keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Traumatic brain injury concussion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228694/survey-of-primary-contact-medical-and-chiropractic-clinicians-on-self-reported-knowledge-and-recognition-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries-a-pilot-study
#1
David N Taylor, Frank J Ponce, Stephen J Dyess
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the self-reported knowledge of concussion recognition and treatment with first-contact family medical and chiropractic practitioners by means of a pilot study of the need, construct validity, and feasibility for further investigation of mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) knowledge base. METHODS: Two hundred forty-eight practicing chiropractic and 120 medical physicians in the south and northeastern sections of the United States were contacted by e-mail, telephone, and postal mail to answer an 18-item survey on knowledge, diagnosis, and common practice with respect to traumatic brain injury patients...
March 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227478/portable-video-oculography-device-for-implementation-in-sideline-concussion-assessments-a-prototype
#2
Joshua D Fischer, Dawie J van den Heever, Joshua D Fischer, Dawie J van den Heever, Dawie J Van den Heever, Joshua D Fischer
Concussion is currently a serious health problem and can lead to severe brain dysfunction. There is a definite need for sensitive and reliable tests to detect and evaluate the subtle changes in brain function caused by concussion. This study details the development of a low cost portable eye tracking device that can aid in the detection of concussions. The device evaluates ocular motor function and can be used on the sidelines of sporting events to give a quick indication of the severity of head trauma. It can further be used to evaluate and monitor mild Traumatic Brain Injuries and aid in the return to play decision making process...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222567/immune-biomarkers-for-the-diagnosis-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Ashley B Petrone, Valerie Gionis, Richard Giersch, Taura L Barr
BACKGROUND: In 2010, there were approximately 2.2 million emergency room visits associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI), with 80 percent diagnosed as mild TBI or concussion. In addition, there are a large number of TBIs, especially mild TBIs, which go either unreported by patients or initially undiagnosed by clinicians. Our team has previously identified a panel of immune-related genes that can diagnose ischemic stroke at triage, and due to shared pathophysiological mechanisms of TBI and stroke, we hypothesized that this panel of genes may also be utilized for the diagnosis of TBI...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217290/neuroprotective-effect-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-in-a-juvenile-rat-model-of-repetitive-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Lei Huang, Andre Obenaus, Mary Hamer, John H Zhang
Repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (rmTBI) is an important medical concern for adolescent athletes that can lead to long-term disabilities. Multiple mild injuries may exacerbate tissue damage resulting in cumulative brain injury and poor functional recovery. In the present study, we investigated the increased brain vulnerability to rmTBI and the effect of hyperbaric oxygen treatment using a juvenile rat model of rmTBI. Two episodes of mild cortical controlled impact (3 days apart) were induced in juvenile rats...
October 2016: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214960/axonal-disruption-in-white-matter-underlying-cortical-sulcus-tau-pathology-in-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy
#5
Laurena Holleran, Joong Hee Kim, Mihika Gangolli, Thor Stein, Victor Alvarez, Ann McKee, David L Brody
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disorder associated with repetitive traumatic brain injury. One of the primary defining neuropathological lesions in CTE, based on the first consensus conference, is the accumulation of hyperphosphorylated tau in gray matter sulcal depths. Post-mortem CTE studies have also reported myelin loss, axonal injury and white matter degeneration. Currently, the diagnosis of CTE is restricted to post-mortem neuropathological analysis. We hypothesized that high spatial resolution advanced diffusion MRI might be useful for detecting white matter microstructural changes directly adjacent to gray matter tau pathology...
February 18, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207508/concussion-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-related-chronic-pain-in-males-and-females-a-diagnostic-modelling-study
#6
Tatyana Mollayeva, J David Cassidy, Colin M Shapiro, Shirin Mollayeva, Angela Colantonio
Pain is an unpleasant, complex, and perceived experience that places a significant burden on patients and clinicians. Its severity may be mediated by emotion, attitude, and environmental influences, and pain may be expressed differently in males and females. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is frequently associated with chronic pain. This diagnostic modeling study examined sex differences in the construct of chronic pain in patients with delayed recovery from concussion/mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).Data were collected from standardized questionnaires, neuroimaging records, and comprehensive clinical assessments...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188778/work-limitations-four-years-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cohort-study
#7
Alice Theadom, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Kelly Jones, Michael Kahan, Braden Te Ao, Kathryn McPherson, Nicola Starkey, Valery Feigin
OBJECTIVE: To explore employment status, work limitations and productivity loss following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). STUDY DESIGN: Inception cohort study over four years. SETTING: General community. PARTICIPANTS: 245 Adults (>16 years at the time of injury), who experienced a mild TBI and who were employed prior to their injury. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Details of the injury, demographic information and pre-injury employment status were collected from medical records and self-report...
