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Insecure attachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716619/attachment-insecurity-in-advanced-cancer-patients-psychometric-properties-of-the-german-version-of-the-brief-experiences-in-close-relationships-scale-ecr-m16-g
#1
Philipp Rebecca, Vehling Sigrun, Scheffold Katharina, Grünke Britta, Härter Martin, Mehnert Anja, Schulz-Kindermann Frank, Lo Christopher
CONTEXT: Attachment insecurity refers to difficulty in trusting and relying on others in times of need. Its underlying factors attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance have been empirically associated with impaired coping in advanced cancer, and therefore should be considered in individually tailored medical and psychosocial treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the German translation of the Brief Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR-M16-G)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715704/oxytocin-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-attachment-and-ptsd-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#2
Lauren M Sippel, Shizhong Han, Laura E Watkins, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, Steven M Southwick, John H Krystal, Miranda Olff, Richard Sherva, Lindsay A Farrer, Henry R Kranzler, Joel Gelernter, Robert H Pietrzak
The human oxytocin system is implicated in social behavior and stress recovery. Polymorphisms in the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) may interact with attachment style to predict stress-related psychopathology like posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The objective of this study was to examine independent and interactive effects of the OXTR single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs53576, which has been associated with stress reactivity, support-seeking, and PTSD in prior studies, and attachment style on risk for PTSD in a nationally representative sample of 2163 European-American (EA) U...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709025/adult-attachment-s-unique-contribution-in-the-prediction-of-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-beyond-personality-traits
#3
Cathrine Axfors, Sara Sylvén, Mia Ramklint, Alkistis Skalkidou
BACKGROUND: Personality traits such as neuroticism can help identify pregnant women at risk of postpartum depressive symptoms (PPDS). However, it is unclear whether attachment style could have an additional contribution to this risk elevation. This study aimed to examine the overlap of adult attachment insecurity and neuroticism/trait anxiety as PPDS predictors, taking into account baseline depressive symptoms. METHODS: A Swedish population-based sample of pregnant women reported on adult attachment and either neuroticism (n = 1063) or trait anxiety (n = 555)...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708044/relationship-between-attachment-and-executive-dysfunction-in-the-homeless
#4
José M Rodríguez-Pellejero, Juan L Núñez
The executive functions of the homeless may be contributing to the success or failure of social integration processes. The goal of this study was to analyze the relationship between attachment and executive dysfunction in the homeless, specifically, to analyze the prevalence of adult attachment and executive dysfunction patterns, as well as the predictive power of different types of attachment for executive functioning. Participants were 107 homeless. Descriptive analysis revealed the prevalence of insecure attachment, and a high prevalence of clinically significant executive dysfunction...
July 14, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704173/are-shame-and-self-esteem-risk-factors-in-prolonged-grief-after-death-of-a-spouse
#5
Thomas Dellmann
While many single factors of prolonged grief have been identified in the literature, a comprehensive understanding of predictors is still lacking. This paper argues that shame and low self-esteem, present risk factors in prolonged grief after spousal loss, based on a review of correlational studies. Using a practitioner-scientist approach a developmental model of shame as a core factor in prolonged grief is proposed, outlining the progression from childhood relational trauma, to insecure attachment, shame, self-esteem contingent on spousal approval to eventual prolonged grief...
July 13, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699702/adult-attachment-hostile-conflict-and-relationship-adjustment-among-couples-facing-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Cassandra J Crangle, Tae L Hart
OBJECTIVE: Couples facing multiple sclerosis (MS) report significantly elevated rates of relationship distress, yet the effects of attachment have never been examined in this population. We examined whether hostile conflict mediated the dyadic effects of attachment on relationship adjustment in couples facing MS and whether these associations were moderated by gender or role. We also explored whether dyadic adjustment mediated the relationship between attachment and hostile conflict. DESIGN: The study was cross-sectional and included 103 couples in which one partner had been diagnosed with MS...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691843/associations-of-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-with-stressful-events-and-emotional-reactivity-in-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#7
Carolyn M Pearson, Jason M Lavender, Li Cao, Stephen A Wonderlich, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Carol B Peterson, Scott J Crow
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits are common among those with bulimia nervosa (BN). However, how these traits impact the state experience of precipitants of BN behavior, such as stressful events and emotional reactivity, has not been determined. Thus, the purpose of this naturalistic study was to examine this trait-state association in BN. Women with DSM-IV BN (N = 133) completed a baseline measure of personality pathology traits, and subsequently recorded their affective state and the frequency and perception of 3 types of stressful events (interpersonal, work/environment, and daily hassles) several times per day for 2 weeks using ecological momentary assessment (EMA)...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681263/the-role-of-attachment-in-body-weight-and-weight-loss-in-bariatric-patients
#8
Abigail Nancarrow, Amelia Hollywood, Jane Ogden, Majid Hashemi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore the role of attachment styles in obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study explored differences in insecure attachment styles between an obese sample waiting for bariatric surgery (n = 195) and an age, sex and height matched normal weight control group (n = 195). It then explored the role of attachment styles in predicting change in BMI 1 year post bariatric surgery (n = 143). RESULTS: The bariatric group reported significantly higher levels of anxious attachment and lower levels of avoidant attachment than the control non-obese group...
