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Traumatic brain injury rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102739/perceptions-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adults-a-scoping-review
#1
Katie Mah, Andrea Hickling, Nick Reed
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to synthesise the scholarly literature related to perceptions of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and health outcomes in an adult population. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken. An electronic search of seven databases was conducted. Studies were included if (1) they related to perceptions of mild traumatic brain injury, (2) the population was adults with mild traumatic brain injury, and (3) health outcomes were reported...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102097/familiar-auditory-sensory-training-in-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-study
#2
Emily Galassi Sullivan, Ann Guernon, Brett Blabas, Amy A Herrold, Theresa L-B Pape
PURPOSE: The evaluation and treatment for patients with prolonged periods of seriously impaired consciousness following traumatic brain injury (TBI), such as a vegetative or minimally conscious state, poses considerable challenges, particularly in the chronic phases of recovery. METHOD: This blinded crossover study explored the effects of familiar auditory sensory training (FAST) compared with a sham stimulation in a patient seven years post severe TBI. Baseline data were collected over 4 weeks to account for variability in status with neurobehavioral measures, including the Disorders of Consciousness scale (DOCS), Coma Near Coma scale (CNC), and Consciousness Screening Algorithm...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095027/severe-and-extensive-traumatic-axonal-injury-following-minor-and-indirect-head-trauma
#3
Sung Ho Jang, Han Do Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study reports on a patient with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) who showed severe and extensive traumatic axonal injury (TAI) of various neural tracts following minor and indirect head trauma, which was demonstrated by diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 26-year-old female patient suffered from indirect head trauma resulting from flexion-hyperextension injury after being hit from behind by a slowly moving car. At the time of head trauma, she felt tingling sensation on her four extremities; however, she did not experience loss of consciousness...
January 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093370/a-comparison-of-locomotor-therapy-interventions-partial-body-weight-supported-treadmill-lokomat%C3%A2-and-g-eo%C3%A2-training-in-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Alberto Esquenazi, Stella Lee, Amanda Wikoff, Andrew Packel, Theresa Toczylowski, John Feeley
BACKGROUND: Literature in the application of gait training techniques in persons with traumatic brain injury is limited. Current techniques require of multiple staff and are physically demanding. The use of a robotic locomotor training may provide improved training capacity for this population. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of three different modes of locomotor therapy on gait velocity and spatiotemporal symmetry using: an end effector robot (G-EO™); a robotic exoskeleton (Lokomat®) and manual assisted partial-body weight supported treadmill training (PBWSTT) in participants with traumatic brain injury...
January 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068845/post-traumatic-growth-in-adult-survivors-of-brain-injury-a-qualitative-study-of-participants-completing-a-pilot-trial-of-brief-positive-psychotherapy
#5
Olga Karagiorgou, Jonathan J Evans, Breda Cullen
PURPOSE: Post-traumatic growth (PTG) can occur following acquired brain injury (ABI). It has been proposed that people experiencing psychological distress following ABI may benefit from a positive psychotherapy intervention (PPT) aimed at increasing well-being; PPT may also influence PTG. We aimed to investigate PTG experiences in participants of a positive psychotherapy pilot trial. METHODS: ABI survivors who had received PPT or treatment as usual (TAU) were interviewed individually after the end of the trial...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060211/service-delivery-in-the-healthcare-and-educational-systems-for-children-following-traumatic-brain-injury-gaps-in-care
#6
Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Angela Ciccia, Jonathan Dodd, Deborah Ettel, Brad Kurowski, Angela Lumba-Brown, Stacy Suskauer
OBJECTIVE: To provide a review of evidence and consensus-based description of healthcare and educational service delivery and related recommendations for children with traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Literature review and group discussion of best practices in management of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) was performed to facilitate consensus-based recommendations from the American Congress on Rehabilitation Medicine's Pediatric and Adolescent Task Force on Brain Injury...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060205/reductions-in-alexithymia-and-emotion-dysregulation-after-training-emotional-self-awareness-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-phase-i-trial
#7
