keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Labrum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920546/blood-supply-and-vascularity-of-the-glenoid-labrum-its-clinical-implications
#1
Abduelmenem Alashkham, Abdulrahman Alraddadi, Paul Felts, Roger Soames
BACKGROUND: Tears of the glenoid labrum are common after dislocation of the glenohumeral joint. The outcome for healing or surgical reconstruction of the glenoid labrum relies on the extent of its vascularization. This study aims to evaluate the glenoid labrum blood supply and to determine its regional vascularity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 shoulders (30 male and 40 female cadavers) were examined: mean age 81.5 years, range 53-101 years. All blood vessels around the glenohumeral joint were dissected and recorded...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906050/labral-calcification-in-end-stage-osteoarthritis-of-the-hip-correlates-with-pain-and-clinical-function
#2
Jan Hubert, Thelonius Hawellek, Martin Moe, Sandra Hischke, Matthias Krause, Tim Rolvien, Tobias Schmidt, Wolfgang Rüther, Andreas Niemeier
The acetabular labrum of the hip (ALH) is recognized as a clinically important structure, but knowledge about the pathophysiology of this fibrocartilage is scarce. In this prospective study we determined the prevalence of ALH calcification in patients with end-stage osteoarthritis (OA) and analyzed the relationship of cartilage calcification (CC) with hip pain and clinical function. Cohort of 80 patients (70.2±7.6years) with primary OA scheduled for total hip replacement. Harris Hip Score (HHS) was recorded preoperatively...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904952/internal-impingement-of-the-shoulder-a-risk-of-false-positive-test-outcomes-in-external-impingement-tests
#3
Tim Leschinger, Christopher Wallraff, Dirk Müller, Matthias Hackenbroch, Henning Bovenschulte, Jan Siewe
BACKGROUND: External impingement tests are considered as being particularly reliable for identifying subacromial and coracoid shoulder impingement mechanisms. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate if these tests are likely to provoke an internal shoulder impingement mechanism which, in cases of a pathologic condition, can lead to a positive test result. METHOD: In 37 subjects, the mechanical contact between the glenoid rim and the rotator cuff (RC) was measured quantitatively and qualitatively in external impingement test positions using an open MRI system...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885650/the-posterior-acetabular-wall-paw-an-aid-to-acetabular-orientation-at-primary-tha
#4
Huw L M Williams, Gavin E Bartlett, Mark R Norton, Rory G Middleton
INTRODUCTION: Incorrect acetabular component positioning during total hip arthroplasty (THA) may lead to dislocation, impingement, wear and revision. Surgeons commonly use the transverse acetabular ligament (TAL) as a landmark for acetabular component orientation. The posterior acetabular wall (PAW) is a structure easily viewed on plain radiography and its position can help guide acetabular component position. In this study, we examine the efficacy of preoperative radiographs in predicting cup position relative to the PAW...
September 7, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867907/preemptive-analgesia-in-thumb-basal-joint-arthroplasty-immediate-postoperative-pain-with-preincision-versus-postincision-local-anesthesia
#5
Joseph T Labrum, Asif M Ilyas
Purpose  Currently no guidelines exist for the timing of the injection of anesthetics in surgeries performed under general anesthesia to minimize postoperative pain. To better understand the role of timing of the injection of local anesthesia in hand surgery performed under general anesthesia, we evaluated the effect of pre- versus postincisional local analgesic injection on immediate postoperative pain experience. We hypothesize that the preincisional (preemptive) injection will result in decreased immediate postoperative pain experience and analgesic use when compared with postincisional injection...
August 2017: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861201/arthroscopic-evaluation-of-subluxation-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon-and-its-relationship-with-subscapularis-tears
#6
Kyoung-Hwan Koh, Su Cheol Kim, Jae Chul Yoo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the angle between the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) and the glenoid during arthroscopic surgery and its correlation with biceps subluxation on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Furthermore, we evaluated the relationship of this angle with subscapularis tears and biceps pathologies. METHODS: MRI and arthroscopic images of 270 consecutive patients who had undergone arthroscopic surgery were retrospectively evaluated...
