keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

glycine-betaine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643085/exogenous-application-of-nitric-oxide-modulates-osmolyte-metabolism-antioxidants-enzymes-of-ascorbate-glutathione-cycle-and-promotes-growth-under-cadmium-stress-in-tomato
#1
Parvaiz Ahmad, Mohammed Abass Ahanger, Mohammed Nasser Alyemeni, Leonard Wijaya, Pravej Alam
Experiments were carried out to investigate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in ameliorating the negative effects of cadmium stress in tomato seedlings. Plants treated with cadmium (CdCl2, 150 μM) showed reduced growth, biomass yield, pigment content, chlorophyll fluorescence, and gas exchange parameters. Exogenous application of NO donor (sodium nitroprusside) with nutrient solution protected chlorophyll pigments, restored chlorophyll fluorescence and gas exchange parameters, and caused significant enhancements in growth and biomass yield...
June 22, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630000/betaine-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-expression-during-physiological-cardiac-hypertrophy-induced-by-pregnancy
#2
Jesús Alfredo Rosas-Rodríguez, José Guadalupe Soñanez-Organis, José Arquimides Godoy-Lugo, Juan Alberto Espinoza-Salazar, Cesar Jeravy López-Jacobo, Norma Aurora Stephens-Camacho, Guadalupe González-Ochoa
Betaine Aldehyde Dehydrogenase (betaine aldehyde: NAD(P)(+) oxidoreductase, (E.C. 1.2.1.8; BADH) catalyze the irreversible oxidation of betaine aldehyde (BA) to glycine betaine (GB) and is essential for polyamine catabolism, γ-aminobutyric acid synthesis, and carnitine biosynthesis. GB is an important osmolyte that regulates the homocysteine levels, contributing to a vascular risk factor reduction. In this sense, distinct investigations describe the physiological roles of GB, but there is a lack of information about the GB novo synthesis process and regulation during cardiac hypertrophy induced by pregnancy...
June 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527001/the-relative-abundance-of-dimethylsulfoniopropionate-dmsp-among-other-zwitterions-in-branching-coral-at-heron-island-southern-great-barrier-reef
#3
Hilton B Swan, Elisabeth S M Deschaseaux, Graham B Jones, Bradley D Eyre
Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) and eleven other target zwitterions were quantified in the branch tips of six Acropora species and Stylophora pistillata hard coral growing on the reef flat surrounding Heron Island in the southern Great Barrier Reef (GBR), Australia. Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS) was used for sample analysis with isotope dilution MS applied to quantify DMSP. The concentration of DMSP was ten times greater in A. aspera than A. valida, with this difference being maintained throughout the spring, summer and winter seasons...
May 20, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488060/arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-and-pseudomonas-in-reduce-drought-stress-damage-in-flax-linum-usitatissimum-l-a-field-study
#4
Saeedeh Rahimzadeh, Alireza Pirzad
Drought stress, which is one of the most serious world environmental threats to crop production, might be compensated by some free living and symbiotic soil microorganisms. The physiological response of flax plants to inoculation with two species of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi (Funneliformis mosseae or Rhizophagus intraradices) and a phosphate solubilizing bacterium (Pseudomonas putida P13; PSB) was evaluated under different irrigation regimes (irrigation after 60, 120, and 180 mm of evaporation from Class A pan as well-watered, mild, and severe stress, respectively)...
May 10, 2017: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477153/nitrogen-removal-performance-and-operation-strategy-of-anammox-process-under-temperature-shock
#5
Weiqiang Zhu, Jin Li, Huiyu Dong, Dan Wang, Peiyu Zhang
Sequencing batch reactors were used to study anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process under temperature shock. Both long-term (15-35 °C) and short-term (10-50 °C) temperature effects on nitrogen removal performance were performed. In reactor operation test, the results indicated that ammonium removal rate decreased from 0.35 kg/(m(3) day) gradually to 0.059 kg/(m(3) day) when temperature dropped from 35 to 15 °C. Although bacteria morphology was not modified, sludge settling velocity decreased with decreasing temperature...