July 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676679/disinhibited-eating-mediates-differences-in-attachment-insecurity-between-bariatric-surgery-candidates-recipients-and-lean-controls
#9
L L Wilkinson, A C Rowe, C Sheldon, A Johnson, J M Brunstrom
Previous research has shown that attachment anxiety is a good predictor of body mass index (BMI). This relationship is significantly mediated by disinhibited (over-) eating and is likely to reflect a specific form of affect regulation. This study explored whether obese bariatric surgery candidates (BSC; N=34) and bariatric surgery recipients (BSR; N=15) would show higher levels of attachment insecurity (higher attachment anxiety and/or higher attachment avoidance) than a group of age and gender-matched lean controls (N=54)...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653442/attachment-and-dissociation-as-mediators-of-the-link-between-childhood-trauma-and-psychotic-experiences
#10
Josie Pearce, Jane Simpson, Katherine Berry, Sandra Bucci, Andrew Moskowitz, Filippo Varese
Exposure to childhood trauma has been implicated in the development of paranoia and hearing voices, but the mechanisms responsible for these associations remain unclear. Understanding these mechanisms is essential for ensuring that targeted interventions can be developed to better support people experiencing distress associated with paranoia and voices. Recent models have proposed that dissociation may be a mechanism specifically involved in the development of voices and insecure attachment in the development of paranoia...
June 27, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653024/data-for-korean-college-students-anxious-and-avoidant-attachment-self-compassion-anxiety-and-depression
#11
Ju Ri Joeng, Sherri L Turner, Eun Young Kim, Seung Ae Choi, Jung Ki Kim, Yu Jeong Lee
The data presented in this article are from 473 Korean college students׳ responses to an online survey consisting of measures of anxious and avoidant attachment (the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised Scale: ECR-R), self-compassion (Neff׳s Self-Compassion Scale: SCS), depression (the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale: CES-D) and anxiety (the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-the Trait Anxiety Scale: STAT-T). Each variable was measured by a Korean version of the instrument. Participants were recruited from three universities in South Korea: 288 were men and 185 were women; 199 were undergraduate and 273 were graduate students...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645080/relationships-between-patients-attachment-characteristics-and-views-and-use-of-psychiatric-treatment
#12
G Camelia Adams, Lachlan A McWilliams, Andrew J Wrath, Stephen Adams, Dawn De Souza
This study explored the influence of attachment on psychiatric treatment by considering attitudes towards and the use of psychotropic medication and psychotherapy in patients with depressive and anxiety disorders. Adults referred to a psychiatrist completed self-report measures and participated in a diagnostic interview based on DSM-IV criteria. Those with depressive, anxiety or adjustment disorders were included (n = 124). Patients reported the types and dosage of current psychotropic medication as well as number of different psychiatrists and psychologists/counselors they had seen in the past 10 years...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645076/does-reflective-functioning-mediate-the-relationship-between-attachment-and-personality
#13
Maria Paola Nazzaro, Tommaso Boldrini, Annalisa Tanzilli, Laura Muzi, Guido Giovanardi, Vittorio Lingiardi
Mentalization, operationalized as reflective functioning (RF), can play a crucial role in the psychological mechanisms underlying personality functioning. This study aimed to: (a) study the association between RF, personality disorders (cluster level) and functioning; (b) investigate whether RF and personality functioning are influenced by (secure vs. insecure) attachment; and (c) explore the potential mediating effect of RF on the relationship between attachment and personality functioning. The Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure (SWAP-200) was used to assess personality disorders and levels of psychological functioning in a clinical sample (N = 88)...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639313/change-in-attachment-states-of-mind-of-women-with-binge-eating-disorder
#14
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
Insecure and unresolved/disorganized attachment states of mind may impact affect regulation and interpersonal functioning that contribute to binge eating in women with binge-eating disorder (BED). Group psychological treatment may facilitate changes from insecure to secure and from unresolved-disorganized to non-unresolved/disorganized attachment states of mind. This study used attachment theory to understand better the psychopathology of BED and co-morbid overweight status and to understand better the treatment response of patients with BED who receive group psychotherapy...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632983/a-descriptive-study-of-a-community-based-home-visiting-program-with-preschool-children-prenatally-exposed-to-alcohol
#15
Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Sayma Malik, Julia Wellwood, Karen Johnston, Holly Gammon, Kathy N Andrew, Breann Maxwell, Sally Longstaffe
