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Traumatic brain injury rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781729/positive-psychology-perspective-on-traumatic-brain-injury-recovery-and-rehabilitation
#1
Amanda R Rabinowitz, Peter A Arnett
Recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) is heterogeneous, with injury characteristics and neuropathological findings accounting for a relatively modest proportion of the variance in clinical outcome. Furthermore, premorbid personality traits and psychological characteristics may moderate psychosocial recovery. Constructs from the field of positive psychology have been examined in multiple illness populations and are increasingly gaining attention as factors that may influence recovery from TBI. Positive affect, hope, optimism, adaptive coping style, and resilience have all been examined in the context of TBI...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778065/reliability-of-the-sub-components-of-the-instrumented-timed-up-and-go-test-in-ambulatory-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-typically-developed-controls
#2
Mark A Newman, Mark A Hirsch, Richard D Peindl, Nahir A Habet, Tobias J Tsai, Michael S Runyon, Toan Huynh, Nigel Zheng
BACKGROUND: Studies have evaluated the test-re-test reliability of subcomponents of the timed up and-go test in adults by using body-worn inertial sensors. However, studies in children have not been reported in the literature. RESEARCH QUESTION: To evaluate the within-session reliability of subcomponents of a newly developed electronically augmented timed 'upand-go' test (EATUG) in ambulatory children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and children with typical development (TD)...
May 16, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764704/current-understanding-of-neuroinflammation-after-traumatic-brain-injury-and-cell-based-therapeutic-opportunities
#3
REVIEW
Ye Xiong, Asim Mahmood, Michael Chopp
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Increasing evidence indicates that TBI is an important risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Despite improved supportive and rehabilitative care of TBI patients, unfortunately, all late phase clinical trials in TBI have yet to yield a safe and effective neuroprotective treatment. The disappointing clinical trials may be attributed to variability in treatment approaches and heterogeneity of the population of TBI patients as well as a race against time to prevent or reduce inexorable cell death...
April 24, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760552/patients-receiving-chiropractic-care-in-a-neurorehabilitation-hospital-a-descriptive-study
#4
Robert D Vining, Stacie A Salsbury, W Carl Cooley, Donna Gosselin, Lance Corber, Christine M Goertz
Objectives: Individuals rehabilitating from complex neurological injury require a multidisciplinary approach, which typically does not include chiropractic care. This study describes inpatients receiving multidisciplinary rehabilitation including chiropractic care for brain injury, spinal cord injury (SCI), stroke, and other complex neurological conditions. Design: Chiropractic services were integrated into Crotched Mountain Specialty Hospital (CMSH) through this project...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757066/reliability-and-clinical-feasibility-of-measuring-dual-task-gait-in-the-inpatient-rehabilitation-setting-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Lauren Rachal, Chad Swank, Elaine Trudelle-Jackson, Simon Driver
BACKGROUND: To prepare patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) for discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, physical therapists may incorporate dual-task gait activities. Reliability of common dual-task measures for people with TBI in inpatient rehabilitation is undetermined. Our purpose was to assess inter-rater and intra-rater reliability and clinical feasibility of dual-task measures [Walking While Talking Test (WWTT), Modified Walking and Remembering Task (mWART), Timed Up and Go-cognitive (TUG-COG)] in inpatient rehabilitation for patients with TBI...
May 14, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751966/outcomes-in-nursing-home-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Stephanie N Lueckel, Cyrus M Kosar, Joan M Teno, Sean F Monaghan, Daithi S Heffernan, William G Cioffi, Kali S Thomas
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. In survivors, traumatic brain injury remains a leading contributor to long-term disability and results in many patients being admitted to skilled nursing facilities for postacute care. Despite this very large population of traumatic brain injury patients, very little is known about the long-term outcomes of traumatic brain injury survivors, including rates of discharge to home or risk of death in long-term nursing facilities...
May 9, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745289/the-experience-of-return-to-work-in-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi-a-qualitative-study
#7
Lauren Libeson, Marina Downing, Pamela Ross, Jennie Ponsford
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a leading cause of disability in young people, with return to work (RTW) a major goal of recovery. This qualitative study aimed to understand the RTW experience of individuals with TBI who received comprehensive vocational rehabilitation, and to identify facilitating and limiting factors in the RTW process. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 individuals (mean age = 47.33 years) approximately 4.5 years post-injury, of whom 14 had moderate to severe TBI. Twelve individuals had successfully returned to work...