May 5, 2017: Biodegradation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470931/betaine-catalysis-for-hierarchical-reduction-of-co2-with-amines-and-hydrosilane-to-form-formamides-aminals-and-methylamines
#6
Xiao-Fang Liu, Xiao-Ya Li, Chang Qiao, Hong-Chen Fu, Liang-Nian He
An efficient, sustainable organocatalyst, glycine betaine, was developed for the reductive functionalization of CO2 with amines and diphenylsilane. Methylamines and formamides were obtained in high yield by tuning the CO2 pressure and reaction temperature. Based on identification of the key intermediate, that is, the aminal, an alternative mechanism for methylation involving the C(0) silyl acetal and aminal is proposed. Furthermore, reducing the CO2 amount afforded aminals with high yield and selectivity. Therefore, betaine catalysis affords products with a diversified energy content that is, formamides, aminals and methylamines, by hierarchical two-, four- and six-electron reduction, respectively, of CO2 coupled with C-N bond formation...
May 3, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421049/transcriptomic-and-metabolomics-profiling-of-phage-host-interactions-between-phage-pap1-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#7
Xia Zhao, Mengyu Shen, Xingyu Jiang, Wei Shen, Qiu Zhong, Yuhui Yang, Yinling Tan, Melissa Agnello, Xuesong He, Fuquan Hu, Shuai Le
The basic biology of bacteriophage-host interactions has attracted increasing attention due to a renewed interest in the therapeutic potential of bacteriophages. In addition, knowledge of the host pathways inhibited by phage may provide clues to novel drug targets. However, the effect of phage on bacterial gene expression and metabolism is still poorly understood. In this study, we tracked phage-host interactions by combining transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses in Pseudomonas aeruginosa infected with a lytic bacteriophage, PaP1...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386731/comparative-metagenomics-reveals-insights-into-the-deep-sea-adaptation-mechanism-of-the-microorganisms-in-iheya-hydrothermal-fields
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hai-Liang Wang, Li Sun
In this study, comparative metagenomic analysis was performed to investigate the genetic profiles of the microbial communities inhabiting the sediments surrounding Iheya North and Iheya Ridge hydrothermal fields. Four samples were used, which differed in their distances from hydrothermal vents. The results showed that genes involved in cell surface structure synthesis, polyamine metabolism and homeostasis, osmoadaptation, pH and Na(+) homeostasis, and heavy-metal transport were abundant. Pathways for putrescine and spermidine synthesis and transport were identified in the four metagenomes, which possibly participate in the regulation of cytoplasmic pH...
May 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378100/physiological-responses-of-three-soybean-species-glycine-soja-g-gracilis-and-g-max-cv-melrose-to-salinity-stress
#9
Haoran Liu, Jinhui Song, Lijun Dong, Di Wang, Shuling Zhang, Jianfeng Liu
Understanding the mechanism for salt tolerance in wild soybean (Glycine soja) can help researchers improve that trait in cultivated soybean lines. We analyzed the effects of excess NaCl on the growth, physiology, and ion distribution in three soybean species: wild G. soja (W8), semi-wild G. gracilis (SW18), and the cultivated salt-sensitive G. max (cv. Melrose). These comparisons revealed that, under salt stress, shoot and root lengths and biomass (either shoot or root dry weights) were significantly higher for the W8 genotype than for the other two...
