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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944782/perioperative-cerebrospinal-fluid-drainage-for-the-prevention-of-spinal-ischemia-after-endovascular-aortic-repair
#1
M Wortmann, D Böckler, P Geisbüsch
Endovascular treatment of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic diseases is accompanied by a risk of spinal ischemia in 1-19% of patients, depending on the entity and extent of the disease. The use of perioperative drainage of cerebrospinal fluid is one of the invasive measures to reduce the occurrence of this severe complication. This article reviews the incidence of spinal ischemia, its risk factors, the evidence for carrying out cerebrospinal fluid drainage and its modern use by means of an automated, pressure controlled system (LiquoGuard®7)...
2017: Gefässchirurgie: Zeitschrift Für Vaskuläre und Endovaskuläre Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944509/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-prostatic-abscess-in-the-post-antibiotic-era
#2
REVIEW
Anne Lenore Ackerman, Pooja S Parameshwar, Jennifer T Anger
We reviewed the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, treatment options and outcomes of prostatic abscess in the post-antibiotic era, focusing on how patient risk factors and the emergence of multidrug-resistant organisms influence management of the condition. A MEDLINE search for "prostate abscess" or "prostatic abscess" was carried out. Prostate abscess is no longer considered a consequence of untreated urinary infection; now, men with prostatic abscess are typically debilitated or immunologically compromised, with >50% of patients having diabetes...
September 24, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944413/longer-term-baerveldt-to-trabectome-glaucoma-surgery-comparison-using-propensity-score-matching
#3
Tigran Kostanyan, Tarek Shazly, Kevin B Kaplowitz, Steven Z Wang, Sushma Kola, Eric N Brown, Nils A Loewen
PURPOSE: To apply propensity score matching to compare Baerveldt glaucoma drainage implant (BGI) to Trabectome-mediated ab interno trabeculectomy (AIT). Recent data suggests that AIT can produce results similar to BGI which is traditionally reserved for more severe glaucoma. METHODS: BGI and AIT patients with at least 1 year of follow-up were included. The primary outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP), number of glaucoma medications, and a Glaucoma Index (GI) score...
September 25, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944192/intraocular-pressure-control-of-a-novel-glaucoma-drainage-device-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#4
Li-Jun Cui, Di-Chen Li, Jian Liu, Lei Zhang, Yao Xing
AIM: To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) control of an artificial trabeculum drainage system (ATDS), a newly designed glaucoma drainage device, and postoperative complications in normal rabbit eyes. METHODS: Pressure drops in air and fluid of 30 ATDS were measured after being connected to a closed manometric system. Twenty of them were then chosen and implanted randomly into the eyes of 20 rabbits. Postoperative slit-lamp, gonioscopic examination and IOP measurements were recorded periodically...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942464/spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-sdavf-variant-with-dual-perimedullary-and-epidural-drainage
#5
Philippe Gailloud
PURPOSE: A spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) is an abnormal connection between a radiculomeningeal artery and a radiculomedullary vein (RMV) characteristically draining into the perimedullary venous system. We present an observation of SDAVF draining simultaneously into the perimedullary and epidural venous systems. METHODS: A 67-year-old man presented with lower extremity weakness and sphincter dysfunction. MRI documented a longitudinally extensive myelopathy with parenchymal enhancement and flow-voids on T2-weighted images...
September 23, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942407/endoscopic-surgical-management-of-a-large-morel-lavall%C3%A3-e-lesion
#6
Andrew Walls, Samuel E McMahon, Jonathan MacDonald, Jonathan Bunn
The Morel-Lavallée lesion is a closed degloving injury that usually occurs following high-energy trauma. We present a case demonstrating endoscopic management of this lesion. A 44-year-old man fell from scaffolding. Initial assessment demonstrated no significant injury. An ultrasound scan 2 days post injury revealed a large fluid collection along the lateral right thigh. This subsequently became infected and did not respond to antibiotic therapy.Due to the extent of the lesion, we were reluctant to perform a traditional open drainage...
