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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153248/efficacy-of-proximal-colectomy-for-surgical-management-of-right-sided-first-colorectal-cancer-in-lynch-syndrome-mutation-carriers
#1
Molly J Hiatt, Murray Joseph Casey, Henry T Lynch, Carrie L Snyder, Mark Stacey, Ryan W Walters
BACKGROUND: This study analyzes the occurrence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Lynch syndrome (LS) mutation carriers, interval until diagnosis of metachronous CRC, and survival after proximal colectomy (PC) compared with total (TC) and subtotal colectomy (STC) for right-sided first CRC in LS mutation carriers. METHODS: Sixty-four LS mutation carriers with right-sided first CRC treated with PC or TC + STC were confirmed by clinical records. Bivariate analyses were examined for significance and life tables were generated for risk of metachronous CRC and survival estimates following surgery...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136587/management-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-celiac-disease
#2
REVIEW
Rok Seon Choung, Jeffrey A Alexander, David A Katzka, Joseph A Murray
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and celiac disease (CeD) are chronic immune mediated gastrointestinal disorders characterized by mucosal inflammation, both of which are related to food antigens, but with differences in clinical and histopathological features. When untreated, both diseases lead to destruction of the epithelium. While a strict gluten-free diet is the only effective therapy for CeD, several therapeutic options, such as proton pump inhibitors, topical steroids and diet elimination therapy are available for EoE...
November 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135673/myocardial-cobalt-levels-are-elevated-in-the-setting-of-total-hip-arthroplasty
#3
Cody C Wyles, T Carson Wright, Melanie C Bois, Md Shahrier Amin, Ahmed Fayyaz, Sarah M Jenkins, Saranya P Wyles, Patrick L Day, David L Murray, Robert T Trousdale, Nandan S Anavekar, William D Edwards, Joseph J Maleszewski
BACKGROUND: Arthroplasty implants commonly contain elemental metal that may undergo wear-related release. Recently, cases of hip implant-associated myocardial injury have been reported. However, we are not aware of any previous study that has systematically measured myocardial metal levels or examined the relationship with total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Archives of our institution were queried for autopsies of individuals who had undergone THA between 1990 and 2013...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127609/gender-based-differences-in-a-population-based-cohort-with-celiac-disease-more-alike-than-unalike
#4
Claire L Jansson-Knodell, Katherine S King, Joseph J Larson, Carol T Van Dyke, Joseph A Murray, Alberto Rubio-Tapia
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in research focused on gender-based differences in non-referral populations with celiac disease. AIMS: The aim of this study was to estimate those differences in a unique population-based cohort of patients with celiac disease with respect to (1) presenting symptoms, (2) associated autoimmune disorders, and (3) survival. METHODS: Clinical data were systematically abstracted from the electronic medical record of a population-based incident cohort of patients with celiac disease...
November 10, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122524/traumatic-brain-injury-integrated-approaches-to-improve-prevention-clinical-care-and-research
#5
REVIEW
Andrew I R Maas, David K Menon, P David Adelson, Nada Andelic, Michael J Bell, Antonio Belli, Peter Bragge, Alexandra Brazinova, András Büki, Randall M Chesnut, Giuseppe Citerio, Mark Coburn, D Jamie Cooper, A Tamara Crowder, Endre Czeiter, Marek Czosnyka, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Jens P Dreier, Ann-Christine Duhaime, Ari Ercole, Thomas A van Essen, Valery L Feigin, Guoyi Gao, Joseph Giacino, Laura E Gonzalez-Lara, Russell L Gruen, Deepak Gupta, Jed A Hartings, Sean Hill, Ji-Yao Jiang, Naomi Ketharanathan, Erwin J O Kompanje, Linda Lanyon, Steven Laureys, Fiona Lecky, Harvey Levin, Hester F Lingsma, Marc Maegele, Marek Majdan, Geoffrey Manley, Jill Marsteller, Luciana Mascia, Charles McFadyen, Stefania Mondello, Virginia Newcombe, Aarno Palotie, Paul M Parizel, Wilco Peul, James Piercy, Suzanne Polinder, Louis Puybasset, Todd E Rasmussen, Rolf Rossaint, Peter Smielewski, Jeannette Söderberg, Simon J Stanworth, Murray B Stein, Nicole von Steinbüchel, William Stewart, Ewout W Steyerberg, Nino Stocchetti, Anneliese Synnot, Braden Te Ao, Olli Tenovuo, Alice Theadom, Dick Tibboel, Walter Videtta, Kevin K W Wang, W Huw Williams, Lindsay Wilson, Kristine Yaffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117060/cognitive-development-1-year-after-infantile-critical-pertussis
#6
John T Berger, Michele E Villalobos, Amy E Clark, Richard Holubkov, Murray M Pollack, Robert A Berg, Joseph A Carcillo, Heidi Dalton, Rick Harrison, Kathleen L Meert, Christopher J L Newth, Thomas P Shanley, David L Wessel, Kanwaljeet J S Anand, Jerry J Zimmerman, Ronald C Sanders, Teresa Liu, Jeri S Burr, Douglas F Willson, Allan Doctor, J Michael Dean, Tammara L Jenkins, Carol E Nicholson
OBJECTIVES: Pertussis can cause life-threatening illness in infants. Data regarding neurodevelopment after pertussis remain scant. The aim of this study was to assess cognitive development of infants with critical pertussis 1 year after PICU discharge. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Eight hospitals comprising the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network and 18 additional sites across the United States...
