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Schizoid personality disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735566/attachment-and-personality-disorders-among-child-molesters-the-role-of-trust
#1
Carlo Garofalo, Stefan Bogaerts
The present study investigated multivariate associations between attachment styles and personality disorders (PDs)-and the mediating role of trust-in a sample of child molesters ( n = 84) and a matched control group from the general community ( n = 80). Among child molesters, canonical correlation analysis revealed that two variates resembling avoidant and anxious attachment dimensions were associated with PD traits. Attachment avoidance was related to schizoid, schizotypal, and avoidant PDs, with a marginal contribution of antisocial PD...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699102/-the-concept-of-schizoidia-in-psychiatry-from-schizoidia-to-schizotypy-and-cluster%C3%A2-a-personality-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Hans-Peter Kapfhammer
From a perspective of conceptual evolution schizoidia was initially considered to describe features both of the premorbid personality of schizophrenic patients and of the personalities of non-psychotic family members (Bleuler, Kahlbaum, Kraepelin). On a psychopatholocial level a close link to the complex basic symptom of autism was stressed. From the very beginnings of modern psychiatry schizoidia was discussed within a conceptual frame of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (Kretschmer, Hoch, Polatin). Approaches to operationalize these conceptual works laid the basis for the cluster A personalities in DSM-III...
July 11, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631974/personality-disorders-are-not-as-we-thought-hierarchical-factor-structure-at-the-criterion-level
#3
Ana Muñoz-Champel, Fernando Gutiérrez, Josep M Peri, Rafael Torrubia
The use of personality disorder (PD) categories persists, despite the evidence against them. An often overlooked reason for this is the fact that the true structure underlying the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) taxonomy is still unknown: We cannot be certain which disorders are valid, and which ones are arbitrary mixtures of heterogeneous traits. To address this gap, we factor analyzed the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire (PDQ-4+; Hyler, 1994 ) at the criterion level in a mixed clinical and nonclinical sample of 2,519 individuals...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526631/mating-strategies-and-sexual-functioning-in-personality-disorders-a%C3%A2-comprehensive-review-of-literature
#4
REVIEW
Alberto Collazzoni, Giacomo Ciocca, Erika Limoncin, Carmela Marucci, Daniele Mollaioli, Stefania Di Sante, Giorgio Di Lorenzo, Cinzia Niolu, Alberto Siracusano, Mario Maggi, Giovanni Castellini, Alessandro Rossi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Personality disorders impair several aspects of intrapsychic and interpersonal life. In particular, mating strategies and sexual functioning could manifest in different and/or dysfunctional ways in people with personality disorders. AIM: To describe, through a comprehensive review of the literature, the mating strategies and sexual functioning in patients with personality disorders. METHODS: We listed and discussed the principal studies on the relation between mating strategies and sexual functioning in personality disorders...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513342/integration-in-the-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-of-severe-personality-disorders-the-conversational-model
#5
Joan Haliburn, Janine Stevenson, Shaun Halovic
The psychotherapy of commonly occurring severe personality disorders-borderline, narcissistic, avoidant, dependent, obsessive compulsive, and schizoid-presents the therapist with a unique therapeutic challenge, as each personality disorder rarely occurs alone. Integration of what is most useful and what works in each model is being proposed to enable a more successful approach to the diversity of presentations. We describe the conversational model, some outcome research, and descriptive studies to illustrate this...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424380/-schizotypy-detachment-or-magical-fusion
#6
János Kállai, Mária Simon, István Hartung, Béla Birkás, Róbert Herold
Nowadays, both in the clinical population, and in general communities, we tend to encounter an increasing number of personality disorder patients, whose social adjustment, partnerships and efficient life management is made difficult by the disorder. The ideas of borderline personality disorder patients, who fluctuate between farfetched expectations and fears of their selves being demolished, schizoid patients, who close their selves in their own alienating prison, avoidant patients, who try to escape difficulties, which would enhance their self-esteem, OCD patients, who build their own mythic superstitious world, and antisocial patients who tend to ignore and aggressively override others' interests are all important in the development of cultures with insecure identities...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414014/do-dsm-5-section-ii-personality-disorders-and-section-iii-personality-trait-domains-reflect-the-same-genetic-and-environmental-risk-factors
#7
T Reichborn-Kjennerud, R F Krueger, E Ystrom, F A Torvik, T H Rosenström, S H Aggen, S C South, M C Neale, G P Knudsen, K S Kendler, N O Czajkowski
BACKGROUND: DSM-5 includes two conceptualizations of personality disorders (PDs). The classification in Section II is identical to the one found in DSM-IV, and includes 10 categorical PDs. The Alternative Model (Section III) includes criteria for dimensional measures of maladaptive personality traits organized into five domains. The degree to which the two conceptualizations reflect the same etiological factors is not known. METHODS: We use data from a large population-based sample of adult twins from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health Twin Panel on interview-based DSM-IV PDs and a short self-report inventory that indexes the five domains of the DSM-5 Alternative Model plus a domain explicitly targeting compulsivity...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288440/schizophrenia-spectrum-personality-disorders-in-psychometrically-identified-schizotypes-at-two-year-follow-up
#8
P Kevin Bolinskey, Elizabeth A Smith, Kelly M Schuder, Dianna Cooper-Bolinskey, Kevin R Myers, Daniel V Hudak, Alison V James, Helen K Hunter, Jonathan H Novi, Janice P Guidi, Yelena Gonzalez, Erin F McTiernan, Kaitlin M Arnold, Carina A Iati, Irving I Gottesman
Earlier (Bolinskey et al., 2015), we reported that psychometrically identified schizotypes displayed greater symptom levels and higher incidences of schizophrenia spectrum (schizotypal, schizoid, paranoid, and avoidant) personality disorders (PDs). In this study, 49 schizotypes and 39 matched controls participated in follow-up assessments after two years. Participants were previously identified as schizotypes or controls based on scores on the Chapman Psychosis Proneness Scales (CPPS), and were interviewed at baseline and follow-up with the Personality Disorder Interview for DSM-IV (PDI-IV)...
