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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925329/reflective-functioning-maternal-attachment-mind-mindedness-and-emotional-availability-in-adolescent-and-adult-mothers-at-infant-3-months
#1
Cristina Riva Crugnola, Elena Ierardi, Maria Paola Canevini
The study evaluated reflective functioning (RF), maternal attachment, mind-mindedness, and emotional availability among 44 adolescent mother-infant dyads and 41 adult mother-infant dyads. At infant age 3 months, mother-infant interaction was coded with the mind-mindedness coding system and Emotional Availability Scales; mother attachment and RF were evaluated with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). Adolescent mothers (vs. adult mothers) were more insecure and had lower RF; they were also less sensitive, more intrusive and hostile, and less structuring of their infant's activity; they used fewer attuned mind-related comments and fewer mind-related comments appropriate to infant development...
September 19, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918685/executive-functions-and-attachment-relationships-in-children-with-adhd-links-to-externalizing-internalizing-problems-social-skills-and-negative-mood-regulation
#2
Michal Al-Yagon, Dovrat Forte, Lital Avrahami
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical models suggest multiple underlying pathways for ADHD and multiple risk factors' co-occurrence as impairing this population's affective, interpersonal, and behavioral adjustment. After comparing groups' executive functioning (EF) difficulties and attachment security with each parent, this study primarily aimed to examine four risk factors (ADHD, child-father attachment, child-mother attachment, EF) as possibly explaining children's socioemotional/behavioral measures (externalizing/internalizing behavior, social skills, negative mood regulation)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891785/attachment-style-moderates-effects-of-fkbp5-polymorphisms-and-childhood-abuse-on-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#3
Amanda J F Tamman, Lauren M Sippel, Shizhong Han, Yuval Neria, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Joel Gelernter, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVES: To determine the main and interactive effects of four FKBP5 polymorphisms (rs9296158, rs3800373, rs1360780, and rs9470080), childhood abuse, and attachment style in predicting severity of PTSD symptoms in two independent, nationally representative samples of U.S. military veterans. METHODS: Data were analyzed from two independent samples of European American (EA) U.S. military veterans who participated in the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (N = 1,585 and 577 respectively)...
September 11, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885733/attachment-styles-pain-intensity-and-emotional-variables-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#4
Cecilia Peñacoba, Soledad Perez-Calvo, Sheila Blanco, Lucía Sanroman
This study aims to explore the relations between attachment styles and pain intensity and certain emotional variables (anxiety, depression and alexithymia) in a sample of fibromyalgia patients, in comparison with healthy women. Data were collected from 146 women with fibromyalgia and 122 healthy women. The variables studied were attachment style, pain intensity, anxiety, depression and alexithymia dimensions. Patients with fibromyalgia showed lower percentages of secure attachment style (69.9% vs. 86%) whilst showing higher avoidant attachment (19...
September 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883918/predicting-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-individuals-with-eating-disorder-symptoms
#5
Lot C Sternheim, Martin Fisher, Amy Harrison, Rosamond Watling
BACKGROUND: Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is recognized for its contribution to various psychopathologies, in particular anxiety and depression. Studies highlight the relevance of IU for Eating Disorders (EDs) however, potential factors contributing to IU in EDs remain unstudied. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-nine women with ED symptoms and 214 individuals without ED symptoms were recruited and compared on levels of IU, insecure (anxious and avoidant) attachment styles, extraversion and openness...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870000/effectiveness-of-the-hold-me-tight-relationship-enhancement-program-in-a-self-referred-and-a-clinician-referred-sample-an-emotionally-focused-couples-therapy-based-approach
#6
Henk Jan Conradi, Pieter Dingemanse, Arjen Noordhof, Catrin Finkenauer, Jan H Kamphuis
While evidence-based couple therapies are available, only a minority of troubled couples seek help and they often do this too late. To reach more couples earlier, the couple relationship education (CRE) group program "Hold me Tight" (HmT) based on Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFCT) was developed. This study is the first to examine the effectiveness of HmT. Using a three-wave (waiting period, treatment, and follow-up) within-subject design, HmT was delivered to 79 self-referred couples and 50 clinician-referred couples...
September 4, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868975/attachment-representations-of-school-aged-korean-children-comparing-family-drawing-and-narrative-assessments-in-a-clinical-and-a-community-sample
#7
Mi Kyoung Jin, Unsun Chung, Nancy Hazen
This study explored the links between two different methods of assessing children's attachment representations, a narrative task (the Manchester Attachment Story Task, MCAST) and a drawing task (the Family Drawing Task, FDT), in a clinical sample of 51 and a community sample of 45 Korean children aged 7-9. In both samples, attachment classifications derived from the MCAST were related to attachment classifications and global ratings derived from the FDT. In addition, rates of insecure attachment determined by MCAST classifications and by FDT global scales indicative of insecure attachment were higher in the clinical sample than the community sample...
