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Procrastination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883801/procrastinating-behavior-in-computer-based-learning-environments-to-predict-performance-a-case-study-in-moodle
#1
Rebeca Cerezo, María Esteban, Miguel Sánchez-Santillán, José C Núñez
Introduction: Research about student performance has traditionally considered academic procrastination as a behavior that has negative effects on academic achievement. Although there is much evidence for this in class-based environments, there is a lack of research on Computer-Based Learning Environments (CBLEs). Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate student behavior in a blended learning program and specifically procrastination behavior in relation to performance through Data Mining techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839386/gastric-trichobezoars-in-children-surgical-overview
#2
Alisha Gupta, Deepak Mittal, Maddur Srinivas
BACKGROUND: Development of trichobezoars in children is primarily a psychiatric issue more than a pediatric surgical ailment. A definite history of trichotillomania and trichophagia may or may not be elicited. Surgical removal is required in patients presenting with huge bezoars. Psychiatric follow-up is of utmost importance to avoid recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of children who were diagnosed and managed for the presence of gastric trichobezoars were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822334/reported-maladaptive-decision-making-in-unipolar-and-bipolar-depression-and-its-change-with-treatment
#3
Lara F Alexander, Alison Oliver, Lauren K Burdine, Yilang Tang, Boadie W Dunlop
Mood disorder patients frequently experience difficulty making decisions and may make sub-optimal decisions with adverse life consequences. However, patients' styles for decision-making when ill and after treatment have received little study to date. We assessed healthy controls (HC, n = 69) and patients with major depressive disorder (MDD, n = 61) or bipolar disorder (BP, n = 26) in a current major depressive episode using the Melbourne Decision-making Questionnaire. A subset of participants was re-evaluated after completing six weeks of pharmacotherapy...
August 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812973/parent-adolescent-attachment-and-procrastination-the-mediating-role-of-self-worth
#4
Bin-Bin Chen
Within the theoretical framework of attachment theory, the author examined associations between adolescents' procrastination and their attachment relationships with both mothers and fathers, and explored the potential mediation role of self-worth in these associations. Participants were 384 Chinese adolescents (49.6% boys, average age 15.13 years) from public schools in Shanghai, China. They completed self-report measures of 3 dimensions of parental attachment (i.e., trust, communication, and alienation), general self-worth, and procrastination...
July 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804158/productive-procrastination-academic-procrastination-style-predicts-academic-and-alcohol-outcomes
#5
Erin C Westgate, Stephanie V Wormington, Kathryn C Oleson, Kristen P Lindgren
Productive procrastination replaces one adaptive behavior with another adaptive-albeit less important-behavior (e.g., organizing notes instead of studying for an exam). We identified adaptive and maladaptive procrastination styles associated with academic and alcohol outcomes in 1106 college undergraduates. Cluster analysis identified five academic procrastination styles-non-procrastinators, academic productive procrastinators, non-academic productive procrastinators, non-academic procrastinators, and classic procrastinators...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797645/advance-directives-in-hospice-healthcare-providers-a-clinical-challenge
#6
George R Luck, Terry Eggenberger, David Newman, Jacqueline Cortizo, Derek C Blankenship, Charles H Hennekens
BACKGROUND: On a daily basis, healthcare providers, especially those dealing with terminally ill patients, such as hospice workers, witness how advance directives help ensure the wishes of patients. They also witness the deleterious consequences when patients fail to document the care they desire at their end of life. To the best of our knowledge there are no data concerning the prevalence of advance directives among hospice healthcare providers. We, therefore, explored the prevalence and factors influencing completion rates in a survey of hospice healthcare providers...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790938/mathematics-anxiety-and-statistics-anxiety-shared-but-also-unshared-components-and-antagonistic-contributions-to-performance-in-statistics
#7
Manuela Paechter, Daniel Macher, Khatuna Martskvishvili, Sigrid Wimmer, Ilona Papousek
In many social science majors, e.g., psychology, students report high levels of statistics anxiety. However, these majors are often chosen by students who are less prone to mathematics and who might have experienced difficulties and unpleasant feelings in their mathematics courses at school. The present study investigates whether statistics anxiety is a genuine form of anxiety that impairs students' achievements or whether learners mainly transfer previous experiences in mathematics and their anxiety in mathematics to statistics...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776482/procrastination-as-a-self-regulation-failure-the-role-of-impulsivity-and-intrusive-thoughts
#8
Marie My Lien Rebetez, Lucien Rochat, Catherine Barsics, Martial Van der Linden
