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Procrastination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899829/motivations-and-predictors-of-cheating-in-pharmacy-school
#1
Eric J Ip, Kathy Nguyen, Bijal M Shah, Shadi Doroudgar, Monica K Bidwal
Objective. To assess the prevalence, methods, and motivations for didactic cheating among pharmacy students and to determine predictive factors for cheating in pharmacy colleges and schools. Methods. A 45-item cross-sectional survey was conducted at all four doctor of pharmacy programs in Northern California. For data analysis, t test, Fisher exact test, and logistic regression were used. Results. Overall, 11.8% of students admitted to cheating in pharmacy school. Primary motivations for cheating included fear of failure, procrastination, and stress...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876440/cannabis-alcohol-use-psychological-distress-and-decision-making-style
#2
James G Phillips, Rowan P Ogeil
INTRODUCTION: There have been suggestions of hypofrontality in cannabis users. To understand cannabis-related differences in decisional processes, Janis and Mann's conflict model of decision making was applied to recreational cannabis smokers who varied in their alcohol use and level of psychological distress. METHOD: An online sample of recreational substance users (114 male, 119 female) completed the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), Kessler's Psychological Distress Scale (K10), and the Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS) for cannabis...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773570/reversed-procrastination-by-focal-disruption-of-medial-frontal-cortex
#3
Ashwani Jha, Beate Diehl, Catherine Scott, Andrew W McEvoy, Parashkev Nachev
An enduring puzzle in the neuroscience of voluntary action is the origin of the remarkably wide dispersion of the reaction time distribution, an interval far greater than is explained by synaptic or signal transductive noise [1, 2]. That we are able to change our planned actions-a key criterion of volition [3]-so close to the time of their onset implies decision-making must reach deep into the execution of action itself [4-6]. It has been influentially suggested the reaction time distribution therefore reflects deliberate neural procrastination [7], giving alternative response tendencies sufficient time for fair competition in pursuing a decision threshold that determines which one is behaviorally manifest: a race model, where action selection and execution are closely interrelated [8-11]...
November 7, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752248/do-peers-matter-resistance-to-peer-influence-as-a-mediator-between-self-esteem-and-procrastination-among-undergraduates
#4
Bin-Bin Chen, Zeyi Shi, Yan Wang
This study examined the relationship between self-esteem and procrastination and the mediating role of resistance to peer influence (RPI) on this relationship among undergraduates. One hundred and ninety-nine Chinese undergraduate students completed the measures of procrastination, RPI, and self-esteem. Structural Equation Modeling analyses indicated that self-esteem was negatively related to procrastination, and RPI acted as a mediator of this relationship. The results suggest that the peer may be a key to understanding procrastination among undergraduates...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682415/overcoming-procrastination-one-year-follow-up-and-predictors-of-change-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#5
Alexander Rozental, Erik Forsell, Andreas Svensson, Gerhard Andersson, Per Carlbring
Procrastination is a common self-regulatory failure that can have a negative impact on well-being and performance. However, few clinical trials have been conducted, and no follow-up has ever been performed. The current study therefore aimed to provide evidence for the long-term benefits and investigate predictors of a positive treatment outcome among patients receiving Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT). A total of 150 self-recruited participants were randomized to guided or unguided ICBT. Self-report measures of procrastination, depression, anxiety, and quality of life were distributed at pre-treatment assessment, post-treatment assessment, and one-year follow-up...
September 29, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664352/go-getters-and-procrastinators-investigating-individual-differences-in-visual-cognition-across-university-semesters
#6
David Chan, Jason Rajsic, Jay Pratt
University-based psychological research typically relies on the participation of undergraduate students for data collection. Using this particular sample brings with it several possible issues, including the self-scheduling done by the participants. Research on performance between students who sign up early versus late in the semester has been inconsistent. Some research report benefits for early participant semesters, while others find no differences between the two groups. Anecdotally, it seems that the former holds true, as many researchers worry about the data collected late in the semester, sometimes opting for more motivated earlier participants in the next semester...
