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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725876/clean-cheap-convenient-promotion-of-electronic-cigarettes-on-youtube
#1
Clara G Sears, Kandi L Walker, Joy L Hart, Alexander S Lee, Allison Siu, Courteney Smith
INTRODUCTION: Videos promoting electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) can be easily accessed on YouTube. Marketing claims present in YouTube videos may help shape the public's opinion of e-cigarettes. Thus, it is important to understand the most frequent marketing claims and video sources. METHODS: The objectives of this study were to 1) identify marketing claims in YouTube videos that are commonly made on e-cigarette retail websites and 2) compare the frequency of marketing claims in user-generated and professional YouTube videos...
April 2017: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714914/online-vape-shop-customers-who-use-e-cigarettes-report-abstinence-from-smoking-and-improved-quality-of-life-but-a-substantial-minority-still-have-vaping-related-health-concerns
#2
Dinska Van Gucht, Karolien Adriaens, Frank Baeyens
(1) Background: Characteristics and usage patterns of vapers (e-cigarette users) have mainly been studied in web-based convenience samples or in visitors of brick-and-mortar vape shops. We extended this by targeting customers of one particular online vape shop in the Netherlands; (2) Methods: Customers were questioned on their smoking history, current smoking and vaping status, reasons for vaping, perceived harmfulness, and potential health changes due to vaping; (3) Results: Almost everyone (99%, 95% CI 0...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712592/risk-factors-for-youth-e-cigarette-vape-trick-behavior
#3
Jessica K Pepper, Youn Ok Lee, Kimberly A Watson, Annice E Kim, James M Nonnemaker, Matthew C Farrelly
PURPOSE: Some adolescent users of e-cigarettes and other electronic vaping products (EVPs) report performing "vape tricks" (exhaling aerosol to make shapes). However, little is known about this behavior. We examined the frequency of performing and watching vape tricks and the characteristics of those most likely to perform vape tricks among a sample of adolescent EVP users. METHODS: We used social media ads to recruit a national convenience sample of U.S. adolescents (n = 1,729) to participate in an online survey in September 2016...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704769/characterizing-marijuana-concentrate-users-a-web-based-survey
#4
Raminta Daniulaityte, Francois R Lamy, Monica Barratt, Ramzi W Nahhas, Silvia S Martins, Edward W Boyer, Amit Sheth, Robert G Carlson
AIMS: The study seeks to characterize marijuana concentrate users, describe reasons and patterns of use, perceived risk, and identify predictors of daily/near daily use. METHODS: An anonymous web-based survey was conducted (April-June 2016) with 673 US-based cannabis users recruited via the Bluelight.org web-forum and included questions about marijuana concentrate use, other drugs, and socio-demographics. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify characteristics associated with greater odds of lifetime and daily use of marijuana concentrates...
June 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688060/community-based-study-recruitment-of-american-indian-cigarette-smokers-and-electronic-cigarette-users
#5
Dana Mowls Carroll, Lacy S Brame, Lancer D Stephens, Theodore L Wagener, Janis E Campbell, Laura A Beebe
Data on the effectiveness of strategies for the recruitment of American Indians (AIs) into research is needed. This study describes and compares methods for identifying and recruiting AI tobacco users into a pilot study. Community-based strategies were used to recruit smokers (n = 35), e-cigarette users (n = 28), and dual users (n = 32) of AI descent. Recruitment was considered proactive if study staff contacted the individual at a pow wow, health fair, or vape shop and participation on-site or reactive if the individual contacted the study staff and participation occurred later...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662974/u-s-cannabis-legalization-and-use-of-vaping-and-edible-products-among-youth
#6
Jacob T Borodovsky, Dustin C Lee, Benjamin S Crosier, Joy L Gabrielli, James D Sargent, Alan J Budney
BACKGROUND: Alternative methods for consuming cannabis (e.g., vaping and edibles) have become more popular in the wake of U.S. cannabis legalization. Specific provisions of legal cannabis laws (LCL) (e.g., dispensary regulations) may impact the likelihood that youth will use alternative methods and the age at which they first try the method - potentially magnifying or mitigating the developmental harms of cannabis use. METHODS: This study examined associations between LCL provisions and how youth consume cannabis...