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942188/study-of-a-tropical-soil-in-order-to-use-it-to-retain-aluminum-iron-manganese-and-fluoride-from-acid-mine-drainage
#7
Miriam Gonçalves Miguel, Rodrigo Paiva Barreto, Sueli Yoshinaga Pereira
The Ore Treatment Unit (UTM-Caldas), in the city of Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, nowadays in decommissioning stage, was the first uranium extraction mine in Brazil. Several negative environmental impacts in the area have occurred, because of mining, treatment and beneficiation processes. Waste rock pile 4 (WRP-4) generates acid mine drainage (AMD), which is discharged in the Nestor Figueiredo retention pond (NFP). However, leakage of acid water by the NFP dam foundation has been constantly observed. Therefore, this research aimed to investigate a typical tropical soil, in order to use it as mineral liner for the NFP to minimize the leakage of acid water through the dam foundation and to retain predominant chemical species...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941556/subgaleal-hematoma-at-the-contralateral-side-of-scalp-trauma-in-an-adult
#8
Ching-En Chen, Zen-Zhon Liao, Yen-Heng Lee, Cheng-Chieh Liu, Chi-Kao Tang, Yi-Rong Chen
BACKGROUND: Subgaleal hematoma (SGH), an abnormal accumulation of blood under the galeal aponeurosis of the scalp, is more commonly observed in newborns and children. According to previous cases, the etiology of SGH includes mild head trauma, vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery, contusion, and hair braiding or pulling. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old healthy worker came to our emergency department (ED) due to scalp lacerations from an accident that caused severe twisting of his hair...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941329/tokyo-guidelines-2018-initial-management-of-acute-biliary-infection-and-flowchart-for-acute-cholangitis
#9
Fumihiko Miura, Kohji Okamoto, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Horacio J Asbun, Henry A Pitt, Harumi Gomi, Joseph S Solomkin, David Schlossberg, Ho-Seong Han, Myung-Hwan Kim, Tsann-Long Hwang, Miin-Fu Chen, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Seiki Kiriyama, Takao Itoi, O James Garden, Kui-Hin Liau, Akihiko Horiguchi, Keng-Hao Liu, Cheng-Hsi Su, Dirk Joan Gouma, Giulio Belli, Christos Dervenis, Palepu Jagannath, Angus C W Chan, Wan Yee Lau, Itaru Endo, Kenji Suzuki, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Eduardo de Santibañes, Mariano Eduardo Giménez, Eduard Jonas, Harjit Singh, Goro Honda, Koji Asai, Yasuhisa Mori, Keita Wada, Ryota Higuchi, Manabu Watanabe, Toshiki Rikiyama, Naohiro Sata, Nobuyasu Kano, Akiko Umezawa, Shuntaro Mukai, Hiromi Tokumura, Jiro Hata, Kazuto Kozaka, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Masamichi Yokoe, Taizo Kimura, Seigo Kitano, Masafumi Inomata, Koichi Hirata, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Kazuo Inui, Masakazu Yamamoto
The initial management of patients with suspected acute biliary infection starts with the measurement of vital signs to assess whether or not the situation is urgent. If the case is judged to be urgent, initial medical treatment should be started immediately including respiratory/circulatory management if required, without waiting for the definitive diagnosis. The patient's medical history is then taken; an abdominal examination is performed; blood tests, urinalysis, and diagnostic imaging are carried out; and a diagnosis is made using the diagnostic criteria for cholangitis/cholecystitis...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940518/sandwich-compression-with-rubbery-tourniquet-sheets-and-cotton-balls-for-auricular-pseudocyst
#10
Ming-Ying Wu, Chun-Bing Chen, Yi-Hsi Chen, Catherine Chang, Kai-Chieh Chan
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Pseudocyst of the auricle is a benign, noninflammatory cystic disease that is more common in Asians than in Caucasians. When managed conservatively, the results are often unsatisfactory and recurrences are common. We aimed to introduce a novel modified surgical method that involves a deroofing technique followed by a sandwich compression suture using two rubber tourniquet sheets and an iodine-soaked cotton ball for the treatment of auricular pseudocysts and to ascertain its effectiveness...
September 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940225/treatment-of-refractory-ascites-with-an-automated-low-flow-ascites-pump-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#11
G Stirnimann, T Berg, L Spahr, S Zeuzem, S McPherson, F Lammert, F Storni, V Banz, J Babatz, V Vargas, A Geier, A Stallmach, C Engelmann, C Trepte, J Capel, A De Gottardi
BACKGROUND: Refractory ascites (RA) is a frequent complication of cirrhosis, requiring large volume paracentesis or placement of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS). The automated low-flow ascites pump (alfapump, Sequana Medical AG, Zurich, Switzerland) is an innovative treatment option for patients with RA. AIM: To assess safety and efficacy of this treatment in patients with a contraindication to TIPSS. METHODS: Fifty-six patients (43 males; mean age 62 years) from centres in Germany, Switzerland, UK and Spain were included and followed for up to 24 months...
