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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686905/anxiety-in-the-context-of-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-development-of-an-integrated-model
#1
REVIEW
Leah Curran, Louise Sharpe, Phyllis Butow
Anxiety is common in the context of cancer, but there are few theoretical models that apply to people with cancer across the trajectory of their illness. The aims of this review are to identify existing theories and to propose an integrated model of cancer-related anxiety. Using a systematic literature search of Medline, Premedline and PsycINFO databases, we identified nine theoretical models of anxiety in the context of cancer. We reviewed these for psychological concepts that fell under five themes: pre-existing schema, the inherent nature of cancer, cognitive factors, coping responses and contextual factors...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641047/the-interaction-of-distress-tolerance-and-intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-the-prediction-of-symptom-reduction-across-cbt-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#2
Danielle Katz, Neil A Rector, Judith M Laposa
Distress tolerance (DT) and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) have been identified as transdiagnostic processes that predict symptom severity across a range of distinct anxiety disorders. However, the joint effect of these two variables on therapeutic outcome has not yet been examined. It is possible that DT and IU may both impact on treatment response to cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in clients with anxiety, as clients with weak DT and strong IU may be less likely to engage in exposure and cognitive restructuring tasks across treatment due to their associated distress...
June 22, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638292/combined-oral-contraceptive-pill-initiation-in-a-patient-with-major-depressive-disorder-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-social-anxiety-panic-disorder-and-histrionic-personality-disorder
#3
Cody Roi, Erich J Conrad
BACKGROUND: Comorbid psychiatric conditions present an added layer of challenge in managing patients, as each condition and associated set of symptoms exacerbate the complexity of the overall presentation. Premenopausal women may be at particular risk for inadequate care, as their comorbid conditions may present overlapping symptoms and mask independent premenstrual symptoms. The prevalence of premenstrual dysphoric disorder and associated conditions can be as high as 8% in women of reproductive age...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632474/evaluation-of-the-concurrent-use-of-dolutegravir-and-metformin-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patients
#4
Anne Masich, Melissa E Badowski, Michelle D Liedtke, Patricia P Fulco
An analysis of the interaction between dolutegravir and metformin was conducted in the HIV ambulatory clinic setting. This was a multicenter, retrospective case series evaluating adult, HIV-infected patients concurrently prescribed dolutegravir and metformin. Historical electronic medical records were utilized to collect case-specific data. Laboratory parameters including serum creatinine (SCr), hemoglobin A1c (HgbA1c), plasma HIV RNA, CD4 cell count, and lactate were reviewed. Adverse drug reactions were assessed using patient-reported gastrointestinal intolerance and hypoglycemic symptoms...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624698/brief-mindfulness-training-de-couples-the-anxiogenic-effects-of-distress-intolerance-on-reactivity-to-and-recovery-from-stress-among-deprived-smokers
#5
Rotem Paz, Ariel Zvielli, Pavel Goldstein, Amit Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: We tested whether mindfulness de-couples the expected anxiogenic effects of distress intolerance on psychological and physiological reactivity to and recovery from an anxiogenic stressor among participants experimentally sensitized to experience distress. METHOD: N = 104 daily smokers underwent 18-hours of biochemically-verified smoking deprivation. Participants were then randomized to a 7-min analogue mindfulness intervention (present moment attention and awareness training; PMAA) or a cope-as-usual control condition; and subsequently exposed to a 2...
August 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598092/-risk-prediction-of-feeding-intolerance-in-preterm-infants
#6
Qiong Chen, Jin-Bo Fang, Wen-Tao Peng
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors associated with feeding intolerance (FI) in preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm infants treated in the neonatal unit of a hospital from August 2014 to January 2015 were recruited in this study. A clinical observation table was developed based on the reactive scope model. Data in relation to predictive homeostasis, reactive homeostasis, homeostatic overload, homeostatic failure and other aspects were collected and compared between those with and without FI...
September 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594607/the-role-of-mindfulness-skills-in-terms-of-anxiety-related-cognitive-risk-factors-among-college-students-with-problematic-alcohol-use
#7
Kristen M Kraemer, Emily M O'Bryan, Adrienne L Johnson, Alison C McLeish
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to examine the associations between the specific mindfulness skills of observing, describing, awareness, nonjudgment, and nonreactivity in terms of anxiety sensitivity (AS), distress tolerance (DT), and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) among college students with problematic alcohol use. METHODS: Participants were 202 (69.3% male; Mage = 18.96, SD = 2.24, range = 18-45 years) undergraduate college students with problematic alcohol use who completed self-report measures for course credit...