June 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849364/assessment-of-dsm-5-section-ii-personality-disorders-with-the-mmpi-2-rf-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#9
Martin Sellbom, Alexander Smith
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008 / 2011 ) is frequently used in clinical practice. However, there has been a dearth of literature on how well this instrument can assess symptoms associated with personality disorders (PDs). This investigation examined a range of hypothesized MMPI-2-RF scales in predicting PD symptoms. We evaluated these associations in a sample of 397 university students who had been administered the MMPI-2-RF and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders-Personality Questionnaire (First, Gibbon, Spitzer, Williams, & Benjamin, 1997 )...
July 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761641/impulse-control-behaviors-and-subthalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-in-parkinson-disease
#10
Aristide Merola, Alberto Romagnolo, Laura Rizzi, Mario Giorgio Rizzone, Maurizio Zibetti, Michele Lanotte, George Mandybur, Andrew P Duker, Alberto J Espay, Leonardo Lopiano
To determine the clinical and demographic correlates of persistent, remitting, and new-onset impulse control behaviors (ICBs) before and after subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD). We compared the pre- and post-surgical prevalence of ICBs, classified as impulse control disorders (ICD), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS), and punding in 150 consecutive PD STN-DBS-treated patients and determined the association with motor, cognitive, neuropsychological, and neuropsychiatric endpoints...
January 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537187/a-case-study-of-paternal-filicide-suicide-personality-disorder-motives-and-victim-choice
#11
F Declercq, R Meganck, K Audenaert
Although evidence with respect to its prevalence is mixed, it is clear that fathers perpetrate a serious proportion of filicide. There also seems to be a consensus that paternal filicide has attracted less research attention than its maternal counterpart and is therefore less well understood. National registries are a very rich source of data, but they generally provide limited information about the perpetrator as psychiatric, psychological and behavioral data are often lacking. This paper presents a fully documented case of a paternal filicide...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535345/structural-alterations-of-the-pyramidal-pathway-in-schizoid-and-schizotypal-cluster-a-personality-disorders
#12
Esther Via, Carles Orfila, Carla Pedreño, Antoni Rovira, José M Menchón, Narcís Cardoner, Diego J Palao, Carles Soriano-Mas, Jordi E Obiols
AIM: Schizoid (ScPD) and Schizotypal (SPD) personality disorders are rare and severe disorders. They are associated with high liability to schizophrenia and present an attenuated form of its negative symptoms, which are considered a putative endophenotype for schizophrenia. The trans-diagnostic study of negative symptoms in non-psychotic populations such as ScPD/SPD might provide useful markers of a negative-symptom domain; however, little is known about their neurobiological substrates...
August 14, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448261/personality-disorders-and-smoking-in-spanish-general-and-clinical-population
#13
Elena Fernández Del Río, Ana López-Durán, Úrsula Martínez, Elisardo Becoña
BACKGROUND: There is consistent evidence about the relationship between smoking and mental health. This study compares the relationship between tobacco use and personality disorders (PDs) in Spanish adults from general and clinical population, taking into account nicotine dependence (ND), and the presence of any mental disorder. METHOD: The sample was made up of 1,079 smokers (519 from general population, 560 from clinical population). PDs were assessed by means of the International Personality Disorder Examination Questionnaire, Module DSM-IV...