September 4, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865397/the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-attachment-and-internalizing-behaviors-in-a-diversion-program-for-child-to-mother-violence
#8
Eva Nowakowski-Sims, Amanda Rowe
Very little research has been conducted on the role of childhood adversity in child-to-parent violence. Childhood adversity places youth at risk for internalizing behaviors (i.e. anxiety and depression) and externalizing behaviors (i.e. aggression). The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between childhood adversity, child-mother attachment, and internalizing behaviors among a sample of 80 youth who have been arrested for domestic battery against a mother. This study reported high prevalence rates of childhood adversity (mean score of 10 out of 17 events)...
August 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857063/rural-recruitment-and-retention-of-health-workers-across-cadres-and-types-of-contract-in-north-east-india-a-qualitative-study
#9
Preety R Rajbangshi, Devaki Nambiar, Nandini Choudhury, Krishna D Rao
Background Like many other low- and middle-income countries, India faces challenges of recruiting and retaining health workers in rural areas. Efforts have been made to address this through contractual appointment of health workers in rural areas. While this has helped to temporarily bridge the gaps in human resources, the overall impact on the experience of rural services across cadres has yet to be understood. This study sought to identify motivations for, and the challenges of, rural recruitment and retention of nurses, doctors and specialists across types of contract in rural and remote areas in India's largely rural north-eastern states of Meghalaya and Nagaland...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841921/growing-up-hiv-positive-in-uganda-psychological-immunodeficiency-a-qualitative-study
#10
Birthe Loa Knizek, James Mugisha, Joseph Osafo, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: This study is part of a longitudinal study among children and adolescents with HIV in both urban and rural Uganda: 'Mental health among HIV infected CHildren and Adolescents in KAmpala and Masaka, Uganda (CHAKA)'. METHOD: The study is constructed of both quantitative and qualitative components. In this article we report a qualitative study on the experiences of 21 adolescents (twelve to seventeen years) living with HIV in Uganda. The purpose of the study was to investigate both the protective and the risk factors in HIV-infected adolescents' care environment in order to understand what might contribute to negative outcomes and what might provide a protective buffer against harmful life events...
August 25, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837949/adult-attachment-predicts-the-seven-year-course-of-recurrent-depression-in-primary-care
#11
Henk Jan Conradi, Jan H Kamphuis, Peter de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory posits that attachment has a persistent, long-term impact on depression. Empirical data on associations between adult attachment and the long-term course of depression is, however, scarce. The present study addresses this omission. METHOD: Primary care patients with a history of depression (n = 103) completed the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire measuring adult attachment dimensions (avoidance and anxiety) and styles (secure, preoccupied, dismissing and fearful)...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833408/suicide-crisis-syndrome-mediates-the-relationship-between-long-term-risk-factors-and-lifetime-suicidal-phenomena
#12
Lisa Janet Cohen, Firouz Ardalan, Zimri Yaseen, Igor Galynker
In recent years, there has been growing attention to the distinction between acute and long-term suicidal risk factors. We have previously characterized an acute, negative affect state, termed the suicide crisis syndrome (SCS), as a marker of near-term suicidal risk. Here, we test whether documented long-term risk factors (i.e., trait vulnerabilities), including perfectionism, impulsivity, chronic substance abuse, insecure attachment, poor social support, and childhood trauma, associate to suicidal phenomena through a pathway of the SCS...
August 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832982/mothers-physiological-and-affective-responding-to-infant-distress-unique-antecedents-of-avoidant-and-resistant-attachments
#13
Ashley M Groh, Cathi Propper, Roger Mills-Koonce, Ginger A Moore, Susan Calkins, Martha Cox
In a sample of 127 mother-infant dyads, this study examined the predictive significance of mothers' physiological and observed emotional responding within distressing and nondistressing caregiving contexts at 6 months for infant attachment assessed with Fraley and Spieker's (2003) dimensional approach and the categorical approach at 12 months. Findings revealed that a lesser degree of maternal respiratory sinus arrhythmia withdrawal and higher levels of maternal neutral (vs. positive) affect within distressing (vs...