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) increases the risk of insecure caregiver-child attachment and related negative child emotional-behavioural outcomes. Research also shows positive effects of attachment-focused interventions in preventing disrupted caregiver-child attachment relationships; however, such interventions have not been specifically adapted for children with FASD. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the implementation, challenges, and results of a community home-based attachment intervention, Circle of Security® (COS), with preschool children affected by PAE/FASD in Manitoba, Canada...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629205/attachment-style-is-related-to-quality-of-life-for-assistance-dog-owners
#16
Naomi White, Daniel Mills, Sophie Hall
Attachment styles have been shown to affect quality of life. Growing interest in the value of companion animals highlights that owning a dog can also affect quality of life, yet little research has explored the role of the attachment bond in affecting the relationship between dog ownership and quality of life. Given that the impact of dog ownership on quality of life may be greater for assistance dog owners than pet dog owners, we explored how anxious attachment and avoidance attachment styles to an assistance dog affected owner quality of life (n = 73)...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622588/attachment-representations-and-socio-emotional-difficulties-in-alternative-care-a-comparison-between-residential-foster-and-family-based-children-in-chile
#17
Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, Margarita Ibañez Fanés
Attachment has been assessed in children living in alternative care (AC) settings, such as Residential Homes (RC) and Foster Care (FC). However, no study has been conducted to compare attachment styles in residential, foster and parental care conducted as usual in the same country at the same point in time. There is also a lack of studies conducted in less developed countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare outcomes for children living in three different types of care in Chile. Three groups of children (N=77), living in (RC), (FC) and with biological parents (PC) were compared...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612177/early-life-maltreatment-but-not-lifetime-depression-predicts-insecure-attachment-in-women
#18
Anna-Lena Zietlow, Nora Nonnenmacher, Corinna Reck, Mitho Mueller, Sabine C Herpertz, Corinne Neukel, Anna Fuchs, Felix Bermpohl, Daniel Fuehrer, Dorothea Kluczniok, Catherine Hindi Attar, Charlotte Jaite, Katja Dittrich, Katja Boedeker
Early life maltreatment (ELM) poses a risk for the development of insecure attachment and depression over the life span, depending on the type of maltreatment (physical, sexual, emotional, neglect) and its severity. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of ELM and lifetime depression on adult insecure attachment in a female sample (N = 188), consisting of n = 81 women with ELM and n = 107 without ELM. Women with ELM reported significantly higher scores on insecure attachment than women without ELM...
August 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606493/patient-provider-relationship-as-mediator-between-adult-attachment-and-self-management-in-primary-care-patients-with-multiple-chronic-conditions
#19
Katja Brenk-Franz, Bernhard Strauß, Fabian Tiesler, Christian Fleischhauer, Nico Schneider, Jochen Gensichen
OBJECTIVE: The conceptual model of attachment theory has been applied to understand the predispositions of patients in medical care and the patient-provider relationship. In patients with chronic conditions insecure attachment was connected to poorer self-management. The patient-provider relationship is associated with a range of health related outcomes and self-management skills. We determined whether the quality of the patient-provider relationship mediates the link between adult attachment and self-management among primary care patients with multiple chronic diseases...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600932/investigation-of-associations-between-attachment-parenting-and-schizotypy-during-the-postnatal-period
#20
Melanie Hugill, Ian Fletcher, Katherine Berry
BACKGROUND: Parenting can be a stressful experience particularly for people with mental health problems or people who experienced abuse or attachment difficulties in their own childhoods. This study examined the relationships between earlier trauma, attachment, parenting and schizotypy in a non-clinical sample, with the specific hypothesis that parenting stress and competence would mediate any association between trauma, attachment and schizotypy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four first time parents with a child under 12 months old completed the following questionnaires online: the Experiences of Close Relationships Scale - Short Form (ECR-S), the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire - Brief, Revised (SPQ-BR) the Parenting Stress Scale, the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) and the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Questionnaire...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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