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S Y N Jamaludin, I Azimi, F M Davis, A A Peters, T J Gonda, E W Thompson, S J Roberts-Thomson, G R Monteith
CXC ligand (L)12 is a chemokine implicated in the migration, invasion and metastasis of cancer cells via interaction with its receptors CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR)4 and CXCR7. In the present study, CXCL12-mediated Ca2+ signalling was compared with two basal-like breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468, which demonstrate distinct metastatic potential. CXCL12 treatment induced Ca2+ responses in the more metastatic MDA-MB-231 cells but not in the less metastatic MDA-MB-468 cells. Assessment of mRNA levels of CXCL12 receptors and their potential modulators in both cell lines revealed that CXCR4 and CXCR7 levels were increased in MDA-MB-231 cells compared with MDA-MB-468 cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Lina Xu, Giles Tetteh, Jana Lipkova, Yu Zhao, Hongwei Li, Patrick Christ, Marie Piraud, Andreas Buck, Kuangyu Shi, Bjoern H Menze
The identification of bone lesions is crucial in the diagnostic assessment of multiple myeloma (MM).68 Ga-Pentixafor PET/CT can capture the abnormal molecular expression of CXCR-4 in addition to anatomical changes. However, whole-body detection of dozens of lesions on hybrid imaging is tedious and error prone. It is even more difficult to identify lesions with a large heterogeneity. This study employed deep learning methods to automatically combine characteristics of PET and CT for whole-body MM bone lesion detection in a 3D manner...
2018: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
Fang Gong, Hua-Yan Zhu, Jie Zhu, Qiao-Jing Dong, Xuan Huang, Dong-Jin Jiang
The pathogenesis of allergic asthma is primarily characterized by abnormality in immunoglobin(Ig)E pathway, suggesting a possible role for follicular helper T cells (Tfh) in the genesis of excessive IgE accumulation. The blood chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 5 (CXCR)5+ CD4+ T cells, known as "circulating" Tfh, share common functional characteristics with Tfh cells from germinal centers. The aim of this study was to determine the phenotypes and functions of circulating CXCR5+ CD4+ T cells in allergic asthmatics...
March 5, 2018: Immunology Letters
Defeng Zhang, Yuanbo Wu, Gengyun Sun
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR-192 in differentiation of T follicular helper cells in childhood asthma. Blood samples were taken from eighteen children with acute asthma attacks and fifteen healthy children (HC). Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expression levels of miR-192, C-X-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CXCR5), B-cell lymphoma 6 (BCL-6) and inducible T-cell costimulator (ICOS). The flow cytometry was performed to detect the proportion of CD4 + CXCR5+ Tfh cells on CD4 + T lymphocytes...
February 28, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Tao Zhang, Juhua Zhou, Gene Chi Wai Man, Kam Tong Leung, Bo Liang, Bo Xiao, Xinting Ma, Shaoyan Huang, Huaxiang Huang, Venkatesh L Hegde, Yin Zhong, Yanmin Li, Grace Wing Shan Kong, Alice KaWah Yiu, Joseph Kwong, Pak Cheung Ng, Prakash S Nagarkatti, Mitzi Nagarkatti, Chi Chiu Wang
Endometriosis affects women of reproductive age via unclear immunological mechanism(s). Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous group of myeloid cells with potent immunosuppressive and angiogenic properties. Here we found MDSCs significantly increased in the peripheral blood of patients with endometriosis and in the peritoneal cavity of a mouse model of surgically-induced endometriosis. Majority of MDSCs were granulocytic, produced ROS and arginase, and suppressed T cell proliferation. Depletion of MDSCs by antiGr-1 antibody dramatically suppressed development of endometrial lesions in mice...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Immunology
Rafael Escate, Pedro Mata, Jose Maria Cepeda, Teresa Padró, Lina Badimon
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) conveys a high risk of premature atherosclerosis as a result of lifelong exposure to high LDL cholesterol levels that are not fully reduced by standard-of-care lipid-lowering treatment. Inflammatory mediators have played a role in the progression of atherosclerotic lesions. Here, we investigated whether innate immunity cells in patients with FH have a specific proinflammatory phenotype that is distinct from that of cells in normal participants. To this end, miR-505-3p-a microRNA related to chronic inflammation-and its target genes were investigated in monocyte-derived macrophages (MACs) of patients with FH (FH-MACs) and non-FH controls (co-MACs)...