September 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861126/soft-tissue-based-surgical-techniques-for-treatment-of-posterior-shoulder-instability
#7
REVIEW
Alessandro Castagna, Marco Conti, Raffaele Garofalo
Posterior shoulder instability is a rare clinical condition that encompasses different degrees of severity including various possible pathologies involving the labrum, capsule, bony lesions, and even locked posterior dislocation. When focusing on soft tissue involvement, the diagnosis of posterior instability may be difficult to make because frequently patients report vague symptoms not associated with a clear history of traumatic shoulder dislocation. Pathological soft tissue conditions associated with posterior instability in most cases are related to posterior labral tear and/or posterior capsular detensioning/tear...
2017: Obere Extremität
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857933/the-opioid-epidemic-postoperative-pain-management-strategies-in-orthopaedics
#8
Joseph T Labrum, Asif M Ilyas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851262/a-technique-for-an-arthroscopic-proximal-biceps-tenodesis-using-a-fork-anchor
#9
Nirav H Amin, Alexander Volpi, Matthew Simons, Gavin Mills, Stephen Silver
Pathology to the proximal biceps tendon has the potential to be a major source of pain in the shoulder, secondary to complex superior labrum from anterior to posterior (SLAP) lesions, partial biceps tears, and subluxations. In order to restore function and improve the patient's quality of life, repair of these injuries is crucial. Tenodesis has long been the ideal treatment of persistent pain caused by pathology of the proximal biceps tendon. A biceps tenodesis helps prevent biceps pain and cramping during movement and avoids the cosmetic deformity associated with a biceps tenotomy...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839500/arthroscopic-acetabular-labral-reconstruction-with-fascia-lata-allograft-clinical-outcomes-at-minimum-one-year-follow-up
#10
Ritesh Rathi, Jacek Mazek
BACKGROUND: The integrity of the acetabular labrum is crucial to normal biomechanics of the hip joint. Disruption of the labral seal could be detrimental to the overall nutrition of the cartilage, leading to its premature degeneration. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the clinical effectiveness of arthroscopic hip labral reconstruction using fascia lata allograft. The hypothesis is that labral reconstruction would provide good clinical outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all 10 patients who underwent labral reconstruction with fascia lata allograft from January 2013 to October 2015...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823795/hip-arthroscopy-indications-outcomes-and-complications
#11
Mujahid Jamil, Wael Dandachli, Shahryar Noordin, Johan Witt
Hip arthroscopy has recently occupied an important place in the armamentarium of General Orthopedic and especially hip surgeons. It is an effective and innovative procedure with rapidly expanding indications. Advancements in surgical tools and refinement in techniques has revolutionalized modern Hip arthroscopy. Surgeons are now able to address pathology in and around the hip joint that was either misdiagnosed or poorly understood. The procedure allows detailed visualization of acetabular labrum, femoral and acetabular chondral surfaces, fovea, ligamentum teres, synovium and the extra-articular peri-trochanteric space...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820271/cam-deformities-and-limited-hip-range-of-motion-are-associated-with-early-osteoarthritic-changes-in-adolescent-athletes-a-prospective-matched-cohort-study
#12
Cody C Wyles, Germán A Norambuena, Benjamin M Howe, Dirk R Larson, Bruce A Levy, Brandon J Yuan, Robert T Trousdale, Rafael J Sierra
BACKGROUND: The natural history of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) remains incompletely understood. In particular, there is limited documentation of joint damage in adolescent patients with limited range of motion (LROM) of the hip, which is commonly associated with FAI. PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), radiographs, and clinical examinations over 5 years in a group of athletes from a wide variety of sports with asymptomatic LROM of the hip compared with matched controls...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817407/nonoperative-management-of-labral-tears-of-the-hip-in-adolescent-athletes-description-of-sports-participation-interventions-comorbidity-and-outcomes
#13
Andrea Cianci, Dai Sugimoto, Andrea Stracciolini, Yi-Meng Yen, Mininder S Kocher, Pierre A dʼHemecourt
CONTEXT: Hip injury among young athletes is increasing, especially hip labral tears. Some tears may require surgical intervention, especially if they are associated with boney pathology such as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). A protocol for nonoperative treatment of the hip labral tears is not well established. OBJECTIVE: To identify current nonoperative treatment options, comorbidities, sports participation, and outcomes of adolescent athletes who were diagnosed with hip labral tears...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811313/a-key-role-for-foxq2-in-anterior-head-and-central-brain-patterning-in-insects
#14
Peter Kitzmann, Matthias Weißkopf, Magdalena Ines Schacht, Gregor Bucher
Anterior patterning of animals is based on a set of highly conserved transcription factors but the interactions within the protostome anterior gene regulatory network (aGRN) remain enigmatic. Here, we identify the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum ortholog of foxQ2 (Tc-foxQ2) as a novel upstream component of the aGRN. It is required for the development of the labrum and higher order brain structures, namely the central complex and the mushroom bodies. We reveal Tc-foxQ2 interactions by RNAi and heat shock-mediated misexpression...