February 7, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182530/is-state-anxiety-trait-anxiety-or-anxiety-sensitivity-a-clinical-predictor-of-symptoms-in-those-presenting-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-or-concussion
#8
Krista M Hixson, Alex N Allen, Andrew S Williams, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176234/frequent-mild-head-injury-promotes-trigeminal-sensitivity-concomitant-with-microglial-proliferation-astrocytosis-and-increased-neuropeptide-levels-in-the-trigeminal-pain-system
#9
Ashley L Tyburski, Lan Cheng, Soroush Assari, Kurosh Darvish, Melanie B Elliott
BACKGROUND: Frequent mild head injuries or concussion along with the presence of headache may contribute to the persistence of concussion symptoms. METHODS: In this study, the acute effects of recovery between mild head injuries and the frequency of injuries on a headache behavior, trigeminal allodynia, was assessed using von Frey testing up to one week after injury, while histopathological changes in the trigeminal pain pathway were evaluated using western blot, ELISA and immunohistochemistry...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174132/traumatic-brain-injury-induces-genome-wide-transcriptomic-methylomic-and-network-perturbations-in-brain-and-blood-predicting-neurological-disorders
#10
Qingying Meng, Yumei Zhuang, Zhe Ying, Rahul Agrawal, Xia Yang, Fernando Gomez-Pinilla
The complexity of the traumatic brain injury (TBI) pathology, particularly concussive injury, is a serious obstacle for diagnosis, treatment, and long-term prognosis. Here we utilize modern systems biology in a rodent model of concussive injury to gain a thorough view of the impact of TBI on fundamental aspects of gene regulation, which have the potential to drive or alter the course of the TBI pathology. TBI perturbed epigenomic programming, transcriptional activities (expression level and alternative splicing), and the organization of genes in networks centered around genes such as Anax2, Ogn, and Fmod...
February 1, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170134/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-is-something-missing-when-comparing-cognitive-rest-and-graduated-return-to-usual-activities-versus-usual-care
#11
Vaitsa Giannouli
I read with great interest the article by Varner et al.(1) which aims to determine in a simple, concise, and neat way if mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) patients randomized to graduated return to usual activity discharge instructions have a decrease in their Post Concussion Symptom Score (PCSS) two weeks after MTBI, compared to patients who receive usual care MTBI discharge instructions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
February 7, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170122/utility-of-serum-biomarkers-in-the-diagnosis-and-stratification-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Lawrence M Lewis, Derek Schloemann, Linda Papa, Robert Fucetola, Jeffrey Bazarian, Miranda Lindburg, Robert Welch
OBJECTIVE: To compare test characteristics of a single serum concentration of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), S-100β, and ubiquitin carboxyl terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1), obtained within 6 hours of head injury, to diagnose mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in head-injured subjects. METHODS: Adults aged 18-80 who presented to one of seven EDs with a blunt closed head injury, underwent head CT within 4 hours of injury, and had blood drawn for biomarker analysis within 6 hours of injury were eligible...
February 7, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162097/is-age-associated-with-the-severity-of-post-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-symptoms
#13
Tina Hu, Cindy Hunt, Donna Ouchterlony
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a significant public health concern. Research has shown that mTBI is associated with persistent physical, cognitive, and behavioural symptoms, leading to significant direct and indirect medical costs. Our objective was to determine if age impacts the type and severity of post-mTBI symptoms experienced. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data at a level 1 tertiary care outpatient head injury clinic...
February 6, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159872/utilization-of-mental-health-services-after-mild-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Nathalia Jimenez, Alex Quistberg, Monica S Vavilala, Kenneth M Jaffe, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury injuries (mTBIs), including concussions, represent >2 million US pediatric emergency department visits annually. Post-mTBI mental health symptoms are prominent and often attributed to the mTBI. This study examined whether individuals seeking post-mTBI mental health care had previous mental health diagnoses or a new onset of such disorders, and determined if mental health care utilization differed by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study, using the Medicaid Marketscan claims national dataset (2007-2012)...