November 7, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116483/pittsburgh-compound-b-pib-pet-imaging-of-meningioma-and-other-intracranial-tumors
#7
Derek R Johnson, Christopher H Hunt, Mark A Nathan, Joseph E Parisi, Bradley F Boeve, Melissa E Murray, David S Knopman, Clifford R Jack, Ronald C Petersen, Val J Lowe, Geoffrey B Johnson
Meningiomas are the most common intracranial tumors. Diagnosis by MRI is generally straightforward, but lack of imaging specificity can present a diagnostic dilemma, particularly in patients with cancer. We report our experience with meningioma identification on Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) PET/CT. Patients who underwent PiB PET/CT from 2006 to 2015 were reviewed to identify those with intracranial tumors. Tumor types were classified by MR appearance, or by pathology when available. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) measurements of tumor PiB activity were compared across tumor types...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116144/the-effect-of-artificial-selection-on-phenotypic-plasticity-in-maize
#8
Joseph L Gage, Diego Jarquin, Cinta Romay, Aaron Lorenz, Edward S Buckler, Shawn Kaeppler, Naser Alkhalifah, Martin Bohn, Darwin A Campbell, Jode Edwards, David Ertl, Sherry Flint-Garcia, Jack Gardiner, Byron Good, Candice N Hirsch, Jim Holland, David C Hooker, Joseph Knoll, Judith Kolkman, Greg Kruger, Nick Lauter, Carolyn J Lawrence-Dill, Elizabeth Lee, Jonathan Lynch, Seth C Murray, Rebecca Nelson, Jane Petzoldt, Torbert Rocheford, James Schnable, Patrick S Schnable, Brian Scully, Margaret Smith, Nathan M Springer, Srikant Srinivasan, Renee Walton, Teclemariam Weldekidan, Randall J Wisser, Wenwei Xu, Jianming Yu, Natalia de Leon
Remarkable productivity has been achieved in crop species through artificial selection and adaptation to modern agronomic practices. Whether intensive selection has changed the ability of improved cultivars to maintain high productivity across variable environments is unknown. Understanding the genetic control of phenotypic plasticity and genotype by environment (G × E) interaction will enhance crop performance predictions across diverse environments. Here we use data generated from the Genomes to Fields (G2F) Maize G × E project to assess the effect of selection on G × E variation and characterize polymorphisms associated with plasticity...
November 7, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114831/factors-associated-with-increases-in-us-health-care-spending-1996-2013
#9
Joseph L Dieleman, Ellen Squires, Anthony L Bui, Madeline Campbell, Abigail Chapin, Hannah Hamavid, Cody Horst, Zhiyin Li, Taylor Matyasz, Alex Reynolds, Nafis Sadat, Matthew T Schneider, Christopher J L Murray
Importance: Health care spending in the United States increased substantially from 1995 to 2015 and comprised 17.8% of the economy in 2015. Understanding the relationship between known factors and spending increases over time could inform policy efforts to contain future spending growth. Objective: To quantify changes in spending associated with 5 fundamental factors related to health care spending in the United States: population size, population age structure, disease prevalence or incidence, service utilization, and service price and intensity...
