keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Insecure attachment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326885/a-matter-of-attachment-how-adoptive-parents-foster-post-institutionalized-children-s-social-and-emotional-adjustment
#1
Lavinia Barone, Francesca Lionetti, Jonathan Green
The current study investigates the contribution of children's age at adoption (M = 46.52 months, SD = 11.52 months) and parents' attachment on post-institutionalized children's attachment and social-emotional adjustment. A total of 132 subjects, 48 post-institutionalized children aged 3-5 years, and their adoptive parents, took part in the study. One year from adoption, children's attachment distribution was as follows: 31% secure, 42% disorganized, and 27% insecure. Parents' secure attachment increased children's probability of presenting a secure attachment pattern; specifically, mothers' attachment patterns were most strongly associated with those of their adopted children, with fathers' making an additional contribution...
March 22, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294294/mother-child-attachment-from-infancy-to-the-preschool-years-predicting-security-and-stability
#2
Elizabeth Meins, Jean-François Bureau, Charles Fernyhough
Relations between maternal mind-mindedness (appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments), children's age-2 perspective-taking abilities, and attachment security at 44 (n = 165) and 51 (n = 128) months were investigated. Nonattuned comments predicted insecure preschool attachment, via insecure 15-month attachment security (44-month attachment) and poorer age-2 perspective-taking abilities (51-month attachment). With regard to attachment stability, higher perspective-taking abilities distinguished the stable secure groups from (a) the stable insecure groups and (b) children who changed from secure to insecure (at trend level)...
March 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286493/attachment-style-and-chronic-pain-toward-an-interpersonal-model-of-pain
#3
Annunziata Romeo, Valentina Tesio, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Lorys Castelli
Chronic pain (CP) is a burdensome symptom. Different psychological models have been proposed to explain the role of psychological and social factors in developing and maintaining CP. Attachment, for example, is a psychological construct of possible relevance in CP. The first studies on the role of attachment in CP did not investigate the partner's psychological factors, thus neglecting the influence of the latter. The main aim of this mini-review was to examine the more recent literature investigating the relationship between CP and attachment style...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284895/disengaged-parenting-structural-equation-modeling-with-child-abuse-insecure-attachment-and-adult-symptomatology
#4
John Briere, Marsha Runtz, Erin Eadie, Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout
Based on attachment theory, we hypothesized that self-reported childhood experiences of disengaged parenting (DP) would predict adults' psychological symptoms even more than, on average, childhood sexual, physical, or psychological abuse. In a large (N=640) university sample, bootstrapped multiple regression analyses indicated that although various forms of child maltreatment were correlated with symptomatology at the univariate level, DP was the primary multivariate predictor. Structural equation modeling indicated significant direct paths from (a) DP to both nonsexual child maltreatment and sexual abuse, (b) DP and nonsexual child maltreatment to insecure attachment, and (c) sexual abuse and insecure attachment to symptomatology...
March 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277713/relational-antecedents-and-social-implications-of-the-emotion-of-empathy-evidence-from-three-studies
#5
Sanghag Kim, Grazyna Kochanska
Despite emotion researchers' strong interest in empathy and its implications for prosocial functioning, surprisingly few studies have examined parent-child attachment as a context for early origins of empathy in young children. Consequently, empirical evidence on links among children's attachment, empathy, and prosociality is thin and inconsistent. We examined such links in 2 longitudinal studies of community families (Family Study, N = 101 mothers, fathers, and children, 14 to 80 months; Parent-Child Study, mothers and children, N = 108, 15 to 45 months) and a study of low-income, diverse mothers and toddlers (Play Study, N = 186, 30 months)...
March 9, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263091/attachment-and-reflective-functioning-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Deborah Badoud, Paco Prada, Rosetta Nicastro, Charlotte Germond, Patrick Luyten, Nader Perroud, Martin Debbané
Insecure attachment and impairments in reflective functioning (RF) are thought to play a critical role in borderline personality disorder (BPD). In particular, the mentalization-based model argues that insecure attachment indirectly accounts for increased BPD features, notably via disruption of RF capacities. Although the mediation relationship between attachment, RF, and BPD is supported by previous evidence, it remains to be directly tested in adults with BPD. In the current study, a sample of 55 female adult BPD patients and 105 female healthy controls completed a battery of self-report measures to investigate the interplay between attachment, RF capacities, and BPD clinical status...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254426/dna-damage-in-lymphocytes-of-patients-suffering-from-complex-traumatization
#7
Liana M Bergholz, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Daniel Heylmann, Manfred E Beutel, Jörg Wiltink, Bernd Kaina
It has been shown that complex childhood traumatization (CCT) increases the risk for severe somatic and mental disorders. However, the somatic pathways linking maladaptive affect regulation and disease are not understood. Here we tested the hypothesis that traumatic stress is linked to the induction of DNA damage. We isolated peripheral lymphocytes (PBLCs) from blood of healthy donors and patients suffering from CCT. Cells were immobilised on slides and stained with anti-phosphohistone 2AX (γH2AX). The number of γH2AX foci, which are an accepted surrogate marker of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), was determined and set in relation to the patient characteristics...
