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Insecure attachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632983/a-descriptive-study-of-a-community-based-home-visiting-program-with-preschool-children-prenatally-exposed-to-alcohol
#1
Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Sayma Malik, Julia Wellwood, Karen Johnston, Holly Gammon, Kathy N Andrew, Breann Maxwell, Sally Longstaffe
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) increases the risk of insecure caregiver-child attachment and related negative child emotional-behavioural outcomes. Research also shows positive effects of attachment-focused interventions in preventing disrupted caregiver-child attachment relationships; however, such interventions have not been specifically adapted for children with FASD. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the implementation, challenges, and results of a community home-based attachment intervention, Circle of Security® (COS), with preschool children affected by PAE/FASD in Manitoba, Canada...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629205/attachment-style-is-related-to-quality-of-life-for-assistance-dog-owners
#2
Naomi White, Daniel Mills, Sophie Hall
Attachment styles have been shown to affect quality of life. Growing interest in the value of companion animals highlights that owning a dog can also affect quality of life, yet little research has explored the role of the attachment bond in affecting the relationship between dog ownership and quality of life. Given that the impact of dog ownership on quality of life may be greater for assistance dog owners than pet dog owners, we explored how anxious attachment and avoidance attachment styles to an assistance dog affected owner quality of life (n = 73)...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622588/attachment-representations-and-socio-emotional-difficulties-in-alternative-care-a-comparison-between-residential-foster-and-family-based-children-in-chile
#3
Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, Margarita Ibañez Fanés
Attachment has been assessed in children living in alternative care (AC) settings, such as Residential Homes (RC) and Foster Care (FC). However, no study has been conducted to compare attachment styles in residential, foster and parental care conducted as usual in the same country at the same point in time. There is also a lack of studies conducted in less developed countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare outcomes for children living in three different types of care in Chile. Three groups of children (N=77), living in (RC), (FC) and with biological parents (PC) were compared...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612177/early-life-maltreatment-but-not-lifetime-depression-predicts-insecure-attachment-in-women
#4
Anna-Lena Zietlow, Nora Nonnenmacher, Corinna Reck, Mitho Mueller, Sabine C Herpertz, Corinne Neukel, Anna Fuchs, Felix Bermpohl, Daniel Fuehrer, Dorothea Kluczniok, Catherine Hindi Attar, Charlotte Jaite, Katja Dittrich, Katja Boedeker
Early life maltreatment (ELM) poses a risk for the development of insecure attachment and depression over the life span, depending on the type of maltreatment (physical, sexual, emotional, neglect) and its severity. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of ELM and lifetime depression on adult insecure attachment in a female sample (N = 188), consisting of n = 81 women with ELM and n = 107 without ELM. Women with ELM reported significantly higher scores on insecure attachment than women without ELM...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606493/patient-provider-relationship-as-mediator-between-adult-attachment-and-self-management-in-primary-care-patients-with-multiple-chronic-conditions
#5
Katja Brenk-Franz, Bernhard Strauß, Fabian Tiesler, Christian Fleischhauer, Nico Schneider, Jochen Gensichen
OBJECTIVE: The conceptual model of attachment theory has been applied to understand the predispositions of patients in medical care and the patient-provider relationship. In patients with chronic conditions insecure attachment was connected to poorer self-management. The patient-provider relationship is associated with a range of health related outcomes and self-management skills. We determined whether the quality of the patient-provider relationship mediates the link between adult attachment and self-management among primary care patients with multiple chronic diseases...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600932/investigation-of-associations-between-attachment-parenting-and-schizotypy-during-the-postnatal-period
#6
Melanie Hugill, Ian Fletcher, Katherine Berry
BACKGROUND: Parenting can be a stressful experience particularly for people with mental health problems or people who experienced abuse or attachment difficulties in their own childhoods. This study examined the relationships between earlier trauma, attachment, parenting and schizotypy in a non-clinical sample, with the specific hypothesis that parenting stress and competence would mediate any association between trauma, attachment and schizotypy. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four first time parents with a child under 12 months old completed the following questionnaires online: the Experiences of Close Relationships Scale - Short Form (ECR-S), the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire - Brief, Revised (SPQ-BR) the Parenting Stress Scale, the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC) and the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Questionnaire...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583213/childhood-abuse-and-neglect-and-insecure-attachment-states-of-mind-in-adulthood-prospective-longitudinal-evidence-from-a-high-risk-sample-corrigendum
#7
K Lee Raby, Madelyn H Labella, Jodi Martin, Elizabeth A Carlson, Glenn I Roisman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578985/attention-focus-and-self-touch-in-toddlers-the-moderating-effect-of-attachment-security
#8