November 7, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111717/discovery-of-a-novel-and-selective-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-ido-1-inhibitor-3-5-fluoro-1h-indol-3-yl-pyrrolidine-2-5-dione-eos200271-pf-06840003-and-its-characterization-as-a-potential-clinical-candidate
#10
Stefano Crosignani, Patrick Bingham, Pauline Bottemanne, Hélène Cannelle, Sandra Cauwenberghs, Marie Cordonnier, Deepak Dalvie, Frederik Deroose, Jun Li Feng, Bruno Gomes, Samantha Greasley, Stephen E Kaiser, Manfred Kraus, Michel Négrerie, Karen A Maegley, Nichol Miller, Brion W Murray, Manfred Schneider, James Solowiej, Albert E Stewart, Joseph Tumang, Vince R Torti, Benoit Van den Eynde, Martin Wythes
Tumors use tryptophan-catabolizing enzymes such as Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO-1) to induce an immunosuppressive environment. IDO-1 is induced in response to inflammatory stimuli and promotes immune tolerance through effector T-cell anergy and enhanced Treg function. As such, IDO-1 is a nexus for the induction of key immunosuppressive mechanism and represents an important immunotherapeutic target in oncology. Starting from HTS hit 5, IDO-1 inhibitor 6 (EOS200271/PF-06840003) has been developed. SAR around 6 is described and rationalized using the X-ray crystal structure of 6 bound to human IDO-1, which shows that 6, differently from most of the IDO-1 inhibitors described so far, does not bind to the heme iron atom and has a novel binding mode...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096057/spiropiperidine-sultam-and-lactam-templates-diastereoselective-overman-rearrangement-and-metathesis-followed-by-nh-arylation
#11
Luis A Martinez-Alsina, John C Murray, Leanne M Buzon, Mark W Bundesmann, Joseph Michael Young, Brian T O'Neill
We report the diastereoselective synthesis of novel spiropiperidine templates for use in SAR studies of β-secretase (BACE) inhibitors and also as versatile ligands for other receptor types. The overall synthetic approach stems from chiral starting material benzyl (S)-2-methyl-4-oxopiperidine-1-carboxylate and employs an Overman rearrangement to control the stereochemistry at the quaternary center. This process is followed by a Grubbs metathesis to close a 5-membered "top" ring to form an α,β-unsaturated lactam or an α,β-unsaturated sultam...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071502/phenotypic-and-genotypic-heterogeneity-of-lynch-syndrome-a-complex-diagnostic-challenge
#12
REVIEW
Henry T Lynch, Stephen Lanspa, Trudy Shaw, Murray Joseph Casey, Marc Rendell, Mark Stacey, Theresa Townley, Carrie Snyder, Megan Hitchins, Joan Bailey-Wilson
Lynch syndrome is the hereditary disorder that most frequently predisposes to colorectal cancer as well as predisposing to a number of extracolonic cancers, most prominently endometrial cancer. It is caused by germline mutations in the mismatch repair genes. Both its phenotype and genotype show marked heterogeneity. This review gives a historical overview of the syndrome, its heterogeneity, its genomic landscape, and its implications for complex diagnosis, genetic counseling and putative implications for immunotherapy...
October 25, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066610/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-i-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-an-australian-population-based-cohort
#13
Kun Zhu, Matthew Knuiman, Mark Divitini, Kevin Murray, Ee Mun Lim, Andrew St John, John P Walsh, Joseph Hung
OBJECTIVE: High-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) is an emerging biomarker for cardiovascular risk. We examined hs-cTnI as a predictor of mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in an Australian population-based cohort and evaluated if a sex difference exists. METHODS: Serum hs-cTnI was measured in the Busselton Health Study 1994/1995 Cohort (n=3939). Outcome measures were total and cardiovascular mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) events, heart failure and stroke...
