Read by QxMD icon Read


Tobias Helfen, Georg Siebenbürger, Florian Haasters, Wolfgang Böcker, Ben Ockert
BACKGROUND: To identify the prevalence of concomitant glenohumeral injuries in surgically treated Neer type II distal clavicle fractures and relate its clinical importance. METHODS: Between 11/2011 and 11/2015 41 patients, suffering from a displaced and unstable distal clavicle fracture were included. 20 patients (group 1) received surgical treatment by means of plate osteosynthesis in combination with an arthroscopically assisted coraco-clavicular ligament augmentation...
January 19, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Kartik Shenoy, Amos Z Dai, Siddharth A Mahure, Daniel J Kaplan, Brian Capogna, Thomas Youm
The acetabular labrum and the transverse acetabular ligament form a continuous ring of tissue on the periphery of the acetabulum that provides a seal for the hip joint and increases the surface area to spread load distribution during weight-bearing. When a labral tear is suspected, the treatment algorithm always begins with conservative management, including physical therapy and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. When conservative management fails, patients become candidates for arthroscopic labral repair...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Jacob G Calcei, Venkat Boddapati, David W Altchek, Christopher L Camp, Joshua S Dines
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the diagnostic and treatment challenges presented by injuries to the biceps and superior labral complex. RECENT FINDINGS: A focused patient history, numerous physical examination maneuvers, and appropriate advanced imaging studies must be utilized to reach an accurate diagnosis. Nonoperative management, even in overhead athletes, has demonstrated relatively good outcomes, while operative outcomes have yielded mixed results...
January 17, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Rachel M Frank, Eric J Cotter, Eric J Strauss, Laith M Jazrawi, Anthony A Romeo
Management of proximal and distal biceps tendon pathology is evolving. The long head of the biceps tendon, if inflamed, may be a pain-producing structure. In appropriately indicated patients, a symptomatic long head of the biceps tendon can be surgically managed via tenotomy, tenodesis, and/or superior labrum anterior to posterior repair. In some patients, primary superior labrum anterior to posterior pathology can be managed via biceps tenodesis. Determining which procedure is most appropriate and which technique and implant are preferred for a given patient with biceps tendon pathology is controversial...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Luca Maria Sconfienza, Domenico Albano, Carmelo Messina, Enzo Silvestri, Alberto Stefano Tagliafico
OBJECTIVES: To perform an online survey about the use of magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) in clinical practice. METHODS: We administered an online survey to all 1,550 members of the European Society of Musculoskeletal Radiology (ESSR) about MRA asking ten different questions. Subgroup analysis was performed between general and orthopaedic hospitals using χ2 and Mann-Whitney U statistics. RESULTS: One-hundred forty-eight answers were included (148/1,550, 9...
January 9, 2018: European Radiology
Ekaterina Urch, Samuel A Taylor, Prem N Ramkumar, Paul Enker, Stephen B Doty, Alex E White, Demetris Delos, Mary E Shorey, Stephen J O'Brien
In this article, we report on the differences in the healing biology of biceps tenodesis performed on either bone or soft tissue in a rat model. This work provides further insight into what may be the optimal strategy for managing biceps-labrum complex disease.
November 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
Easton J Bents, Paul C Brady, Christopher R Adams, John M Tokish, Laurence D Higgins, Patrick J Denard
We conducted a study to compare the clinical results and operative times of knotted and knotless fixation of anterior and posterior glenohumeral labral repairs and superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) repairs. We retrospectively evaluated data that had been prospectively collected from a Surgical Outcomes System database. Knotted and knotless techniques for 226 repairs (59 isolated anterior labral, 95 posterior labral, 72 SLAP) were compared on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), including American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, visual analog scale pain score, and Veterans RAND 12-Item Health Survey score, obtained before surgery and 6 months and 1 year after surgery...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
Soon Hyuck Lee, Woo Young Jang, Gi Won Choi, Young Keun Lee, Hae Woon Jung
PURPOSE: To investigate the arthroscopic pathoanatomy of the transverse acetabular ligament (TAL) and determine whether a TAL incision is necessary for the concentric reduction of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in infants and young children. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent arthroscopic-assisted reduction for DDH between July 2008 and April 2016. The indications for this intervention included patients in whom closed reduction failed and those who did not require bone operations...
