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Distress intolerance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072319/in-the-mind-s-eye-the-late-positive-potential-to-negative-and-neutral-mental-imagery-and-intolerance-of-uncertainty
#1
Annmarie MacNamara
There are many advantages to human beings' ability to generate and sustain mental imagery in the absence of exteroceptive stimuli; however, this ability may also underlie emotional disorders characterized by worry, rumination, or excessive concern about the future. For instance, fear-based disorders may be characterized by heightened ERPs to negative imagery. On the other hand, distress disorders may be characterized by attempts to avoid engaging with negative mental imagery, and therefore reduced electrocortical response...
October 26, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049901/the-efficacy-of-aerobic-exercise-and-resistance-training-as-transdiagnostic-interventions-for-anxiety-related-disorders-and-constructs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Daniel M LeBouthillier, Gordon J G Asmundson
Evidence supports exercise as an intervention for many mental health concerns; however, randomized controlled investigations of the efficacy of different exercise modalities and predictors of change are lacking. The purposes of the current trial were to: (1) quantify the effects of aerobic exercise and resistance training on anxiety-related disorder (including anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder) status, symptoms, and constructs, (2) evaluate whether both modalities of exercise were equivalent, and (3) to determine whether exercise enjoyment and physical fitness are associated with symptom reduction...
December 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025504/distress-tolerance-links-sleep-problems-with-stress-and-health-in-homeless
#3
Lorraine R Reitzel, Nicole A Short, Norman B Schmidt, Lorra Garey, Michael J Zvolensky, Alexis Moisiuc, Carrie Reddick, Darla E Kendzor, Michael S Businelle
OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between sleep problems, distress intolerance, and perceived stress and health in a convenience sample of homeless adults. METHODS: Participants (N = 513, 36% women, Mage = 44.5 ±11.9) self-reported sleep adequacy, sleep duration, unintentional sleep during the daytime, distress tolerance, urban stress, and days of poor mental health and days of poor physical health over the last month. The indirect effects of sleep problems on stress and health through distress tolerance were examined using a non-parametric, bias-corrected bootstrapping procedure...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992910/extreme-tetralogy-of-fallot-with-polycythemia-in-a-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#4
Sara Dias, Marta Planellas, Albert Canturri, Jaume Martorell
A 5-month-old, intact male ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was presented with apathy, tachypnea and exercise intolerance. On initial physical examination, tachypnea and cyanosis were the two primary clinical signs detected. The complete blood count also revealed a severe polycythemia, with lymphopenia, neutrophilia and eosinophilia. Further diagnostic imaging tests were performed. The thoracic radiographs revealed cardiomegaly and a diffuse alveolar pulmonary pattern. Consequently, an echocardiography was performed and showed an interventricular septal defect, pulmonic artery occlusion, overriding of the aorta and right ventricle hypertrophy...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951144/investigating-the-latent-structure-of-distress-intolerance
#5
Kimberly T Stevens, Sarah J Kertz, Thröstur Björgvinsson, R Kathryn McHugh
Distress intolerance (DI) is defined as a perceived or actual inability to withstand distressing emotional or somatic states, which motivates the use of avoidance strategies. Despite widespread interest in DI, key questions about its underlying structure remain unanswered. The current study evaluated the latent structure of DI in two large samples using four-indicators and three taxometric procedures (MAMBAC, MAXEIG, and L-Mode). Data interpretation relied primarily on the Comparison Curve Fit Indices (CCFI)...
September 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918715/bracing-later-and-coping-better-benefits-of-mindfulness-during-a-stressful-waiting-period
#6
Kate Sweeny, Jennifer L Howell
People frequently await uncertain news, yet research reveals that the strategies people naturally use to cope with uncertainty are largely ineffective. We tested the role of mindfulness for improving the experience of a stressful waiting period. Law graduates awaiting their bar exam results either reported their trait mindfulness (Study 1; N = 150) or were instructed to practice mindfulness meditation (Study 2; N = 90). As hypothesized, participants who were naturally more mindful or who practiced mindfulness managed their expectations more effectively by bracing for the worst later in the waiting period and perceived themselves as coping better...
October 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793865/perceived-consequences-of-ageing-with-late-effects-of-polio-and-strategies-for-managing-daily-life-a-qualitative-study
#7
Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund, Jan Lexell, Christina Brogårdh
BACKGROUND: New or increased impairments may develop several decades after an acute poliomyelitis infection. These new symptoms, commonly referred to as late effects of polio (LEoP), are characterised by muscular weakness and fatigue, generalised fatigue, pain at rest or during activities and cold intolerance. Growing older with LEoP may lead to increased activity limitations and participation restrictions, but there is limited knowledge of how these persons perceive the practical and psychological consequences of ageing with LEoP and what strategies they use in daily life...
