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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777672/valvectomy-versus-replacement-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-tricuspid-endocarditis
#1
Adam N Protos, Jaimin R Trivedi, William M Whited, Michael P Rogers, Ugochukwu Owolabi, Kendra J Grubb, Kristen Sell-Dottin, Mark S Slaughter
BACKGROUND: Optimal surgical treatment of infective tricuspid endocarditis is debatable, especially in the setting of inherent social and pathologic concerns. This study seeks to compare tricuspid valve repair, replacement, and excision for the treatment of infective endocarditis METHODS: A single center cardiac surgery database was queried between 2012 and 2016 to identify patients >18 years who underwent tricuspid valve surgery for infective endocarditis. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on the type of tricuspid valve surgery: valvectomy, repair, or replacement and evaluated to identify differences between the pre-op factors and outcomes including mortality, length of stay, and complications...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774412/hybrid-constructs-pedicle-screw-with-apical-sublaminar-bands-versus-pedicle-screws-only-for-surgical-correction-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#2
Matteo Palmisani, Eugenio Dema, Stefano Cervellati, Rosa Palmisani
PURPOSE: To compare the 2-year minimum postoperative results of posterior correction and spinal arthrodesis using translational correction with hybrid (sublaminar bands on concave side and pedicle screw) constructs versus correction with intermediate density pedicle screw-only constructs in the treatment of AIS (Lenke 1). METHODS: A total of 37 patients with AIS at single institutions who underwent posterior spinal arthrodesis pedicle screw with sublaminar bands at the apex (19 patients) (Group A) or pedicle screw-only (18) constructs (Group B) were selected and matched according to similar age at surgery 13...
May 17, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765545/multi-institution-analysis-of-racial-disparity-among-african-american-men-eligible-for-prostate-cancer-active-surveillance
#3
Michael Dinizo, Weichung Shih, Young Suk Kwon, Daniel Eun, Adam Reese, Laura Giusto, Edouard J Trabulsi, Bertram Yuh, Nora Ruel, Daniel Marchalik, Jonathan Hwang, Shilajit D Kundu, Scott Eggener, Isaac Yi Kim
There is a significant controversy on whether race should be a factor in considering active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer. To address this question, we analyzed a multi-institution database to assess racial disparity between African-American and White-American men with low risk prostate cancer who were eligible for active surveillance but underwent radical prostatectomy. A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected clinical, pathologic and oncologic outcomes of men with low-risk prostate cancer from seven tertiary care institutions that underwent radical prostatectomy from 2003-2014 were used to assess potential racial disparity...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735138/transpedicular-decompression-debridement-and-posterior-spinal-fusion-with-instrumentation-for-single-level-thoracic-spinal-tuberculosis-with-myelopathy-is-anterior-column-reconstruction-necessary
#4
Saumyajit Basu, Sri Krishna Chaitanya Kondety
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to study the safety and efficacy of single-stage transpedicular decompression/debridement and instrumented posterior spinal fusion for single-level thoracic spinal tuberculosis with myelopathy without anterior column reconstruction. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Existing literature has many reports of transpedicular decompression/debridement and instrumented posterior spinal fusion with anterior column reconstruction. The quoted loss of correction is around 2°, but there is no strong evidence analyzing the loss of kyphosis correction, assessment of fusion in the same, without anterior column reconstruction...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732665/novel-electrical-conductivity-device-for-osteotomy-preparation-for-dental-implants-placement-a-cadaver-study
#5
Adi Lorean, Noa Barer, Horia Barbu, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy, safety, and anticipation effect of a novel electrical conductivity device (SG) in maxillary osteotomy preparation for placement of dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven osteotomies were prepared by three operators with different levels of expertise, using the SG protocol in the maxilla of six fresh frozen cadavers. A pre-op CT measurement of the length of bone in the desired implant location was taken and compared with the final length of the osteotomy created using SG during surgery...
May 6, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730345/hemiarch-reconstruction-vs-clamped-aortic-anastomosis-for-concomitant-ascending-aortic-aneurysm
#6
Ibrahim Sultan, Valentino Bianco, Ibrahim Yajzi, Arman Kilic, Keith Dufendach, Arturo Cardounel, Andrew D Althouse, Ahmad Masri, Forozan Navid, Thomas G Gleason
BACKGROUND: Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is often avoided in patients with concomitant ascending aortic pathology when treating other cardiac disease to avoid increased risk of morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that the use of DHCA with retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) does not add incremental risk to ascending aortic replacement alone in the setting of concomitant cardiac surgery. METHODS: 408 ascending aortic ± hemiarch replacements and aortic (root)/mitral/tricuspid valve(s), CABG, or MAZE procedures were performed for concomitant cardiac disease...