December 26, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Stylianos Kapetanakis, Nikolaos Gkantsinikoudis, Antonios Dermon, Vassiliki Kommata, Jannis Papathanasiou, Panagiotis Soukakos, Caterina Dermon
Background: Normal histologic architecture of acetabular labrum, regarding presence of Free Nerve Endings (FNEs) and Nerve End Organs (NEOs) has been four times described. Nevertheless, elderly cadaveric specimens and individuals were recruited, leading to considerably high unreliability probability due to microscopic degenerative alterations. Aim of this paper is to analyze distribution pattern of FNEs and NEOs in acetabular labra of healthy middle-aged individuals, configuring thus more reliably acetabular labrum microscopic profile...
April 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Siddharth R Shah, Ian Horsley, Christer G Rolf
Background/Objective: Impingement syndromes are a common cause of shoulder pain in overhead athletes. Anterior internal impingement is a recently suggested mechanism for activity-related pain of the shoulder. Impingement syndromes were initially described to occur due to repetitive or excessive contact between the rotator cuff and other structures in the shoulder. Methods: This is a retrospective, clinical case study reporting 54 consecutive cases of anterior internal impingement in overhead athletes, of which 28 (51...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology
C Selvakumar, K A Subramanian, Kailash Chandra, E Eyarin Jehamalar
A new species of Choroterpes Eaton, 1881 is described based on the larvae from India. Choroterpes (Choroterpes) kaegies sp. n. can be distinguished from other known species of the subgenus by the following combination of characters: (i) anteromedian emargination of labrum broad; (ii) each femur with a dark brown spot at middle and near apex; (iii) gill 1 single and slender and (iv) upper and lower lamellae of gills 2-7 with 3 apical processes, median process relatively slender and longer than laterals. A key to the known species of Choroterpes Eaton, 1881 in India is also provided...
October 24, 2017: Zootaxa
Maxim Nabozhenko, Saber Sadeghi
The troglobitic darkling beetle Foranotum perforatum gen. et sp. nov. from a cave in Southern Zagros Mountains (Iran) is described. This new taxon belongs to the family Tenebrionidae based on the following combination of characters: tarsal formula 5-5-4, antennal insertions concealed from above, antennae 11-segmented, mesocoxal cavities laterally closed by meso- and metaventrite. It is close to Kuhitangia kryzhanovskii Medvedev, 1962 by sharing a similar structure of procoxa (open cavities), labrum (reduced tormal arms) and prothorax (perforating holes on lateral sides of disc)...
October 24, 2017: Zootaxa
F F Salles, A S Victoriano, R Boldrini, H R S Cabette
A new species of the rare genus Corinnella is described based on nymphs from the Rio Pindaíba, a river located close to the Cerrado - Amazonian border. The new species is more related to C. eximia than to C. thomasi, but can be distinguished from them by the following combination of characters: 1) distomedial emargination of labrum broad and with very small process; 2) maxillary palp 2.0× length of galea-lacinia; 3) posterior margin of terga I-IX with pointed spaced spines; 4) claws with four denticles.
October 3, 2017: Zootaxa
Richard Sehnal
The Afrotropical genus Eurypeza Lacroix, 2006 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Tanyproctini) was established for one species, Eurypeza evansi Lacroix, 2006, from Somalia. The genus belongs to the first group of Afrotropical Tanyproctini sensu Lacroix (2007), and is characterized by protarsomeres 1-4 and mesotarsomeres 1-4 broadened and ventrally macrosetaceous, protarsomere 5 and mesotarsomere 5 simple, and labrum transverse and shallowly bilobed. The genus Eurypeza differs from other genera of Lacroix's (2007) first group by club with five antennomeres, antennomere 3 and 4 of equal length, labial palpi with three palpomeres, clypeus broadly rounded, protibia bidentate with proximal tooth well developed, and metatibial carina incomplete (for details, see also Lacroix 2006, 2007)...
