keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Traumatic brain injury rehabilitation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923754/successful-coil-embolization-of-pediatric-carotid-cavernous-fistula-due-to-ruptured-post-traumatic-giant-internal-carotid-artery-aneurysm
#1
Daisuke Wajima, Ichiro Nakagawa, Hun Soo Park, Shohei Yokoyama, Takeshi Wada, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyuki Nakase
BACKGROUND: The goal of the treatment of direct carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is to occlude the arteriovenous shunt and to preserve the patency of the concerned internal carotid artery (ICA). However, for the ipsilateral post-traumatic fragile cerebrum, coil embolization plus parent artery occlusion for the high flow direct CCF would be better for the prevention of hyper-perfusion syndrome and the intracranial hemorrhage. We experienced such a case and managed it successfully. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 6-year-old boy was suffered from severe head trauma caused by being hit by a car...
December 3, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919750/mapping-the-functional-connectome-in-traumatic-brain-injury-what-can-graph-metrics-tell-us
#2
Karen Caeyenberghs, Helena Verhelst, Adam Clemente, Peter H Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with cognitive and motor deficits, and poses a significant personal, societal, and economic burden. One mechanism by which TBI is thought to affect cognition and behaviour is through changes in functional connectivity. Graph theory is a powerful framework for quantifying topological features of neuroimaging-derived functional networks. The objective of this paper is to review studies examining functional connectivity in TBI with an emphasis on graph theoretical analysis that is proving to be valuable in uncovering network abnormalities in this condition...
December 2, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916756/-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-for-higher-brain-function-deficits
#3
Yukichi Inoue
The management of higher brain dysfunctions such as stroke-induced unilateral spatial neglect (USN) or aphasia is crucial because these dysfunctions have devastating neurological repercussions on the patients' daily life and quality of life. Impairment of the physiological interhemispheric rivalry is often the result of brain insults such as strokes or traumatic injuries, and it may lead to USN or aphasia. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), a non-invasive brain stimulation method, is a promising tool for restoring the pathological imbalance in interhemispheric rivalry by either suppressing the hyperactivity of the unaffected hemisphere or facilitating hypoactivity in the affected hemisphere...
December 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913796/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-assisted-intention-monitoring-for-the-rehabilitation-of-executive-impairments-following-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Fergus Gracey, Jessica E Fish, Eve Greenfield, Andrew Bateman, Donna Malley, Gemma Hardy, Jessica Ingham, Jonathan J Evans, Tom Manly
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can impair executive function, impeding planning and attainment of intentions. Research shows promise for some goal-management rehabilitation interventions. However, evidence that alerts assist monitoring and completion of day-to-day intentions is limited. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of brief goal-directed rehabilitation paired with periodic SMS text messages designed to enhance executive monitoring of intentions (assisted intention monitoring [AIM])...
December 2, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911071/severe-brain-injury-in-massachusetts-assessing-the-continuum-of-care
#5
Laura Lorenz, Gabrielle Katz
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is a major public health problem in Massachusetts (Hackman et al, 2014) and includes traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke, ABI-related infectious diseases, metabolic disorders affecting the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and brain tumor. Advances in emergency medical care and neurosurgery mean that more people are surviving severe traumatic brain injury (Trexler et al, 2014). Yet many patients with severe TBI in particular, are not receiving inpatient services after initial treatment (Hackman et al, 2014; CDC, 2014) or later that are known to be effective (Malec & Kean, 2015; Lewis & Horn, 2015; BI Commission, 2011; Kolakowsky-Hayner et al, 2000; Interviews)...
December 10, 2015: Issue Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905155/optimising-qualitative-longitudinal-analysis-insights-from-a-study-of-traumatic-brain-injury-recovery-and-adaptation
#6
Joanna K Fadyl, Alexis Channon, Alice Theadom, Kathryn M McPherson
Knowledge about aspects that influence recovery and adaptation in the postacute phase of disabling health events is key to understanding how best to provide appropriate rehabilitation and health services. Qualitative longitudinal research makes it possible to look for patterns, key time points and critical moments that could be vital for interventions and supports. However, strategies that support robust data management and analysis for longitudinal qualitative research in health-care are not well documented in the literature...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894286/the-family-experiences-of-in-hospital-care-questionnaire-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-fecq-tbi-a-validation-study
#7
Audny Anke, Unn Sollid Manskow, Oddgeir Friborg, Cecilie Røe, Cathrine Arntzen
BACKGROUND: Family members are important for support and care of their close relative after severe traumas, and their experiences are vital health care quality indicators. The objective was to describe the development of the Family Experiences of in-hospital Care Questionnaire for family members of patients with severe Traumatic Brain Injury (FECQ-TBI), and to evaluate its psychometric properties and validity. METHODS: The design of the study is a Norwegian multicentre study inviting 171 family members...
