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Insecure attachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101748/romantic-attachment-conflict-resolution-styles-and-teen-dating-violence-victimization
#1
Helena Bonache, Rosaura Gonzalez-Mendez, Barbara Krahé
Although research on dating violence has increased in the last decades, little is known about the role of romantic attachment and conflict resolution in understanding victimization by an intimate partner among adolescents. This study examined the relationships between insecure attachment styles, destructive conflict resolution strategies, self-reported and perceived in the partner, and psychological and physical victimization by a dating partner in 1298 adolescents (49% girls). Anxious attachment was related to both forms of victimization via self-reported conflict engagement and conflict engagement attributed to the partner among boys and girls...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095334/predictors-and-mediators-of-trait-anger-across-the-psychosis-continuum-the-role-of-attachment-style-paranoia-and-social-cognition
#2
Hannah Darrell-Berry, Sandra Bucci, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Richard Emsley, Richard Drake, Katherine Berry
Anger in the context of psychosis has a significant impact on treatment outcomes and serious implications for risk management. Understanding mechanisms underlying anger will improve interventions and inform strategies for prevention. This study is the first to examine the relationships between anger and key theoretical drivers across different phases of the psychosis continuum. A battery including measures of theory of mind, attachment, hostile attribution bias, paranoia and anger was administered to 174 participants (14 ultra-high risk, 20 first-episode, 20 established psychosis, 120 non-clinical participants)...
January 4, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093220/increased-oxytocin-levels-among-abstinent-heroin-addicts-association-with-aggressiveness-psychiatric-symptoms-and-perceived-childhood-neglect
#3
Lidia M Gerra, Gilberto Gerra, Laura Mercolini, Matteo Manfredini, Lorenzo Somaini, Chiara M Pieri, Maina Antonioni, Michele Protti, Paolo Ossola, Carlo Marchesi
A disruption of the oxytocin system seems to affect a variety of brain functions including emotions, mood and social behavior possibly underlying severe social deficits and susceptibility for substance use and mental health disorders. Early life adversity, such as insecure attachment in childhood, has been suggested to influence oxytocin tone contributing to a condition of neurobiological vulnerability. Aim of the present study was to investigate oxytocin serum levels in abstinent heroin addicted patients, in comparison with healthy controls, and the possible correlation with co-occurring psychiatric symptoms, aggressiveness and perception of parental neglect...
January 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088057/a-systematic-review-of-adult-attachment-and-social-anxiety
#4
REVIEW
Ray P C Manning, Joanne M Dickson, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Alexandra Cunliffe, Peter J Taylor
BACKGROUND: Attachment has been implicated in the development of social anxiety. Our aim was to synthesise the extant literature exploring the role of adult attachment in these disorders. METHOD: Search terms relating to social anxiety and attachment were entered into MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Web of Science. Risk of bias of included studies was assessed using and adapted version of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality assessment tool. Eligible studies employed validated social anxiety and attachment assessments in adult clinical and analogue samples...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058729/role-of-the-attachment-style-in-determining-the-association-between-headache-features-and-psychological-symptoms-in-migraine-children-and-adolescents-an-analytical-observational-case-control-study
#5
Samuela Tarantino, Cristiana De Ranieri, Cecilia Dionisi, Valentina Gagliardi, Maria Francesca Paniccia, Alessandro Capuano, Roberto Frusciante, Martina Balestri, Federico Vigevano, Simonetta Gentile, Massimiliano Valeriani
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the role of attachment style on headache severity and psychological symptoms in migraineurs children/adolescents. Moreover, we investigated the association between attachment style, migraine severity, and psychological symptoms. BACKGROUND: Attachment theory suggests that early interpersonal relationships may be important determinants of psychopathology and pain management. In particular, individuals with insecure attachment styles have been shown to experience more pain than people with secure attachment style...
January 6, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039840/attachment-style-relationship-quality-and-psychological-distress-in-patients-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-versus-epilepsy
#6
Becky Green, Paul Norman, Markus Reuber
OBJECTIVES: Psychopathology levels are elevated in patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) and those with epilepsy. However, patients with PNES report higher rates of trauma and neglect, poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and an increased prevalence of insecure attachment. We examined to what extent attachment style and relationship quality with their main informal carer impact on levels of HRQoL, depression, and anxiety in patients with PNES versus those with epilepsy...
