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Insecure attachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140759/adult-profiles-of-child-sexual-abuse-survivors-attachment-insecurity-sexual-compulsivity-and-sexual-avoidance
#1
Chloe Labadie, Natacha Godbout, Marie-Pier Vaillancourt-Morel, Stéphane Sabourin
The present study examined the possibility of different groups of CSA survivors based on their different patterns of attachment and sexual problems. A sample of 324 CSA survivors and 484 participants who did not report any child maltreatment experiences completed online questionnaires. A cluster analysis on attachment and sexual outcomes revealed that CSA survivors formed two distinct profiles. The first profile included CSA survivors with elevated attachment anxiety and low to moderate scores on attachment avoidance, sexual compulsion, and sexual avoidance...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105563/challenges-related-to-migration-and-child-attachment-a-pilot-study-with-south-asian-immigrant-mother-child-dyads
#2
Vanessa Lecompte, Diana Miconi, Cécile Rousseau
This pilot study examined psychological, social and cultural risk factors for child insecure attachment in a sample of South Asian immigrant families experiencing high migration stress in Montreal, Canada. Thirty-three participants were recruited through a local Health and Social Service organization. Maternal anxiety and depression, social support, and national and religious sense of belonging were assessed. Child attachment behaviors were coded from a 15 min free play period. Results indicated that maternal depressive symptoms were related to lower child attachment security scores...
November 6, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067840/the-relationships-between-problematic-internet-use-alexithymia-levels-and-attachment-characteristics-in-a-sample-of-adolescents-in-a-high-school-turkey
#3
Nurullah Bolat, Mesut Yavuz, Kayı Eliaçık, Adil Zorlu
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships between attachment characteristics, alexithymia and problematic internet use (PIU) in adolescents. The study was performed on 444 high school students (66% female and 34% male). Internet Addiction Test (IAT), Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and Short Form of the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (s-IPPA) scales were used. The adolescents who scored ≥50 on IAT were considered as the PIU group and <50 were considered as control group. There was a moderate positive relationship between TAS-20 and IAT scores (r = ...
October 25, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058930/nr3c1-methylation-as-a-moderator-of-the-effects-of-maternal-support-and-stress-on-insecure-attachment-development
#4
Guy Bosmans, Jami F Young, Benjamin L Hankin
We examined the prediction that the interaction between Glucocorticoid Receptor Gene (NR3C1) methylation, stress, and experienced maternal support predicts anxious and avoidant attachment development. This was tested in a general population sample of 487 children and adolescents (44% boys, Mage = 11.84, SDage = 2.4). These children were followed over a period of 18 months. In line with the prediction, we found that NR3C1 methylation moderates the effect of maternal support during stress on anxious attachment development 18 months later...
October 23, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044580/low-oxytocin-levels-are-related-to-alexithymia-in-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Cindy Schmelkin, Franziska Plessow, Jennifer J Thomas, Emily K Gray, Dean A Marengi, Reitumetse Pulumo, Lisseth Silva, Karen K Miller, Nouchine Hadjikhani, Debra L Franko, Kamryn T Eddy, Elizabeth A Lawson
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa is associated with social-emotional functioning deficits and low levels of the social neurohormone oxytocin, even after weight gain. The relationship between low oxytocin levels and social-emotional functioning impairment has not been studied. METHOD: We performed a cross-sectional study of 79 women (19 who were less than 85% of ideal body weight [IBW] with anorexia nervosa [AN], 26 who were 90-120% IBW with a history of AN [AN-WR], and 34 who were 90-120% IBW with no eating disorder history [H])...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039706/associations-of-self-presentation-on-facebook-with-mental-health-and-personality-variables-a-systematic-review
#6
Conal Twomey, Gary O'Reilly
Many investigations of the associations of self-presentation on Facebook with mental health and personality variables exist, but their findings have not yet been synthetized. We therefore carried out a narrative synthesis of 21 observational studies (combined N = 7,573) obtained from a systematic search of four academic databases. Significant self-presentation associations were yielded for self-esteem, perceived social support, social anxiety, well-being, depression, bipolar/mania, stress, self-consciousness, and insecure attachment...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988437/the-impact-of-blamer-softening-on-romantic-attachment-in-emotionally-focused-couples-therapy
