keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Uganda

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163976/availability-prices-and-affordability-of-un-commission-s-lifesaving-medicines-for-reproductive-and-maternal-health-in-uganda
#1
Denis Kibira, Freddy Eric Kitutu, Gemma Buckland Merrett, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse
Background: Uganda was one of seven countries in which the United Nations Commission on Life Saving Commodities (UNCoLSC) initiative was implemented starting from 2013. A nationwide survey was conducted in 2015 to determine availability, prices and affordability of essential UNCoLSC maternal and reproductive health (MRH) commodities. Methods: The survey at health facilities in Uganda was conducted using an adapted version of the standardized methodology co-developed by World Health Organisation (WHO) and Health Action International (HAI)...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162065/from-policy-to-practice-exploring-the-implementation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-access-and-retention-policies-between-2013-and-2016-in-six-sub-saharan-african-countries
#2
Julie Ambia, Jenny Renju, Alison Wringe, Jim Todd, Eveline Geubbels, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Mark Urassa, Tom Lutalo, Amelia C Crampin, Daniel Kwaro, Catherine Kyobutungi, Natsayi Chimbindi, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Malebogo Tlhajoane, Brian Njamwea, Basia Zaba, Paul Mee
BACKGROUND: Understanding the implementation of 2013 World Health Organization (WHO) consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection at the facility level provides important lessons for the roll-out of future HIV policies. METHODS: A national policy review was conducted in six sub-Saharan African countries to map the inclusion of the 2013 WHO HIV treatment recommendations. Twenty indicators of policy adoption were selected to measure ART access (n = 12) and retention (n = 8)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162063/elevated-aspergillus-specific-antibody-levels-among-hiv-infected-ugandans-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#3
Richard Kwizera, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi, Iain D Page, Christine Sekaggya-Wiltshire, Joseph Musaazi, Jan Fehr, Barbara Castelnuovo, Andrew Kambugu, David W Denning
BACKGROUND: The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) is high among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected Ugandans. Recent evidence suggests that Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis and Aspergillus sensitisation might be responsible for significant mortality in patients treated for tuberculosis in Uganda. METHODS: We retrieved and tested paired serum aliquots for 101 HIV-TB co-infected patients at the beginning and week 24 of TB treatment. We tested samples for Aspergillus-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin E (IgE) using ImmunoCAP®; and Aspergillus-specific IgG and total serum IgE using Immulite® immunoassays...
November 21, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160792/cross-sectional-serological-survey-for-leptospira-spp-in-beef-and-dairy-cattle-in-two-districts-in-uganda
#4
Anou Dreyfus, Terence Odoch, Lordrick Alinaitwe, Sabrina Rodriguez-Campos, Amanuel Tsegay, Valentine Jaquier, Clovice Kankya
Seroprevalence of Leptospira spp. in cattle is unknown in Uganda. The aim of this study was to estimate the seroprevalence of L. interrogans Icterohaemorrhagiae, Pomona, L. kirschneri Butembo, Grippotyphosa, L. borgpetersenii Nigeria, Hardjo, Wolfii, and Kenya and an overall seroprevalence in cattle from Kole and Mbale districts. Two hundred-seventy five bovine sera from 130 small holder farms from Kole (n = 159) and Mbale (n = 116), collected between January and July 2015, were tested for antibodies against eight Leptospira strains by Microscopic Agglutination Test...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160115/linking-participatory-action-research-on-health-systems-to-justice-in-global-health-a-case-study-of-the-maternal-and-neonatal-implementation-for-equitable-health-systems-project-in-rural-uganda
#5
Bridget Pratt, Adnan A Hyder
An ethical framework called "research for health justice" provides initial guidance on how to link health systems research in low- and middle-income countries to health equity. To further develop the largely conceptual framework, we tested its guidance against the experience of the Maternal and Neonatal Implementation for Equitable Health Systems (Manifest) project, which was performed in rural Uganda by researchers from Makerere University. We conducted 21 in-depth interviews with investigators and research implementers, directly observed study sites, and reviewed study-related documents...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157211/alkaline-peptone-water-enrichment-with-a-dipstick-test-to-quickly-detect-and-monitor-cholera-outbreaks
#6
Godfrey Bwire, Christopher Garimoi Orach, Dauda Abdallah, Amanda Kay Debes, Atek Kagirita, Malathi Ram, David A Sack
BACKGROUND: Detection, confirmation and monitoring of cholera outbreaks in many developing countries including Uganda is a big challenge due to lack of the required resources and the time the test takes. Culture method which takes 24-48 h to get the feedback and requires highly skilled laboratory staff plus other complex resources is the standard test. This study evaluated the new cholera rapid detection method that relies on Crystal VC dipsticks after enrichment with alkaline peptone water (APW) against the culture method for monitoring the progress of cholera outbreaks in rural setting...