December 28, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033520/attachment-representations-patterns-of-emotion-regulation-and-social-exclusion-in-patients-with-chronic-and-episodic-depression-and-healthy-controls
#7
C Bauriedl-Schmidt, A Jobst, M Gander, E Seidl, L Sabaß, N Sarubin, C Mauer, F Padberg, A Buchheim
BACKGROUND: The experience of social exclusion (ostracism) is linked to the etiology and maintenance of depression. Most individuals experience emotional stress in states of social exclusion. Insecurely attached individuals, especially with an unresolved trauma, show maladaptive coping in response to social stress. The present study examines (a) the differences with regards to attachment representations in episodic (ED) and chronic depressive (CD) inpatients and (b) how ostracism affects their emotional reactions...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024223/relationships-between-self-reported-childhood-traumatic-experiences-attachment-style-neuroticism-and-features-of-borderline-personality-disorders-in-patients-with-mood-disorders
#8
Ilya Baryshnikov, Grigori Joffe, Maaria Koivisto, Tarja Melartin, Kari Aaltonen, Kirsi Suominen, Tom Rosenström, Petri Näätänen, Boris Karpov, Martti Heikkinen, Erkki Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Co-occurring borderline personality disorder (BPD) features have a marked impact on treatment of patients with mood disorders. Overall, high neuroticism, childhood traumatic experiences (TEs) and insecure attachment are plausible aetiological factors for BPD. However, their relationship with BPD features specifically among patients with mood disorders remains unclear. We investigated these relationships among unipolar and bipolar mood disorder patients. METHODS: As part of the Helsinki University Psychiatric Consortium study, the McLean Screening Instrument (MSI), the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R), the Short Five (S5) and the Trauma and Distress Scale (TADS) were filled in by patients with mood disorders (n=282) in psychiatric care...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008313/effects-of-the-adult-attachment-projective-picture-system-on-oxytocin-and-cortisol-blood-levels-in-mothers
#9
Sabrina Krause, Dan Pokorny, Katharina Schury, Cornelia Doyen-Waldecker, Anna-Lena Hulbert, Alexander Karabatsiakis, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa, Harald Gündel, Christiane Waller, Anna Buchheim
Oxytocin, a small neuropeptide of nine amino acids, has been characterized as the "hormone of affiliation" and is stimulated, for instance, in mothers when interacting with their offspring. Variations in maternal oxytocin levels were reported to predict differences in the quality of care provided by mothers. In this study, the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP) as a valid measure to assess attachment representations was used as an activating attachment-related stimulus. We investigated whether the AAP induces a release of oxytocin in mothers with a secure attachment representation and a stress-related cortisol response in mothers with an insecure attachment representation...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002988/the-suicide-narrative-interview-adolescents-attachment-expectancies-and-symptom-severity-in-a-clinical-sample
#10
Abigail Zisk, Caroline H Abbott, Stephanie Krauthamer Ewing, Guy S Diamond, Roger Kobak
Insecure attachment styles have consistently been identified as risk factors for adolescent psychopathology and, more specifically, suicidal ideation. However, much less is known about the mechanisms that account for the relationship between attachment styles and severity of suicidal ideation within clinical samples. In the current study, adolescents' expectancies for caregiver availability and responsiveness were coded from transcripts of the Suicide Narrative Interview in a clinical sample of 129 depressed and suicidal adolescents...
December 21, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002619/social-anhedonia-and-romantic-relationship-processes
#11
Lily Assaad, Edward P Lemay
OBJECTIVE: Social anhedonia is a deficiency in the capacity to experience pleasure from social interactions. This study examined the implications of social anhedonia for romantic relationship functioning, including the association of social anhedonia with sentiments towards romantic partners that are central to relationship functioning (satisfaction, commitment, regard for the partner, and care for the partner's welfare) and analogous perceptions of the partner's sentiments. METHODS: Data were collected from 281 participants who were involved in romantic relationships...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999555/intergenerational-transmission-of-reflective-functioning
#12
Anna M Rosso, Cinzia Airaldi
The present study investigated whether, and to what extent, reflective functioning (RF) during preadolescence is associated with maternal attachment security and RF, and with the child's attachment security. Thirty-nine mother-preadolescent child dyads from a non-clinical population participated in the study. Maternal and child RF were assessed by applying the Reflective Functioning Scale to the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and to the Child Attachment Interview transcripts. Children of mothers who showed a secure attachment model regarding the relationship with their parents during childhood reported higher levels of RF than the children of mothers who were classified as insecure on the AAI...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966799/infant-attachment-and-maternal-sensitivity-in-the-arab-minority-in-israel
#13
Ghadir Zreik, David Oppenheim, Abraham Sagi-Schwartz
This study is the first to examine infant-mother attachment in the Arab culture. Eighty-five Arab 1-year-old infants from Israel were observed in the strange situation, and maternal sensitivity was assessed from home observations. Supporting attachment theory's normativity hypothesis, no differences were found between the Arab-Israeli attachment distribution and Jewish-Israeli, Western, and non-Western distributions when examined at the two-way secure versus insecure level, although a few differences emerged when examined at the four-way ABCD level...
