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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053995/effects-of-a-whey-protein-supplementation-on-oxidative-stress-body-composition-and-glucose-metabolism-among-overweight-people-affected-by-diabetes-mellitus-or-impaired-fasting-glucose-a-pilot-study
#1
Chiara Flaim, Michael Kob, Angela M Di Pierro, Markus Herrmann, Lucio Lucchin
Obesity and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) are characterized by chronic inflammation and oxidative stress [Donath et al. 2013] and this leads to cardiovascular diseases [Hulsmans & Holvoet 2010]. Whey proteins (WP) have antioxidant [Chitapanarux et al. 2009], anti-inflammatory [Sugawara et al. 2012] and hypoglycemic activities [Mignone et al. 2015], while data on weight, body composition [Frestedt et al. 2008; Aldrich et al. 2011] and blood pressure are conflicting [Kawase et al. 2000; Lee et al. 2007]. WP have unpleasant taste and smell [Patel 2015], but a new WP isolate (ProLYOtin®) seems to be more palatable...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053758/sex-differences-in-long-term-mortality-among-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-results-from-the-isar-risk-and-art-studies
#2
Romy Ubrich, Petra Barthel, Bernhard Haller, Katerina Hnatkova, Katharina Maria Huster, Alexander Steger, Alexander Müller, Marek Malik, Georg Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Mortality rates in females who survived acute myocardial infarction (AMI) exceed those in males. Differences between sexes in age, cardiovascular risk factors and revascularization therapy have been proposed as possible reasons. OBJECTIVE: To select sets of female and male patients comparable in respect of relevant risk factors in order to compare the sex-specific risk in a systematic manner. METHODS: Data of the ISAR-RISK and ART studies were investigated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053717/gpr40-partial-agonists-and-agopams-differentiating-effects-on-glucose-and-hormonal-secretions-in-the-rodent
#3
Michele J Pachanski, Melissa E Kirkland, Daniel T Kosinski, Joel Mane, Boonlert Cheewatrakoolpong, Jiyan Xue, Daphne Szeto, Gail Forrest, Corin Miller, Michelle Bunzel, Christopher W Plummer, Harry R Chobanian, Michael W Miller, Sarah Souza, Brande S Thomas-Fowlkes, Aimie M Ogawa, Adam B Weinglass, Jerry Di Salvo, Xiaoyan Li, Yue Feng, Daniel A Tatosian, Andrew D Howard, Steven L Colletti, Maria E Trujillo
GPR40 agonists are effective antidiabetic agents believed to lower glucose through direct effects on the beta cell to increase glucose stimulated insulin secretion. However, not all GPR40 agonists are the same. Partial agonists lower glucose through direct effects on the pancreas, whereas GPR40 AgoPAMs may incorporate additional therapeutic effects through increases in insulinotrophic incretins secreted by the gut. Here we describe how GPR40 AgoPAMs stimulate both insulin and incretin secretion in vivo over time in diabetic GK rats...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053707/high-glucose-augments-angiotensinogen-in-human-renal-proximal-tubular-cells-through-hepatocyte-nuclear-factor-5
#4
Juan Wang, Yuki Shibayama, Hiroyuki Kobori, Ya Liu, Hideki Kobara, Tsutomu Masaki, Zhiyu Wang, Akira Nishiyama
High glucose has been demonstrated to induce angiotensinogen (AGT) synthesis in the renal proximal tubular cells (RPTCs) of rats, which may further activate the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and contribute to diabetic nephropathy. This study aimed to investigate the effects of high glucose on AGT in the RPTCs of human origin and identify the glucose-responsive transcriptional factor(s) that bind(s) to the DNA sequences of AGT promoter in human RPTCs. Human kidney (HK)-2 cells were treated with normal glucose (5...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053478/%C3%AE-lipoic-acid-as-adjunctive-treatment-for-schizophrenia-an-open-label-trial
#5
Lia Lira Olivier Sanders, Carlos Eduardo de Souza Menezes, Adriano José Maia Chaves Filho, Glautemberg de Almeida Viana, Francisco Vagnaldo Fechine, Maria Goretti Rodrigues de Queiroz, Said Gonçalvez da Cruz Fonseca, Silvânia Maria Mendes Vasconcelos, Maria Elisabete Amaral de Moraes, Clarissa S Gama, Sheila Seybolt, Eugênio de Moura Campos, Danielle Macêdo, David Freitas de Lucena