August 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759635/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-opioid-dependency-relationship-with-trait-anxiety-and-impulsivity
#8
Julia Garami, Paul Haber, Catherine E Myers, Michael T Allen, Blazej Misiak, Dorota Frydecka, Ahmed A Moustafa
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is the tendency to interpret ambiguous situations as threatening and having negative consequences, resulting in feelings of distress and anxiety. IU has been linked to a number of anxiety disorders, and anxiety felt in the face of uncertainty may result in maladaptive behaviors such as impulsive decision making. Although there is strong evidence that anxiety and impulsivity are risk factors for addiction, there is a paucity of research examining the role of IU in this disorder...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686905/anxiety-in-the-context-of-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-development-of-an-integrated-model
#9
REVIEW
Leah Curran, Louise Sharpe, Phyllis Butow
Anxiety is common in the context of cancer, but there are few theoretical models that apply to people with cancer across the trajectory of their illness. The aims of this review are to identify existing theories and to propose an integrated model of cancer-related anxiety. Using a systematic literature search of Medline, Premedline and PsycINFO databases, we identified nine theoretical models of anxiety in the context of cancer. We reviewed these for psychological concepts that fell under five themes: pre-existing schema, the inherent nature of cancer, cognitive factors, coping responses and contextual factors...
August 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641047/the-interaction-of-distress-tolerance-and-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-the-prediction-of-symptom-reduction-across-cbt-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#10
Danielle Katz, Neil A Rector, Judith M Laposa
Distress tolerance (DT) and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) have been identified as transdiagnostic processes that predict symptom severity across a range of distinct anxiety disorders. However, the joint effect of these two variables on therapeutic outcome has not yet been examined. It is possible that DT and IU may both impact on treatment response to cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in clients with anxiety, as clients with weak DT and strong IU may be less likely to engage in exposure and cognitive restructuring tasks across treatment due to their associated distress...
November 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638292/combined-oral-contraceptive-pill-initiation-in-a-patient-with-major-depressive-disorder-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-social-anxiety-panic-disorder-and-histrionic-personality-disorder
#11
Cody Roi, Erich J Conrad
BACKGROUND: Comorbid psychiatric conditions present an added layer of challenge in managing patients, as each condition and associated set of symptoms exacerbate the complexity of the overall presentation. Premenopausal women may be at particular risk for inadequate care, as their comorbid conditions may present overlapping symptoms and mask independent premenstrual symptoms. The prevalence of premenstrual dysphoric disorder and associated conditions can be as high as 8% in women of reproductive age...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632474/evaluation-of-the-concurrent-use-of-dolutegravir-and-metformin-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patients
#12
Anne Masich, Melissa E Badowski, Michelle D Liedtke, Patricia P Fulco
An analysis of the interaction between dolutegravir and metformin was conducted in the HIV ambulatory clinic setting. This was a multicenter, retrospective case series evaluating adult, HIV-infected patients concurrently prescribed dolutegravir and metformin. Historical electronic medical records were utilized to collect case-specific data. Laboratory parameters including serum creatinine (SCr), hemoglobin A1c (HgbA1c), plasma HIV RNA, CD4 cell count, and lactate were reviewed. Adverse drug reactions were assessed using patient-reported gastrointestinal intolerance and hypoglycemic symptoms...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624698/brief-mindfulness-training-de-couples-the-anxiogenic-effects-of-distress-intolerance-on-reactivity-to-and-recovery-from-stress-among-deprived-smokers
#13
Rotem Paz, Ariel Zvielli, Pavel Goldstein, Amit Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: We tested whether mindfulness de-couples the expected anxiogenic effects of distress intolerance on psychological and physiological reactivity to and recovery from an anxiogenic stressor among participants experimentally sensitized to experience distress. METHOD: N = 104 daily smokers underwent 18-hours of biochemically-verified smoking deprivation. Participants were then randomized to a 7-min analogue mindfulness intervention (present moment attention and awareness training; PMAA) or a cope-as-usual control condition; and subsequently exposed to a 2...
August 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598092/-risk-prediction-of-feeding-intolerance-in-preterm-infants
#14
Qiong Chen, Jin-Bo Fang, Wen-Tao Peng
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors associated with feeding intolerance (FI) in preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm infants treated in the neonatal unit of a hospital from August 2014 to January 2015 were recruited in this study. A clinical observation table was developed based on the reactive scope model. Data in relation to predictive homeostasis, reactive homeostasis, homeostatic overload, homeostatic failure and other aspects were collected and compared between those with and without FI...
