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Procrastination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322906/distal-femoral-medial-closing-wedge-osteotomy-for-degenerative-valgus-knee%C3%A2-mid-term-results-in-active-patients
#1
R Buda, F Castagnini, G Gorgolini, M Baldassarri, F Vannini
Distal femoral medial closing wedge osteotomy (DFMCWO) may be a valuable treatment for arthritic valgus knees in young and active adults, with the possible aim of procrastinating knee replacement. 32 valgus knees (mean age : 41.4±11.2) treated with DFMCWO were retrospectively reviewed. All the knees had a lateral compartment osteoarthritis graded I-II-III according to Kellgren Lawrence classification. 20 knees had osteochondral lesions, treated with microfractures (8) or bone marrow derived cells transplantation (12)...
March 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321654/motivating-cord-blood-donation-with-information-and-behavioral-nudges
#2
Daniela Grieco, Nicola Lacetera, Mario Macis, Daniela Di Martino
Umbilical cord blood is a source of hematopoietic stem cells essential to treat life-threatening diseases, such as leukemia and lymphoma. However, only a very small percentage of parents donate upon delivery. The decision to donate the cord blood occurs at a very specific time and when parents likely experience emotional, informational, and decisional overloads; these features of cord blood donation make it different from other pro-social activities. In collaboration with an OB-GYN clinic in Milan, Italy, we conducted the first randomized controlled trial that applies tools from behavioral science to foster cord blood donation, and quantified the gains that informational and behavioral "nudges" can achieve...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304119/validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-irrational-procrastination-scale-ips
#3
Georgina Guilera, Maite Barrios, Eva Penelo, Christopher Morin, Piers Steel, Juana Gómez-Benito
The present study is centered in adapting and validating a Spanish version of the Irrational Procrastination Scale (IPS). The sample consists of 365 adults aged 18-77 years (M = 37.70, SD = 12.64). Participants were administered two measures of procrastination, the IPS and the Decisional Procrastination Questionnaire, as well as the Big Five Inventory, and the Satisfaction With Life Scale. First, the factor and replication analysis revealed that the internal structure of the scale is clearly one-dimensional, supporting the idea that IPS seems to measure general procrastination as a single trait...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230931/temporal-changes-in-glycaemic-thresholds-for-treatment-intensification-in-type-2-diabetes-in-an-urban-australian-setting-the-fremantle-diabetes-study
#4
Timothy M E Davis, Stephen A P Chubb, Bradley H Curtis, Helen Barraclough, Wendy A Davis
BACKGROUND: Pharmacotherapy and supportive care for diabetes in Australia are improving, with potential beneficial effects on therapeutic procrastination. AIMS: To determine whether glycaemic thresholds for therapeutic intensification in type 2 diabetes changed over the 15 years between Phases of the community-based Fremantle Diabetes Study (FDS). METHODS: We studied 531 Phase 1 participants (mean age 62.4 years, 54.2% males, median diabetes duration 3...
December 12, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209695/cosmetic-surgery-for-children-and-adolescents-deontological-and-bioethical-remarks
#5
A Del Rio, R Rinaldi, S Napoletano, N M di Luca
The only interventions deemed ethically acceptable are those that serve the "objective interest" of the minors involved from the standpoint of and conducive to sound mental health and balance in a patient's teenage years; by the same token, disproportionate interventions (e.g. overly invasive or pointlessly risky), or all those deemed unsuitable with regards to a poor cost-benefit ratio are viewed as unacceptable. In the process of considering the best interest of the minors involved, a wide array of factors come into play, such as: age, maturity, psychological and emotional conditions, motivations put forth by the underage patient, the opportunity to procrastinate the operation: parents, who are naturally entitled to give consent to the surgical procedures, and physicians are primarily liable to safeguard and act in the minor's best interest...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208276/development-of-novel-ph-sensitive-thiolated-chitosan-pmla-nanoparticles-for-amoxicillin-delivery-to-treat-helicobacter-pylori
#6
Muhammad Arif, Quan-Jiang Dong, Mazhar Ali Raja, Shah Zeenat, Zhe Chi, Chen-Guang Liu
The cysteine conjugated chitosan/PMLA multifunctional nanoparticles were synthesized as targeted Nano-drug delivery system to eradicate Helicobacter pylori. Helicobacter pylori specifically express urea transport protein on its membrane to carrying urea to the cytoplasm urease to supply ammonia that protects bacteria in the acid environment of the stomach. The clinical suitability of topical antimicrobial agents is required to get rid of Helicobacter pylori inside the inflamed basal region. In this work, cysteine conjugated chitosan derivative, Cys-CS for their mucoadhesive and anticoagulant properties was designed and synthesized, for the preparation of multifunctional nanoparticles...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202567/the-use-of-hyaluronic-acid-in-the-treatment-of-ankle-osteoarthritis-a-review-of-the-evidence
#7
