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Distress intolerance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788395/psychological-functioning-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-preliminary-study-of-relations-with-smoking-status-and-disease-impact
#1
Amanda R Mathew, Susan E Yount, Ravi Kalhan, Brian Hitsman
Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a tobacco-related disease associated with several comorbid conditions, including elevated rates of depression and anxiety. Psychological factors that commonly underlie nicotine dependence, depression, and anxiety may represent novel treatment targets, but have not yet been examined among COPD patients. We assessed three psychological factors - anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of anxiety-related sensations), distress intolerance (DI; inability to withstand distressing states), and anhedonia (Anh; diminished sense of pleasure or interest) - in relation to smoking status, COPD symptom impact, and negative response to COPD symptoms...
May 17, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737034/distress-intolerance-moderation-of-motivated-attention-to-cannabis-and-negative-stimuli-after-induced-stress-among-cannabis-users-an-erp-study
#2
Richard J Macatee, Sarah A Okey, Brian J Albanese, Norman B Schmidt, Jesse R Cougle
Prevalence of cannabis use is increasing, but many regular users do not develop cannabis use disorder (CUD); thus, CUD risk identification among current users is vital for targeted intervention development. Existing data suggest that high distress intolerance (DI), an individual difference reflective of the ability to tolerate negative affect, may be linked to CUD, but no studies have tested possible neurophysiological mechanisms. Increased motivated attentional processing of cannabis and negative emotional stimuli as indexed by neurophysiology [i...
May 7, 2018: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731340/cryptococcus-laurentii-fungemia-in-a-low-birth-weight-preterm-neonate-india
#3
Minakshi Gupta, Asit K Mishra, Santosh K Singh
In the last few years, Cryptococcus laurentii infections have increased, particularly in immunocompromised patients. Here we report the first case of C. laurentii fungemia in low birth weight preterm infant from India. A preterm neonate was admitted for feeding intolerance and respiratory distress. Blood culture ascertained the causative organism as C. laurentii. The isolated strain was found susceptible to amphotericin B and the patient recovered following the administration of amphotericin B (5mg/kg body weight) for 8days...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597136/intolerance-for-smoking-abstinence-among-nicotine-deprived-treatment-seeking-smokers
#4
Lisa J Germeroth, Nathaniel L Baker, Michael E Saladin
INTRODUCTION: The Intolerance for Smoking Abstinence Discomfort Questionnaire (IDQ-S) assesses distress tolerance specific to nicotine withdrawal. Though developed to assess withdrawal-related distress, the IDQ-S has not been validated among nicotine-deprived, treatment-seeking smokers. The present study extended previous research by examining the predictive utility of the IDQ-S among abstinent, motivated-to-quit smokers. METHODS: Abstinent, treatment-seeking smokers completed the IDQ-S Withdrawal Intolerance and Lack of Cognitive Coping scales, assessments of nicotine dependence and reinforcement, and smoking history at baseline...
March 20, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524603/descending-aortopexy-and-posterior-tracheopexy-for-severe-tracheomalacia-and-left-mainstem-bronchomalacia
#5
Hester F Shieh, C Jason Smithers, Thomas E Hamilton, David Zurakowski, Gary A Visner, Michael A Manfredi, Russell W Jennings, Christopher W Baird
Posterior descending aortopexy can relieve posterior intrusion of the left mainstem bronchus that may limit the effectiveness of posterior tracheobronchopexy. We review outcomes of patients undergoing both descending aortopexy and posterior tracheopexy for severe tracheobronchomalacia with posterior intrusion and left mainstem compression to determine if there were resolution of clinical symptoms and bronchoscopic evidence of improvement in airway collapse. All patients who underwent both descending aortopexy and posterior tracheopexy from October 2012 to October 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 7, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510350/are-attitudes-towards-emotions-associated-with-depression-a-conceptual-and-meta-analytic-review
#6
REVIEW
Sunkyung Yoon, Van Dang, Jessica Mertz, Jonathan Rottenberg
OBJECTIVES: We performed a conceptual and meta-analytic review of the relationship between negative cognitive and affective evaluations of negative emotional experiences (negative ATE) and depression. We examined the negative ATE-depression relationship in terms of three ATE constructs: fear of emotion, non-acceptance of emotion, and distress intolerance. We also explored whether the negative ATE-depression relationship differs as a function of specific emotions. METHODS: Seventy articles with a total sample of 19950 adults were included in the general analysis, and 10 studies with a total sample of 1726 were included in the emotion-specific analysis...