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests an involvement of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. This offers a hypothesis-derived therapeutic approach to hinder oxidative damage and its clinical sequelae. α-Lipoic acid (ALA) is a powerful natural antioxidant indicated to treat diabetic neuropathy. METHODS/PROCEDURES: In this pilot investigation, we administered ALA (100 mg/d) for 4 months, as an adjunct to antipsychotic medication, to 10 patients with schizophrenia...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053425/association-of-mannose-binding-lectin-rs1800450-and-tumor-necrotic-factor-%C3%AE-rs1800620-polymorphism-with-helicobacter-pylori-in-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Elnaz Mortazavi, Behnaz Eslami, Parisa Aghahosseini, Fatemeh Ahron, Armagan Amininejad, Sepideh Mahmoodi, Hadis Satarpour, Nilofar Radmanesh, Hossein Rassi
Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the prevalent type of diabetes, including 90% of the cases world-wide. Helicobacter pylori plays a pathogenic role in the development of T2DM. The host genetic factors have a significant impact on the clinical outcome and anatomical distribution of H. pylori infection and polymorphisms in several genes such as tumor necrotic factor (TNF)-α and mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and are considered to increase the risk for the development of T2DM. In this study, we investigate the prevalence rate of H...
October 2017: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053215/the-identification-of-barriers-to-insulin-therapy-and-approaches-for-overcoming-them
#7
REVIEW
D Russell-Jones, F Pouwer, K Khunti
Poor glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a global problem despite the availability of numerous glucose-lowering therapies and clear guidelines for T2D management. Tackling clinical or therapeutic inertia, where the person with diabetes and/or their healthcare providers do not intensify treatment regimens despite this being appropriate, is key to improving patients' long-term outcomes. This gap between best practice and current level of care is most pronounced when considering insulin regimens, with studies showing that insulin initiation/intensification is frequently and inappropriately delayed for several years...
October 20, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053004/effect-of-inositol-and-its-derivatives-on-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#8
Ayçıl Özturan, Sabriye Arslan, Betül Kocaadam, Emine Elibol, İdil İmamoğlu, Makbule Gezmen Karadağ
A growing body of research has investigated the association between inositol and diabetes. The purpose of this review is to report through a systematic way the current scientific evidence relating potential benefits of inositol isomers on diabetes/gestational diabetes. The screening of the studies published last decade was performed in 4 databases (Pubmed-Web of Science-The Cochrane Library-Lilacs). Among the 1640 studies identified in the search, only 26 studies had sufficient data to be included in the systematic review...
October 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052956/meta-analysis-of-full-roc-curves-using-bivariate-time-to-event-models-for-interval-censored-data
#9
Annika Hoyer, Stefan Hirt, Oliver Kuss
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are the cornerstones of evidence based medicine and inform treatment, diagnosis, or prevention of individual patients as well as policy decisions in health care. Statistical methods for the meta-analysis of intervention studies are well established today. Meta-analysis for diagnostic accuracy trials has also been a vivid research area in recent years which is especially due to the increased complexity of their bivariate outcome of sensitivity and specificity. The situation is even more challenging when single studies report a full ROC curve with several pairs of sensitivity and specificity, each pair for a different threshold...
