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Attitude towards diabetes self management

Mirela Frandes, Anca V Deiac, Bogdan Timar, Diana Lungeanu
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, mobile technologies are part of everyday life, but the lack of instruments to assess their acceptability for the management of chronic diseases makes their actual adoption for this purpose slow. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a survey instrument for assessing patients' attitude toward and intention to use mobile technology for diabetes mellitus (DM) self-management, as well as to identify sociodemographic characteristics and quality of life factors that affect them...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
Sharon Parsons, Stephen Luzio, Stephen Bain, John Harvey, Jillian McKenna, Atir Khan, Sam Rice, Alan Watkins, David R Owens
BACKGROUND: The benefit of Self-monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG) in people with non-insulin treated type 2 diabetes remains unclear with inconsistent evidence from randomised controlled trials fuelling the continued debate. Lack of a consistent finding has been attributed to variations in study population and design, including the SMBG intervention. There is a growing consensus that structured SMBG, whereby the person with diabetes and health care provider are educated to detect patterns of glycaemic abnormality and take appropriate action according to the blood glucose profiles, can prove beneficial in terms of lowering HbA1c and improving overall well-being...
January 26, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Asuka Kato, Yuko Fujimaki, Shin Fujimori, Yoshihiko Izumida, Ryo Suzuki, Kohjiro Ueki, Takashi Kadowaki, Hideki Hashimoto
OBJECTIVE: To explore how patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) psychologically and behaviorally respond to internalized stigma through social stigma. METHODS: A qualitative study with semi-structured interviews was recorded on audiotapes, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using a grounded theory approach. Participants were adults aged 30-64 years and diagnosed with T2DM. A total of 26 patients participated. RESULTS: The qualitative data revealed that participants' responses to social stigma, although varied, could be organized into a four-step process: Encountering Negative Experiences, Reevaluating the Self with Type 2 Diabetes, Reconstructing a Sense of Identity, and Maintaining Balance between Patient and Social Roles...
2016: Patient Education and Counseling
D Leguay
This article attempts to identify and put into perspective the different approaches that could globally prevent the suffering induced by schizophrenia, from the detection of early psychosis to the impact on individual and family functioning and emotional health. Schizophrenia causes, at the community level, a number of difficult consequences and associated costs, which likely could be reduced if specific strategies, already known and documented internationally, were applied. Two areas not explored in this article: the role of medication and the issue of suicide prevention...
October 2016: L'Encéphale
Alaa AlMarshedi, Gary Wills, Ashok Ranchhod
BACKGROUND: Self-management of chronic illnesses is an ongoing issue in health care research. Gamification is a concept that arose in the field of computer science and has been borrowed by many other disciplines. It is perceived by many that gamification can improve the self-management experience of people with chronic illnesses. This paper discusses the validation of a framework (called The Wheel of Sukr) that was introduced to achieve this goal. OBJECTIVE: This research aims to (1) discuss a gamification framework targeting the self-management of chronic illnesses and (2) validate the framework by diabetic patients, medical professionals, and game experts...
September 9, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
Anneke van Dijk-de Vries, Marloes A van Bokhoven, Sabine de Jong, Job F M Metsemakers, Peter F M Verhaak, Trudy van der Weijden, Jacques Th M van Eijk
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus face several emotional and social consequences of their chronic illness in their everyday life. Symptoms of distress and depression are prevalent. For providing psychosocial self-management support, nurses in primary care were trained to identify patients with psychosocial problems during routine medically-shaped diabetes consultations. However, detection rates appeared to be strikingly low. OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to examine patients' readiness to discuss psychosocial problems with nurses during diabetes consultations...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Shima Ghannadi, Atieh Amouzegar, Parisa Amiri, Ronak Karbalaeifar, Zhale Tahmasebinejad, Sara Kazempour-Ardebili
Background. Type 2 diabetes is an increasingly common condition with several preventable microvascular complications such as kidney damage. Nephropathy is expensive to manage, especially as hospital dialysis treatment. Improving patients' knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) toward their condition can achieve better control, delay complications, and improve their quality of life. This study evaluated the KAP and self-care behaviors of diabetic patients on dialysis and variables that affect it. Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted at Shahid Beheshti academic hospitals of Tehran, Iran...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Peyman Azad Khaneghah, Antonio Miguel-Cruz, Pamela Bentley, Lili Liu, Eleni Stroulia, Martin Ferguson-Pell
BACKGROUND: Prevention and management of chronic conditions is a priority for many healthcare systems. Personal health records have been suggested to facilitate implementation of chronic care programs. However, patients' attitude towards personal health records (PHRs) can significantly affect the adoption rates and use of PHRs. OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the attitude of patients with Type II diabetes towards using a PHR to manage their condition. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional exploratory pilot study...
2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
Ibrahim Suliman Al-Aboudi, Mohammed Azmi Hassali, Asrul Akmal Shafie
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between knowledge and attitude with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken with a cohort of 75 patients attending the University Diabetic Center at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The EuroQoL-five-dimensional (EQ-5D) scale was used to assess HRQoL...
July 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Jun Wang, Xiamin Hu, Juan Liu, Lei Li
The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitudes towards physician-pharmacist collaboration among pharmacy students in order to develop an interprofessional education (IPE) opportunity through integrating cooperative learning (CL) into a team-based student-supported community service event. The study also aimed to assess the change in students' attitudes towards interprofessional collaboration after participation in the event. A bilingual version of the Scale of Attitudes Toward Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration (SATP(2)C) in English and Chinese was completed by pharmacy students enrolled in Wuhan University of Science and Technology, China...
