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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452051/using-the-ecological-model-to-understand-influences-on-college-student-vaping
#1
Marshall Cheney, Mary Gowin, Ashley H Clawson
Objective The Ecological Model was used to examine the social and environmental influences of the college environment on e-cigarette use (vaping) among college students. Participants Undergraduate college student e-cigarette users (vapers) across three large college campuses in the southwest US from Jan 2015- Aug 2016. Methods Thirty-three interviews were conducted. Transcribed interviews were coded then analyzed for themes. Results College student vapers report multiple levels of influence on their vaping beyond personal beliefs and peer influences, including parents, explicit campus and community messaging, community member requests, and respect for others...
February 16, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450254/correlates-of-cannabis-vape-pen-use-and-knowledge-among-u-s-college-students
#2
Tessa Frohe, Robert F Leeman, Julie Patock-Peckham, Anthony Ecker, Shane Kraus, Dawn W Foster
Introduction: The proliferation of electronic devices, such as vape-pens, has provided alternative means for cannabis use. Research has found cannabis-vaping (i.e., vape-pen use) is associated with lower perceived risks and higher cannabis use. Knowledge of these products may increase likelihood of subsequent use. As policies for cannabis shift, beliefs that peers and family approve of this substance use (injunctive norms) increase and there has been an increase in vape-pen use among young adults (18-35 year olds); however, correlates thereof remain unknown...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448147/acceptance-and-patterns-of-personal-vaporizer-use-in-australia-and-the-united-kingdom-results-from-the-international-tobacco-control-survey
#3
Cheolmin Lee, Hua-Hie Yong, Ron Borland, Ann McNeill, Sara C Hitchman
BACKGROUND: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of (1) perceived social acceptability of personal vaporizer (PV)/e-cigarette use, and (2) reported vaping in public and private places, in the UK and Australia with different regulatory environments for PVs. METHODS: Data analyzed come from 2849 smokers and recent ex-smokers in the UK and Australia who participated in the 2014 wave of the International Tobacco Control Survey. RESULTS: UK respondents were more likely to think vaping is socially acceptable than Australians (56...
February 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447148/reasons-for-electronic-cigarette-use-among-middle-and-high-school-students-national-youth-tobacco-survey-united-states-2016
#4
James Tsai, Kimp Walton, Blair N Coleman, Saida R Sharapova, Sarah E Johnson, Sara M Kennedy, Ralph S Caraballo
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) were the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S. middle school and high school students in 2016 (1). CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) analyzed data from the 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) to assess self-reported reasons for e-cigarette use among U.S. middle school (grades 6-8) and high school (grades 9-12) student e-cigarette users. Among students who reported ever using e-cigarettes in 2016, the most commonly selected reasons for use were 1) use by "friend or family member" (39...
February 16, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439464/a-descriptive-longitudinal-study-of-changes-in-vape-shop-characteristics-and-store-policies-in-anticipation-of-the-2016-fda-regulations-of-tobacco-products-including-e-cigarettes
#5
Sheila Yu, Patricia Escobedo, Robert Garcia, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Leah Meza, Steve Sussman
After proposing the "Deeming Rule" in 2014, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) began regulating the manufacturing, marketing, and sales of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) products as tobacco products in 2016. The current study conducted vape shop store observations and surveyed Los Angeles-area shop employees (assessing their beliefs, awareness, and perceptions of e-cigarettes and related FDA regulations) at two time points one year apart to better understand what vape shop retailers would do given FDA's soon-to-be-enacted Deeming Rule...
February 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437663/doctors-should-state-clearly-that-vaping-is-much-lower-risk-than-smoking-says-report
#6
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425117/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-role-of-vape-shop-environments-in-supporting-smoking-abstinence
#7
Emma Ward, Sharon Cox, Lynne Dawkins, Sarah Jakes, Richard Holland, Caitlin Notley
E-cigarettes are the most popular method of quitting smoking in England and most are purchased in specialist vape shops. This qualitative study explores how the vape shop environment is experienced by quitters to support smoking abstinence. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted to elicit experiences of e-cigarette use, including experiences of vape shops, in 40 people who had used e-cigarettes in a quit attempt. Observations of six shops in a range of locations were also undertaken. Interview and observation data were analysed using inductive thematic analysis and triangulated...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419488/dual-use-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-ends-and-smoked-tobacco-a-qualitative-analysis
#8
Lindsay Robertson, Janet Hoek, Mei-Ling Blank, Rosalina Richards, Pamela Ling, Lucy Popova
INTRODUCTION: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) arguably pose fewer health risks than smoking, yet many smokers adopt ENDS without fully relinquishing smoking. Known as 'dual use', this practice is widespread and compromises the health benefits that ENDS may offer. To date, few studies have explored how dual use practices arise and manifest. METHODS: We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 20 current ENDS users from New Zealand who reported smoking tobacco at least once a month...