October 20, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052905/metabolic-changes-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-during-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Koji Mitsuzuka, Yoichi Arai
Androgen deprivation therapy continues to be widely used for the treatment of prostate cancer despite the appearance of new-generation androgen-receptor targeting drugs after 2000. Androgen deprivation therapy can alleviate symptoms in patients with metastatic prostate cancer and might have a survival benefit in some patients, but it causes undesirable changes in lipid, glucose, muscle or bone metabolism. These metabolic changes could lead to new onset or worsening of diseases, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, sarcopenia or fracture...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052845/the-advanced-glycation-end-product-n-%C3%AF%C2%B5-carboxymethyllysine-and-its-precursor-glyoxal-increase-serotonin-release-from-caco-2-cells
#11
Ann-Katrin Holik, Barbara Lieder, Nicole Kretschy, Mark M Somoza, Jakob P Ley, Joachim Hans, Veronika Somoza
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs), comprising a highly diverse class of Maillard reaction compounds formed in vivo and during heating processes of foods, have been described in the progression of several degenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease and diabetes mellitus. N(ϵ) -Carboxymethyllysine (CML) represents a well-characterized AGE, which is frequently encountered in a Western diet and is known to mediate its cellular effects through binding to the receptor for AGEs (RAGE). Since very little is known about the impact of exogenous CML and its precursor, glyoxal, on intestinal cells, a genome-wide screening using a customized microarray was conducted in fully differentiated Caco-2 cells...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052766/decreased-diabetes-risk-over-9%C3%A2-year-after-18-month-oral-l-arginine-treatment-in-middle-aged-subjects-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance-and-metabolic-syndrome-extension-evaluation-of-l-arginine-study
#12
Lucilla D Monti, Elena Galluccio, Valentina Villa, Barbara Fontana, Serena Spadoni, Pier Marco Piatti
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine whether L-arginine supplementation lasting for 18 months maintained long-lasting effects on diabetes incidence, insulin secretion and sensitivity, oxidative stress, and endothelial function during 108 months among subjects at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. METHODS: One hundred and forty-four middle-aged subjects with impaired glucose tolerance and metabolic syndrome were randomized in 2006 to an L-arginine supplementation (6...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052608/a-novel-and-faster-method-of-manual-grading-to-measure-choroidal-thickness-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#13
K X Cheong, L W Lim, K Z Li, C S Tan
PurposeChoroidal thickness (CT) measurements are typically obtained from manual segmentation of optical coherence tomography (OCT) B-scans. This method is time-consuming. We aimed to describe a novel and faster technique to obtain CT measurements.Patients and methodsIn a prospective cohort study of 200 healthy eyes, Spectral-Domain OCT with enhanced depth imaging were performed with the Spectralis OCT using standardised imaging protocols. The OCT scans were independently graded by reading centre-certified graders...
October 20, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052181/probiotic-strains-and-mechanistic-insights-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#14
REVIEW
Christiane S Hampe, Christian L Roth
INTRODUCTION: The intestinal microbial composition appears to differ between healthy controls and individuals with Type 2 diabetes (T2D). This observation has led to the hypothesis that perturbations of the intestinal microbiota may contribute to the development of T2D. Manipulations of the intestinal microbiota may therefore provide a novel approach in the prevention and treatment of T2D. Indeed, fecal transplants have shown promising results in both animal models for obesity and T2D and in human clinical trials...
October 19, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052123/successful-chemotherapy-with-modified-folfirinox-for-pancreatic-acinar-cell-carcinoma
#15
Minami Hashimoto, Takuto Hikichi, Tomohiro Suzuki, Mayumi Tai, Osamu Ichii, Nobuo Matsuhashi, Eisaku Kita, Shintaro Takahashi, Yoshinori Okubo, Hando Hakozaki, Yutaka Ejiri, Hiromasa Ohira
Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a pancreatic mass in a 67-year-old man with diabetes mellitus. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration led to the histological diagnosis of acinar cell carcinoma. The clinical stage was determined to be IVb based on findings of multiple metastatic lesions in the liver and lymph nodes, as well as splenic vein infiltration. Because the patient was not a surgical candidate, he underwent chemotherapy with modified FOLFIRINOX. In the absence of any severe adverse events, 12 courses of chemotherapy were delivered, resulting in marked shrinkage of both the primary and metastatic lesions...