May 3, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705337/cost-effectiveness-of-circumferential-fusion-for-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-propensity-matched-comparison-of-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-versus-anterior-posterior-fusion
#7
Ehsan Jazini, Jeffrey L Gum, Steven D Glassman, Charles H Crawford, Mladen Djurasovic, R Kirk Owens, John R Dimar, Katlyn E McGraw, Leah Y Carreon
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) and dual approach antero-posterior (AP) are common techniques to achieve circumferential fusion for lumbar spondylolisthesis. It is unclear which approach is more cost-effective. PURPOSE: Our goal is to determine the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) by calculating the cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) for each approach. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Propensity matched cost-effectiveness comparison...
April 26, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692478/a-clinical-study-to-evaluate-the-results-after-toric-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-cases-of-corneal-astigmatism
#8
P S Moulick, V K Mohindra, V S Gurunadh, Parth Patel, Sandeep Gupta, M A Khan
Backgroud: Modern day cataract surgery aims at a spectacle free vision which becomes difficult in cases with pre-operative astigmatism more than 1.5 D. Implantation of toric intra-ocular lenses (IOL) after phacoemulsification in such eyes is one of the ways to counteract this problem. Methods: Thirty eyes with pre-operative astigmatism between 1.5 D and 4.5 D were implanted with toric IOLs following uneventful phaco-emulsification. The estimation of the axis of implantation of this toric IOL included calculating the surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) of the surgeon...
April 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679730/stand-alone-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-adjacent-segment-degeneration-following-previous-lumbar-fusion
#9
Philip K Louie, Arya G Varthi, Ankur S Narain, Victor Lei, Daniel D Bohl, Grant D Shifflett, Frank M Phillips
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Revision posterior decompression and fusion for patients with symptomatic ASD is associated with significant morbidity and is technically challenging. The use of a stand-alone LLIF in patients with symptomatic ASD may avoid many of the complications associated with revision posterior surgery. PURPOSE: To assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) for symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASD)...
April 18, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677027/surgery-complications-and-quality-of-life-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-exploring-the-role-of-psychosocial-factors
#10
Stephanie Archer, Anna Pinto, Sabine Vuik, Colin Bicknell, Omar Faiz, Ben Byrne, Maximilian Johnston, Petros Skapinakis, Thanos Athanasiou, Charles Vincent, Ara Darzi
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether psychosocial factors moderate the relationship between surgical complications and quality of life (QoL). BACKGROUND: Patients who experience surgical complications have significantly worse postoperative QoL than patients with an uncomplicated recovery. Psychosocial factors, such as coping style and level of social support influence how people deal with stressful events, but it is unclear whether they affect QoL following a surgical complication...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653244/opioid-utilization-following-cervical-spine-surgery-trends-and-factors-associated-with-long-term-use
#11
Andrew J Pugely, Nicholas A Bedard, Piyush Kalakoti, Nathan R Hendrickson, Jamal N Shillingford, Joseph L Laratta, Comron Saifi, Ronald A Lehman, K Daniel Riew
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Limited or no data exist evaluating risk-factors associated with prolonged opioid use following cervical arthrodesis. PURPOSE: To assess trends in post-operative narcotic use amongst preoperative opioid users (OU) versus non-opioid users (NOU), and identify factors associated with postoperative narcotic use at 1-year following cervical arthrodesis. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective, observational study. PATIENT SAMPLE: 17,391 patients (OU: 52...
April 10, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613949/reduced-dnase-enzyme-activity-in-response-to-high-post-injury-mitochondrial-dna-concentration-provides-a-therapeutic-target-for-sirs
#12
Daniel J McIlroy, Kyra Minahan, Simon Keely, Natalie Lott, Philip Hansbro, Doug W Smith, Zsolt J Balogh
BACKGROUND: Cell free mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is pro-inflammatory and has been detected in high concentrations in trauma patients' plasma. Deoxyribonuclease (DNase) is the free plasma enzyme responsible for the digestion of extracellular DNA. The relationship between mtDNA and DNase after major trauma is unknown. We hypothesized that DNase activity would be elevated after injury and trauma surgery, and would be associated with high concentrations of extracellular DNA. METHODS: 2-year prospective study was performed on 103 consecutive trauma patients (Male 81%, Age: 38 IQR 30-59 years; ISS: 18 IQR 12-26) who underwent standardised major orthopaedic trauma surgical interventions...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579018/utilizing-black-bone-mri-in-craniofacial-virtual-surgical-planning-a-comparative-cadaver-study
#13
Marissa A Suchyta, Waleed Gibreel, Christopher H Hunt, Krzysztof R Gorny, Matthew A Bernstein, Samir Mardini
BACKGROUND: The use of MRI for virtual surgical planning has not yet been described. In the US, over 600,000 CT scans are performed on children annually, who are at higher risk for developing cancer caused by ionizing radiation compared to adults. The aim of this study is to demonstrate that 3D printed craniofacial surgical guides created from Black Bone MRI are comparable in accuracy to those created from CT scans. METHODS: A mock craniosynostosis surgery translocating four calvarial segments was virtually planned and performed in ten cadavers...