February 9, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220315/attachment-figures-when-death-is-approaching-a-study-applying-attachment-theory-to-adult-patients-and-family-members-experiences-during-palliative-home-care
#8
Anna Milberg, Maria Friedrichsen
PURPOSE: Attachment theory is currently receiving much attention in relation to how adults cope with severe illness. The study aims were using the experiences of patients and family members to explore attachment figures (a central concept within the theory) during palliative home care. METHODS: Twelve patients and 14 family members were interviewed during ongoing palliative home care. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Four types of attachment figures were identified: (i) family and friends, (ii) health care practitioners, (iii) pets and (iv) God...
February 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208077/personality-dimensions-in-schizophrenia-a-family-study
#9
Vina M Goghari
Studies have demonstrated that personality traits differ in schizophrenia patients and family members compared to controls, suggesting familial risk. This study evaluated personality traits in a family study of schizophrenia, as well as the relationship between personality traits and symptoms and social functioning in schizophrenia patients. Thirty-two schizophrenia patients, 28 adult non-psychotic relatives, and 27 community controls completed the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ)...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192852/effective-disengagement-insecure-people-are-more-likely-to-disengage-from-an-ongoing-task-and-take-effective-action-when-facing-danger
#10
Tsachi Ein-Dor, Adi Perry-Paldi, Jenna Merrin, Yaniv Efrati, Gilad Hirschberger
OBJECTIVE: People believe that they can respond effectively to threats, but actually experience difficulties in disengaging from ongoing tasks and shifting their attention to life-threatening events. We contend that this tendency is especially true for secure people with respect to their worldview and perception of others and not to insecure individuals. METHOD: In Study 1 (N=290), we examined individuals' reactions to various threat scenarios. In Study 2 (N=65), we examined these reactions using a behavioral design high in ecological validity...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192006/does-marital-conflict-predict-infants-physiological-regulation-a-short-term-prospective-study
#11
Christin L Porter, W Justin Dyer
Prior research has linked marital conflict to children's internalizing/externalizing disorders, insecure attachment, and poor emotional regulation (e.g., Cummings & Davies, 2010; Cummings, Iannotti, & Zahn-Waxler, 1985). Although investigators have examined the impact of marital discord on older children (e.g., Crockenberg & Langrock, 2001), few have explored direct links in infancy (e.g., Cowan & Cowan, 1999). This study extends earlier work by examining linkages between marital functioning (conflict and harmony) and infants' cardiac vagal tone and developmental status across 2 time points using a cross-lag approach...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184210/attachment-avoidance-is-significantly-related-to-attentional-preference-for-infant-faces-evidence-from-eye-movement-data
#12
Yuncheng Jia, Gang Cheng, Dajun Zhang, Na Ta, Mu Xia, Fangyuan Ding
Objective: To determine the influence of adult attachment orientations on infant preference. Methods: We adopted eye-tracking technology to monitor childless college women's eye movements when looking at pairs of faces, including one adult face (man or woman) and one infant face, with three different expressions (happy, sadness, and neutral). The participants (N = 150; 84% Han ethnicity) were aged 18-29 years (M = 19.22, SD = 1.72). A random intercepts multilevel linear regression analysis was used to assess the unique contribution of attachment avoidance, determined using the Experiences in Close Relationships scale, to preference for infant faces...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178272/psychobiological-factors-affecting-cortisol-variability-in-human-dog-dyads
#13
Iris Schöberl, Manuela Wedl, Andrea Beetz, Kurt Kotrschal
Stress responses within dyads are modulated by interactions such as mutual emotional support and conflict. We investigated dyadic psychobiological factors influencing intra-individual cortisol variability in response to different challenging situations by testing 132 owners and their dogs in a laboratory setting. Salivary cortisol was measured and questionnaires were used to assess owner and dog personality as well as owners' social attitudes towards the dog and towards other humans. We calculated the individual coefficient of variance of cortisol (iCV = sd/mean*100) over the different test situations as a parameter representing individual variability of cortisol concentration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160683/attachment-dysfunctional-attitudes-self-esteem-and-association-to-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-mood-disorders
#14
Kristina Fuhr, Ivanina Reitenbach, Jan Kraemer, Martin Hautzinger, Thomas D Meyer
BACKGROUND: Cognitive factors might be the link between early attachment experiences and later depression. Similar cognitive vulnerability factors are discussed as relevant for both unipolar and bipolar disorders. The goals of the study were to test if there are any differences concerning attachment style and cognitive factors between remitted unipolar and bipolar patients compared to controls, and to test if the association between attachment style and depressive symptoms is mediated by cognitive factors...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152450/maternal-attachment-style-and-psychiatric-history-as-independent-predictors-of-mood-symptoms-in-the-immediate-postpartum-period
#15
Roberta Croce Nanni, Alfonso Troisi
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that both a past history of psychiatric illness and insecure attachment put women at risk for mood disturbances in the postpartum period. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether maternal insecure attachment is a risk factor for mood symptoms in the immediate postpartum period independently of the confounding effect of maternal psychiatric history. METHODS: A convenience sample of 120 mothers was assessed prenatally with the Maternal History of Mood Disturbances (MHMD), the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ), and in the first week after delivery with the Profile of Mood States (POMS)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132188/therapist-reflective-functioning-therapist-attachment-style-and-therapist-effectiveness
#16
John Cologon, Robert D Schweitzer, Robert King, Tobias Nolte
This study investigated the relationship between two therapist attributes (reflective functioning and attachment style) and client outcome. Twenty-five therapists treated a total of 1001 clients. Therapists were assessed for reflective functioning and attachment style using the Adult Attachment Interview and the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale. Clinical outcome was measured using the Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-45). Data were analysed using hierarchical linear modelling. Results indicated that therapist reflective functioning predicted therapist effectiveness, whereas attachment style did not...
