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Childhood overweight

Samantha A Ramsay, Marissa Rudley, Luke E Tonnemaker, William J Price
OBJECTIVES: Fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) is below recommendations and fruit and vegetable liking (FVL) is associated with intake. Greater understanding of college student FVL and FVI is needed; therefore, the study objectives were to compare reported FVL and frequency of FVI in adulthood to recollection of FVL and frequency of fruit and vegetable offering (FVO) in childhood and identify factors related to FVL and FVI in college students. METHODS: A retrospective survey was administered via e-mail to randomly selected college students (18-25 years) from 2 Northwestern universities (n = 676)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
M M Broadney, N Chahal, K A Michels, A C McLain, A Ghassabian, D A Lawrence, E H Yeung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Maternal obesity may influence neonatal and childhood morbidities through increased inflammation and/or altered immune response. Less is known about paternal obesity. We hypothesized that excessive parental weight contributes to elevated inflammation and altered immunoglobulin (Ig) profiles in neonates. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In the Upstate KIDS Study maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) was obtained from vital records and paternal BMI from maternal report...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Luisa N Borrell, Lisa Graham, Sharon P Joseph
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of neighborhood safety and support with overweight and obesity and whether these associations vary with age, sex, and race/ethnicity among children and adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: United States. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Childhood overweight and obesity. METHODS: We used data from the 2011-12 National Survey of Children's Health, a representative sample of US children and adolescents, for the analyses (N=40,730)...
October 20, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
Hanna F Skjåkødegård, Yngvild S Danielsen, Mette Morken, Sara-Rebekka F Linde, Rachel P Kolko, Katherine N Balantekin, Denise E Wilfley, Pétur B Júlíusson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the FABO-study is to evaluate the effect of family-based behavioral social facilitation treatment (FBSFT), designed to target children's family and social support networks to enhance weight loss outcomes, compared to the standard treatment (treatment as usual, TAU) given to children and adolescents with obesity in a routine clinical practice. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial (RCT), in which families (n = 120) are recruited from the children and adolescents (ages 6-18 years) referred to the Obesity Outpatient Clinic (OOC), Haukeland University Hospital, Norway...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
Mohsen Pourghasem, Nematollah Kamali, Mehrdad Farsi, Nabiollah Soltanpour
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the relation between the flat-footedness and obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1158 school children (653 male and 505 female) participated in this cross sectional descriptive study. According to their age, children were divided into three groups for each gender (6-10, 11-13, 14-18 years old). Diagnosis and severity of flatfoot was assessed in using the Dennis method. BMI of children were calculated as body weight divided by height squared (kg*m(-2))...
October 16, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Birgit Babitsch, Raimund Geene, Holger Hassel, Thomas Kliche, Britta Bacchetta, Simon Baltes, Sandra Nold, Daniel Rosenfeldt
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are serious health risks for children and adolescents. Hence, various prevention projects have been initiated and implemented. Until now, a systematic overview of interventions in different settings has been lacking. AIM(S)/RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of the "Prevention of child overweight" project (SkAP-project) is to prepare a systematic overview of the conceptual approaches used in universal prevention of overweight among children and adolescents...
October 18, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Tonje Holte Stea, Tommy Haugen, Sveinung Berntsen, Vigdis Guttormsen, Nina Cecilie Øverby, Kristin Haraldstad, Eivind Meland, Eirik Abildsnes
BACKGROUND: In light of the high prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity, there is a need of developing effective prevention programs to address the rising prevalence and the concomitant health consequences. The main aim of the present study is to systematically develop and implement a tailored family-based intervention for improving lifestyle habits among overweight and obese children, aged 6-10 years old, enhancing parental self-efficacy, family engagement and parent-child interaction...
October 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
Markus Gerber, Katharina Endes, Christian Herrmann, Flora Colledge, Serge Brand, Lars Donath, Oliver Faude, Uwe Pühse, Henner Hanssen, Lukas Zahner
PURPOSE: A better understanding of how social and environmental contexts impact on childhood overweight/obesity is needed to develop more effective prevention strategies. Because the relationship between physical activity, stress and obesity measures has received limited attention, this study examined for the first time in first grade schoolchildren whether physical activity and fitness moderate the relationship between psychosocial stress and obesity-related measures. METHODS: 325 children (51% girls, Mage=7...
October 14, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Li Kheng Chai, Tracy Burrows, Chris May, Katherine Brain, Denise Wong See, Clare Collins
The main objective of this umbrella review is to identify the effectiveness of family-based interventions that target overweight or obesity in children aged 18 years and under. The umbrella review intends to compare and summarize existing systematic reviews of experimental studies that address a range of family-based interventions for overweight children. Family-based is defined as the involvement of first- or second-degree relatives or carers who are cohabiting under one roof. The second objective of this umbrella review is to identify strategies that are effective in improving children's body weight or body mass index (primary outcomes) and, where applicable, changes in child/family behavior, including dietary intake or physical activity...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Hui Fan, Yingkun Yan, HongBo Dong, Jie Mi
OBJECTIVE: It was recommended that the diagnosis of hypertension among children should be established on at least three separate occasions. However, the national prevalence of hypertension after three separate occasions was scant in China. The goal of our study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension on up to three separate visits in a Chinese pediatric population, and examined the association between hypertension and weight status. DESIGN AND METHOD: Data were obtained from a national representative sample of 43304 children aged 6-17 years...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
B Patro-Gołąb, B M Zalewski, M Kołodziej, S Kouwenhoven, L Poston, K M Godfrey, B Koletzko, J B van Goudoever, H Szajewska
This study, performed as part of the international EarlyNutrition research project (, provides a systematic review of systematic reviews on the effects of nutritional interventions or exposures in children (up to 3 years of age) on the subsequent risk of obesity, overweight and adiposity. Electronic databases (including MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library) were searched up until September 2015. Forty systematic reviews were included. A consistent association of breastfeeding with a modest reduction in the risk of later overweight and obesity in childhood and adulthood was found (the odds decreased by 13% based on high-quality studies), but residual confounding cannot be excluded...
