Read by QxMD icon Read

Distress intolerance

Nicholas P Allan, Mary E Oglesby, Aubree Uhl, Norman B Schmidt
The hierarchical model of vulnerabilities to emotional distress contextualizes the relation between neuroticism and social anxiety as occurring indirectly through cognitive risk factors. In particular, inhibitory intolerance of uncertainty (IU; difficulty in uncertain circumstances), fear of negative evaluation (FNE; fear of being judged negatively), and anxiety sensitivity (AS) social concerns (fear of outwardly observable anxiety) are related to social anxiety. It is unclear whether these risk factors uniquely relate to social anxiety, and whether they account for the relations between neuroticism and social anxiety...
October 3, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Joseph R Bardeen, Thomas A Fergus, Holly K Orcutt
We examined five dimensions of distress tolerance (i.e. uncertainty, ambiguity, frustration, negative emotion, physical discomfort) as prospective predictors of perceived stress. Undergraduate students (N = 135) completed self-report questionnaires over the course of two assessment sessions (T1 and T2). Results of a linear regression in which the five dimensions of distress tolerance and covariates (i.e. T1 perceived stress, duration between T1 and T2) served as predictor variables and T2 perceived stress served as the outcome variable showed that intolerance of uncertainty was the only dimension of distress tolerance to predict T2 perceived stress...
September 28, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Karen Bluth, Rebecca A Campo, William S Futch, Susan A Gaylord
Adolescence is a challenging developmental period marked with declines in emotional well-being; however, self-compassion has been suggested as a protective factor. This cross-sectional survey study (N = 765, grades 7th to 12th; 53 % female; 4 % Hispanic ethnicity; 64 % White and 21 % Black) examined whether adolescents' self-compassion differed by age and gender, and secondly, whether its associations with emotional well-being (perceived stress, life satisfaction, distress intolerance, depressive symptoms, and anxiety) also differed by age and gender...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Mark B Powers, Brooke Y Kauffman, Anne L Kleinsasser, Eunjung Lee-Furman, Jasper A J Smits, Michael J Zvolensky, David Rosenfield
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is related to an increased risk of smoking cessation failure. In fact, the quit rate in smokers with PTSD (23.2%) is one of the lowest of all mental disorders. Features of PTSD that contribute to smokers' progression to nicotine dependence and cessation relapse include negative affect, fear, increased arousal, irritability, anger, distress intolerance, and anxiety sensitivity. Anxiety sensitivity is higher in people with PTSD than in any other anxiety disorder except for panic disorder...
September 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Samantha G Farris, Teresa M Leyro, Nicholas P Allan, Camilla S Øverup, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
Distress intolerance is a key vulnerability factor implicated in the maintenance and relapse of cigarette smoking. Yet, past work has not examined changes in these processes during smoking cessation treatment or their relation to smoking cessation outcomes. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of two smoking cessation interventions on changes in self-report and behavioral distress intolerance indices during treatment, and whether these changes are associated with smoking cessation outcomes...
October 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Richard J Macatee, Brian J Albanese, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt, Jesse R Cougle
BACKGROUND: Distress intolerance (DI) is conceptualized as an individual difference reflective of the ability to tolerate aversive psychological states. Although high DI has demonstrated cross-sectional associations with multiple forms of psychopathology, few studies have tested key facets of its theoretical conceptualization. Specifically, little research has been conducted on DI's theorized role as an incrementally valid prospective moderator of the relationship between daily stressful events and affective symptoms reflective of preoccupation with aversive internal (e...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Samantha G Farris, Jane Metrik
Distress intolerance (an individual's perceived or actual inability to tolerate distressing psychological or physiological states) is associated with cannabis use. It is unknown whether a biobehavioral index of distress intolerance, breath-holding duration, is acutely influenced (increased or decreased) by cannabis. Such information may further inform understanding of the expression of psychological or physiological distress postcannabis use. This within-subjects study examined whether smoked marijuana with 2...