September 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594607/the-role-of-mindfulness-skills-in-terms-of-anxiety-related-cognitive-risk-factors-among-college-students-with-problematic-alcohol-use
#15
Kristen M Kraemer, Emily M O'Bryan, Adrienne L Johnson, Alison C McLeish
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to examine the associations between the specific mindfulness skills of observing, describing, awareness, nonjudgment, and nonreactivity in terms of anxiety sensitivity (AS), distress tolerance (DT), and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) among college students with problematic alcohol use. METHODS: Participants were 202 (69.3% male; Mage = 18.96, SD = 2.24, range = 18-45 years) undergraduate college students with problematic alcohol use who completed self-report measures for course credit...
July 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594602/randomized-pilot-of-an-anxiety-sensitivity-based-intervention-for-individuals-in-a-substance-use-day-program
#16
Blaise L Worden, Marla Genova, David F Tolin
Anxiety sensitivity (AS), or the tendency to appraise physical symptoms as intolerable or dangerous, may maintain the cycle between co-occurring anxiety and substance use disorders. This study examined preliminary efficacy of a brief intervention targeting AS for individuals with heterogeneous substance use disorders. Forty-one patients with high AS entering an addictions day program were randomized to treatment as usual (TAU) or to TAU plus a nine-hour AS-focused intervention that consisted of interoceptive exposures, psychoeducation about the cycle of problematic substance use and anxiety, and a single session of cognitive challenging (e...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548623/pneumocystis-carinii-infection-with-severe-pneumomediastinum-and-lymph-node-involvement-in-a-whippet-mixed-breed-dog
#17
Christiane Weissenbacher-Lang, Andrea Fuchs-Baumgartinger, Andrea Klang, Sibylle Kneissl, Armin Pirker, Sarina Shibly, Stephanie von Ritgen, Herbert Weissenböck, Frank Künzel
A 3.5-y-old Whippet mixed-breed dog was presented with a history of respiratory distress, exercise intolerance, and generalized demodicosis. Hematologic alterations included marked leukocytosis and neutrophilia. Radiographic examination showed a diffuse interstitial and mild peripheral alveolar lung pattern and pneumomediastinum. Because the cytologic examination of the bronchoalveolar aspirate was not diagnostic and a persistent perforation of the upper respiratory tract could not be ruled out, the dog was submitted to thoracoscopy, and subsequently the left cranial lung lobe as well as mediastinal and sternal lymph nodes were resected...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542663/-periorbital-pallor-post-application-of-mydriatic-in-infants-with-hydrocephalus-associated-to-systemic-effects
#18
Jorge Luis Alvarado Socarras, Sandra Consuelo Rodríguez
Adequate pupil dilation is needed to evaluate some neonates at risk of developing illness during this stage. However, this procedure is not free of adverse effects, either local or systemic. One of these complications is the local vasoconstriction of the preterm baby’s skin following the application of mydriatic eye drops. OBJECTIVE: To describe secondary local and systemic complications of pharmacological pupil dilation in 2 newborns. Clinical case 1: Full term baby with diagnosis of low-birth weight and hydrocephalia...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512724/congenital-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis-from-birth-to-ten-years-of-age
#19
Sandra Alavuk Kundović, Ljiljana Popović
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare lung disease in which lipoproteinaceous material accumulates within the alveoli, interfering with gas exchange. The disease is classified into congenital, secondary, and acquired. The congenital form includes inborn errors of surfactant metabolism, lysinuric protein intolerance and mutations in the components of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor. The main symptoms are non-specific. The radiologic appearance of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is bilateral, symmetric and perihilar airspace consolidation...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491438/isolated-unilateral-absence-of-the-right-pulmonary-artery-in-two-cats-visualized-by-computed-tomography-angiography
#20
Tyler Jm Jordan, Brian A Scansen, Agnieszka M Kent, Lora S Hitchcock, Duncan S Russell
CASE SERIES SUMMARY: Two cats were evaluated for progressive exercise intolerance, dyspnea and unilateral infiltrate of the left lung. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed absence of the right pulmonary artery in both cats with systemic arterial collateral vessels perfusing the right segmental pulmonary arteries. In one case, the collateral vessels arose from the esophageal artery, while in the other case they derived off the right costocervical trunk. One cat was diagnosed with pulmonary hypertension and was euthanized owing to progressive respiratory distress despite medical management with sildenafil, pimobendan, clopidogrel and furosemide...
July 2016: JFMS open reports
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