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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333895/childhood-adversity-and-hazardous-drinking-the-mediating-role-of-attachment-insecurity
#1
Thao Lan Le, Robert D Levitan, Robert E Mann, Robert G Maunder
BACKGROUND: Harmful alcohol use is associated with disease and mortality. Identifying new determinants of harmful drinking may aid the 16.3 million adults who have alcohol use disorders. Childhood adversity is associated with alcohol use, but is not amenable to change. Attachment insecurity (anxiety and avoidance) may be associated with alcohol use and may be a target for modification or used to personalize interventions. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to (a) identify the association between attachment insecurity and harmful drinking, (b) determine if attachment insecurity may mediate between childhood adversity and harmful drinking, and (c) test sex as a moderator between attachment insecurity and harmful drinking in the mediation relationship...
January 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306182/maternal-attachment-is-differentially-associated-with-mother-child-reminiscing-among-maltreating-and-nonmaltreating-families
#2
Monica Lawson, Kristin Valentino, Christina G McDonnell, Ruth Speidel
In the current investigation, we examined associations between maternal attachment and the way that mothers and children discuss past emotional experiences (i.e., reminiscing) among 146 maltreating and 73 nonmaltreating mothers and their 3- to 6-year-old children. Recent studies demonstrate that maltreating mothers engage in less elaborative reminiscing compared with nonmaltreating mothers. To further explicate the nature of reminiscing among maltreating families, we examined maternal and child contributions to reminiscing, their interrelations, and associations with maternal attachment among dyads from maltreating and nonmaltreating families...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303015/tests-of-the-attachment-and-developmental-dynamic-systems-theory-of-crime-addstoc-toward-a-differential-rdoc-diagnostic-and-treatment-approach
#3
Marc A Lindberg, Dana Zeid
The Attachment and Developmental Dynamic Systems Theory of Crime was tested on 206 male inmates. They completed measures tapping attachments, clinical issues, adverse childhood events, peer crime, and crime addictions. A significant path model was found, going from insecure parental attachments to adverse childhood events, and then on to the behavioral crime addiction and criminal peers scales. Peer crime was also predicted by insecure parent attachments and the crime addiction scale. Finally, the crime addiction, peer crime, and insecure parental attachment scales predicted frequencies of criminal behavior...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294831/do-trust-and-sexual-intimacy-mediate-attachment-s-pathway-toward-sexual-violence-occurring-in-same-sex-romantic-relationships
#4
Nicolas Gabbay, Marie-France Lafontaine
This study tested a serial mediation model examining how dyadic trust and sexual intimacy mediate the relationship between insecure romantic attachment and perpetrated sexual violence occurring between same sex intimate partners (sexual SSIPV). A community sample of adults ( N = 310; 203 women, 107 men) involved in a committed (6 months or longer) same sex romantic relationship completed an encrypted online questionnaire package which included psychometric measures designed to assess the aforementioned variables...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294711/distinct-and-overlapping-correlates-of-psychological-and-physical-partner-violence-perpetration
#5
Michele Cascardi, Ernest N Jouriles, Jeff R Temple
Despite its high prevalence, adverse impact, and potential significance in understanding the onset of physical partner violence (PV), there has been surprisingly scant research on psychological PV perpetration. The present research, guided by social learning and attachment theories, addresses this gap in the literature by examining overlapping and distinct correlates for psychological and physical PV perpetration in emerging adults. Undergraduates ( N = 504) with current or recent dating experience were recruited to complete a self-report survey...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294661/childhood-victimization-and-physical-health-in-women-the-mediating-role-of-adult-attachment
#6
Lianne Rosen, Marsha Runtz, Erin M Eadie, Carolyn Mirotchnick
Research has shown that female survivors of childhood abuse (CA) are more likely than nonabused women to experience long-term physical health concerns. Adult attachment may influence this relationship given that attachment insecurity has been linked to poorer physical health and postulated mechanisms of action are similar. This study used structural equation modeling to investigate whether adult attachment insecurity mediates the relationship between four types of CA and self-reported physical health in 538 undergraduate women...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274241/the-role-of-adult-attachment-orientation-and-coping-in-psychological-adjustment-to-living-with-skin-conditions
#7
M Krasuska, A C Lavda, A R Thompson, A Millings
BACKGROUND: Skin conditions can be associated with significant psychological distress. Investigation of attachment orientation and associated use of coping strategies is a promising perspective from which to investigate psychological adjustment to skin conditions. OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of adult attachment orientation, conceptualised as two dimensions: attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety, in psychological adjustment (appearance related distress and skin related quality of life) and the mediating role of two coping strategies: defeatism and activity...
