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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241986/the-effects-of-gender-and-sexuality-based-harassment-on-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-substance-use-disparities
#1
Robert W S Coulter, Melina Bersamin, Stephen T Russell, Christina Mair
PURPOSE: We tested three competing models about whether gender- and sexuality-based harassment at school have nonindependent, additive, or interactive effects on adolescents' electronic cigarette use (i.e., vaping), cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and heavy episodic drinking (HED). We also tested whether harassment mediated substance use disparities between lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) adolescents and their cisgender heterosexual peers. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from the 2013-2014 California Healthy Kids Survey, including 316,766 students in grades 7, 9, and 11 from more than 1,500 middle and high schools...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236549/does-seeking-e-cigarette-information-lead-to-vaping-evidence-from-a-national-longitudinal-survey-of-youth-and-young-adults
#2
Qinghua Yang, Jiaying Liu, Kirsten Lochbuehler, Robert Hornik
Youth and young adults (YYAs) are vulnerable populations for e-cigarette use or vaping. This study examined the effect of YYAs' health information seeking behavior (HISB) around e-cigarette use and vaping on their subsequent vaping behavior. We conducted a nationally representative longitudinal phone survey of 13-25 year olds from June 2014 to September 2016, with 2,413 respondents who completed a baseline and follow-up survey six months later. The results from lagged logistic regressions and mediation analyses showed a) that information seeking predicted higher likelihood of vaping six months later even after controlling for baseline smoking and vaping status, intention to vape, and demographics, and b) that information seeking partially mediated the relationship between intention to vape and subsequent vaping behavior...
December 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208738/a-new-form-of-nicotine-retailers-a-systematic-review-of-the-sales-and-marketing-practices-of-vape-shops
#3
REVIEW
Joseph G L Lee, Elizabeth N Orlan, Kerry B Sewell, Kurt M Ribisl
OBJECTIVE: Retailers that primarily or exclusively sell electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or vaping products represent a new category of tobacco retailer. We sought to identify (a) how vape shops can be identified and (b) sales and marketing practices of vape shops. DATA SOURCES: A medical librarian iteratively developed a search strategy and in February 2017 searched seven academic databases (ABI/INFORM Complete, ECONLit, Embase, Entrepreneurship, PsycINFO, PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus)...
December 5, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205616/moving-beyond-vaping-as-a-cessation-only-practice
#4
Megan Weier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202631/vaping-medical-marijuana
#5
Devina Singh, Steven Lippmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201950/using-the-vape-shop-standardized-tobacco-assessment-for-retail-settings-v-stars-to-assess-product-availability-price-promotions-and-messaging-in-new-hampshire-vape-shop-retailers
#6
Amanda Y Kong, Jessica L Eaddy, Susan L Morrison, Donna Asbury, Kristine M Lindell, Kurt M Ribisl
Objectives: This is the first statewide census of the product availability, price promotions, and product messaging of vape shops. Methods: A comprehensive list of New Hampshire vape shops was developed through a previously validated online search method. Store audits were conducted in 55 stores between January and February 2016 using the Vape Shop Standardized Tobacco Assessment for Retail Settings (V-STARS). Results: Modifiable devices and cig-alikes were sold in 92...
April 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200550/-vaping-emergence-of-a-new-paraphernalia
#7
REVIEW
Subrata Naskar, Praveen Kumar Jakati
As research, has progressed through ages, we have been able to uncover the true nature of nicotine addiction. Humankind is now aware of the various ailments that it brings with it. As the slogan for a smokeless world for a better world has been raised, a new practice called "vaping" has come to the forefront. The use of electronic cigarettes (EC) has been on the rise recently. Claims have been made over its role for nicotine deaddiction as well as reducing harmful use for chronic nicotine abusers. In the current review, we searched the PubMed database for available literatures on this practice...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193537/e-cigarette-price-sensitivity-among-middle-and-high-school-students-evidence-from-monitoring-the-future
#8
Michael F Pesko, Jidong Huang, Lloyd D Johnston, Frank J Chaloupka
AIMS: We estimate associations between e-cigarette prices (both disposable and refill) and e-cigarette use among middle and high school students in the United States. We also estimate associations between cigarette prices and e-cigarette use. DESIGN: We use regression models to estimate the associations between e-cigarette and cigarette prices and e-cigarette use. In our regression models, we exploit changes in e-cigarette and cigarette prices across four periods of time and across 50 markets...