October 24, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034821/abstracts-and-workshops-7th-national-spinal-cord-injury-conference-november-9-11-2017-fallsview-casino-resort-niagara-falls-ontario-canada
#14
Mir Hatef Shojaei, Mohammad Alavinia, B Catharine Craven, Christiana L Cheng, Tova Plashkes, Tian Shen, Nader Fallah, Suzanne Humphreys, Colleen O'Connell, Angelo Gary Linassi, Chester Ho, Christine Short, Karen Ethans, Rebecca Charbonneau, Jerome Paquet, Vanessa K Noonan, Julio C Furlan, Michael G Fehlings, B Catharine Craven, Jirapat Likitlersuang, Elizabeth Sumitro, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, José Zariffa, Dalton Wolfe, Stephanie Cornell, Julie Gagliardi, Stephanie Marrocco, Carly S Rivers, Nader Nader Fallah, Vanessa K Noonan, David Whitehurst, Carolyn Schwartz, Joel Finkelstein, B Catharine Craven, Karen Ethans, Colleen O'Connell, Catherine Truchon, Chester Ho, A Gary Linassi, Christine Short, Eve Tsai, Brian Drew, Henry Ahn, Marcel F Dvorak, Jérôme Paquet, Michael G Fehlings, Luc Noreau, Katie Lenz, K Alysse Bailey, David Allison, David Ditor, Justine Baron, Jennifer Tomasone, Dorothyann Curran, Toba Miller, Jeremy Grimshaw, Bastien Moineau, Milad Alizadeh-Meghrazi, Gabriel Stefan, Kei Masani, Milos R Popovic, Elizabeth Sumitro, Jirapat Likitlersuang, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, José Zariffa, Martha G Garcia-Garcia, Cesar Marquez-Chin, Milos R Popovic, Julio C Furlan, Sivakumar Gulasingam, B Catharine Craven, Julio C Furlan, Sivakumar Gulasingam, B Catharine Craven, Alia Khan, Clara Pujol, Mark Laylor, Nikola Unic, Maureen Pakosh, Kristin Musselman, Louise M Brisbois, B Catharine Craven, Mary C Verrier, Maryleen K Jones, Roberta O'Shea, Sakina Valika, Kaila Holtz, Elena Szefer, Vanessa Noonan, Brian Kwon, Patricia Mills, Cynthia Morin, Anne Harris, Christiana Cheng, Arlene Aspinall, Tova Plashkes, Vanessa K Noonan, Katherine Chan, Mary C Verrier, B Catharine Craven, Chris Alappat, Heather M Flett, Julio C Furlan, Kristin E Musselman, James Milligan, Loretta M Hillier, Craig Bauman, Lindsay Donaldson, Joseph Lee, James Milligan, Joseph Lee, Loretta M Hillier, Karen Slonim, Dalton Wolfe, Lindsay Sleeth, Samantha Jeske, Anna Kras-Dupuis, Stephanie Marrocco, Samantha McRae, Heather Flett, Jennifer Mokry, Joanne Zee, Mark Bayley, Jean-Francois Lemay, Audrey Roy, H Dany Gagnon, Maryleen K Jones, Roberta O'Shea, Renee Theiss, Heather Flett, Kristina Guy, Gillian Johnston, Melanie Kokotow, Sandra Mills, Jennifer Mokry, Patricia Bain, Carol Scovil, Pamela Houghton, Deena Lala, Lyndsay Orr, Paul Holyoke, Dalton Wolfe, Lyndsay Orr, Jillian Brooke, Paul Holyoke, Deena Lala, Pamela Houghton, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Robert B Shaw, Matthew J Stork, Christopher B McBride, Julio C Furlan, B Catharine Craven, Lora Giangregorio, Sander Hitzig, Naaz Kapadia, Milos R Popovic, Vera Zivanovic, Taufik Valiante, Milos R Popovic, Eleni Patsakos, Louise Brisbois, Farnoosh Farahani, Anita Kaiser, B Catharine Craven, Eleni Patsakos, Anita Kaiser, Louise Brisbois, Farnoosh Farahani, B Catharine Craven, Ben Mortenson, Megan MacGillivray, Sadeghi Mahsa, Jared Adams, Bonita Sawatzky, Patricia Mills, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Jennifer Leo, Ritu Sharma, Amy Latimer-Cheung, Timothy Olds, Kathleen Martin Ginis, Marnie Graco, Susan Cross, Chinnaya Thiyagarajan, Shirin Shafazand, Najib Ayas, Rachel Schembri, Lauren Booker, Carmel Nicholls, Patricia Burns, Mark Nash, Sally Green, David J Berlowitz, Samantha Taran, Meredith Rocchi, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Shane N Sweet, Jeffrey G Caron, Shane N Sweet, Meredith A Rocchi, Walter Zelaya, Shane N Sweet, Austin J Bergquist, Mikael F Del Castillo-Valenzuela, Milos R Popovic, Kei Masani, Karen Ethans, Alan Casey, Micheal Namaka, Dimitri Krassiokov-Enns, Cesar Marquez-Chin, Aaron Marquis, Naaz Desai, Vera Zivanovic, Debbie