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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903958/global-approaches-to-regulating-electronic-cigarettes
#1
Ryan David Kennedy, Ayodeji Awopegba, Elaine De León, Joanna E Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Classify and describe the policy approaches used by countries to regulate e-cigarettes. METHODS: National policies regulating e-cigarettes were identified by (1) conducting web searches on Ministry of Health websites, and (2) broad web searches. The mechanisms used to regulate e-cigarettes were classified as new/amended laws, or existing laws. The policy domains identified include restrictions or prohibitions on product: sale, manufacturing, importation, distribution, use, product design including e-liquid ingredients, advertising/promotion/sponsorship, trademarks, and regulation requiring: taxation, health warning labels and child-safety standards...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886046/views-and-preferences-for-nicotine-products-as-an-alternative-to-smoking-a-focus-group-study-of-people-living-with-mental-disorders
#2
Carla Meurk, Pauline Ford, Ratika Sharma, Lisa Fitzgerald, Coral Gartner
Aims and Background: People living with mental disorders experience a disproportionately higher burden of tobacco-related disease than the general population. Long-term substitution with less harmful nicotine products could reduce the tobacco-related harm among this population. This study investigated the views and preferences of people with mental health disorders about different nicotine products and their use as long-term substitutes for cigarettes. Methods: Semi-structured focus group discussion followed by a brief questionnaire...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875790/vaping-to-lose-weight-predictors-of-adult-e-cigarette-use-for-weight-loss-or-control
#3
Meghan E Morean, Amelia V Wedel
INTRODUCTION: Some traditional cigarette smokers are motivated to smoke to lose weight or control their weight. The current study evaluated whether a subset of adult e-cigarette users reported vaping to lose or control their weight and examined potential predictors of vaping for weight management. METHODS: Adult e-cigarette users (n=459) who reported wanting to lose weight or maintain their weight completed an anonymous online survey. Participants reported on demographics, vaping frequency, e-cigarette nicotine content, cigarette smoking status, preferred e-cigarette/e-liquid flavors, current weight status (i...
October 24, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871045/electronic-cigarette-and-marijuana-use-among-youth-in-the-united-states
#4
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
BACKGROUND: There are growing concerns over the high rate of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and decreases in perceived harm of marijuana use among youth. We seek to identify risk factors associated with e-cigarette and marijuana use among U.S. middle and high school students. METHODS: Estimates of e-cigarette use only, marijuana use only, dual use of both substances as well as frequency of substance use were calculated for 8th, 10th and 12th grades with the typical age of 13, 15, 17 years old respectively by using the 2014 Monitoring the Future survey (n=16,184)...
November 18, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852893/philip-morris-research-on-precursors-to-the-modern-e-cigarette-since-1990
#5
Lauren M Dutra, Rachel Grana, Stanton A Glantz
BACKGROUND: Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is increasing rapidly. Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik is frequently cited as inventing the modern e-cigarette in 2003. However, tobacco companies have developed electronic nicotine delivery systems since at least 1963. METHODS: We searched the University of California San Francisco Truth (formerly Legacy) Tobacco Industry Documents beginning with the terms 'electric cigarette' and 'electronic cigarettes', 'e-cigarette', 'smokeless cigarettes', 'nicotine aerosol', 'tobacco aerosol', and 'vaping' and then expanded the search using snowball sampling...
November 15, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852721/e-cigarettes-a-safer-alternative-for-teenagers-a-uk-focus-group-study-of-teenagers-views
#6
Shona Hilton, Heide Weishaar, Helen Sweeting, Filippo Trevisan, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi
OBJECTIVE: Concerns exist that e-cigarettes may be a gateway to traditional cigarettes and/or (re)normalise teenage smoking. This qualitative study explores how teenagers in the UK currently perceive e-cigarettes and how and why they do or do not use them. DESIGN: 16 focus groups were conducted across the UK between November 2014 and February 2015, with 83 teenagers aged 14-17. All discussions were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, imported into NVivo 10 and thematically analysed...
November 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851650/2016-electronic-cigarettes-and-thermal-injury-a-case-report-on-the-dangers-of-vaping
#7
Nicole Schroeder, Kathryn Beavers, Amanda Yu, Kory Gardner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825000/association-of-e-cigarette-vaping-and-progression-to-heavier-patterns-of-cigarette-smoking
#8
LETTER
Adam M Leventhal, Matthew D Stone, Nafeesa Andrabi, Jessica Barrington-Trimis, David R Strong, Steve Sussman, Janet Audrain-McGovern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801793/identification-of-vape-shops-in-two-north-carolina-counties-an-approach-for-states-without-retailer-licensing
#9
Joseph G L Lee, Heather D'Angelo, Jaleel D Kuteh, Ryan J Martin
Stores that sell electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) as their primary product are a new phenomenon and often termed "vape shops". While vape shops are now regulated by state and federal agencies, not all states maintain lists of vape shops in operation. Standard ways of identifying tobacco retailers through off-premise alcohol permits and business listing services may not identify vape shops. We used four online business listing services (i.e., Google Maps, ReferenceUSA, YellowPages.com, Yelp) to identify vape shops in two counties in North Carolina (NC)...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798321/detection-of-5-hydroxymethylfurfural-and-furfural-in-the-aerosol-of-electronic-cigarettes
#10
Sarah Soussy, Ahmad El-Hellani, Rima Baalbaki, Rola Salman, Alan Shihadeh, Najat A Saliba
SIGNIFICANCE: The wide availability of sweet flavours has been hypothesised as a factor in the popularity of electronic cigarette (ECIG), especially among youth. Saccharides, which are commonly used to impart a sweet flavour to ECIG liquids, thermally degrade to produce toxic compounds, like aldehydes and furans. This study investigates the formation of furanic compounds in aerosols when ECIG liquid solutions of varying sweetener concentrations are vaped under different power and puff duration...