February 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Zongshan Shen, Jiancheng Wang, Qiting Huang, Yue Shi, Zhewei Wei, Xiaoran Zhang, Yuan Qiu, Min Zhang, Yi Wang, Wei Qin, Shuheng Huang, Yinong Huang, Xin Liu, Kai Xia, Xinchun Zhang, Zhengmei Lin
Radiation-induced oral mucositis affects patient quality of life and reduces tolerance to cancer therapy. Unfortunately, traditional treatments are insufficient for the treatment of mucositis and might elicit severe side effects. Due to their immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties, the transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a potential therapeutic strategy for mucositis. However, systemically infused MSCs rarely reach inflamed sites, impacting their clinical efficacy. Previous studies have demonstrated that chemokine axes play an important role in MSC targeting...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Jianbo Zhang, Chengxin Liu, Xinkai Mo, Huan Shi, Sheng Li
C-X-C motif chemokine receptor (CXCR) 4/CXCL12 is associated with tumor invasion and metastasis in pancreatic cancer. The present study aimed to investigate the possible mechanisms behind this process by studying the association between the expression of CXCR4 and numerous molecular markers. A total of 60 patients with pancreatic cancer who had been treated with radical surgery between July 2012 and February 2016 were included in the present study. The expression of CXCR4/CXCL12 in primary pancreatic cancer lesions, tissues adjacent to cancerous tissue, non-cancerous pancreatic tissues and in the surrounding lymph nodes was evaluated by immunohistochemistry...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Xianlong Gao, Lauren J Albee, Brian F Volkman, Vadim Gaponenko, Matthias Majetschak
Recently, we reported that chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor (CXCR)4 and atypical chemokine receptor 3 regulate α1-adrenergic receptors (α1-AR) through the formation of hetero-oligomeric complexes. Whether α1-ARs also regulate chemokine receptor function within such heteromeric receptor complexes is unknown. We observed that activation of α1b-AR within the α1b-AR:CXCR4 heteromeric complex leads to cross-recruitment of β-arrestin2 to CXCR4, which could not be inhibited with AMD3100. Activation of CXCR4 did not cross-recruit β-arrestin2 to α1b-AR...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Zhaoshu Wu, Yue Cao, Xiaoyan Jiang, Min Li, Gang Wang, Yue Yang, Kai Lu
INTRODUCTION: Emerging evidence indicates that C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4(CXCR 4) is a candidate oncogene in several types of human tumors including papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). To investigate its expression impact on clinicopathological features, a meta-analysis was performed. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive search in the PubMed, Embase and The Cochrane Library (up to March 14, 2017) was performed for relevant studies using multiple search strategies...
February 8, 2018: Minerva Endocrinologica
Lauren J Albee, Heather M LaPorte, Xianlong Gao, Jonathan M Eby, You-Hong Cheng, Amanda M Nevins, Brian F Volkman, Vadim Gaponenko, Matthias Majetschak
Recent observations suggest that atypical chemokine receptor (ACKR)3 and chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor (CXCR)4 regulate human vascular smooth muscle function through hetero-oligomerization with α1-adrenoceptors. Here, we show that ACKR3 also regulates arginine vasopressin receptor (AVPR)1A. We observed that ACKR3 agonists inhibit arginine vasopressin (aVP)-induced inositol trisphosphate (IP3) production in human vascular smooth muscle cells (hVSMCs) and antagonize aVP-mediated constriction of isolated arteries...
January 2018: Open Biology
Mohammad Sultan, Dejan Vidovic, Arianne S Paine, Thomas T Huynh, Krysta M Coyle, Margaret L Thomas, Brianne M Cruickshank, Cheryl A Dean, Derek R Clements, Youra Kim, Kristin Lee, Shashi A Gujar, Ian C Weaver, Paola Marcato
Avoiding detection and destruction by immune cells is key for tumor initiation and progression. The important role of cancer stem cells (CSC) in tumor initiation has been well established, yet their ability to evade immune detection and targeting is only partly understood. To investigate the ability of breast CSCs to evade immune detection we identified a highly tumorigenic population in a spontaneous murine mammary tumor based on increased aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity. We performed tumor growth studies in immunocompetent and immunocompromised mice...
January 17, 2018: Stem Cells
Zhiwei Liao, Quanyuan Wan, Xun Xiao, Jianfei Ji, Jianguo Su
Chemokines are a superfamily of small cytokines and characterized based on their ability to induce directional migration of cells along a concentration gradient by binding to chemokine receptors, which have important roles in immunology and development. Due to the numerous and diverse members, systematic identifications of chemokine superfamily genes are difficult in many species. To that end, a comprehensive analysis of BLAST and scripting language was conducted to systematically identify and characterize chemokine system in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)...