November 28, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893670/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-lebanon-a-systematic-review
#8
Hussein Abou-Abbass, Hisham Bahmad, Hiba Ghandour, Jawad Fares, Rayyan Wazzi-Mkahal, Basel Yacoub, Hala Darwish, Stefania Mondello, Hayat Harati, Mazen J El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Firas Kobeissy
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a debilitating medical and emerging public health problem that is affecting people worldwide due to a multitude of factors including both domestic and war-related acts. The objective of this paper is to systematically review the status of TBI in Lebanon - a Middle Eastern country with a weak health system that was chartered by several wars and intermittent outbursts of violence - in order to identify the present gaps in knowledge, direct future research initiatives and to assist policy makers in planning progressive and rehabilitative policies...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874023/methylphenidate-and-memory-and-attention-adaptation-training-for-persistent-cognitive-symptoms-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
Brenna C McDonald, Laura A Flashman, David B Arciniegas, Robert J Ferguson, Li Xing, Jaroslaw Harezlak, Gwen C Sprehn, Flora M Hammond, Arthur C Maerlender, Carrie L Kruck, Karen L Gillock, Kim Frey, Rachel N Wall, Andrew J Saykin, Thomas W McAllister
The purpose of this multicenter, prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of two cognitive rehabilitation interventions (Memory and Attention Adaptation Training (MAAT) and Attention Builders Training (ABT)), with and without pharmacologic enhancement (ie, with methylphenidate (MPH) or placebo), for treating persistent cognitive problems after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Adults with a history of TBI at least four months prior to study enrollment with either objective cognitive deficits or subjective cognitive complaints were randomized to receive MPH or placebo and MAAT or ABT, yielding four treatment combinations: MAAT/MPH (N=17), ABT/MPH (N=19), MAAT/placebo (N=17), and ABT/placebo (N=18)...
November 22, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871218/the-validity-of-the-brain-injury-cognitive-screen-bics-as-a-neuropsychological-screening-assessment-for-traumatic-and-non-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Frances L Vaughan, Jo Anne Neal, Farzana Nizam Mulla, Barbara Edwards, Rudi Coetzer
OBJECTIVE: The Brain Injury Cognitive Screen (BICS) was developed as an in-service cognitive assessment battery for acquired brain injury patients entering community rehabilitation. The BICS focuses on domains that are particularly compromised following TBI, and provides a broader and more detailed assessment of executive function, attention and information processing than comparable screening assessments. The BICS also includes brief assessments of perception, naming, and construction, which were predicted to be more sensitive to impairments following non-traumatic brain injury...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868069/early-inflammatory-response-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rabbits-using-uspio-and-gd-enhanced-mri
#11
Lin Ouyang, Si Zeng, Gang Zheng, Guang Ming Lu
Purpose. To monitor the inflammatory response (IR) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) before and after the rehabilitation of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in rabbits using USPIO- and Gd-enhanced MRI. Materials and Methods. Twenty white big-eared rabbits with mild TBI (mTBI) were randomly and equally divided into four groups. Rabbits were sacrificed for the brain specimens immediately after the last MRI-monitoring. Sequences were tse-T1WI, tse-T2WI, Gd-T1WI, and USPIO-T1WI. Dynamical MRI presentations were evaluated and compared with pathological findings for each group...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867878/prevalence-of-hypothalamo-pituitary-dysfunction-in-patients-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
K V S Hari Kumar, M N Swamy, M A Khan
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common in young soldiers of armed forces leading to significant morbidity and mortality. We studied the prevalence of hypopituitarism following TBI and its association with trauma severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a 12-month prospective study of 56 TBI patients for the presence of hormonal dysfunction. Hormonal parameters were estimated during the early phase (0-10 days posttraumatically) and after 6 and 12 months...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863093/potential-effect-of-mechano-growth-factor-e-domain-peptide-on-axonal-guidance-growth-in-primary-cultured-cortical-neurons-of-rats
#13
Meili Liu, Xufeng Niu, Gang Zhou, Zhengtai Jia, Ping Li, Yubo Fan
Establishing appropriate synaptic connections and plasticity is a critical need in neuronal regeneration and development. Mechano growth factor (MGF) and its C-terminal E-domain peptide with 24 amino acids, MGF-Ct24E, are potential neuroprotective agents. Our preliminary study indicates that Netrin-1 can guide axonal growth and its expression is sensitive to MGF, but how MGF regulates the expression of Netrin-1 and its receptor DCC is still unclear. Here, we investigate the effect of MGF-Ct24E on the expression of Netrin-1 and DCC in primary cultured cortical neurons in vitro and the adult rat brain in vivo...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858724/the-effect-of-combined-therapies-on-recovery-after-acquired-brain-injury-systematic-review-of-preclinical-studies-combining-enriched-environment-exercise-or-task-specific-training-with-other-therapies
#14
Hana Malá, Camilla Pihl Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injuries (ABI) have devastating effects for the affected individual as well as society. Many studies have investigated the effect of different monotherapies. However, functional recovery is typically only partial. One possible strategy to promote a greater degree of recovery is to apply monotherapies in combination with one or more treatments. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review is to investigate if approaches combining enriched environment (EE), exercise, or task-specific training with other monotherapies, further enhance the degree of recovery after ABI...