June 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594602/randomized-pilot-of-an-anxiety-sensitivity-based-intervention-for-individuals-in-a-substance-use-day-program
#8
Blaise L Worden, Marla Genova, David F Tolin
Anxiety sensitivity (AS), or the tendency to appraise physical symptoms as intolerable or dangerous, may maintain the cycle between co-occurring anxiety and substance use disorders. This study examined preliminary efficacy of a brief intervention targeting AS for individuals with heterogeneous substance use disorders. Forty-one patients with high AS entering an addictions day program were randomized to treatment as usual (TAU) or to TAU plus a nine-hour AS-focused intervention that consisted of interoceptive exposures, psychoeducation about the cycle of problematic substance use and anxiety, and a single session of cognitive challenging (e...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548623/pneumocystis-carinii-infection-with-severe-pneumomediastinum-and-lymph-node-involvement-in-a-whippet-mixed-breed-dog
#9
Christiane Weissenbacher-Lang, Andrea Fuchs-Baumgartinger, Andrea Klang, Sibylle Kneissl, Armin Pirker, Sarina Shibly, Stephanie von Ritgen, Herbert Weissenböck, Frank Künzel
A 3.5-y-old Whippet mixed-breed dog was presented with a history of respiratory distress, exercise intolerance, and generalized demodicosis. Hematologic alterations included marked leukocytosis and neutrophilia. Radiographic examination showed a diffuse interstitial and mild peripheral alveolar lung pattern and pneumomediastinum. Because the cytologic examination of the bronchoalveolar aspirate was not diagnostic and a persistent perforation of the upper respiratory tract could not be ruled out, the dog was submitted to thoracoscopy, and subsequently the left cranial lung lobe as well as mediastinal and sternal lymph nodes were resected...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542663/-periorbital-pallor-post-application-of-mydriatic-in-infants-with-hydrocephalus-associated-to-systemic-effects
#10
Jorge Luis Alvarado Socarras, Sandra Consuelo Rodríguez
Adequate pupil dilation is needed to evaluate some neonates at risk of developing illness during this stage. However, this procedure is not free of adverse effects, either local or systemic. One of these complications is the local vasoconstriction of the preterm baby’s skin following the application of mydriatic eye drops. OBJECTIVE: To describe secondary local and systemic complications of pharmacological pupil dilation in 2 newborns. Clinical case 1: Full term baby with diagnosis of low-birth weight and hydrocephalia...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512724/congenital-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis-from-birth-to-ten-years-of-age
#11
Sandra Alavuk Kundović, Ljiljana Popović
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare lung disease in which lipoproteinaceous material accumulates within the alveoli, interfering with gas exchange. The disease is classified into congenital, secondary, and acquired. The congenital form includes inborn errors of surfactant metabolism, lysinuric protein intolerance and mutations in the components of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor. The main symptoms are non-specific. The radiologic appearance of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is bilateral, symmetric and perihilar airspace consolidation...
May 17, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491438/isolated-unilateral-absence-of-the-right-pulmonary-artery-in-two-cats-visualized-by-computed-tomography-angiography
#12
Tyler Jm Jordan, Brian A Scansen, Agnieszka M Kent, Lora S Hitchcock, Duncan S Russell
CASE SERIES SUMMARY: Two cats were evaluated for progressive exercise intolerance, dyspnea and unilateral infiltrate of the left lung. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed absence of the right pulmonary artery in both cats with systemic arterial collateral vessels perfusing the right segmental pulmonary arteries. In one case, the collateral vessels arose from the esophageal artery, while in the other case they derived off the right costocervical trunk. One cat was diagnosed with pulmonary hypertension and was euthanized owing to progressive respiratory distress despite medical management with sildenafil, pimobendan, clopidogrel and furosemide...
July 2016: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447135/-environmental-medical-syndromes
#13
REVIEW
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Claudia Hornberg
Environmental medical syndromes comprise sick building syndrome (SBS), multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS)/idiopathic environmental intolerances (IEI), electromagnetic hypersensitivity, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), burnout, fibromyalgia, and the candida syndrome. There is also some overlap described in the literature. There is still no established knowledge of etiology, pathology, pathophysiology, diagnostics, therapy, prevention and prognosis. These syndromes are thought to result from a complex interaction of physical, chemical and/or (micro)biological environmental stresses, individual dispositions, psychological influencing factors, perceptual and processing processes, variants of somatization disorders, culturally or socially caused distress, or simply iatrogenic causation...