Dawn Neumann, James F Malec, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVES: To examine the acceptability and initial efficacy of an emotional self-awareness treatment at reducing alexithymia and emotion dysregulation in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: An outpatient rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen adults with moderate to severe TBI and alexithymia. Time postinjury ranged 1 to 33 years. DESIGN: Within subject design, with 3 assessment times: baseline, posttest, and 2-month follow-up...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060203/predictors-of-employment-outcomes-in-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-va-traumatic-brain-injury-model-systems-study
#8
Christina Dillahunt-Aspillaga, Risa Nakase-Richardson, Tessa Hart, Gail Powell-Cope, Laura E Dreer, Blessen C Eapen, Scott D Barnett, Dave Mellick, Adam Haskin, Marc A Silva
OBJECTIVES: To examine the length of time to return to work (RTW) among service members and veterans (SM/V) with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify variables predictive of RTW. SETTING: Department of Veterans Affairs Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers (VA PRC). PARTICIPANTS: SM/V enrolled in the VA PRC Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems database who were of 18 to 60 years of age and admitted with the diagnosis of TBI. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060056/military-civilian-collaborations-for-mtbi-rehabilitation-research-in-an-active-duty-population-lessons-learned-from-the-assessment-of-military-multitasking-performance-project
#9
Karen L McCulloch, Amy S Cecchini, Mary V Radomski, Matthew R Scherer, Laurel Smith, Caroline Cleveland, Henry P McMillan, Leslie F Davidson, Margaret M Weightman
This article describes lessons learned in the planning, development, and administration of a collaborative military-civilian research project, the Assessment of Military Multitasking Performance, which was designed to address a gap in clinical assessment for active duty service members with mild traumatic brain injury who wish to return to active duty. Our team worked over the course of multiple years to develop an assessment for military therapists to address this need. Insights gained through trial and error are shared to provide guidance for civilian researchers who may wish to collaborate with active duty researchers...
January 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059799/self-awareness-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-pilot-study-to%C3%A2-compare-two-group-therapies
#10
Jessica Rigon, Roberto Burro, Cecilia Guariglia, Manuela Maini, Dario Marin, Paola Ciurli, Umberto Bivona, Rita Formisano
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Deficits of self-awareness (SA) are very common after severe acquired brain injury (sABI), especially in traumatic brain injury (TBI), playing an important role in the efficacy of the rehabilitation process. This pilot study provides information regarding two structured group therapies for disorders of SA. METHODS: Nine patients with severe TBI were consecutively recruited and randomly assigned to one SA group therapy programme, according either to the model proposed by Ben-Yishay & Lakin (1989) (B&L Group), or by Sohlberg & Mateer (1989) (S&M Group)...
January 3, 2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057075/the-efficacy-of-prospective-memory-rehabilitation-plus-metacognitive-skills-training-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Jennifer Fleming, Tamara Ownsworth, Emmah Doig, Lauren Hutton, Janelle Griffin, Melissa Kendall, David H K Shum
BACKGROUND: Impairment of prospective memory (PM) is common following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and negatively impacts on independent living. Compensatory approaches to PM rehabilitation have been found to minimize the impact of PM impairment in adults with TBI; however, poor self-awareness after TBI poses a major barrier to the generalization of compensatory strategies in daily life. Metacognitive skills training (MST) is a cognitive rehabilitation approach that aims to facilitate the development of self-awareness in adults with TBI...
January 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056045/further-development-of-the-assessment-of-military-multitasking-performance-iterative-reliability-testing
#12
Margaret M Weightman, Karen L McCulloch, Mary V Radomski, Marsha Finkelstein, Amy S Cecchini, Leslie F Davidson, Kristin J Heaton, Laurel B Smith, Matthew R Scherer
The Assessment of Military Multitasking Performance (AMMP) is a battery of functional dual-tasks and multitasks based on military activities that target known sensorimotor, cognitive, and exertional vulnerabilities after concussion/mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The AMMP was developed to help address known limitations in post concussive return to duty assessment and decision making. Once validated, the AMMP is intended for use in combination with other metrics to inform duty-readiness decisions in Active Duty Service Members following concussion...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052919/traumatic-brain-injuries-in-older-adults-6-years-of-data-for-one-uk-trauma-centre-retrospective-analysis-of-prospectively-collected-data
#13
Carol Hawley, Magdy Sakr, Sarah Scapinello, Jesse Salvo, Paul Wrenn
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine the incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in older adults and investigate the relationship between injury characteristics and outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data submitted to Trauma Audit and Research Network (TARN) database for a major trauma centre in the West Midlands, UK, from 2008 to 2014. The Mayo Scale was used to categorise TBI. All patients were aged ≥65 years and were admitted with head or brain injuries meeting TARN inclusion criteria: injury resulting in immediate admission to hospital for 3 days, admitted to a high dependency area or death following trauma...