Procrastination has been described as the quintessence of self-regulatory failure. This study examines the relationships between this self-regulatory failure and other manifestations of self-regulation problems, namely impulsivity and intrusive thoughts. One hundred and forty-one participants completed questionnaires assessing procrastination, impulsivity (in particular, the urgency and lack of perseverance dimensions), and intrusive thoughts (i.e., rumination and daydreaming). Main results show that urgency mediated the association between rumination and procrastination, whereas rumination did not mediate the relation between urgency and procrastination...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757243/the-overlapping-brain-region-accounting-for-the-relationship-between-procrastination-and-impulsivity-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#9
Peiwei Liu, Tingyong Feng
Procrastination is a prevalent problematic behavior that brings serious consequences, such as lower levels of health, wealth, and well-being. Previous research has verified that impulsivity is one of the traits most strongly correlated with procrastination. However, little is known about why there is a tight behavioral relationship between them. To address this question, we used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to explore the common neural substrates between procrastination and impulsivity. In line with previous findings, the behavioral results showed a strong behavioral correlation between procrastination and impulsivity...
July 27, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746956/-advance-directives-in-family-practices-results-of-a-survey-of-gp-patients-on-their-care-situation
#10
Rieke Schnakenberg, Johannes Just, Vitali Thiessen, Marie-Therese Puth, Markus Bleckwenn, Klaus Weckbecker
Background Advance directives (AD) are an important tool for documentation of patients' wishes and are therefore recommended to the elderly as well as patients with chronic diseases. However, there is no standardized procedure in Germany and no guideline for counseling patients who wish to write an AD with or without health care proxy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the care situation concerning the ADs and the role of the primary care physician in drafting the document Method We conducted semi-structured interviews with patients in primary care in North Rhine-Westphalia using a cross-sectional study design...
July 26, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686163/-better-late-than-never-studying-procrastination-among-students
#11
Réka Gerhát, Katalin Balázs, Anita Szemán-Nagy
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study is to investigate dispositional procrastination, procrastination types, and an operative measurement of this behavior in academic environment. Procrastination is a common and problematic phenomenon that explains the need for a comprehensive and complex approach of this behavior. The main focus of the study was to investigate the incidence and incidence of the different types of procrastination. Furthermore, we aimed to test the correspondence between dispositional procrastination and the operative measurement...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670292/decisional-procrastination-in-academic-settings-the-role-of-metacognitions-and-learning-strategies
#12
Valeria de Palo, Lucia Monacis, Silvana Miceli, Maria Sinatra, Santo Di Nuovo
Nowadays, university students suffer from a broad range of problems, such as educational underachievement or the inability to control themselves, that lead to procrastination as a consequence. The present research aimed at analyzing the determinants of decisional procrastination among undergraduate students and at assessing a path model in which self regulated learning strategies mediated the relationship between metacognitive beliefs about procrastination and decisional procrastination. 273 students from Southern Italy filled out a questionnaire composed by: the socio-demographic section, the Metacognitive Beliefs About Procrastination Questionnaire, the procrastination subscale of the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, and the Anxiety, the Time Management, and the Information Processing subscales of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558663/reasons-for-never-and-intermittent-completion-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-after-receiving-multiple-rounds-of-mailed-fecal-tests
#13
Beverly B Green, June BlueSpruce, Leah Tuzzio, Sally W Vernon, L Aubree Shay, Sheryl L Catz
BACKGROUND: Long-term adherence to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is particularly important for fecal testing. Some U.S. studies report that only 25% of individuals repeat fecal testing annually. The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify barriers and facilitators reported by patients with suboptimal screening adherence to refine interventions for starting ongoing adherence to CRC screening. We also explored whether participants, particularly never screeners, would be willing to do a CRC screening blood test...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503028/the-unintentional-procrastination-scale
#14
Bruce A Fernie, Zinnia Bharucha, Ana V Nikčević, Marcantonio M Spada
Procrastination refers to the delay or postponement of a task or decision and is often conceptualised as a failure of self-regulation. Recent research has suggested that procrastination could be delineated into two domains: intentional and unintentional. In this two-study paper, we aimed to develop a measure of unintentional procrastination (named the Unintentional Procrastination Scale or the 'UPS') and test whether this would be a stronger marker of psychopathology than intentional and general procrastination...