November 16, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855720/pharmacological-interventions-for-agitation-in-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
David R Williamson, Anne Julie Frenette, Lisa Burry, Marc M Perreault, Emmanuel Charbonney, François Lamontagne, Marie-Julie Potvin, Jean-François Giguère, Sangeeta Mehta, Francis Bernard
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a worldwide leading cause of mortality and disability. Among TBI complications, agitation is a frequent behavioural problem. Agitation causes potential harm to patients and caregivers, interferes with treatments, leads to unnecessary chemical and physical restraints, increases hospital length of stay, delays rehabilitation, and impedes functional independence. Pharmacological treatments are often considered for agitation management following TBI...
November 17, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854141/cognitive-and-academic-achievement-changes-associated-with-day-hospital-rehabilitation-in-children-with-acquired-brain-injury
#16
Gerald Goldstein, Joan Mayfield, Nicholas S Thaler, Jon Walker, Daniel N Allen
An evaluation was made of the outcome of a day hospital rehabilitation program for children who experienced an acquired neurological illness, mainly traumatic brain injury. Participants were administered neuropsychological and academic evaluations upon entry to the program, immediately upon discharge and several months after discharge Repeated measures ANOVA results for variables selected from the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment and the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System found that comparisons showed significant (≥p < ...
November 17, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845195/binge-ethanol-in-adulthood-exacerbates-negative-outcomes-following-juvenile-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Kate Karelina, Kristopher R Gaier, Maya Prabhu, Vanessa Wenger, Timothy Ed Corrigan, Zachary M Weil
Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are a major public health problem with enormous costs in terms of health care dollars, lost productivity, and reduced quality of life. Alcohol is bidirectionally linked to TBI as many TBI patients are intoxicated at the time of their injury and we recently reported that, in accordance with human epidemiological data, animals injured during juvenile development self-administered significantly more alcohol as adults than did sham injured mice. There are also clinical data that drinking after TBI significantly reduces the efficacy of rehabilitation and leads to poorer long-term outcomes...
November 11, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844291/peptide-pharmacological-approaches-to-treating-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-for-arginine-rich-peptides
#18
REVIEW
Li Shan Chiu, Ryan S Anderton, Neville W Knuckey, Bruno P Meloni
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has a devastating effect on victims and their families, and has profound negative societal and economic impacts, a situation that is further compounded by the lack of effective treatments to minimise injury after TBI. The current strategy for managing TBI is partly through preventative measures and partly through surgical and rehabilitative interventions. Secondary brain damage remains the principal focus for the development of a neuroprotective therapeutic. However, the complexity of TBI pathophysiology has meant that single-action pharmacological agents have been largely unsuccessful in combatting the associated brain injury cascades, while combination therapies to date have proved equally ineffective...
November 14, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834788/the-role-of-physical-exercise-in-cognitive-recovery-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#19
Timothy Morris, Joyce Gomes-Osman, David Costa-Miserachs, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence revealing exercise-induced effects on brain structure and cognitive function across the lifespan. Animal models of traumatic brain injury also suggest exercise is capable of modulating not only the pathophysiological changes following trauma but also the associated cognitive deficits. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of physical exercise on cognitive impairment following traumatic brain injury in humans. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed database was performed using the search terms "cognition" and "executive function, memory or attention", "traumatic brain injury" and "physical exercise"...
November 8, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833541/cognitive-training-for-post-acute-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Harry Hallock, Daniel Collins, Amit Lampit, Kiran Deol, Jennifer Fleming, Michael Valenzuela
Objective: To quantitatively aggregate effects of cognitive training (CT) on cognitive and functional outcome measures in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) more than 12-months post-injury. Design: We systematically searched six databases for non-randomized and randomized controlled trials of CT in TBI patients at least 12-months post-injury reporting cognitive and/or functional outcomes. Main Measures: Efficacy was measured as standardized mean difference (Hedges' g) of post-training change. We investigated heterogeneity across studies using subgroup analyses and meta-regressions...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
47955
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"