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Joseph murray

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913916/development-of-international-terminology-and-definitions-for-texture-modified-foods-and-thickened-fluids-used-in-dysphagia-management-the-iddsi-framework
#1
Julie A Y Cichero, Peter Lam, Catriona M Steele, Ben Hanson, Jianshe Chen, Roberto O Dantas, Janice Duivestein, Jun Kayashita, Caroline Lecko, Joseph Murray, Mershen Pillay, Luis Riquelme, Soenke Stanschus
Dysphagia is estimated to affect ~8% of the world's population (~590 million people). Texture-modified foods and thickened drinks are commonly used to reduce the risks of choking and aspiration. The International Dysphagia Diet Standardisation Initiative (IDDSI) was founded with the goal of developing globally standardized terminology and definitions for texture-modified foods and liquids applicable to individuals with dysphagia of all ages, in all care settings, and all cultures. A multi-professional volunteer committee developed a dysphagia diet framework through systematic review and stakeholder consultation...
December 2, 2016: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903651/t-cells-encountering-myeloid-cells-programmed-for-amino-acid-dependent-immunosuppression-use-rictor-mtorc2-for-proliferative-checkpoint-decisions
#2
Lee-Ann Van de Velde, Chitra Subramanian, Amber M Smith, Luke Barron, Joseph E Qualls, Geoffrey Neale, Adolfo Alfonso-Pecchio, Suzanne Jackowski, Charles O Rock, Thomas A Wynn, Peter J Murray
Modulation of T cell proliferation and function by immunoregulatory myeloid cells is an essential means of preventing self-reactivity and restoring tissue homeostasis. Consumption of amino acids such as arginine and tryptophan by immunoregulatory macrophages is one pathway that suppresses local T cell proliferation. Using a reduced complexity in vitro macrophage: T cell co-culture system, we show that macrophage Arginase-1 (Arg1) is the only factor required by M2 macrophages to block T cells in G1, and this effect is mediated by L-arginine elimination rather than metabolite generation...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889067/an-atypical-withdrawal-syndrome-in-neonates-prenatally-exposed-to-gabapentin-and-opioids
#3
Sean Loudin, Sara Murray, Leesa Prunty, Todd Davies, Joseph Evans, Joseph Werthammer
We report a retrospective case series of 19 infants exposed to both opioids and gabapentin prenatally. We describe a unique behavioral phenotype in 15 of these infants and report a treatment strategy.
November 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864127/no-difference-between-latiglutenase-and-placebo-in-reducing-villous-atrophy-or-improving-symptoms-in-patients-with-symptomatic-celiac-disease
#4
Joseph A Murray, Ciarán P Kelly, Peter H R Green, Annette Marcantonio, Tsung-Teh Wu, Markku Mäki, Daniel C Adelman
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gluten ingestion leads to symptoms and small intestinal mucosal injury in patients with celiac disease. The only option is the strict lifelong exclusion of dietary gluten, which is difficult to accomplish. Many patients following a gluten-free diet continue to have symptoms and have small intestinal mucosal injury. Non-dietary therapies are needed. We performed a phase 2 study of the ability of latiglutenase, an orally administered mixture of 2 recombinant gluten-targeting proteases, to reduce mucosal morphometric measures in biopsies from patients with celiac disease...
November 15, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859539/clinicopathologic-heterogeneity-in-ftdp-17-due-to-mapt-p-p301l-mutation-including-a-patient-with-globular-glial-tauopathy
#5
Pawel Tacik, Monica Sanchez-Contreras, Michael DeTure, Melissa E Murray, Rosa Rademakers, Owen A Ross, Zbigniew K Wszolek, Joseph E Parisi, David S Knopman, Ronald C Petersen, Dennis W Dickson
AIM: The p.P301L mutation in microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) is a common cause of frontotemporal dementia and Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). We compare clinicopathologic features of five unrelated and three related (brother, sister and cousin) patients with FTDP-17 due to p.P301L mutation. METHODS: Genealogical, clinical, neuropathologic, and genetic data were reviewed from eight individuals RESULTS: The series consisted of five men and three women with an average age of death of 58 years (52-65 years) and average disease duration of 9 years (3-14 years)...
