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Procrastination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686163/-better-late-than-never-studying-procrastination-among-students
#1
Réka Gerhát, Katalin Balázs, Anita Szemán-Nagy
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study is to investigate dispositional procrastination, procrastination types, and an operative measurement of this behavior in academic environment. Procrastination is a common and problematic phenomenon that explains the need for a comprehensive and complex approach of this behavior. The main focus of the study was to investigate the incidence and incidence of the different types of procrastination. Furthermore, we aimed to test the correspondence between dispositional procrastination and the operative measurement...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670292/decisional-procrastination-in-academic-settings-the-role-of-metacognitions-and-learning-strategies
#2
Valeria de Palo, Lucia Monacis, Silvana Miceli, Maria Sinatra, Santo Di Nuovo
Nowadays, university students suffer from a broad range of problems, such as educational underachievement or the inability to control themselves, that lead to procrastination as a consequence. The present research aimed at analyzing the determinants of decisional procrastination among undergraduate students and at assessing a path model in which self regulated learning strategies mediated the relationship between metacognitive beliefs about procrastination and decisional procrastination. 273 students from Southern Italy filled out a questionnaire composed by: the socio-demographic section, the Metacognitive Beliefs About Procrastination Questionnaire, the procrastination subscale of the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, and the Anxiety, the Time Management, and the Information Processing subscales of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558663/reasons-for-never-and-intermittent-completion-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-after-receiving-multiple-rounds-of-mailed-fecal-tests
#3
Beverly B Green, June BlueSpruce, Leah Tuzzio, Sally W Vernon, L Aubree Shay, Sheryl L Catz
BACKGROUND: Long-term adherence to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is particularly important for fecal testing. Some U.S. studies report that only 25% of individuals repeat fecal testing annually. The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify barriers and facilitators reported by patients with suboptimal screening adherence to refine interventions for starting ongoing adherence to CRC screening. We also explored whether participants, particularly never screeners, would be willing to do a CRC screening blood test...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503028/the-unintentional-procrastination-scale
#4
Bruce A Fernie, Zinnia Bharucha, Ana V Nikčević, Marcantonio M Spada
Procrastination refers to the delay or postponement of a task or decision and is often conceptualised as a failure of self-regulation. Recent research has suggested that procrastination could be delineated into two domains: intentional and unintentional. In this two-study paper, we aimed to develop a measure of unintentional procrastination (named the Unintentional Procrastination Scale or the 'UPS') and test whether this would be a stronger marker of psychopathology than intentional and general procrastination...
2017: Journal of Rational-emotive and Cognitive-behavior Therapy: RET
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494615/effects-of-time-perspective-and-self-control-on-procrastination-and-internet-addiction
#5
Jinha Kim, Hyeongi Hong, Jungeun Lee, Myoung-Ho Hyun
Background and aims College students experiencing stress show tendencies to procrastinate and can develop Internet addiction problems. This study investigated the structural relationship between time perspective and self-control on procrastination and Internet addiction. Methods College students (N = 377) residing in South Korea completed the following questionnaires: the Pathological Internet Use Behavior Symptom Scale for Adults, the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, the Self-Control Rating Scale, and the Aitken Procrastination Inventory...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482194/the-procrastination-of-internet-gaming-disorder-in-young-adults-the-clinical-severity
#6
Yi-Chun Yeh, Peng-Wei Wang, Mei-Feng Huang, Pai-Cheng Lin, Cheng-Sheng Chen, Chih-Hung Ko
Young adults with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) usually postpone the tasks of their daily lives to engage in Internet gaming. This study evaluates the association between procrastination and IGD and the association between the negative consequences of IGD and procrastination. We recruited 87 individuals with IGD and 87 controls without a history of IGD. All participants underwent a diagnostic interview based on the DSM-5 IGD criteria to assess the clinical global score. They also completed questionnaires regarding IGD, procrastination, impulsivity, depression, and hostility...
