keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychopath

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643444/how-media-exposure-relates-to-laypersons-understanding-of-psychopathy
#1
Michael E Keesler, David DeMatteo
While conceptualization of psychopathy has evolved, so too has the public's relationship with psychology changed. Concurrently, portrayal of psychopaths has made several shifts, both through nonfiction sources and in popular film and television. Psychopathic villains of the mid-20th century have made space for a growing cast of protagonist psychopaths. This study examined whether a relationship existed between exposure to fictional psychopaths and how lay individuals conceptualize psychopathy. Specifically, this study explored conceptualization differences based on exposure to antagonist versus protagonist fictional psychopaths...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639455/item-response-theory-analysis-of-the-psychopathic-personality-inventory-revised
#2
Alexander E Eichenbaum, David K Marcus, Brian F French
This study examined item and scale functioning in the Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (PPI-R) using an item response theory analysis. PPI-R protocols from 1,052 college student participants (348 male, 704 female) were analyzed. Analyses were conducted on the 131 self-report items comprising the PPI-R's eight content scales, using a graded response model. Scales collected a majority of their information about respondents possessing higher than average levels of the traits being measured. Each scale contained at least some items that evidenced limited ability to differentiate between respondents with differing levels of the trait being measured...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638202/characteristics-of-aggressive-behavior-among-male-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#3
Xiaomin Zhu, Wen Li, Xiaoping Wang
BACKGROUND: The incidence of the aggressive behavior is higher among the patients with severe mental disorder such as schizophrenia than the general population. The study of factors related to aggressive behavior has great meaning in designing prevention and intervention methods with this population of patients. AIMS: To understand the characteristics of assaultive behavior of male patients with schizophrenia who have been hospitalized. METHODS: Using a continuous sampling method, data from 75 male inpatients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia was collected at the psychiatric unit of Central South University Second Xiangya Hospital (Changsha, China) from August 2015 to February 2016...
October 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638035/-the-abnomal-personalities-in-the-conception-of-h-gruhle
#4
N Yu Pyatnitsky
Understanding of psychopathic personality in the conception of H. Gruhle, a famous German psychiatrist, is analyzed. The issue that the psychopathic personality is accidentally combined with mental illness, psychosis is contradictory to the conception of 'general degenerative constitution'; psychopathology can be isolated and transient. There is absence of age criteria in the diagnosis of psychopathy as well. The initial attempt of H. Gruhle to systematically consider all types of psychopathy was not well substantiated, therefore the author returned to Kraepelin's systematics of psychopathic personality according to prominent traid...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635343/primary-psychopathy-and-alcohol-pathology-in-college-students-the-role-of-protective-behavioral-strategies
#5
Matthew P Kramer, Brittany L Stevenson, Robert D Dvorak
OVERVIEW: Though not an official diagnosis, psychopathy has become an important area of research due to the litany of deleterious outcomes associated with this aspect of temperament. Psychopathy is composed of primary and secondary traits. Research consistently links psychopathy to alcohol pathology, though often only via secondary traits which are comprised of intractable aspects of behavior (e.g., poor impulse control). In contrast, primary psychopathy is comprised of behaviors that can be learned and thus may be more malleable (i...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627902/responses-to-dominance-challenge-are-a-function-of-psychopathy-level-a-multimethod-study
#6
Jill Lobbestael, Arnoud Arntz, Marisol Voncken, Michael Potegal
This study assesses the relationship between psychopathy and dominance, both as a trait level and in 2 interpersonal contexts. Following the interpersonal circumplex model, we expected that interacting with a dominant interviewer would reduce dominance displays by low psychopathy participants (interpersonal complementarity) but might increase such displays in those with higher psychopathy (anticomplementarity). Psychopathic traits and dominance were assessed in a community sample (N = 91) using multiple dominance indicators: self-reported overall dominance level, job preference, dominance displays observed during identical interviews with a subordinate and dominant interviewer, and baseline and postinterview measures of personal space and testosterone level...
June 19, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617140/introduction-to-the-special-section-linking-the-mmpi-2-rf-to-contemporary-models-of-psychopathology
#7
Martin Sellbom, Paul A Arbisi
This special section considers 9 independent articles that seek to link the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/ 2011 ) to contemporary models of psychopathology. Sellbom ( this issue ) maps the Specific Problems scales onto hierarchical psychopathology structures, whereas Romero, Toorabally, Burchett, Tarescavage, and Glassmire ( this issue ) and Shkalim, Almagor, and Ben-Porath ( this issue ) show evidence of linking the instruments' scales to diagnostic representations of common higher order psychopathology constructs...