Hebert, Milos R Popovic, Julio C Furlan, B Catharine Craven, Jonathan McLeod, Audrey Hicks, Cindy Gauthier, Jasmine Arel, Rachel Brosseau, Audrey L Hicks, Dany H Gagnon, Nasrin Nejatbakhsh, Anita Kaiser, Sander L Hitzig, Shauna Cappe, Colleen McGillivray, Hardeep Singh, Jaya Sam, Heather Flett, B Catharine Craven, Mary Verrier, Kristin Musselman, Ryan G L Koh, Purbasha Garai, José Zariffa, Janelle Unger, Alison R Oates, Tarun Arora, Kristin Musselman, Bondi Moshe, Burns Anthony, Sivakumar Gulasingam, B Catharine Craven, Emilie Michalovic, Heather L Gainforth, Justine Baron, Ian D Graham, Shane N Sweet, Brian Chan, B Catharine Craven, Walter Wodchis, Suzanne Cadarette, Murray Krahn, Nicole Mittmann, Keryn Chemtob, Meredith A Rocchi, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Dahlia Kairy, Shane N Sweet, Parisa Sabetian, Ryan G L Koh, José Zariffa, Paul Yoo, Stephanie N Iwasa, Robart Babona-Pilipos, Patrick Schneider, Prashanth Velayudhan, Umalkhair Ahmed, Milos R Popovic, Cindi M Morshead, Jaeeun Yoo, Masahiro Shinya, Matija Milosevic, Kei Masani, Sharon Gabison, Sunita Mathur, Ethne Nussbaum, Milos Popovic, Mary C Verrier, Kristin Musselman, Jean-François Lemay, Shane McCullum, Kristina Guy, Kristen Walden, Jose Zariffa, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan, Milad Alizadeh-Meghrazi, Joseph Lee, James Milligan, Matt Smith, Peter Athanasopoulos, Tara Jeji, Jennifer Howcroft, Jeremy Howcroft, Andrea Townson, Rhonda Willms, Tova Plashkes, Sandra Mills, Heather Flett, Carol Scovil, Filomena Mazzella, Helen Morris, Anellina Ventre, Eldon Loh, Stacey Guy, John Kramer, Tara Jeji, Nancy Xia, Swati Mehta, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Christopher B McBride, Robert B Shaw, Christopher West, Karen Ethans, Colleen O'Connell, Susan Charlifue, Dany H Gagnon, Manuel Jose Escalona Castillo, Martin Vermette, Lívia Pinheiro Carvalho, Antony Karelis, Dahlia Kairy, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre, Cyril Duclos, Pamela E Houghton, Lyndsay Orr, Paul Holyoke, Anna Kras-Dupuis, Dalton Wolfe, Barry Munro, Michelle Sweeny, B Catharine Craven, Heather Flett, Sander Hitzig, Farnoosh Farahani, S Mohammad Alavinia, Maryam Omidvar, Mark Bayley, Shane N Sweet, Julie Gassaway, Rob Shaw, Minna Hong, Sarah Everhart-Skeels, Bethlyn Houlihan, Anthony Burns, Gerald Bilsky, Indira Lanig, Marnie Graco, Susan Cross, Chinnaya Thiyagarajan, Shirin Shafazand, Najib Ayas, Rachel Schembri, Lauren Booker, Carmel Nicholls, Patricia Burns, Mark Nash, Sally Green, David Berlowitz, Julio C Furlan, Sukhvinder Kalsi-Ryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980714/-18-f-flortaucipir-tau-positron-emission-tomography-distinguishes-established-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-from-controls-and-parkinson-disease-a-multicenter-study
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Daniel R Schonhaut, Corey T McMillan, Salvatore Spina, Bradford C Dickerson, Andrew Siderowf, Michael D Devous, Richard Tsai, Joseph Winer, David S Russell, Irene Litvan, Erik D Roberson, William W Seeley, Lea T Grinberg, Joel H Kramer, Bruce L Miller, Peter Pressman, Ilya Nasrallah, Suzanne L Baker, Stephen N Gomperts, Keith A Johnson, Murray Grossman, William J Jagust, Adam L Boxer, Gil D Rabinovici
OBJECTIVE: (18) F-flortaucipir (formerly (18) F-AV1451 or (18) F-T807) binds to neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer disease, but tissue studies assessing binding to tau aggregates in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) have yielded mixed results. We compared in vivo (18) F-flortaucipir uptake in patients meeting clinical research criteria for PSP (n = 33) to normal controls (n = 46) and patients meeting criteria for Parkinson disease (PD; n = 26). METHODS: Participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography for amyloid-β ((11) C-PiB or (18) F-florbetapir) and tau ((18) F-flortaucipir)...