September 21, 2016: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630595/on-the-measurement-of-procrastination-comparing-two-scales-in-six-european-countries
#7
Frode Svartdal, Gerit Pfuhl, Kent Nordby, Gioel Foschi, Katrin B Klingsieck, Alexander Rozental, Per Carlbring, Sari Lindblom-Ylänne, Kaja Rębkowska
Procrastination is a common problem, but defining and measuring it has been subject to some debate. This paper summarizes results from students and employees (N = 2893) in Finland, Germany, Italy, Norway, Poland, and Sweden using the Pure Procrastination Scale (PPS) and the Irrational Procrastination Scale (IPS; Steel, 2010), both assumed to measure unidimensional and closely related constructs. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated inadequate configural fit for the suggested one-factor model for PPS; however, acceptable fit was observed for a three-factor model corresponding to the three different scales the PPS is based on...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616687/identifying-the-neural-substrates-of-procrastination-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#8
Wenwen Zhang, Xiangpeng Wang, Tingyong Feng
Procrastination is a prevalent problematic behavior that brings serious consequences to individuals who suffer from it. Although this phenomenon has received increasing attention from researchers, the underpinning neural substrates of it is poorly studied. To examine the neural bases subserving procrastination, the present study employed resting-state fMRI. The main results were as follows: (1) the behavioral procrastination was positively correlated with the regional activity of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and the parahippocampal cortex (PHC), while negatively correlated with that of the anterior prefrontal cortex (aPFC)...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547197/attributions-of-responsibility-and-blame-for-procrastination-behavior
#9
Sonia Rahimi, Nathan C Hall, Timothy A Pychyl
The present study examined the relationship between procrastination, delay, blameworthiness, and moral responsibility. Undergraduate students (N = 240) were provided two scenarios in which the reason for inaction (procrastination, delay), the target (self, other), and the outcome (positive, negative) were manipulated, and students were asked to rate the moral responsibility and blameworthiness of the agent. Results indicated that individuals who procrastinated were seen as more morally responsible and blameworthy than those who experienced delay...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363005/the-procrastinators-want-it-now-behavioral-and-event-related-potential-evidence-of-the-procrastination-of-intertemporal-choices
#10
Haiyan Wu, Danyang Gui, Wenzheng Lin, Ruolei Gu, Xiangru Zhu, Xun Liu
Much past research has focused on the correlation between procrastination and personality traits (e.g., impulsivity). According to the temporal motivation theory, procrastinators are impulsive and sensitive to delays in time. However, there is still a lack of direct evidence of the tendency of procrastinators to prefer immediate over future rewards. To investigate this question, we recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) in the brain while participants performed an intertemporal choice task involving both time delay and reward processing...
August 2016: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313554/validation-of-the-impostor-phenomenon-among-managers
#11
Sonja Rohrmann, Myriam N Bechtoldt, Mona Leonhardt
Following up on earlier investigations, the present research aims at validating the construct impostor phenomenon by taking other personality correlates into account and to examine whether the impostor phenomenon is a construct in its own right. In addition, gender effects as well as associations with dispositional working styles and strain are examined. In an online study we surveyed a sample of N = 242 individuals occupying leadership positions in different sectors. Confirmatory factor analyses provide empirical evidence for the discriminant validity of the impostor phenomenon...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259526/factors-contributing-to-delayed-diagnosis-of-cancer-among-aboriginal-people-in-australia-a-qualitative-study
#12
Shaouli Shahid, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Dawn Bessarab, Samar Aoun, Siddhartha Baxi, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Delayed presentation of symptomatic cancer is associated with poorer survival. Aboriginal patients with cancer have higher rates of distant metastases at diagnosis compared with non-Aboriginal Australians. This paper examined factors contributing to delayed diagnosis of cancer among Aboriginal Australians from patient and service providers' perspectives. METHODS: In-depth, open-ended interviews were conducted in two stages (2006-2007 and 2011)...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216151/the-german-version-of-the-perceived-stress-scale-psychometric-characteristics-in-a-representative-german-community-sample
#13
Eva M Klein, Elmar Brähler, Michael Dreier, Leonard Reinecke, Kai W Müller, Gabriele Schmutzer, Klaus Wölfling, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: The Perceived Stress Scale Cohen (J Health Soc Behav 24:385-96, 1983) is a widely and well-established self-report scale measuring perceived stress. However, the German version of the PSS-10 has not yet been validated. Thus, the purposes of this representative study were to psychometrically evaluate the PSS-10, and to provide norm values for the German population. METHODS: The PSS-10 and standardized scales of depression, anxiety, fatigue, procrastination and life satisfaction were administered to a representative, randomly selected German community sample consisting of 1315 females and 1148 male participants in the age range from 14 to 90 years...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199857/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-individual-coaching-self-coaching-and-group-training-how-leadership-makes-the-difference
#14
Sabine Losch, Eva Traut-Mattausch, Maximilian D Mühlberger, Eva Jonas
Few empirical studies have used a randomized controlled design to evaluate the impact of coaching, and there are even fewer that have compared coaching with other interventions. In the current field study, we investigated the relative effectiveness of coaching as an intervention to reduce procrastination. In a randomized controlled study, participants (N = 84) were assigned to an individual coaching, a self-coaching, a group training, or a control group condition. Results indicate that individual coaching and group training were effective in reducing procrastination and facilitating goal attainment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107893/procrastination-consideration-of-future-consequences-and-episodic-future-thinking
#15
Marie My Lien Rebetez, Catherine Barsics, Lucien Rochat, Arnaud D'Argembeau, Martial Van der Linden
Despite the intrinsic temporal nature of procrastination, little research has examined the link between this form of self-regulatory failure and the consideration of future consequences, and no study has addressed the link between procrastination and episodic future thinking. The aim of the present study was to explore these relationships. Participants were asked to project themselves into possible future events and to rate the amount of sensory-perceptual details and autonoetic consciousness associated with their representations...