January 4, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043199/association-between-cognitive-impairments-and-obsessive-compulsive-spectrum-presentations-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Michelle Rydon-Grange, Rudi Coetzer
This study examined the association between self-reported obsessive-compulsive spectrum symptomatology and cognitive performance in a sample of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Twenty-four adults with a moderate-severe TBI accessing a community brain injury rehabilitation service were recruited. Age ranged between 19 and 69 years. Participants completed a battery of neuropsychological tasks assessing memory, executive functioning, and speed of information processing. Self-report questionnaires assessing obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) traits were also completed...
January 2, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030509/impact-of-early-operative-pelvic-fixation-on-long-term-self-reported-outcome-following-severe-pelvic-fracture
#15
John P Sharpe, Louis J Magnotti, Wade C Gobbell, Xin Huang, Edward A Perez, Timothy C Fabian, Martin A Croce
BACKGROUND: Traumatic disruption of the pelvic ring is a significant cause of life-threatening hemorrhage. For those patients who survive the initial injury, these fractures are associated with long periods of immobilization and intense rehabilitation. There is little published information available regarding long-term functional outcomes in these patients. This study evaluated the impact of severe pelvic fractures on those long-term outcomes. METHODS: All patients with severe pelvic fractures over an 18-year period were identified...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005191/central-nervous-system-adaptation-after-ligamentous-injury-a-summary-of-theories-evidence-and-clinical-interpretation
#16
REVIEW
Alan R Needle, Adam S Lepley, Dustin R Grooms
The array of dysfunction occurring after ligamentous injury is tied to long-term clinical impairments in functional performance, joint stability, and health-related quality of life. To appropriately treat individuals, and in an attempt to avoid sequelae such as post-traumatic osteoarthritis, investigators have sought to better establish the etiology of the persistent dysfunction present in patients who have sustained joint ligament injuries to the lower extremities. Recent evidence has suggested that changes within the brain and central nervous system may underlie these functional deficits, with support arising from direct neurophysiologic measures of somatosensory dysfunction, motor system excitability, and plasticity of neural networks...
December 22, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976928/post-acute-care-referral-and-inpatient-rehabilitation-admission-criteria-for-persons-with-brain-injury-across-two-canadian-provinces
#17
Bonnie Swaine, Nora Cullen, Frédéric Messier, Mark Bayley, André Lavoie, Shawn Marshall, Marie-Josée Sirois, Alexis Turgeon-Fournier, Julie Lamoureux, Priscilla Lam Wai Shun
PURPOSE: Investigate health care providers' perceptions of referral and admission criteria to brain injury inpatient rehabilitation in two Canadian provinces. METHODS: Health care providers (n = 345) from brain injury programs (13 acute care and 16 rehabilitation facilities) participated in a cross-sectional web-based survey. The participants rated the likelihood of patients (traumatic brain injury and cerebral hypoxia) to be referred/admitted to rehabilitation and the influence of 19 additional factors (e...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955825/possession-of-weapon-and-school-violence-among-adolescents-and-their-association-with-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury-substance-use-and-mental-health-issues
#18
Gabriela Ilie, Robert E Mann, Angela Boak, Hayley A Hamilton, Jürgen Rehm, Michael D Cusimano
PURPOSE: Assessment of the association between illegal possession of weapon and assault on school property among adolescents with and without a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) while assessing risk factors for these outcomes. METHODS: Data were derived from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health's 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey completed by students in grades 7-12 (ages 11-20). RESULTS: In this sample of 5478 adolescents, 6...
September 16, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941413/agitation-in-patients-recovering-from-traumatic-brain-injury-nursing-management
#19
Diane Schretzman Mortimer, Wesley Berg
This article reviews clinical and research literature regarding the nursing management of agitation after severe traumatic brain injury. Neuroscience nurses in acute rehabilitation settings use an evidence-based approach to perform multifaceted assessments and implement effective individualized plans of care. These essential efforts minimize the effects of agitation and help patients achieve optimal outcomes.
December 8, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936939/a-study-of-the-internal-construct-and-predictive-validity-of-the-smart-assessment-for-emergence-from-vegetative-state
#20
A Tennant, H Gill-Thwaites
OBJECTIVE: The Sensory Modality Assessment and Rehabilitation Technique (SMART) was developed to assess the levels of awareness, functional, sensory and communicative abilities of adults in vegetative (VS) or minimally-conscious states following severe brain injury. The current study seeks to ascertain if a total score can be derived from the individual assessments contained within SMART and to test the internal construct and predictive validity of that total score. SUBJECTS: Persons in VS were recruited over a 3-year period and current status was determined after a 17-year follow-up...
December 12, 2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
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