August 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245936/the-prevalence-age-distribution-and-comorbidity-of-personality-disorders-in-australian-women
#14
Shae E Quirk, Michael Berk, Julie A Pasco, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Andrew M Chanen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Lisa M Burke, Henry J Jackson, Carol Hulbert, Craig A Olsson, Paul Moran, Amanda L Stuart, Lana J Williams
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the prevalence and age distribution of personality disorders and their comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders in an age-stratified sample of Australian women aged ⩾25 years. METHODS: Individual personality disorders (paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, histrionic, narcissistic, borderline, antisocial, avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive), lifetime mood, anxiety, eating and substance misuse disorders were diagnosed utilising validated semi-structured clinical interviews (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Research Version, Non-patient Edition and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders)...
February 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27082828/personality-disorder-in-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-attrition-and-change-during-long-term-treatment
#15
Thomas E Gift, Frederick W Reimherr, Barrie K Marchant, Tammy A Steans, Paul H Wender
Personality disorders (PDs) are commonly found in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are associated with increased ADHD symptoms and psychosocial impairment. To assess the impact of PDs or personality traits on retention rates in ADHD trials and whether treating ADHD affects the expression of PD, data were analyzed from 2 methylphenidate trials. Assessment of PDs and personality traits included using the Wisconsin Personality Disorders Inventory IV and the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Personality Disorders...
May 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26986959/disorganized-attachment-and-personality-functioning-in-adults-a-latent-class-analysis
#16
Joseph E Beeney, Aidan G C Wright, Stephanie D Stepp, Michael N Hallquist, Sophie A Lazarus, Julie R S Beeney, Lori N Scott, Paul A Pilkonis
Though researchers have attended to disorganized attachment in infants and children, they have infrequently focused on the character of disorganized attachment in adults. In this study, we aimed to identify clusters of participants based on attachment levels and styles, seeking to better delineate severity and stylistic differences in disorganized attachment than has been previously articulated. We used a new assessment approach focused on a hierarchy of attachment organization, including secure, insecure (dismissive and preoccupied), rigid-controlling (hostile control and compulsive caregiving), and disorganized (contradictory, impoverished, and unresolved) levels of attachment...
July 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26975362/personality-traits-in-patients-with-cluster-headache-a-comparison-with-migraine-patients
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
I Muñoz, M S Hernández, S Santos, C Jurado, L Ruiz, E Toribio, E M Sotelo, A L Guerrero, V Molina, F Uribe, M L Cuadrado
BACKGROUND: Cluster headache (CH) has been associated with certain personality traits and lifestyle features, but there are few studies assessing personality profiles in CH. We aimed to analyze personality traits in patients with CH, and to compare them with those found in migraine. METHODS: We included all consecutive patients with CH attending 5 outpatient offices between January and December 2013. Personality traits were evaluated using the Salamanca screening test, a validated inventory assessing 11 personality traits grouped in 3 clusters...
2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923999/-aripiprazole-gambling-disorder-and-compulsive-sexuality
#18
D Mété, C Dafreville, V Paitel, P Wind
INTRODUCTION: Aripiprazole, an atypical or second-generation antipsychotic, is usually well tolerated. It is an approved treatment for schizophrenia and mania in bipolar disorder type 1. Unlike the other antipsychotics, it has high affinity agonist properties for dopamine D2 and D3 receptors. It has also 5-HT1A partial agonist and 5-HT2A antagonist properties. Aripiprazole is a first or second line treatment frequently used because it has reduced side effects such as weight gain, sleepiness, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hyperprolactinemia and extrapyramidal symptoms...
June 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26827120/-problematic-internet-use-time-spent-online-and-personality-traits
#19
S Laconi, A Andréoletti, E Chauchard, R F Rodgers, H Chabrol
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction or problematic Internet use is a recent and increasingly recognized disorder which has been consistently associated with many psychiatric disorders, adding to the documented negative consequences of problematic Internet use. However, very few studies have examined the relationship between problematic Internet use and personality traits and none in a French sample. Moreover, those which have evaluated this relationship have mainly been conducted on small samples...
June 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26802780/severity-of-cortical-thinning-correlates-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-symptoms
#20
Rebecca E Watsky, Katharine Ludovici Pollard, Deanna Greenstein, Lorie Shora, Diane Dillard-Broadnax, Peter Gochman, Liv S Clasen, Rebecca A Berman, Judith L Rapoport, Nitin Gogtay, Anna E Ordóñez
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between regional cortical gray matter thinning and symptoms of schizophrenia spectrum personality disorders (PDs) in siblings of patients with childhood-onset schizophrenia (COS). METHOD: A total of 66 siblings of patients with COS were assessed for symptoms of schizophrenia spectrum PDs (avoidant, paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal). Structural magnetic resonance images were obtained at approximately 2-year intervals from the siblings and from 62 healthy volunteers matched for age, sex, ethnicity, and handedness...
February 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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