May 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038144/connecting-eating-pathology-with-risk-for-engaging-in-suicidal-behavior-the-mediating-role-of-experiential-avoidance
#16
Kayla D Skinner, Sasha M Rojas, Jennifer C Veilleux
Individuals with eating pathology, particularly those with diagnosed eating disorders, are at high risk for suicide. It is less clear whether undiagnosed eating pathology and subsyndromal eating disorders carry the same risk and, if so, what mechanisms may explain why higher levels of eating pathology yield greater risk for engaging in suicidal behaviors. The indirect relationship between disordered eating and risk for suicidal behaviors via facets of experiential avoidance was tested using a multiple-mediator model...
April 2, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984522/ara-darzi-pet-hate-procrastinators
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26952382/advanced-life-events-ales-that-impede-aging-in-place-among-seniors
#18
Lee A Lindquist, Vanessa Ramirez-Zohfeld, Priya Sunkara, Chris Forcucci, Dianne Campbell, Phyllis Mitzen, Kenzie A Cameron
Despite the wishes of many seniors to age-in-place in their own homes, critical events occur that impede their ability to do so. A gap exists as to what these advanced life events (ALEs) entail and the planning that older adults perceive is necessary. The purpose of this study was to identify seniors' perceptions and planning toward ALEs that may impact their ability to remain in their own home. We conducted focus groups with 68 seniors, age ≥65 years (mean age 73.8 years), living in the community (rural, urban, and suburban), using open-ended questions about perceptions of future heath events, needs, and planning...
May 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871572/procrastination-distress-and-life-satisfaction-across-the-age-range-a-german-representative-community-study
#19
Manfred E Beutel, Eva M Klein, Stefan Aufenanger, Elmar Brähler, Michael Dreier, Kai W Müller, Oliver Quiring, Leonard Reinecke, Gabriele Schmutzer, Birgit Stark, Klaus Wölfling
Addressing the lack of population-based data the purpose of this representative study was to assess procrastination and its associations with distress and life satisfaction across the life span. A representative German community sample (1,350 women; 1,177 men) between the ages of 14 and 95 years was examined by the short form of the General Procrastination Scale (GPS-K; 1) and standardized scales of perceived stress, depression, anxiety, fatigue and life satisfaction. As hypothesized, procrastination was highest in the youngest cohort (14-29 years)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26851392/design-and-evaluation-of-novel-ph-sensitive-ureido-conjugated-chitosan-tpp-nanoparticles-targeted-to-helicobacter-pylori
#20
Zi-Wei Jing, Yi-Yang Jia, Ning Wan, Min Luo, Meng-Lei Huan, Tai-Bin Kang, Si-Yuan Zhou, Bang-Le Zhang
The covalently modified ureido-conjugated chitosan/TPP multifunctional nanoparticles have been developed as targeted nanomedicine delivery system for eradication of Helicobacter pylori. H. pylori can specifically express the urea transport protein on its membrane to transport urea into cytoplasm for urease to produce ammonia, which protects the bacterium in the acid milieu of stomach. The clinical applicability of topical antimicrobial agent is needed to eradicate H. pylori in the infected fundal area. In this study, we designed and synthesized two ureido-conjugated chitosan derivatives UCCs-1 and UCCs-2 for preparation of multifunctional nanoparticles...
April 2016: Biomaterials
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