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Childhood overweight

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654504/how-accurately-do-both-parents-and-health-professionals-assess-overweight-in-children
#1
Ickpyo Hong, Cynthia Brown Dodds, Patty Coker-Bolt, Annie N Simpson, Craig A Velozo
BACKGROUND: An accurate perception of weight status is important to prevent childhood obesity. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether parents and health professionals accurately identify children's weight status. METHODS: On the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: National Youth Fitness Survey, parents and health professionals rated the same child's weight status as overweight or healthy. The sensitivity and specificity of their answers were computed by comparing parents' and health professionals' ratings to the age growth chart from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654480/overweight-and-obesity-in-children-more-than-just-the-kilos
#2
Edgar van Mil, Arianne Struik
A new model of diagnostics and treatment for overweight in children is used for implementation of a new approach toward childhood obesity. Although based in a hospital setting, it is part of a cure and care network with other professionals. By psycho-education about the body at a 6-year-old level, parents and children become informed and competent partners. This knowledge increases their autonomy and ability to make choices. Collaboration with the family's support group or network reduces isolation and increases the feeling of being connected and supported...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650578/intake-of-energy-and-protein-is-associated-with-overweight-risk-at-age-5-5-years-results-from-the-prospective-teddy-study
#3
Andreas Beyerlein, Ulla M Uusitalo, Suvi M Virtanen, Kendra Vehik, Jimin Yang, Christiane Winkler, Mathilde Kersting, Sibylle Koletzko, Desmond Schatz, Carin Andrén Aronsson, Helena Elding Larsson, Jeffrey P Krischer, Anette-G Ziegler, Jill M Norris, Sandra Hummel
OBJECTIVE: The associations of energy, protein, carbohydrate, and fat intake with weight status up to the age of 5.5 years were prospectively assessed in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. METHODS: Food record data (over 3 days) and BMI measurements between 0.25 and 5.5 years were available from 5,563 children with an increased genetic risk for type 1 diabetes followed from shortly after birth. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for overweight and obesity by previous intake of energy, protein, carbohydrate, and fat with adjustment for potential confounders...
June 26, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645970/the-relation-between-birthweight-childhood-body-mass-index-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-late-adolescence-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-from-norway-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#4
Elin Evensen, Nina Emaus, Ane Kokkvoll, Tom Wilsgaard, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Guri Skeie
OBJECTIVES: Childhood overweight/obesity is associated with later overweight/obesity. However, the association between birth weight and later overweight/obesity has not been established. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between both birth weight and childhood body mass index (BMI), and adolescent overweight/obesity in a Norwegian population. METHODS: The Tromsø Study - Fit Futures is a population-based cohort study conducted in 2010-2011 and 2012-2013 in Tromsø, Norway...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645567/entrenched-obesity-in-childhood-findings-from-a-national-cohort-study
#5
Solveig A Cunningham, Ashlesha Datar, K M Venkat Narayan, Michael R Kramer
PURPOSE: Given the high levels of obesity among U.S. children, we examine whether obesity in childhood is a passing phenomenon or remains entrenched into adolescence. METHODS: Data are from the prospective nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (analytic sample = 6600). Anthropometrics were measured six times during 1998-2007. Overweight and obesity were defined using CDC cut-points. Entrenched obesity was defined as obesity between ages 5-9 coupled with persistent obesity at ages 11 and 14...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639320/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-aged-12-to-17-years
#6
REVIEW
Lena Al-Khudairy, Emma Loveman, Jill L Colquitt, Emma Mead, Rebecca E Johnson, Hannah Fraser, Joan Olajide, Marie Murphy, Rochelle Marian Velho, Claire O'Malley, Liane B Azevedo, Louisa J Ells, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Karen Rees
BACKGROUND: Adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with short- and long-term health consequences. Modifying known dietary and behavioural risk factors through behaviour changing interventions (BCI) may help to reduce childhood overweight and obesity. This is an update of a review published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obese adolescents aged 12 to 17 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639319/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-children-from-the-age-of-6-to-11-years
#7
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Tamara Brown, Karen Rees, Liane B Azevedo, Victoria Whittaker, Dan Jones, Joan Olajide, Giulia M Mainardi, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Elizabeth Beardsmore, Lena Al-Khudairy, Louise Baur, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Alessandro Demaio, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. This is an update of a Cochrane review published first in 2003, and updated previously in 2009. However, the update has now been split into six reviews addressing different childhood obesity treatments at different ages. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions (behaviour-changing interventions) for the treatment of overweight or obese children aged 6 to 11 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636070/development-of-a-population-based-microsimulation-model-of-body-mass-index
#8
Deirdre Hennessy, Rochelle Garner, William M Flanagan Ron Wall And Claude Nadeau M Flanagan, Ron Wall, Claude Nadeau
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has necessitated the development of body mass index (BMI) projection models such as the POpulation HEalth Model (POHEM). This study describes the POHEM-BMI model, a microsimulation tool that can be used to support evidence-based health policy making for obesity reduction. DATA AND METHODS: The National Population Health Survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), and the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) were used to develop and validate a predictive model of BMI for adults and childhood BMI history...