October 25, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798086/could-vaping-be-a-new-weapon-in-the-battle-of-the-bulge
#11
Marewa Glover, Bernhard H Breier, Linda Bauld
: As the prevalence of tobacco smoking has been decreasing, obesity has increased. Obesity is set to overtake tobacco smoking in many developed countries as the primary preventable cause of conditions such as diabetes, cancer, and heart disease. Obesity is a complex condition that is challenging public health prevention efforts. Tobacco smoking mitigates weight gain through nicotine's effect on the brain and metabolism. The prospect of gaining weight upon stopping smoking acts as an inhibitor to quitting and weight gain post-cessation is a common cause of relapse...
October 25, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793174/medical-cannabis-use-in-canada-vapourization-and-modes-of-delivery
#12
Samantha Shiplo, Mark Asbridge, Scott T Leatherdale, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: The mode of medical cannabis delivery-whether cannabis is smoked, vapourized, or consumed orally-may have important implications for its therapeutic efficacy and health risks. However, there is very little evidence on current patterns of use among Canadian medical cannabis users, particularly with respect to modes of delivery. The current study examined modes of medical cannabis delivery following regulatory changes in 2014 governing how Canadians access medical cannabis. METHODS: A total of 364 approved adult Canadian medical cannabis users completed an online cross-sectional survey between April and June 2015...
October 29, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773530/is-it-safe-to-vape-analyzing-online-forums-discussing-e-cigarette-use-during-pregnancy
#13
Britta Wigginton, Coral Gartner, Ingrid J Rowlands
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, or vaping, is increasing against a backdrop of declining smoking rates. E-cigarettes contain fewer toxicants than cigarettes, but their appearance and mode of use has the potential to satisfy the habitual aspects of smoking. To date, we know little about lay perceptions of the safety of using e-cigarettes in pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a thematic discourse analysis of 13 online discussion forum threads that discussed e-cigarette use during pregnancy...
October 20, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770657/prevalence-and-correlates-of-vaping-as-a-route-of-cannabis-administration-in-medical-cannabis-patients
#14
James A Cranford, Kipling M Bohnert, Brian E Perron, Carrie Bourque, Mark Ilgen
PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of vaporization (i.e., "vaping") as a route of cannabis administration in a sample of medical cannabis patients. PROCEDURES: Adults ages 21 and older (N=1485M age=45.1) who were seeking medical cannabis certification (either for the first time or as a renewal) at medical cannabis clinics in southern Michigan completed a screening assessment. Participants completed measures of route of cannabis administration, cannabis use, alcohol and other substance use...
October 15, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747198/a-comparison-of-students-and-non-students-with-respect-to-orientation-toward-e-cigarettes
#15
Craig W Trumbo, Raquel Harper
We examine differences between college students and non-students with respect to orientation toward e-cigarettes. Participants were U.S. adults 18-24 (465 students, 409 non-students). Data collection employed an online survey by GfK Custom Research. Smoking, vaping, and use of alternate tobacco were assessed, as were variables from the Theory of Reasoned Action and Diffusion of Innovations. This study showed that smoking status largely explains use and orientation toward electronic cigarettes among both students and non-students, with differences attributable to higher smoking rates among non-students...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743870/clearing-the-clouds-malaysia-s-vape-epidemic
#16
Kurubaran Ganasegeran, Abdul Rashid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736944/week-long-topography-study-of-young-adults-using-electronic-cigarettes-in-their-natural-environment
#17
R J Robinson, E C Hensel, K A Roundtree, A G Difrancesco, J M Nonnemaker, Y O Lee
Results of an observational, descriptive study quantifying topography characteristics of twenty first generation electronic nicotine delivery system users in their natural environment for a one week observation period are presented. The study quantifies inter-participant variation in puffing topography between users and the intra-participant variation for each user observed during one week of use in their natural environment. Puff topography characteristics presented for each user include mean puff duration, flow rate and volume for each participant, along with descriptive statistics of each quantity...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734067/-vaping-bans-spread-as-australia-waits-for-evidence
#18
Anne Messenger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729564/have-combustible-cigarettes-met-their-match-the-nicotine-delivery-profiles-and-harmful-constituent-exposures-of-second-generation-and-third-generation-electronic-cigarette-users
#19
Theodore L Wagener, Evan L Floyd, Irina Stepanov, Leslie M Driskill, Summer G Frank, Ellen Meier, Eleanor L Leavens, Alayna P Tackett, Neil Molina, Lurdes Queimado
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes' (e-cigarettes) viability as a public health strategy to end smoking will likely be determined by their ability to mimic the pharmacokinetic profile of a cigarette while also exposing users to significantly lower levels of harmful/potentially harmful constituents (HPHCs). The present study examined the nicotine delivery profile of third- (G3) versus second-generation (G2) e-cigarette devices and their users' exposure to nicotine and select HPHCs compared with cigarette smokers...
October 11, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708124/role-of-sweet-and-other-flavours-in-liking-and-disliking-of-electronic-cigarettes
#20
Hyoshin Kim, Juyun Lim, Stephanie S Buehler, Marielle C Brinkman, Nathan M Johnson, Laura Wilson, Kandice S Cross, Pamela I Clark
OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which the perception of sweet and other flavours is associated with liking and disliking of flavoured electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). METHODS: 31 participants (13 females/18 males; 12 sole/19 dual users) vaped 6 commercially available flavours of blu Tanks: Classic Tobacco (CT), Magnificent Menthol (MM), Cherry Crush (CC), Vivid Vanilla (VV), Piña Colada (PC) and Peach Schnapps (PS); all 'medium' strength, 12 mg/mL nicotine concentration...
October 5, 2016: Tobacco Control
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