January 28, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131072/long-term-oxytocin-administration-enhances-the-experience-of-attachment
#17
Sylvie Bernaerts, Jellina Prinsen, Emmely Berra, Guy Bosmans, Jean Steyaert, Kaat Alaerts
The neuropeptide 'oxytocin' (OT) is known to play a pivotal role in a variety of complex social behaviors by promoting a prosocial attitude and interpersonal bonding. Previous studies showed that a single-dose of exogenously administered OT can affect trust and feelings of attachment insecurity. With the present study, we explored the effects of two weeks of daily OT administration on measures of state and trait attachment using a double-blind between-subjects randomized placebo-controlled design. In 40 healthy young adult men state and trait attachment were assessed before and after two weeks of daily intranasal OT (24 IU) or placebo using the State Adult Attachment Scale and the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment...
January 15, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119999/attachment-styles-of-dermatological-patients-in-europe-a-multi-centre-study-in-13-countries
#18
Csanád Szabó, Anita Altmayer, Lars Lien, Françoise Poot, Uwe Gieler, Lucía Tomas-Aragones, Jörg Kupfer, Gregor B E Jemec, Laurent Misery, M Dennis Linder, Francesca Sampogna, Henriët van Middendorp, Jon Anders Halvorsen, Flora Balieva, Jacek C Szepietowski, Dmitry Romanov, Servando E Marron, Ilknur K Altunay, Andrew Y Finlay, Sam S Salek, Florence Dalgard
Attachment styles of dermatological outpatients and satisfaction with their dermatologists were investigated within the framework of a multicentre study conducted in 13 European countries, organized by the European Society for Dermatology and Psychiatry. Attachment style was assessed with the Adult Attachment Scale. Patient satisfaction with the dermatologist was assessed with an 11-degree scale. A total of 3,635 adult outpatients and 1,359 controls participated in the study. Dermatological outpatients were less able to depend on others, were less comfortable with closeness and intimacy, and experienced similar rates of anxiety in relationships as did the controls...
January 25, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101748/romantic-attachment-conflict-resolution-styles-and-teen-dating-violence-victimization
#19
Helena Bonache, Rosaura Gonzalez-Mendez, Barbara Krahé
Although research on dating violence has increased in the last decades, little is known about the role of romantic attachment and conflict resolution in understanding victimization by an intimate partner among adolescents. This study examined the relationships between insecure attachment styles, destructive conflict resolution strategies, self-reported and perceived in the partner, and psychological and physical victimization by a dating partner in 1298 adolescents (49% girls). Anxious attachment was related to both forms of victimization via self-reported conflict engagement and conflict engagement attributed to the partner among boys and girls...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095334/predictors-and-mediators-of-trait-anger-across-the-psychosis-continuum-the-role-of-attachment-style-paranoia-and-social-cognition
#20
Hannah Darrell-Berry, Sandra Bucci, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Richard Emsley, Richard Drake, Katherine Berry
Anger in the context of psychosis has a significant impact on treatment outcomes and serious implications for risk management. Understanding mechanisms underlying anger will improve interventions and inform strategies for prevention. This study is the first to examine the relationships between anger and key theoretical drivers across different phases of the psychosis continuum. A battery including measures of theory of mind, attachment, hostile attribution bias, paranoia and anger was administered to 174 participants (14 ultra-high risk, 20 first-episode, 20 established psychosis, 120 non-clinical participants)...
March 2017: Psychiatry Research
keyword
keyword
47967
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"