May 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500582/examining-the-preliminary-efficacy-of-an-intervention-for-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-in-female-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-pilot-study
#7
Christina Tomei, Sophie Lebel, Christine Maheu, Monique Lefebvre, Cheryl Harris
PURPOSE: Among cancer survivors, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is the most frequently reported unmet need. Despite this, research on psychosocial interventions that target FCR is limited. To address this gap, an individual cognitive-existential psychotherapy intervention for FCR was pilot tested via small-scale RCT. METHODS: Participants were recruited via study posters, healthcare professionals' referrals, and an electronic hospital database. Twenty-five female cancer survivors were randomized to experimental or wait-list control groups...
March 2, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450248/metacognitions-or-distress-intolerance-the-mediating-role-in-the-relationship-between-emotional-dysregulation-and-problematic-internet-use
#8
Mehdi Akbari
Objective: Given the relevance of problematic Internet use (PIU) to everyday life, its relationship to emotional dysregulation and the importance of metacognitions and distress intolerance in process and intermediaries research, this study examined which of metacognitions and distress intolerance acts as an intermediary between emotional dysregulation and PIU. Methods: In the current study, 413 undergraduate students from the University of Tehran, Iran (202 females; mean age = 20...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444605/anxious-attachment-and-excessive-acquisition-the-mediating-roles-of-anthropomorphism-and-distress-intolerance
#9
Melissa M Norberg, Cassandra Crone, Cathy Kwok, Jessica R Grisham
Background and aims Most individuals with hoarding disorder (HD) are prone to excessively acquiring new possessions. Understanding the factors that contribute to this collecting behavior will allow us to develop better treatment approaches for HD. The aim of this study was to test our assumption that an anxious attachment style is associated with a tendency to anthropomorphize comforting objects and an inability to tolerate distress, which in turn leads to excessive acquisition. Methods A total of 361 participants with subclinical to clinical acquisition problems (77...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390242/-severe-lactic-acidosis-requiring-continuos-haemodiafiltration-in-a-young-patient-with-unrecognized-metabolic-abnormality-case-report
#10
Federica N Vigotti, Germana Daidola, Antonio Marciello, Francesco Berruto, Antonietta Rizzuto, Ernesto Reina, Paolo M Perosa, Marco Saltarelli
BACKGROUND: Lactic acidosis (LA) is the most common form of metabolic acidosis, defined by lactate values greater than 5 mmol/L and pH<7.34. The pathogenesis of LA involves hypoxic causes (type A) and non-hypoxic (type B), often coexisting. Identification and removal of the trigger are mandatory in the therapeutic management of LA. The case: A 38 years-old male patient entered the Emergency Ward for dyspnea, fever, vomiting and hyporexia. An important respiratory distress with hyperventilation due to severe LA was found, together with severe hypoglicemia, without renal impairment...
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385434/importance-of-comorbidities-in-the-treatment-of-primary-care-patients-with-heart-failure-baseline-results-of-the-observational-recode-hf-study
#11
Marion Eisele, Winfried Adam, Anja Rakebrandt, Sigrid Boczor, Eva Blozik, Jens-Martin Träder, Stefan Störk, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Martin Scherer
Background: Both non-cardiac and cardiac comorbidities are related to the prognosis of chronic heart failure (HF), but so far little is known about the impact of comorbidities on treatment difficulties in routine care. Objectives: To investigate which comorbidities are associated with treatment difficulties in primary care. We hypothesized that somatic comorbidities as well as psychosocial distress are associated with treatment difficulties. Methods: In this baseline analysis of data of the observational RECODE-HF study, HF patients were recruited via primary care practices in two German sites...
January 29, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384197/if-or-when-uncertainty-s-role-in-anxious-anticipation
#12
Ken P Bennett, Jacqueline S Dickmann, Christine L Larson
Uncertainty is often associated with subjective distress and a potentiated anxiety response. Occurrence uncertainty, or the inability to predict if a threat will occur, has rarely been compared experimentally with temporal uncertainty, or the inability to predict when a threat will occur. The current study aimed to (a) directly compare the anxiogenic effects of anticipating these two types of uncertain threat, as indexed by the eyeblink startle response, and (b) assess the relationship between startle response to occurrence and temporal uncertainty and individual differences in self-reported intolerance of uncertainty and anxiety...
January 31, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369665/distress-intolerance-modulation-of-neurophysiological-markers-of-cognitive-control-during-a-complex-go-no-go-task
#13
Richard J Macatee, Brian J Albanese, Kevin Clancy, Nicholas P Allan, Edward M Bernat, Jesse R Cougle, Norman B Schmidt
Distress intolerance (DI), a trait-like individual difference reflective of the inability to endure aversive affective states, is relevant to multiple forms of psychopathology, but its relations to theoretically relevant neurobiological systems have received little attention. Altered cognitive control-related neurobiology has been theorized to underlie individual differences in DI, but little empirical work has been conducted. To test this hypothesis, baseline data from a large community sample with elevated high levels of emotional psychopathology and comorbidity was utilized (N = 256)...
