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Enrica Riva, Filippo Salvini, Maria Laura Garlaschi, Giovanni Radaelli, Marcello Giovannini
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of invasive infection in young children causing morbidity and mortality. Active surveillance systems of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) are recommended worldwide. The aim of this study was to estimate the current incidence of IPD and to describe the serotype distribution and the antimocrobial susceptibility of S. pneumoniae isolates in children aged less than 5 years residing in North-West Lombardy, Italy. METHODS: A twelve-month prospective active surveillance system recruited all children aged less than 5 years admitted for suspicion of IPD at emergency room of ten hospitals located in the monitored area...
2012: BMC Infectious Diseases
Godbole Manoj, Shiragambi Hanumantagouda Manohar, Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy
The essential oil extracted from the leaves of Pogostemon paniculatus (Willd.) Benth. (Lamiaceae), was analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Nineteen compounds constituting 85.36% of the total oil were identified in the oil. Patchouli alcohol (30.65%), α-guaiene (10.67%), β-guaiene (9.09%), caryophyllene (8.64%), eicosene (5.27%) were the major constituents present. The essential oil was analysed for antimicrobial activity by disc diffusion assay and minimum inhibition concentration against six bacteria and three fungi...
2012: Natural Product Research
Ming Tang, Alan J Waring, Mei Hong
The insertion of charged amino acid residues into the hydrophobic part of lipid bilayers is energetically unfavorable yet found in many cationic membrane peptides and protein domains. To understand the mechanism of this translocation, we measured the (13)C-(31)P distances for an Arg-rich beta-hairpin antimicrobial peptide, PG-1, in the lipid membrane using solid-state NMR. Four residues, including two Arg's, scattered through the peptide were chosen for the distance measurements. Surprisingly, all residues show short distances to the lipid (31)P: 4...
September 19, 2007: Journal of the American Chemical Society
K A Akinsinde, D K Olukoya
Four of the seven tested medicinal plants exhibited antimicrobial activity against Vibrio cholerae. These 7 plants are: Ficus capensis, Mitragyna stipulosa, Entada africana, Piliostigma reticulatum, Terminalia avicennoides, Mimosa pudica, and Lannea acida. Of them Terminalia avicennoides showed higher antimocrobial activity than others. Potentials of these herbs in the control of cholera need to be determined.
June 1995: Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research
A A Sokhin, L T Zaplatnikov, V S Kucheriavenko, Ia I Moshiashvili, A Ia Sotnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1970: Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, i Immunobiologii
H Saxena, V K Pratap, V S Agnihotri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1972: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
R C Moellering, O M Korzeniowski, M A Sande, C B Wennersten
Combinations of penicillin with various aminoglycosidic aminocyclitols were tested against a collection of clinical isolates of Streptococcus faecium in vitro and were used to treat endocarditis caused by S. faecium in the rabbit model. S. faecium proved more resistant to penicillin than Streptococcus faecalis. Even more striking, however, was the resistance to in vitro synergism by combinations of penicillin and various aminoglycosides. At clinically achievable concentrations, penicillin-gentamicin was the only combination that was synergistic against all strains that were tested...
August 1979: Journal of Infectious Diseases
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