August 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800708/multiplanar-correction-of-the-lesser-digital-deviation-and-indirect-plantar-plate-rupture-repair-using-a-braided-polyethylene-nylon-suture-a-technique-guide
#15
Cody D Blazek, Roberto A Brandão, Jeffrey M Manway, Patrick R Burns
Forefoot and lesser digital pathology continues to be a challenging area of surgical correction for foot and ankle surgeons. Many techniques for the correction of digital deformities secondary to plantar plate rupture, regardless of planal dominance, have been described including direct repair and metatarsal shortening osteotomies for repair. The authors present a new technique for multiplanar correction of deformed lesser digits without direct repair of the plantar plate rupture utilizing a specialty suture...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794582/what-are-the-anatomical-predictive-factors-of-degenerative-superior-labrum-anterior-to-posterior-lesion-in-rotator-cuff-tear
#16
Joong-Bae Seo, Jae-Sung Yoo, Joon-Yeul Lee, Kyoo-Hong Han
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of anatomical factors degenerative superior labrum anterior to posterior lesion in rotator cuff tear. The study included 421 middle-aged patients treated using arthroscopic surgery for rotator cuff tears. Patients were divided into two groups based on the superior labrum anterior-to-posterior (SLAP). Glenoid inclination, glenoid length, humeral head diameter, acromio-humeral distance (AHD) head-glenoid difference (HGD), head glenoid angle (HGA), size and retraction of rotator cuff tears were evaluated in both groups...
December 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782498/results-of-arthroscopic-treatment-of-chondral-delamination-in-femoroacetabular-impingement-with-bone-marrow-stimulation-and-bst-cargel-%C3%A2
#17
Mahmoud Tahoun, Tamer Aly Shehata, Inmaculada Ormazabal, Jesús Mas, Javier Sanz, Marc Tey Pons
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to show the preliminary results of using chitosan-based scaffold (BST-CarGel(®)) with microfracture for treatment of acetabular chondral delamination associated with femoroacetabular impingement. METHODS: A prospective study was performed on 13 hips. Patients were selected in the age group between 18 and 50 years. Patients with delamination of acetabular cartilage associated with femoroacetabular impingement received arthroscopic debridement and microfracture technique...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779796/editorial-commentary-more-evidence-of-the-importance-of-the-glenoid-labrum-magnetic-resonance-imaging-reveals-its-possibility-to-increase-both-version-and-diameter-of-the-glenoid
#18
EDITORIAL
Jüri-Toomas Kartus
An intact glenoid labrum has the possibility to increase both the version and the diameter of the glenoid, thus theoretically reducing the risk of instability.
August 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777665/an-anatomic-and-biomechanical-comparison-of-bankart-repair-configurations
#19
Christopher H Judson, Andreas Voss, Elifho Obopilwe, Felix Dyrna, Robert A Arciero, Kevin P Shea
BACKGROUND: Suture anchor repair for anterior shoulder instability can be performed using a number of different repair techniques, but none has been proven superior in terms of anatomic and biomechanical properties. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare the anatomic footprint coverage and biomechanical characteristics of 4 different Bankart repair techniques: (1) single row with simple sutures, (2) single row with horizontal mattress sutures, (3) double row with sutures, and (4) double row with labral tape...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777213/glenohumeral-instability-related-to-special-conditions-slap-tears-pan-labral-tears-and-multidirectional-instability
#20
Gregory S Van Blarcum, Steven J Svoboda
Glenohumeral instability is one of the more common conditions seen by sports medicine physicians, especially in young, active athletes. The associated anatomy of the glenohumeral joint (the shallow nature of the glenoid and the increased motion it allows) make the shoulder more prone to instability events as compared with other joints. Although traumatic dislocations or instability events associated with acute labral tears (ie, Bankart lesions) are well described in the literature, there exists other special shoulder conditions that are also associated with shoulder instability: superior labrum anterior/posterior (SLAP) tears, pan-labral tears, and multidirectional instability...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
keyword
keyword
479
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"