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Alkaline phosphatase high

Masashi Kawashima, Risa Segawa, Toshinori Yoshida, Hirotada Murayama, Rei Nagahara, Masayuki Kimura, Natsumi Endo, Tomomi Tanaka, Makoto Shibutani
An 11-year-old female goat had invasive and metastatic endometrial adenocarcinoma in the uterus. There was a notable proliferation of endometrial epithelial cells in a tubular growth pattern, with a desmoplastic response. The endometrial epithelial tumor cells metastasized to the kidney, liver and lung. In contrast to the primary and metastatic tumor cells, pleomorphic tumor cells with a choriocarcinoma-like growth pattern infiltrated the mesometrium. Cell proliferation activity was high in both types of tumor cells...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Yao-Wu Fu, Bin Wang, Qi-Zhong Zhang, De-Hai Xu, De-Jie Lin, Xing-Ya Yang, Shu-Qun Zhu, Jing-Yang Pan, Qian Deng, Yan-Meng Liu, Sheng-Yu Zhou
Dactylogyrus ctenopharyngodonid and Ichthyophthirius multifiliis are two important ectoparasites of freshwater fish. Co-infection by the two parasites leads to high fish mortality and results in heavy economic losses. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of medicated feed and a ginger extract bath against D. ctenopharyngodonid and I. multifiliis on grass carp and investigate the hematological response of grass carp co-infected by the two parasites. These results demonstrated that red blood cell (RBC) and thrombocyte percentage among leucocytes significantly decreased after grass carp were co-infected by D...
May 20, 2017: Parasitology Research
Lina García Cañamaque, Cristina Rioja Parada, Paloma García De la Peña
PURPOSE: Paget disease is commonly asymptomatic and discovered when an imaging test is performed for another clinical indication or when elevated serum alkaline phosphatase is found. Bone pain usually appears late in the disease process and is only present in a minority of patients. For diagnosis, X-ray and bone scan are the most recommended imaging methods; radionuclide imaging of the skeleton has become the standard, since it is the most sensitive test for detecting increased bone activity...
May 18, 2017: Tumori
Jinbo Zhang, Lei Zhang, Yanxia Chen, Xinlu Wang, Aihua Hou, Lingling Dai
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Qingzao Runfei Huazhuo Xingxue decoction (QRHXD) on inflammatory reaction and histopathology in mice with PM2.5-induced pulmonary injury, and to approach the possible mechanism of prevention and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine on lung injury induced by haze. METHODS: Fifty healthy male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into five groups (n = 10): namely control, PM2.5, PM2.5 + low-, moderate-, and high-dose groups. The PM2...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Xiaoxiong Xiao, Tingwen Zhou, Shichao Guo, Chao Guo, Qiao Zhang, Nianguo Dong, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidences have indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in cardiovascular physiology and pathology. The lncRNA MALAT1, a highly abundant and conserved imprinted gene, has been implicated in many cardiovascular diseases. However, the function of MALAT1 in calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) remains unknown. This study sought to document the function and underlying mechanism of MALAT1 in regulating CAVD. METHODS: Protein level was determined by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence staining...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Song-Jiao Li, Chunyan Li, Yongfei Li, Junjie Fei, Ping Wu, Bin Yang, Juan Ou-Yang, Shi-Xin Nie
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an essential enzyme and widely distributes in a variety of tissues. To date, various nanomaterial and small-molecule fluorescent probes for ALP have been constructed successfully, but the emission wavelengths of these probes are in the ultraviolet or visible range, which is not beneficial for bioimaging. Herein, a merocyanine-based near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe named CyP is first synthesized and used to detect ALP activity. The characteristics of probe CyP are as follows: (1) The probe possesses a facile structure, which can be obtained by easy synthetic steps...
May 18, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Amita Yadav, Jitendra Pandey
Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus inputs through atmospheric deposition, surface runoff and point sources were measured in the Ganga River along a gradient of increasing human pressure. Productivity variables (chlorophyll a, gross primary productivity, biogenic silica and autotrophic index) and heterotrophy (respiration, substrate induced respiration, biological oxygen demand and fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis) showed positive relationships with these inputs. Alkaline phosphatase (AP), however, showed an opposite trend...