May 10, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741076/monitoring-of-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-in-patients-with-severe-brain-injury-on-first-access-to-intensive-neurological-rehabilitation-first-year-of-observation
#8
Gianfranco Beghi, Antonio De Tanti, Paolo Serafini, Chiara Bertolino, Antonietta Celentano, Graziella Taormina
Nosocomial or hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) is an illness contracted during a hospital stay, generally with onset 48 hours or more after admission to hospital, or within 14 days of discharge from hospital. HAP is divided into subgroups: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), accounting for 86% of hospital acquired pneumonia, and stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP). The incidence of SAP in neurological intensive care units (NICUs) is 4.1-56.6%, in medical intensive care units (MICUs) it is 17-50%, in stroke units it is 3...
May 9, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738278/functional-outcomes-following-post-acute-rehabilitation-for-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Amy M Rosenbaum, Wayne A Gordon, Antigone Joannou, Brady A Berman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the benefits of long-term inpatient rehabilitation for individuals with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). METHODS: Retrospective database review of 67 individuals with moderate-to-severe TBI admitted to a specialised inpatient TBI program. Outcome measures are as follows: (1) functional independence measure + functional assessment measure (FIM+FAM; admission, discharge, change scores); (2) discharge designation (community vs...
May 8, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737870/the-effect-of-donepezil-on-the-cognitive-ability-early-in-the-course-of-recovery-from-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Kelsey A Campbell, Richard E Kennedy, Robert C Brunner, Sean D Hollis, Ross A Lumsden, Thomas A Novack
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of donepezil on cognitive ability in patients who have sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI). We hypothesized that donepezil, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, would enhance cognitive recovery beyond that of usual care in an acute rehabilitation facility. METHODS: This retrospective, longitudinal analysis included 55 patients who were non-randomly prescribed donepezil during acute care and compared them to 74 patients who received usual rehabilitation treatment...
May 8, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736101/comparative-study-of-two-systems-for-the-assessment-of-static-balance-in-veterans-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Azadeh Leland, Kamran Tavakol, Joel Scholten, Simin Bakhshi, Kaveh Kelarestaghi
Background: Traditionally, the diagnosis of postural instability relies on the clinical examination of static balance. In recent years, computerized technologies have provided a new approach for the accurate detection of positional changes during functional balance. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the similarities and differences between two electronic systems, NeuroCom and BioSensics , and their application in the clinical assessment of impaired balance in American veterans...
April 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736061/impact-of-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-on-activities-of-daily-living-and-community-reintegration-of-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Amrita Kanchan, Amool Ranjan Singh, Nawab Akhtar Khan, Masroor Jahan, Rajesh Raman, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Objectives: The present study was targeted to observe the impact of neuropsychological rehabilitation on activities of daily living (ADL) and community reintegration of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Settings and Participants: Based on purposive sampling technique, ten patients with TBI falling in the age range of 20-40 years and fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria were chosen from All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733624/external-modulation-of-the-sustained-attention-network-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Nadine M Richard, Charlene O'Connor, Ayan Dey, Ian H Robertson, Brian Levine
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with impairments in processing speed as well as higher-level cognitive functions that depend on distributed neural networks, such as regulating and sustaining attention. Although exogenous alerting cues have been shown to support patients in sustaining attentive, goal-directed behavior, the neural correlates of this rehabilitative effect are unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of moderate to severe TBI on activity and functional connectivity in the well-documented right-lateralized frontal-subcortical-parietal sustained attention network, and to assess the effects of alerting cues...