2017: Journal of Rational-emotive and Cognitive-behavior Therapy: RET
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494615/effects-of-time-perspective-and-self-control-on-procrastination-and-internet-addiction
#15
Jinha Kim, Hyeongi Hong, Jungeun Lee, Myoung-Ho Hyun
Background and aims College students experiencing stress show tendencies to procrastinate and can develop Internet addiction problems. This study investigated the structural relationship between time perspective and self-control on procrastination and Internet addiction. Methods College students (N = 377) residing in South Korea completed the following questionnaires: the Pathological Internet Use Behavior Symptom Scale for Adults, the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, the Self-Control Rating Scale, and the Aitken Procrastination Inventory...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482194/the-procrastination-of-internet-gaming-disorder-in-young-adults-the-clinical-severity
#16
Yi-Chun Yeh, Peng-Wei Wang, Mei-Feng Huang, Pai-Cheng Lin, Cheng-Sheng Chen, Chih-Hung Ko
Young adults with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) usually postpone the tasks of their daily lives to engage in Internet gaming. This study evaluates the association between procrastination and IGD and the association between the negative consequences of IGD and procrastination. We recruited 87 individuals with IGD and 87 controls without a history of IGD. All participants underwent a diagnostic interview based on the DSM-5 IGD criteria to assess the clinical global score. They also completed questionnaires regarding IGD, procrastination, impulsivity, depression, and hostility...
April 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451031/barriers-to-postpartum-screening-for-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study-of-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes
#17
Forough Rafii, Seyedeh Fatemeh Vasegh Rahimparvar, Neda Mehrdad, Afsaneh Keramat
INTRODUCTION: Risk of developing type 2 diabetes is increased in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Postpartum glycemic screening is recommended in women with recent GDM. But this screening rate is low and the reasons are unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Iranian women with recent GDM on barriers of postpartum screening for diabetes. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2016. Semi-structured interview was used for data collection...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442352/the-effect-of-regulatory-mode-on-procrastination-bi-stable-parahippocampus-connectivity-with-dorsal-anterior-cingulate-and-anterior-prefrontal-cortex
#18
Chenyan Zhang, Yan Ni, Tingyong Feng
Previous research has elucidated that procrastination can be influenced by regulatory mode orientations. However, the neural mechanism of regulatory modes affecting procrastination is not well understood. To address this question, we employed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) to test the influence of two regulatory modes (assessment and locomotion) on procrastination. The behavioral results showed that procrastination was positively correlated with assessment orientation but negatively correlated with locomotion orientation...
June 30, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409720/rejection-sensitivity-and-depression-indirect-effects-through-problem-solving
#19
Morganne A Kraines, Tony T Wells
OBJECTIVE: Rejection sensitivity (RS) and deficits in social problem solving are risk factors for depression. Despite their relationship to depression and the potential connection between them, no studies have examined RS and social problem solving together in the context of depression. As such, we examined RS, five facets of social problem solving, and symptoms of depression in a young adult sample. METHOD: A total of 180 participants completed measures of RS, social problem solving, and depressive symptoms...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368949/uptake-of-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-blood-test-in-people-with-elevated-risk-for-cancer-who-cannot-or-will-not-complete-a-faecal-occult-blood-test
#20
Erin L Symonds, Charles Cock, Rosie Meng, Stephen R Cole, Robert J L Fraser, Graeme P Young
Participation rates in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programmes using faecal occult blood tests (FOBTs) are low. Nonparticipation is commonly attributed to psychosocial factors, but some medical conditions also prevent screening. These barriers might be partially overcome if a blood test for CRC screening was available. This study determined whether people who had always declined screening by FOBT would participate if offered a blood test. An audit of registrants within a personalized CRC screening programme was undertaken to determine the reasons for regular nonparticipation in FOBT...
March 31, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
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