July 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377746/genome-guided-insights-into-the-plant-growth-promotion-capabilities-of-the-physiologically-versatile-bacillus-aryabhattai-strain-ab211
#10
Chandrima Bhattacharyya, Utpal Bakshi, Ivy Mallick, Shayantan Mukherji, Biswajit Bera, Abhrajyoti Ghosh
Bacillus aryabhattai AB211 is a plant growth promoting, Gram-positive firmicute, isolated from the rhizosphere of tea (Camellia sinensis), one of the oldest perennial crops and a major non-alcoholic beverage widely consumed all over the world. The whole genome of B. aryabhattai AB211 was sequenced, annotated and evaluated with special focus on genomic elements related to plant microbe interaction. It's genome sequence reveals the presence of a 5,403,026 bp chromosome. A total of 5226 putative protein-coding sequences, 16 rRNA, 120 tRNA, 8 ncRNAs, 58 non-protein coding genes, and 11 prophage regions were identified...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363467/investigation-of-the-electrostatic-and-hydration-properties-of-dna-minor-groove-binding-by-a-heterocyclic-diamidine-by-osmotic-pressure
#11
Noa Erlitzki, Kenneth Huang, Suela Xhani, Abdelbasset A Farahat, Arvind Kumar, David W Boykin, Gregory M K Poon
Previous investigations of sequence-specific DNA binding by model minor groove-binding compounds showed that the ligand/DNA complex was destabilized in the presence of compatible co-solutes. Inhibition was interpreted in terms of osmotic stress theory as the uptake of significant numbers of excess water molecules from bulk solvent upon complex formation. Here, we interrogated the AT-specific DNA complex formed with the symmetric heterocyclic diamidine DB1976 as a model for minor groove DNA recognition using both ionic (NaCl) and non-ionic cosolutes (ethylene glycol, glycine betaine, maltose, nicotinamide, urea)...
March 20, 2017: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328973/differing-metabolic-responses-to-salt-stress-in-wheat-barley-addition-lines-containing-different-7h-chromosomal-fragments
#12
Eva Darko, Krisztián Gierczik, Orsolya Hudák, Péter Forgó, Magda Pál, Edina Türkösi, Viktória Kovács, Sándor Dulai, Imre Majláth, István Molnár, Tibor Janda, Márta Molnár-Láng
Salinity-induced osmotic, ionic and oxidative stress responses were investigated on Asakaze/Manas wheat/barley addition lines 7H, 7HL and 7HS, together with their barley (salt-tolerant) and wheat (relatively salt-sensitive) parents. Growth, photosynthetic activity, chlorophyll degradation, proline, glycine betaine accumulation, sugar metabolism, Na+ and K+ uptake and transport processes and the role of polyamines and antioxidants were studied in young plants grown in hydroponic culture with or without salt treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281000/methylglyoxal-as-a-novel-signal-molecule-induces-the-salt-tolerance-of-wheat-by-regulating-the-glyoxalase-system-the-antioxidant-system-and-osmolytes
#13
Zhong-Guang Li, Xiang-Qiu Duan, Xiong Min, Zhi-Hao Zhou
Reactive carbonyl species methylglyoxal (MG) has always been regarded as a cytotoxic metabolite, but now is emerging to function as signal molecule in plants. However, whether MG can induce salt tolerance is elusive. In this study, treatment of wheat seeds with NaCl reduced seed germination, plant height, root length, fresh weight, and dry weight, indicating the inhibitive effects of NaCl on seed germination and seedling growth. The inhibitive effects of NaCl were alleviated by applying exogenous MG, but aggravated by the MG scavenger N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), suggesting that MG could induce the salt tolerance of wheat...
March 9, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274419/heat-induced-formation-of-mepiquat-by-decarboxylation-of-pipecolic-acid-and-its-betaine-derivative-part-1-model-system-studies
#14
Yuan Yuan, Adrienne Tarres, Thomas Bessaire, Richard H Stadler, Thierry Delatour
This study describes, for the first time, the role of pipecolic acid betaine and pipecolic acid, naturally present in some foods, in the formation of the plant growth regulator N,N-dimethylpiperidinium (mepiquat) under dry thermal conditions. The formation of mepiquat and intermediate compounds was investigated in model systems using high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Mepiquat is released with a yield of up to 0.66mol% after thermal treatment (>150°C) of pipecolic acid betaine...
