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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926556/corrigendum-parallel-evolution-of-non-homologous-isofunctional-enzymes-in-methionine-biosynthesis
#1
Karine Bastard, Alain Perret, Aline Mariage, Thomas Bessonnet, Agnès Pinet-Turpault, Jean-Louis Petit, Ekaterina Darii, Pascal Bazire, Carine Vergne-Vaxelaire, Clémence Brewee, Adrien Debard, Virginie Pellouin, Marielle Besnard-Gonnet, François Artiguenave, Claudine Médigue, David Vallenet, Antoine Danchin, Anne Zaparucha, Jean Weissenbach, Marcel Salanoubat, Véronique de Berardinis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923156/functional-constructivism-in-search-of-formal-descriptors
#2
Irina Trofimova
The Functional Constructivism (FC) paradigm is an alternative to behaviorism and considers behavior as being generated every time anew, based on an individual's capacities, environmental resources and demands. Walter Freeman's work provided us with evidence supporting the FC principles. In this paper we make parallels between gradual construction processes leading to the formation of individual behavior and habits, and evolutionary processes leading to the establishment of biological systems. Referencing evolutionary theory, several formal descriptors of such processes are proposed...
October 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922570/catalyst-stability-benchmarking-for-the-oxygen-evolution-reaction-the-importance-of-backing-electrode-material-and-dissolution-in-accelerated-aging-studies
#3
Simon Geiger, Olga Kasian, Andrea M Mingers, Shannon S Nicley, Ken Haenen, Karl J J Mayrhofer, Serhiy Cherevko
In searching for alternative oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts for acidic water splitting, fast screening of materials intrinsic activity and stability in half-cell tests is of vital importance. It significantly accelerates the discovery of new promising materials without the need of time-consuming real cell analysis. In commonly employed tests, a conclusion on the catalyst stability is drawn solely on the basis of pure electrochemical information, e.g. by evaluating potential vs. time profiles. In this work we demonstrate important limitations of such approaches, which are related to the degradation of the backing electrode material...
September 18, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921530/sympatric-parallel-diversification-of-major-oak-clades-in-the-americas-and-the-origins-of-mexican-species-diversity
#4
Andrew L Hipp, Paul S Manos, Antonio González-Rodríguez, Marlene Hahn, Matthew Kaproth, John D McVay, Susana Valencia Avalos, Jeannine Cavender-Bares
Oaks (Quercus, Fagaceae) are the dominant tree genus of North America in species number and biomass, and Mexico is a global center of oak diversity. Understanding the origins of oak diversity is key to understanding biodiversity of northern temperate forests. A phylogenetic study of biogeography, niche evolution and diversification patterns in Quercus was performed using 300 samples, 146 species. Next-generation sequencing data were generated using the restriction-site associated DNA (RAD-seq) method. A time-calibrated maximum likelihood phylogeny was inferred and analyzed with bioclimatic, soils, and leaf habit data to reconstruct the biogeographic and evolutionary history of the American oaks...
September 18, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911083/multiregion-whole-exome-sequencing-of-matched-primary-and-metastatic-tumors-revealed-genomic-heterogeneity-and-suggested-polyclonal-seeding-in-colorectal-cancer-metastasis
#5
Q Wei, Z Ye, X Zhong, L Li, C Wang, R E Myers, J P Palazzo, D Fortuna, A Yan, S A Waldman, X Chen, J A Posey, A Basu-Mallick, B H Jiang, L Hou, J Shu, Y Sun, J Xing, B Li, H Yang
Background: Distant metastasis accounts for 90% of deaths from colorectal cancer (CRC). Genomic heterogeneity has been reported in various solid malignancies, but remains largely under-explored in metastatic CRC tumors, especially in primary to metastatic tumor evolution. Patients and methods: We conducted high-depth whole-exome sequencing in multiple regions of matched primary and metastatic CRC tumors. Using a total of 28 tumor, normal, and lymph node tissues, we analyzed inter- and intra-individual heterogeneity, inferred the tumor subclonal architectures, and depicted the subclonal evolutionary routes from primary to metastatic tumors...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910985/yeast-bacteria-competition-induced-new-metabolic-traits-through-large-scale-genomic-rearrangements-in-lachancea-kluyveri
#6
Nerve Zhou, Samuele Bottagisi, Michael Katz, Joseph Schacherer, Anne Friedrich, Zoran Gojkovic, Krishna B S Swamy, Wolfgang Knecht, Concetta Compagno, Jure Piškur
Large-scale chromosomal rearrangements are an important source of evolutionary novelty that may have reshaped the genomes of existing yeast species. They dramatically alter genome organization and gene expression fueling a phenotypic leap in response to environmental constraints. Although the emergence of such signatures of genetic diversity is thought to be associated with human exploitation of yeasts, less is known about the driving forces operating in natural habitats. Here we hypothesize that an ecological battlefield characteristic of every autumn when fruits ripen accounts for the genomic innovations in natural populations...