November 29, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150279/resolution-of-recurrent-tonsillitis-in-a-non-smoker-who-became-a-vaper-a-case-study-and-new-hypothesis
#9
Joanna Astrid Miler, Peter Hajek
BACKGROUND: Evidence concerning the impact of vaping on respiratory infections remains contradictory. Cell and animal studies suggested that vaping may increase vulnerability to respiratory infections, but human data do not confirm this concern. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a never-smoker who became a vaper and after a few months of e-cigarette use experienced a complete resolution of chronic tonsillitis and a marked improvement in tonsilloliths. CONCLUSIONS: As this is a never-smoker, the improvements cannot be attributed to smoking cessation...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144995/content-analysis-of-homeless-smokers-perspectives-on-established-and-alternative-smoking-interventions
#10
Susan E Collins, Victoria E Orfaly, Teresa Wu, Sunny Chang, Robert V Hardy, Amia Nash, Matthew B Jones, Leslie Mares, Emily M Taylor, Lonnie A Nelson, Seema L Clifasefi
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is 5 times more prevalent among homeless individuals than in the general population, and homeless individuals are disproportionately affected by smoking-related morbidity and mortality. Homeless smokers report interest in changing their smoking behavior; however, established smoking cessation interventions are neither desirable to nor highly effective for most members of this population. The aim of this study was to document homeless smokers' perceptions of established smoking interventions as well as self-generated, alternative smoking interventions to elucidate points for intervention enhancement...
November 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129555/nicotine-delivery-efficiency-of-first-and-second-generation-e-cigarettes-and-its-impact-on-relief-of-craving-during-the-acute-phase-of-use
#11
Tobias Rüther, Dieter Hagedorn, Konstantin Schiela, Thomas Schettgen, Helga Osiander-Fuchs, Wolfgang Schober
Knowledge about the change in blood nicotine concentrations during the first five minutes (acute phase) of e-cigarette vaping is important to determine whether the used product has a dependence potential or may be an efficient nicotine replacement product. To address this issue, we monitored blood nicotine levels during the acute phase in volunteers using disposable cigalikes (CLs) and a tank model (TM) and compared them with blood nicotine levels in subjects using a tobacco cigarette (TC). In parallel, heart rate changes were continually measured and withdrawal symptoms and craving were assessed with the Questionnaire on Smoking Urges before and immediately after the vaping/smoking sessions...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128149/vape-pen-product-placement-in-popular-music-videos
#12
EDITORIAL
Jon-Patrick Allem, Patricia Escobedo, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126149/-they-re-thinking-well-it-s-not-as-bad-i-probably-won-t-get-addicted-to-that-but-it-s-still-got-the-nicotine-in-it-so%C3%A2-maturity-control-and-socialising-negotiating-identities-in-relation-to-smoking-and-vaping-a-qualitative-study-of-young-adults-in-scotland
#13
Mark Lucherini, Catriona Rooke, Amanda Amos
Objective: To explore the understandings of and engagement with e-cigarettes, of young adults from disadvantaged backgrounds, and how these may be impacting upon existing smoking identities. Methods: Twenty-two small group and 11 individual qualitative interviews conducted in Central Scotland with 72 16-24 year olds between September 2015 and April 2016. Participants were mostly smokers and ex-smokers from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds. Results: While most participants had tried e-cigarettes, they generally held ambivalent views about e-cigarettes and vaping...