May 7, 2018: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729228/the-impact-of-stigma-on-community-reintegration-of-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-the-well-being-of-their-caregivers
#14
Sean M Phelan, Lauren R Bangerter, Greta Friedemann-Sanchez, Kandace A Lackore, Megan A Morris, Courtney H Van Houtven, Kathleen F Carlson, Michelle van Ryn, Kristin J Harden, Joan M Griffin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between perceived stigma and discrimination and caregiver strain, caregiver well-being, and patient community reintegration. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey study of 564 informal caregivers of Veterans of US wars in Iraq and Afghanistan who experienced traumatic brain injuries or polytrauma (TBI/PT). SETTING: Care settings of community dwelling former inpatients of any US Veterans Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center...
May 2, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725174/clinico-radiologic-profile-of-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-in-western-rajasthan
#15
Pawan Kumar Dara, Manish Parakh, Shyama Choudhary, Hemant Jangid, Priyanka Kumari, Satyendra Khichar
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinico-radiological profile and outcome of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Intensive Care Unit, ward and OPD of Pediatrics, Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur (tertiary care hospital). Participants: A total of 188 children (1 month-18 years) were enrolled and 108 admitted. Intervention: TBI classified as mild, moderate, or severe TBI...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720544/advantages-of-virtual-reality-in-the-rehabilitation-of-balance-and-gait-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Desiderio Cano Porras, Petra Siemonsma, Rivka Inzelberg, Gabriel Zeilig, Meir Plotnik
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) has emerged as a therapeutic tool facilitating motor learning for balance and gait rehabilitation. The evidence, however, has not yet resulted in standardized guidelines. The aim of this study was to systematically review the application of VR-based rehabilitation of balance and gait in 6 neurologic cohorts, describing methodologic quality, intervention programs, and reported efficacy. METHODS: This study follows the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses...
May 2, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718728/extra-practice-outside-therapy-sessions-to-maximize-training-opportunity-during-inpatient-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Joan Leung, Sarah Fereday, Bridget Sticpewich, Joe Hanna
OBJECTIVE: To determine if extra practice outside therapy sessions can be conducted for patients with traumatic brain injury and identify factors that influence their participation. METHODS: A purpose-designed survey was conducted on consecutive eligible patients with traumatic brain injury and their relatives on discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. RESULTS: In total, 68 of the 69 of patients who took part in the survey reported that they participated in extra practice outside therapy sessions...
May 2, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714644/functional-outcomes-in-patients-with-co-occurring-traumatic-brain-injury-and-spinal-cord-injury-from-an-inpatient-rehabilitation-facility-s-perspective
#18
Kristin L Garlanger, Lisa A Beck, Andrea L Cheville
OBJECTIVE: To examine the occurrence and severity of co-occurring traumatic brain injury (TBI) in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI), i.e. dual diagnosis (DD), and to describe differences in functional outcomes between persons with DD and SCI only from an inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF) perspective. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical chart review. SETTING: Acute Midwest SCI inpatient rehabilitation facility. PARTICIPANTS: 256 persons age 18-80 years with acute traumatic SCI (AIS A-E, C1-S3 level of injury) from 2002-2012...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712508/a-qualitative-investigation-of-masculine-identity-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Ruth MacQueen, Paul Fisher, Deirdre Williams
Men are twice as likely as women to experience a traumatic brain injury (TBI), suggesting that aspects of masculine identity contribute to how people acquire their brain injuries. Research also suggests that masculine identity impacts on how people manage their health experiences. The current study aimed to explore the experience of masculine identity following TBI. Individual interviews were conducted with 10 men aged 21-67 years who had experienced a TBI. All were living in the community. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to consider lived experiences and to explore the meaning of the TBI experience in relation to masculine identity...
April 30, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708447/prevalence-and-predictors-of-tobacco-smoking-in-veterans-and-service-members-following-traumatic-brain-injury-rehabilitation-a-va-tbims-study
#20
Marc A Silva, Heather G Belanger, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Xinyu Tang, Tamara McKenzie-Hartman, Risa Nakase-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To identify prevalence and predictors of tobacco smoking among veterans and military service members (V/SM) with traumatic brain injury (TBI) admitted for rehabilitation. METHODS: Participants were drawn from the VA TBI Model Systems multicentre longitudinal research study. Tobacco smoking was assessed both preinjury and at 1- or 2-year post-TBI follow-up for 336 participants. RESULTS: Smoking prevalence was 32% preinjury and 28% at follow-up...
April 30, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
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