May 17, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Nagarajan Selvamurugan, Zhiming He, Daniel Rifkin, Branka Dabovic, Nicola C Partridge
Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) have been documented to promote bone fracture healing in nonunions and increase lumbar spinal fusion rates. However, the molecular mechanisms by which PEMF stimulates differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) into osteoblasts are not well understood. In this study the PEMF effects on hBMSCs were studied by microarray analysis. PEMF stimulation of hBMSCs' cell numbers mainly affected genes of cell cycle regulation, cell structure, and growth receptors or kinase pathways...
2017: Stem Cells International
Stephan Nieuwoudt, Ciarán E Fealy, Julie A Foucher, Amanda R Scelsi, Steven K Malin, Mangesh R Pagadala, Michael Rocco, Bartolome Burguera, John P Kirwan
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by reductions in β-cell function and insulin secretion on the background of elevated insulin resistance. Aerobic exercise has been shown to improve β-cell function, despite a subset of T2D patients displaying "exercise resistance". Further investigations into the effectiveness of alternate forms of exercise on β-cell function in the T2D patient population are needed. We examined the effect of a novel 6-week CrossFit™ Functional High Intensity Training (F-HIT) intervention on β-cell function in 12 sedentary adults with clinically diagnosed T2D (54±2 years, 166±16 mg/dL fasting glucose)...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Li Chen, Guancao Yang, Ping Wu, Chenxin Cai
This work reports a convenient and real-time assay of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in living cells based on a fluorescence quench-recovery process at a physiological pH using the boron-doped graphene quantum dots (BGQDs) as fluorophore. The fluorescence of BGQDs is found to be effectively quenched by Ce(3+) ions because of the coordination of Ce(3+) ions with the carboxyl group of BGQDs. Upon addition of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) into the system, the quenched fluorescence can be recovered by the ALP-positive expressed cells (such as MCF-7 cells) due to the removal of Ce(3+) ions from BGQDs surface by phosphate ions, which are generated from ATP under catalytic hydrolysis of ALP that expressed in cells...
May 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Yuxia Luo, Amy Frederick, John M Martin, Abraham Scaria, Seng H Cheng, Donna Armentano, Samuel C Wadsworth, Karen A Vincent
Adeno-associated virus (AAV) producer cell lines are created via transfection of HeLaS3 cells with a single plasmid containing three components (the vector sequence, the AAV rep and cap genes, and a selectable marker gene). As this plasmid contains both the cis (Rep binding sites) and trans (Rep protein encoded by the rep gene) elements required for site-specific integration, it was predicted that plasmid integration might occur within the AAVS1 locus on human chromosome 19 (chr19). The objective of this study was to investigate whether integration in AAVS1 might be correlated with vector yield...
April 14, 2017: Human Gene Therapy Methods
Ulas Aday, Cuneyt Kayaalp, Murat Kapan
BACKGROUND: Rupture into the biliary ducts is the most frequent complication of hydatid liver disease. In endemic areas of Echinococcus granulosus, development of jaundice in a patient with liver cyst is initially suspected to have hydatid cyst. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48 year-old woman with history of asymptomatic hydatid liver cysts was admitted to the emergency department with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, increased levels of liver enzymes, bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase and the initial clinical diagnosis was the hydatid cyst rupture into the bile ducts...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
I Piotr Maly, Elisabeth Eppler, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl
Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) is playing a key role in bone calcification, as has been demonstrated in different mammalian species including human and rodents. However, to investigate age-related changes during life history, histochemical demonstration of TNAP is severely hampered, particularly in the elderly, by technical difficulties associated with sectioning calcified tissue. Sufficient fixation must precede decalcification since poorly fixed bone tissue is exposed to the deleterious effects of decalcification reagents...
May 11, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Seung Hyun Kim, Kyoo-Ho Shin, Seong-Hwan Moon, Jinyoung Jang, Hyo Song Kim, Jin-Suck Suh, Woo-Ick Yang
The goal of this study was to reassess serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) as tumor marker in osteosarcoma. We retrospectively examined serum ALP levels at diagnosis, every therapeutic step (neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and adjuvant chemotherapy), metastasis, and follow-up and analyzed the role of ALP as tumor marker in 210 osteosarcomas. The diagnostic performances of ALP were validated with pathology-proven 899 other primary bone lesions. Elevated ALP at diagnosis was associated with inferior overall survival (OS) (Log Rank P < 0...