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594217/psychometric-properties-and-prognostic-usefulness-of-the-youth-psychopathic-traits-inventory-ypi-as-a-component-of-a-clinical-protocol-for-detained-youth-a-multiethnic-examination
#8
Olivier F Colins, Kostas A Fanti, Henrik Andershed, Eva Mulder, Randall T Salekin, Arjan Blokland, Robert R J M Vermeiren
Prior studies have shown that the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) holds promise as a self-report tool for assessing psychopathic traits in detained adolescents. However, these studies have been conducted in a research context where anonymity and confidentiality are provided. Few studies have examined the usefulness of the YPI in clinical settings. To address this research gap, the present study examined data from 1,559 detained boys who completed the YPI as part of a clinical protocol. Official criminal records were available for a subsample (n = 848), allowing us to test the prognostic usefulness of the YPI...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580638/emotional-reactivity-and-regulation-in-individuals-with-psychopathic-traits-evidence-for-a-disconnect-between-neurophysiology-and-self-report
#9
Jennifer D Ellis, Hans S Schroder, Christopher J Patrick, Jason S Moser
Individuals with psychopathic traits often demonstrate blunted reactivity to negative emotional stimuli. However, it is not yet clear whether these individuals also have difficulty regulating their emotional responses to negative stimuli. To address this question, participants with varying levels of psychopathic traits (indexed by the Triarchic Measure of Psychopathy; Patrick, 2010) completed a task in which they passively viewed, increased, or decreased their emotions to negative picture stimuli while electrocortical activity was recorded...
June 5, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557594/inhalant-use-and-mental-health-problems-in-russian-juvenile-delinquents
#10
Linnea Zachrison, Vladislav Ruchkin, Andrew Stickley, Roman Koposov
BACKGROUND: Inhalant use by children and adolescents has been linked to an increased risk of multiple drug use, mental health problems and antisocial behavior. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of inhalant use and psychiatric diagnoses among incarcerated delinquent youths in Russia. METHODS: A total of 370 incarcerated delinquents from a juvenile correction center in Northern Russia were assessed by means of a semi-structured psychiatric interview and by self-reports...
May 30, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556964/psychopathy-and-mortality
#11
Olli Vaurio, Eila Repo-Tiihonen, Hannu Kautiainen, Jari Tiihonen
It is not known how mortality differs between psychopathic and nonpsychopathic individuals. We linked data from subjects having been in forensic mental examinations at Niuvanniemi Hospital during 1984-1993 to the data from the National Death Registry to estimate the association between psychopathy and mortality. One hundred psychopathic individuals scoring 25 or higher in the PCL-R scale were followed up for 20-30 years. Two control groups were used as follows: 178 offenders scoring less than 25 on the PCL-R, and sample of general population drawn from the Finnish National Statistics database...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542927/research-review-what-do-we-know-about-psychopathic-traits-in-children
#12
Randall T Salekin
BACKGROUND: Research on the topic of child psychopathy has advanced over the past decade increasing what we know. METHOD: This qualitative review examines the research base for child psychopathy and emphasizes its three dimensions: grandiose-manipulative, callous-unemotional, and daring-impulsive. Literature is reviewed addressing the cognitive, emotional, motivational, personality, parenting, and biological correlates. RESULTS: Support has emerged for the phenotypic construct of child psychopathy, while questions remain regarding definitional issues and key external correlates (e...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535945/the-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-psychometric-properties-among-referred-and-non-referred-portuguese-female-juveniles
#13
Pedro Pechorro, James V Ray, Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves, Saul Neves Jesus
The presence of callous-unemotional (CU) traits delineates a subgroup of male youth with severe conduct disorder and antisocial behavior, but little research has been done among female youth. Drawing on 377 female adolescents (103 selected from forensic settings and 274 selected from school settings) from Portugal, the current study is the first to simultaneously examine the psychometric properties of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) in incarcerated female youth and community youth. The results support the use of the ICU in terms of its factor structure, and internal consistency despite the fact an item had to be removed from the Callousness dimension...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533584/reversal-learning-deficits-in-criminal-offenders-effects-of-psychopathy-substance-use-and-childhood-maltreatment-history
#14
Monika Dargis, Richard C Wolf, Michael Koenigs
Deficits in reinforcement learning are presumed to underlie the impulsive and incorrigible behavior exhibited by psychopathic criminals. However, previous studies documenting reversal learning impairments in psychopathic individuals have not investigated this relationship across a continuous range of psychopathy severity, nor have they examined how reversal learning impairments relate to different psychopathic traits, such as the interpersonal-affective and lifestyle-antisocial dimensions. Furthermore, previous studies have not considered the role that childhood maltreatment and substance use may have in this specific cognitive deficit...