September 1, 2017: FEMS Yeast Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904998/parallel-evolution-of-group-b-streptococcus-hypervirulent-clonal-complex-17-unveils-new-pathoadaptive-mutations
#7
Alexandre Almeida, Isabelle Rosinski-Chupin, Céline Plainvert, Pierre-Emmanuel Douarre, Maria J Borrego, Claire Poyart, Philippe Glaser
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a commensal of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, while a prevailing cause of neonatal disease worldwide. Of the various clonal complexes (CCs), CC17 is overrepresented in GBS-infected newborns for reasons that are still largely unknown. Here, we report a comprehensive genomic analysis of 626 CC17 isolates collected worldwide, identifying the genetic traits behind their successful adaptation to humans and the underlying differences between carriage and clinical strains...
September 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903376/improving-circulating-tumor-cells-enumeration-and-characterization-to-predict-outcome-in-first-line-chemotherapy-mcrpc-patients
#8
Luis León-Mateos, Helena Casas, Alicia Abalo, María Vieito, Manuel Abreu, Urbano Anido, Antonio Gómez-Tato, Rafael López, Miguel Abal, Laura Muinelo-Romay
INTRODUCTION: There is a critical need of new surrogate markers for improving the therapeutic selection and monitoring of metastatic prostate cancer patients. Nowadays clinical management of these patients is been driven by biochemical and clinical parameters without enough accuracy to allow a real personalized medicine. The present study was conducted to go insight the molecular profile of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) isolated from advanced metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) with the aim of identifying prognostic marker with potential utility for therapy selection and monitoring...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886708/cancer-heterogeneity-converting-a-limitation-into-a-source-of-biologic-information
#9
REVIEW
Albert Rübben, Arturo Araujo
Analysis of spatial and temporal genetic heterogeneity in human cancers has revealed that somatic cancer evolution in most cancers is not a simple linear process composed of a few sequential steps of mutation acquisitions and clonal expansions. Parallel evolution has been observed in many early human cancers resulting in genetic heterogeneity as well as multilineage progression. Moreover, aneuploidy as well as structural chromosomal aberrations seems to be acquired in a non-linear, punctuated mode where most aberrations occur at early stages of somatic cancer evolution...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883409/revised-version-of-the-cenozoic-collision-along-the-zagros-orogen-insights-from-cr-spinel-and-sandstone-modal-analyses
#10
Parisa Gholami Zadeh, Mohammad Hossein Adabi, Ken-Ichiro Hisada, Mahboubeh Hosseini-Barzi, Abbas Sadeghi, Mohammad Reza Ghassemi
Geoscientists have always considered the Neyriz region, located along the Zagros Suture Zone, an important area of interest because of the outcrops of Neotethys ophiolitic rocks. We carried out a modal analysis of the Cenozoic sandstones and geochemistry of the detrital Cr-spinels at Neyriz region in order to determine their provenance and tectonic evolution in the proximal part of Zagros Basin. Our data shows a clear change in provenance from the Late Cretaceous onwards. As from the Late Cretaceous to Eocene, lithic grains are mostly chert and serpentinite; and higher Cr# values of the detrital Cr-spinel compositions indicate that they originate from the fore-arc peridotites and deposited in an accretionary prism setting during this period...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881442/many-to-one-form-to-function-mapping-weakens-parallel-morphological-evolution
#11
Cole J Thompson, Newaz I Ahmed, Thor Veen, Catherine L Peichel, Andrew P Hendry, Daniel I Bolnick, Yoel E Stuart
Evolutionary ecologists aim to explain and predict evolutionary change under different selective regimes. Theory suggests that such evolutionary prediction should be more difficult for biomechanical systems in which different trait combinations generate the same functional output: "many-to-one mapping". Many-to-one mapping of phenotype to function enables multiple morphological solutions to meet the same adaptive challenges. Therefore, many-to-one mapping should undermine parallel morphological evolution, and hence evolutionary predictability, even when selection pressures are shared among populations...
September 7, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876980/the-genetics-of-plant-metabolism
#12
Alisdair R Fernie, Takayuki Tohge
Plant metabolic studies have traditionally focused on the role and regulation of the enzymes catalyzing key reactions within specific pathways. Within the past 20 years, reverse genetic approaches have allowed direct determination of the effects of the deficiency, or surplus, of a given protein on the biochemistry of a plant. In parallel, top-down approaches have also been taken, which rely on screening broad, natural genetic diversity for metabolic diversity. Here, we compare and contrast the various strategies that have been adopted to enhance our understanding of the natural diversity of metabolism...
September 6, 2017: Annual Review of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871552/lessons-from-a-tarantula-new-insights-into-myosin-interacting-heads-motif-evolution-and-its-implications-on-disease
#13
REVIEW
Lorenzo Alamo, Antonio Pinto, Guidenn Sulbarán, Jesús Mavárez, Raúl Padrón
Tarantula's leg muscle thick filament is the ideal model for the study of the structure and function of skeletal muscle thick filaments. Its analysis has given rise to a series of structural and functional studies, leading, among other things, to the discovery of the myosin interacting-heads motif (IHM). Further electron microscopy (EM) studies have shown the presence of IHM in frozen-hydrated and negatively stained thick filaments of striated, cardiac, and smooth muscle of bilaterians, most showing the IHM parallel to the filament axis...
