically emerge in childhood and adolescence, and symptoms often continue into adulthood...
October 17, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054491/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children
#2
Marisete Inês Fraporti, Fernanda Scherer Adami, Michele Dutra Rosolen
INTRODUCTION: Systemic hypertension is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Early diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in childhood can potentially have a significant impact on future adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of diastolic (DBP) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) with anthropometric data and area of residence of children in municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 709 children between six and nine years of age...
October 17, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053732/body-typing-of-children-and-adolescents-using-3d-body-scanning
#3
Henry Loeffler-Wirth, Mandy Vogel, Toralf Kirsten, Fabian Glock, Tanja Poulain, Antje Körner, Markus Loeffler, Wieland Kiess, Hans Binder
Three-dimensional (3D-) body scanning of children and adolescents allows the detailed study of physiological development in terms of anthropometrical alterations which potentially provide early onset markers for obesity. Here, we present a systematic analysis of body scanning data of 2,700 urban children and adolescents in the age range between 5 and 18 years with the special aim to stratify the participants into distinct body shape types and to describe their change upon development. In a first step, we extracted a set of eight representative meta-measures from the data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052309/rapid-weight-gain-during-infancy-and-subsequent-adiposity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-evidence
#4
REVIEW
M Zheng, K E Lamb, C Grimes, R Laws, K Bolton, K K Ong, K Campbell
The contribution of rapid weight gain (RWG) during infancy to later adiposity has received considerable investigation. The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to update the literature on association between RWG and subsequent adiposity outcomes. Electronic searches were undertaken in EMBASE, MEDLINE, psycINFO, PubMed and ScienceDirect. Studies that examined the associations between RWG (a change in weight z-scores > 0.67) during infancy (from birth to age 2 years) and subsequent adiposity outcomes were included...
October 20, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045349/male-specific-association-between-fat-free-mass-index-and-faecal-microbiota-in-2-to-3-year-old-australian-children
#5
Paula Smith-Brown, Mark Morrison, Lutz Krause, Peter S W Davies
OBJECTIVES: Maturation of the gut microbiota has been shown to influence childhood growth while alterations in microbiota composition are proposed to be causally related to the development of overweight and obesity. The objective of this study is to explore the association between microbiota profile, body size and body composition in young children. METHODS: Faecal microbiota was examined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing while body composition was assessed using the deuterium oxide dilution technique in a cohort of 37 well-nourished 2 to 3 year old Australian children...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038389/association-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-with-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-iranian-adolescents-caspian-iii-study
#6
Ramin Tajbakhsh, Ramin Heshmat, Saeid Safiri, Mahya Vafaeenia, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Morteza Mansourian, Shaghayegh Beshtar, Omid Safari, Hamid Asayesh, Hossein Ansari, Mostafa Qorbani, Roya Kelishadi
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the association of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with cardiometabolic risk factors in Iranian adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of the 3rd round of a school-based surveillance system entitled "Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and PreventIon of Adult Non-communicable Disease (CASPIAN III)" study was used for this study. A sample of 367 adolescents aged between 10 and 18 years was randomly selected. Glomerular filtration rate was estimated using the original and the updated Schwartz equations...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032321/acne-in-late-adolescence-is-not-associated-with-a-raised-risk-of-subsequent-malignant-melanoma-among-men
#7
Teresa Mota Garcia, Ayako Hiyoshi, Ruzan Udumyan, Hugo Sjöqvist, Katja Fall, Scott Montgomery
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association of acne in late adolescence with the risk for subsequent malignant melanoma (MM) in men. METHODS: Swedish register-based cohort study of 242,096 males born between 1952 and 1956, who took part in compulsory assessments for Swedish military conscription in late adolescence between 1969 and 1975, with subsequent diagnoses of MM (n=1,058) up to December 31, 2009. Covariates included measures of childhood circumstances and information from adolescence on presence of acne, physical fitness, cognitive function, body mass index (BMI), and a summary of diagnoses...
