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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090560/perceptions-of-secondhand-e-cigarette-aerosol-among-twitter-users
#1
Jennifer B Unger, Patricia Escobedo, Jon-Patrick Allem, Daniel W Soto, Kar-Hai Chu, Tess Cruz
OBJECTIVES: There is considerable debate among the public health community about the health risks of secondhand exposure to the aerosol from electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). Despite mounting scientific evidence on the chemical content of e-cigarette aerosol, public perceptions of the relative safety of secondhand e-cigarette aerosol have not been well characterized. METHOD: This study collected tweets, or messages sent using Twitter, about exposure to secondhand e-cigarette aerosol over a 6-week period in 2015...
April 2016: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087738/newer-vape-pens-still-trigger-urge-to-smoke-study-finds
#2
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076380/a-device-independent-evaluation-of-carbonyl-emissions-from-heated-electronic-cigarette-solvents
#3
Ping Wang, Wenhao Chen, Jiawen Liao, Toshiki Matsuo, Kazuhide Ito, Jeff Fowles, Dennis Shusterman, Mark Mendell, Kazukiyo Kumagai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how the two main electronic (e-) cigarette solvents-propylene glycol (PG) and glycerol (GL)-modulate the formation of toxic volatile carbonyl compounds under precisely controlled temperatures in the absence of nicotine and flavor additives. METHODS: PG, GL, PG:GL = 1:1 (wt/wt) mixture, and two commercial e-cigarette liquids were vaporized in a stainless steel, tubular reactor in flowing air ranging up to 318°C to simulate e-cigarette vaping...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067464/analysis-of-six-neuro-enhancing-phenidate-analogs
#4
Helge Klare, Jörg M Neudörfl, Simon D Brandt, Elisabeth Mischler, Sigrid Meier-Giebing, Kathrin Deluweit, Folker Westphal, Tim Laussmann
Six collected phenidates, i.e. 4-methylmethylphenidate, 3,4-dichloromethylphenidate, ethylphenidate, 3,4-dichloroethylphenidate, ethylnaphthidate and N-benzyl-ethylphenidate were fully characterized by means of X-ray, NMR, GC-MS, ESI-MS(2) , ATR-FT-IR and GC solid-state IR analysis. Crystallography revealed the exclusive presence of the threo-configuration. Steric crowding induced by N-benzyl substitution at the piperidine moiety prompted an adoption of an unexpected axial positioning of substituents on the piperidine moiety in the crystal state as opposed to the exclusive equatorial positioning encountered in N-unsubstituted phenidate analogs...
January 9, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027134/escape-the-vape-health-hazards-of-the-latest-nicotine-craze
#5
Sally Huey, Margaret Granitto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025516/motivations-and-limitations-associated-with-vaping-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-qualitative-analysis-of-reddit-discussions
#6
Ratika Sharma, Britta Wigginton, Carla Meurk, Pauline Ford, Coral E Gartner
This study aims to understand the nature and significance of online lay discussions about e-cigarettes and mental illness. We systematically searched the website Reddit.com using keywords related to e-cigarettes and mental illness. We coded relevant posts into themes under the framework of motivations for and limitations of vaping for people with mental illness. The thematic analysis included 3263 comments from 133 discussion threads. Six themes were classified as motivations to vape for people with mental illness: Self-medication; Quitting smoking; Freedom and control; Hobby; Social connectedness; and Motivation from caregivers and online communities...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934275/flavoring-compounds-dominate-toxic-aldehyde-production-during-e-cigarette-vaping
#7
Andrey Khlystov, Vera Samburova
The growing popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) raises concerns about the possibility of adverse health effects to primary users and people exposed to e-cigarette vapors. E-Cigarettes offer a very wide variety of flavors, which is one of the main factors that attract new, especially young, users. How flavoring compounds in e-cigarette liquids affect the chemical composition and toxicity of e-cigarette vapors is practically unknown. Although e-cigarettes are marketed as safer alternatives to traditional cigarettes, several studies have demonstrated formation of toxic aldehydes in e-cigarette vapors during vaping...
December 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932842/we-need-to-talk-about-vaping
#8
(no author information available yet)
A pilot study of the gingival response when smokers switch from smoking to vaping.