October 17, 2017: Zootaxa
WeiYu Lu, Justin K Hwang, Fangfang Zeng, Walter S Leal
The insect repellent N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET), is a multimodal compound that acts as a spatial repellent as well as an irritant (contact repellent), thus being perceived by the insect's olfactory and gustatory systems as an odorant and a tastant, respectively. Soon after DEET was developed, almost 6 decades ago, it was reported that it reduced mosquito feeding on blood mixed with this repellent. It is now known that the mosquito proboscis senses contact repellents with the tips (labella) of the labium, which remain in direct contact with the outer layers of the skin, while the stylets, including the feeding deterrent sensor (labrum), penetrate the skin...
2017: PloS One
Matthew John Yousif, James Bicos
Background: The glenohumeral joint is the most commonly dislocated joint in the body. Failure rates of capsulolabral repair have been reported to be approximately 8%. Recent focus has been on restoration of the capsulolabral complex by a double-row capsulolabral repair technique in an effort to decrease redislocation rates after arthroscopic capsulolabral repair. Purpose: To present a review of the biomechanical literature comparing single- versus double-row capsulolabral repairs and discuss the previous case series of double-row fixation...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Carlos Suarez-Ahedo, Chengcheng Gui, Stephanie M Rabe, John P Walsh, Sivashankar Chandrasekaran, Benjamin G Domb
Background: Hip arthroscopic surgery is intended to treat multiple abnormalities in an effort to delay the progression to osteoarthritis, especially in young patients. However, the length of time in which patients experience joint pain before seeking a specialist for a diagnosis can delay hip preservation surgery and influence clinical outcomes. Purpose: To investigate the relationship between age at symptom onset and findings during hip arthroscopic surgery as well as outcomes after 2 years of clinical follow-up...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Jonathan D Packer, Arya G Varthi, David S Zhu, Frances G Javier, Jason D Young, Jennie V Garver, Havalee Henry, Steven M Tommasini, Theodore A Blaine
BACKGROUND: Failure of glenoid labrum and capsular healing after glenohumeral dislocation can lead to persistent shoulder instability. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the healing glenoid labrum and capsule after glenohumeral dislocation in a rat model. METHODS: Sixty-six rats had surgically induced anterior-inferior labral tears and anterior glenohumeral dislocation. Postoperatively, the animals were assigned to either normal (n = 32) or ibuprofen drinking water (n = 31)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Fidel Hita-Contreras, Indalecio Sánchez-Montesinos, Antonio Martínez-Amat, David Cruz-Díaz, Rafael J Barranco, Olga Roda
Although several studies have been published regarding the morphology and anatomical variations of the human shoulder joint, most have dealt with adult individuals. Those looking into the development of the joint have been focused on specific structures or have observed specimens in advanced gestational stages. The goal of this paper is to perform a complete analysis of the embryonic and early fetal development of the elements in the shoulder joint, and to clarify some contradictory data in the literature. In our study, serial sections of 32 human embryos (Carnegie stages 16-23) and 26 fetuses (9-13 weeks) were analyzed...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
Sandra Boesmueller, Antal Nógrádi, Patrick Heimel, Christian Albrecht, Sylvia Nürnberger, Heinz Redl, Christian Fialka, Rainer Mittermayr
BACKGROUND: The postoperative course after arthroscopic superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) repair using suture anchors is accompanied by a prolonged period of pain, which might be caused by constriction of nerve fibres. The purpose was to histologically investigate the distribution of neurofilament in the superior labrum and the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT), i.e. the location of type II SLAP lesions. METHODS: Ten LHBTs including the superior labrum were dissected from fresh human specimen and immunohistochemically stained against neurofilament (NF)...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"