#7
Melissa Burgess Moser, Susan M Johnson, Tracy L Dalgleish, Stephanie A Wiebe, Giorgio A Tasca
Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT; Johnson, ) treats relationship distress by targeting couples' relationship-specific attachment insecurity. In this study, we used hierarchical linear modeling (Singer & Willett, ) to examine intercept and slope discontinuities in softened couples' trajectories of change in relationship satisfaction and relationship-specific attachment over the course of therapy from a total sample of 32 couples. Softened couples (n = 16) reported a significant increase in relationship satisfaction and a significant decrease in attachment avoidance at the softening session...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988283/determinants-of-child-attachment-in-the-years-postpartum-in-a-high-risk-sample-of-immigrant-women
#8
Vanessa Lecompte, Cécile Rousseau
Our goal was to examine maternal mental health and associated stresses in a sample of high-risk immigrant mothers, and its association with child insecure attachment in the years following childbirth. Mothers and their child (Mage = 37 months) were recruited through a Health and Social Service organization in the Parc-Extension neighborhood in Montreal, Quebec. Mothers completed the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MPSS) and a sociodemographic questionnaire that included questions on premature delivery and birth weight...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959921/a-short-term-longitudinal-study-of-correlates-and-sequelae-of-attachment-security-in-autism
#9
Agata Rozga, Erik Hesse, Mary Main, Robbie Duschinsky, Leila Beckwith, Marian Sigman
In this short-term longitudinal study, 30 preschool-aged children with autism were first observed in Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure and, separately, interacting with the primary caregiver in the home. One year later, each child completed both a developmental assessment and an observational assessment of empathic responding. Behaviors typical for children with autism were distinguished from behaviors suggestive of relationally based attachment disorganization. Forty-five percent of the children were classified as securely attached...
September 29, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956936/teacher-child-dependency-and-teacher-sensitivity-predict-engagement-of-children-with-attachment-problems
#10
Jantine L Spilt, Eleonora Vervoort, Karine Verschueren
It is suggested that dependent teacher-child relationships are associated with emotional insecurity and a lack of autonomous exploration that interferes with children's school development. This might be especially observed among children with attachment problems who may have developed a profound sense of insecurity in relationships with others. In this study, the effects of dependency on children's classroom and peer engagement were examined as well as the protective role of teacher sensitivity. The sample included 85 Belgian children with mild to severe attachment problems and 70 teachers from special education schools...
September 28, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949306/adult-attachment-style-and-suicidality
#11
Mario Miniati, Antonio Callari, Stefano Pini
BACKGROUND: There is evidence in the literature that adverse early attachment experiences and subsequent attachment insecurities during adulthood would lead to pessimism, low self-esteem, hopelessness and, ultimately, to suicide risk. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This paper aims to review finding on the link between attachment style and suicidality. We searched the literature using the database of the U.S. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)-MedLine/Pubmed system from January 1992 until December 2016...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948864/artificial-neural-network-coding-of-the-child-attachment-interview-using-linguistic-data
#12
Amanda Venta, Ericka Ball Cooper, Yael Shmueli-Goetz, Carla Sharp
Assessing attachment in adolescents is important due to relations between insecurity and psychopathology. The child attachment interview (CAI) holds promise in this regard, but is time-consuming to code, which may render it inaccessible. The aim of this study was to develop computerized neural network models to predict attachment classifications on the CAI and to determine whether the models could achieve the CAI's benchmark qualification of 80% on reliability training cases. Four hundred and ninety interviews from inpatient adolescents served as model training and testing samples...