August 21, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818734/the-predictors-of-perceived-social-support-among-former-foster-youth
#14
Andrew Zinn, Ashley N Palmer, Eunji Nam
Based on a 5-wave panel survey of 732 foster youth, the current study examined the respective relationships between foster youths' individual characteristics, youths' social connections with individuals and formal institutions, and the development of perceived social support across the transition to adulthood. Several youth characteristics - including self-reported delinquency and attachment insecurity - were found to be statistically significantly associated with perceived social support. Attachment insecurity also appeared to mediate the relationships between social support and several other youth-level characteristics, including prior placement disruptions and placement with relatives...
August 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815358/friendship-attachment-style-moderates-the-effect-of-adolescent-exposure-to-violence-on-emerging-adult-depression-and-anxiety-trajectories
#15
Justin E Heinze, Stephanie H Cook, Erica P Wood, Anne C Dumadag, Marc A Zimmerman
Exposure to violence during adolescence is associated with increased risk behaviors and mental health problems in adulthood. Friendship attachment during adolescence may, however, mitigate the negative effects of exposure to violence on trajectories of depression and anxiety in young adulthood. In this study, we used growth curve modeling to examine associations between exposure to violence and mental health outcomes, followed by multi-group analyses with friendship attachment as the moderator. The sample was drawn from a longitudinal study (12 waves; 1994-2012) of 676 (54% female) urban high school students...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813293/effects-of-relationship-functioning-on-the-biological-experience-of-stress-and-physical-health
#16
REVIEW
Allison K Farrell, Jeffry A Simpson
In this paper, we outline how relationship functioning affects the biological experience of stress and its consequences for physical health. Negative relationship perceptions and processes, such as attachment insecurity, hostility, and frequent conflict, tend to heighten stress responses and generate worse health over time, whereas positive relationship perceptions and processes, such as responsiveness, support, and intimacy, are generally associated with reduced or buffered stress responses and improved health (with some caveats)...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813289/the-transition-to-parenthood-impact-on-couples-romantic-relationships
#17
REVIEW
Brian D Doss, Galena K Rhoades
The birth of the first baby-often referred to as the transition to parenthood (TTP)-is both a time of great joy and great stress for new parents. Although the literature is mixed, the preponderance of evidence suggests that the TTP has a negative effect on relationship functioning for most couples. However, as children age, the relationship functioning of parents and non-parents converge. Notably, there are important moderators of this average trajectory; couples with higher levels of pre-birth relationship problems, insecurely attached parents, temperamentally difficult infants, and TTP following biological birth rather than adoption are associated with larger post-birth declines...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813288/adult-attachment-stress-and-romantic-relationships
#18
REVIEW
Jeffry A Simpson, W Steven Rholes
In this article, we discuss theory and research on how individuals who have insecure adult romantic attachment orientations typically think, feel, and behave when they or their romantic partners encounter certain types of chronic or acute stress. We first review basic principles of attachment theory and then discuss how two forms of attachment insecurity-anxiety and avoidance-are associated with unique patterns of emotion regulation in response to certain types of threatening/distressing situations. We then discuss a Diathesis-Stress Process Model that has guided our research, highlighting studies that provide support for certain pathways of the model...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810503/two-is-a-perfect-number-patient-doctor-relationship-and-patient-attachment-style-in-palliative-care
#19
Iwona Zaporowska-Stachowiak, Katarzyna Stachowiak, Katarzyna Stachnik
We tested the association between the palliative patient's attachment style and the patient-doctor relationship, by means of Revised Adult Attachment Scale and a self-designed, patient-doctor relationship questionnaire. The study included 110 (52 M, 58 F) cancer, hospice patients, aged 36-80 years. We observed 54 percent of secure, 18 percent of dismissive, 9 percent of preoccupied, and 19 percent of fearful styles. Securely attached patients developed significantly ( p < .05) better relationships with doctors than insecure patients...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803040/attachment-and-thought-problems-in-an-adolescent-inpatient-sample-the-mediational-role-of-theory-of-mind
#20
Jessica R Hart, Amanda Venta, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND: Previous research has documented increased incidence of insecure attachment and theory of mind (ToM) deficits in individuals experiencing psychotic disorders. ToM has been theorized as a possible mediator of the relation between attachment and psychosis (Korver-Nieberg et al., 2014). The current study sought to extend this area of research to adolescents for the first time by examining adolescent-parent attachment and ToM in inpatient adolescents. METHODS: Participants were 362 inpatient adolescents and their parents; participants completed the Child Attachment Interview, Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition, Youth Self Report, and Child Behavior Checklist...
July 13, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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