R Papalia, E Albo, F Russo, A Tecame, G Torre, S Sterzi, F Bressi, V Denaro
Ankle osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive degenerative joint disease that causes ankle pain and functional limitation especially during walking. It tends to involve younger people with high functional request and has often a post-traumatic origin. Symptoms control through conservative treatment is essential to procrastinate as long as possible the need for surgery. Although few data are present in literature about the use of local viscosupplementation in ankle OA, their potential use for ankle OA has been suggested...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188447/procrastination-in-the-pigeon-can-conditioned-reinforcement-increase-the-likelihood-of-human-procrastination
#8
Thomas R Zentall, Jacob P Case, Danielle M Andrews
Procrastination is the tendency to put off initiation or completion of a task. Although people are typically known to procrastinate, recent research suggests that they sometimes "pre-crastinate" by initiating a task sooner than they need to (Rosenbaum et al. in Psychological Science, 25(7), 1487-1496, 2014). A similar finding of precrastination was reported by Wasserman and Brzykcy (Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 22, 1130-1134, 2015) with pigeons using a somewhat different procedure. In the present experiment, we used a procedure with pigeons that was more similar to the procedure used by Rosenbaum et al...
November 29, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163317/a-field-experimental-design-of-a-strengths-based-training-to-overcome-academic-procrastination-short-and-long-term-effect
#9
Lennart Visser, Judith Schoonenboom, Fred A J Korthagen
This study reports on the effect of a newly developed 4-week strengths-based training approach to overcome academic procrastination, given to first-year elementary teacher education students (N = 54). The training was based on a strengths-based approach, in which elements of the cognitive behavioral approach were also used. The purpose of the training was to promote awareness of the personal strengths of students who experience academic procrastination regularly and to teach them how to use their personal strengths in situations in which they usually tend to procrastinate...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163302/irrational-delay-revisited-examining-five-procrastination-scales-in-a-global-sample
#10
Frode Svartdal, Piers Steel
Scales attempting to measure procrastination focus on different facets of the phenomenon, yet they share a common understanding of procrastination as an unnecessary, unwanted, and disadvantageous delay. The present paper examines in a global sample (N = 4,169) five different procrastination scales - Decisional Procrastination Scale (DPS), Irrational Procrastination Scale (IPS), Pure Procrastination Scale (PPS), Adult Inventory of Procrastination Scale (AIP), and General Procrastination Scale (GPS), focusing on factor structures and item functioning using Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Item Response Theory...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096003/socioeconomic-differences-in-the-pathways-to-diagnosis-of-coronary-heart-disease-a-qualitative-study
#11
Sara Lena Schröder, Astrid Fink, Laura Hoffmann, Nadine Schumann, Olaf Martin, Stefan Frantz, Matthias Richter
Background: Socioeconomic inequalities in coronary heart disease (CHD)-related morbidity and mortality are well explored. However, less is known about the causes of inequalities in CHD treatment. In this qualitative study, we explored socioeconomic differences in the pathways to diagnosis of CHD. Methods: The data originated from 38 semi-structured interviews with older CHD patients, aged 59-80 years, conducted at the university hospital in Halle, Germany, between November 2014 and April 2015...
October 31, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072479/postsecondary-students-with-psychiatric-disabilities-identify-core-services-and-key-ingredients-to-supporting-education-goals
#12
Kathleen Biebel, Raphael Mizrahi, Heather Ringeisen
OBJECTIVE: Accessing and successfully completing postsecondary educational opportunities may be challenging for those living with psychiatric disabilities. This exploratory study highlights the experiences of individuals with psychiatric disabilities participating in postsecondary educational support initiatives. METHOD: Investigators conducted case studies with 3 education support initiatives across the United States. Focus groups revealed what concrete supported education services were helpful and key ingredients in delivering education supports...
October 26, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943742/academic-procrastination-and-goal-accomplishment-a-combined-experimental-and-individual-differences-investigation
#13
Daniel E Gustavson, Akira Miyake
This study examined the relationship between academic procrastination and goal accomplishment in two novel ways. First, we experimentally tested whether undergraduate students (N = 177) could reduce their academic procrastination over a course of three weeks after performing goal-related exercises to set so-called SMART goals and/or to prepare those students with specific strategies to resist their temptations (forming implementation intentions). Second, we conducted systematic regression analyses to examine whether academic procrastination at baseline uniquely predicts later goal-related outcomes, controlling for various correlated variables, including personality traits (e...