Sachiyo Ito-Jäger, Amanda R Howard, Karyn B Purvis, David R Cross
The superior self-regulation and attention-regulation abilities of securely attached children have been repeatedly demonstrated. However, the mechanisms that allow securely attached children to exhibit higher levels of attention focus than insecurely attached (anxious-ambivalent and anxious-avoidant) children need to be explored. One possible mechanism that has been hypothesized to play a role in focusing attention is self-touch. Previous research has shown that 10-year-old children exhibit more bilateral self-touch (i...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573961/revising-working-models-across-time-relationship-situations-that-enhance-attachment-security
#9
Ximena B Arriaga, Madoka Kumashiro, Jeffry A Simpson, Nickola C Overall
We propose the Attachment Security Enhancement Model (ASEM) to suggest how romantic relationships can promote chronic attachment security. One part of the ASEM examines partner responses that protect relationships from the erosive effects of immediate insecurity, but such responses may not necessarily address underlying insecurities in a person's mental models. Therefore, a second part of the ASEM examines relationship situations that foster more secure mental models. Both parts may work in tandem. We posit that attachment anxiety should decline most in situations that foster greater personal confidence and more secure mental models of the self...
June 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569621/attachment-orientations-and-psychological-adjustment-of-parents-of-children-with-cancer-a-matched-group-comparison
#10
Maria Cusinato, Vincenzo Calvo, Gianni Bisogno, Elisabetta Viscardi, Marta Pillon, Enrico Opocher, Giuseppe Basso, Maria Montanaro
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of childhood cancer on parents' adult attachment, social support, marital adjustment, anxiety, and depression. METHODS: 30 parents of children with childhood cancer and 30 matched controls completed the following questionnaires: Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R), Dyadic Adjustment Scale-4 (DAS-4), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - form Y (STAI-Y), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560542/the-role-of-attachment-insecurity-in-the-emergence-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-migraine-an-empirical-study
#11
Riccardo Williams, Luigi Leone, Noemi Faedda, Giulia Natalucci, Benedetta Bellini, Elisa Salvi, Paola Verdecchia, Rita Cerutti, Marco Arruda, Vincenzo Guidetti
BACKGROUND: It is widely recognised that there are associations between headache, psychiatric comorbidity and attachment insecurity in both adults and children. The aims of this study were: 1) to compare perceived attachment security and anxiety in children and adolescents with migraine without aura and a healthy control group; 2) to test whether the child's perceived security of attachment to the mother and the father mediated the association between migraine and anxiety. METHODS: One hundred children and adolescents with Migraine without Aura were compared with a control group of 100 children without headache...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553805/prayer-attachment-to-god-and-changes-in-psychological-well-being-in-later-life
#12
Matt Bradshaw, Blake Victor Kent
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of prayer and attachment to God on psychological well-being (PWB) in later life. METHOD: Using data from two waves of the nationwide Religion, Aging, and Health Survey, we estimate the associations between frequency of prayer and attachment to God at baseline with cross-wave changes in three measures of PWB: self-esteem, optimism, and life satisfaction. RESULTS: Prayer does not have a main effect on PWB...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530116/autism-and-attachment-difficulties-overlap-of-symptoms-implications-and-innovative-solutions
#13
Rebecca McKenzie, Rudi Dallos
This article explores overlap of symptoms between autism and attachment difficulties and suggests innovative solutions based on formulation. Currently, clinicians express difficulties in differentiating between these conditions contributing to misdiagnosis. Research into the prevalence of attachment difficulties among children with autism often fails to reflect detailed knowledge of attachment theory. Consequently, studies in this area employ questionable modifications to attachment measures and methods of analysis...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526662/attachment-style-and-internet-addiction-an-online-survey
#14
Christiane Eichenberg, Markus Schott, Oliver Decker, Brigitte Sindelar
BACKGROUND: One of the clinically relevant problems of Internet use is the phenomenon of Internet addiction. Considering the fact that there is ample evidence for the relationship between attachment style and substance abuse, it stands to reason that attachment theory can also make an important contribution to the understanding of the pathogenesis of Internet addiction. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine people's tendency toward pathological Internet usage in relation to their attachment style...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521314/romantic-relationships-of-people-with-borderline-personality-a-narrative-review
#15
Sara Navarro-Gómez, Álvaro Frías, Carol Palma
BACKGROUND: Romantic relationships are one of the most interesting areas of interpersonal functioning in people with borderline personality. The aim of this narrative review was to synthesise empirical findings on this issue. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The PubMed and PsycINFO databases were searched for pertinent materials published between 1980 and March 2016. Thirty articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Several longitudinal and cross-sectional studies showed that people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or BPD traits had more - but less prolonged - romantic relationships than people without BPD...