October 19, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052001/quail-coturnix-japonica-egg-yolk-bioactive-components-attenuate-streptozotocin-induced-testicular-damage-and-oxidative-stress-in-diabetic-rats
#16
Gideon Oludare Oladipo, Chidinma Martha Nlekerem, Emmanuel Oluwafemi Ibukun, Ayodele Oluseyi Kolawole
INTRODUCTION: The testicular milieu is the machinery for the metabolism of testosterone in the male reproductive system. PURPOSE: The dysfunction of this highly regenerating system is inevitable in the condition of glucose imbalance as a result of insulin machinery impairment. Therefore, it is imperative to recommend dietary intervention for attenuating the testicular dysfunction and oxidative stress resulting from STZ-induction of diabetes. METHODS: STZ-induced diabetes (65 mg/kg, ip) was treated with QEYEM (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg/day) and quercetin (50 mg/kg/day) for 7weeks...
October 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051963/applications-of-particulate-oxygen-generating-substances-pogs-in-the-bioartificial-pancreas
#17
John P McQuilling, Sivanandane Sittadjody, Samuel Pendergraft, Alan C Farney, Emmanuel C Opara
Type-1 Diabetes (T1D) is a devastating autoimmune disorder which results in the destruction of beta cells within the pancreas. A promising treatment strategy for T1D is the replacement of the lost beta cell mass through implantation of immune-isolated microencapsulated islets referred to as the bioartificial pancreas. The goal of this approach is to restore blood glucose regulation and prevent the long-term comorbidities of T1D without the need for immunosuppressants. A major requirement in the quest to achieve this goal is to address the oxygen needs of islet cells...
October 20, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051825/continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-neonates-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Christopher J D McKinlay, J Geoffrey Chase, Jennifer Dickson, Deborah L Harris, Jane M Alsweiler, Jane E Harding
Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is well established in the management of diabetes mellitus, but its role in neonatal glycaemic control is less clear. CGM has provided important insights about neonatal glucose metabolism, and there is increasing interest in its clinical use, particularly in preterm neonates and in those in whom glucose control is difficult. Neonatal glucose instability, including hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia, has been associated with poorer neurodevelopment, and CGM offers the possibility of adjusting treatment in real time to account for individual metabolic requirements while reducing the number of blood tests required, potentially improving long-term outcomes...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051733/system-pharmacology-based-dissection-of-the-synergistic-mechanism-of-huangqi-and-huanglian-for-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Shi-Jun Yue, Juan Liu, Wu-Wen Feng, Fei-Long Zhang, Jian-Xin Chen, Lan-Ting Xin, Cheng Peng, Hua-Shi Guan, Chang-Yun Wang, Dan Yan
The rapidly increasing diabetes mellitus (DM) is becoming a major global public health issue. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history of the treatment of DM with good efficacy. Huangqi and Huanglian are one of the most frequently prescribed herbs for DM, and the combination of them occurs frequently in antidiabetic formulae. However, the synergistic mechanism of Huangqi (Radix Astragali) and Huanglian (Rhizoma Coptidis) has not been clearly elucidated. To address this problem, a feasible system pharmacology model based on chemical, pharmacokinetic and pharmacological data was developed via network construction approach to clarify the synergistic mechanisms of these two herbs...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051569/the-additive-effects-of-atorvastatin-and-insulin-on-renal-function-and-renal-organic-anion-transporter-3-function-in-diabetic-rats
#20
Laongdao Thongnak, Anchalee Pongchaidecha, Krit Jaikumkao, Varanuj Chatsudthipong, Nipon Chattipakorn, Anusorn Lungkaphin
Hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress is usually found in diabetic condition. 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme-A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, statins, are widely used as cholesterol-lowering medication with several "pleiotropic" effects in diabetic patients. This study aims to evaluate whether the protective effects of atorvastatin and insulin on renal function and renal organic anion transporter 3 (Oat3) function involve the modulation of oxidative stress and pancreatic function in type 1 diabetic rats...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
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