February 2017: Learning and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883801/procrastinating-behavior-in-computer-based-learning-environments-to-predict-performance-a-case-study-in-moodle
#14
Rebeca Cerezo, María Esteban, Miguel Sánchez-Santillán, José C Núñez
Introduction: Research about student performance has traditionally considered academic procrastination as a behavior that has negative effects on academic achievement. Although there is much evidence for this in class-based environments, there is a lack of research on Computer-Based Learning Environments (CBLEs). Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate student behavior in a blended learning program and specifically procrastination behavior in relation to performance through Data Mining techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839386/gastric-trichobezoars-in-children-surgical-overview
#15
Alisha Gupta, Deepak Mittal, Maddur Srinivas
BACKGROUND: Development of trichobezoars in children is primarily a psychiatric issue more than a pediatric surgical ailment. A definite history of trichotillomania and trichophagia may or may not be elicited. Surgical removal is required in patients presenting with huge bezoars. Psychiatric follow-up is of utmost importance to avoid recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of children who were diagnosed and managed for the presence of gastric trichobezoars were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822334/reported-maladaptive-decision-making-in-unipolar-and-bipolar-depression-and-its-change-with-treatment
#16
Lara F Alexander, Alison Oliver, Lauren K Burdine, Yilang Tang, Boadie W Dunlop
Mood disorder patients frequently experience difficulty making decisions and may make sub-optimal decisions with adverse life consequences. However, patients' styles for decision-making when ill and after treatment have received little study to date. We assessed healthy controls (HC, n = 69) and patients with major depressive disorder (MDD, n = 61) or bipolar disorder (BP, n = 26) in a current major depressive episode using the Melbourne Decision-making Questionnaire. A subset of participants was re-evaluated after completing six weeks of pharmacotherapy...
August 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812973/parent-adolescent-attachment-and-procrastination-the-mediating-role-of-self-worth
#17
Bin-Bin Chen
Within the theoretical framework of attachment theory, the author examined associations between adolescents' procrastination and their attachment relationships with both mothers and fathers, and explored the potential mediation role of self-worth in these associations. Participants were 384 Chinese adolescents (49.6% boys, average age 15.13 years) from public schools in Shanghai, China. They completed self-report measures of 3 dimensions of parental attachment (i.e., trust, communication, and alienation), general self-worth, and procrastination...
July 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804158/productive-procrastination-academic-procrastination-style-predicts-academic-and-alcohol-outcomes
#18
Erin C Westgate, Stephanie V Wormington, Kathryn C Oleson, Kristen P Lindgren
Productive procrastination replaces one adaptive behavior with another adaptive-albeit less important-behavior (e.g., organizing notes instead of studying for an exam). We identified adaptive and maladaptive procrastination styles associated with academic and alcohol outcomes in 1106 college undergraduates. Cluster analysis identified five academic procrastination styles-non-procrastinators, academic productive procrastinators, non-academic productive procrastinators, non-academic procrastinators, and classic procrastinators...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797645/advance-directives-in-hospice-healthcare-providers-a-clinical-challenge
#19
George R Luck, Terry Eggenberger, David Newman, Jacqueline Cortizo, Derek C Blankenship, Charles H Hennekens
BACKGROUND: On a daily basis, healthcare providers, especially those dealing with terminally ill patients, such as hospice workers, witness how advance directives help ensure the wishes of patients. They also witness the deleterious consequences when patients fail to document the care they desire at their end of life. To the best of our knowledge there are no data concerning the prevalence of advance directives among hospice healthcare providers. We therefore explored the prevalence and factors influencing completion rates in a survey of hospice healthcare providers...
November 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790938/mathematics-anxiety-and-statistics-anxiety-shared-but-also-unshared-components-and-antagonistic-contributions-to-performance-in-statistics
#20
Manuela Paechter, Daniel Macher, Khatuna Martskvishvili, Sigrid Wimmer, Ilona Papousek
In many social science majors, e.g., psychology, students report high levels of statistics anxiety. However, these majors are often chosen by students who are less prone to mathematics and who might have experienced difficulties and unpleasant feelings in their mathematics courses at school. The present study investigates whether statistics anxiety is a genuine form of anxiety that impairs students' achievements or whether learners mainly transfer previous experiences in mathematics and their anxiety in mathematics to statistics...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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