June 9, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660671/do-e-cigarettes-induce-weight-changes-and-increase-cardiometabolic-risk-a-signal-for-the-future
#7
REVIEW
A Verhaegen, L Van Gaal
The prevalence of non-cigarette tobacco use in electronic cigarettes, also called vaping, is rapidly increasing, especially in adolescents and young adults, due to attractive marketing techniques promoting them as healthier alternatives to conventional tobacco cigarettes. Although smoking is associated with weight loss, it increases insulin resistance and attributes to other features of the metabolic syndrome, increasing the cardiometabolic risk profile. Whether vaping has the same deleterious effects on metabolic parameters as regular cigarette smoke has not yet been studied thoroughly in humans...
June 29, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657413/dynamic-measurement-of-newly-formed-carbonyl-compounds-in-vapors-from-electronic-cigarettes
#8
Cecilia Sala, Claudio Medana, Raffaele Pellegrino, Riccardo Aigotti, Federica Dal Bello, Giancarlo Bianchi, Enrico Davoli
Recently, the formation of carbonyl compound within e-cigarettes usage has been reported. The aim of this study was to develop a new analytical method for the direct analysis of carbonyl compounds in vaporized liquids. Two different types of e-cigarettes and different puff's duration have been evaluated, using a modified smoking machine for vapor generation. An isotopic dilution approach, based on deuterated internal standard addition to the e-liquid before filling the e-cigarette tank, has been developed. Carbonyl compounds have been sampled in vapors using a direct, simple, solid-phase microextraction technique with on-fiber derivatization...
April 2017: European Journal of Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646795/offsetting-the-impact-of-smoking-and-e-cigarette-vaping-on-the-cerebrovascular-system-and-stroke-injury-is-metformin-a-viable-countermeasure
#9
Mohammad A Kaisar, Heidi Villalba, Shikha Prasad, Taylor Liles, Ali Ehsan Sifat, Ravi K Sajja, Thomas J Abbruscato, Luca Cucullo
Recently published in vitro and in vivo findings strongly suggest that BBB impairment and increased risk for stroke by tobacco smoke (TS) closely resemble that of type-2 diabetes (2DM) and develop largely in response to common key modulators such oxidative stress (OS), inflammation and alterations of the endogenous antioxidative response system (ARE) regulated by the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2). Preclinical studies have also shown that nicotine (the principal e-liquid's ingredient used in e-cigarettes) can also cause OS, exacerbation of cerebral ischemia and secondary brain injury...
June 17, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644108/comparison-of-periodontal-parameters-and-self-perceived-oral-symptoms-among-cigarette-smokers-individuals-vaping-electronic-cigarettes-and-never-smokers-a-pilot-study
#10
Fawad Javed, Tariq Abduljabbar, Fahim Vohra, Hans Malmstrom, Irfan Rahman, Georgios E Romanos
BACKGROUND: There are no studies that have compared periodontal parameters and self-perceived oral symptoms (OS) among cigarette smokers (Group-1), individuals exclusively vaping electronic cigarettes (Group-2) and never-smokers (Group-3). The aim was to assess the periodontal parameters and self-perceived OS among vaping individuals, CS and NS. METHODS: Demographic data, self-perceived OS and duration and daily frequency of vaping and smoking were gathered using a questionnaire...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640563/-smoking-vaping-and-cardiovascular-risk-an-update
#11
Sofia Dalkou, Carole Clair
It is well known that tobacco smoking increases cardiovascular (CV) mortality and morbidity, however, smoking cessation is often neglected compared to other CV risk factors. Behavioral counseling as well as smoking cessation treatments are efficient and do not increase the risk of CV events when used for a defined duration. Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) contain potentially cardiotoxic substances but in lower concentrations than in cigarettes. The CV effect of ENDS is to date difficult to assess and depends on the type of device used and its mode of consumption...
June 7, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640562/-vaping-electronic-cigarette-how-to-advise-smokers-in-2017
#12
Isabelle Jacot Sadowski, Jean-Paul Humair, Jacques Cornuz
Questions about electronic cigarettes, also called electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), are very common when advising patients to stop smoking in medical practice. It is widely recognized that the risks of vaping are significantly lower than those of smoking, although there are uncertainties about its long-term health effects. Some studies suggest that vaping helps to stop smoking. Effective smoking cessation medications should be recommended in first line but vaping should not be discouraged when patients choose to use this device, as the main aim is smoking cessation...