October 12, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030808/child-overweight-and-obesity-in-shanghai-china-contextualizing-chinese-socioeconomic-and-gender-differences
#8
Melissa L Martinson, Yu-Ling Chang, Wen-Jui Han, Jun Wen
PURPOSE: Childhood overweight and obesity is on the rise in China and in Chinese cities in particular. The aim of this study is to explore the extent of income differences in childhood overweight in Shanghai, China, and examine demographic, social, and behavioral explanations for these differences. METHODS: Using the 2014 Child Well-Being Study of Shanghai, China-a survey that included extensive contextual information on children and their families in China's most populous city, prevalence rates and adjusted odds ratios of child overweight and obesity at age 7 were calculated by income tercile controlling for a wide variety of sociodemographic variables...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029897/worldwide-trends-in-body-mass-index-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-from-1975-to-2016-a-pooled-analysis-of-2416-population-based-measurement-studies-in-128%C3%A2-9-million-children-adolescents-and-adults
#9
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Underweight, overweight, and obesity in childhood and adolescence are associated with adverse health consequences throughout the life-course. Our aim was to estimate worldwide trends in mean body-mass index (BMI) and a comprehensive set of BMI categories that cover underweight to obesity in children and adolescents, and to compare trends with those of adults. METHODS: We pooled 2416 population-based studies with measurements of height and weight on 128·9 million participants aged 5 years and older, including 31·5 million aged 5-19 years...
October 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026735/the-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-obesity-in-korean-children-an-analysis-of-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#10
Hae Jeong Lee, Sung Hoon Kim, Seo Heui Choi, Ju Suk Lee
PURPOSE: Obesity is one of the most common health problems among children and its prevalence has increased in recent decades. Socioeconomic status (SES) is a well-known risk factor for childhood obesity although the associations were different across countries. Previous studies in other countries have reported a positive association between childhood obesity and SES in developing countries, and inverse correlation has been reported in developed countries. For this reason, we wanted to investigate the relationship between SES and obesity in Korean children...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025206/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-onset-craniopharyngioma
#11
So Yoon Jung, Yun Jeong Lee, Hye Jin Lee, Young Ah Lee, Jin Soo Moon, Jae Sung Ko, Sei Won Yang, Choong Ho Shin
PURPOSE: Hypothalamic obesity in childhood-onset (CO-) craniopharyngioma patients may predispose to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study reviewed the characteristics of NAFLD associated with CO-craniopharyngioma. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 75 patients who underwent surgery for craniopharyngioma while younger than 15 years of age between 2000 and 2016. RESULTS: Elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) above 40 IU/L was observed in 51 of the 75 (68%) CO-craniopharyngioma patients...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024558/overweight-obesity-and-adiposity-in-survivors-of-childhood-brain-tumours-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
K-W Wang, A Fleming, D L Johnston, S M Zelcer, S R Rassekh, S Ladhani, A Socha, J Shinuda, S Jaber, S Burrow, S K Singh, L Banfield, R J de Souza, L Thabane, M C Samaan
Survivors of childhood brain tumours (SCBT) have increased cardiometabolic risks, but the determinants of these risks are unclear. This systematic review aims to compare the prevalence of overweight and obesity as well as adiposity measures between SCBT and non-cancer controls. The PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library databases were searched. The primary outcomes were the prevalence of overweight and obesity based on body mass index. The secondary outcomes were adiposity measures including percent fat mass, waist-to-hip and waist-to-height ratios...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023158/healthy-families-a-family-based-community-intervention-to-address-childhood-obesity
#13
Danae Dinkel, Melissa Tibbits, Emily Hanigan, Kelly Nielsen, Leah Jorgensen, Kay Grant
The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Healthy Families, a family-based community intervention, in improving the knowledge, self-efficacy, and health behaviors of overweight/obese children and their families as well as to explore the lessons learned. Results showed families who completed the program had significant improvements for children and parents in areas such as nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy in making healthy eating choices as well as participating in physical activity...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022752/nutritional-characteristics-of-the-diets-of-child-and-adolescent-cancer-survivors
#14
Julia Ferrari Carneiro Teixeira, Priscila Dos Santos Maia-Lemos, Luciana Pellegrini Pisani