April 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451031/barriers-to-postpartum-screening-for-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study-of-women-with-previous-gestational-diabetes
#7
Forough Rafii, Seyedeh Fatemeh Vasegh Rahimparvar, Neda Mehrdad, Afsaneh Keramat
INTRODUCTION: Risk of developing type 2 diabetes is increased in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Postpartum glycemic screening is recommended in women with recent GDM. But this screening rate is low and the reasons are unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Iranian women with recent GDM on barriers of postpartum screening for diabetes. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2016. Semi-structured interview was used for data collection...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442352/the-effect-of-regulatory-mode-on-procrastination-bi-stable-parahippocampus-connectivity-with-dorsal-anterior-cingulate-and-anterior-prefrontal-cortex
#8
Chenyan Zhang, Yan Ni, Tingyong Feng
Previous research has elucidated that procrastination can be influenced by regulatory mode orientations. However, the neural mechanism of regulatory modes affecting procrastination is not well understood. To address this question, we employed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) to test the influence of two regulatory modes (assessment and locomotion) on procrastination. The behavioral results showed that procrastination was positively correlated with assessment orientation but negatively correlated with locomotion orientation...
June 30, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409720/rejection-sensitivity-and-depression-indirect-effects-through-problem-solving
#9
Morganne A Kraines, Tony T Wells
OBJECTIVE: Rejection sensitivity (RS) and deficits in social problem solving are risk factors for depression. Despite their relationship to depression and the potential connection between them, no studies have examined RS and social problem solving together in the context of depression. As such, we examined RS, five facets of social problem solving, and symptoms of depression in a young adult sample. METHOD: A total of 180 participants completed measures of RS, social problem solving, and depressive symptoms...
2017: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368949/uptake-of-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-blood-test-in-people-with-elevated-risk-for-cancer-who-cannot-or-will-not-complete-a-faecal-occult-blood-test
#10
Erin L Symonds, Charles Cock, Rosie Meng, Stephen R Cole, Robert J L Fraser, Graeme P Young
Participation rates in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programmes using faecal occult blood tests (FOBTs) are low. Nonparticipation is commonly attributed to psychosocial factors, but some medical conditions also prevent screening. These barriers might be partially overcome if a blood test for CRC screening was available. This study determined whether people who had always declined screening by FOBT would participate if offered a blood test. An audit of registrants within a personalized CRC screening programme was undertaken to determine the reasons for regular nonparticipation in FOBT...
March 31, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299293/the-impact-of-comprehensive-school-nursing-services-on-students-academic-performance
#11
Deniz Kocoglu, Oya Nuran Emiroglu
Introduction: School nursing services should be evaluated through health and academic outcomes of students; however, it is observed that the number of studies in this field is limited. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of comprehensive school nursing services provided to 4th grade primary school students on academic performance of students. Methods: The quasi-experimental study was conducted with 31 students attending a randomly selected school in economic disadvantaged area in Turky. Correlation analysis, repeated measures analyses of variance, multiple regression analysis were used to analyze the data with SPSS software...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210538/patient-and-primary-care-provider-attitudes-and-adherence-towards-lung-cancer-screening-at-an-academic-medical-center
#12
Duy K Duong, Salma Shariff-Marco, Iona Cheng, Harris Naemi, Lisa M Moy, Robert Haile, Baldeep Singh, Ann Leung, Ann Hsing, Viswam S Nair
Low dose CT (LDCT) for lung cancer screening is an evidence-based, guideline recommended, and Medicare approved test but uptake requires further study. We therefore conducted patient and provider surveys to elucidate factors associated with utilization. Patients referred for LDCT at an academic medical center were questioned about their attitudes, knowledge, and beliefs on lung cancer screening. Adherent patients were defined as those who met screening eligibility criteria and completed a LDCT. Referring primary care providers within this same medical system were surveyed in parallel about their practice patterns, attitudes, knowledge and beliefs about screening...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184164/assessment-and-monitoring-of-treatment-response-in-adult-adhd-patients-current-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
J Russell Ramsay
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental syndrome that emerges in childhood or early adolescence and persists into adulthood for a majority of individuals. There are many other adults with ADHD who may not seek out evaluation and treatment until adulthood, having been able to "get by" before struggling with inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity in adulthood, in addition to facing the associated features of disorganization, poor time management, and procrastination among many others...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056361/a-metacognitive-model-of-procrastination