August 2016: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Tetsuhiro Yamada, Samantha J Moshier, Michael W Otto
Problematic Internet use has been associated with the neglect of valued activities such as work, exercise, social activities, and relationships. In the present study, we expanded the understanding of problematic Internet use by identifying an important predictor of the inability to curb Internet use despite the desire to do so. Specifically, in a college student sample reporting a mean of 27.8 h of recreational Internet use in the past week, we investigated the role of distress intolerance (DI)-an individual difference variable that refers to the inability of an individual to tolerate emotional discomfort and to engage in goal-directed behavior when distressed-to predict the failure to meet personal restrictions on Internet use...
November 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Werner Fitz, Doreen Huppert, Eva Grill, Thomas Brandt
The course of illness, the degree of social impairment, and the rate of help-seeking behavior was evaluated in a sample of individuals with visual height intolerance (vHI) and acrophobia. On the basis of a previously described epidemiological sample representative of the German general population, 574 individuals with vHI were identified, 128 fulfilled the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria of acrophobia. The illness of the majority of all susceptible individuals with vHI ran a year-long chronic course. Two thirds were in the category "persistent/worse", whereas only one third was in the category "improved/remitted"...
October 2016: Journal of Neurology
Bruno P Chumpitazi, Erica M Weidler, Diana Y Lu, Cynthia M Tsai, Robert J Shulman
BACKGROUND: Adults with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) frequently identify foods as exacerbating their gastrointestinal symptoms. In children with IBS, the prevalence of perceived food intolerances and their impact are unknown. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the prevalence of self-perceived food intolerances and the relationship of these intolerances to abdominal pain, psychosocial distress, and quality of life in children with IBS. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study...
September 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Magdalena Sanz Cortes, Nuria Bargallo, Angela Arranz, Rui Simoes, Francesc Figueras, Eduard Gratacos
OBJECTIVES: To report the feasibility and main factors affecting the success of a fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MR spectroscopy (MRS) research protocol performed at term using a 3-tesla scanner. METHODS: Pregnant patients at term underwent an MRI. Specific measures were taken to prevent maternal discomfort and distress, such as detailed counseling and maternal repositioning if needed. MRS data were acquired from the frontal lobe and basal ganglia, and processed applying quality control criteria...
May 27, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Jørgen Assar Mortensen, Hallvard Røe Evensmoen, Gunilla Klensmeden, Asta Kristine Håberg
Uncertainty is recognized as an important component in distress, which may elicit impulsive behavior in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). These patients are known to be both impulsive and distress intolerant. The present study explored the connection between outcome uncertainty and impulsivity in BPD. The prediction was that cue primes, which provide incomplete information of subsequent target stimuli, led BPD patients to overrate the predictive value of these cues in order to reduce distress related to outcome uncertainty...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Brittany Mutsaers, Georden Jones, Nicole Rutkowski, Christina Tomei, Caroline Séguin Leclair, Danielle Petricone-Westwood, Sébastien Simard, Sophie Lebel
PURPOSE: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a common experience for cancer survivors. However, it remains unclear what characteristics differentiate non-clinical from clinical levels of FCR. The goal of this study was to investigate the potential hallmarks of clinical FCR. METHODS: A convenience sample of 40 participants (n = 19 female) was drawn from another study (Lebel et al. in Qual Life Res 25:311-321. doi: 10.1007/s11136-015-1088-2 , 2016). The semi-structured interview for fear of cancer recurrence (Simard and Savard in J Cancer Surviv 9:481-491...
October 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Natalie M Michel, Karen Rowa, Lisa Young, Randi E McCabe
Emotional distress tolerance (EDT) has increasingly been recognized as a transdiagnostic vulnerability factor. However, research assessing EDT in anxiety disorder populations is lacking. The current study addressed this gap in the literature by examining EDT in a sample of outpatients with panic, social anxiety, generalized anxiety, or obsessive compulsive disorders (n=674), and by assessing its relationship to symptom severity and impairment. Results showed that poor EDT was common across diagnostic groups...