September 4, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863689/32-channel-time-correlated-single-photon-counting-system-for-high-throughput-lifetime-imaging
#14
P Peronio, I Labanca, G Acconcia, A Ruggeri, A A Lavdas, A A Hicks, P P Pramstaller, M Ghioni, I Rech
Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting (TCSPC) is a very efficient technique for measuring weak and fast optical signals, but it is mainly limited by the relatively "long" measurement time. Multichannel systems have been developed in recent years aiming to overcome this limitation by managing several detectors or TCSPC devices in parallel. Nevertheless, if we look at state-of-the-art systems, there is still a strong trade-off between the parallelism level and performance: the higher the number of channels, the poorer the performance...
August 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861879/comparative-analysis-of-the-nervous-system-structure-of-polymorphic-zooids-in-marine-bryozoans
#15
K M Serova, A E Vishnyakov, O V Zaitseva, O N Kotenko, A N Ostrovsky
The nervous system structure was compared for the first time in avicularia and vibracula in seven species of the cheilostome bryozoans from six families by immunohistochemical methods and confocal scanning microscopy. Regardless of significant differences in heterozooid shape, size, and position in a colony, their muscular and nervous systems have a common structure, which suggests their parallel evolution.
July 2017: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860659/insect-bacteria-parallel-evolution-in-multiple-co-obligate-aphid-association-a-case-in-lachninae-hemiptera-aphididae
#16
Rui Chen, Zhe Wang, Jing Chen, Li-Yun Jiang, Ge-Xia Qiao
Parallel phylogenies between aphid and its obligate symbiont Buchnera are hot topics which always focused on aphid lower taxonomic levels. Symbionts in the subfamily Lachninae are special. Buchnera in many lachnine species has undergone functional and genome size reduction that was replaced by other co-obligate symbionts. In this study, we constructed the phylogenetic relationships of Lachninae with a combined dataset of five genes sequenced from Buchnera to estimate the effects of a dual symbiotic system in the aphid-Buchnera cospeciation association...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858678/integrated-hierarchical-geo-environmental-survey-strategy-applied-to-the-detection-and-investigation-of-an-illegal-landfill-a-case-study-in-the-campania-region-southern-italy
#17
Vincenzo Di Fiore, Giuseppe Cavuoto, Michele Punzo, Daniela Tarallo, Marco Casazza, Silvio Marco Guarriello, Massimiliano Lega
This paper describes an approach to detect and investigate the main characteristics of a solid waste landfill through the integration of geological, geographical and geophysical methods. In particular, a multi-temporal analysis of the landfill morphological evolution was carried out using aerial and satellite photos, since there were no geological and geophysical data referring to the study area. Subsequently, a surface geophysical prospection was performed through geoelectric and geomagnetic methods. In particular, the combination of electrical resistivity, induced polarization and magnetic measurements removed some of the uncertainties, generally associated with a separate utilization of these techniques...
August 24, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857675/plant-herbivore-interactions-a-case-of-an-extreme-generalist-the-two-spotted-spider-mite-tetranychus-urticae
#18
Cristina Rioja, Vladimir Zhurov, Kristie Bruinsma, Miodrag Grbic, Vojislava Grbic
Plant-herbivore interactions evolved over long periods of time resulting in an elaborate arms race between interacting species. While specialist herbivores evolved specific strategies to cope with the defenses of a limited number of hosts, our understanding of how generalist herbivores deal with the defenses of a plethora of diverse host plants is largely unknown. Understanding the interaction between a plant host and a generalist herbivore requires an understanding of the plant's mechanisms aimed at defending itself and the herbivore's mechanisms intended to counteract diverse defenses...
August 31, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854884/a-multi-center-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-optimization-of-drug-prescribing-in-an-elderly-population-at-18%C3%A2-months-of-follow-up-in-the-evolution-of-functional-autonomy-the-optim-study-protocol
#19
Virginie Dauphinot, Elodie Jean-Bart, Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Christelle Mouchoux
BACKGROUND: Pharmacotherapy is necessary for the management of many diseases which number increased with aging. However, potentially inappropriate prescriptions and polymedication increases iatrogenic risks and can lead to adverse events. To limit the consequences of potentially harmful prescriptions, optimization of drug prescribing is a major stake of improving quality and safety of care in the elderly. The purpose of the OPTIM study is to study the impact of the optimization of drug prescribing on the evolution of functional autonomy at 18 months of follow-up...
August 30, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854688/the-evolutionary-dynamics-of-the-odorant-receptor-gene-family-in-corbiculate-bees
#20
Philipp Brand, Santiago R Ramírez
Insects rely on chemical information to locate food, choose mates, and detect potential predators. It has been hypothesized that adaptive changes in the olfactory system facilitated the diversification of numerous insect lineages. For instance, evolutionary changes of Odorant Receptor (OR) genes often occur in parallel with modifications in life history strategies. Corbiculate bees display a diverse array of behaviors that are controlled through olfaction, including varying degrees of social organization, and manifold associations with floral resources...
August 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
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