May 19, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509622/attachment-insecurity-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-adult-dissociation
#16
Seong Sook Kong, Dae Ryong Kang, Min Jung Oh, Nam Hee Kim
This study aimed to investigate whether attachment insecurity mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation, specifically in regards to individual forms of childhood maltreatment. Psychiatric outpatients who visited a specialized trauma clinic (n = 115) participated in the study. Data were collected via the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Revised Adult Attachment Scale, and Dissociative Experience Scale. Structural equation modeling and path analysis were performed to analyze the mediating effects of attachment insecurity on the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508736/out-of-harm-s-way-secure-versus-insecure-disorganized-attachment-predicts-less-adolescent-risk-taking-related-to-childhood-poverty
#17
Brianna C Delker, Rosemary E Bernstein, Heidemarie K Laurent
Although some risk taking in adolescence is normative, evidence suggests that adolescents raised in conditions of socioeconomic disadvantage are disproportionately burdened with risk taking and its negative consequences. Using longitudinal data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, we investigated quality of the early caregiving environment as a potential prospective buffer against the long-term association between childhood poverty and adolescent risk taking. Multicategorical moderation model results indicated that if raised in poverty across age 1-54 months (average family income to needs ratio ≤ 1...
May 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503505/depression-is-a-mediator-for-the-relationship-between-physical-symptom-and-psychological-well-being-in-obese-people
#18
Eun Kyoung Goh, Oh Yoen Kim, Hyo Jeong Jeon
This present study aimed to investigate the association effect of obesity status, physical symptom, insecure attachment, and depression on psychological well-being in non-diabetic healthy Koreans. Height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, and socio-psychological questionnaires (insecure attachment, depression, and physical symptom psychological well-being, etc.) were examined in 123 healthy Koreans. Student t-test, correlation analysis, and mediation analysis were performed. Study subjects were divided into 2 groups based on body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)): obesity (BMI ≥ 25, n = 36) and non-obesity (BMI < 25, n = 87)...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503141/addiction-as-an-attachment-disorder-white-matter-impairment-is-linked-to-increased-negative-affective-states-in-poly-drug-use
#19
Human-Friedrich Unterrainer, Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Karl Koschutnig, Jürgen Fuchshuber, Sebastian Tscheschner, Maria Url, Jolana Wagner-Skacel, Eva Z Reininghaus, Ilona Papousek, Elisabeth M Weiss, Andreas Fink
Substance use disorders (SUD) have been shown to be linked to various neuronal and behavioral impairments. In this study, we investigate whether there is a connection between the integrity of white matter (WM) and attachment styles as well as different affective states including spirituality in a group of patients diagnosed for poly-drug use disorder (PUD) in comparison to non-clinical controls. A total sample of 59 right-handed men, comprising the groups of patients with PUD (n = 19), recreational drug-using individuals (RUC; n = 20) as well as non-drug using controls were recruited (NUC; n = 20)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502270/insecure-attachment-predicts-depression-and-death-anxiety-in-advanced-cancer-patients
#20
Katharina Scheffold, Rebecca Philipp, Susan Koranyi, Dorit Engelmann, Frank Schulz-Kindermann, Martin Härter, Anja Mehnert
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of depression as well as adjustment and anxiety disorders is high in advanced cancer patients, and research exploring intraindividual factors leading to high psychological distress is underrepresented. Cancer patients' feelings about security and trust in their healthcare providers have a significant influence on how they deal with their disease. The perception of social support is affected by patients' attachment styles and influences their reactions to feelings of dependency and loss of control...
May 15, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
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