November 8, 2016: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851180/1544-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-new-admissions-to-a-trauma-center
#6
Tomefa Asempa, Sai Ho Chui, Ashleigh Stronski, Mary Murray, Joseph Kufera, Manjari Joshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820222/celiac-disease-and-risk-of-henoch-schonlein-purpura-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Simon Jarrick, Joseph A Murray, Louise Emilsson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A recent study found a 10-fold increased risk of celiac disease (CD) in individuals with Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP), but the confidence interval (CI) was wide. METHODS: The retrospective cohort study of all patients with CD in Sweden, diagnosed through small intestinal biopsy from 1969 to 2008 (n=29,077). Each individual with CD was matched to up to 5 controls (n=144,433). Data on study participants were linked to diagnostic codes for HSP in the National Patient Registry...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811238/exploring-genetic-suppression-interactions-on-a-global-scale
#8
Jolanda van Leeuwen, Carles Pons, Joseph C Mellor, Takafumi N Yamaguchi, Helena Friesen, John Koschwanez, Mojca Mattiazzi Ušaj, Maria Pechlaner, Mehmet Takar, Matej Ušaj, Benjamin VanderSluis, Kerry Andrusiak, Pritpal Bansal, Anastasia Baryshnikova, Claire E Boone, Jessica Cao, Atina Cote, Marinella Gebbia, Gene Horecka, Ira Horecka, Elena Kuzmin, Nicole Legro, Wendy Liang, Natascha van Lieshout, Margaret McNee, Bryan-Joseph San Luis, Fatemeh Shaeri, Ermira Shuteriqi, Song Sun, Lu Yang, Ji-Young Youn, Michael Yuen, Michael Costanzo, Anne-Claude Gingras, Patrick Aloy, Chris Oostenbrink, Andrew Murray, Todd R Graham, Chad L Myers, Brenda J Andrews, Frederick P Roth, Charles Boone
Genetic suppression occurs when the phenotypic defects caused by a mutation in a particular gene are rescued by a mutation in a second gene. To explore the principles of genetic suppression, we examined both literature-curated and unbiased experimental data, involving systematic genetic mapping and whole-genome sequencing, to generate a large-scale suppression network among yeast genes. Most suppression pairs identified novel relationships among functionally related genes, providing new insights into the functional wiring diagram of the cell...
November 4, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810220/evolving-views-on-bovine-respiratory-disease-an-appraisal-of-selected-key-pathogens-part-1
#9
REVIEW
Gerard M Murray, Rónan G O'Neill, Simon J More, Máire C McElroy, Bernadette Earley, Joseph P Cassidy
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed causes of morbidity and mortality in cattle and interactions of factors associated with the animal, the pathogen and the environment are central to its pathogenesis. Emerging knowledge of a role for pathogens traditionally assumed to be minor players in the pathogenesis of BRD reflects an increasingly complex situation that will necessitate regular reappraisal of BRD pathogenesis and control. This review appraises the role of selected key pathogens implicated in BRD pathogenesis to assess how our understanding of their role has evolved in recent years...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810216/evolving-views-on-bovine-respiratory-disease-an-appraisal-of-selected-control-measures-part-2
#10
REVIEW
Gerard M Murray, Rónan G O'Neill, Simon J More, Máire C McElroy, Bernadette Earley, Joseph P Cassidy
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) control poses significant challenges to the cattle industry worldwide. The sometimes complex interactions of factors associated with the animal, the pathogen and the environment complicate the implementation of effective control measures. Blanket vaccination or mass medication provides inconsistent control and the effective tackling of BRD will require innovative, evidence-based and targeted interventions which, if employed sensibly, offer useful alternatives for addressing this disease...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809801/increased-mortality-among-men-aged-50%C3%A2-years-old-or-above-with-elevated-iga-anti-transglutaminase-antibodies-nhanes-iii
#11
Alberto Rubio-Tapia, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Rok Seon Choung, Tricia L Brantner, S Vincent Rajkumar, Ola Landgren, Joseph A Murray
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies to tissue transglutaminase (tTG) are the serologic test of choice for diagnosing celiac disease (CD). Our aim was to determine if elevated IgA anti-tTG were associated with increased mortality risk. METHODS: Stored serum samples of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III (1988-1992) were available for 6032 individuals aged 50 years old or above, which were screened for IgA anti-tTG, and if positive, for IgA endomysial antibodies...