December 14, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941580/an-attachment-based-model-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-and-somatization-in-children-and-adults
#14
Robert G Maunder Md, Jonathan J Hunter, Leslie Atkinson, Meir Steiner, Ashley Wazana, Alison Fleming, Ellen Moss, Helene Gaudreau, Michael Meaney, Robert D Levitan
OBJECTIVE: An attachment model was used to understand how maternal sensitivity and adverse childhood experiences are related to somatization. METHODS: We examined maternal sensitivity at 6 and 18 months and somatization at 5 years in 292 children in a longitudinal cohort study. We next examined attachment insecurity and somatization (health anxiety, physical symptoms) in four adult cohorts: healthy primary care patients (AC1, n=67), ulcerative colitis in remission (AC2, n = 100), hospital workers (AC3, n=157), and paramedics (AC4, n=188)...
December 9, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935785/romantic-attachment-and-physical-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-in-a-chilean-sample-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation-difficulties
#15
Mnica Guzmn-Gonzlez, Marie-France Lafontaine, Christine Levesque
Despite evidence that adult attachment insecurity has been linked to the perpetration of physical intimate violence, the mechanisms underlying this link need further exploration. The goal of this study was to evaluate the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties in the association between romantic attachment and the use of physical intimate partner violence. To this end, 611 students recruited from Chilean universities completed the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, and the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales...
October 2016: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930965/attachment-in-psychosis-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-attachment-styles-and-association-with-symptoms-in-a-large-psychosis-cohort
#16
Sandra Bucci, Richard Emsley, Katherine Berry
Attachment has been identified as one of various possible mechanisms involved in understanding models of psychosis, but measures that reliably and validly assess attachment styles in psychosis are limited. The aim of this study was to identify attachment patterns in psychosis and examine demographic and clinical correlates across attachment groups. Latent profile analysis on attachment data from 588 participants who met criteria for non-affective psychosis was used to classify people into attachment classes...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#17
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918878/maternal-mental-health-over-the-course-of-4-years-following-childbirth-the-contribution-of-birth-circumstances-and-psycho-social-factors
#18
Ginna Porat-Zyman, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari, Iris Morag, Jacob Kuint
The aim of this study is to identify mothers at risk for poorer maternal mental health (MMH) 1 month post-partum and to determine changes in MMH over 4 years in relation to birth circumstances (singleton/twins, full-term/pre-term infant/s, first/non-first child), internal resources (adult attachment styles), and external resources (marital quality and maternal grandmother's support) at 1 month post-partum. The mediating effects of external resources were also investigated. Questionnaires were completed between 2001 and 2012 by 561 Israeli mothers...
December 5, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914273/quality-of-attachment-in-infants-less-than-1500g-or-less-than-32weeks-related-factors
#19
María López-Maestro, Purificación Sierra-Garcia, Celia Diaz-Gonzalez, Ma Jose Torres-Valdivieso, David Lora-Pablos, Susana Ares-Segura, Carmen R Pallás-Alonso
BACKGROUND: Prematurity carries a high risk of mortality and sequelae, altering the bonding process and leading to repercussions in terms of attachment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the type of attachment in children under 32weeks' gestational age (GA) or below 1500g, in hospitals where development-centred care has been implemented and to study the association between various types of attachment and certain neonatal and family characteristics. METHOD: Children <1500g or <32weeks GA who were born or admitted before 48h of life to one of two hospitals in Madrid between January and December 2012 were candidates for the study...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899058/correlates-of-child-father-and-child-mother-attachment-in-the-preschool-years
#20
Jean-François Bureau, Jodi Martin, Kim Yurkowski, Sabrina Schmiedel, Jeffry Quan, Ellen Moss, Audrey-Ann Deneault, Dominique Pallanca
The increase in fathers' involvement in childrearing, particularly beyond infancy, warrants research exploring factors influencing the quality of child-father attachment relationships, and the impact of these relationships on children's social development. The current investigation explored various correlates of preschoolers' child-father attachment security to both parents, including contextual factors (i.e., socioeconomic status, child temperament, parenting stress), parental play sensitivity, and child social adaptation...
November 30, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
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