June 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432938/the-role-of-distress-intolerance-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-problematic-alcohol-use-among-latin-american-msm
#14
Katie Wang, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Katie B Biello, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Joshua G Rosenberger, David S Novak, Matthew J Mimiaga
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and its well-documented association with substance use in adulthood, little research has examined the psychological mechanisms underlying this association. The current study utilized a large, multinational sample of MSM in Latin America to examine the role of distress intolerance (i.e., decreased capacity to withstand negative psychological states) in the relationship between childhood sexual abuse history and problematic alcohol use...
June 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429544/an-innovative-cooling-jacket-to-combat-heat-intolerance-in-children-with-anhidrosis
#15
Arun C Inamadar, Aparna Palit, Neha Khurana
Hyperthermia and heat intolerance are distressing symptoms in patients with anhidrosis. Body cooling devices are an integral part of management of these patients. A cooling jacket made from easily available materials has been invented for a girl with congenital insensitivity to pain and anhidrosis with severe heat intolerance. This innovative cooling jacket may be helpful for anhidrotic children in resource-poor situations.
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417027/decision-to-delivery-time-intervals-in-emergency-caesarean-section-cases-repeated-cross-sectional-study-from-oman
#16
Kaukab Tashfeen, Malini Patel, Ilham M Hamdi, Ibrahim H A Al-Busaidi, Mansour N Al-Yarubi
OBJECTIVES: In cases of fetal intolerance to labour, meeting the standard decision-to-delivery time interval (DDI) of ≤30 minutes is challenging. This study aimed to assess DDIs in emergency Caesarean section (CS) cases to identify factors causing DDI delays and the impact of a delayed DDI on perinatal outcomes. METHODS: This repeated cross-sectional study included all emergency CS procedures performed due to acute fetal distress, antepartum haemorrhage or umbilical cord prolapse at the Nizwa Hospital, Nizwa, Oman...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369920/the-existential-concerns-questionnaire-ecq-development-and-initial-validation-of-a-new-existential-anxiety-scale-in-a-nonclinical-and-clinical-sample
#17
Vincent van Bruggen, Peter Ten Klooster, Gerben Westerhof, Joël Vos, Elian de Kleine, Ernst Bohlmeijer, Gerrit Glas
OBJECTIVE: Existential anxiety (EA) is a construct that refers to fears that are provoked by core threats of human existence, such as death, meaninglessness, and fundamental loneliness. The objective of this study was to develop an EA measure that can be used in research and clinical practice. METHOD: The Existential Concerns Questionnaire (ECQ) was completed by a nonclinical sample of 389 adults, together with questionnaires measuring death anxiety, intolerance of uncertainty, neuroticism, distress, meaning, and life events...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334578/infant-sleep-problems-and-interventions-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
Infant sleep problems have been the focus of a growing literature over the last few years. The current review is based on literature searches of Pubmed and PsycInfo for studies published over the last few years including randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses on infant sleep problems and resulting developmental effected, risk factors and interventions. Several risk/protective factors for sleep problems have been identified including health literacy, TV in the room, feeding, close contact and arousing activities at bedtime, intolerance for infant crying, co-sleeping, maternal depression and infant temperament...
March 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318473/the-developmental-trajectory-of-perceived-stress-mediates-the-relations-between-distress-tolerance-and-internalizing-symptoms-among-youth
#19
Julia W Felton, Anne N Banducci, Julia M Shadur, Ryan Stadnik, Laura MacPherson, Carl W Lejuez
The current study examines the relation between distress tolerance, perceived stress, and internalizing symptoms across adolescence. Participants included 331 youth, ages 10 to 14 at the first wave of the study, assessed annually over 5 years. A latent growth curve approach was used to test three research questions, including whether perceived stress would increase across adolescence, whether distress tolerance (as measured by a behavioral task) would predict changes in perceived stress, and whether changes in perceived stress would mediate the relation between distress tolerance and internalizing symptoms...
March 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282722/attentional-avoidant-biases-as-mediators-in-the-association-between-experiential-avoidance-and-blood-pressure-in-dementia-family-caregivers
#20
María Márquez-González, Isabel Cabrera, Andrés Losada, Bob G Knight
OBJECTIVES: Experiential avoidance in caregiving (EAC) has been found to be related with dementia family caregivers´ distress and blood pressure (BP). The association between EAC and avoidant attentional biases to emotional stimuli in dementia caregivers, and the potential mediating role of these attentional biases in the association between EAC and increased BP are explored. METHOD: Seventy nine dementia family caregivers performed a dot-probe task with emotional pictures (distressing and positive) varying in content (general vs...
March 2, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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