December 23, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259562/early-adverse-caregiving-experiences-and-preschoolers-current-attachment-affect-brain-responses-during-facial-familiarity-processing-an-erp-study
#8
Melanie T Kungl, Ina Bovenschen, Gottfried Spangler
When being placed into more benign environments like foster care, children from adverse rearing backgrounds are capable of forming attachment relationships to new caregivers within the first year of placement, while certain problematic social behaviors appear to be more persistent. Assuming that early averse experiences shape neural circuits underlying social behavior, neurophysiological studies on individual differences in early social-information processing have great informative value. More precisely, ERP studies have repeatedly shown face processing to be sensitive to experience especially regarding the caregiving background...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244527/motivations-for-extradyadic-infidelity-revisited
#9
Dylan Selterman, Justin R Garcia, Irene Tsapelas
Relationship infidelities are motivated by many distinct factors, with previous research indicating motivations of dissatisfaction, neglect, anger, and sexual desire (Barta & Kiene, 2005). We expand on this by demonstrating additional, empirically distinct motivations for infidelity. Using an Internet-based questionnaire, participants (N = 495), most of whom were young adults, self-reported their infidelities. In addition to evidence for previously studied motivations, our data demonstrate additional factors, including lack of love ("I had 'fallen out of love with' my primary partner"), low commitment ("I was not very committed to my primary partner"), esteem ("I wanted to enhance my popularity"), gaining sexual variety ("I wanted a greater variety of sexual partners"), and situational factors ("I was drunk and not thinking clearly")...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241090/attachment-style-and-filial-obligation-in-the-burden-of-caregivers-of-dementia-patients
#10
Juwon Lee, Bo Kyung Sohn, Hyunjoo Lee, Su Jeong Seong, Soowon Park, Jun-Young Lee
Insecure attachment styles have been known to predict greater burden in caregivers of dementia patients. However, it has not been tested how filial obligation, which refers to one's sense of duty on helping elderly parents and is especially pronounced in Asian cultures, is involved in that relationship. We sought to identify whether the association between attachment style and caregiver burden differs according to the degree of filial obligation in caregivers of dementia patients. To assess filial obligation in Korean participants, a Korean filial obligation measure was developed...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240538/pathways-to-infidelity-the-roles-of-self-serving-bias-and-betrayal-trauma
#11
Benjamin Warach, Lawrence Josephs, Bernard S Gorman
This study employed a structural equation modeling (SEM) approach to examine the interrelationships between the self-serving bias and various known predictors of infidelity. Specifically, we sought to generate a path model depicting how the following variables jointly predict sexual infidelity perpetration: (1) insecure attachment, (2) pathological narcissism, (3) sexual narcissism, (4) primary psychopathy, (5) self-serving attributions for retaliatory infidelity, and (6) sexual betrayal victimization. We developed a structural model describing various pathways to sexual infidelity perpetration based on these six variables...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236525/convergence-in-reports-of-adolescents-psychopathology-a-focus-on-disorganized-attachment-and-reflective-functioning
#12
Jessica L Borelli, Alexandra Palmer, Salome Vanwoerden, Carla Sharp
Although convergence in parent-youth reports of adolescent psychopathology is critical for treatment planning, research documents a pervasive lack of agreement in ratings of adolescents' symptoms. Attachment insecurity (particularly disorganized attachment) and impoverished reflective functioning (RF) are 2 theoretically implicated predictors of low convergence that have not been examined in the literature. In a cross-sectional investigation of adolescents receiving inpatient psychiatric treatment, we examined whether disorganized attachment and low (adolescent and parent) RF were associated with patterns of convergence in adolescent internalizing and externalizing symptoms...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232577/attachment-and-motivational-systems-relevance-of-sensitivity-to-punishment-for-eating-disorder-psychopathology
#13
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Valentina Cardi, Umberto Volpe, Giovanna Fico, Valeria Ruzzi, Francesca Pellegrino, Giovanni Castellini, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
An altered balance of reward and inhibition systems may explain Eating Disorder (ED) behaviors and could be related to difficulties in socio-emotional processing. According to attachment theory, early interaction with caregivers affects the ability to regulate emotion in adult interpersonal situation. The aim of our study was to investigate if insecure attachment may be related to ED symptomatology through changes in reward and inhibition systems. Seventy-eight people affected by EDs and 45 healthy controls (HC) filled in the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ), the Behavioral Inhibition System-Behavioral Activation System Scale (BIS-BAS) and the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2) questionnaire...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229220/relationship-between-attachment-style-and-symptom-severity-across-the-psychosis-spectrum-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Sarah Christina Carr, Amy Hardy, Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo
There is growing evidence for the role of attachment in psychosis, however, to date there has been no quantitative review of the prevalence of insecure attachment in psychosis. The current study sought to systematically appraise studies investigating the prevalence of insecure attachment and the association with psychosis-spectrum experiences using meta-analytic techniques. A systematic search of studies carried out between January 1980 and 30th November 2015 found 25 papers eligible for inclusion. The meta-analysis showed that the prevalence of insecure attachment style was significantly higher in individuals with psychosis (76%) than in non-clinical samples (38%), with fearful attachment being the most prevalent...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229013/attachment-security-moderates-the-link-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-cellular-aging
#15
Or Dagan, Arun Asok, Howard Steele, Miriam Steele, Kristin Bernard
Exposure to childhood adversity has been linked to accelerated telomere shortening, a marker of cellular aging and an indicator of physical health risk. In the current study, we examined whether adult attachment representation moderated the association between childhood adversity and telomere length. Participants included 78 young adults (M age = 20.46, SD = 1.57), who reported on their exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and were administered the Adult Attachment Interview, which was coded for attachment state of mind...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222633/characterising-youth-with-callous-unemotional-traits-and-concurrent-anxiety-evidence-for-a-high-risk-clinical-group
#16
Charlotte A M Cecil, Eamon J McCrory, Edward D Barker, Jo Guiney, Essi Viding
Growing evidence supports the existence of two variants of youth with high callous-unemotional (CU) traits who present with markedly different risk profiles and outcomes, with potential implications for risk assessment and treatment formulation. So far, studies have identified variants of CU youth mainly using data-driven cluster approaches based on levels of CU traits and co-occurring anxiety. Yet, the extent to which this knowledge may be translated into clinical practice is unclear. To this end, the present study employed a severity-based, cut-off approach to systematically characterise CU groups across a range of clinically informative domains, including trauma history, psychiatric symptomatology, affective functioning, attachment style and behavioural risk...
December 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220685/parental-psychopathology-adult-attachment-and-risk-of-12-month-suicidal-behaviours
#17
David Boyda, Danielle Mc Feeters, Katie Dhingra, Niall Galbraith, Danny Hinton
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which parental psychopathology and vulnerability to suicide is transmitted to offspring is not well understood. parental psychopathology and behaviour may impact upon the normal emotional and psychological adjustment of their offspring in various ways. Research shows attachment insecurities may also be a key factor in the facilitation of suicidal behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To examine adult attachment insecurities as a potential mediating pathway between parental psychopathology and 12-month suicidality...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216238/mother-infant-interaction-assessment-at-discharge-and-at-6-months-in-a-french-cohort-of-infants-born-very-preterm-the-olimpe-study
#18
Gilles Cambonie, Jean-Baptiste Muller, Virginie Ehlinger, Joël Roy, Antoine Guédeney, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, Corine Alberge, Sophie Denizot, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Catherine Arnaud
OBJECTIVES: The principal aim was to investigate the feasibility of assessing mother-infant interactions at discharge and at 6 months infant corrected age in singletons born before 32 weeks of gestation. The secondary aims were to describe these interactions and their disorders, explore the association between maternal emotional state and the interactions, and assess the relationship between disordered interactions and infant social withdrawal behaviour. METHODS: OLIMPE is an ancillary study of the population-based study EPIPAGE 2, which recruited preterm neonates in France in 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215748/reliability-and-validity-of-the-experiences-in-close-relationships-scale-12-attachment-dimensions-in-a-clinical-sample-with-eating-disorders
#19
Giorgio A Tasca, Agostino Brugnera, Danielle Baldwin, Samantha Carlucci, Angelo Compare, Louise Balfour, Genevieve Proulx, Mary Gick, Marie-France Lafontaine
OBJECTIVE: Attachment insecurity is a potential risk factor for the development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs). To date, there are multiple psychometrically sound questionnaires for the evaluation of attachment in both clinical and healthy populations, such as the Experience in Close Relationships (ECR) scale. Composed by two subscales (i.e., attachment anxiety and avoidance), the ECR scale was recently adapted to a shorter, 12-item version (ECR-12). However, a validation of the ECR-12 among patients with EDs is still lacking...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209752/-addiction-as-an-attachment-disorder
#20
REVIEW
H F Unterrainer, M Hiebler-Ragger, L Rogen, H P Kapfhammer
BACKGROUND: There is no commonly accepted model for describing the development and treatment of substance use disorders (SUD); however, over several decades the attachment theory has represented an important basis for the clinical handling of SUD. This study gives a systematic review of empirical studies regarding the relationship between SUD and disorders of attachment behavior. OBJECTIVE: Is there a positive relationship between disorders of attachment behavior and the presence of SUD? METHOD: Various databases (PsychInfo, Web of Science, PubMed) were systematically searched in order to pinpoint relevant studies in books and articles published in English or German...
December 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
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