November 21, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155675/enhancing-workforce-capacity-to-improve-vaccination-data-quality-uganda
#7
Kirsten Ward, Kevin Mugenyi, Amalia Benke, Henry Luzze, Carol Kyozira, Ampeire Immaculate, Patricia Tanifum, Annet Kisakye, Peter Bloland, Adam MacNeil
In Uganda, vaccine dose administration data are often not available or are of insufficient quality to optimally plan, monitor, and evaluate program performance. A collaboration of partners aimed to address these key issues by deploying data improvement teams (DITs) to improve data collection, management, analysis, and use in district health offices and health facilities. During November 2014-September 2016, DITs visited all districts and 89% of health facilities in Uganda. DITs identified gaps in awareness and processes, assessed accuracy of data, and provided on-the-job training to strengthen systems and improve healthcare workers' knowledge and skills in data quality...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151235/how-the-urge-to-kill-feels-articulations-of-emic-appetitive-aggression-experiences-among-former-forcefully-recruited-children-and-youth-in-the-acholi-region-of-northern-uganda
#8
Helle Harnisch, Anett Pfeiffer
Based on 10 months of fieldwork in the Acholi region of northern Uganda among youth and adults who were forcefully recruited into the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) during the war, this article provides qualitative details to research on 'appetitive aggression.' Through two case-stories the article unfolds first person articulations of how 'appetitive aggression' is experienced as 'the urge to kill' and how it relates to the emic Acholi spiritual concept of 'cen'; a local Luo expression used to describe places and human beings possessed by evil spirits...
November 18, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151197/impact-of-the-dapivirine-vaginal-ring-on-sexual-experiences-and-intimate-partnerships-of-women-in-an-hiv-prevention-clinical-trial-managing-ring-detection-and-hot-sex
#9
Nicole D Laborde, Elizabeth Pleasants, Krishnaveni Reddy, Millicent Atujuna, Teopista Nakyanzi, Miria Chitukuta, Sarita Naidoo, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Jared M Baeten, Elizabeth T Montgomery
Vaginally-inserted HIV prevention methods have been reported to impact the sexual experience for women and their partners, and hence impacts acceptability of and adherence to the method. We analyzed in-depth interviews and focus group discussions about participants' sexual experiences while wearing the ring, collected during the MTN-020/ASPIRE phase 3 safety and effectiveness trial of a dapivirine vaginal ring for HIV prevention in Malawi, South Africa, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. Most women reported that partners did not feel the ring during sex, however, women felt they had to manage their partners' interaction with or reaction to the ring...
November 18, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149877/key-bottlenecks-to-the-provision-of-safe-obstetric-anaesthesia-in-low-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-64-hospitals-in-uganda
#10
Isabella Epiu, Agnes Wabule, Andrew Kambugu, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Jossy Verel Bahe Tindimwebwa, Gerald Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in surgery and anaesthesia which significantly improve safety, many health facilities in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) remain chronically under-resourced with inability to cope effectively with serious obstetric complications (Knight et al., PLoS One 8:e63846, 2013). As a result many of these countries still have unacceptably high maternal and neonatal mortality rates. Recent data at the national referral hospitals in East Africa reported that none of the national referral hospitals met the World Federation of Societies of Anesthesiologists (WFSA) international standards required to provide safe obstetric anaesthesia (Epiu I: Challenges of Anesthesia in Low-and Middle-Income Countries...