May 11, 2017: Cancer Medicine
María Pilar Bahíllo-Curieses, Rebeca Garrote-Molpeceres, María Miñambres-Rodríguez, M Rosa Del Real-Llorente, Cristina Tobar-Mideros, Sara Rellán-Rodríguez
Fanconi-Bickel syndrome is a rare inherited disease characterized by the combination of hepatorenal glycogen accumulation, proximal renal tubular dysfunction and impaired utilization of glucose and galactose. The first symptoms of the disorder are recognized in late infancy as clinical characteristics appear. Therapeutic approach is mainly conservative with supplements of calcium, phosphate and vitamin D and small frequent feedings to avoid hypoglycemia. We report 1 clinical case of very early diagnosis, a 19 days old baby girl, in which the first clinical sign of the disease was the detection of glycosuria and vomits...
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
Saman Shahid, Khalid Masood
The cross-sectional study was conducted to examine hepatic function via liver enzymes/proteins assessments, along with the estimation of an inflammatory response from C-reactive protein (CRP)-which is a liver-synthesized protein. The liver function tests with aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and bilirubin (BBN), and CRP test were conducted for radiation-exposed workers-REW (n = 32) and radiation-unexposed workers-RUW (n = 21). The annual average effective doses (AAED) were measured from thermoluminescent dosimeter...
May 10, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Imen Ghorbel, Awatef Elwej, Mariem Chaabene, Ons Boudawara, Rim Marrakchi, Kamel Jamoussi, Tahya Sellami Boudawara, Najiba Zeghal
The present study investigates the toxic effects of acrylamide (ACR) administered to rats at two doses on (i) oxidative stress and disruption of pro-oxidant/antioxidant balance in hepatic cells and (ii) its correlation with metallothioneins (MTs) genes expression, DNA damage and histomorphological changes. Treated rats with 20 and 40 mg/kg body weight of ACR led to an increase in malondialdehyde, hydrogen peroxide, advanced oxidation protein products, protein carbonyl levels as well as an alteration in the antioxidant status...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Man Zhao, Xiangdong Yuan, Jizhen Wei, Wanna Zhang, Bingjie Wang, Myint Myint Khaing, Gemei Liang
A pyramid strategy combining the Cry1A and Cry2A toxins in Bt crops has been widely used throughout the world to delay pest adaption to transgenic crops and broaden the insecticidal spectrum. Midgut membrane-bound cadherin (CAD), aminopeptidase-N (APN) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) are important for Cry1A toxicity in some lepidopteran larvae, but the proteins that bind Cry2A in the midgut of target insects and their role in the Cry2A mechanism of action are still unclear. In this study, we found that heterologously expressed CAD, APN4 and ALP2 peptides from the midgut of Helicoverpa armigera could bind to the Cry2Aa toxin with a high affinity...
May 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
N Baradaran, M H Shahir, Z Asadi Kermani
1. An experiment was performed to elucidate the subsequent effects of high non-phytate phosphorus (NPP) diets on growth performance, blood metabolites, bone characteristics and P retention of broilers fed on low-NPP grower diets. The 42-d study was designed as a 2 × 2 × 2 + 1 factorial, which included 2 starter NPP concentrations (4.5 and 5.5 g/kg; d 0 to 21), 2 grower NPP concentrations (1.5 and 2.3 g/kg; d 22 to 42), with or without phytase (1000 FTU/kg), with a reference diet containing an adequate NPP concentration over the course of the trial...
May 9, 2017: British Poultry Science
Jhamak Nourmohammadi, Fahimeh Roshanfar, Mehdi Farokhi, Masoumeh Haghbin Nazarpak
The combination of protein-polysaccharide in scaffolding together with the ability to induce bone-like apatite formation has become a promising approach to mimic extracellular matrix composition. In the present study, we developed and characterized new bioactive composite scaffolds from kappa-carrageenan/silk fibroin for bone regeneration applications. Three dimensional (3D) scaffolds were fabricated by adding various amounts of carrageenan to a silk fibroin solution, followed by freeze-drying. Various characterization techniques were applied to analyze such items as the structure, morphology, compressive strength, and bone-like apatite mineralization of the composites, which were then compared to those of pure fibroin scaffolds...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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