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932811/a-pilot-study-of-the-gingival-response-when-smokers-switch-from-smoking-to-vaping
#9
R Wadia, V Booth, H F Yap, D L Moyes
Introduction Tobacco smoking is one of the most important risk factors for periodontitis as it alters the host response to plaque. Although the prevalence of tobacco smoking has declined in recent years, the use of electronic-cigarettes (vaping) has increased. The effect of vaping on the gingiva is unknown and an evidence-base needs to be established before providing dental advice about the use of these products.Objective To compare the gingival health of a group of established smokers before and after substituting vaping for smoking tobacco...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914771/overview-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Jennifer L Pearson, Haneen Abudayyeh, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Andrea C Villanti
CONTEXT: Rapid developments in e-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and the evolution of the overall tobacco product marketplace warrant frequent evaluation of the published literature. The purpose of this article is to report updated findings from a comprehensive review of the published scientific literature on ENDS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The authors conducted a systematic review of published empirical research literature on ENDS through May 31, 2016, using a detailed search strategy in the PubMed electronic database, expert review, and additional targeted searches...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903958/global-approaches-to-regulating-electronic-cigarettes
#11
Ryan David Kennedy, Ayodeji Awopegba, Elaine De León, Joanna E Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Classify and describe the policy approaches used by countries to regulate e-cigarettes. METHODS: National policies regulating e-cigarettes were identified by (1) conducting web searches on Ministry of Health websites, and (2) broad web searches. The mechanisms used to regulate e-cigarettes were classified as new/amended laws, or existing laws. The policy domains identified include restrictions or prohibitions on product: sale, manufacturing, importation, distribution, use, product design including e-liquid ingredients, advertising/promotion/sponsorship, trademarks, and regulation requiring: taxation, health warning labels and child-safety standards...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886046/views-and-preferences-for-nicotine-products-as-an-alternative-to-smoking-a-focus-group-study-of-people-living-with-mental-disorders
#12
Carla Meurk, Pauline Ford, Ratika Sharma, Lisa Fitzgerald, Coral Gartner
Aims and Background: People living with mental disorders experience a disproportionately higher burden of tobacco-related disease than the general population. Long-term substitution with less harmful nicotine products could reduce the tobacco-related harm among this population. This study investigated the views and preferences of people with mental health disorders about different nicotine products and their use as long-term substitutes for cigarettes. Methods: Semi-structured focus group discussion followed by a brief questionnaire...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875790/vaping-to-lose-weight-predictors-of-adult-e-cigarette-use-for-weight-loss-or-control
#13
Meghan E Morean, Amelia V Wedel
INTRODUCTION: Some traditional cigarette smokers are motivated to smoke to lose weight or control their weight. The current study evaluated whether a subset of adult e-cigarette users reported vaping to lose or control their weight and examined potential predictors of vaping for weight management. METHODS: Adult e-cigarette users (n=459) who reported wanting to lose weight or maintain their weight completed an anonymous online survey. Participants reported on demographics, vaping frequency, e-cigarette nicotine content, cigarette smoking status, preferred e-cigarette/e-liquid flavors, current weight status (i...
March 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871045/electronic-cigarette-and-marijuana-use-among-youth-in-the-united-states
#14
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
BACKGROUND: There are growing concerns over the high rate of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and decreases in perceived harm of marijuana use among youth. We seek to identify risk factors associated with e-cigarette and marijuana use among U.S. middle and high school students. METHODS: Estimates of e-cigarette use only, marijuana use only, dual use of both substances as well as frequency of substance use were calculated for 8th, 10th and 12th grades with the typical age of 13, 15, 17 years old respectively by using the 2014 Monitoring the Future survey (n=16,184)...
March 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852893/philip-morris-research-on-precursors-to-the-modern-e-cigarette-since-1990
#15
Lauren M Dutra, Rachel Grana, Stanton A Glantz
BACKGROUND: Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is increasing rapidly. Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik is frequently cited as inventing the modern e-cigarette in 2003. However, tobacco companies have developed electronic nicotine delivery systems since at least 1963. METHODS: We searched the University of California San Francisco Truth (formerly Legacy) Tobacco Industry Documents beginning with the terms 'electric cigarette' and 'electronic cigarettes', 'e-cigarette', 'smokeless cigarettes', 'nicotine aerosol', 'tobacco aerosol', and 'vaping' and then expanded the search using snowball sampling...
November 15, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852721/e-cigarettes-a-safer-alternative-for-teenagers-a-uk-focus-group-study-of-teenagers-views
#16
Shona Hilton, Heide Weishaar, Helen Sweeting, Filippo Trevisan, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi
OBJECTIVE: Concerns exist that e-cigarettes may be a gateway to traditional cigarettes and/or (re)normalise teenage smoking. This qualitative study explores how teenagers in the UK currently perceive e-cigarettes and how and why they do or do not use them. DESIGN: 16 focus groups were conducted across the UK between November 2014 and February 2015, with 83 teenagers aged 14-17. All discussions were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, imported into NVivo 10 and thematically analysed...
November 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851650/2016-electronic-cigarettes-and-thermal-injury-a-case-report-on-the-dangers-of-vaping
#17
Nicole Schroeder, Kathryn Beavers, Amanda Yu, Kory Gardner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825000/association-of-e-cigarette-vaping-and-progression-to-heavier-patterns-of-cigarette-smoking
#18
LETTER
Adam M Leventhal, Matthew D Stone, Nafeesa Andrabi, Jessica Barrington-Trimis, David R Strong, Steve Sussman, Janet Audrain-McGovern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801793/identification-of-vape-shops-in-two-north-carolina-counties-an-approach-for-states-without-retailer-licensing
#19
Joseph G L Lee, Heather D'Angelo, Jaleel D Kuteh, Ryan J Martin
Stores that sell electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) as their primary product are a new phenomenon and often termed "vape shops". While vape shops are now regulated by state and federal agencies, not all states maintain lists of vape shops in operation. Standard ways of identifying tobacco retailers through off-premise alcohol permits and business listing services may not identify vape shops. We used four online business listing services (i.e., Google Maps, ReferenceUSA, YellowPages.com, Yelp) to identify vape shops in two counties in North Carolina (NC)...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798321/detection-of-5-hydroxymethylfurfural-and-furfural-in-the-aerosol-of-electronic-cigarettes
#20
Sarah Soussy, Ahmad El-Hellani, Rima Baalbaki, Rola Salman, Alan Shihadeh, Najat A Saliba
SIGNIFICANCE: The wide availability of sweet flavours has been hypothesised as a factor in the popularity of electronic cigarette (ECIG), especially among youth. Saccharides, which are commonly used to impart a sweet flavour to ECIG liquids, thermally degrade to produce toxic compounds, like aldehydes and furans. This study investigates the formation of furanic compounds in aerosols when ECIG liquid solutions of varying sweetener concentrations are vaped under different power and puff duration...
October 25, 2016: Tobacco Control
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