July 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263768/osmotic-shock-induced-protein-destabilization-in-living-cells-and-its-reversal-by-glycine-betaine
#15
Samantha S Stadmiller, Annelise H Gorensek-Benitez, Alex J Guseman, Gary J Pielak
Many organisms can adapt to changes in the solute content of their surroundings (i.e., the osmolarity). Hyperosmotic shock causes water efflux and a concomitant reduction in cell volume, which is countered by the accumulation of osmolytes. This volume reduction increases the crowded nature of the cytoplasm, which is expected to affect protein stability. In contrast to traditional theory, which predicts that more crowded conditions can only increase protein stability, recent work shows that crowding can destabilize proteins through transient attractive interactions...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256787/from-substrate-specificity-to-promiscuity-hybrid-abc-transporters-for-osmoprotectants
#16
Laura Teichmann, Chiliang Chen, Tamara Hoffmann, Sander H J Smits, Lutz Schmitt, Erhard Bremer
The ABC-transporters OpuB and OpuC from Bacillus subtilis function as osmoprotectant import systems. Their structural genes have most likely evolved through a duplication event but the two transporters are remarkably different in their substrate profile. OpuB possesses narrow substrate specificity, while OpuC is promiscuous. We assessed the functionality of hybrids between these two ABC-transporters by reciprocally exchanging the coding regions for the OpuBC and OpuCC substrate-binding proteins between the corresponding opuB and opuC operons...
June 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243831/biochemical-response-of-hybrid-black-poplar-tissue-culture-populus%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-canadensis-on-water-stress
#17
B M Popović, D Štajner, R Ždero-Pavlović, I Tari, J Csiszár, Á Gallé, P Poór, V Galović, B Trudić, S Orlović
In this study, poplar tissue culture (hybrid black poplar, M1 genotype) was subjected to water stress influenced by polyethyleneglycol 6000 (100 and 200 mOsm PEG 6000). The aim of the research was to investigate the biochemical response of poplar tissue culture on water deficit regime. Antioxidant status was analyzed including antioxidant enzymes, superoxide-dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), guiacol-peroxidase (GPx), glutathione-peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutathione-reductase, reduced glutathione, total phenol content, Ferric reducing antioxidant power and DPPH radical antioxidant power...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241862/transcriptome-analysis-of-lentil-lens-culinaris-medikus-in-response-to-seedling-drought-stress
#18
Dharmendra Singh, Chandan Kumar Singh, Jyoti Taunk, Ram Sewak Singh Tomar, Ashish Kumar Chaturvedi, Kishor Gaikwad, Madan Pal
BACKGROUND: Drought stress is one of the most harmful abiotic stresses in crop plants. As a moderately drought tolerant crop, lentil is a major crop in rainfed areas and a suitable candidate for drought stress tolerance research work. Screening for drought tolerance stress under hydroponic conditions at seedling stage with air exposure is an efficient technique to select genotypes with contrasting traits. Transcriptome analysis provides valuable resources, especially for lentil, as here the information on complete genome sequence is not available...
February 27, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224920/genetic-engineering-of-the-biosynthesis-of-glycinebetaine-leads-to-alleviate-salt-induced-potassium-efflux-and-enhances-salt-tolerance-in-tomato-plants
#19
Dandan Wei, Wen Zhang, Cuicui Wang, Qingwei Meng, Gang Li, Tony H H Chen, Xinghong Yang
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum cv. 'Moneymaker') was transformed with the choline oxidase gene codA from Arthrobacter globiformis, which was modified to allow for targeting to both chloroplasts and the cytosol. Glycine betaine (GB) was accumulated in transformed plants, while no detectable GB was found in wild-type (WT) plants. Compared to WT plants, transgenic lines showed significantly higher photosynthetic rates (Pn) and antioxidant enzyme activities and lower reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation in the leaves when exposed to salt stress...
April 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212821/cloning-and-molecular-characterization-of-the-betaine-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-involved-in-the-biosynthesis-of-glycine-betaine-in-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei
#20
María F Delgado-Gaytán, Jesús A Rosas-Rodríguez, Gloria Yepiz-Plascencia, Ciria G Figueroa-Soto, Elisa M Valenzuela-Soto
The enzyme betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) catalyzes the irreversible oxidation of betaine aldehyde to glycine betaine (GB), a very efficient osmolyte accumulated during osmotic stress. In this study, we determined the nucleotide sequence of the cDNA for the BADH from the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (LvBADH). The cDNA was 1882 bp long, with a complete open reading frame of 1524 bp, encoding 507 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 54.15 kDa and a pI of 5.4. The predicted LvBADH amino acid sequence shares a high degree of identity with marine invertebrate BADHs...
February 15, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
keyword
keyword
47907
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"