March 19, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564522/antibiotic-prophylaxis-practices-in-pediatric-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-procedures-a-survey-of-the-pediatric-and-congenital-electrophysiology-society-paces
#14
Spenser Y Chen, Scott R Ceresnak, Kara S Motonaga, Anthony Trela, Debra Hanisch, Anne M Dubin
Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infections are associated with significant morbidity in the pediatric device population, with a tenfold higher risk of infection in children compared to adults. The 2010 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines recommend a single dose of systemic antibiotic (ABX) prophylaxis prior to CIED implantation and no post-operative (OP) ABX. However, there is limited data regarding adherence to this recommendation among the pediatric community. To assess current clinical practices for CIED ABX prophylaxis in pediatrics; whether the AHA guidelines are being followed; and if not, the reasons for non-adherence...
March 22, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559751/circulating-and-urinary-mir-210-and-mir-16-increase-during-cardiac-surgery-using-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-pilot-study
#15
Annette L Mazzone, Robert A Baker, Kym McNicholas, Richard J Woodman, Michael Z Michael, Jonathan M Gleadle
A pilot study to measure and compare blood and urine microRNAs miR-210 and miR-16 in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Frequent serial blood and urine samples were taken from patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB (n = 10) and undergoing off-pump cardiac surgery (n = 5) before, during, and after surgery. Circulating miR-210 and miR-16 levels were determined by relative quantification real-time polymerase chain reaction...
March 2018: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548513/effect-of-allergic-rhinitis-on-nasal-obstruction-outcomes-after-functional-open-septorhinoplasty
#16
Mofiyinfolu Sokoya, Joseph R Gonzalez, Andrew A Winkler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a diagnosis of allergic rhinitis affects surgical outcomes of open septorhinoplasty (OSR) and to examine whether OSR provides the same level of improvement in quality of life to patients with and without allergic rhinitis. STUDY DESIGN, SETTING, SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective evaluation of 646 patients who underwent open septorhinoplasty in a tertiary otolaryngology practice between 2008 and 2015. Preoperative and postoperative quality of life (QoL) measurement using the validated Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) Scale was performed on 307 patients meeting inclusion criteria...
May 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537706/immediate-and-flapless-implant-insertion-and-provisionalization-using-autogenous-bone-grafts-in-the-esthetic-zone-5-year-results
#17
Robert Noelken, Maximilian Moergel, Martin Kunkel, Wilfried Wagner
OBJECTIVES: As the 2-year results for immediately inserted and provisionalized implants have been reported, it remained an open issue, whether the initially high success rates and the esthetic outcome remain stable for longer observation periods. Therefore, this prospective study examines the 5-year hard and soft tissue changes at implants placed in the anterior maxilla. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Meanwhile, 37 microthreaded implants were placed in 21 patients into extraction sockets with and without facial bone deficiencies by a flapless approach...
March 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530496/preoperative-frailty-is-a-risk-factor-for-non-home-discharge-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-endometrial-cancer
#18
Pelumi Adedayo, Kimberly Resnick, Sareena Singh
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the association of the modified frailty index (mFI) and non-home discharge in patients undergoing surgery for endometrial cancer (EMCA). METHODS: Patients who underwent surgery for EMCA from 2011 to 2012 were identified from the American College of Surgeons - Nastional Surigical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) database. Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes were used to identify surgical characteristics. We excluded patients who were already living in a non-home facility...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520949/predictive-modelling-of-2-year-potency-outcomes-using-a-novel-90-day-erection-fullness-scale-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#19
Linda M Huynh, Kathryn Osann, Douglas Skarecky, Thomas E Ahlering
OBJECTIVE: To introduce a patient-reported erection fullness scale (%fullness) after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) as a qualitative adjunct to the five-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) and as a 90-day predictor of 2-year potency outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective data were collected from 540 men with preoperative IIEF-5 scores of 22-25 who underwent RARP by a single surgeon, and of whom 299 had complete data at all time points up to 2 years...
March 9, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498104/cardio-hepatic-risk-assessment-by-cmr-imaging-in-liver-transplant-candidates
#20
Sahadev T Reddy, Ngoc L Thai, Jose Oliva, Kusum B Tom, Michael K Dishart, Mark Doyle, June A Yamrozik, Ronald B Williams, Moneal Shah, Adil Wani, Anil Singh, Rishi Maheswary, Robert W W Biederman
BACKGROUND: The preoperative workup of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) patients is practically complex given the need for multiple imaging modalities. We recently demonstrated in our proof-of-concept study the value of a one-stop-shop approach using cardiovascular MRI (CMR) to address this complex problem. However, this approach requires further validation in a larger cohort, as detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as well as cardiovascular risk assessment is critically important in these patients...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
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