October 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970238/hcfc2-is-needed-for-irf1-and-irf2-dependent-tlr3-transcription-and-for-survival-during-viral-infections
#16
Lei Sun, Zhengfan Jiang, Victoria A Acosta-Rodriguez, Michael Berger, Xin Du, Jin Huk Choi, Jianhui Wang, Kuan-Wen Wang, Gokhul K Kilaru, Jennifer A Mohawk, Jiexia Quan, Lindsay Scott, Sara Hildebrand, Xiaohong Li, Miao Tang, Xiaoming Zhan, Anne R Murray, Diantha La Vine, Eva Marie Y Moresco, Joseph S Takahashi, Bruce Beutler
Transcriptional regulation of numerous interferon-regulated genes, including Toll-like receptor 3 (Tlr3), which encodes an innate immune sensor of viral double-stranded RNA, depends on the interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1) and IRF2 transcription factors. We detected specific abrogation of macrophage responses to polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)) resulting from three independent N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-induced mutations in host cell factor C2 (Hcfc2). Hcfc2 mutations compromised survival during influenza virus and herpes simplex virus 1 infections...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950432/single-strain-versus-multi-strain-probiotics-supplementation-against-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Eric Marietta, Ashutosh Mangalam, Joseph Murray, Veena Taneja
We thank Dr. Giancarlo and Dr. Vincenzo for their comments on our recent publication Marietta et al (1) on the use of gut-derived commensals as a treatment option for autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Dysbiosis in RA patients has been well established (2, 3). We believe that reduced abundance of certain taxa might lead to an expansion of opportunist pathogens or perhaps loss of the homeostatic effects of those microbes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
September 26, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947942/discovery-of-an-isothiazole-based-phenylpropanoic-acid-gpr120-agonist-as-a-development-candidate-for-type-2-diabetes
#18
Xuqing Zhang, Chaozhong Cai, Zhihua Sui, Mark Macielag, Yuanping Wang, Wen Yan, Arthur Suckow, Hong Hua, Austin Bell, Peter Haug, Wilma Clapper, Celia Jenkinson, Joseph Gunnet, James Leonard, William V Murray
We have discovered a novel series of isothiazole-based phenylpropanoic acids as GPR120 agonists. Extensive structure-activity relationship studies led to the discovery of a potent GPR120 agonist 4x, which displayed good EC50 values in both calcium and β-arrestin assays. It also presented good pharmaceutical properties and a favorable PK profile. Moreover, it demonstrated in vivo antidiabetic activity in C57BL/6 DIO mice. Studies in WT and knockout DIO mice showed that it improved glucose handling during an OGTT via GPR120...
September 14, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942808/effects-of-excessive-alcohol-use-on-antisocial%C3%A2-behavior-across-adolescence-and%C3%A2-early-adulthood
#19
Gemma Hammerton, Liam Mahedy, Joseph Murray, Barbara Maughan, Alexis C Edwards, Kenneth S Kendler, Matthew Hickman, Jon Heron
OBJECTIVE: Antisocial behavior (ASB) decreases with age in most of the population; however, excessive alcohol use can inhibit the desistance process. This study investigated whether excessive early drinking might slow a young person's overall pattern of crime desistance compared with that of others ("between-person effects") and whether short-term increases in alcohol consumption might result in short-term increases in ASB ("within-person effects"). METHOD: Frequency of ASB and typical alcohol consumption were assessed repeatedly in young people 15 to 21 years old in a population-based birth cohort (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children)...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930815/variability-in-usual-care-mechanical-ventilation-for-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-time-for-a-decision-support-protocol
#20
Christopher J L Newth, Katherine A Sward, Robinder G Khemani, Kent Page, Kathleen L Meert, Joseph A Carcillo, Thomas P Shanley, Frank W Moler, Murray M Pollack, Heidi J Dalton, David L Wessel, John T Berger, Robert A Berg, Rick E Harrison, Richard Holubkov, Allan Doctor, J Michael Dean, Tammara L Jenkins, Carol E Nicholson
OBJECTIVES: Although pediatric intensivists philosophically embrace lung protective ventilation for acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome, we hypothesized that ventilator management varies. We assessed ventilator management by evaluating changes to ventilator settings in response to blood gases, pulse oximetry, or end-tidal CO2. We also assessed the potential impact that a pediatric mechanical ventilation protocol adapted from National Heart Lung and Blood Institute acute respiratory distress syndrome network protocols could have on reducing variability by comparing actual changes in ventilator settings to those recommended by the protocol...
November 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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