PURPOSE: Diseases associated with prior treatment, such as obesity, have been described in cancer survivors. Recent studies have shown that current estimates of overweight do not differ from that in the general population, suggesting the influence of environmental factors, such as dietary intake. In this context, there is increasing interest in the examination of health behaviors that may modify and reduce the risk of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics of dietary intake among child cancer survivors living in a developing country...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020368/social-vulnerabilities-as-determinants-of-overweight-in-2-4-and-6-year-old-spanish-children
#15
Isabel Iguacel, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Idoia Labayen, Luis A Moreno, María Pilar Samper, Gerardo Rodríguez
Background: Differences in obesity prevalence among vulnerable groups exist in childhood but it remains unclear whether these differences may be partly determined by socioeconomic status (SES), parental body mass index (BMI) and early life risk factors. We aimed to explore (i) longitudinal associations between belonging to a minority group and being overweight/obese at age 2, 4 and 6 and (ii) associations between accumulation of social vulnerabilities and being overweight/obese at age 6...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019281/the-chronic-care-model-to-improve-management-of-childhood-obesity
#16
Heide Cygan, Monique Reed, Karen Lui, Mary Mullen
One-third of children in the United States are overweight or obese. Comorbidities continue into adulthood if a healthy weight is not established. While expert guidelines for management of this condition are recognized, provider adherence to guidelines is lacking. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate the effectiveness of the chronic care model (CCM) on improving primary care provider identification, prevention, and management of childhood overweight and obesity. A pre- and postintervention chart audit was completed to evaluate documentation of 20 assessment measures included in expert guidelines...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991423/child-health-in-elementary-school-following-california%C3%A2-s-paid-family-leave-program
#17
Shirlee Lichtman-Sadot, Niryvia Pillay Bell
We evaluate changes in elementary school children health outcomes following the introduction of California’s Paid Family Leave (PFL) program, which provided parents with paid time off following the birth of a child. Our health outcomes--overweight, ADHD, and hearing-related problems--are characterized by diagnosis rates that only pick up during early elementary school. Moreover, our health outcomes have been found to be negatively linked with many potential implications of extended maternity leave--increased breastfeeding, prompt medical checkups at infancy, reduced prenatal stress, and reduced non-parental care during infancy...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988759/predictors-of-obesity-and-overweight-in-preschoolers-the-role-of-parenting-styles-and-feeding-practices
#18
H Melis Yavuz, Bilge Selcuk
Childhood obesity/overweight (OB/OW) displayed a rapid increase and high prevalence in the last few decades in preschool-aged children, which raised health concerns across the world and motivated researchers to investigate the factors that underlie childhood obesity. The current study examined parenting styles and child-feeding practices as potential predictors for OB/OW in preschool children, controlling for child's temperament, which has been shown to be linked with OB/OW. The sample included 61 normal weight (NW) and 61 obese/overweight (OB/OW) Turkish pre-schoolers (M age = 62...
October 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988542/children-s-everyday-exposure-to-food-marketing-an-objective-analysis-using-wearable-cameras
#19
L N Signal, J Stanley, M Smith, M B Barr, T J Chambers, J Zhou, A Duane, C Gurrin, A F Smeaton, C McKerchar, A L Pearson, J Hoek, G L S Jenkin, C Ni Mhurchu
BACKGROUND: Over the past three decades the global prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased by 47%. Marketing of energy-dense nutrient-poor foods and beverages contributes to this worldwide increase. Previous research on food marketing to children largely uses self-report, reporting by parents, or third-party observation of children's environments, with the focus mostly on single settings and/or media. This paper reports on innovative research, Kids'Cam, in which children wore cameras to examine the frequency and nature of everyday exposure to food marketing across multiple media and settings...
October 8, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988164/infant-bmi-peak-as-a-predictor-of-overweight-and-obesity-at-age-2-years-in-a-chinese-community-based-cohort
#20
Jie Sun, Bright I Nwaru, Jing Hua, Xiaohong Li, Zhuochun Wu
OBJECTIVES: Infant body mass index (BMI) peak has proven to be a useful indicator for predicting childhood obesity risk in American and European populations. However, it has not been assessed in China. We characterised infant BMI trajectories in a Chinese longitudinal cohort and evaluated whether BMI peak can predict overweight and obesity at age 2 years. METHODS: Serial measurements (n=6-12) of weight and length were taken from healthy term infants (n=2073) in a birth cohort established in urban Shanghai...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
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