November 3, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792715/-influence-of-gender-on-the-clinical-presentation-and-associated-diseases-in-adults-with-celiac-disease
#12
Alberto Rubio-Tapia, Claire L Jansson-Knodell, Mussarat W Rahim, Jacalyn A See, Joseph A Murray
INTRODUCTION: Celiac disease is diagnosed predominantly in women. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the influence of gender on (i) age at diagnosis, (ii) clinical manifestations, and (iii) prevalence of associated disorders. METHODS: Clinical data were abstracted from the medical record of adults with biopsy-proven celiac disease. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 385 patients (women, 71%). Women were diagnosed at a younger age (women, 46...
October 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792210/animal-models-to-study-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity
#13
Plaimein Amnuaycheewa, Joseph A Murray, Eric V Marietta
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), sometimes known as non-celiac wheat sensitivity (NCWS), has recently received much attention, both scientific as well as from the alternative medical community. Over the past 5 years, there are over 200 publications on NCGS indexed on PubMed database, the gluten-free market has been growing bigger, and it is clear that the number of consumers who are on a gluten-free diet (GFD) possibly because of a suspicion for NCGS appears to grow even faster. Nevertheless, despite these three rising events, many questions about NCGS remain unresolved...
October 28, 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739527/chimpanzee-females-queue-but-males-compete-for-social-status
#14
Steffen Foerster, Mathias Franz, Carson M Murray, Ian C Gilby, Joseph T Feldblum, Kara K Walker, Anne E Pusey
Dominance hierarchies are widespread in animal social groups and often have measureable effects on individual health and reproductive success. Dominance ranks are not static individual attributes, however, but instead are influenced by two independent processes: 1) changes in hierarchy membership and 2) successful challenges of higher-ranking individuals. Understanding which of these processes dominates the dynamics of rank trajectories can provide insights into fitness benefits of within-sex competition. This question has yet to be examined systematically in a wide range of taxa due to the scarcity of long-term data and a lack of appropriate methodologies for distinguishing between alternative causes of rank changes over time...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728809/t-cell-cancer-therapy-requires-cd40-cd40l-activation-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-and-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-producing-dendritic-cells
#15
Ilaria Marigo, Serena Zilio, Giacomo Desantis, Bernhard Mlecnik, Andrielly H R Agnellini, Stefano Ugel, Maria Stella Sasso, Joseph E Qualls, Franz Kratochvill, Paola Zanovello, Barbara Molon, Carola H Ries, Valeria Runza, Sabine Hoves, Amélie M Bilocq, Gabriela Bindea, Emilia M C Mazza, Silvio Bicciato, Jérôme Galon, Peter J Murray, Vincenzo Bronte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701628/effects-of-biofeedback-on-control-and-generalization-of-nasalization-in-typical-speakers
#16
Elizabeth S Heller Murray, Joseph O Mendoza, Simone V Gill, Joseph S Perkell, Cara E Stepp
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of biofeedback on control of nasalization in individuals with typical speech. Method: Forty-eight individuals with typical speech attempted to increase and decrease vowel nasalization. During training, stimuli consisted of consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) tokens with the center vowels /a/ or /i/ in either a nasal or nonnasal phonemic context (e.g., /mim/ vs. /bib/), depending on the participant's training group...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698418/genomic-insights-into-the-peopling-of-the-southwest-pacific
#17