February 1, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414423/sociodemographic-disparities-in-e-cigarette-retail-environment-vape-stores-and-census-tract-characteristics-in-orange-county-ca
#9
Georgiana Bostean, Luis Sanchez, Adam M Lippert
Research shows disproportionate availability of tobacco retailers in disadvantaged neighborhoods, but little is known about the neighborhood correlates of e-cigarette specialty retailers (i.e., "vape stores"). We compiled addresses for all vape stores in Orange County (OC) (n = 174), CA, using a systematic internet search. Using American Community Survey data, we investigated the spatial structure and census tract correlates of vape store count. 23.4% of census tracts had at least one vape store, and those areas had higher percentage Hispanic population...
February 1, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399427/myocardial-ischemia-with-cannabinoid-use-in-an-adolescent
#10
Jeet J Mehta, Arjun K Mahendran, Ravi K Bajaj, Arpan R Doshi
A 16-year-old male presented to the emergency department with chest pain after smoking a synthetic cannabinoid from a vape pen. He had rising troponin I levels, and his exercise stress echocardiogram showed distal apical and septal hypokinesis that resolved at six-month follow-up. This case report raises concern about cardiac ischemia related to synthetic cannabinoid abuse in the pediatric population in the current era of cannabis legalization.
November 30, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382129/an-online-survey-of-new-zealand-vapers
#11
Penelope Truman, Marewa Glover, Trish Fraser
Using electronic cigarettes (vaping) is controversial, but is increasingly widespread. This paper reports the results of an electronic survey of vapers in New Zealand, a country where the sale and supply of e-liquids containing nicotine is illegal, although vapers can legally access e-liquids from overseas. An on-line survey was conducted, using vaper and smoking cessation networks for recruitment, with follow up surveys conducted 1 and 2 months after the initial survey. 218 participants were recruited. Almost all had been smokers, but three quarters no longer smoked, with the remainder having significantly reduced their tobacco use...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365191/vape-and-aviate-electronic-cigarette-use-and-misuse-in-naval-aviation
#12
Matthew T Hall, Ryan P Austin, Tai A Do, Andrea McGlynn
Electronic cigarettes (EC) are an emerging form of nicotine replacement that has had a discernible increase in prevalence in the general population. Little is known regarding EC use among different military demographic groups or the extent of influence that social determinants of health may have on the behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of EC use in a select population of active duty U.S. Naval personnel. This study is unique in that it allows for EC behavior comparison between a traditionally healthy demographic (aviators, a subset of aircrew) and a representative general military population sample...
January 20, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364737/speaking-up-about-lighting-up-in-public-examining-psychosocial-correlates-of-smoking-and-vaping-assertive-communication-intentions-among-u-s-adults
#13
Cabral A Bigman, Susan Mello, Ashley Sanders-Jackson, Andy S L Tan
Against a backdrop of increasing smoke-free policies, electronic cigarette use, and discussion about public health risks posed by smoking and vaping, this study examines psychosocial predictors of intentions to ask others not to use e-cigarettes (vape) and smoke - i.e., assertive communication intentions. A national sample of U.S. adults (n = 474) reported assertive communication intentions for public venues. Psychosocial correlates included perceived risks of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHSe) and secondhand vapor (SHVe), SHSe and SHVe attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived self-efficacy...