September 21, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939046/hospital-based-study-of-the-frequency-and-risk-factors-of-stroke-recurrence-in-two-years-in-china
#12
Qian He, Cheng Wu, Wei Guo, Zhi-Yong Wang, Yan-Fang Zhao, Jian Lu, Ying-Yi Qin, Yi-Bin Guo, Yu-Chen Qin, Chuan-Di Pan, Jia He
BACKGROUND: Stroke causes death and disability throughout the world and recurrent stroke events are more likely to be disabling or fatal. We conducted a hospital-based study to investigate the frequency and influence factors of stroke recurrence in China. METHODS: Data from patients hospitalized with stroke between January 2007 and December 2010 of 109 tertiary hospitals in China were used. Stroke recurrence and associated factors were ascertained. The zero-inflated model was used to evaluate the factors of recurrence...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938984/cochrane-review-summary-abdominal-drainage-versus-no-drainage-postgastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#13
Melissa Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938497/accuracy-and-safety-of-ventriculostomy-using-two-different-procedures-of-external-ventricular-drainage-a-single-center-series
#14
Patrick Schuss, Christian Wispel, Valeri Borger, Ági Güresir, Hartmut Vatter, Erdem Güresir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938215/evaluation-of-bioenergy-crop-growth-and-the-impacts-of-bioenergy-crops-on-streamflow-tile-drain-flow-and-nutrient-losses-in-an-extensively-tile-drained-watershed-using-swat
#15
Tian Guo, Raj Cibin, Indrajeet Chaubey, Margaret Gitau, Jeffrey G Arnold, Raghavan Srinivasan, James R Kiniry, Bernard A Engel
Large quantities of biofuel production are expected from bioenergy crops at a national scale to meet US biofuel goals. It is important to study biomass production of bioenergy crops and the impacts of these crops on water quantity and quality to identify environment-friendly and productive biofeedstock systems. SWAT2012 with a new tile drainage routine and improved perennial grass and tree growth simulation was used to model long-term annual biomass yields, streamflow, tile flow, sediment load, and nutrient losses under various bioenergy scenarios in an extensively agricultural watershed in the Midwestern US...
September 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938128/contralateral-axillary-lymph-node-metastasis-in-second-primary-breast-cancer-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Jacob Gingerich, Edna Kapenhas, Jack Morgani, Alan Heimann
The rare entity of contra-lateral axillary lymph node metastasis(CAM) has been a debatable topic in the realm of breast cancer management for many years. There remains controversy over whether CAM should be considered distant metastasis or locoregional spread. It is also uncertain why or how CAM occurs. In this case report and review of the literature, we present an 81-year-old female with an apparent second primary breast cancer with synchronous CAM. This paper describes a scenario of altered lymphatic drainage which likely lead to CAM...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937488/the-significance-of-arachnoid-granulation-in-patients-with-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#17
Gaurav Vishwasrao Watane, Bhumi Patel, Derek Brown, M Reza Taheri
PURPOSE: The aim of this article was to study the significance of arachnoid granulations (AGs) in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). METHODS: In an institutional review board-approved retrospective chart review study, 79 patients with clinical diagnosis of idiopathic increased intracranial pressure were compared with 63 patients with a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis. Inclusion criteria also included available magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, older than 18 years, and female sex...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936639/an-assessment-of-the-potential-use-of-compost-filled-plastic-void-forming-units-to-serve-as-vents-on-historic-landfills-and-related-sites
#18
Fredrick U Mbanaso, Stephen J Coupe, Ernest O Nnadi, Alan P Newman
Much of the solid municipal waste generated by society is sent to landfill, where biodegrading processes result in the release of methane, a major contributor to climate change. This work examined the possibility of installing a type of biofilter within paved areas of the landfill site, making use of modified pervious paving, both to allow the escape of ground gas and to avoid contamination of groundwater, using specially designed test models with provision for gas sampling in various chambers. It proposes the incorporation of an active layer within a void forming box with a view to making dual use of the pervious pavement to provide both a drainage feature and a ground gas vent, whilst providing an active layer for the oxidation of methane by microbial action...
September 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935012/-combining-3d-ctba-and-3d-vats-single-operation-hole-to-%C3%A2-anatomical-segmentectomy-in-the-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Xiaowei She, Yunbin Gu, Chun Xu, Xinyu Song, Chang Li, Cheng Ding, Jun Chen, Yongsheng Gong, Jun Zhao
BACKGROUND: China is a high-incidence area of lung cancer, and its morbidity and mortality were the highest in malignant tumors. At present, the popularization of low-dose computed tomography (CT) examination has significantly improved the detection rate of early lung cancer, anatomical segmentectomy is currently widely used early in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and those who cannot tolerate lobectomy in patients with lung cancer. However, the anatomical structure of segment and its surgical operation is relatively complex, lead to segmentectomy has a high risk and difficulty...
September 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934814/prenatal-diagnosis-of-agenesis-of-ductus-venosus-a-retrospective-study-of-anatomic-variants-associated-anomalies-and-impact-on-postnatal-outcome
#20
Brigitte Strizek, Aikaterini Zamprakou, Ingo Gottschalk, Maria Roethlisberger, Astrid Hellmund, Andreas Müller, Ulrich Gembruch, Annegret Geipel, Christoph Berg
Purpose To assess the anatomic variants, associated anomalies and postnatal outcome of fetuses with a prenatally diagnosed agenesis of ductus venosus (ADV). Materials and Methods Retrospective study of 119 cases with agenesis of ductus venosus diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound in two tertiary referral centers from 2006 to 2014. The type and location of the umbilical venous drainage site was noted. Charts were reviewed for associated structural or chromosomal anomalies, pregnancy outcome and postnatal course...
September 21, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
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