Pontus Skoglund, Cosimo Posth, Kendra Sirak, Matthew Spriggs, Frederique Valentin, Stuart Bedford, Geoffrey R Clark, Christian Reepmeyer, Fiona Petchey, Daniel Fernandes, Qiaomei Fu, Eadaoin Harney, Mark Lipson, Swapan Mallick, Mario Novak, Nadin Rohland, Kristin Stewardson, Syafiq Abdullah, Murray P Cox, Françoise R Friedlaender, Jonathan S Friedlaender, Toomas Kivisild, George Koki, Pradiptajati Kusuma, D Andrew Merriwether, Francois-X Ricaut, Joseph T S Wee, Nick Patterson, Johannes Krause, Ron Pinhasi, David Reich
The appearance of people associated with the Lapita culture in the South Pacific around 3,000 years ago marked the beginning of the last major human dispersal to unpopulated lands. However, the relationship of these pioneers to the long-established Papuan people of the New Guinea region is unclear. Here we present genome-wide ancient DNA data from three individuals from Vanuatu (about 3,100-2,700 years before present) and one from Tonga (about 2,700-2,300 years before present), and analyse them with data from 778 present-day East Asians and Oceanians...
October 3, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695638/frontal-metabolite-concentration-deficits-in-opiate-dependence-relate-to-substance-use-cognition-and-self-regulation
#18
Donna E Murray, Timothy C Durazzo, Thomas P Schmidt, Christoph Abé, Joseph Guydish, Dieter J Meyerhoff
OBJECTIVE: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) in opiate dependence showed abnormalities in neuronal viability and glutamate concentration in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). Metabolite levels in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) or orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and their neuropsychological correlates have not been investigated in opiate dependence. METHODS: Single-volume proton MRS at 4 Tesla and neuropsychological testing were conducted in 21 opiate-dependent individuals (OD) on buprenorphine maintenance therapy...
August 2016: Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622331/t-cell-cancer-therapy-requires-cd40-cd40l-activation-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-and-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-producing-dendritic-cells
#19
Ilaria Marigo, Serena Zilio, Giacomo Desantis, Bernhard Mlecnik, Andrielly H R Agnellini, Stefano Ugel, Maria Stella Sasso, Joseph E Qualls, Franz Kratochvill, Paola Zanovello, Barbara Molon, Carola H Ries, Valeria Runza, Sabine Hoves, Amélie M Bilocq, Gabriela Bindea, Emilia M C Mazza, Silvio Bicciato, Jérôme Galon, Peter J Murray, Vincenzo Bronte
Effective cancer immunotherapy requires overcoming immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments. We found that local nitric oxide (NO) production by tumor-infiltrating myeloid cells is important for adoptively transferred CD8(+) cytotoxic T cells to destroy tumors. These myeloid cells are phenotypically similar to inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2)- and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-producing dendritic cells (DC), or Tip-DCs. Depletion of immunosuppressive, colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF-1R)-dependent arginase 1(+) myeloid cells enhanced NO-dependent tumor killing...
September 12, 2016: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601610/in-vitro-activity-of-manuka-honey-and-polyhexamethylene-biguanide-on-filamentous-fungi-and-toxicity-to-human-cell-lines
#20
Joseph M Yabes, Brian K White, Clinton K Murray, Carlos J Sanchez, Katrin Mende, Miriam L Beckius, Wendy C Zera, Joseph C Wenke, Kevin S Akers
Soft-tissue invasive fungal infections are increasingly recognized as significant entities directly contributing to morbidity and mortality. They complicate clinical care, requiring aggressive surgical debridement and systemic antifungal therapy. To evaluate new topical approaches to therapy, we examined the antifungal activity and cytotoxicity of Manuka Honey (MH) and polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB). The activities of multiple concentrations of MH (40%, 60%, 80%) and PHMB (0.01%, 0.04%, 0.1%) against 13 clinical mould isolates were evaluated using a time-kill assay between 5 min and 24 h...
September 6, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
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