November 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149710/prevalence-and-sources-of-polychlorinated-biphenyls-in-the-atmospheric-environment-of-lake-victoria-east-africa
#11
Kenneth Arinaitwe, Derek C G Muir, Bernard T Kiremire, Phil Fellin, Henrik Li, Camilla Teixeira, Drake N Mubiru
The large surface area of Lake Victoria (about 68,800 km(2)) makes it vulnerable to high atmospheric deposition of chemical pollutants. We present measurements of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from the lake's atmospheric environment. High volume air (24 h) samples were collected within the northern Lake Victoria watershed in Uganda over two periods; 1999-2004 [at Kakira (KAK) and Entebbe (EBB)] and 2008-2010 (at EBB only). Precipitation samples were also collected monthly during the 2008-2010 period at EBB...
November 10, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149317/decision-space-for-health-workforce-management-in-decentralized-settings-a-case-study-in-uganda
#12
Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Joanna Raven, Sally Theobald, Freddie Ssengooba, Milly Nattimba, Tim Martineau
The aim of this paper is to improve understanding about how district health managers perceive and use their decision space for human resource management (HRM) and how this compares with national policies and regulatory frameworks governing HRM. The study builds upon work undertaken by PERFORM Research Consortium in Uganda using action-research to strengthen human resources management in the health sector. To assess the decision space that managers have in six areas of HRM (e.g. policy, planning, remuneration and incentives, performance management, education and information) the study compares the roles allocated by Uganda's policy and regulatory frameworks with the actual room for decision-making that district health managers perceive that they have...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149313/how-do-health-workers-experience-and-cope-with-shocks-learning-from-four-fragile-and-conflict-affected-health-systems-in-uganda-sierra-leone-zimbabwe-and-cambodia
#13
Sophie Witter, Haja Wurie, Pamela Chandiwana, Justine Namakula, Sovannarith So, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo, Freddie Ssengooba, Joanna Raven
This article is grounded in a research programme which set out to understand how to rebuild health systems post-conflict. Four countries were studied-Uganda, Sierra Leone, Zimbabwe and Cambodia-which were at different distances from conflict and crisis, as well as having unique conflict stories. During the research process, the Ebola epidemic broke out in West Africa. Zimbabwe has continued to face a profound economic crisis. Within our research on health worker incentives, we captured insights from 128 life histories and in-depth interviews with a variety of staff that had remained in service...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147054/service-readiness-of-health-facilities-in-bangladesh-haiti-kenya-malawi-namibia-nepal-rwanda-senegal-uganda-and-the-united-republic-of-tanzania
#14
Hannah H Leslie, Donna Spiegelman, Xin Zhou, Margaret E Kruk
Objective: To evaluate the service readiness of health facilities in Bangladesh, Haiti, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, Nepal, Rwanda, Senegal, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Methods: Using existing data from service provision assessments of the health systems of the 10 study countries, we calculated a service readiness index for each of 8443 health facilities. This index represents the percentage availability of 50 items that the World Health Organization considers essential for providing health care...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143674/the-role-of-human-rights-litigation-in-improving-access-to-reproductive-health-care-and-achieving-reductions-in-maternal-mortality
#15
Jennifer Templeton Dunn, Katherine Lesyna, Anna Zaret
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal health, reducing global maternal mortality, and working toward universal access to reproductive health care are global priorities for United Nations agencies, national governments, and civil society organizations. Human rights lawyers have joined this global movement, using international law and domestic constitutions to hold nations accountable for preventable maternal death and for failing to provide access to reproductive health care services. CASE PRESENTATION: This article discusses three decisions in which international treaty bodies find the nations of Brazil and Peru responsible for violations of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and also two domestic decisions alleging constitutional violations in India and Uganda...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143625/trends-in-hepatitis-b-virus-testing-practices-and-management-in-hiv-clinics-across-sub-saharan-africa