June 7, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638314/in-person-retail-marketing-claims-in-tobacco-and-e-cigarette-shops-in-southern-california
#13
Joshua S Yang, Michele M Wood, Katelynn Peirce
BACKGROUND: E-cigarette use has been increasing in the United States, though knowledge of potential risks and harms associated with e-cigarette use is low. Marketing of e-cigarettes may serve as a source of information to shape beliefs and attitudes toward e-cigarettes. The purpose of this study was to identify the most common marketing claims made within "vape" and tobacco shops in sales interactions with customers in demographically diverse cities. METHODS: Vape and tobacco shops from three diverse cities in Southern California were selected for inclusion in the study...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628046/exploring-organizational-smoking-policies-and-employee-vaping-behavior
#14
Xiaochuan Song, Master Thomas M English, Marilyn V Whitman
OBJECTIVES: Cigarette consumption has become global threat to both smokers and organizations. However, little is known about organizational smoking and vaping policies, and their influence to employees' smoking and vaping behavior. METHODS: We collected data from 456 employed smokers, vapers, and/or dual users. Smoking and/or vaping behavior, along with perceived organizational smoking/vaping policies were examined. RESULTS: Vapers reported perceiving more stringent smoking policy, while vapers who reported having workplace vaping policies perceived having generally more stringent vaping policy...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621763/why-don-t-more-smokers-switch-to-using-e-cigarettes-the-views-of-confirmed-smokers
#15
Neil McKeganey, Tiffany Dickson
Whilst e-cigarettes have been characterised by Public Health England as being around 95% less harmful than combustible tobacco products, only a minority of current smokers (around 16% within the UK) are using these devices. In this paper we report the results of an online survey of 650 smokers in contact with a smokers' rights group in the UK. A total of 91% of the smokers surveyed were smoking on a daily basis. Fifty nine percent reported having used electronic nicotine delivery systems, the majority of whom reported having used e-cigarettes...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618425/electronic-cigarettes-in-germany-patterns-of-use-and-perceived-health-improvement
#16
Kirsten Lehmann, Silke Kuhn, Jens Reimer
AIMS: The aim of the study was to characterize e-cigarette users in terms of their consumption patterns, motives, and the perceived health benefits they experience from using e-cigarettes. DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional online survey in 2015. A total of 3,320 German e-cigarette users were enrolled. A total of 91.5% were former tobacco smokers, 7.5% used both e-cigarettes and tobacco products, 1.0% were never-smokers. RESULTS: No differences were found between ex-smokers and dual users with regard to sociodemographic and smoking history (mean age 40...
2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617772/electronic-cigarettes-as-an-introductory-tobacco-product-among-eighth-and-11th-grade-tobacco-users-oregon-2015
#17
Jonas Z Hines, Steven C Fiala, Katrina Hedberg
During 2011-2015, increased electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) and hookah use offset declines in cigarette and other tobacco product use among youths (persons aged <18 years) (1). Limited information exists about which tobacco product introduced youths to tobacco product use. Patterns of first use of e-cigarettes among Oregon youths who were tobacco users were assessed in the Oregon Healthy Teens 2015 survey, a cross-sectional survey of eighth and 11th grade students in Oregon. Respondents were asked, "The very first time you used any tobacco or vaping product, which type of product did you use?" Among students who had ever used any tobacco product (ever users), e-cigarettes were the most common introductory tobacco product reported by both eighth (43...
June 16, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605478/smoke-shop-misclassification-may-cloud-studies-on-vape-shop-density
#18
Daniel P Giovenco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591788/electronic-cigarette-a-longitudinal-study-of-regular-vapers
#19
Jean-François Etter
Introduction.: It is unclear how vaping behaviour changes over time in regular vapers, and what occurs when vapers relapse to smoking or when they stop vaping. We assessed change in vaping and smoking behaviours over 12 months in regular vapers. Methods.: A longitudinal study of 3868 regular vapers enrolled on the Internet in 2012-2015 ("baseline"), followed after one (n=1631, 42%), three (n=1337, 35%), six (n=1148, 30%) and 12 months (n=893, 23%). Results...
June 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581697/researchers-call-teen-vaping-one-way-bridge-to-smoking
#20
Carrie Printz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Cancer
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