June 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522165/a-new-legal-treatment-for-psychopaths-perplexities-for-legal-thinkers
#15
REVIEW
Maria Isabel Gonzalez-Tapia, Ingrid Obsuth, Rachel Heeds
Public perception, fueled not only by popular and news media but also by expert claims that psychopaths are archetypes of evil: incorrigible, remorseless, cold-blooded criminals, whose crimes manifest in the most extreme levels of violence. But is there empirical evidence that psychopaths truly are what they are portrayed to be? If so, should the law respond, and adjust its treatment of psychopaths in court - permitting psychopathy to be admitted under an insanity defense and/or resulting in mitigation? In this paper, we demonstrate that fundamental questions from the law to science remain unanswered and must be addressed before any alternative treatment of psychopathy can be considered...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521281/functional-connectivity-in-incarcerated-male-adolescents-with-psychopathic-traits
#16
Sandra Thijssen, Kent A Kiehl
The present study examined the association between psychopathic traits and functional connectivity in 177 incarcerated male adolescents. We hypothesized that psychopathic symptoms would be associated with functional connectivity within networks encompassing limbic and paralimbic regions, such as the default mode (DMN), salience networks (SN), and executive control network (ECN). The present sample was drawn from the Southwest Advanced Neuroimaging Cohort, Youth sample, and from research at a youth detention facility in Wisconsin...
May 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516848/the-role-of-psychopathic-traits-in-female-sexual-coercion
#17
Holly A Miller, Jeffrey A Bouffard, Cassidy A DeHaan
Researchers have consistently found a relationship between psychopathy and the use of sexual coercion in samples of males with and without previous sexual arrests (Abbey, Jacques-Tiura, & LeBreton, 2011; Hare, 1991; Hersh & Gray-Little, 1998; Seto & Lalumiere, 2000). Although there is growing recognition that females also engage in sexually coercive behavior, current understanding of female coercion is limited (Bouffard, Bouffard, & Miller, 2015; Cortoni, Hanson, & Coache, 2010; Muñoz, Khan, & Cordwell, 2011)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513350/examining-the-relationships-between-the-triarchic-psychopathy-constructs-and-behavioral-deviance-in-a-community-sample
#18
C Adam Coffey, Jennifer Cox, Megan R Kopkin
Few studies have examined the extent to which psychopathic traits relate to the commission of mild to moderate acts of deviance, such as vandalism and minor traffic violations. Given that psychopathy is now studied in community populations, the relationship between psychopathic traits and less severe deviant behaviors, which are more normative among noninstitutionalized samples, warrants investigation. The current study examined the relationships between the triarchic model of psychopathy (Patrick, Fowles & Krueger, 2009) and seven forms of deviant behavior (drug use, alcohol use, theft, vandalism, school misconduct, assault, and general deviance) in a nationally representative sample...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513347/development-and-initial-validation-of-an-inconsistent-responding-scale-for-the-youth-psychopathic-traits-inventory
#19
Brittany N Penson, Jared R Ruchensky, John F Edens, Brent Donnellan, Michael G Vaughn, Hedwig Eisenbarth
The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) is widely used in research, but there currently exist no means to identify potentially invalid protocols resulting from careless or random responding. We describe the development of an inconsistent responding scale for the YPI using three archival samples of youths, including two from the United States (juvenile justice and middle school) and one from Germany (vocational training school). We first identified pairs of correlated YPI items and then created a total score based on the sum of the absolute value of the differences for each item pair...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503367/etiology-of-triarchic-psychopathy-dimensions-in-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes
#20
Robert D Latzman, Christopher J Patrick, Hani J Freeman, Steven J Schapiro, William D Hopkins
The current study undertook analyses of genealogical data from a sample of 178 socially-housed chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) with well-documented pedigrees, to clarify the etiologic bases of triarchic psychopathy dimensions and the influence of early social rearing experiences. Whereas biometric analyses for the full sample indicated significant heritability for the boldness dimension of psychopathy only, heritability estimates varied by early rearing, with all three triarchic dimensions showing significant heritabilities among mother-reared but not nursery-reared apes...
March 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
keyword
keyword
4798
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"