May 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
A Rubio, S Pellissier, L Van Oudenhove, H G Ly, P Dupont, J Tack, C Dantzer, C Delon-Martin, B Bonaz
BACKGROUND: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) in remission are exposed to chronic psychological distress, due to the constant risk of relapse. This permanent situation of anticipation and uncertainty can lead to anxiety, which may, in turn, trigger relapse. We aimed to investigate the effects of uncertainty on behavioral and brain responses to anticipation of visceral discomfort in quiescent CD patients. METHODS: Barostat-controlled rectal distensions were preceded by cued uncertain or certain anticipation in nine CD patients and nine matched healthy volunteers...
September 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Christine Maheu, Sophie Lebel, Christine Courbasson, Monique Lefebvre, Mina Singh, Lori J Bernstein, Linda Muraca, Aronela Benea, Lynne Jolicoeur, Cheryl Harris, Agnihotram V Ramanakumar, Sarah Ferguson, Souraya Sidani
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant levels of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) affect up to 49% of cancer survivors and are more prevalent among women. FCR is associated with psychological distress, lower quality of life, and increased use of medical resources. Despite its prevalence, FCR is poorly addressed in clinical care. To address this problem, we first developed, and pilot tested a 6-week, 2 h, Cognitive-existential group intervention therapy that targeted FCR in survivors of breast or gynecological cancer...
2016: BMC Cancer
Inge De Wandele, Lies Rombaut, Tine De Backer, Wim Peersman, Hellen Da Silva, Sophie De Mits, Anne De Paepe, Patrick Calders, Fransiska Malfait
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether orthostatic intolerance (OI) is a significant predictor for fatigue in Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, hypermobility type (EDS-HT). METHODS: Eighty patients with EDS-HT and 52 controls participated in the first part of the study, which consisted of questionnaires. Fatigue was evaluated using the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS). As possible fatigue determinants OI [Autonomic Symptom Profile (ASP)], habitual physical activity (Baecke), affective distress [Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)], pain (SF36), medication use and generalized hypermobility (5-point score of Grahame and Hakim regarding generalized joint hypermobility) were studied...
August 2016: Rheumatology
Elena Verrecchia, Anna Zampetti, Daniela Antuzzi, Roberta Ricci, Lorenzo Ferri, Amelia Morrone, Claudio Feliciani, Lorenzo Dagna, Raffaele Manna
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A enzyme, which leads to the accumulation of its substrate, the globotriaosylceramide or Gb3, in many organs and tissues. Main clinical manifestations of FD are neuropathic pain, angiokeratomas, proteinuria and renal failure, left ventricular hypertrophy and stroke. Fever is also a possible symptom at the onset of the disease during childhood and adolescence, but it is frequently misdiagnosed, causing a delay in FD diagnosis...
July 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
R Kathryn McHugh, Roger D Weiss, Marise Cornelius, Marc O Martel, Robert N Jamison, Robert R Edwards
UNLABELLED: The risk for misuse of opioid medications is a significant challenge in the management of chronic pain. The identification of those who may be at greater risk for misusing opioids is needed to facilitate closer monitoring of high-risk subgroups, and may help to identify therapeutic targets for mitigating this risk. The aim of this study was to examine whether distress intolerance-the perceived or actual inability to manage negative emotional and somatic states-was associated with opioid misuse in those with chronic pain...
July 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Adrienne S Juarascio, Julia W Felton, Allison M Borges, Stephanie M Manasse, Helen B Murray, Carl W Lejuez
The current study examined internalizing symptoms, affect reactivity, and distress intolerance as prospective predictors of increases in eating disorder (ED)-attitudes during adolescence. Adolescents (n = 206) took part in a six-year longitudinal study examining the development of psychopathology. Latent growth curve analysis was used to examine associations between predictors and later ED-attitudes. Distress intolerance and internalizing symptoms were associated with ED-attitudes at baseline, but did not predict increases over time...
June 2016: Journal of Adolescence
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"