#16
REVIEW
Patrick A Coffie, Matthias Egger, Michael J Vinikoor, Marcel Zannou, Lameck Diero, Akouda Patassi, Mark H Kuniholm, Moussa Seydi, Guillaume Bado, Ponsiano Ocama, Monique I Andersson, Eugène Messou, Albert Minga, Philippa Easterbrook, Kathryn Anastos, François Dabis, Gilles Wandeler
BACKGROUND: Approximately 8% of HIV-infected individuals are co-infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Knowledge of HBV status is important to guide optimal selection of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and monitor/prevent liver-related complications. We describe changes in testing practices and management of HBV infection over a 3-year period in HIV clinics across SSA. METHODS: A medical chart review was conducted in large urban HIV treatment centers in Côte d'Ivoire (3 sites), Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Kenya, Senegal, South Africa, Togo, Uganda and Zambia (1 site each)...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143187/multi-locus-sequence-typing-of-african-swine-fever-viruses-from-endemic-regions-of-kenya-and-eastern-uganda-2011-2013-reveals-rapid-b602l-central-variable-region-evolution
#17
C K Onzere, A D Bastos, E A Okoth, J K Lichoti, E N Bochere, M G Owido, G Ndambuki, M Bronsvoort, R P Bishop
The central variable region (CVR) within the B602L gene of the African swine fever virus (ASFV) is highly polymorphic within the 23 ASFV genotypes defined by sequencing of the C-terminal end of the p72 locus. Sequencing the p54 gene further discriminates ASFV genotypes that are conserved at the p72 locus. Variation in the thymidine kinase locus is a novel additional tool for ASFV genotyping whose application for this purpose is described for the first time herein. We evaluated genetic variation at these four polymorphic loci in 39 ASFV isolates obtained from outbreaks in Kenya and a region of Eastern Uganda between 2011 and 2013...
November 15, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141768/rat-fall-surveillance-coupled-with-vector-control-and-community-education-as-a-plague-prevention-strategy-in-the-west-nile-region-uganda
#18
Karen A Boegler, Linda A Atiku, Russell E Enscore, Titus Apangu, Joseph Tendo Mpanga, Sarah Acayo, John Kaggwa, Paul S Mead, Brook M Yockey, Kiersten J Kugeler, Martin E Schriefer, Kalanthe Horiuchi, Kenneth L Gage, Rebecca J Eisen
Plague, primarily a disease of rodents, is most frequently transmitted by fleas and causes potentially fatal infections in humans. In Uganda, plague is endemic to the West Nile region. Primary prevention for plague includes control of rodent hosts or flea vectors, but targeting these efforts is difficult given the sporadic nature of plague epizootics in the region and limited resource availability. Here, we present a community-based strategy to detect and report rodent deaths (rat fall), an early sign of epizootics...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141723/emergence-epidemiology-and-transmission-dynamics-of-2009-pandemic-a-h1n1-influenza-in-kampala-uganda-2009-2015
#19
Matthew J Cummings, Barnabas Bakamutumaho, Wan Yang, Joseph F Wamala, John Kayiwa, Nicholas Owor, Barbara Namagambo, Timothy Byaruhanga, Allison Wolf, Julius J Lutwama, Jeffrey Shaman, Max R O'Donnell
In sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about the epidemiology of pandemic-prone influenza viruses in urban settings. Using data from a prospective sentinel surveillance network, we characterized the emergence, epidemiology, and transmission dynamics of 2009 pandemic A/H1N1 influenza (H1N1pdm09) in Kampala, Uganda. After virus introduction via international air travel from England in June 2009, we estimated the basic reproductive number in Kampala to be 1.06-1.13, corresponding to attack rates of 12-22%. We subsequently identified 613 cases of influenza in Kampala from 2009 to 2015, of which 191 (31...
October 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140521/prevalence-of-catatonia-and-its-moderators-in-clinical-samples-results-from-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis
#20
Marco Solmi, G Giorgio Pigato, Beatrice Roiter, Argentina Guaglianone, Luca Martini, Michele Fornaro, Francesco Monaco, Andrè F Carvalho, Brendon Stubbs, Nicola Veronese, Christoph U Correll
Catatonia is an independent syndrome that co-occurs with several mental and medical conditions. We performed a systematic literature review in PubMed/Scopus until February 2017 and meta-analyzed studies reporting catatonia prevalence. Across 74 studies (cross-sectional = 32, longitudinal = 26, retrospective = 16) providing data collected from 1935 to 2017 across all continents, mean catatonia prevalence was 9.0% (k = 80, n = 110764; 95% CI = 6.9-11.7, I2 = 98%, publication bias P < .01), decreasing to 7...
November 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
keyword
keyword
4796
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"