June 21, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635158/prepregnancy-overweight-and-obesity-are-associated-with-impaired-child-neurodevelopment
#9
Elizabeth Marie Widen, Linda Gross Kahn, Piera Cirillo, Barbara Cohn, Katrina Lynn Kezios, Pam Factor-Litvak
The authors examined the relationship of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with child neurodevelopment. Mother-child dyads were a subgroup (n = 2,084) of the Child Health and Development Studies from the Oakland, California, area enrolled during pregnancy from 1959 to 1966 and followed at child age 9 years. Linear regression was used to examine associations between prepregnancy BMI, GWG, and standardized Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and Raven Progressive Matrices scores and to evaluate effect modification of GWG by prepregnancy BMI...
June 21, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634874/the-childcare-center-an-untapped-opportunity-to-engage-and-educate-families-in-healthy-behaviors
#10
Michelle M Cloutier, James F Wiley, Christine Trapp, Jennifer Haile, Amy A Gorin
Obesity rates in preschool children are high and disproportionately affect low-income children of color in the USA. Since 80% of preschool children spend ∼40 h/week in out-of-the home childcare, childcare centers are promising sites for obesity prevention interventions. Mixed methods were used to develop, implement, and assess the feasibility of an obesity prevention program for children 2-5 years. The intervention which consisted of brief (1-3 min), interactive, educational modules was developed by content experts and parents (n = 20) and targeted four areas (milk, sugar sweetened beverages, screen time, and physical activity)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632874/screening-for-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#11
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Based on year 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts, approximately 17% of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years in the United States have obesity, and almost 32% of children and adolescents are overweight or have obesity. Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with morbidity such as mental health and psychological issues, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, orthopedic problems, and adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes (eg, high blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, and insulin resistance)...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629345/prevalence-and-incidence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-vietnamese-preschool-children-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#12
Loan Minh Do, Toan Khanh Tran, Bo Eriksson, Max Petzold, Henry Ascher
BACKGROUND: A plateau in childhood overweight and obesity has been reported in some developed countries while in almost all developing countries this problem is on the rise. The aim of this paper is to describe the changes in prevalence of overweight and obesity within a cohort of preschool children followed for 3 years, and to estimate and compare the incidences in urban and rural children of Hanoi, Vietnam. METHODS: A longitudinal study of a cohort of 2677 children aged 3 to 6 years old at the beginning of the study was conducted in urban DodaLab and rural FilaBavi, Hanoi, Vietnam...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625854/promoting-healthier-children-s-meals-at-quick-service-and-full-service-restaurants-results-from-a-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#13
Nanette V Lopez, Sara C Folta, Meaghan E Glenn, Vanessa M Lynskey, Anjali A Patel, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca
High-calorie restaurant foods contribute to childhood overweight. Increased consumer demand for healthier kids' meals may motivate the restaurant industry to provide additional healthy options. This study pilot-tested a combination of four strategies (toy incentive, placemats, server prompts, signage) designed to increase demand for healthier kids' meals, which were defined as those eligible for the National Restaurant Association's Kids LiveWell program. Relative sales of healthier kids' meals were examined before (n = 3473 total kids' meal orders) and during Month 1 (n = 3546 total kids' meal orders) and Month 2 of implementation (n = 3645 total kids' meal orders) of an 8-week intervention in two locations each of a quick-service (QSR) and full-service (FSR) restaurant chain...