January 8, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Ying Yue, Mengjia Song, Yamin Qiao, Pupu Li, Yiqiang Yuan, Jingyao Lian, Suying Wang, Yi Zhang
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one of the most common digestive malignant tumors worldwide. Over the past decades, there have been minimal improvements in outcomes for patients with EC. New targets and novel therapies are needed to improve outcomes for these patients. This study aimed to explore the molecular mechanisms of EC by integrated bioinformatic analyses of the feature genes associated with EC and correlative gene functions which can distinguish cancerous tissues from non-cancerous tissues. Gene expression profile GSE20347 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, including 17 EC samples and their paired adjacent non-cancerous samples...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
P Li, W L Li, J X Qi
Objective: To investigate the expression of integrin αvβ3, CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR)4 and CXCR7 and their relationship with lymph node metastasis in squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN). Methods: The expression of integrin αvβ3, CXCR4 and CXCR7 was detected by immunohistochemistry SABC in 92 cases of primary SCCHN, metastatic lymph node, normal oral mucosa tissues and normal lymph nodes. Results: The positive rate of the expression of integrin αvβ3, CXCR4 and CXCR7 was 75% (69/92), 81%(75/92) and 76%(70/92), respectively in primary SCCHN, and was 82%(75/92), 76%(70/92) and 65%(60/92), respectively in metastatic lymph node...
December 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Deying Liu, Jinxiang Liu, Jinghua Wang, Lishuang Guo, Congcong Liu, Yanfang Jiang, Haifeng Wang, Sirui Yang
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV) is the most common vasculitis in children. Previously, we demonstrated that patients with IgAV show abnormal proliferation of cluster of differentiation (CD)4+C-X-C chemokine receptor type (CXCR)5+ follicular helper T (Tfh) cells. Here, we explored the status of Tfh cell subsets and plasma cytokine levels in patients with IgAV. METHODS: CD4+CXCR5+CD45RA-, CD45RA-CXCR3+CCR6-, CD45RA-CXCR3-CCR6-, CD45RA-CXCR3-CCR6+, and CD45RA-CXCR3+CCR6+ Tfh cell fractions and plasma concentrations of interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-17A were evaluated by flow cytometry and a flow cytometric bead array, respectively, in 30 patients with IgAV and 15 healthy controls (HCs)...
2017: PloS One
Lin Ling, Shaohua Gu, Yan Cheng, Liucheng Ding
Cardiac stem cells (CSCs) are important for improving cardiac function following myocardial infarction, with CSC migration to infarcted or ischemic myocardium important for cardiac regeneration. Strategies to improve cell migration may improve the efficiency of myocardial regeneration. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is an essential molecule in cell migration, but the endogenous bFGF level is too low to be effective. The effect of exogenously delivered bFGF on CSC migration was observed in vitro and in vivo in the present study...
February 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Liu-Xue Yang, Chun-Ling Wei, Man-Li Guo, Yong Zhang, Feng Bai, Shao-Gang Ma
Transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to contribute to myocardial repair after myocardial infarction (MI), primarily through production and secretion some growth factors and cytokines related to cell survival and regeneration. Further improvement of the therapeutic potential of MSCs appears to be an attractive strategy for MI treatment. CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR) 7 is the receptor for stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), an important chemokine that is essential for tissue repair and angiogenesis...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
Gönen Başer, Oya Nermin Sivrikoz, Eyyüp Karahan, Emine Şeker Ün, Hakan Yıldırım, Sülen Sarıoğlu
Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate the expression of chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR-4) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in the epithelium and stroma of pterygium tissue in comparison with healthy conjunctiva. Materials and methods: The expression of CXCR4 and COX-2 was investigated by immunohistochemistry in the epithelium and stroma of the pterygium tissue of 29 eyes and compared with healthy conjunctival tissues. The correlation between CXCR4 and COX-2 expression as well as the correlation of these markers with the area of pterygium were evaluated statistically...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Yifan Feng, Jing Wang, Yuanzhi Yuan, Xi Zhang, Minqian Shen, Fei Yuan
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) has been previously confirmed to participate in the formation of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) via its receptor, CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR) 4; CXCR7 is a recently identified receptor for SDF-1. The molecular mechanisms and therapeutic value of CXCR7 in CNV remain undefined. In this study, experimental CNV was induced by laser photocoagulation in Brown-Norway pigmented rats, and aberrant CXCR7 overexpression was detected in the retinal pigment epithelial/choroid/sclera tissues of laser-injured eyes...
November 16, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
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