February 3, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156140/short-term-neurocognitive-and-symptomatic-outcomes-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-prospective-multi-centre-observational-cohort-study
#15
Benjamin M Bloom, Kathryn Kinsella, Jason Pott, Hiren C Patel, Tim Harris, Fiona Lecky, Rupert Pearse
OBJECTIVE: To determine the short-term cognitive and symptomatic outcome following mild traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Setting: Emergency Departments of two UK tertiary referral hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients presenting to the Emergency Departments of the Royal London Hospital and Salford Royal Hospital with suspected traumatic brain injury within 24 hours and Glasgow Coma Score > 8. A non-TBI comparison group included adult patients with no head or neck injury...
February 3, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153668/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-and-tinnitus-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-a-chronic-effects-of-neurotrauma-consortium-study
#16
A A Swan, J T Nelson, B Swiger, C A Jaramillo, B C Eapen, M Packer, M J Pugh
The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of hearing loss and tinnitus in a cohort of Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans (IAV) with common post-deployment conditions, including traumatic brain injury (TBI), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other typical post-concussive conditions such as headaches and vertigo/dizziness. This retrospective observational study used data from the national Veterans Health Administration (VA) data repository from fiscal years 2001-2014. Veteran data was included if there were at least three years of VA care, with one or more years of care in 2007 or after...
January 31, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144218/changes-in-cortical-plasticity-in-relation-to-a-history-of-concussion-during-adolescence
#17
Sean K Meehan, Jasmine L Mirdamadi, Douglas N Martini, Steven P Broglio
Adolescence and early adulthood is a critical period for neurophysiological development potentially characterized by an increased susceptibility to the long-term effects of traumatic brain injury. The current study investigated differences in motor cortical physiology and neuroplastic potential across a cohort of young adults with adolescent concussion history and those without. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to assess motor evoked potential (MEP) amplitude, short-interval cortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF) before and after intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140672/head-injury-serum-markers-for-assessing-response-to-trauma-design-of-the-headsmart-study
#18
Matthew E Peters, Vani Rao, Kathleen T Bechtold, Durga Roy, Haris I Sair, Jeannie-Marie Leoutsakos, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Robert D Stevens, D Scott Batty, Hayley Falk, Christopher Fernandez, Uju Ofoche, Alexandra Vassila, Anna J Hall, Braden Anderson, Edward Bessman, Constantine G Lyketsos, Allen D Everett, Jennifer Van Eyk, Frederick K Korley
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis and risk stratification of traumatic brain injury (TBI) at time of presentation remains a clinical challenge. The Head Injury Serum Markers for Assessing Response to Trauma study (HeadSMART) aims to examine blood-based biomarkers for diagnosing and determining prognosis in TBI. METHODS: HeadSMART is a 6-month prospective cohort study comparing emergency department patients evaluated for TBI (exposure group) to (1) emergency department patients evaluated for traumatic injury without head trauma and (2) healthy persons...
January 31, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127126/concussion-knowledge-among-rehabilitation-staff
#19
David Salisbury, Michael Kolessar, Librada Callender, Monica Bennett
A concussion knowledge survey was completed by 561 rehabilitation professionals across a wide range of disciplines in a nationwide rehabilitation hospital system. Item questions were structured to reflect key areas of concussion knowledge targeted in a prior consensus statement. The vast majority of staff provided responses consistent with the current concussion literature regarding concussion diagnosis and symptom presentation immediately after concussion. Greater variability was seen for items assessing beliefs about the typical recovery from concussion, best care practices, and long-term effects from concussion...
January 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124982/overview-of-traumatic-brain-injury-an-immunological-context
#20
REVIEW
Damir Nizamutdinov, Lee A Shapiro
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) afflicts people of all ages and genders, and the severity of injury ranges from concussion/mild TBI to severe TBI. Across all spectrums, TBI has wide-ranging, and variable symptomology and outcomes. Treatment options are lacking for the early neuropathology associated with TBIs and for the chronic neuropathological and neurobehavioral deficits. Inflammation and neuroinflammation appear to be major mediators of TBI outcomes. These systems are being intensively studies using animal models and human translational studies, in the hopes of understanding the mechanisms of TBI, and developing therapeutic strategies to improve the outcomes of the millions of people impacted by TBIs each year...
January 23, 2017: Brain Sciences
keyword
keyword
47905
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"