June 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620503/general-practice-views-of-managing-childhood-obesity-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-analysis
#14
Jennifer E O'Donnell, Rachel Foskett-Tharby, Paramjit S Gill
OBJECTIVE: To explore general practice staff views of managing childhood obesity in primary care. DESIGN: A qualitative study to elicit the views of clinical and non-clinical general practice staff on managing childhood obesity. SETTING: Interviews were conducted at 30 general practices across England. These practices were interviewed as part of the Quality and Outcomes Framework Pilot Study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 52 staff from 30 practices took part in a semi-structured interview...
June 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614626/ptprs-and-per3-methylation-levels-are-associated-with-childhood-obesity-results-from-a-genome-wide-methylation-analysis
#15
M Samblas, F I Milagro, M L Mansego, A Marti, J A Martinez
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased in the last years. Epigenetic dysregulation affecting gene expression could be a determinant in early-life obesity onset and accompanying complications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present investigation was to analyse the putative association between DNA methylation and childhood obesity. METHODS: DNA was isolated from white blood cells of 24 children obtained from the GENOI study and was hybridized in a 450K methylation array...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612455/influence-of-eating-quickly-and-eating-until-full-on-anthropometric-gains-in-girls-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#16
H Ochiai, T Shirasawa, H Nanri, R Nishimura, H Hoshino, A Kokaze
BACKGROUND: In examining childhood overweight/obesity, there is a need to consider both eating quickly and eating until full. This longitudinal study investigated the influence of eating quickly and/or eating until full on anthropometric variables and becoming overweight/obese among Japanese schoolgirls. METHODS: Study participants were fourth-grade schoolgirls (aged 9 or 10 years) in Ina Town, Japan. Physical examinations and a questionnaire survey were performed at baseline (fourth grade) and after 3 years (seventh grade)...
June 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604169/health-effects-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-195-countries-over-25-years
#17
(no author information available yet)
Background Although the rising pandemic of obesity has received major attention in many countries, the effects of this attention on trends and the disease burden of obesity remain uncertain. Methods We analyzed data from 68.5 million persons to assess the trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adults between 1980 and 2015. Using the Global Burden of Disease study data and methods, we also quantified the burden of disease related to high body-mass index (BMI), according to age, sex, cause, and BMI in 195 countries between 1990 and 2015...
June 12, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602851/impact-of-delayed-gratification-on-oral-health-and-caries-status-in-the-primary-dentition
#18
Carolina Caleza-Jimenez, Rosa Yañez-Vico, Asunción Mendoza-Mendoza, Juan Carlos Palma, Alejandro Iglesias-Linares
OBJECTIVE: The ability to delay gratification (ATDG) is naturally linked to key regulatory psychological traits involved in self-discipline/regulation. The aim of this study was to ascertain the normalized impact of ATDG as an early predictor of oral health, on the primary dentition. METHODS: 404 subjects [202 children (4-6 years old) and 202 mothers] were enrolled in a case-control study. Systematic data collection included: i) extraoral diagnostic parameters; ii)intraoral health status; iii)behavioral aspects; iv)baseline socio-demographic data...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599644/parent-engagement-and-attendance-in-peach%C3%A2-qld-an-up-scaled-parent-led-childhood-obesity-program
#19
Susan L Williams, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Anthea Magarey, Carly J Moores, Debbie Croyden, Emma Esdaile, Lynne Daniels
BACKGROUND: Parenting, Eating and Activity for Child Health (PEACH™) is a multicomponent treatment program delivered over ten group sessions to parents of overweight/obese primary school-aged children. It has been shown to be efficacious in an RCT and was recently translated to a large-scale community intervention funded by the Queensland (Australia) Government. Engagement (enrolment and attendance) was critical to achieving program outcomes and was challenging. The purpose of the present study was to examine sample characteristics and mediating factors that potentially influenced program attendance...
June 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599075/increased-risk-of-asthma-in-overweight-children-born-large-for-gestational-age
#20
Leonardo A Pinto, Stefano Guerra, Josep M Anto, Dirkje Postma, Gerard H Koppelman, Johan C de Jongste, Ulrike Gehring, Henriette A Smit, Alet Wijga
BACKGROUND: Being born large for gestational age (LGA) is a marker of increased growth velocity in fetal life and a risk factor for childhood overweight. Both being born LGA and childhood overweight may influence the development of asthma, although the role of overweight in the association between LGA and childhood asthma is unclear. Importantly, recent studies have suggested that the association between overweight and asthma may be related to non-allergic pathways. If this also applies to the association between LGA and asthma, the association between being born LGA and asthma may be different for atopic and non-atopic children...
June 9, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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