January 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364742/distress-tolerance-interacts-with-negative-life-events-to-predict-depressive-symptoms-across-adolescence
#14
Julia W Felton, Anahi Collado, Mazneen Havewala, Julia M Shadur, Laura MacPherson, Carl W Lejuez
Adolescence is a vulnerable period for the development of depressive disorders. Recent research has demonstrated the importance of distress tolerance in the onset and maintenance of depression during adulthood; however, little is known about its role in predicting depressive symptoms among adolescents. The current study examines the effect of distress tolerance and co-occurring negative life events on the developmental trajectory of depressive symptoms from middle to late adolescence. Our sample included 117 adolescent boys and girls (44...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300996/factors-associated-with-time-to-full-feeds-in-preterm-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#15
Gaurav Patwardhan, Ankit Soni, Nitin Rachwani, Sandeep Kadam, Sanjay Patole, Anand Pandit
Background: Feeding intolerance prolongs time to full feeds (TFFs) in preterm infants. We studied factors associated with TFF in preterm infants on standardized feeding regimen (SFR) and routine probiotic supplementation (RPS). Methods: This is a prospective cohort study of preterm infants ≤1500 g. Pearson's correlation, Mann-Whitney test and multivariate analysis were used. Results: In total, 37 of 304 admitted infants died before reaching full feeds...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171947/-perception-by-the-oncologist-of-the-parental-distress-in-childhood-cancer-survivor
#16
M Vander Haegen, C Stassart, A-M Etienne
The aim of the study was to assess the degree of similarity between the distress expressed by parents of a child cancer survivor and the distress perceived by the oncologist. Overall, 61 parents of a child cancer survivor (between 4 and 6 years of cancer remission) were recruited in Belgian hospitals (Province of Liège). Parents filled out questionnaires about the intolerance of uncertainty (IUS), positive beliefs about worry (WW-II), parental worries about the evolution of their child's health (QIPS-R15), problem orientation (NPOQ), cognitive avoidance (CAQ), ruminations (Mini-CERTS), and anxiety/depression (HADS)...
November 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072319/in-the-mind-s-eye-the-late-positive-potential-to-negative-and-neutral-mental-imagery-and-intolerance-of-uncertainty
#17
Annmarie MacNamara
There are many advantages to human beings' ability to generate and sustain mental imagery in the absence of exteroceptive stimuli; however, this ability may also underlie emotional disorders characterized by worry, rumination, or excessive concern about the future. For instance, fear-based disorders may be characterized by heightened ERPs to negative imagery. On the other hand, distress disorders may be characterized by attempts to avoid engaging with negative mental imagery, and therefore reduced electrocortical response...
October 26, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049901/the-efficacy-of-aerobic-exercise-and-resistance-training-as-transdiagnostic-interventions-for-anxiety-related-disorders-and-constructs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Daniel M LeBouthillier, Gordon J G Asmundson
Evidence supports exercise as an intervention for many mental health concerns; however, randomized controlled investigations of the efficacy of different exercise modalities and predictors of change are lacking. The purposes of the current trial were to: (1) quantify the effects of aerobic exercise and resistance training on anxiety-related disorder (including anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder) status, symptoms, and constructs, (2) evaluate whether both modalities of exercise were equivalent, and (3) to determine whether exercise enjoyment and physical fitness are associated with symptom reduction...
December 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025504/distress-tolerance-links-sleep-problems-with-stress-and-health-in-homeless
#19
Lorraine R Reitzel, Nicole A Short, Norman B Schmidt, Lorra Garey, Michael J Zvolensky, Alexis Moisiuc, Carrie Reddick, Darla E Kendzor, Michael S Businelle
OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between sleep problems, distress intolerance, and perceived stress and health in a convenience sample of homeless adults. METHODS: Participants (N = 513, 36% women, Mage = 44.5 ±11.9) self-reported sleep adequacy, sleep duration, unintentional sleep during the daytime, distress tolerance, urban stress, and days of poor mental health and days of poor physical health over the last month. The indirect effects of sleep problems on stress and health through distress tolerance were examined using a non-parametric, bias-corrected bootstrapping procedure...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992910/extreme-tetralogy-of-fallot-with-polycythemia-in-a-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#20
Sara Dias, Marta Planellas, Albert Canturri, Jaume Martorell
A 5-month-old, intact male ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was presented with apathy, tachypnea and exercise intolerance. On initial physical examination, tachypnea and cyanosis were the two primary clinical signs detected. The complete blood count also revealed a severe polycythemia, with lymphopenia, neutrophilia and eosinophilia. Further diagnostic imaging tests were performed. The thoracic radiographs revealed cardiomegaly and a diffuse alveolar pulmonary pattern. Consequently, an echocardiography was performed and showed an interventricular septal defect, pulmonic artery occlusion, overriding of the aorta and right ventricle hypertrophy...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
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