November 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107198/the-effect-of-e-cigarette-indoor-vaping-restrictions-on-adult-prenatal-smoking-and-birth-outcomes
#14
Michael T Cooper, Michael F Pesko
We estimate the effect of county-level e-cigarette indoor vaping restrictions on adult prenatal smoking and birth outcomes using United States birth record data for 7 million pregnant women living in places already comprehensively banning the indoor use of traditional cigarettes. We use both cross-sectional and panel data to estimate our difference-in-difference models. Our panel model results suggest that adoption of a comprehensive indoor vaping restriction increased prenatal smoking by 2.0 percentage points, which is double the estimate obtained from a cross-sectional model...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106669/a-randomized-trial-of-the-effect-of-youth-appealing-e-cigarette-advertising-on-susceptibility-to-use-e-cigarettes-among-youth
#15
Alisa A Padon, Kirsten Lochbuehler, Erin K Maloney, Joseph N Cappella
Introduction: Very little is known about how e-cigarette marketing is being perceived by youth, and the potential effect it will have on youth vaping and smoking behaviors. This limits the ability to identify youth-focused marketing efforts and to design effective policies for the regulation of e-cigarette marketing content and placement. Methods: A sample of 417 nonsmoking youth (mean age = 15, SD = 1.3) were randomly assigned to either view four e-cigarette ads with low youth appeal, four e-cigarette ads with high youth appeal or four control ads...
July 5, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097588/the-impact-of-flavour-device-type-and-warning-messages-on-youth-preferences-for-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-evidence-from-an-online-discrete-choice-experiment
#16
Ce Shang, Jidong Huang, Frank J Chaloupka, Sherry L Emery
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of flavour, device type and health warning messages on youth preference for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and to provide evidence and data to inform the Food and Drug Administration's potential regulatory actions on ENDS. DESIGN: An online discrete choice experiment was conducted in September 2015. Each participant was given nine choice sets and asked to choose one out of two alternative ENDS products, with varying characteristics in three attributes (flavour, device type and warning message)...
November 2, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076176/electronic-cigarette-use-among-individuals-with-a-self-reported-eating-disorder-diagnosis
#17
Meghan E Morean, Alexa L'Insalata
OBJECTIVE: The primary study aim was to examine whether rates of using e-cigarettes ("vaping") to lose weight are elevated among American adults who self-report having an eating disorder (ED). METHOD: Adult vapers who reported either currently having an ED (n = 178; 72.5% women, 83.7% White, mean age 33.26 [SD = 8.35] years) or no ED history (n = 433; 54.7% women, 83.4% White, 35.98 [SD = 11.71] years) completed an anonymous survey. RESULTS: Relative to participants reporting no ED history, participants who reported currently having an ED were more likely to report vaping to lose/control weight, because it can be concealed from others, and due to the availability of sweet flavors...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069879/the-surgical-impact-of-e-cigarettes-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-current-literature
#18
REVIEW
Megan Fracol, Robert Dorfman, Lindsay Janes, Swati Kulkarni, Kevin Bethke, Nora Hansen, John Kim
We report a case of a 51 years old female with a 25 pack year smoking history who underwent bilateral mastectomy and immediate tissue expander reconstruction for newly diagnosed right breast cancer. The patient reported herself as a non-smoker despite significant e-cigarette use, with resulting significant mastectomy skin flap necrosis and breast reconstruction failure. Little is known about the physiologic effect of e-cigarettes on wound healing and tissue perfusion. To this end, we provide an updated review of the impact of e-cigarettes on surgical outcomes...
November 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065208/advice-from-former-smoking-e-cigarette-users-to-current-smokers-on-how-to-use-e-cigarettes-as-part-of-an-attempt-to-quit-smoking
#19
Christopher Russell, Tiffany Dickson, Neil McKeganey
Introduction: Substitution of e-cigarettes for tobacco smoking has the potential to prevent almost all the harm caused by smoking. Identifying strategies that may increase smokers' capability, opportunity and motivation to use e-cigarettes in place of tobacco cigarettes is vital. Former smokers who have successfully used e-cigarettes to quit smoking may be especially well qualified to increase current smokers' interest in switching and ability to switch to e-cigarettes. Methods: A multi-national, self-selected sample of 4192 former smokers who quit smoking by using e-cigarettes were asked, via an online survey, the advice they would offer to smokers who are considering using e-cigarettes to support an attempt to quit smoking...
August 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065192/studies-on-vape-shop-density-a-response-from-the-authors
#20
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao, Delwyn Catley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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