September 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Md Shajedur Rahman Shawon, Fariha Binte Hossain, Gourab Adhikary, Rajat Das Gupta, Mohammad Rashidul Hashan, Md Fazla Rabbi, G U Ahsan
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has been suffering from an epidemiological transition from infectious and maternal diseases to non-communicable lifestyle-related diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancers etc. The burden of diabetes has been increasing rapidly due to high incidence as well as poor glycemic control leading to various macro and micro-vascular complications. In this study, we aim to assess the attitude towards diabetes and social and family support among the Bangladeshi type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) patients...
May 26, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Benjamin K P Woo, Pratik Mehta
AIM: One of the major barriers in making a diagnosis and managing dementia in the Chinese American population is the stigma surrounding the disease. The goal of the present study was to examine differences in the stigma and perceptions of dementia and diabetes among Chinese Americans. METHODS: A total of 449 Chinese Americans answered one survey with two self-administered, true/false questionnaires assessing stigma and perceptions toward dementia and diabetes. Higher total scores were associated with increased stigma and negative perceptions...
May 2, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Naoe Tatara, Marte Karoline Råberg Kjøllesdal, Jelena Mirkovic, Hege Kristin Andreassen
BACKGROUND: A variety of eHealth services are available and commonly used by the general public. eHealth has the potential to engage and empower people with managing their health. The prerequisite is, however, that eHealth services are adapted to the sociocultural heterogeneity of the user base and are available in a language and with contents that fit the users' preference, skills, and abilities. Pakistani immigrants in the Oslo area, Norway, have a much higher risk of Type-2 diabetes (T2D) than their Norwegian counterparts do...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Carukshi Arambepola, Ignacio Ricci-Cabello, Pavithra Manikavasagam, Nia Roberts, David P French, Andrew Farmer
BACKGROUND: Brief automated messages have the potential to support self-management in people with type 2 diabetes, but their effect compared with usual care is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of interventions to change lifestyle behavior delivered via automated brief messaging in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A systematic literature review of controlled trials examined the impact of interventions, delivered by brief messaging, and intended to promote lifestyle change in people with type 2 diabetes, on behavioral and clinical outcomes...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Naaman V Mehta, Mayur Trivedi, Luis E Maldonado, Deepak Saxena, Debbie L Humphries
INTRODUCTION: Type II diabetes has risen dramatically among rural women in India, specifically in the states of Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh. Recent studies suggest that rural Indian women's low level of self-efficacy, or confidence in their ability to carry out tasks, such as managing diabetes, is a key reason for this increase. Therefore, this study utilizes the Health Belief Model to analyze whether increased awareness of diabetes leads to a positive increase in levels of self-efficacy among diabetic women in two rural villages of Gujarat...
January 2016: Rural and Remote Health
Fatima B Jeragh-Alhaddad, Mohammad Waheedi, Nick D Barber, Tina Penick Brock
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to medications among Kuwaitis with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is believed to be a major barrier to appropriate management of the disease. Published studies of barriers to medication adherence in T2DM suggest a Western bias, which may not adequately describe the Kuwaiti experience. AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore barriers to medication adherence among Kuwaiti adults with T2DM. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 Kuwaiti patients with type 2 diabetes...
2015: Patient Preference and Adherence
Peter Tamony, Richard Holt, Katharine Barnard
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) is an expanding field which includes the use of social media and mobile applications (apps). Apps are used in diabetes self-management but it is unclear whether these are being used to support safe drinking of alcohol by people with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Alcohol health literacy is poor among young adults with T1DM despite specific associated risks. METHODS: Systematic literature review followed by critical appraisal of commercially available apps...
November 2015: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Margaret W Bultas, Ashley D Schmuke, Vicki Moran, John Taylor
OBJECTIVE: There are approximately 18,400 youth who are newly diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in the United States each year. Because of the potential for hypoglycemia, frequent need to monitor blood glucose, and other medical care associated with T1DM, children may not be able to participate in the typical summer camp experience. The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the impact of camp on the child's attitude toward their illness, (2) to evaluate the child's confidence in self-care management of their diabetes, (3) to assess the child's perception and satisfaction with the camp experience, and (4) to evaluate the perception of camp experience by the parents...
July 2016: Public Health Nursing
Elham Shakibazadeh, Leona Kay Bartholomew, Arash Rashidian, Bagher Larijani
Despite increasing rate of diabetes, no standard self-management education protocol has been developed in Iran. We designed Persian Diabetes Self-Management Education (PDSME) program using intervention mapping. Effectiveness of program was assessed in newly diagnosed people with type 2 diabetes and those who had received little self-management education. Individuals aged 18 and older (n = 350) were recruited in this prospective controlled trial during 2009-2011 in Tehran, Iran. Patients were excluded if they were pregnant, were housebound or had reduced cognitive ability...
September 2016: Health Promotion International
Kathleen G Dobson, Peter Hall
Approximately half of individuals living with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have suboptimal self-management, which could be improved by using assistive technologies in self-management regimes. This study examines patient attitudes and intentions to adopt assistive technologies into T2DM self-management. Forty-four participants (M = 58.7 years) with T2DM were recruited from diabetes education classes in the southwestern Ontario, Canada, between February and April 2014. Participants completed a self-reported in-person survey assessing demographic characteristics, current diabetes management, and attitudes toward using assistive technologies in their diabetes self-management...
March 2015: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
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