September 26, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936817/-assessment-of-adolescent-attachment-styles-via-narrative-responses-to-the-thematic-stimulus
#13
Zeynep Tüzün, Gonca Soygüt
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research is to develop a new protocol with a projective test and qualitative assessment approach for investigating mental representations effective for the formation of attachment styles and to examine its psychometric properties. METHOD: Thirty-three adolescents who admitted to the Division of Adolescent Medicine of Hacettepe University participated to the study. The Adolescent Attachment Protocol (AAP) and Relationship Styles Questionnaire (RSQ) were used...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936187/parent-child-discrepancy-on-children-s-body-weight-perception-the-role-of-attachment-security
#14
Arcangelo Uccula, Gianfranco Nuvoli
The discrepancies between parents and their children on the description of the behavior and representations of their children have been shown in various studies. Other researchers have reported the parents' difficulty in correctly identifying the weight status of their children. The purpose of our study was to investigate the parent's attributional accuracy on their children's body weight perception in relation to the children attachment security. It was hypothesized that insecure children's parents have a greater discrepancy with their children compared to secure children with their parents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936108/changing-internal-representations-of-self-and-other-philosophical-tools-for-the-attachment-informed-psychotherapy-with-perpetrators-and-victims-of-violence
#15
Alexandra Pârvan
Attachment research shows that the formation of unconscious, insecure representations of the self, the other, and the self-other relations is linked to perpetration and receipt of violence. Attachment-focused therapy aims to change these internal schemata to more secure, adaptive representations by therapeutic work addressed to senses, emotions, and behavior. The paper proposes a new approach to altering the self and other representations in offenders and victims: it involves intellectual reflection on self, will, action and responsibility informed by Augustine's views, facilitated by actual relational experience, and translated into a distinct self-soothing strategy...
September 2017: Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology: PPP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925329/reflective-functioning-maternal-attachment-mind-mindedness-and-emotional-availability-in-adolescent-and-adult-mothers-at-infant-3-months
#16
Cristina Riva Crugnola, Elena Ierardi, Maria Paola Canevini
The study evaluated reflective functioning (RF), maternal attachment, mind-mindedness, and emotional availability among 44 adolescent mother-infant dyads and 41 adult mother-infant dyads. At infant age 3 months, mother-infant interaction was coded with the mind-mindedness coding system and Emotional Availability Scales; mother attachment and RF were evaluated with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). Adolescent mothers (vs. adult mothers) were more insecure and had lower RF; they were also less sensitive, more intrusive and hostile, and less structuring of their infant's activity; they used fewer attuned mind-related comments and fewer mind-related comments appropriate to infant development...
September 19, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918685/executive-functions-and-attachment-relationships-in-children-with-adhd-links-to-externalizing-internalizing-problems-social-skills-and-negative-mood-regulation
#17
Michal Al-Yagon, Dovrat Forte, Lital Avrahami
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical models suggest multiple underlying pathways for ADHD and multiple risk factors' co-occurrence as impairing this population's affective, interpersonal, and behavioral adjustment. After comparing groups' executive functioning (EF) difficulties and attachment security with each parent, this study primarily aimed to examine four risk factors (ADHD, child-father attachment, child-mother attachment, EF) as possibly explaining children's socioemotional/behavioral measures (externalizing/internalizing behavior, social skills, negative mood regulation)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891785/attachment-style-moderates-effects-of-fkbp5-polymorphisms-and-childhood-abuse-on-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#18
Amanda J F Tamman, Lauren M Sippel, Shizhong Han, Yuval Neria, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Joel Gelernter, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVES: To determine the main and interactive effects of four FKBP5 polymorphisms (rs9296158, rs3800373, rs1360780, and rs9470080), childhood abuse, and attachment style in predicting severity of PTSD symptoms in two independent, nationally representative samples of U.S. military veterans. METHODS: Data were analyzed from two independent samples of European American (EA) U.S. military veterans who participated in the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (N = 1,585 and 577 respectively)...
September 11, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885733/attachment-styles-pain-intensity-and-emotional-variables-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#19
Cecilia Peñacoba, Soledad Perez-Calvo, Sheila Blanco, Lucía Sanroman
This study aims to explore the relations between attachment styles and pain intensity and certain emotional variables (anxiety, depression and alexithymia) in a sample of fibromyalgia patients, in comparison with healthy women. Data were collected from 146 women with fibromyalgia and 122 healthy women. The variables studied were attachment style, pain intensity, anxiety, depression and alexithymia dimensions. Patients with fibromyalgia showed lower percentages of secure attachment style (69.9% vs. 86%) whilst showing higher avoidant attachment (19...
September 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883918/predicting-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-individuals-with-eating-disorder-symptoms
#20
Lot C Sternheim, Martin Fisher, Amy Harrison, Rosamond Watling
BACKGROUND: Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is recognized for its contribution to various psychopathologies, in particular anxiety and depression. Studies highlight the relevance of IU for Eating Disorders (EDs) however, potential factors contributing to IU in EDs remain unstudied. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-nine women with ED symptoms and 214 individuals without ED symptoms were recruited and compared on levels of IU, insecure (anxious and avoidant) attachment styles, extraversion and openness...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
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