January 24, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349263/worldviews-and-trust-of-sources-for-health-information-on-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-effects-on-risk-perceptions-and-use
#14
Scott R Weaver, Amelia Jazwa, Lucy Popova, Paul Slovic, Richard B Rothenberg, Michael P Eriksen
Public health agencies, the news media, and the tobacco/vapor industry have issued contradictory statements about the health effects of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). We investigated the levels of trust that consumers place in different information sources and how trust is associated with cultural worldviews, risk perceptions, ENDS use, and sociodemographic characteristics using a nationally representative sample of 6051 U.S. adults in 2015. Seventeen percent of adults were uncertain about their trust for one or more potential sources...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327489/how-can-we-protect-youth-from-putative-vaping-gateway-effects-without-denying-smokers-a-less-harmful-option
#15
Coral Gartner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323610/the-debate-about-electronic-cigarettes-harm-minimization-or-the-precautionary-principle
#16
Lawrence W Green, Jonathan E Fielding, Ross C Brownson
Two contrasting reviews (authored by Abrams et al. and Glanz & Bareham) in this volume have reached opposing conclusions on the effects of electronic cigarettes in a debate that is dividing the scientific and professional communities that have devoted careers to controlling the manufacture, advertising, sale, and use of combustible cigarettes. The research on the types, degree, and extent of harm from e-cigarettes is far from complete and, together with trends in teenage smoking and vaping, has raised new questions and prospects about the potential benefits that the new electronic products offer smokers of combustible cigarettes in quitting or at least cutting back on the known risks associated with the traditional forms of smoking...
January 11, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315420/e-cigarette-marketing-and-communication-how-e-cigarette-companies-market-e-cigarettes-and-the-public-engages-with-e-cigarette-information
#17
Lauren Collins, Allison M Glasser, Haneen Abudayyeh, Jennifer L Pearson, Andrea C Villanti
Introduction: Given the lack of regulation on marketing of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in the U.S. and the increasing exchange of e-cigarette-related information online, it is critical to understand how e-cigarette companies market e-cigarettes and how the public engages with e-cigarette information. Methods: Results are from a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature on e-cigarettes via a PubMed search through June 1, 2017. Search terms included: "e-cigarette*" OR "electronic cigarette" OR "electronic cigarettes" OR "electronic nicotine delivery" OR "vape" OR "vaping...
January 5, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306962/initial-ratings-of-different-types-of-e-cigarettes-and-relationships-between-product-appeal-and-nicotine-delivery
#18
Peter Hajek, Dunja Przulj, Anna Phillips-Waller, Rebecca Anderson, Hayden McRobbie
AIMS: Little is known about features of e-cigarettes (EC) that facilitate or hinder the switch from smoking to vaping. We tested eight brands of EC to determine how nicotine delivery and other product characteristics influence user's initial reactions. METHODS: Fifteen vapers tested each product after overnight abstinence from both smoking and vaping. At each session, participant's vaped ad lib for 5 min. Blood samples were taken at baseline and at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 30 min after starting vaping...
January 6, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301008/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-promis-nicotine-dependence-item-bank-for-use-with-electronic-cigarettes
#19
Meghan Morean, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Steve Sussman, Jonathan Foulds, Howard Fishbein, Rachel Grana, Stephanie S O'Malley
Introduction: Psychometrically sound measures of e-cigarette dependence are lacking. Methods: We modified the PROMIS Nicotine Dependence Item Banks for use with e-cigarettes and evaluated the psychometrics of the 22-, 8- and 4-item adapted versions. 1009 adults who reported using e-cigarettes at least weekly completed an anonymous survey in Summer 2016 (50.2% male, 77.1% White, mean age 35.81 [10.71], 66.4% daily e-cigarette users, 72.6% current cigarette smokers)...
January 2, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295483/differences-between-dual-users-and-switchers-center-around-vaping-behavior-and-its-experiences-rather-than-beliefs-and-attitudes
#20
Karolien Adriaens, Dinska Van Gucht, Frank Baeyens
(1) Background: Many smokers completely switch to vaping (switchers), whereas others use e-cigarettes (e-cigs) alongside tobacco cigarettes (dual users). To the extent that dual users substantially lower the number of cigarettes, they will reduce health risks from smoking. However, from a medical point of view, exclusive vaping is preferable to dual use; (2) Methods: Using an online questionnaire we assessed behavioral, cognitive and attitudinal aspects of e-cig use in smoking and ex-smoking vapers; (3) Results: Our sample consisted of 19% dual users and 81% switchers...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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