October 17, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Mads V Lind, Anni Larnkjær, Christian Mølgaard, Kim F Michaelsen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is an increasing problem and high-protein intake early in life seems to increase later risk of obesity. This review summarizes recent publications in the area including observational and intervention studies and publications on underlying mechanisms. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent observational and randomized controlled trials confirmed that high-protein intake in early life seems to increase early weight gain and the risk of later overweight and obesity...
October 1, 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Victor Grech, Samuel Aquilina, Erin Camilleri, Karl Camilleri, Maria-Louisa Busuttil, Victoria Farrugia Sant'Angelo, Neville Calleja
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a chronic disease that often commences in childhood. Over quarter of Maltese children are overweight or obese. This study was carried out in order to measure height and weight (and Body Mass Index) for all school children in Malta in order to precisely quantify the extent of the problem. METHODS: Schooling in Malta is provided by: A. Free State schools, B. Subsidised Roman-Catholic Church-run schools and C. Independent Private schools. All were included...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Franca Rusconi, Maja Popovic
Obesity represents one of the major public health problems worldwide, with an increased prevalence also among women of reproductive age. Maternal pre-pregnancy overweight and obesity are important risk factors for a number of maternal and foetal/neonatal complications. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of the most recent evidence regarding the associations between pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity and wheezing and asthma in childhood. Potential mechanisms, mediators and confounding factors involved in these associations are also discussed...
August 26, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
Amy Shirong Lu, Tom Baranowski, S Lee Hong, Richard Buday, Debbe Thompson, Alicia Beltran, Hafza Razak Dadabhoy, Tzu-An Chen
BACKGROUND: Active video games (AVGs) capable of inducing physical activity offer an innovative approach to combating childhood obesity. Unfortunately, children's AVG game play decreases quickly, underscoring the need to identify novel methods for player engagement. Narratives have been demonstrated to influence behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that a narrative would motivate increased AVG play, though a feasibility study that investigated the motivational effect of adding a previously developed narrative cutscene to an originally nonnarrative AVG, Nintendo Wii Sports Resort: Swordplay Showdown...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Richard J Silverwood, Lee Williamson, Emily M Grundy, Bianca L De Stavola
Socioeconomically disadvantaged children are more likely to be of shorter stature and overweight, leading to greater risk of obesity in adulthood. Disentangling the mediatory pathways between socioeconomic disadvantage and childhood size may help in the development of appropriate policies aimed at reducing these health inequalities. We aimed to elucidate the putative mediatory role of birth weight using a representative sample of the Scottish population born 1991-2001 (n = 16,628). Estimated height and overweight/obesity at age 4...
2016: PloS One
Adama Diouf, Mbeugué Thiam, Nicole Idohou-Dossou, Ousmane Diongue, Ndé Mégné, Khady Diallo, Pape Malick Sembène, Salimata Wade
Background: Physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles are major risk factors of childhood obesity. This study aimed to measure physical activity (PA) levels by accelerometer and Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) among Senegalese school children and the relation with Body Mass Index (BMI) and body composition. Methodology: 156 pupils 8-11 years old were randomly selected in four elementary public schools of Dakar. BMI z-score was used to categorize children according to their weight status...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
A A H Schalkwijk, G Nijpels, S D M Bot, M J M Chin A Paw, C M Renders, P J M Elders
OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation and feasibility of the national healthcare guidelines on childhood obesity in a region with a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in children. DESIGN: Descriptive, implementation study. METHOD: The implementation of the guidelines took place in the borough Amsterdam West. In total, 17 general practitioners (GP) from the Academic General Practice Network (ANH) of the VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, participated in the study, along with 19 child healthcare practitioners and 3 paediatricians...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Thomas Westergren, Sveinung Berntsen, Karin C Lødrup Carlsen, Petter Mowinckel, Geir Håland, Liv Fegran, Kai-Håkon Carlsen
BACKGROUND: Children with asthma may be less physically active than their healthy peers. We aimed to investigate if perceived exercise limitation (EL) was associated with lung function or bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), socio-economic factors, prenatal smoking, overweight, allergic disease, asthma severity or physical activity (PA). METHODS: The 302 children with asthma from the 10-year examination of the Environment and Childhood Asthma birth cohort study underwent a clinical examination including perceived EL (structured interview of child and parent(s)), measure of overweight (body mass index by sex and age passing through 25kg/m(2) or above at18 years), exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ) pre- and post-exercise), methacholine bronchial challenge (severe BHR; provocative dose causing ≥20% decrease in FEV1≤1μmol) and asthma severity score (dose of controller medication and exacerbations last 12 months)...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Banafsheh Sadeghi, Sara Schaefer, Iraklis Erik Tseregounis, Alberto L Aguilera, Lisa Martinez, Rosa Gomez-Camacho, Ulfat Shaikh, Mayra Munoz Gomez, Linda Whent, Adela de la Torre
In California's central valley, childhood obesity rates are above the national average. The majority of families living in the rural, agricultural communities of this region are immigrant of Mexican heritage, and face numerous social and environmental challenges. Demographic and anthropometric data were collected from a population of Mexican-heritage children 3-8 years (N = 609) and families (N = 466) living in two central valley communities. Overall, 45 % of children and 82 % of mothers were classified as overweight or obese...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Community Health
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