#14
Bruce A Fernie, Zinnia Bharucha, Ana V Nikčević, Claudia Marino, Marcantonio M Spada
BACKGROUND: procrastination refers to the delay or postponement of task or decision-making initiation or completion and is often conceptualised as a failure of self-regulation. Recent research has suggested that metacognitions play a role in procrastination and that unintentional procrastination (UP), as opposed to intentional procrastination (IP), may be the most problematic form of this behaviour. We aimed to test a metacognitive model of procrastination that was grounded in the Self-Regulatory Executive Function model...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899829/motivations-and-predictors-of-cheating-in-pharmacy-school
#15
Eric J Ip, Kathy Nguyen, Bijal M Shah, Shadi Doroudgar, Monica K Bidwal
Objective. To assess the prevalence, methods, and motivations for didactic cheating among pharmacy students and to determine predictive factors for cheating in pharmacy colleges and schools. Methods. A 45-item cross-sectional survey was conducted at all four doctor of pharmacy programs in Northern California. For data analysis, t test, Fisher exact test, and logistic regression were used. Results. Overall, 11.8% of students admitted to cheating in pharmacy school. Primary motivations for cheating included fear of failure, procrastination, and stress...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876440/cannabis-alcohol-use-psychological-distress-and-decision-making-style
#16
James G Phillips, Rowan P Ogeil
INTRODUCTION: There have been suggestions of hypofrontality in cannabis users. To understand cannabis-related differences in decisional processes, Janis and Mann's conflict model of decision making was applied to recreational cannabis smokers who varied in their alcohol use and level of psychological distress. METHOD: An online sample of recreational substance users (114 male, 119 female) completed the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), Kessler's Psychological Distress Scale (K10), and the Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS) for cannabis...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773570/reversed-procrastination-by-focal-disruption-of-medial-frontal-cortex
#17
Ashwani Jha, Beate Diehl, Catherine Scott, Andrew W McEvoy, Parashkev Nachev
An enduring puzzle in the neuroscience of voluntary action is the origin of the remarkably wide dispersion of the reaction time distribution, an interval far greater than is explained by synaptic or signal transductive noise [1, 2]. That we are able to change our planned actions-a key criterion of volition [3]-so close to the time of their onset implies decision-making must reach deep into the execution of action itself [4-6]. It has been influentially suggested the reaction time distribution therefore reflects deliberate neural procrastination [7], giving alternative response tendencies sufficient time for fair competition in pursuing a decision threshold that determines which one is behaviorally manifest: a race model, where action selection and execution are closely interrelated [8-11]...
November 7, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752248/do-peers-matter-resistance-to-peer-influence-as-a-mediator-between-self-esteem-and-procrastination-among-undergraduates
#18
Bin-Bin Chen, Zeyi Shi, Yan Wang
This study examined the relationship between self-esteem and procrastination and the mediating role of resistance to peer influence (RPI) on this relationship among undergraduates. One hundred and ninety-nine Chinese undergraduate students completed the measures of procrastination, RPI, and self-esteem. Structural Equation Modeling analyses indicated that self-esteem was negatively related to procrastination, and RPI acted as a mediator of this relationship. The results suggest that the peer may be a key to understanding procrastination among undergraduates...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682415/overcoming-procrastination-one-year-follow-up-and-predictors-of-change-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy
#19
Alexander Rozental, Erik Forsell, Andreas Svensson, Gerhard Andersson, Per Carlbring
Procrastination is a common self-regulatory failure that can have a negative impact on well-being and performance. However, few clinical trials have been conducted, and no follow-up has ever been performed. The current study therefore aimed to provide evidence for the long-term benefits and investigate predictors of a positive treatment outcome among patients receiving Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT). A total of 150 self-recruited participants were randomized to guided or unguided ICBT. Self-report measures of procrastination, depression, anxiety, and quality of life were distributed at pre-treatment assessment, post-treatment assessment, and one-year follow-up...
April 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664352/go-getters-and-procrastinators-investigating-individual-differences-in-visual-cognition-across-university-semesters
#20
David Chan, Jason Rajsic, Jay Pratt
University-based psychological research typically relies on the participation of undergraduate students for data collection. Using this particular sample brings with it several possible issues, including the self-scheduling done by the participants. Research on performance between students who sign up early versus late in the semester has been inconsistent. Some research report benefits for early participant semesters, while others find no differences between the two groups. Anecdotally, it seems that the former holds true, as many researchers worry about the data collected late in the semester, sometimes opting for more motivated earlier participants in the next semester...
September 21, 2016: Vision Research
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